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CUBA FOLLOWS U.S1
INTO WORLD WAF
FIRST OF LATIN AMERICAN COUN.
TRIES TO JOIN WITH UNITED
FORMALLY DECLAR[S NR
Vote Was . -animous.-WIld Cheer
Ing Follows Speeches of Leaders in
House.-Her Duty to Follow Us.
JI ava na.- (uba. not yet o(it of her
'feens as a Hepibli., is at wvar witi
Gerntainy. the first of the Liti n-.\m r
lvanl voltotrir- - to raitne l-s lfao g
side of the I'jitud States heri liberawr
Pr.'e:idint I'lnocal affixed his ia
tl r to tihe joint ri'siolition l a .
animoiusly' by- hug h thi S''-nate n.
louse without a dli-sitin vii.
Ing rtise(d, th s tlig inii o liuo ft h
declaratitio lhi 1 a lstlr of war . ,
be(tweenl Cnha and14 ljhf im1pr rial ;:
Thll jointconnife. appointed1 h1v
theSente111(1ins agree"Id up1tio
the piraspology of 1the reisoloblian to ll
Peirs'intIed and hI hi stagi' Was sot 1i'
(nlletk lc tion before iith r brait h i
"Arliele I -liesolve. thit fr m In.
day a state of war is foImaIllyi (Ie.
clared let weeni tihe Itepublic of 'Iu ba
and ft(,he I m perilI Government of Ger.
many. and the Pres iden t of fthe Ite.
public is anat horized anld directerd bv
this Ie.Solut ion to ('m1ploy 11 all the
forces of Ihe Nation an1d tlie r'esources
of our G rnieit to make war
against li mperial (;erman Gov.
i-anment wit hi iuih ohi'irt of maintain.
I ng oulr righIs: gu udiIg our I erri.
torly and Ilprovidinlig for (u'r security;
ii'evint any acts which may be at.
fe iip1(Vti agaistt is, ald (I defenttd the
nai1galion of the seas. tlie liberty of
('omlerce an thlie riglts of ieneutrals
and inferna tional junstice.
"Article 2.-- -The plrpsidenit of the
TiepublicI is hereby ailt horibed to use
all 11hv land and naval forces in the
fom he tiua y odeen necessary, using
existing forces, reorganaizi ng thein or
r'eatiig ne0w 011e, iand to dispose of
tle (ec'lolnmic forces of the Nation in
any way he may deei necessary.
"Article 3.-The Presidlent will give
account to Congress of the meamures,
adopted in fullliiment of t1his law.
which will be in ope.ratioin from the ,
moment of its publication in the of
Chief Inspector of the Port Panne
notified l'isebio Azjiazu, Secretary to
the President, that he had observed
large volumes of smoke pouring from
the funnel of the self-luterned German
ship Bavaria. Port police went aboard
the ship and were informed by he'
commander, Captain Graafles, that he,
in compliance with orders from his
Government, had attempted to damage
the machinery in order to render the
PRESIDENT SENDS REPLY
TO POINCARE'S MESSAGE.
Washingte 3.--ln rense to Presl
dent P'oinea' congratulations upon
the entrance of the United States Into
the war, PresIdent WVilsoni sent this
"In this trying houir whencu the desti
nlies of civilizedl mankind are in the
balance, it has boen a source of grati
flcation and joy to me to receive your
c'ongratulations upon01 tho step which
my country has beent c'onstrainedl to
take in opiposition to the relentless po1
icy andi !ours'e of imperalistie Ger-~
"It Is very delightful to us that
France, wvho stood shouldei' to shoulder
with uts of the Westerni woild in our1
st ruggle for independence, shouldl now
give us such a wel'omie into the lists
of battle as upholders of' the freedom
andi rights of' hinnaimnily.
