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DELIVERED TO NEW
RUSSIA BYlMR. ROOT
RUSSIAN PEOPLE WILL FIGHT
WITH ALLIES FOR LIBERTY,
FREEDOM AND HAPPINESS
CONSIDER WAR. INEVITABLE
AND WILL CONTINUE IT
Such is Foreign Minister Tereschten.
ka's Ringing Response to America's
Message to Russia, Delivered By
Special Ambassador Root, Head of
Petrograd, via London.-"The Rus
sian people consider war inevitable
and will continue it. iThe Russians
have no imperialistic wishes. We knov
that you have none. We shall fight to
gether to secure liberty, freedom and
happiness for all the world. I am
happy to say that I do not see any
moral idea or factor between Amer
ica and Russia to divide us. We two
people, Russia fighting tyranny, and
America standing as the oldest
democracy, hand in hand, will show
the way of happiness to nations great
These ringing words, expressing the
attitude of the Russian government
toward American and. the American
mission headed by llihu Root, were
voiced by M Tereschtenko, minister
of foreign affairs, responding for the
council of ministers to Mr. Root's ad
dress of sympathy and good will on
the part of the American government.
The American ambassador, David
Francis, presented the Root mission to
the ministers in the Marinsky palace,
explaining that the members of the
mission had come to Russia to dis
cover how America can best co-oper
ate with its ally in forwarding the
fight against the common enemy. The
.presentation was very formal, only a
few Russian official' and the mem
bers of the American embassy at
tending. Mr. Kerensky, the youthful
minister of war, just back from the
front, wore the khaki blouse of a com
The ministers listened with rat
attention to Mr. Root's address.
- Mr. Teresohitenko rose from a sick
bed to attend the presentation and
resWponded without notes, expressing
great joy in welcoming t~le commis
sion from America. He said that Rus
sia's revolution was based on the won
derful words utbtered 'by America In
1776. He read part of the Declaration
of Independence and exclaimed: "Rue
sla holds wilth the United States that
al men are crearted free and equal!"
Mr. Teresch-tenko said Russia faces
two pr'oblems, the neceseity of creat
ing a s'trong democratic force within
lats boundaries and the fighting of an
external foe. Then lhe declared for 1
'war and exspressed unbounded confi
dence in the power of Russia to meet
"Mr. President and members of the
council of. ministers: The mission for
Which I have the honor. to speak is
charged by the gnvernment and peo- I
.pie of the United States of America
with a messnge .to the government and
people of Russia. The mission comes
from a democratic rep~ublic. Its mom-'
boe are commissioned and instructed
*by a apresident who holds his high
office as chief executive of more than
one hundred million free people by
virtue of popular election.
Freedom Above Wealth.
"For one hundred and forty years
our people have been struggling with
the hard problems of self-government.
With many shortcomings, many mis
'bakes, many imperfections, we still
have maintained order and respect for
law, individual freedom and national
Independence. Under the security of,
our own latws, we have grown in
strongbjh and prosperity. But we va'lue
o'r, freedom more than wealth. We
'love liberty'and we cherish above allH
our possessions the ideals for, which
our fatthers fough~t and- suffered and
sacrificed that America might be free.
'We believe in the competence of
the power of democracy and in our
heart of hearts abides faith in the
coming of a better world in which the
humble and oppressed of all lands
may be lifted up .by fssiion.
"The news of Russia's new..ound.
.freedom brought to Amnerica univer
sol satiafaction and joy.- From all the
*1and sympathy and hope went out to
the new eis'ter in 'the circle of democ
molies. And 'the mission ie sent to ex.
U-Boat Sinks Freighter.
New York.-News of the estruction
of the big French freight steamship1
Mississippi by a German submarine,
with a loss of one of the merchant-)
- -men's crew, was brought here by of
floors of a British freight vessel that4
arrived from a French- port.
The Mississippi, of 6,667 tons gro'ss,
was torpedoed and sunk about 145
miles out firom the port of Brest,
France, on June 2, according to the
* British ship, which rescued forty
seven~ officer. and seamnen from open
Press that feeling.
"The American democracy solids t
the democracy of Russia & greeting c
sympathy, friendshi- brothorhoo(
Godepoed. Distant America kndw
litile of 'the special conditions of Rui
Sion life whioh must give form to th
governmenit and laws which ~ you ar
about .to create As we have dove
oped our instritutions tio servo th
neede of our national character an
life, so 'ye assume that you will 0(
volop' your institutions to serve th
needs of Russian character and lift
"As we look across -the sea, we dit
tinguish no party, no class. We se
-great Russia as a whole, as on
mighty, striving, aspiring democrac
We know the self-control, essente
kindliness, strong common sense, coul
age and noble idealism of the Russia
"We have faith in you all. We pra
for God's blessing upon you all. Wi
believe you will solve your problems
that you will maintain your liberty
and that our two great nations wil
march side by side in triumphan
progress of democracy until the oh1
order everywhere has passed awa,
and the world is free.
