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TO ARMY BILL CARRY
IORE' PAY FOR' MEN
*ROVISION F 0 R VOLUNTEER
SYSTEM TH,4ROWN OUT HOUSE
313 TO 109.
ISENATE IS FOR ROOSEVELT
St.quer Restrictions included in Amend.
ments.-No Bounty to Be Paid For
Enlistment, and No Person Shall
be Allowed to Furnish a Substitute.
Washington. - Ioth Senate and
'rilouse adopted an amendment just be
"tore the final roll calls which would
a ~<greatly increase the pay of enlisted
men during the war. The House pro
-vision would make their pay $30 a
"Month and that approved by the Sen
4te would fix it at $29 a month. The
<present pay is only $15.
In the House at the last moment,
Ohairman Fitzgerald, of the. Appro
ipriations Committee, objected vigor
'ously to the appropriation of $3,000,
(100,000 carried in the bill for the ex
"pense of the new army, and the sec
. 'tion finally was eliminated entirely.
Mr. Fitzgerald declared that to place
*'kthis vast sum in the hands of the
:Secretary of War would make of Con
.gress a "mere automaton," and prom
ised that if the section was voted down
-the committee would provide funds
.promptly in a separate measu:e.
Among the amendments adopted in
,the Senate was one which would per
tmit Colonel Roosevelt to recruit a
,volunteer force for service in France.
.A similar proposal had been rejec'.ed
(by the House. Speaker Clark, Demo
'-cratic Leader Kitchin and Chairman
Dent, of the Military Committee. who
ihad favored the volunteer system, all
voted for the draft bill on the final
'roll call. Republican Leader Mann
-also was recorded in the affirmative,
:as was Miss Rankin, who previously
4had voted- with the volunteer adva
Test in Senate.
The Administration won its fight for
'the military draft in the Senate when
.an amendment authorizing a call for
(400,000 volunteers was rejected by a
-vote of 69 to 18. The vote was as
For the volunteer amendments:
Democrats: Gore, Hardwick, Kirby,
McKellar, Reed, Thomas, Trammell
Republicans: Borah, Cummins. Cur
ti,, Fall, Gallinger, .Gronna, Johnson,
'California; LaFollette, Norris, Sher
Against the volunteer amendments:
Beckham, Broussard, Bankhead, Back.
ham, Broussard, Chamberlain, Culbuer
-son, Fletcher, Gerry, Hillis, Hustings,
.James, Johnson, South Dakota; Jones,
Wew Mexico; King, Lewis, Martin,
TMayers, Overman, Owen, Phelan, Pitt
-man, Pomerene, Ranadell, Robinson,
:Saulsbury, Shafroth,Sheppard, Shields,
Miimmons, Smith, Arizona; Smith, Geo
rgia; SmIth, Maryland; Smith. South
'Carolina; Stone, Swanson, Thompson,
Underwood, Walsh, Williams, WVal
Republicans: Brady, Brandegee,
'Calder Colt, Dillingham, Fernald,
WPrance, Frelinghuysen, Hale, Hard
dng, Jones, Washington; Kellogg, Ken
:you, Knox, Lodge, McCumber, Mc
Lean, Nelson, New, Page, Penrose,
1Poindexter, Smoot, Sterling, Suther
'dand, Wadsworth, Warren, Watson,
After the McKellar amendment had
'ibeeni rejected, Senator Trammell re
"opened, the draft question by offering
a amendment proposing to substi
tute the volunteer system throughout
1the bill. It was rejected by an over
wheiming roar of "noes,"
In. the House there was no roll call.
'The long fight came to a close early
Sn the afternoon when Representative
IRshn, of California, moved to strike
tot the volunteer provision written in.
'to the bill by hte House Military Com-.
onittee. As the result of the voting
became apparent, the members of the
:gallertes broke in-to cheers, while
speaker Clark, Chairman~ Dent of the
Military Qommittee, Chairman Pad.
cgett, of the Naval Committee, and
'other Derdocr'ats, who had fought the
administration's iplan, sat silently In1
Democratic Leader Kitchin, whe
had expected to vote against con,
~scription, responde~d to the call for
a quorum just before, but was not
present for the vote on the amend.
