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RESOURCES OF THE
NATION ARE READY
SHOULD SUBMARINE ATTACK
AMERICAN SHIP ALL FORCES
SHIP OWNERS ARE NOTIFIED
Vessels May Now Mount Guns and
Will Have Full Backing of Govern
ment Forces, But Shoot-on-Sight
Policy is Not Announced.
Washington.---The lnited Statew
Government has begun actual prepar.
ations for arming Germany's su.l
marine warfare. Ship owners hav
ing been notified of President W:1;
son's decision that hie has full auwho
ity to proceed withl thi- polik y. Il
tails were taken up so there inht
as little delay as possible : ra: :e
requests for defens~v a:nca.n:.t.
W hen vtessels sail u: -- : .
of arnied neutraity. they.w...
the full bar kic of Ad:ni tra
tion, expre* l : :h t. rm of naval
guns an- u:.: r- and1 war risk iniir
arne. It v n ie 'bIar *hat thet
etitre resou ces :eih nited StateS
will b. r ady for ation should (Ger.
any a:as k an Aii'k( an armed ship
n vIlation of the warning of the
The State Departments view of de.
fensive armanient. was that the mere
appearance of a German submari n
periscope near an American armed
vessel would entithit the ship to take
all measures of protection on the pra
sumption that 1he U-boat's purpose
was hostile. This was based on Ger
many's announcement that her sub.
marines would attack without warn
ing any belligerent or neutral mer
chantmen encountered within the
Whether this position will be em
bodied in instructions to command
ers of American armed ships. an-1
whether arms and ammunition will
be furnished to vessels carrying con
traband were up for discussion. but ic
announcement on either point was
President Wilson's attitude has
been that no steps of a belligerent
character should be taken and thal
if a state of war comes. it must bc
through Germany's commissio a
acts in clear violation of internationa
law. Despite the State Departiment':
ruling, some effcials are known t(
feel that in line with this policy th
United States should not sanction
shoot-on-sight program which inigh
be construed as aggression.
TORNADO IN INDIANA
KILLS MORE THAN SCORE
Newcastle Wrecked by Storm. Dab
age Estimated at $1,000.000.
Newcastle, Ind.--rwenty-one ar
known to have been killed. several arn
missing, more thant 10 pe jrsons wen
injured. some fatally and pr'operty
damaged to the extent of $1.000.00(
was the toll of a tornado whicl
The damage was eoughly estimnatel
at $1,000,000, but may exceed tha
figure. The storm swpet over the
city In a southwesterly dlirection, de
miolishing practIcally everythIng in:
path almost two bolcks wide ani
more than ten boleks long. lFor sever
al hours the cIty was entirely cut of
from conmmunicat ion.
Appeals for help were sent out b:
Mayor Leb Watkins, and Gover~no
Goodrich was asked to send troopis t(
polico the city, which Is In dlarknes:
owing to the demolitIon of the powo:
The exact number of dead my noi
I be known for a dauy or two. as pra'
tically all the hodilea thuts far foun'
have been rug outt of ths' wreckage
Although the skies had been thireat
ening (luring i te ear'ly a ft ernoon
there was little wat ning of the ap
proachinug tourn adlo.. A huge funnuel
shaped cloud sudiden ly a ppearied it
the wvest. hanging low and sweeping
towardi the city. G roups of persona
( ~ in the st reets began seeking shelt er
mon and women running wvildly
through the streets.
GEN. CARRANZA ELECTED PR ES.
IDENT WITHOUT APPOSITION.
' Mexico( City. -Gen. Vtinu'tianoa Car'
ranza wvas elect ed l'r'esiden t of M *y!
co by what is believed a have be'en
S the largest vote ever ino in athe
Although the voters hadth:m
lege of wr-itinug in or de. larn. a
name they (desired. G;enera: arra::
receivedl all but a faw sea :: :e : 12
lots. The estimated vot' tar u
all the way from sever-al hundre!
thousand to a million.
