Newspaper Page Text
Adopts Joint Resolution That P
of the Belligerents-Six Sena
After Hot Debate-Gre
Text of. the joint resolution
adopted by congress, declaring
a state of war betwe'n the
United States and Germany:
"Whereas, The imperial Ger
man governAment has committed
repeated acts of war against the
government and the people of
the United States of America;
therefore, be it
"Resolved, by the senate and
house of representatives of the
United States of America in
congress assembled, That the
state of war between the Unit
ed States and the imperial Ger
man government which has thus
been thrust upon the United
Stutes is hereby formally de
-clared; and that the president
be, andl he is hereby, authorized
and directed to employ the en
tire naval and military forces of
the United States and the re
sources of the government to
"arry on war against the impe.
rial German govcrnment; and
to bring the conflict to a sue
eessful termination, all of the
resources of the country are
lereby pledged by the congress
ofi the United States.''
)1 Washington, April 6.-The United
States is now formally enlisted among
the belligerents in the great war, for
congress has adopted the resolution
dectaring a state of war between this
country and Geomany, brought on by
the imperial government's repeated
The senate was the first to act on
the war resolution and adopted it by a
vote of 82 to 0. The six senators who
voizid against the resolution for war
ASLE J. GRONNA, Republican,
HARRY LANE, Democrat, Oregon.
R. M. LA FOLLETTE, Republican,
G. W. NORRIS, Republican, Ne
WILLIAM J. STONE, Democrat,
J. K. VARDAMAN, Democrat, Mis
There were eight senators absent or
paired. They we're: Bankhead, Goff,
(ore. Hollis, Newlands, Smith of
Maryland, Thomas, and Tillman. Of
those absent it -was announced that all
except Senator Gore of Oklahoma
against the resolution were members
would have voted for the resolution if
All six of the senators who voted
agaInst the resolution were mnembers
of the group of twelve which de
teated the armed neutrality bill1 at the
last session. There wvas no attempt
to fiibuster this time, however.
Thirteen Hour Debate.
Thirteen hours of heated debate
preceded the vote. Party lines dis
appeared in this discussion and Repub
licans joined wvith Democrats in sound
ing the call to the nation to support
the president unitedly.
eThe little group opposed to the reso
.lution drew fire from every side. Sen
ator La Foliette, defending Germany
and heaping blame upon England, was
informed by Senator Williams that Dr.
von Bethamann-Hollweg, the German
4hancellor, would have made the same
speech in tihe reichstag had he been
Imbued with sufficient effrontery.
Senator Norris, charging that the
United States is going to war at the
behest of the munition barons of Wall
utreet, drew from Senator Reed the re
tort that such anm accusation is "al
The assertion that the po~tion was go
tog to war on the demand of gold, he
said, was "an indictament of the presi
dent --of the United States, an indiet
ment of congress, of the Ameriean peo
ple. and of time truth."
"The~ president is not calling Amer
Ica to arms for tihe sake of a few
paltry dollars," Senator Iteed contin
ued. "but for the life, honor, and in
tegrity of this 'country."
introduced by Hitchcock.
In introducing the resolution into
the senate, Senator Hitchcock mado a
brief statemenut in which he said that
the present time was one "for- actonm;
."T1he time for discussion hmas
passed," he said. "Tme presidlent lhas
tated clearly, effectiveiy, more con
elusively the reasons which make this
grave step necessary. The resolution
provides for war against the imperial
German gover'nment. Jt places re
* sponsibility for the war squarely upon
Villa to Be "Neutral."
El Paso, TPex., April 0.-Villia will
be an 'incorruiptible neutral" in thme
event of wair between the United
States and Ger'many, it was announced
by leaders of time Villa juinta here, after
the arrivt.l of a courier with this mies
gage dit-ect fromn Villa's camp In Mex
ico.- Villa wants Mexico to avoid any
entangling .allIances. He is expected
to make a statement defining his atti
tude, which wdl be sent out by mes
senger as soon as news of war reaches
I STATE OF -
U. S. AND GERMANY
laces This Country In the Ranks
ors Vote Against Measure
at Majority in the House
the shoulders of the German govern
ment, Charged with repeated acts ot
war against the United States.