-unent. Miss Rankin, of Montana,
voted wIth the volunteer advocates.
Throughout the remainder of the
'House debate pro-volunteer members
frequently reopened discussion of their
proposal, the climax conoing wher1
Speaker Clark declared he might drive
e'ut of his district some of those whc
'bad urged that he vote for conscrip
"A lot of old skunkers all over the
entry who think that nobody is go
'u g ter be .forced into this war excepi
yefrom nineteen to twenty-five,'
I the speaker said, "and that their mis
ersbe, cowardly hides will be safe
'bave been sending telegrams here.
&Uew them, I know every man ii
anyditrct hoha teegapedme
ae I know who is at the bottom o
It, end I an' take a double-barrelO4
BRITISH COMMISSIONER LAYS
WRTATH ON WASHINGTON'S TOMB
...... .. ........
ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR.
shotgun and run out of my district
every man who sent me a telegram to
vote for conscription. and If school
doesn't keep too long I will run a few
Would Send Teddy.
Senator Harding's amendment to
the army bill designed to permit Col
onel Roosevelt to raise four infantry
divisions to go to the European bat
tle front was adopted by the Senate
56 -to 31. Many Democrats voted for
The announcement as adopted does
not specifically mention Col. Roose
velt, but its purpose has been well un
derstood and its author referred to
the fact that it would permit the form
er president to raise -troops to go to
Europe. It was not discussed at
Senators Ashurst, Broussard, Groe,
Hardwick, Hollis, Husting, Johnson,
South Dakota; Kirby, McKellar, My
ers, Owen, Pomerene, Ransdell, Reed,
Robinson, Saulsbury, Thompson, Var
daman and Williams, Democrats, sup
ported the amendment. Senators
Brady, Gronna, LaFollette and War
ren, Republicans, voted against it.
Among more important amend
ments adopted in the House was one
empowering the president to exempt
from .the draft, in his discretion, per
sons engaged in. agricultural work.
Another would require each state to
furnish a quota of men apportioned
according to population, and still an
other provides that "no bounty shall
be paid to induce any person to en
list," and that "no person liable to
military servdoe shall hereafter be
permitted or allowed to furnish *a
substitute for such service."
In the Senate there was a long de
bate over proposal to prohibit the sale
or possession of intoxicating liquors
during the war. Several amendments
were adopted. including one to make
it unlawful to sell or' give liquor to
officers or men in uniform or to memu
bers of Congress or other officials, and
then the Senate reversed itself and
adopted a substitute simply forbidding
the sale of liquor to soldiers In uni
form, and giving the president wide
discretionary authority to make other
An amendment by Senator Curtis
stipulating that men subject to draft
who voluntarily present themselves
hhall be recorded as volunteers, was
accepted by Chairman Chamberlain,
and went into the bill,
Another long debate was evoked
over amendments by Senators Thomas
and Lainollette to exempt from con
script-ion those having "conscientious"
object-ions to military service. Both
were defeated without a roll call, and
the bill's exemption proposal left un
"FARM AND ARM" IS
BATTLE CRY OF ROOSEVELT
Chicago.-"Farm and Arm!" With
this battle cry, Theodore Roosevelt
entered Chicago and in two stirring
speeches urged that every energy of
the entire nation be directed toward
Imaking the potential might of the Uni
ted States felt in the war against Ger
many, and he demanded that not an
hour be lost in dispatching troops to
the trenches. His first, speech was
mandeat aluncheon at noon; his sec
ond at a mass meeting in the Im
mense amphitheater at the stock
He advocated universal training as
a permanient policy; lhe advocated con
scription, but lhe pleaded that lie
should be allowed to recruit a division
for immediate service with the Allies.
He was roundly applauded when lhe
urged that, during the war, the use
of grain for the manufacture of alco
i'olic beverages be prohlsbited.
"I want 'to get Americans into the
trenches of France at the earliest pos
sible moment to show our Allies that
we are as ready as they to shed our
blood .for t-he cause of democracy. I'd
go as a second lieutenant," said Col.
Roosevelt. "I'm willing to go in the
train of any competent officer who
may be selected. TIo get the ,dlvi.
