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THREE GREAT FLAGS
ROAT OER TOMB
GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE AND
UNITED STATES RAISE COL
ORS AT MT, VERNON.
VISITORS PAY HOMAGE TO
AMERICA'S GREAT SOLDIER
Eminent Gathering, Including Mem
bors of British and French War
Commission, President's Cabinet
and Members of Congress, Stand
With Bared Heads in Semi-Circle
Before Tomb of Nation's Founder.
Mount Vernon, Va.-The flags of
Great Britain, France and the Upited
States floated proidly together over
the tomb of George Washington. Be
neath them, spokesmen of the three
great democracies paid homage to
America's soldier and statesman, a.nd
pledged themselves, each to the other,
in the name of the dead, to prosecute
the present mighty struggle against
autocracy on the line he himself had
followed In bringing America into be
In groups of twos and threes, an
eminent gathering, including the mem
bers of the French and British war
commission, the President's cabinet
and members of Congress, had strdil
ed up through the sloping grounds
from the river bank until perhaps half
a hundred people stood with bared
heads in a semi-circle before the tomb.
The day which had been heavy and
threatening as the party approached on
the Mayflower, suddenly burst into
sunlight which plaged through Ithe
trees on the unifroms and faces of
Without fbrmality, Secretary Dan
oies motioned to M. Viviani, minis
ter of Justice and former president
of France, who advanced slowly into
the center. Before the tomb of Wash
ington whose efforts towards lih .rty
his own ancestors had gloriously aid
ed, M. Vivinana delivered an addIres,
in which the whole forces of his eme
tional power, deelneid by t he signili
cauce of the occasion, fought for ex
The spectators. t hoigh most of them
could not un derstand lFrench, caught
the suppressed feeling an,( fire of tie
orator and followeil his words speil
bound as they qtuilkened undler the
thrill of his imagalination.
his voice not a sotiid coul Ibo heard
As M. Viviana finiied, thie silence
became supreme with the ceneral
realization that. no applause could ex
press the emotions aroised.
Then came forward Artnur Janes
Barlfour, foreign secre tary of Great
Britain. who stonod for a moment in a
silence, a tall. (erect, kin dly figure.
Overcome with al l tha t thie situiation
meant ini the lives oif the two great
abandoned his decision not to 'speak
and( gave expressionl to a few poignant
sentenices, eviden(tl y straight from t he (
hearit. E'nglan md had hioniored W'ashi
.ington as she never had before.
"M. Viviani."' said~ air. Ilal'our', "'has
expressed in most cloqumentI words; thle a
feelings whticht grip us altlihere today.
He has not only paid a fitting tribute i
to a great stat esmatn, but h.a hast
brought our- t houghits most vividly
dow~n to th(e pr'esent. The thousands
who have given their lives-French,.
Russian. Italian, Blelgian, Serbian,
Mo1ntengerin, Roumainian. Japanese
and British wvere fighting for what
'they believed to be the cause of lib
"Thero is no0 place in the world
where a speech for the cause of l'ib
erty would be0 better placed than here
at the tomb of Washington. But as
ethat wvork ha's been so adequately
done by a1 master of oratory, perhaps
you will permit me to read a fewv
'words prepared by the British Mission
for the wreath we are to leave here
"'Dediented by the British Mission
to the immortal memory of George
Washington, soldier. stat esm an, pa
triot, who would have rejoiced to see
the country of which he was by birth
a citizen, andI the country which his
geniouis calledl lnte existence, fighting
side by side to save mankind fr'om
subjection to a military despotism.'"
Governori Stuart of Virginia spoke
as the host on Virginian soil.
"Washingtoin," he said1(, "originally
belonged to Virginia, but his priceless
mnemory has nowv iecome a common
heritage of the world. WVe consecrate
here today a str'uggle bearinig the au
preme test of the issues for which he
livedl, fought aind died."
Marshal Joffire, victoi' of the Marne
and idol of the Frmeunch people, next
camue forwvard in field mim rhat a uni
form, Simply, but earnestly, ho spoke
but two brief .sentenc'es:
"In the French army, all venerate
the name andt memory of Washington.
X respect futiy salute hem'e t ho great
soldier anmd lay upon0 his tomb the
pt m w offer ott' roldier's wholi have
died for their country."
'Two French offlIers camie forward
~with the bronze wr'eath from the
French Mission, the humbleet and the
highest niark of honor which the
Wrench Nation can accord the dead.