''We st anil as paritnerts of thle noble
democrac'i's, whose alms and actl
'-'I ~ make for the perpetuatIon of thle ri 'htIs
anad fr'eedomt0 oft man amnd for' thle safe
guarin g of thle tru10 pii 'ples of lhu
mani liberties. in the name of the
Amnericani pieoplo I salute yOit til nd ourt
DlEPTROYED BY FIRE.
Jacksonville. Fla.-Gne of the Now
York piers of the Clyde Linp Steam
ghip Company was deostroyed by fire
*hero. A secondi pier' was damilaged, and
a lighter laden with rosen and consid
erable freight wvas burned. The steam
or Huron, lying in the slIp, was mov
ed to safety. 'rho orIgIn of the fire wasi
unkonwn. The loss was estimated by
company officials at $150O.000. The
blaze was discovered in a corner of
the pier warehouse.
ORATIF.YING .REPOR TS ON
Washington.. - Gratifying reports
have been made to the Depar'tment of
Justice from its agents in all parts of
the country .pn the behavior of Gem
mnans, and Gern~ian-Americans. following
-the decelarati on of a state of war be
tweon thie two nations. W#hile about
100 special arrests have been ordered
and othiers are expected, Attorney Gen
oral Gregory said that so far the it,
uet9en is very encouraging.
GERMAN SHIPS ARE
TAKEN OVER BY U.S.
TO BE REPAIRED AT EARLIEST
POSSIBLE MOiENT BY
WILL TRANSPORT SOLDIERS
At' Ships Will Have to Be Dry Docked
Before They Can Be Made Sea
worthy.-Will Be Ready For Ser
vice in Three Months.
Washi ng(ol.-While a final decis.
ioll has not beo nreached, idlications
after the (Cabhi net meeting Were h a
a hundred German Inerchalit
ssel takeni over in differenot pol.t
will )e regarded vs the property of
'he Americanl Government an1d pail
.r ofter the war.
The vessels ihd lup in Am eri can
.arbors for safety at the outhreak of
'hu war in Eul'rope were all -eized
imidiately after the liouse's IN1a
';W it "llhe lr112 resolitioll. The orews
wvill ht. remloved to immiigrationl deten.
':Il 'tations. there to he treated as
alies admissible to the cointry iI' able
to I'ass the ordinary iminigratioll Iosts.
The fact that maniiy ire naval reser
lists will not serve to kar tIlemii.
There were indieations'that damage
lone to the ships by their crews when
relations between the lniited. States
rind Germany were brokei will be
repalred as early as possible and the
4hips put into the transatlantic trade
to transport supplies to the Allies.
The total tonnage could not be built
in American yards in less than a year
Itnd some of the larger ships. notabbly
the Vaterland. Could not be produced
i the United States In several years.
All of the ships will have to be (ry
locke-1 before they Canl he made ea
wortiy. The great Vaterland. with a
tonnage of 54,000. Is too large to enter
;ny of the American .rydocks and
iVll have to be towed to ialbIoa to be
Officials said an "intelligent use"
would be made of the vessels and they
'ither could be used as Naval auxil
iarles or as merchant ships. Most of
them would make excellent troops
tiansports. F'ourteen of the largest
and swiftest could carry 40.000 troops.
wl ich is twice as many as could be
transported by the entire available
American merchant fleet.
PROCLAMATION OF WAR IS
ISSUED BY PRESIDENT WILSON
United States Formally Abandons
Neutrality And Enters Great War.
Washington.-The United States ac
cepted Germany's challenge to war
and formally abandoned its place as
the greatest neutral of a world in
President Wilson at 1:18 (off'icial
time) o'clock Friday afternoon signed
the resolution of Congress declaring
the existence of a state of war and
author7iing and dilrectling the ChIef
Executive to employ all the resources
of the nation to prosecute hostititles
against the German government to a
successful t erminlation.