"We want nto more territory. We
will demand no indemnity. We have
no grudge to settle, nor racial anti- i
pathy. We will spend our treasure
and our blood and. sacrifice our lives
without the thought of gain. We are
going to war to vindicate our honor
and Independence as a great nation
and in defense of humanty.
"Such quarrel as we have with Ger
many is not of our choosing. It was
forced upon us and we did much to
avoid it. For nearly three years the
president, congress, and the American
people have hoped to avoid it. But
one desperate act by the imperial Ger
man government has followed an
German .Pledges Broken.
Senator flitchcock was followed by
Senator Swanson of Virginia, who said
tile German goveranment "ias .repeat
edly and grossly violated its treaty ob
ligationis to us, and wantonly broken
solemti assurances." -
"The issue is not peace or war," Seni
ator Swanson continued. "War has al
ready been declared upon us. The is
sue is whether we shall accept war or
abject and cowardly submission."
Reciting the sinking of American
sii[ps, German plots, and outrage. in
this country, Senator Swanson said the
ZInimermann plot to incite Mexico
against this country "reaches the low
est depths of national turpitude."
Many other senators took part in the
debate, Gronna, Stone, Vardaman,
Norris and Lalollette. all opposing the
Senator stoot umande tie last speech
-a short prayer that God would
"hasiteni the (ay when liberty will be
enjoyed by all the peoples of the
The roll call was taken while the
senators and speetators sat solemn. A
few cheers greeted the result and then
all filed quietly oit of the chamber.
House Vote, 373 to 50.
The house. after a debate lasting
about seventeen hours, adopted the
joint resolution by a vote of 373 to 50.
Nearly it hundred representatives made
In oferiing the senate resolution as
a substitute for Its own, the house for
eign affairs comiittee' submitted a
long report revieiig the history of
submini-ice warfare and America's fu
tile protests against it. German in
trigues and bonih plots in this country,
the effort to ailly .Japan and..Mexico
against the United States and the mis
treatment of Anerleai" offielias and
citizens in .ierimainy.
"It is with -the deepest sense of re
sponslibility for the momentous results
whlich will follow the passage of this
r-esointion," said the report, "that your
comimittee reports it to the house, wvith
the recommilendaltion that it beC passed.
"~'Te conduct of the imipeial (Ger
mana governmuent toward this govern
ment, Its citizens ianld its interests, lss
been so discourteous, unjutst, cruel,
barbar-ous, and so lacking .in honesty
and practIce that it has constituted a
violation of the course of conduct
which shld~~ obtain bet~veen friendly!
"Inl adtditioni to this the Gherman gov
ernent is actually making war upon
the people and commerce of this coun
tr-y, and leaves noe course open to this
government but to accept its gage of
battie'and dec.lar'e that a state of war
Flood Opens the Debate.
Under- the unanimous consent rule
by which tihe resolution was considered
lIepresentaitive Flood couhld move the
previous question at any time after one
hour anti, if sustalined, br-lng thle meas
ure to a vote.~ He was disposeli, how
ever, to gIve mlembier-s every op~portu
nity to speak throughout the day. Tile
debate. began wilhut any limitation.
"Wau- is being madte uponi ouir coun
try and4 is peotple." RtItersetaut~tive
Flood0( saidt in opeing. "Our ships are
being sunk. Our noncomibatant citi
zenls, ltucluinlg men, womien and( chal
dren, aie being murdered, our mler:
chantmien are denied the freedom of
the seas. Trhere is no choice as to our
course. . We are compelled by the acts
of the Glerman governmtient to enter in-.
to this iuost colossal war.
"WVe should take ouir stand by the
side oIf the allied nations whlo have
been fightinug humnanilty's battles for
two and1( one-hial f years, determinIedl
that oneii power shall be so employed
thlat comliete Vlctory shall crown their
efforts and that P'russh~in militarism
shall lbe crusi1he4d antd the w'orld shall be
delivered fr-om thle thirealt and daniger
of thme Hohlenz.oilern dynasty."
Edison Tolls on War Devices.
Washington. Apr-il 6I.-Somewhere on
the seaboard, guared fromt prying
eyes, Thomas A. Edison and a little
group of super-inivenitors are working
hard--plotting Germany's downfall.