U S. MAKES READI
TO BREAK BLOCKDF
WILL BEND EVERY ENERGY T4
DESTROY GERMANY'S SUB
FOOD SITUATION IS SERIOU1
World Threatened With Famint
French Commissioners Say.-Mor
Ships to Fight U-Boats Will B
Marshalled in United States.
Washington.-Evidence of growin;
success of the ruthless German sul
marine blockade has forced the prot
lem of supplying the Entente quicki:
with food and other necessitie
sharply into the forefront of the Amer
ican Government's war program.
Aroused by information brought t(
this country by the British and Fr"'l
war missions, President Wilsonl a1n(
his Cabinet set about to launch witt
its full force as specedily as p)ssile1
their campaign to break down the
blockade, planned by the Administla
tion as the Nation's first physical
stroke against Germany. The foo(
problem occupied the ('abitiet mect
ing almost to the exclusli of all tho
other important war (liestions lefore
the Government. Afterward. it was
I Indicated that the recent Germiani su
marine ravages were consich-r(d s
successful that the ('nited t Ites must
marshal its resources iemediately to
put more merchant ships ini (o1il
sion, to help devise some means of
fightling submarines, and to insure a
greater yield of food tIffs to offset
t ic I nerea using destruction of food
enrgoes in he war zone. /
Members of the (Cabinet took to
the meeting a great quant ity of infor
mation given by the visiting mi'sions.
including i iea by som1e iienilw'rs Of
the French comilssion that Amneriva
mui tst act quickly if tle world is to
be saved from faiine. Receint ecla
rations in tie lritish iarliament were
revieved as sfil)PpleientiIng this evi
1e0ce. Tere was no attemtpt to (on1
cent tlte fimlpressiont that tihe food
prolihemiii had liken f) on an aspect Imak
ij it incomparbly tle mnost PlrsS
ing questioni facin : the I'nited States
in its fforts5 to ste1mI thIl, progress of
There' were hl icaitions that more
energetic measures Illiglt he expect
,I to speed up tlie work of relieving
ite food shortage in the En tente
countries. These measures, it was
predite, wouldl be the first to take
form as a result of the international
war coni ferences here.
33ERMAN LOSSES ESTIMATED
AT MORE THAN 200,000 MEN.
rench Also Capture 130 Guns, Some
of Large Calibre.
Paris-The extent of the German
asses ini the recent desperate fighting
long the Aisne is practically disclosed
1 an1 official statement on the cap
ire of 130 guns, of which a consider
hble numbier wvere of heavy caliber.
The German losses in men are esti
tatedl at more than 200,000. with the
robability that the total reached 235,
T0. These figures include killed.
'oundioed andio prisoners.
The number of German prisoners
ggregat es approximately 20,000. The
sual formula among military experts
Sto estimate tihe casualties at five
Emes the number of prisoners, but
[is five-to-one ratio has not held good
athe present case. owing to the ex
eedingly sanguintary character of
hue fighting for the mastery of the
trategic position of the Chemnindes
)anmes platoon. They held tils firmly
ot the outset,, andl when it was rested
'rem them by the French attacks, the
:iermans repeatedly broughlt up large
reserves in a desperate effort to re
GERMAN ENVOY SAID
TO HAVE LEFT BRAZIL.
Rio Janeiro-It is reported from a
good sources that the German Minis
ter and Consuls left Thursday for
Europe on board the steamer Rio
FRENCH DECLARE WORLD
FAMINE DANGER EXISTS
Washington.-The French war mis
slon has informed tile American Gov
ernent that thech things Franci
needs most from tile United States art
money, food, fertilizers, coal, steel, of
and transportation equlipment, espe
cily shlips in whioh to carry gooda
from the new to tile old world. Oni
of the foremost purposes of th,
French missin is to impress upon th
American Government and people thl
serious food situation in Europe.
WVashingt on. -- Trading-with-eneni
legislation to be asked of Congrez
by the Administration was studied I.
P'resident Wilson. It was learned
libieraul policy is contemplayed,. aii
thlat the measure wIll be much lec
restrictive- than tile British las
after wieh it is modeled. A compie
ed program will be put before i
Cabinet this week and bills probab
will be introduced by Admilnistratin
leaders before the week is over.
FRENCH OFFICIALS ARE HERE
HEADD B3Y RENE VIVIANI, PARTY
ARRIVED AT HAMPTON ROADS
Bring No Written Instructions From
French Government But Are Vested
With Full Power to Negotiate With
Fortress Monroe, Va.-France' war
commissioners to the United States
reached aYpton Roads Tuesday and
left at once for Washingt on board
the presidential yacht Mayflower.