The net waIs done1 without ceremony
and only in the presence of the mem
hers of the l'resident's famIly. WVordl
wvar flashed Immediately to all Army
and Navy statIons and~ to vessels at
fly Proclamat Ion the Presidenlt au
nonnelied thle state of wvar, called uipon
a1 'll Oiis to) milfest '1heir loyalty
anhd aissu red Germians In tils country'3
(hat they woulld lie unmliolested as lonig
as they behaved thiemuselves. Orders~
were issued soon afterwvard for the
arrest ofi 60 ring leaders iln Germlian
plots and~ in t rigues.
C'ompiete nmohilization of the navy,
callIng all reserves and mIlitia to the
(cohors wais ordered by Secret ary Dan
lois. Th'le War Diepartmient, aliread y
h1aving t akenl i vtal ly every sI op
cont emaplated hefore thle raisIng of a
real wa(r arlmy is auithlorIz/ed, waited
TPhe C ongress went ovIer' all of t he
gleat lpreparat oil meastures with thle
('abhInot. discussinog what hams heen
accOmp lllihed an(Id dwelin1g, It Is un.l
d orstood1.u1poii a rr'angemevts for co
opierait ion with th le 10nlltento Alliles
agaiist the ('llcimo ene01my.
ORDERS TO ARREST ALL
OF GERMAN CONSPIRATORS.
Washiington.--The arrest of 60 alleg
6d ring leaders In German plots, con
.spiricies andl machhlnations In the UnIt
ed States was ordlered by Attorney
General Gregory ImmedIately after
President WVironi had sIgned the war
resolution. Every man whose arrest
was ordered Is a German citIzen and
is to have partIcIpated actIvely in
German intrigues In this country, and
Is regarded as a dangerous person to
be at large.
METHOD OF RAISING MONEY.
Washing'on.-Methods of financIng
the war with Germany andi of extend
lng hiuge loans to the Allies constItut
ed one of the chief subjects consider
edI at the Cabinet meeting. Indica
tions are that the first year's demands
uipon1 the finan' lal resources . of the
counltry will run far in excess of the
$3,500,000,000 already asked of Con
gross ando may approximate $6,000,
000.000. Bends already authrized also
RESOLUTION PASSES SENATE
DECLARES THAT STATE OF WAR
EXISTS BETWEEN GERMANY
AND U. S.
Passage of Resolution Marked By No
Outburst From Gallarles While on
the Floor Senators Were Grave and
Quiet.-Vote 82 to 6.
Washi''gton.--The resolution declar
ing that a state of war exists between
the United States and Germany was
Passed in the Senate by an over
akv-eilming majority. The vote was 82
Senators who cast the negative
Gronna, North Dakota; La Follette,
Wisconsin; Norris. Nebraska; Lane,
Oregon; Stone, Missouri, and Varda
The resolution, drafted after con
sultation with the State Department
and already accepted by the House
Committee, says that state of war
thrust upon the United States by Ger
man/ is formally declared, and directs
the President to employ the entire
military and naval forces and the re
sources of the Government to carry
on war and bring it to a successful
Action in the 'enate came just aftet
II o'clock at the close of a debatE
that had lasted continuously since 1(
o'clock in the morning. The climai
was reached late in the afternoor
when Sienator John Sharp Williams de
nounced a speech by Senator La Fol
lete as more worthy of Herr vol
Betl mann-lollweg than of an Amerl
'lhe passage of the resolution wai
not marked by any outburst from th
galleries and on the floor' the Sona
tars themselves were unusually gravy
and quiet. Many of them answere<
to their names in voices that qiuiver
ed with emotion.
All six of the Senators who votes
against the resolution wvere member
of the group of 12 which dlefeatei
he armed neutrality bill at the las
session. There was no attempt to flli
buster this time, however, and mos
of the 12 hours of debate was con
sumedl by champions of the resolt
tin. Of the other six opponents a
armed neutrality, Senators Cumminm
IKenyon and Kirby voted for- the resc
lution. Senators O'Gor-man, Clapp ani
\Vorks, the remaining three, retirei
jto private life at the end of the las
1session. The vote was:
I For the Resolution.