Just -what the brain ejuidren are
just how far they will upset all past
methods of Warfare--and just how fa
the German government will come to
fear this little group of workers, is yet
to be revealed, Other than a small
inner circle ot governmental experts
their activities arm ka-- toa.o
PARTY LEADERS ACCEPT
PDESIDENT WILSON'S PLAN.
policy, outlined in his address to
Congress, of paying Americas war
bill so far as posible, while the war
is being Waged, leaving a minimum
debt to posterity, was reflected in
a virtual decision by leaders in the
House and Senate to raise fifty per
cent of the first year's expenditures
Under this program Congress will
be called upon to raise war revenue
to the extent of $1,750,(00,000
through new and increased meas
ures of taxation during the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1918. This is
exclusive of the $5,000,000,000 bond
issue authorization sought of Con
gress this week. The total dentand
upon the flanancial resources 0f the
country during the first year of the
war under this -program yould be
Of the $5,000,000,000 to be raised
by a bond issue, $3,000,000,000, it
was definitely stated, would be laan
ed to the Entente Allies. The en
tire issue, House and Senate lead
ers have agreed, will bear interest
at the rate of three and a half per
cent. It is proposed to make the
loan to the Allies at this interest
rate which is lower by far than by
the rate they have been compelled
to pay on their previous isseus.
PANAMA JOINS U. S. WIL
AID IN DEFENDING CANA
Panania.---The President of the R(
public of Pa1nam in *a, Dr. Ramon Valde:
signed a proclamation cominittin
I'anamtnl unreservedly to the assistanc
of the United States in the defense o
The President also canceled the e:
Bquaturs of all the German Consuls i
The prociniation declares:
"Our indisputable duty in this trE
mendous hour of history is of a con
mon ally, whose interests and exis
mnce as well are linked indissolubl
with United States. As the situatio
ereates dangers for our country, it I
the duty of the Panaman people to ct
aperate with all the energies and ri
sources they van command for the pr<
tection of the canal and to safeguar
"Tle attitude of the people wa
foreseen and interpreted faithfully i
n resolution unanimously approved i
the National Assembly on February 2
and confirmed by later laws, and ti
moment. has arrived for the Executi
to act in accordance with the declar
tions of the supreme body. I ther
fore declare that the Paianian natic
will lend emphatic co-operation to ti
United States against enemies wI
execute o:' attempt to execute hosti
acts against the territory of the cani
or in any manner affect or tend to a
feet the common interests.
"The Government will adopt ad(
quate measures in accordance with tl1
rircumstances. I consider it the p
triotic utity of all Panaman citizens t
facilitate the military operations wIc
the forces of the United States undle
take within the limits of our countr:
L.oreigner,- resident or transient, wi
be oblige.i to submit to the 'onditionl
)f this dv(:lainttion,.
it is arnnouncedl that Germans ron
innit in Panama will be interned:
hey give ani evidence of being I,
volved in Plots.
The proclamntion was issued aft(
President Valdez had sent a messag
to President WVilson indorsing the An
3rican action in declaring a state<
~var with Germany, "after the Urnite
3tates had given unequivocal proofs c
ta love of peace anid had made efforl
LO save Western civilization from thi
orrors of war, and had borne with pm
tience a long series of provocations a
Irritatinig as they have been unjunt
HERBERT HOOVER WILL
HEAD FOOD COMMITTEI
Washilngtone--h9brbert C. Hoove
will be asked by the Council<
Mational Defense to head a nationi
somnmittee on food suppily and prict
to stimulate productilon and to pr
Vent speculative p~rices. Mr. Hoove
ad charge of the distribution of Ari
ericant supplias in Belgium.
HEAR AUSTRIA HAS DECIDED
TO BREA KRELATIONS WITH UI
London.-Passports have been pla
ed at the disp~osal of the America
10mibaissy in Vienna, according to a di
pantcht to the IExchange Telegraph Cor
pany fromi The Hague quoting tel
grams received from the Austrian cai
itah. The dispatch says that Biulgar:
and Turkey have also decided to brea
off relations with the United Statm
and that Holland will probably loc
after Austrian interests.
A RM Y BU YS 3,000,000
TRENCH BOOMS FOR TROOP:
Washington.-As plans for arir
prep~aration progress it becomes I
creasingly apparent that the Glover:
menit is looking forward actively to ti
possible necessity of placing an arni
in the trenches in Europe. It we
learned that orders had been place
for' 3,000,000 raand grenades. The B3
reau of Ordinance some time as
adopted a type of helmet, an adapt
tion of European metal helmel
weighing about fanr pnds.a
SUPT. SWEARINGENON BORROW
ING BY TRUSTEES.-LAW 18
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark the
Progress of South Carolina People,
Gathered Around the State Capital.