The mission of which Rene Vivianr,
Vice Premier and Minister of Jus
tice, is the official head, and Marshal
Joffre, a member ,brings nO writtear
instructions from the French Govern
ment, the ministry having decided t<
give its members unlimited powers t<
negotiate with the United States or
all subjects, military, naval and finan
It is prepared to discuss the send
ing of an American expeditionarl
force to France. Marshal Joffre ant
other military members will indicati
to the American officials with whon
they are to , onfer. several importan
t military reasons which they considei
a rendlers the sendling of such a forci
s advisable. The most Important o
these reasons is found in the mora
e affect to be had from the presence o
e American troops and the Americal
t flag on the battleflelds of France.
S The French idea of an Americal
expedition calls for a fighting fore
supported by auxiliary services, sue:
a as railway staffs, railway materia
r- base repair shops, telegraph andl teli
n phone lines, automobile transport an
d a strong aviation secticon.
n Mr. Viviani, as official head of tb
y commission, during his stay at Hamj
n ton Roads gave the following statl
e ment to .a staff corespondent of til
e Associated Press, who accompanie
the mission from France.
d "Every American will understar
d that in deference to the illustriot
it President of the United States who
b. I am going to sea very soon I reser1
lo first word for him. I will have c
le casion to see you again and tell t1
American Nation, through you, in
id more complete manner the emotto1
w with which the representative
1l France greet in the name of the
country, the first democracy of tl
to world, with which France shares t1
ut same idecals.
ne GRANT $200,000,000 LOAN
nTO PRITISH GOVERNMEN
rd Washington, - The United Stat
nt will lend Great Britan $200,000,0
ib. at once, as the first loan to any of t
Ente'nte Governments under the $
pt. 000,000 war finance law signed
President Wilson. The money f
he this loan will be0 available out of t
he proceedls of the $250,000,000 of Trot
asury certificates of indlebtedness, d
ly .June 30 and1( just placed with the ban
rof the country through. the Fedet
HOUSE LEADERS DO NOT WANT
L PROHIBIITION LAWS NO'
nf Washington.- In laying their pia
ifor raising ntearly $2,000.000,000
war expense' from new taxatit
I otise leiad ers are p'iroceedli ng up
onlflddent beliief t hat there will lbe
nat ionideu prguoh ibit ion legislation
this session of the Congress. Ev
Imany of the mfost optimistic prohi
.tion cha rmpions now are hoping for
more thani a law forbidding the si
AMERICANS SINK SUBMARINE
FIRST SHOT OF WAR BY UNITED
STATES FOUND ITS
-Boat is Struck While Maneuvering
For Position to Fire.-Gun Firing
Shot Named "Teddy Roosevelt,"
After Former President.
London.-Captain Rice of the Am
rican steamship Mongolia which has
rrived at a British port reported that
le 'Mongolia had fired the first gun of
he war for United States and sunk a
The periscope disappeared and a
ew minutes later reappeared on the
ips l)broadside. The gunners fired,
itting the periscope squarely and
irowing up a mountain of water.
Captain Rice outlined the incidenl
ith modesty, but could not quitc
onceal the pride he felt in th(
chievement of his ship.
"For. five days and nights, saic
|aptain Rice, "I had not had m3
lothes off and we kept a big force o
ookouts on duty .all the time. It wai
5:20 in the afternoon of the 19th tha
.e sighted the submarine. The ol
ieer commanding the gunners wa
ith me on the bridge where in fac
e had been the most of the tinm
troughout the voyage. There wa
a haze over the sea at the time. WV
ad just taken a sounding for we wer
etting near shallow water and w
were looking at the lead when the fire
mate cried: 'There's a submarine o
he port bow.'
"The submarine was close to u
too close, in fact, for her purpose
and she was submarging again in 0
ier to maneuver in a better positic
for torpedoing us, when we sightc
|er. We saw the periscope go dow
and the swirl of the water. I quickl
ordered a man at the wheel to put
to starboardl, and wd swung the no!
of the ship towardl the spot who:
the submarine had been seen.
"We were going at full speed ahel
and two minutes after we first sight(
the U-boat it emerged again abco
1,000 yards off. Its intention pre
ably had been to catch us broadli:
on. but when it appeared we had ti
stern gun trained full on it.
"The lieutenant gave the commai
and the big guns boomed. We se
the periscope shattered and the sh:
and the submarine disappeared.
"I assure you we did not stop
reconnoitre after the incident, h
steamned away at full speed, ' for
was not improbable that there w
another submarine about. The o
I got undoubtedly had been lying
the bottom at this spot waiting I
the ship and came up when it hey
our propellers. I immediately s(
a wireless message stating that a si
marine had been seen.