'ionb there is the 'thing."
On his arrival Mr. Roosevelt was
given a reception reutniscent of the
1days wha he was eSIdent.
PLAYS ITS PART
PALMETTO STATE IS WELL REP
RESENTED IN CIRCLES WHICH
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark the
Progress of South Carolina People,
Gathered Around the State Capital.
Special from Washington. - That
South Carolina is to both fight and
finance the war to a very large extent
is becoming evident to those who
keep track of such affairs.
Both in the fighting line of the
army and the navy and in the agricul
tural trenches behind the lines will
be found South Carolinians manning
the plow, the money bag, and the
It must be understood that a war
is fought not only with guns and
power, with shrapnel and "tanks,"
but also with food resources and the
very present available dollar.
Heading the agricultural resources
of the country are I). F: Houston,
formerly of South Carolina, and now
secretary of agriculture of the Unitev
States, and Asbury F. Lever, chair
man of the house committee on agri
culture. In addition to these are Sen
ator E. D. Smith, himself a practical
farmer, a member of the same com
mittee of the senate, D. S. Murphy
of the bureau of markets of the de
partment of agriculture, and a mem
her of the committe from that depart
ment co-operating with the national
advisory council in its efforts to assist
the administration in its present
Asked to give some idea of what he
thought the people of South Carolina
should do to meet present conditions,
Congressman Lever said that it should
hardly be necessary to say that every
inch of available ground should be
planted this year with food crops.
"Not only from my own experience,
but also from the position I occupy
as chairman of the house committee
an agriculture," Mr. Lever continued,
"I am firmly convinced that if there
was ever a time in the history of our
country when every inch of ground
should be utilized and planted in food
crops that time is now at hand. It is
quite apparent that we are going to be
called upon not only to feed our own
country of a hundred million people,
but that in addition to this we are
going to supply a very large amount of
our products to the allies.
"I am unable to say to what ex
tent prices will locally go, but from
present indications they will be so
high that it behooves every man in
the United States to go to work earn
estly to plant all the ground he can
get in things we must consume. I do
not car-e to touch upon the cotton situ
ation at this time, but wish to say
that not only should wve plant liber
ally of food crops but that we should,
at the same time, conser-ve our sup
"I am the last one in the wvorld to
cry hard times or any thing of that
kind, but we must economize and con
serve our food supplies if we are to
properly meet the demands which will
soon be upon01 us and tax us to the
Turn fr-om the agricultural aspect
of the war to the navy side of the
matter, South Carolina finds Senator
B. R. Tillman heading the important
senate committee on naval affairs, the
committee which must finally pass
upon naval legislation in ever-y phase.
After the many different problems;
have been worked out by offiefals of
the navy department and have gone
to the secretary and by him have
been transmitted to congress, they
find their way to the senate naval
affairs committee for final revision'.
South Carolina also has Samuel Mc
Gowan, paymaster general, and his,
place is a beehive of life and industry.
As the head of the pay crops, it is the
duty of this South Carolina naval of
ficer to supervise all purchases for
the navy, from blotting paper to coal
oil, food supplies of all kinds, uni
forms and clothing for the jackies and
in fact everything that money can buy.
Peilagra Expert to Attend.
Joseph Goldberger, M. D., the well
known specialist in pellagra, has been
dletailed by the United States public
hlealth service to attend the fifth an
nual convention of theo Southwestern
Sanitary association, to be held May
o andl 10 in Greenville. Several Co.
lumbias are charter members. The
secretary is Dr. C. 10. Smith of Green
New Enterprise. Authorized.
A commission was issued to the
Capital Lumber company of Columbia,
the capital stock of which is to be
$10,000. The company will engage
in the general business of buying and
selling timber and timber lands, buy
ing, cutting, bartering, trading and
selling timber, lumber and wood and
other building material, both whole
gale and retail.
A charter was issued by the secre
tary of state to the Laurens Coca
Cola Betting company, with a capi
tel stoek of $12,000.
Hayne Confers With General Blue.