One Fearful Dangir.
"One fearful danger threatens thi
liberty of both nations. The arme<
forces of a mdlitary autocracy are a
the gates of Russia and the allies. Th
triumph of German arms will meal
the, death of liberty in Russia. Ni
enemy is at the gates or America, bu
America has come to realize that th
triumph of German arms means thq
death of liberty in the world; that w4
who love liberty and - would keep I
must fight for .it, and fight for it nov
when the free democracies of . th
world may be strong in union, an(
not delay until they may be beater
down separately in succession.
"See, America sends another mes
sage to Russia that we are going t(
fight, and have already begun to fight
for your freedom equally with oui
own, and we ask you to fight for oui
freedom equally with yours. We woulk
make your cause ours and our cause
yours, and with a common purpose
and mutual helpfulness of a firm al
liance make sure of victory over oui
"You will recognize your own senti
inents and purposes in the worlds oi
President Wilson to the Americar
Congress, when on the second of April
last, lie addressed a declaration o
war against Germany. le said:
"'We are accepting this challenge ol
liostile purpose because we know thai
in such a government (the Germar
government) following such methods
we can never have a friend; and thal
in the presence of its organized power
always lying in wait to accomplish w4
know not what purpose, there can b
no assured security for the democrati
governments of the world. We ar
now about to accept the gauge of bat
tle with this natural foe to liberty
and shall, if necessary, spend th4
whole force of the nation to check ani
nullify its pretensions and its power
"8'afe For Democracy."
"The world must be made safe foi
lemocracy. Its peace must be plant
3d upon the tested foundations of p1i
Aical liberty. We have no selfish ends
x> serve. We desire no conquest, no
lominion. We seek no indemnities
or ourselves, no material compensa.
ion for the sacrifiees we shall freely
nake. We are but one of the chain.
)ions of the rights of mankind. .We
ihall be satisfied when those rights
ave been made. as secure as the faith
Lnd the freedom of nations can make
"And you will see the feeling toward
lussia with which America has en
ered the great war in another clause
>f the same address. President WVil
~on furthier declared:
"'Does not every American feel that
~ssurance has been added to our hope
or the future peace of the world by
he wvondlerful andl heartening t hinge
hat have been happening wvithin the
ast few weeks in Russia? Russia was
nowvn by those who knew her best to
iave been always in fact democratIc
Lt heart in all the vital habits of her
hought, in all the intimate relations.
;hips of her people that spoke their
iatural instinct, their habitual atti.
.umde toward life.
"'The autocracy that crowned the
mummit of her political structure, long
Ls it had stood and terrible as was the
eality of its power, was not in fact
Etussian in origin, character or pur.
ose, and flow it has been shaken off
Lnd the great generous Russian people
iave been added, in all their native
najesty and might, to the forces that
tre fighting for freedom in the world,
or justice and for peace. Here is a
It partner flor a league of honor.'
Partnership of Honor.
"That partnership of honor in the
~reat struggle for human freedom, the
>ldest and greatest of democracies
low seeks in fraternal union with the
r'oungest. Practical and specific moth
>ds and the possibilities of our allies'
:o-operation, the members of the mis
ion would be glad to discuss with the
nembers of the government of Rus
Will Stim ilate Business.
Washington.-levery means of stimn
dlating business should be used now,
ays President Wilson in a lotter to 10.
. V. Rlitter, of the Merehants' and
banufacturers' exchange of New York
ity, just made pubflc. Mr. flitter
Vrote the President concerning Oeo
adv'isability of holding commercial
Ofnventions during the war.
Food Legislation to Pront.
Washiington.-Food control legisiea
ion now has the right of way in Con.
1-New telescolic Sight for the reg
of the United States Marine corps. 2
i big drive between Ypres and Armentloi
t arnarient for super-dreadnaughts. 4
faither, Constantine, forced to abdicat.
NEWS REVIEW OF
THE PAST WEEK
King Constantine of Greece Is
Compelled to Abdicate by
SECOND SON SUCCEEDS HIM
Liberty Loan of Two Billions Over.