"That's about all the story, exce
"The governors had named i
guns on board the Mongolia. and i
one which got the submarine v.
called Theodore Roosevelt; So) Ted
fired the first gun of the war atl
MEMORABLE SEA FIGHT
IN THE ENGLISH CHANNNI
yLondlon.-Two IBritish dod tr'.ers
patrol duty in the Eungli~ch C'han
D over on t he night of A pril 2(' cn
upo a )1) flotilla of six C( rman dI)! 1!I
era~ and then ensued an 'nanc
Swhich wvill live long in the# hi-tory
~naval engagement s. f0 rmna r do 1
ers were torpedoed a nd rammnr
every gun aboard the comb~atants '.
~working, sweeping the decks anid t(.
aing gaps in the sides of the opposi
HEAD OF FRENCH WAR COM.
SION EXPRESSES HIS
VICTORY IS NOW ASSURED
Co-operation of United States Means
Not Only Military Victory, Which
Is Already Assured, but Victory of
Morality and Right.
Washington-Rene Viviani, France's
Vice Premier and head of the war mis
sAon, in a statement just issued, said
the co-operation of the United States
would mean not only a military vic
tory, which already was assured, but
a victory of morality and right. Ex
pressing deep gratitude for the en
thusiastic reception given his mission
here, M. Viviani said lie realized it
was "not. to us but to our beloved
and heroic France."
Mr. Vivinni's statement to the
Washington correspondents follows in
"I promised to receive you after
having reserved, as elementary cour
tesy required, my first communica
tion solely for the President. I have
Just had the honor, which I shared
with the other members of the mis
sion, of being received by him. I am
indeed happy to have been chosen to
present the greetings of the French
Republic to the illustrious man whose
name is in every French mouth today,
whose incomparable messages is at
this very hour being read and com
mented upon in all our schools as the
most perfect chapter of human rights,
and which so fully expresses the vir
tues of your race, long suffering pa
tience before appealing to force; and
force to avenge that long suffering
patience when there can be no other
"Since you are here to listen to me,
I ask you to repeat a thousandfold
the expression of our deep gratitude
for the enthusiastic reception the
American people has granted us in
Washington. It is not to us, but to
our belived and heroic France that
reception was accorded.
"And now, as President Wilson has
said, the Republic of the United States
rises in its strength as a champion of
right, and rallies to the side of France
and her Allies.
"Only our descendants, when time
has removed them sufficiently far
from present events, will be able to
measure the full significance, the
grandeur of an historic act which has
sent a thrill through the whole world.
From today on, all the forces of free
dom are let loose. And not only vic
tory, of which we were already assur
ed, is certain; the true meaning of
victory is madle manifest; it cannot
be merely a fortunate military conclu
sion to this struggle; it will be the
victory of morality and right, and will
forever secure the existence of a world
in wvhich all our children shall draw
free breath in full peace and undis
turbed pursuit of their labors.
j"To accomplish this great work,
whIch will be carrled to completion,
we are about to exchange views with
the men in your Government best
qualified to help. The co-operation
Iof the Republic of the United States
in this world conflict is now assured.
eWe work together as free men who
are reserved to save the ideals of
d1 INDICATE ENTENTE'NATIONS
N E ED $500,000,000 A MON TH
is Virtually Every Dollar of Borrowec
m Money to Be Spent in This
c-| Washington.-Preliminary reports t<
ie the Treasury Department, upon whicl
a Secretary McAdoo will base his recomi
is mondations to the President as to thi
of size of the first bond issue under the
ir $7,000,000,000 war finance law, indicati
ie that the United States will be calle<
ie upon to finance the Allies to the e2
tent of at least $400,000,000, and poi
sibly $500,000,000 a month.
TPhe estimates indicate the followin
r. For Great Britain. $-200,000,000 t
$250,000,000 a month; for France, froi
as $100,000,000 to $125,000,000; for Rui
30 sia, a sum undetermined, but u
1e to $100,000,000 a month, and for Ital:
7,- about $50,000,000 a month.
yy Under these requirements, the $2
or 000,000,000 available for lending th
tie Allies would be exhausted in from si
1,. to seven and one-half months. It
tie likely, however, that the proliminar
ke estimates can be pared dlown so the
al the huge loan cold~ be made to cove
possibly one year,
Many Would Serve Under Teddy,
N~. -New York-Approximately 123,00
meni have applliedl thus far and boe
as found to meet the necessary requiri
or ments for membership in Col. Tho<
n, dore Itoosevelt's l~propoed Armiy dlivi
on ion, it. was announced hero at enrol
no0 ment headquarter's, which were opei
at ed somec time ago with the formeo
en President's approval. Sixty per1 cell
bi- of the volunteers are from Virgini.
