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PARTOF SPAIN 1S
ON VERGE OF REVOLT
SITUATION IN CATALONIA IS
GROWING MORE SERIOUS
NUMEROUS THREATS MADE
Acute Problem For New Ministry.
One Faction Demands Peace at Any
Price, However, a Solution Might Be
Found By New Premier.
Paris.-Somo liglit is now thrown
on the present situation in Spain,
which has been the cauce of misgiv
ings recentlY. by a special corresx)n
dent of The Petit Parisien who has
been mahing an Investigation there.
lie wires the following summary of
the situation which nu.de the position
of the late cabinet untenable and pre
sents an acute problem for the new
First of all, the situation in Cata
lonia (a district of about 1.206 square
miles in the northeast of Spain, with
a population of nearly 2.000.000, whose
capital is Barcelona) is .:ritical. The
inhabita.nts are aroused against the
Spanish government and are- agitating
ir.3istently for complete independence.
One faction openly declares in a Bar
celona newspaper that it will obey no
law not passed by the Catalonians for
Catalonians. and demands independ
ence at any price.
Aside from this local situation. the
correspondent finds that the economic
stae of affairs in general demands
speedy act-ion by the cabinet. Strikes
are imminent, especially in Asturlag
(an important di -tri(t in northwestern
Spain on the Bay of Biscay). Strikes
are inder discussion by all railroad
enployes and most. of the industrial
The supply of coal is so scan: y that
it is almost impossible to oper-ate the
trais. Sta tation of the export trade,
owiig to ti subiarine warfare. is
resulting in p r)w:ing irri'ation. Finaliv.
there is th-- 1' m I lation. Which
everywher" is recgnlzei as grave for
Spain, and whirh. the correspondent
says, is made intfinit "ly monre trouibili2
some by German espionare Gernmn
intimidation and the Ge rnui noph ile
press, which has wounded and antago
nized Spanish pride.
Notwithstanding these difficulties,
the correspondent wires, Spain be
lieves conlileItly ilie new premier will
be able to tind a solution.
MISSION FROM BELGIUM
IS NOW IN WASHINGTON
Come to Express Gratitude for What
America Has Done,
Washngto .-- elgim's diploma'tic
mission cameii to Washington to ex
press Its gratitude fo- all Ithat the Uni
ted States has done in th past to ie
lieve the siffe.ring of its i' *ple and
to discuss wih Amei-ian offiials t he
rep~arationi that is to be demanidedl of
Germainy for her v iolateid fa i; h at. t he
beginnin g of the war,. anil iin t-rnat Ion
al (crimies which have followed it.
The reroen tat Ivs orf( Kn g Al bert,
who has cluing teniaciousl y for nearldy
three years to the last firee fring' ot'
his country, were received wvithi all
thie coturtesieos and priobaly with deepi
er emotions than t ho offi cialI miss ions
of thle grea ter nationus who preced ed
dhem. Secretary LanusIng. (onusellor
Polk and Assist ant Secretary Phillips
of the state dlepartmneint gr-eetedl thIemii
at the star ion, after which, escor-ted by
two companies of cavalry. they moto
ed to the homeof Larz Anderson. form
er minister to Helgium, whic~h is to be
Baron lundovie '\bonchieur,- chilef of
the political buireaui of 'the Belgian
foreign Ofl'ice and( for eight year-s ini
inter to this eountry, is the head of
t.he mnission. It is undeirstood lie ex
Thects .to confine his effots in the
U~nited States largely to the tult imate
peace <qtestions rather than to immie
d~ate war need;. In the latter, lie wi-ll
find his wi'hes alread y met. f'o- the
United State~s shortly after- its en
tra'ne into t~h war, took over- the en
tire cost of the relief ini lelgiumrn
TBach m'm'h the treasuri- dep'tartment
edvances $7,500.000 for this pui-pose.