APPALLING TOTAL OF TEN
.MILLION IS WAR'S TOLL.
r Washington.-Mor than 1 0.000.,OI'
men are recorded a's killed, wounidedi
iaptured or missing in the European
War in the first' complete tabulation
of official and attthenticated semi-of
filal reports of tho various belliger
ents Among the military proper. 4.
-441400 are reported dead; 2.59S.500
wounded and 2,664,500 captured and
missing. Among civilians, another
400,000 are figured as either dead ov
wanndad through the war.
ORDERS STATE OF
PRESIDENT WILSON TAKES ONLY
STEP TO KEEP MERCHANT
SITUATION IS VERY GRAVE
Calls Special Session of Congress for
April 16.-Decision Came Quickly
Following Action of Senate Amend.
ing Rules to Stop Filibustering.
Washington. -- President Wilson1
fronm a sick hed ordered the arming
of American merchant ships against
Grmuany's ruthless submarine war
fart:. and at the sane time issued :.
proclamation calling an extra session
of Congress to meet April 16. The
P'7resident's decision came suddenly,
fUliowing the action of the Senate in
revising its rules to permit promtpt
ac tion on important quest.ions and the
su bmis sion of formal opiniions by Sec
oetary 1.ansing and Attorney General
Gregory that he has the power to arm
merchantment without action by ('on
Details of the Government's armed
neutrality plans for defending thc
nerchant marine were withheld t,
avoid endangering Americans and
their ships by permitting the informa
tion to reach Germany.
The d(e-tton coming at the end -l
a period of tense waiting. was gen
erally hailed as the natural and un
avoidable next step in the polies
adopted by the President when th2
broke off diplomatic relations with
Germany and gave warning that the
United States could not tolerate at
tacks on American ships and citizens
in violation of international law.
Fraught with the grave possibility
of war with Germany. the action was
taken by President Wilson only aftMr
he was vonvinced that Germans
actually was proceeding with her
camlaigin of ruthlessness.
Long before the order was given
from th, White HIouse. all necessary
preparatins for the arming of met
chantmen had been completed at the
Navy iepartment. Secretary Daniel.
however. issued an1i app'al to the pre
of the Nation to refrain from discus
Sion of thete pre parations.
The President's action sent a thril
through the Senate. nieting in sp
cial session and throtuh the Govern,
ment Departments. Still hoping tha
war w. th Germany wvill be avoided
official. and Senators declared tha
lie issue rests entirely with (rmasit
FIRST COLLISSION WITH SUB
MARINE MEANS WAR
Washing'on.-Armed neutrality wil
he the status of the United States th
moment that the first merchant sh
under the American flag puts to se,
withi cannon mount ed for defense.
President Wilson made this (lea
it his address to Congress F'ebruar'
I26. when he asked specific authorlt
to arm merchant ships for defens
against submarines. the steps he ot
i dered upon his own responsibility,
tWriters on international law hay
held that armed neutrality consists i1
-placing the country in a position
tlefend itself and its neutrality agains
I threatened attacks or inroads by bel
ligerents This state of preparednes
may last an indefintit e length of timi
through good fortune in avoiding con
tact with belligerent forces atloat o
ashore. or through the design of thi
belligerent to contine' its declaratie'
of purpose to in fra nge thle neout ral it:
'of a cont ry to mere threats unsuv
ported by act ion.
.AMERICAN SEAMEN HELD BY
GERMANY ARE GIVEN RELEASE
Berlin. hy wireless to Tuckerton. N
.---Flift.: ino A mericans ta kon fron
vessels s.tokt by the German raider it
the South AXtlati andI brought t
Siinmuende on Jlanutary I on hear<
the captured British steamter Yarrow
dale. wero releatsed fric quadrant in
and left for the Swiss front ier. Th,
route over which they departed ww
the onte chosen for their rettu by the
l'nited States Government
GERMAN SEAMEN GUILTY
OF SINKING SHIP
mtnt !f the Germnui llansa Lin:
frejit cr I i'lhenf. whih i begiz
-:nkinc ini ('harb-2ten harbor on -
ekiof .Tanuary 21 wee found~ mgut
cliam by at jury itn the l'nitrd State
I ti Court here. They wvere nec
a tel. howev-er. of a cha rge of eeon
aey1- to sink the steamter. C'ant
Ihann~i 1. Klattenhoff is ill and w-u
he only one of the mnen not tried.