1)emnocratis -- Ashurst, fleckharn
'roussa rd. (hambierlain, C'ulber-son
ie leier, Gerry, IHardwick, Hlitchcoelhi
lin ghes. liust ing, .James, Jlohinson
Sonth l)akota; Jonles, New iAlexico
Kenduurick, King, Kirby, Lewis, Alc~el
lar. \iartini, Aleyers, Overnman, Oweii
l I'holana. Pitt ma n, P'omeriene, iR"nsdieli
It eed . hiobinson, Sani sbury, Sihafrot h
Shieppa rd, Sh ield s, Silmens, Smni th
A rizonma; Smith, Geor'gia ; Smithi
Sonthi ( olina, Swanson, Tihomnpsn
Tr'manmmen, Unde(Irwood, Walsh, Wil
liai ms- --43.
Republicans--Bor-ah, Brady, Biran
dlegee, Calder, Colt, Cummnins, Curtis
Dillinghamm, Fall, Fernald, France
Frelinghuysen, Gallinger, Halo, Hard
ing, Johnson, California; Jones
Washington; Kellog, Kenyon, Knox
Ledge, McCumber, McLean, Nelson
New, Page, Penrose, Poindexter, Sher
man, Smith, Michigan; Smott, Steri
ing, Sutherland, Townsend, Wads
worth, Warren, Watson, Weeks, Wol
Total for the resolution, 82.
Against the Resolution.
Deomocrats--Lane, Stone, Var-daman
Reopublican -- Gronna, LaFollette
Norris. Total, 3.
Total against the resolution, 6.
Absent or Palreci.
Bankhead, Goff, Gore, Hoellis, New
hands, Smith, Maryland; Thomas, Till
Of those absent it was annouincedl
by various Senators that all except
Spnator (lore, of Oklahoma, would
have votedl for the resolution if pres
ent, As to Senator Gore, Senator
Reed announced that he wan ill.
Jh 1h :P'' fill
PLANS FOR AGGRESSIVE WAR
MILITARY, ECONOMIC AND FINAN
CIAL PLANS ARE WORKED
Warships of United States Will CoIs
bine With Allied Fleets in Hunt For
the Common Foe-Germany.
Washington.-War plans, military,
economic and financial, for aggressive
hostilities against Germany, were
rushed forward by the r dministrative
branch of the government, and only
await action by Congress on a war
resolution to be put into execution.
President Wilson and his cabinet
went over the war plans at a two-hour
session, and previously the National
Defense Council, with its civilian Ad
visory Commission and several sub
sidiary oiganizations, developed poli
cies and details of momentous conse
quence to the nation. Meanwhile, the
War and Navy Departments were go
ing ahead with the most immediate
preparations for defense.
Already the Navy has taken steps
to insure co-operation between the
American fleet and those of the En
tente Allies to become effective upon
the formal entry of the United States
into the war.
Enlistment by selective conscription
of young men for a National Army,
in addition to the regular establish
ment and National Guard in incre
ments of 500,000 until enough have
been trained to make certain the de
fcat of Germany;
Organization of the Nation's com
mercial interests for economical and
effective distribution of commodities
among the civilian population;
Rapid provision of adequate means
of combatt'ng the submarine menace;
The raising of a very large sum of
money as much as possible to be ob
tained by taxation and the definite
amount of the first budget not to be
fixed until the exact needs of the
Army and Navy and of the Entente
- Purchase of supplies rLnd equipment
t of all kinds for the Army under a
- provision of law which allows the See
. retary of War to flx a "reasonable
fprice" and division of the young men
-of the country into service classes.
- those neceded mor-e in industries than
I in the Army or Ijavy to receive in
I signia showving they are Per-forming
t duy equivalent to fighting.
Most of these plans will require the
author-i-zationi of Congress, but from
opin ions expr-essed~ at the Capitol it
' is bolinoved that once the war resolu
' tions is adlopted, further legislation to
'I ent)ever the legislative brtanc-h to go
full speed ahead will follow quickly,
There is5. every inidication that the Na
50on, thirough its representatives, will
follow out P'reside~nt WVilson's words
t o ('ohngress and "exert all its power
-a rd employ all Its resources to bing
th le Goversnment of the German Enm
hire to term-is and endi the war-."