WILL NOT BE PAID
Washington.--suiggestions thiat the
country's steel mills wi-ll hold for a
price of $95 per ten for steel that goes
in-to the great finet of mci-chant vessels
to be built by the government. (drew
from Chairman D~enmnan of the ship
ping boai the statement that a price
~at high would not be p~aid. "I shall
sign no contracts at that figure," said
Mr. Denman. "The price is absurd
when the navy 18 getting siteel at $30
a ton less."
IS MERE FIGUREHEAD
Peking-Gen. Chang Heun now is
dioistor, Pr-esident LU Yuan Hutng be
Among the many American Inven
tors who are devoting themselves to
the solution of the submarine prob
lem is Emil Gathmann, a Baltimore
engineer. He says the U-boat menace
will disappear in a few months.
MANY KiLLED IN AIR RAID
ONE HUNDRED ARE KILLED AND
OVER FOUR HUNDRED ARE
Principal Damage on City's East Side
and Main Result Was Killing of Civ
Ilians.-No Military or Naval Dam
London.-In a swift and deadly raid
on the city of London, German air
planes-took a heavy toll in killed and
wounded. Other places were attack
ed, but so far as known, the heaviest
losses occu rred in lonmdon itself. .At
a late hour the casualties as oliially
announlvcel numbired. 534. inclmling
n1inety-seve. killed and 4:7 wounded.
''ifly-five men met death and 223
Imi1n 1 were ouinded. Sixteen womni.-:
and twenty-six chliiiren were killed
and 122 women and ninety-four chil
dren were wounded.
The German squadron consisted of
about fifteen machines and the down
town section of London was the chief
objective. Many bombs fell in the
east end where. buildings were de,
st.royed and others badly damaged
and secres of persons fell victims tc
the explosiols. In one instance alon
ten children were killed in a schoo
and fifty were injured.
i3;ith airplancs ascenoed linme
liately the signal was given that hos
tile machines were coining. but the
Germans remained at a great height
(and flew swiftly and evidently the
British fighters had difficulty in the
pursuit. for the loss of only one Ger
man machine has been recorded.
Others are reported to have been
brou igh:t do wn, but thecre Is no0 official
confirmation of this. The anti-air
(raft giuns or London seemilngly were
unable to reach the Glermians.
While a great mainy small husiness
houses and the homes of the poor in
thle crowded di1st ri-ts suffered great
dhamiae, Field Mar'shal Viscount
French, commuan der' of the home de
fenses. aninouncdes that. n1o damage of
aL miltary or naval nat ure was clone.
ROOT AND PARTY ARRIVE
SAFELY IN RUSSIA
Also Rlussian Mission to United States
Has Reached Seattle.
Yet rOgrad,. via London (Hullet in.
The American mission, headed by Eli-|
hni Root, has arrived here.
Washington.-Ruissi's mission to
the. United States, consisting of forty
members, has arrived safely at a Pa
ciltic port. after' un unevenltul voyage.
Boris A. lHakhmetieff, special ambassa
dor to the United States, heads the
After a stop at Seattle, the mission
wvill procee'd at once f to Waishiingotn.
Preckenridlge Log, third assistanit sec
letary of state, wilI join it at Chicago
as the representat ive of President
W.ilson anid the dlepatment of state,
and courtecsles similar to those extendl
edi to other milsions will be offered.
DEMAND HIGHER WAGES.
New York.-Employes in forty-one
private shipyards in this vicInity have
dlemanded higher wages, it has been
learned. Compliance is requested by
Juno 23, and unsatisfactory responseR
or no responses at all would result
automatically in a walkout on July '2
by 20,000 machinists, boilermakers
and pattern makers according to the
men. It is reported federal mediators
are endeavoring to effect a settlement.