ARE ORDERED HOME
El1 Paso. Texas.--Orders were re.
ceved here from the Southern. De
partment for all National Guard troops
in tihis dlistrict to be ein route home
by March 21. In order that they may
be miusteredi out by April 1. Orders
wore also received for the following
units to len'-- Troops B. C and D of
the First Tennessee Cavalry, to leave
March 17; Companies A and B, North
Carolina Engineers, March 13.
WLLl TAKE NEW ACTION SOON
VERY LIKELY THAT FEW DAYS
WILL BRING MOVE IN SUB
That One Will Be Called Not Later
Than May 15 Is Forecast of House
Leader Kitichin.-May Arm Ships.
Washington.-New action hv Presi
lent Wilson within the next few days
in the situat4on resulting from the
German unrestricted submarine cam
paign was forecast confidently in Ad
ministration quarters. If the f*-m >f
the action has been idetermined upon.
it was not reveal d. The possibilities
arec the arming of American i nerchant
men by the Government in spite of
(11d statutes constructed by some offi
vials to prohibit such action. the con
voying of the vessels by warships. the
imnmediate calling of an extra session
of Congress, and the placing of Amer!
ran sh!ps desiring to pass through the
(a nger z'one ulnder Government con
Reports convend to the President
'hat the prospects are excelle-nt for
prompt and favorable action on his
suggestion for a revision of the Sen
ate rules so that action Can be secu
Id on an armed neutrality res-olutioin
were believed to bring the calling of
an extra sesston nearer.
While some officials. notably tho;e
at the Stat.- Departmet:t. have ad
-vised the President that he has full
pow(r to arm merchantien withomx
, igressional action. other feel that
such a step would lie rtretching the
law. It is pointed otit. however. that
an, restriltions iurrounding the arm
I of vessel, do not apply to sup
p!ying convoys. The best judgment
of the Navy Department has been
against convoying for strategical rea
sons. but it was considered possible
that if no other way is found, this
.course mIght he adopted.
. Te:resident was understood ta
fee-l that the tying up of American
\'ssels in port cannot be allowed to
cointne much longer. He also be.
lieves that the Nation stands behind
him In ad'-ocating steps to defend
American lives and rights.
Mr. Wilson was forced to retire to
his room by a cold but previously h~
conferred with Secretary Lansing
about the German crisis and talked
wit h Senators about clotutre.
When Representative Kitchin. the
D'emotratic leader of the House. left
for home. his parting informat:on to
his colleagues wasi that an extra ses
sion of! Congress would be called not
late thn te mddl ofMay. Mr".
Nlutchin made this prediction after a
tonferer;..e with Prmesidlent Wilson. al
:tough a Ca' 'aet meimber was auth'
oritv fr 'he st a'emeint that an extra
e io i utlikely h. fore "the first ,f
IRISH QUESTION STARTS
TROUBLE IN PARLIAMENT.
-Loyd-George Faces Fi.'Lt Embarrass.
ment as Premier.
I on don.- The presenitat ion bty th
Irish Natitnalitt in the House of
tommnon hia -lt ion railiig f,
'hY m:en.ie -a:ion of the ho
of th.e me s'o::> in month .
- h r e ofl :ir.r
*ep wh*v - -: d with th. Goven
ment' p met. ,ufferi ti
erushd he- r peed wettle hmet
WAY S CL ARE FO A~:
tptblin of~ it :he te in cuu
cered the. way fr searly modtflemet.
ture.shen~ Democrats votd unani
molee the suppor arly undrwich
debate could be limited by a two
thirds vote, and the Republicans voted
30 to 2 to support the same change.