WOMAN POWER OF NATION
IS RAPIDLY MOBILIZING,
Washington. - Rlapid progress in
mnobilizing the "woman power" of the
countr-y for war 'service was reported
hero at the first general conference
- of the National League for Woman's
- Service, The services of the league
, were pledged to President Wilson, and
the conference issued a call to worn-n
not only to enroll to take the places
of men in war time, but to encourage
men to enlist in the Army and Navy.
PACIFISTS HAVE CEASED
TO HOLD ANY HOPE.
Washington.-Most of the pacifists
who came to WVashington under the
guidanceo of thec Emergency Peace Fed
eration to protest against war had re
turned to their homes convinced that
their efforts wereo useless. Incoming
trains, broughst in more "pilgrims of
patriotism." Several delegations - ar
rivedI from cities in the Middle West
and promptly went to the Capitol to
Iurge - their Senators and Representi
tives to stand behind the President,
ADOPTED BY OVERWHELMING
MAJORITY AFTER ALL NIGHT
MANY STIRRING SPEECHES
There Was No Attempt to Filibuster
Although Debate Continued Through
17 Hours Before Vote Was Had.
Washington.-The resolution declar.
ing that a state of war exists between
the United States and Germany, al
ready passed by the Senate, passed
the House at 3 o'clock in the morning
by a vote of 373 to 50.
Without roll calls, the House reject
eni all amendments, including propos
als to prohilst the sending of any
troops overseas without Congressional
President Wilson will sign the reso
lution as soon as Vice President Mar
shall has attached his signature in the
Senate. It formally accepts the -state
of belligerency forced by German ag
gressions and authorizes and directs
the President to employ the military
and naval forces and all the resources
of the Nation to bring war against
Germany to a successful termination.
Passage of the resolution followed
17 hours of debate. There was no at
tempt to filibuster, but the pacifist
group. under the leadership of Demo
cratic Leader Kitchin, prolonged the
discussion with impassiored speeches,
declaring conscience would not permit
them to support the President's recom
mendation that a state of war be de
Miss Rankin, of Montana, the only
woman member of Congress, sat
through the first roll call, with bowed
head, failing to answer to her name,
twice called by the clerk. On the sec
ond roll call she rose and said in a
"I want to stand by my President,
but I cannot-vote for war." For a
moment th'n she remained standing,
supporting herself against a desk and
as cries of "vote, vote," came from
several parts of the House, she sank I
back into her seat without voting
audibly. She was recorded in the
The 50 members who voted against
the resolution were:
Almon, Bacon, Britten, Browne, Bur
nett, Cary, Church, Connolly, of Kan
sas; Cooper, of Wisconsin; Davidson.
Davis, Decker, Dill, Dillon, Dominick,
Esch, Frear, Fuller, of Illinois; Haug
en, Hayes, Hensley, Hillard, Hull, of
Iowa; Igoe, Johnson, of South Dakota;
Keating, King, Kinkaid, Kitchin, Knut
son, LaFollette, Little, London, Lun
deen, MeLamore, Mason, Nelson, Ran
dall, Rankin, Reavis. Roberts, Roden
burg. Shackleford, Sherwood, Sloan,
Stafford, Vandyke, Voigt, Wheeler
Woods, of Iowa.
SHIP IS SENT DOWN
Missourlan is-Torpedoed by Submarine
New York.-The American steam
ship Missourian, owned by the Ameri
can-Hawaiian Steamship Company,
which sailed from Geona April 4, has
been sunk without warning by a Ger
man submarine, according to advices
reaching the owners. There were 32
Americans in her crew, all of whom
were saved. The Missourian carried
a general cargo -and was unarmed.