'ENERAL PERISHING HAS
REACHED FRENCH SOIL
\BIoulogno, France.-Maj. Gen. Johr
3. Pershing, accompanied by his staff,
put his foot on French soil as com.
nmander of the American military ex.
pedition. French, British, Belgiar
and Indian officers and soldiers salut,
ed their new allied comrades, the
American national anthem was play.
ed by a military band, and a guard of
honor stood at "present arms" as the
ship bearing the American general t(
the scne of te a . .....a mnt .oc
MEET FIRST DEFEAT
ARMED AlERICAN STEAMER IS
SUNK AFTER RUNNING FIGHT
ONLY FOUR LIVES ARE LOST
Hundreds of Shots Fired Before
Steamer Goes Down.--Survivors Re
scued From Life Boats.-Treated
With Marked Consideration By Ger.
Washington.--American naval gun
iers have met their. first defeat in
open fight with a German submarine.
Off!cial dispatches annouinced the de
str-uc-tion of the tank steamship
Moreni, abandoned ablaze June 12 by
her crew and armed guard after a
desperate running fight in the war
zone, which 'cost the lives of four of
Ilalf an hour after the tanker had
bellen sent to the' bottom, her forty
three survivors, including all of the
members of the armed guard, were
picked up with their life boats by a
passing steamer. The kmrman com
mlander had set them adrift after con
igratulating the American skipper up
on his game fight ano having the
wounded men treated by the submar
The submarine began the action at
a range of 8,000 yards, four nautical
miles,. when she hardly was visible to
thi steamer without glasses. Present
ing virtually no target herself, she
sent two hundred shells at the big
tanker, making many hits, while the
American gutiners wasted 150 shots
without harming the speck from
which the deadly hail came.
Naval officers assumed that the sub
marine was armed with the six-inch
rifles mounted by most of the newest
undersea boats. No statement was
available as to the armament of the
Moreni. The failure of the gunners
to get the submarine was attributed
generally to the long range and small
The action of the submarine com
mander in treating his vanquished op
lponents with such unexpected cour
tesy was the subject of much com
ment. Germany has proclaimed her
intention to treat British armed mer
chant crews as pirates.
LIBERTY LOAN OVERSUBSCRIBED
MANY MILLION OF DOLLARS.
Washington.-The American peo
ple have responded to the govern
ment's call for funds to finance the
war with an over-subscription to the
$2.000,000.000 liberty loan of propor
tions so huge that officials are buried
beneath a landslide of untabulated re
It was overwhelming beyond the
most sanguine hopes of treasury offi
ci~tls, though not one of thai twelvo
ferleral reserve banks, reginal head
quarters of the loan, could hazard
mor-e than an estimate of Its total.
In the country's answer to the call,
the dominant note was the voice. of,
the small investor. 1lls money talked
the last day of the campaign in e~lo
quent terms. The hope for a wide
sp~read response of the average man
with the aver-age income was more
thtan realized in the multitudes that
tlocked to the banks. It appeared that
all previouts estimates had gone by
the boards, and that nearly 3,000,000
men and women have bought their
In the ab~sence of official figures,
officials hestlated to predict how high
the total wvould soar. It mounted
every hour to new heights and assum
ed stuch proportions that there was an
apparent inclination to accept with
sonme allonwances the rosy estimates
of local liberty loan committees as to
their totals of their districts.
At the treasury, a note of conserva
tism was sounded concerning these es
timates. It was feared that the com
mittees, taushed with success, might
be over-optimistic, and there was a
manifest unw~illingness to accept as
final any estimates unverified by
GOVERN MENT WILL TAKE
OVER MERCHANT SHIPPING
Washington.-The vast amount of
steel merchant shipping under con
struction in American yards, probably
2,600,000 tons, will l~e taken over im
mediatey by the government under
power granted in al provisioll of the
war budget bill signed by President
rThe annuoncement was made at a
conference of the country's steel ehip
builders wvith the shipping board and
its emeorgency fleet corporaion,
INCREASE IN STRENGTH
OF NATIONAL GUARD
Waehlngton.-An increase of 316
officers and 13,978 enlisted men in the
national guard not in the federal ser
vice is shown in the latest reports to
the militia bureau of the war depat
ment.' On May 31 the altr~pgth of -the
national guard was 4,462 'officers and
108,031 men, while on June 10 a total
of 4,778 officers and 122,607 menl had
been reported wi the ,states of
Arkansae, New Yorlk *I79%s
t,0 b'e heard from.