AU STRIAN NOTE ON U-BOAT VAR
CORRESPONDENCE UPHOLDS GER
MAN UNRESTRICTED U-BOAT
Austrian Government Leaves Way
Open For Further Discussions,
Which Will Likely Sarve to Post
Washington.-Austria-s reply to the
American requer' for a clearer defini
tion of hler attitude in the submiarine
-tuation wast stated officially here t,
leave the door open for further nego
tiations. delaying. temporarily. at
least, the break which has been re
garded as inevitable since the sever
ance of relations between the Unitedi
States and Germany.
Although in substance the long com
munication upholds and defends the
unrestricted warfare waged by Ger
many. it is couched in most friendly
terms. and points out that Austrian
submarines are operating solely in
the Adriatic and 'Mediterranean Seas.
and therefore an encroachment on Am.
erican interests hardly is to be feared.
There will be a reply to this note,
and unless an overt act precipitates a
rupture. the United States probably
will not be inclined to force the issue
for the present.
The truth is that Germany is credit
edi here with trying to force Austria
to a step which that country does not
wish to take. Germany wishes. it is
pointed out, to have the ':omniplete
moral support of her Allies in ilth
submarine campaign. and is using hvr
great influence with Austria to that
Austria. therefore, is placed in the
delicate position of either sa rificing
the manifest benefits she receives
from the continuance of diplomatic
relations with this country, or of ap
lpearing not fully to support her Ally.
MODIFICATION OF RULES
OF SENATE AGREED UPON.
Would Prevent Filibusters as That
Washington-odfcaion1 of the
Senate rules urged by President Wil
son to prevent future filibusters lhke
the one that killed the armed neutral
ity bill virtually was agreed upon by
a conference committee of ten Sena
tors, five D~emocr-ats and five Republi.
cans, named by the party caucuses.
The change proposed would put the
powver in the hands of two-thirds of
the Senators present at any time to
shut off dlebate and prevent dlilatoty
The comamittee is expected to reash
an agreement on a resolution embod --
ing this proposition. which was ap
proved by the ruiles commit tee ser.
eral toonths aige. bitt which neve-r
tamet up at the :ast sessIon.
L ead ers cham n;'ivning the clha nge
e"peM 'I-c ie to receive the
niete.a y '- u c.'t en.-dorsemnent andI '.
he precented to the .enatte assoot.
as p sibe f. dertion anid av.
"1 -'nate has long
*~.-' the 'i'* onsidered fa
way : .
FOOD COST CX ~y
ST - POSSIBILITV.
f o r - h- f a iln u r e
.~>leI g t pract:
~:n~:d scic ~...-..'.t staff anld
NEWSPAPER NiAN HAS
LANDED GOOD JOB.
Washiington.- G-r L'. C~(ooksev
was sworn in as -o *it!ant to the See
retarv of the Tre,.-ury. a position re
vived In the Treasury- lepartment
after having been unoccupied mer
than a century. A salary of $6.000 a
year for the psisition was provided by
the last Congress. Mir. (Cooksey has
been private secretary to Secretary
McAdoo and previous to that was a
member of the Washington staff of the
TO ARM VESSELS
AGAINST SUBMARINES RULING OF
SECRETARY LANSING AND AT
TORNEY GEN. GREGORY.
WHAT COURSE HE WILL PURSUE
Whether to Act on This Advice or
Call Special Session of Congress Will
Be Determ!ned Soon By PresidenF.
Washington. - Secretary Lansing 11
and A'torney General Gregory have
advised President Wilson that he has
full authority to arm American mor
chant ships against illegal attacks by
It was to these two officers, the Gov
irnmenit's authority respectively on in
ternationial questions and law, that the
l'resi(lent referred the contention raiu
cC' in the Senate that old statutes en
acted to authorize merchantinelt to
n l st pirates raised an isiperable bar
to t. step he desired to take to meut
lie submarine meiince. They have re
iorted that the statutes have no ap
plicatio to th( presetit situation.
Wheth'.-r the 11P-lr'suent will act im
mhlediately inl accordaice with this op
ilioni. or will wait to call a special
session of Congress to pass a resohu
tion inmilar to that killed by a lilibui
t: during the last session was not re
V iled at this time.