James A. Hayne, M. D., secretary
of the state board of health, went to
New York Saturday to meet with
the committee of six, who will confer
with Surgeon General Rupert Blue,
relative to designating a national san
itation policy under war conditions.
The conference will In effect federal
ize the state boards of health. The
boards will revert to their former
policy of state or local Interest upon
the termination of the war, but the
nationwide plan to unify the interes!s
and conform the efforts of the state
boards will do much to standarize
the plans of the various state units
and will mean the elimination of much
3onflict o' Policy.
The members of the committee are
imong the foremost public healt i ex
perts in the United States. Ii. M.
Biggs, chairman, is a resident of New
York and has just returned from
[Prance, where he went to study the
prevalence of tuberculosis and meth.
>ds to stay the plague under war con
litions. J. S. Fulton of Maryland is
another with nationwkle reputation
,or his progressive ideas as to the
,onservation of the public health and
:ontrol of infectious diseases. Re
aiaining members are: S. G. Dixon,
Pennsylvania; W. A. Sawyer, Cali
fornia, and C. St. Clair Drake, Illi
nois. The conferences were to be held
,t the Willard hotel in New York, be
ginning April 30.
In addition to the colse co-operation
of the state and provincial boards
with the public health exigencies dur
Ing the war, plans and regulations
would be given immediate and nation
wide dispatch. It is probable also that
supervision of production of medical
supplies will be Incorporated in the
plan, along with the supervision of the
health of workers in industrial plants
and the taking of a census of the
medical, surgical, hospital and nursing
First Undergoes Inspection.
Monday at Camp Moore was devot
ed to the annual state inspection of
the First South Carolina infantry by
arrangement between the camp com
mander, Col. P. K. McCully, Jr., and
the adjutant general, W. W. Moore.
The government property in the hands
of the regiment was chocked and the
strength and general fitness was as
Inspection of the coast artillery
corps, comprising headquarters at
Greenville and companies at Green
ville, Spartanburg, Gaffney, Jonesville
and Greenwood, will begin May 1 at
Marshall F. Sanders has been ree
ommended by the governor for a sec
ond lieutenancy in the Fifth com
pany of coast artillery, Greenwood.
Want Food on State Farm.
The following telegram was receiv
e dby the South Carolina preparednest
commission from the Sumter count3
committee of public safety:4 "Th
Sumter county public safety commit
tee, realizing the importance of the
food situation, as outlfned in your
splendid address to our people, be
lieve that great good can be accom
plished along these lines by the man
agement of the state farms not allow
ing cotton to be planted on land con
trolled by the state and if any cotton
has been1 planted the gravity of the
situation is such that we believe it
would be wise to plow up all cotton
and plant the land in corn and other
food crnops Iinmmedi1 ately."~
Medical Commission Named.
Gov. Manning appointed ten mem
hers of the medical prep~aredlness conm
mittee. which will be0 associated wvith
the council of national defense. The
personnel of the committee IR: Rob
ert S. Cathcart, chairman, Charleston.;
J. A. Mood, Sumter; F. Hi. McLeon.
Florence; Edgar A. Hines, secretary,
Seneca; LeGrand Guerry, Columbia;
Curran B. Earle, Greenville; Charles
W. Killock, Charleston; Lane Mulally,
Charleston; W., W. Fennell, Rock Hill,
and J. Laflruce Ward, Columbia.
Students Favor Liquor Measure.
A telegram to President Wilson and
the South Carolina delegation in con
gress was sent by a committee from
the studond body of the University
of South Carolina, advocating the
abolition of the liquor traffic as an
emergency war measure. The resolu
tion authorizing this telegram met
wvith the unanimous supp~ort of the
students. A similar resolution adopt
ed by the congergation of the First
Baptist chmurch of Columbia had been
sent previously to the president,
Speaker Clark and Congressman Lever.
Lieutenants Are Recommended.
Smyth Blake of Company C and
William S. Hart of Company E, both
in the First infantry, have been rec
ommended by Goy. Manning for ap
poinment as second lieutenants, Na
tional Guard of South Carolina. The
lieutenant colonel of the regiment has
not yet been2 ap~pointed. Col. McCully
said nothing as to when headquarters
for the regiment would be opened in
Columbia. The physical examinations
have practielly been completed.