WILLIAM G. McADOO
William G. McAdoo, son of the seo
retary of the treasury, In the uniform
of the New York Naval militia. He is
classed as a third-class electrician and
attached to the aeronautical division
of the militia at Bay Shore.
KING CONSTANTINE ABDICATES
PRINCE ALEXANDER SUCCEEDS
TO THE THRONE AS KING OF
Comes as Climax In Hellenic King
dom's Affairs Which Has Existed
Ever Since the Outbreak of the
Athe ns, via Paris.-The fall of Con
stantine. king of the Hellenes, has
come. In response to the demand of
the protecting powers, France. Greal
Britain and Russia, he abdicated In
favor of his second son, Prince Alex
The climax in the affairs of Greece
was brought about through the agency
of the French senator, M. Jonnart, who
has held posts in several French cab
fnets, and who arrived at Athens only
a day o rtwo ago on a special mission
as the representative of France, Great
Britain and Russia. M. Jonnart had
praviously visited Saloniki and other
points, and he lost no time in getting
[nto conference with Premier Alexan
der Zainils. The demands of the pow
Wrs respecting the ab)dication of King
Constantine also specifically eliminat
ed Crown Prince George as his suc
cessor, the crown prince being includ
d among those in official life who
ere considered strongly pro-German.
Both the former king and Prince
orge, It was announced by Premier
~aimis, Intend to leave the country
mmediately. It is reported that they
rill embark on a Bx stish warship and
rced to Switzerland by way of
taly. It is presumed that Prince
lexanuder will take up his kingly du
e3 with full acceptation of the Ideas
hich the protecting powers desire to
e put into effect in the government
f Greece during the present war. He
is twenty-four year-s cld and has been
ree from anti-entente proclivities.
Affairs In Gree'ce, which several
imes since the outbreak of the war
ad seemed on the verge of a settle
nent, recently have taken on such an
spect of uncertainty that it became
ecessary for the powers to act with
ecIsion. M. Jonnart was selected tc
roceed to Athens for the purpose 01
aying before the premier the aims
hich France, Great Britain and Rus
la had with respect to establishing
uity of feeling among the Greeks.
M. Zalmis recognized the disinter
stednesis of the powers, whose sok
bject was to reconstitute the unit)
f Greece under the constitution, bul
he pointed out t~o . M. Jonn art that
ecision could only be taken by thi
king after a meeting of the -crow!
ouncil, composed of former premiers
LOYAL SOLDIERS IN RUSSIA
VICTORIOUS IN FIRST TEBS
Petrograd, via London.-Forces il
the army at the front which are loya
ot the provisional government hay
had their first test of strength wit:
disloyal pacifists and have won a ni
table victory. Two days ago lAetu
Gen. Stcherbatoheff, com~mander 0
the Rumanian front, gave an .order t
disband one Infantry, one tirailleti
and one Siberian tirailleur regimen
all of which were considered useles
for fighting purposes.- -
Three regiments of another divislo
were or'der to take up a new POs
tion, but refused to do so, and ther<
upon received an order to disband. TIh
soldiers openly mutinled. The me
of one of the regiments arrested til
commander and seven officers, toi
their badges from their uniforms, ari
beat two officers, -leaving one ineeni
ble on the ground. A regimental cot
xrittee resoled that the regimie1
should not move; thereupon a loy
committee of soldiers of the whol
army, after deliberating with the arn
staffprontouncoed .sterner measura
aginst the mutineersi.,
PRESIDENT WARNS AGAINST
NEW GERMAN INTRIGUE FOR
SINISTER PLANS DISCLOSED
in Flag Day Address at Capitol Wil
son Tells Why Our Flag Is Being
Sent Cross the Waters to Face the
Washington.-A merica's reasons for
sending her flag against the fire of,
the enemy across tho sea and the pur
pose she seeks, were stated anew by
President Wilson in a flag day addrees
beneath the Washington monument.