In view ,f the action of the Senata
in revising its rules to prevent an
other filibuster, it was thought ill some
Administration quarters that the PT-es
idena would immediately call an extra
One problem involved Is the prob
able difficulty over the organization of
the next House because of the almost
evenly distributed balance of powe-r
between the Democrats and Republic
anis. A long drawn-out fight, such as
has marked the organization of more
than one ilouse. probably would de
lay action on the armed neutrality
<iestion. a contingency which the
'esidelnt is determined to avoid.
It is taken for grunted in all quart
ers that before Jul) M Alr. Wilson will
summon an extra session of Congress.
The only question open was whether
it will be called immediately. At lea.-t
a week's notice is considered impera
Many officials expect a decision by
lie President. either to call an extra
session immediately. or to arm Amer;
call ierchantmen on his own author
ity, before the end of another week.
REPORT MEXICO AND GERMANY
CONNECTED BY WIRELESS.
Washington - Information reachedl
the Government from a semi-official
I ource that through a powerful wire
'es telegraph plant in Mexico Citj
direct communication btween the
\le'ian Capital and Germany I
Officeial- realize that if confirmed
this news is of great importance. amil
an mnvestigation has been ordere-l.
Through connection by Mlexico Ci' y
with the land telegraphs leading into
the United States, Germany would be
able to secure complete exemption
from the c ensorship now imposedl on
Its communications by the American
Government at the wireless stations
at Sayville and Tuckerton, and by the
Briishi and French Governments in
their control of the Atlantic cables.
Far-reaching possibilities thus wyould
be opened for the violation of Am'ier!
can neutrality, or even foir menacing
the National safety in the critical situ
atlon existing. Sea raiders and sub
mar-inesc might lie dlirected and full in
format ion concerning the (departure of
s-hips from American ports furnished.
SERIOUS SPEECH ON F"OOD
SITUATION MADE TO DIET.
I ondon.--Th e Prussian food con
tr(olltr. Dr. G;eorge Mlichaells, made in
the I 'russian Diet what The K-oel.
nisn he Zeiting calls a serious spee'!1
on lhe food sit tat ion, sav- a Rleuter
d i-patchi from Amfsterdlamf. IDoctor
.\lichaelis (declar-ed that the distre s
was suah that a motre sev-ere state of
thing-. '-p ecially in the lat-ge indus
- rial lnt ers. couldl hardly be imnagi ned.
NAVY DEPARTMENT OFFI
CIALS ARE SURPRISED.
XMan'ngon.-Wor d that min fro-n
AmI, an war hi p had land..d at San
eils- whL ,.ed just referred t) the
Sta:c Ii. ar-n a requie-t .for suc h
a n. The .: -ian naval co'fn.
miander- N' br-e vd athority to take
-- - - p:- t t u ericans. As
th - -I:::'. s . ;is Gov irnment recog
tize- 0:.17 !h. Mlenocal Governmen*.
he tro~ubie a- Santiango presents a di f
AGAINST FOREIGN LOANS.
Washington.--Ir a statement re
iterating that its "-arning to AmerIcan
banks not to inv-est too heavily In for
eign securities had been misunder.
stood, the Federal Reserve Board said
It regardled the placing of foriegn
loans as a natuaal and proper means
of settling trade balances, and gave
notice that the country's gold reserve
now "has been materially strengthen
ed and supplies a broad basis for addl
It is imperative that
THE STOMACH NORMAL
THE BOWELS REGULAR
AND THE LIVER ACTIVE
'0UGHonRATS1 i E ;nu1
ltoger W'illh:eas waslte fo'under of
the statei f Itel hn. il e was
born) In L(111(146n ill eiter14tor 1005.
l( ie lisel to .41i 111he cotnu rr e;ation it
liion because tlei lcen iitu w uld not
Ialnke. plie ( <ljtit lehara-1 tion i t I rI e
Iet- nc I fo311 141r ha.vNinIIg beien-1 inl 4-4.11noun1ion
with the t'hurebl 4of1, 1-:1igse iln1 l'.anished
friltn the1 11.1eus ts iy 4co4II l ln Vn
1-',. Il escapied tli the slieirv- o' Nier
r*31-ia se'tt l aey, n1(.4'l'iellu ivel b' 1y : few
of the :eefhieIreniI ts of the' e xtr ineIv purl
titiitii wIihih lie advien 1 t : he lP l r
ch1:s'd hInd ' the l In ia. s I .ial foul(
ed the city fIll Providenefe inl 1(30.