Pederalize Work of Health.
The state medical association has
agreed to the federalization of the ac
tivities of the state board of health
during the war period. This decision
was reached at the convention in
Spartanburg. James A. Hayne, M. D.,
state health officer, goes to Washing
ton on April 29 for a conference with
the surgeon-general of the public
health service. All states will be ask
ed to join the movement. During war
it is planned to have the activities of
the health boards directed by the fed
GREAT REUNION IS
HELD AT CHESTEF
CONPEDERATE VETERANS OF
SOUTH CAROLINA BRILLIANT
ABLE SPEECHES ARE HEARD
Hundreds of Visitors Attend.-Great
Parade is Headed By Governor
Chester.-The South Carolina Con
federate reunion was held here with
about 800 old soldiers in attendance.
The city was decorated in profusion
with Stars and Bars and Stars and
Stripes, emblems of a most animated
and genuine patriotism. Besides Vet
orans, Sons, Daughters and Dames
were here in large numbers. A de
lightful feature of the reunion was the
spirit of Americanism of the Confed
orate Veterans, expressing willingness
to do their part in supporting Prest
dent Wilson in the light for the free.
dom of the world.
The regular business session open.
ed with Capt. W. H. Edwards, com
mander of the Walker-Gaston Camp at
Chester, presided. Eloquent words of
welcome were heard from Mayor
Vance Davidson, for this city, and Col.
Arthur L. Gaston, for the Sons. The
response was by Col. J. H. Wharton.
Laurens. S. C., and Haddon Johnson,
Maj.-Gen. B. H. Teague, of Aiken,
commanding the South Carolina D1i.
vision, United Confederate Veterans,
took charge at this juncture, proceed
ing with the business of the conven
tion. Col. J. Rice Smith, of Augusta,
Ga., a native Virginian and a member
of Stuart's Calvary and a resident of
Georgia, and a favorite with Veter
ans. was introduced as the orator of
the occasion. It was a magnificent
speech. The large audience was
rought to tears and laughter, as sen
timents of patriotism flowed from his
His experiences during war, the Re.
construction period, Ku Klux days and
the campaign of 1876. made his ad
dress of great historic value.
The Daughters of the Confederac:
I gave a brilliant reception to veteran
and visitors in the parlors and bal
room of the Commercial Club, whici
far eclipsed anything ever seen her
at previous reunions. General Teagu
presented Governor Manning and h
made one of the best speeches eve
heard here. He came out vigorousi.
for President Wilson's selective draf
bill and went into detail on the pre
A chorus of 150 trained voices fron
the Graded School and citizens o
Chester sang m6st beautifully ohj
songs of '61 and '65. After the read
ing of a poem, "American Flag," by
Mr's. D)r. WV. W. Wallace, the exercises
closed by singing "Star Spangled Ban
iner." Fully 2.000 voices wvere heard
in the great climax.
The business of the convention was
c'oncludled and the reunion closed.
The parade was a big feature. GJover-.
nor Manning, accompanied by lh
staff, leading a long line of Veterans,
Sons andl D~aughters.
This is the thir'd time wvithin twenty
years that Chester has entertained the
veterans, andI visItors have ilocked
here in crowds to enjoy the well
knowns hospitality of South Carolina.
Fully 4,500 visitors have been reg.
istered, and the Chamber of Com
merce ha's handledl the situation in a
most creditable way, not one hitchl
occurring to mar the plbeasuire of any
Abbeville Plants Much Corn.
Abbeville. -- Information from all
sides of 'hie county indicate a much
larger planting of corn and other food
crops than heretofore. Cotton is being
rapiglly planted and in some sections
is already up to a stand. Abbovlille
county Is still without a county agent,
Why this is so no one hero seems~ to
know. This year. of all yoard, it
needs an agent to work up diversifica
Patriotic Meeting at Dillon.
Dillon.--Five hundred citizens from
every part of Dilloni county gathered
at the court house for a patriotic r'ally
for food production. This meet im;
came as a direct result of thes r'ecet
sp~eaking tours held at the nmany points
in D)illon county and as a result of a
cooperative effort by the citizenus andi
business meon of Dillon who adverti
ed the meeting as a patriotIc rally for
food production. This county had al
ready been stirred up on the subject
of food production.