At the request of John E. Swearin
gen, state supler'intendent of educa
30th of March, I beg to advise that
eral, has rendered a ruling, which the
superintendent regards as important
and helpful, conc'erning school dis
trict overdrafts and school district in
"At this season of the year, when
many of the sho't term schools are 4
clouing, it is necessary for school trus- I
toes and county superintendents to
give careful attention to school ac- I
counts," Mi'. Swearingen said. "The
taxes collected during the winter of
1916-17 should be used to pay current t
Lei pensea during the sc'h1olastic, year I
of 1916-17. A small halance should
be carried forward if possible. in order
to meet incidental expenses during the
. summer as well as to pay running ex
,penses during next September and
What Dficit Means.
"A school district deficit simply
t- means that the trustees anticipate tax
collections by illegally expending in
advance the probable revenues of the
ensuing year. This abuse has been
- gradually diminishing, although it is
. still too common. The attorney gen.
i -ral's opinion will be most valuable to
y trustees and county superintendents
u by helping them to avoid the ship
a wreck that has overtaken many com
I- munities in the consequence of care
:- less and r'eckless expenditures."
i. The ruling of the attorney general's
d office follows:
"Answering your inquiry of the
30th of March. 1 beg to advise that
b y section 1006 of the civil code of
1912, the county treasurer and county
supervisor are allowed, on applica
re tion of the county board of education.
to borrow moneys during any fiscal
a- year to pay school claims of such year
not exceeding 75 per cent of the as
sessed tax which has been levied, as
IC shown by the, report of the auditor,
l ut I know of no authority authoriz
le ing the" trustees of a school district,
organized. under the general law, to
berrow money in anticipation of the
collection of taxes, and they vertainly
could not bind the district by con
tracts which would divert the taxes of
subsaquent years to payment of
claims arising out of cotracts by the
tr-ustees in prior years.
In Special Districts.
S "in a number of special districts
a the legislatur-e has fr-om time to time
passed a special act authorizing the
trustees to borr'ow money andl issue
f bonds for the pur-pose of raising funds
'' for a nar-tic'uhla prpose, but in such
eases the act authorizing the issuance
r of the bonds makes .provision for
e their r-etirement from the future taxes
-to be collected in the years named.
"Section 584 of the criminal code
Sprohibits any ('ounty officer from -is
Ssuing any certIficate or indebtedness
eother than tickets to jurors and wit
nesses for their attendance upon the
i. "It is the duty of the county su
perintendent of education to see that
the funds to pay the claims presented
to himi are in the county treasury and
available for the payment of such
''elaime. The approval of the war
r rant by the county superintendent of
education is equivalent to the drawing
of a draft. upon the funds in the treas
I uary, and suichl daft can only be drawn
SIwhen the funds ar'e there to meet it."
Ouard Favors Universal Plan.
"The associatiion adlopted a r-esolu
ilon calling uploni conigress to pass a
5aw for universal compulsory military
seravice0," said WV. W. Moorec, the adju.
tant general on his return from New
York, after attendling the annual meet
n ing oh t he National Giuar'd Association
of the United States.
-i. Other- delegates from South Caro
3. lina attendinag Ithe convention were:
a. (Coh. 1i. 11. Springs, Mlaj. II. l0. Raines,
a Maj. A. M1. iailsfor'd anad Alaj. W., Fi.
la "It iSa my per'sotna l opiiotln tha the
k National Guiard of South Car'olina wh!1
be (,alledi out at a ver'y early date,"
said the adjiutaint general.
1. New Enterprises Were Authorized.
The ('olumbia Miner Products
y companty hats been commissioned by
athe secretary of state with a capital
i- of $20,000f. The petitioners are: W.
e . Keenatn, re. 1,. Whitemore and Firank
y W. Atwood.
5 The Charleston Republic Truck com
d tpany has been commnissiorled wvith a
icapital of $1,000. Tnae petitioners are
o Edward Taylor and J, A. Patia.
- The Camden Horse, Polo and Piair
a association has bean chartered by th'e
s ecretary of state with a capital of
Education Board Meets Soon.