SOOTHES ITCHING SCALPS *
And Prevents Falling Hair Do Cuticura
Soap and Ointment.
On retiring, gently rub spots of dan
druff and itching with Cuticura Oint
ment. Next morning shampoo with
Cuticura Soap and hot water using
plenty of Soap. Cultivate the use of
Cuticura Soap and Ointment for every
day toilet purposes.
Free sample each by mail with Book.
Address rosteard, Cuticura. Dept. L,
Boston. Sold everywhere.-Adv.
"\\i'hy ar... o )'il So strorn : :'ilr prl
"\\'ell ... repllil-d Vnle lDill L tlt .
"it (oniltry is a1 golold delal like un in
dividual. After havin' had liquor wvith
out hlmit filr a porit'd l .f ..:,S. jIt*
a igihty ;:itid thii: to .. w'ithoult
for awhile.'-\\'aehington S.r.
Whtt Dr. R. D. Pattersor-in. ,f L;b
erty. N. '.. says:
ABOU*T MOTHER'S JOY SALVE.
My buy had pulielUlila. his tlempera
ture was 104. Hd1 ti ed lther salves,
didn't have any etfect. Ued jar of
Mother's Joy Salve on throat and
chest, in one hour's time his tempera.
ture wvas normnal.-Adv-.
A1 lhlilosopherl~i gainis renowln b~y en
dutrinig olther' Ipelel's troui,.'' withI res
Wrights Indian Vegetable Pill. contaim
Bothing but vegetable ingredienta. which act
gently as a tonic and purgative by atimu
lation and not by irritation. Adv.
Bergen. Norway. is to have a schooel
for chut T eursi'.
That Knife-Like Pain
H~ave you a lame back, aching day
and night? Do you feel sharp pains
after stooping? Are the kidneys
sore? Is their actio~n irregular? Do
yo~u have headlaches, backaches,
rheumatic pains-feel tired, nerv
ous, all worn-out? Use Donn's KId
ney Pills--the medicine recomn
mende(ld by so many pleoprle inl this
lecality. Rlead the expe'rience that
A South Carolina Case
S S. Fnterp::se S-, Ptt?
tU n I o nl , S. C., t* A ltse
mnation of the I bld- t
dier anad my kidney-~s
were in au' : shape.
The pains in my
lack were t-srrific.
The doctor said I
had gravel and dur
ing one at-aeck. four
physleians s a up
with me all night;
they thmnght I was
ii nc to die. I fin
lIC:1 ne l'ls a v
w''son r invec I conrum:. idard the
Get Doan's at A ny Store, 50c a Box
D OA N 'S ' DNLlCY
FOSTER.MLnUN CO.. BUFFALO. N. Y.
$6 .L A MEN ESS
from a Bone .<.vin, Ring Bone,
Splinlt, Curb. Side Bone. or simeilar
trouble and gets1. lroe going sound.
It acts mild!:, au quickly and good re
mults are lasting D~oes not blister
or remnove the hair arnd horse can
he worked. Page 17 in pamphlet with
each bottle tells how. $2.00 a bottle
delivered. Horse Book 9 M free.
ABSORBINE, JR., the antiseptic liniment
for mankind, reduces Painful Swellings En
larged Ghandfs,Wiens, Bruises, Varicose e'.ins;
heals Sores. Allays Pain. Will tell you
more if you write. $1 and $2 a bottle at
dealers or duetered. I.lberal trial bottle for t~e stamps.
W. F.YOUNO. P. D. F.. 3!O TempeSt..Sprtnfile, Ms.
Tul t's Pills
usable the dyspeptic te eat whatever he
wishes. TIhey cause the feed to assimanate esd
mewish the bed.tgve appetite, and