Germany's military masters denied the
United States the right to be neutral,
the President said, and by extraordia
ary insults and aggressions 'left us no
self-respecting choice but 'to take up
arms in defense of our rights as a
free people and of our honor as a sov
Now that America has been forced
to war. declared the President, she
bids her young men go forth to fight
on fields of blood far away for the
same old familiar, heroic purpose for
which it has seen its men die on every
battlefield upon which Americans have
borne arms siner the revolution
democracy. A sinister power, he said,
which has the German people them
selves in Its grip, "now at last has
stretched forth Its ugly talons and
drawn blood from us."
"The whole world is at war," he
added, "because the whole world is
in the grip of that power and is try.
Ing out the great battle which shall
determine whether it is to be brought
under its mastery or fling itself free.'
New Intrigues for Peace.
In giving warning that the Germans
actually have carried Into execution
their plan to throw a broad belt of
military power across the center of
Europe and into the heart of Asia,
rejecting the idea of solidarity of races
and the choices of peoples. Mr. Wilson
spoke of the "new intrigue for peace"
now appearing in many guises at the
behest of the Berlin government.
"It cannot go farther; it dares not
go back," he said. "'It wishes to close
its bargain before it is too late, and
it has little left to offer for the pound
of flesh it will demand."
"Peace, peace ,peace, has been the
talk of her foreign office for now %
year or more," said the President. "A
little of the talk has been public, but
most of it has been private. Through
all sorts of channels it has come to
me and in all sorts of guises. The
military masters under whom Ger
many is bleeding see very clearly to
what point fate has brought them. If
they can secure peace now with the
immense advantages still in their
hands which they have up to this
point apparently gained, they will
have justIfied themselves before the
German people; they will have gaIned
by force what they promised to gain
IThe President reiterattedi again the
German aggressions which dIrove the
United States to war. He declared
the purposes for which American sol
diers now carry the stars and stripes
to Europe for the first time In history
are not new to Amerimnan traditions
because realization of German's war
aims must eventually mean the un
doing of the whole world.
JAPAN TO SEND MISSION
TO THE UNITED STATES.
WIll Have Broad Diplomatic Powers.
Washington.-Japan will send a mis
siono to the United States. The mis
sion' will have broad powers especial
ly In diplomatdc consultation, and is
Iexpected to leave Japan during the
frst part of July.
'The mission is re'garded as offering
an un paralleled opportunity for a
closer understanlding between the
United States and* Japan through a
full discussion of the many complex
questions of the unsettled far east.
The change through the eradication
of German influence and the neces
sary curtailing oZ British, French and
Russian power, creating a new corn
munity of in'terest between the Unit'
ed States, Japan and China, will be
gone Into fully.
Viscount Kikujiro Ishil will head the
Japanese mission. He formerly was
minister of foreign affairs. Vice Ad.
miral Takeshita, who is well known
in the United States, heads the naval
section of the mission. The army
section Is headed by Maj. Gen. Su'
. BRISTOL INUDATED
. ' BY CREEK'S OVERFLOW
SBristol, Tenn.-Va.-Damage to thE
extent of over $150,000 was done t(
e Bristol and immediate vicinity, wher
Indian creek, following a cloudburel
. about seven miles north of here, over
. flowed Its banks, inudating the princi
t pal business district, but had receded
, considerably late in the evening
0 Many poor people living along thi
y banks of Indian creek, ordinarily -i
g small stream1 lia to flee for safety
losing all their bousehold effset.
GENERAL WOO TO..
ACCEPTS THE CALL OF THE
SOUTH CAROLINA PRESS AS
AT BEAUFORT JULY 20-29
Invitation Was Extended to General
Wood By Robert Lathan.-All
Editors Urged to Attend.