News of the sinking of the Belgian
relict ship Feistein in the North Sea
was contained in a cablegram received
here by the Zelgian Relict Commis
FOR WAR ARE REVEALED
Washington.-The vast scope of the
administration's plans for a war army
and navy were revealed after a mill
lary budget of $3,400,000,000 had been
submittedl to Congress. In broad terms
it is proposed to quadruple the enlist
ed st rength of the navy and to have in
service wvithin a yearn an army of a
million t rained men, including the first
to be brought to the color, by select
Bills to carry out the program are
already in the hands of the Congress
ional Military and Naval Committees.
The budget is divided so that $2,952,
000,000 goes to the army and $468,000,
00 Oto the navy. These sums are in
addition to the regular army appro
priation bill of $240,000,000 and appro
priations totalling $517,272,802 for the.
The navy's task will be to raise
the present enlisted strength of 68,700
men to 197,000 in the shortest possible
time, It is estimated that it will cost
$175,855,761 to do this.
ASBURY PARK BLOCK
WIPED OUT BY FIRE
Asbury Park, N, J.-irie that start
ed in the natatorium spread rapidly to
nearby buldings and an entire block
along thb beach front was in flames
within 30 minutes, Half a dozen
hotels were burning and fire depart
ments from surroundhing towns had
been summoned, The entire block of
buildings bounded by First and Sece
and avenues, Ocean avenue and Kings
ley street was destroyed by flamtnes
fanned by a strong wind.
and do not allow weakness
to develop in the stomach,
liver or bowels
Should you require assis
tance at any time -TRY
"liirds of a feather flock together."
"Yes, I've often notlced that swal
lows generailly go along with lr'
Gently cleanse your liver an
sluggish bowels while
Get a 10-cent box.
Sick headache, biliousness, disi
ness, coated tongue, foul taste and foto
breath-always trace them to torpl.
liver; delayed, fermenting food in tbe
bowels or sour, gassy stomach.
Poisonous matter clogged in the il,
testines, instead of being cast otl
of the system is re-absorbed into tb
blood. When this poison reaches tb
delicate brain tissue it causes cor,
gestion and that dull, throbbing, sic
Cascarets immediately cleanse t1t
stomach, remove the sour, undigeste..
food and foul gases, take the excet
bile from the liver and carry out a7
the constipated waste matter an'
poisons in the bowels.
A Cascaret to-night will surells
straighten you out by morning. 'The
work while you sleep-a 10-cent b(
from your druggist means your hes
clear, stomach sweet and your liv.
and bowels regular for months. Ad.
Rats and Fires.
At a time when everyone is coir
plaining of the high cost of living
might be well to see if we cannot elii.
Inate two great sources of waste-fir
Most fires are needless. All ra
are so. Some years ago a study of t
rat problem in Philadelphla arrived
the conclitsion that tle rodents (f th
city ate more than a million dollat
worth of food each year. At that rau
the disgusting creatures can hard
cost less than $100,000,000 per ye
to the whole country. This is a pr.
ty high price to paty for the compa
lonship of impish Pests which, besid
their other had habits, undiermi -
floors and carry the most dreaded
all diseases, bubonic plague.
Yet fires are mnore expensive thi
rats. In 1915--the last year for whim
figures are at hand-the America
people paid cut In premiums for fi
insurance $410,361,340. Of this vaI.
sum at least three-fourths could
saved by reduelnig ouri fire recordi
the rate prevailing in Erigland, Fran
or Germany ; and even in our time a
nation 3300,000,000 -per year is a st
ing worth noting, and one whi
would hav-e a perceptible effect on t
cost of living.
lioods in 1910 (aulsed( losses in t.
United Stuates :aggregathing $21,000.00
l'lad'elpiii -will tis' ye'ar spe.
$C0000.000o Im nprov.et ciy atre-tets.
contains the rich r
in wheat and
Its rnission is
~', therefore clear
~j ordinary food
And it does its
work in a
way, as tensg
of its users
There's*9 a Reason"