Kinard Wins First Place.
Columbia.--Speaking on "The Sub
lection of the "Philippine." before the
eitthusiastic audience gathered in the
Unlyossity to witness the oratorical
contest of the South Carolina Highu
Schqoi Oratorical and Athletic asso
elation, Karl Kinard Won first place
by vanquishing ten able opponents,
captured the Will IEvans medal and
earned for the Greenwood school the
right to hold for a year the trophy
cup awarded by the Wiesepaps Man
ufacturing company to the school
whose orator wins arat place.
It is Imperative that
THE STOMACH NORMAL
THE BOWELS REGULAR
AND THE LIVER ACTIVE
Colored Laborers and Track men as section
hands; also Pattern Makers, Molders and
Carpenter.. Bricklayers experienced on
either fire brick or red brick construction.
Steady work. Good wages. Apply in person
to BETHLEHEM STEEL CO.,Sparrows P.lat, MI.
KODAKS & SUPPLIES
We also do highest class of finishing.
Prices and Catalogue upon reques
S. Galeski Optical Co., Richnoud, Va.
IPARKERS AND SHIPPERS NOTICE
| aWrie $ foratonl). e
Y0T O.,Wbuiesle minima lon
All roll films developed 10c. PrIntselto
b1et". Prompt attention to mail order..
R. 0. BERNAU, Greensboro, N. 0.
THE SMALILETBI' b
mlustotod. t i po of sta . UkeC
NEW QUARTIER LATIN HERE
Greenwich Village In New York Be.
comes Bohemian Capital of World
as Result of War.
The Eiropeai war has left the fa
Inou1s Latin quarter of Paris almost do
serted; and it temporary paralysis lies,
allso, uponl the art boliemilns of Munich,
London In ltome. In default of con
petition, New York's "Greenwich Vil
lage" hatls thus Suddenly becolie the
1new bohemlant (nlital of the world,
Charles Phelps Cushing writes in Car
I toois Magazine.
1 We inclose "Greenwich village" in
e quotation marks out of deference to
a the older villagers. who, for the most
a part, are respectable Tammany Hall
r Irish-Anericans aiul Gerinan-Amert
Scans, plain Amerleans an1d American
r Italins-all, or nearly all, resigned
to malaiking their living by pretty much
the sam111e miiethods as the masses do
anywhere else: "The bulk of the neigh
hoohitod," declares so reliable ti au
thority as the director of G1-reenvich
house (conMnuity center), "Is made
p of1 he conservatIve Arnerlenn ii ork
in 'iniSS-t he clerk, the factory3 work
er, fte lonigshioremiani, the oflce' rlen o
The Greenlwich village of' old ''-is na
faous100 for its diIgnit Iy tad quiet. ns the
"'vilhtg" (of' todauy Ia noted f'or !' m
Sain revels." TIhe Greenwich or a .-.
.i idr'd ye'ar s aigo wasl aI rutral retren'~it two
tuls nior'th of New~ Yor'k city.,a nild was
a st rontghld of faision and1( resp~ect -
ilit11y. Numetrlenl1ly, ft' conservut
tives are .vet well In the majority,
bult fte lime)lght of plulility ini recent
t ies lhas bee'n t runed only -on t he
Hohiemainu~s. 8S) "Gr ieeniwich Village'"
hais comei. iito io for the v'ery reverse
of' all that it onnti ai 1 generartion hack.
Did Cieo Use Her Needle?
*Cuastomier (in rug shiop)--You are'
positive that this is 1an dantique?
Sa lesman-P-loslitive, madam n! WVhy,
thIs rug is known to havie bleen In the
home' of (Cleotra i.
Culstonie'r-Wh'at aire those tour lit
Salesmian-HI'mn-t is known, too,
m ooni, that the rug wats in her sew
ting roomi, and flint is where the ReW.
Inag mtnchine' Stood.
The Only Benefit.
"What id y113ou gain in your dteal .
"Anl unbounded respect for Sith's
butsI iness nhi11ity."