The state board of education will
neet in the office of the state super
ntendent, 707 National Loan and 1Ex
liange Bank building, Columbia, at 10
,. m., April 16. The spedial business
efore the board is the appointment
>t two iembers to serve from 1917 to
.919 on each of 45 county boards of
dcuation. The board will also pre
)are instructions and questions to. be
ent to the several county superia
endents of education in -conn.3ction
vith the regular spring teachers' ex,
tmination, to be held at every county
!ourt house Friday, May 4.
A number of appeals from students
lesiring free tuition in state colleges
nust be disposed of. The board will
wrobably continue in session two or
The members of the state board of
iducation are: Gov. R. I. Manning,
:lairman; State Superintendent J. E.
3wearingen, secretary; M. Rutledge
tivers, W. J. Derrick, If. N. Snyder,
D. A. Montgomery, W. L. Brooker and
rilman Pleads For Navy.
Senator Tillnan has written a com-.
nunication to the public, supporting
lie campaign for naval recruiting, as
"The president has apportioned the
itumber of recruits needed. South
'arolina is expected to furnish 800. 1
)elieve South Carolinians will main
ain the reputation of the state for
atriotismi and promptness in volun
eering and I know that South Caro.
in1a boys will prove themiselves worthy
allors, emulating the record of Com
"The navy now affords a good school
or all boys who are willing to study
lid parents need not hesitate to let
heir youngsters enlist, because the
liscipline and the opportunity to see
he world and something of life will
rove must valuable to thenv. inl the
uture. I would not hesitate to have
)me of my sons enlist in respoine to
he president's call for mien to till the
Irst line of defense."
Recruiting Ordered By Governor.
Gov. Manning sent letters to the
saptaiis of the different inifantry coM
panies in the National Guard of South
C!arolina, urging the necessity of ro
ruiting their respective coniiands up
Lo the maximun war strength provid.
ed by law. A similar letter will I
sent to othcd r officers in the National
Guard in th near future.
The letter- is partly contidential in
that in the opinion of tle governot
part of it would come under one of thi
censorship regulations, agreed upt
between newspapru and officials of thi
army, navy aid state departments o
the government. The letter in part i
"The policy of thie war departnen
in which I concur, is to have the prez
eint National Guard units recruited t
their inaximunm strength in case of
declaration of war with Germany.
therefore urge upon you the necessit.
of exerting your efforts towards re
c-ruiting your respective commands t'
the maximum war strength provided
"I think that you can obtain the
best results in recruiting by pushing
the matter while at your home ren
dezvous, for after a call is issued you
will be in mobilization camp, busy
with affairs of administration. Rao
(ruiting after mobilization is alse
more expensive than at the presetn
time. When recruits enter the Na
tional Guarid they know the offiner~s
who will be over them, while in the
nase of the volunteers the personel of
Lthe comnmissioned officers will be un.
knowvn. F'urthiermore,' the dispositioni
rf volunteer forces in active service
will not have the same amount ol
considerationi as will the National
Delegates to Road Congress.
Delegates to represenit thie Georgi&
Carolina Good Roads Congress at the
lifith annual convention of the tUnited
States Good lloada Association, In..,
to be held at Birmingham, Ala., April
17-21, have beeni appointed by 10. J1,
Watson, president of the Georgia.
D'arolina Congress and vice president
a>f the United States Good Roads as
sociationi, as follows:
Capt. J. R. Pennell, state highway
engineer, Columnbia; Rt. M. Mixson.,
WVilliston; Harry D). C'alhtount lIar i
well; WV. S. Middleton, Meriwether';
Rt. B. Dunbar, flewch Island; Thomla4
W. Davies, North Augusata; Thomuio
W. Loyless. Augusta; Ilugh Middle
ton, Augusta: W. P. Mealing. North
Augusta; C. B. Lamar, liepzibah, GC;
Jacob Phtinisy, Augusta; Warr.'n
W~alker, Augusta; Thomtas G. Batr.
rett, Jr., Augusta; L. C. ilaynes. Au.
gusta, \Villiam Schweigert. A't
gusta; N. L. Willett, Augusta; R. C
Hlerckmanns, Augusta; i~andon
Thomas, Augusta; F. C. Coleman.
Augusta; Clark Jack, Augusta; (1. WV.