-Columbia. - Gen. Leonard Wood,
commander of the Southeastern de.
partment, has accepted an inv'Itation
to deliver an address at the annual
meeting of the 'South Carolina Press
association to be held at Baufort June
28 and 29. The invitation to the
military chief was extended in Char
leston by Robert Lathan. William
Banks, president 'of the association,
received a letter from Gen. Wood an
nouncing that he would attend the
All editors who expected to attend 4
are urged to notify Joe Sparks, secre
tary, so that transportation can be ar
Graduates Think of War.
Columbia.-The spirit of the times
deeply influenced the graduation ex
ercises of the University of South Car
olina. The chapel, over 100 years old,
was decorated, fore and aft, with many
flags. An immense United States flag
formed a background for the speakers
on the stage. Facing them from the
extreme end of the balcony, was a
large Confederate flag, weather and
time stained, and just above it a gold
fringed silk United States flag. At
one end of the balcony the summer
breeze came in from the campus and
fluttered the tricolor of the French.
Smaller flags of the other allies were
also displayed. Military airs played
by the orchestra added to the Impres
sion. As Pre.ii(lent Currell remarked.
it was an historic occasion.- Every
one seemed conscious of the boys
who had already left their books to
enter the service of their country, and +
there was, as least, one graduate, in
his military uniform, present to re
ceive his diploma. As the names of
the absent ones were called the large
audience applauded loudly and Dr.
Currell stated that the board of trus
tees of the university had authorized
him to go 'o Fort Oglethrope to de
liver diplomas to the 16 seniors who.
had been granted leave of absence.
Also touching the universal thought
of the world war were the subjects of
the several addresses of the morning.
The address to the graduating class
by Judge Mendel L. Smith of Camden
was eloquent with patriotism and
logic. Addresses by the following
students reflected the same thought
in varying moods and points of ob
servation: H. C. James of Union, W.
C. Sullivan of Kingstree, Miss Rebec
ca Fromberg of Charleston and R. 11
Harley of Thomas.
Will Fight Wire Worms.
nes, upon receipt of information fro!
Hampton county that wvire worm wc
dloing considerable damage to crops ' 4
Hampton and adjoining counties, ton
the matter up with the department
agriculture and the authorities ,
Clemson college and has asked th
0.n export be sent to that section *a
the stat~e to inspect and determi :e
whether or not anytning can be doi
to stop the destruction of the cro
by this pest. In previous years ti
worm has (lone considerable dama -.
in that seciion 'of the county and 10
Byrnes is informed that it has
ready begun its destructive wvork tI
New Court House for Saluda.
ISaludla.-M. T. Pitts of the co
house commission reports that Arc
tect Sayre of Anderson is working
plans for Saluda county's new co
'house. The sitructur-o will be
monumental sty-le, semi-fireproof c'e:
struetion, of pressed brick and ste ii
and will be modern in every part:'
lar. The cost of the structure will
Storm Damages Crops.
IGreenville.-Crops in the upof
section of Greenville county suffTc
seriously from the cyclonic hail and
wind storm which hit that sectior,
cently. It is announced by two
ernent agents who were sent here,
to advise those who were affected in'
the storm as to what they shoului do,.
The path of the storm was from thre
to four miles wide and about 30 iaili '
long. WVherever it touched the ihiw'
were swept clean, the crops h".i
down, the fruit trees bent and neac'.s
everything made mere ruin.
ConvIcted of Embezzlement.
Dillon.-The case of the State vs. C.
CI. Bruce, fiormer auditor of Ui'm'
county, charged with embezzlemtt oft
county funds, was concluded aml
went to the jury. After abou'. i
hours' deldberationl he was roundi
guilty on 18 counts and sentene' was
,passed -upon him by Judge Spa in i.e
t serve 12 years at hard labor in the
,state penitentiary. This does ni. 31(1n
I his troubles,'however, as another bill
ofis indictment has been handed out. by'
,the grand jury against him an6 will .
uninnliS. !forme traurar of Dillon.