no North Carolina, South Caroliita an
ule other Southern states. Only 50 of th
appliants, were under 25ers ...m
ARMY DRAFT BILL
HOUSE VOTE WAS C97 TO 24,-I'
SENATE THE VOTE WAS
81 TO 8.
VOLUNTEER SYSTEM KILLEF)
Senate Favors Roosevelt Plan to Take,
Troops to France.-Age. Provislon
Not Fxed.-Conflicts to l3e Settlet
Washington.-The House shortly be
bore midnight Saturday passed the 4
bill embodying the Administration's
plan for a selective draft.
The vote was 397 to 24.
The Senate passed the bill by a vote
of 81 to 8.
Earlier in the day both Senate and
House voted approval of the Admin
istration's proposal to raise a great
war army on the principle of selective
conscription, voting down by overn 4
whelming majority the volunteer army
amendment around which opponents
of the Administration plan had cen
tered their right.
In the Senate the vote on the volun
teer amendment was 69 to 18, and in
committee of the whole in the House
it was 279 to 98, supporters of con
scription marshaling a strength which
surprised even Administration leaders.
On a roll call the House rejected
the volunteer army proposal by a vote
of 313 to 109, an even greater ma
jority than that by which the amend
ment had been eliminated from the
bill earlier in the (lay on teller vote
in Committee of the Whole.
Whether Congress finally would ao.
cept the staff's recommendations re 4
garding the ages between which con
scription should apply appeared more
uncertain. In the Senate the bill's
stipulation that men between 19 and 25
should be liable to the draft was
changed to make the minimum 21 and
25 should be liable to the draft was
changed to make the minimum 21 and
the maximum 27. The House voted
down all proposed changes in the
Military Committee's recommendation
that the limits be fixed at 21 and 40.
These and a number of lesser
amendments will be considered as
speedily as possible in conference in
the hope that the measure may be
sent to the President for his signa
ture by the middle of this week.
Senator Harding's amendment, de
signed to permit Colonel Roosevelt to
raise four infantry divisions for sen
vice in France, was adopted by the
Senate 56 to 31. Many Democrats
voted for it. A similar amendment
was rejected by the House.
The Senate adopted an amendment
by Senator Fall to provide for raising
three regiments of volunteer cavalry
to patrol the Mexican border. Tha
vote was 53 to 25.
On the objection of Chairman Fits
gerald of the Appropriation Commit
tee the $3,000,000,000 appropriation
providled for carrying the bill Into ef
feet wvas finally stricken out by the
House by a vote of 351 to 25, and it
was agreed that the committee should;
bring in a seperate measure.
MARSHAL JOFFRE EAGER
FOR U. S. FLAG IN. FRANCS.
Will Hasten End of War and Cement
Friendship With America.
Washington.-Marshal Joff re told
the people of America through Wash
ington newvspaper' correspondents who
called upon him, that France cherishes
the confident hope that the flog of the
United States soon will be flying on
her battle lines.
Victories sure to be won by the sol
(hders of the two Republics, once more
fighting shoulder to shoulder for lib
erty, declared the hero of the Marne,
will "hasten the end of the war and
tighten the links of affection and es
-teem which have ever united France
and the United States."
The marshal, replying to questions,
a said he deemed it advisable to send
i one American unit at a time to France
-rather than to wait for the complete
-equipment of a big army, because el
S Marshal Joffre told correspondents
that he did not thaink Americans
now with the French army should be
*withdrawn to serve under the Ameri
p can flag except possibly a few spec
,, ialists who might be useful in devel'
oping the training of the new Amen!.
,can force. HeI paidl hearty tribute to
e the valor of Americans now fighting
x in France.
s American officers, ho believed, were
y fully comnpetent to train American
.t men, and he gave it as his opinion
r that andl American army would. dove!.
MEXICO TO TAKE HER
STAND WITH UNITED STATES
Monterey, Mexico.-Mexico prob.
'ably will break off relations with -the
-. Central Powers within a few weeks,
I- and dleclare an alliance wvith the Ern
I- tente Powers. The attitude of the Va
n-roun government officials plainly
r shows that they have received order.
t from higher up' Some- of the hot
6 headed officials w1ho lately were loud
ci est in their anti-American talk haye
e developed a frIeridly feeling' ftnr the