Adams, Edgefleld; Theodore Stone
Aiken; George Croft, Aiken; D. 84
Hiendherson,. Aiken; Johnu D). Twige4
Augusta; James WV. Jack~ion. North
Augnatp. ; C. C. F. Hianmmond. Katht.
wood; Miss Annie W. Wright. Au
gusta; Miss Julia Moore. Augusta;
Mr's. Walther Duncant, Aikont,
Chief Appraiser From Greenvlle.
A. 11. Chiapman,. for several years
farm demtonstratiotn agenit for Green,
vylle county, has beeni appointed by
the national farm loan bard as chiel
appraiser for the Colunibia lon'd bank
Recording to F. J. H. von J!ngelkeni
president, Johnu P. Tayhoe has he
appointed appraiser or the eastern dis
triot of North Carolina. The salar3
of the chief appraiser will be $2,400
year with travelIng expenses. MEr
Chapman will have his headquartera
in Columbia and begins his dutte
Withi s, few days,
106 Fly Poison Cases
Reported in 3 Years
A Large Percentage Fatal
Appalling as this record seemo, it is
only a fraction of the r-eal number. The
symptoms of cholera infautum and ar
senical poisoning are almost identical.
Diagnosis is extremely difficult. Afany
actual fly poison cases are unrecognized
The Government recognises this danger
to childhood and issue* this warning, in
supplement No. 29 to the Public Health
"-Of other fly poison@ mentlotuod. mention,
should tnade merely for the purposeor con
demnation, of those composed or arsenic. Fatal
cases of poisoning of children through the as
of ouch compounds are far too frequent and
owing to the resembaboe of arenicai poison
SIntosummer diarrhea end cholera iafantum,
it f.bleed that the oases reported do not. by
an en.comprise the total. Arsenical By
detoigdevice, must be rated s extremnely
hdaneros. and should never de used. even it
ote esires are noteat hand.'
catches flies and embalms tihir disease
bearing bodies with a diliat-ting var
nish. It is safe, e.leientL, non-poisonous
and your protector from bot fly and
I THE O. & W. THUM COMPANY
Grand Rapids, Mich.
More to the Purpose.
"liegistert glooi' " htllowe1sd t he
Illovit director. "You lbu11k ,i iIf you
were going on a pieni."
"I don't uinderstaind youir 1nening,"
answeredPl(b O the reenl slinr. halughtily.
"I lang it! Try to look tit way peo
pi- do when tihey tre coining back
from n pienic.."
WOMEN! IT IS MAGIC!
LIFT OUT ANY CORN
Apply a few drops then lift
corns or calluses off with
Just think ! You can lift
off an11y ''corl or Callus
without .pitni or soreness.
A Cincinnati malin discov
ered - this ether compound
and unmed It freezone. Any
druggist will sell 11 tiny bot
tie. of freezone, like here
shown, for very little cost.
You apply a few drops di
rectly upon a tender corn
or callus, Instantly the
soreness. dlisatppearis, theti
shortly. you will find the
corn or cahlus so loose that
- . ou canl lift it right off.
F~reezonei is wonderful. It
f dries instanutly. It doesn't
e~ at awaiy the corn o~r cal
1, Ius, but shrivels it up with
I. out eveun Irritating the sur- -
J~l rotuding skin.
Ilardl,usoft or corns be
---pinful eiluse~s, lift rIght
off. 'lherie ls no0 pain be
fore or afterwnrds. If your druggist
hasn't freezone, tell hIm to order a
smkall bot tle for you fromt his whole
sale (rug house.-atdv..
It's not) whlat ithe plnyer does In a
basteball game., bti wht the umpil~re
Salyx, I that counts.
~~a. just as well be
young at seventy
asnold at fifty.
* Many ~opie
sulfer lame, bent,
- aching backe,and
when a little
help for the kid
neys would fix
it all up. Don't
wait for gravel,
dir o pe y o r
* to get a start.
"Use Doan's Kid
ne Pille. They
thuadyoun and old. They' are the .
mfost widely used remedy for bad backs
and weak kidneys in the whole world.
SO* at all Stores
Aie bring, infIrmities, such as suggle
bowels, week kidneys and to d liv
have a speellicefcs ngn
stimtulating the bowel., give. natural acss
and Iraparts vigor to the whole sytees.
VI.VuET.l varet 2-lag un
I ki a le