Subscribed by People of United
States--Hope for Russia Re
Great Flag Day Address.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
Another ruler was pushed oT his
throne last week, and another nation i
probably added to those in active con
flict with the central powers. This
time it is Constantine 1, king of the
Hellenes, who has lost his crown. Af
ter diplomatic intriguing and open
quarrels tha't had bten going on ever
since the war started, he was forced
by the allies to abdicate, and his eld
est son, the crown prince, was barred
from the succession because of his pro
German proclivities. Constantine,
however, was allowed to preserve his
dynasty, at least for the present, by
nominating his second son, Alexander,
as his successor.
The abdication of the king was
brought about by Senator Jonnart of
France, who werit to Greece empow
ered by the allies to settle finally the
position of that country in the war.
He informed Premier Zalinis thati
troops were at his disposal to carry
out his decisions, but appealed to the
premier to use his influence toward a
peaceful arrangement, After consult
ing the crownt council, the king decid
edi to quit, and his abdication w~as an
nouncedl on Tuesday morning. Both
Constantine andl the former crown
prince haive left Greece already.
May Mean Much to Allies,
If Greece now~ deeiles to participatei
actively in the wvar, she enn throw into
the field an army of 500,000 men, well
tri-mIned hut not sufllieent (liqi ppedn.
Venizelos, the former premIer andm
conisisten'it opp)onenit oif Consitantine'Is
wvar lpoliey, has back of- htim l100.t00
mten, andu tough thle army ini genetratl
was loyal to the ex-king, it is predicted
the (entire fighting force (of the namt in
w~ill now take up armas agatinst lheI
Teuttonie p)owers and1( Turmkey. 'Is
might bring a bout a dlecidled ebian ge ila
the Blalkan sit uation. With the Greeks
actIng with the allies fronm Ihe south I
and the reorganized Rtoumnanian army I
and possibly the Russians striking
from the north, the line of eommnuni
cations between Germany and TPurkley
might wvell be cut and the Trurks forced
to sue for peace.
Alexander, the nlew king of Greece,
whlo is twenty-four years old, took the
oath on W~edniesdaiy. It is reasonable
to suppose he will act in accord wvith
the allies, for he has kept free from all 1
pro-German activities and seems to lbe
acceptable to M. Jonnart. In fact, lie
cannot (10 nuch otherwise, for the en- a
tente forces promptly seized control
of all of Greece. Professedly, their1
aim is the restoration of the constitu
tional government of that country. It'
was stated semiofficially in-W~ashington j
that the UnIted States had not taken m
any part in the deposing .of Constan
tine and had not been consulted by thle
entente p~owers. This emphasizes the
fact thnt we are allies of those powers'
in wanr, but not necessarily In diplo- I
''Te purpose of thme allies wvas not ae'
c'omplisthedl entirely without bloodshed.
A Greek colonel at Larissa fired nt
French cavalry, killing twvo ofillcers 1
and1( four privates. In the brief tight
that ensued (10 Greek soldiers were m
kIlled and1( 320, including 51 oflcers,t
were taken prisoner.
Liberty Loan a Great Success.
America's reply to the sneering~ as- e
sertions of Germany that the war Is I
WVilson's war anid is not supported by
the people of the United States came
with a loud sound when the books on <
the Liberty Loan were closed Friday
noon, It was announced that the loan
of $2,000,000,000 had been handsomely e
over-subscribed, and the signifleant i
fact is that it has been taken namain-. a
lation Springzith-ld rItlie t hat Is be ing Ies
Glen. Sir lieareri ner, cosn 1mnnnde of
Vs. 3--Sren in h liethleliei St eelw
'exanider, Idaig of t;revec, who alis been
"y the allies.
Iy by the ilbli men, woeni and (
chilren f ther nat io., not Iy the I
great Iuianceial inst itutiions. 'I'lis n I
01l, i IlOst dlesirable 1f)rom 11 (an eII
mle p)o int oft iewv, hut ia (onlsi ve)
evidene~e that theetIre nati1onl Is Imek
I ng tle gosvi'Iiuiermnent Inl tile coiliet
against despltisli. it was only neces
sary that the people should he Iwak
eled to tIII real sitiltion, and this was4
done with energy haid etlelency by th
press an'd by nnumeraile speakers
throughout the 1111d.
Renewed Hope for Russia.
Ilope an1d despairl concerning liussinl
liiterla1tely tike possesslin of the al
lies. Just now It Is the tur) of lope,
and there is a real prospect that the
new republie not olly can he prevented
from making selmnratte peace with the
reutons, iut ialy even he restored as
I potent 1111111ry factor. MInister of
War Kerenisky is succeeding to some
eXtelt inl re-est abl)ishing discipline In
the army, and nll incident on the itou
nini front, when three mutinous
eglinents were frorced to iIniconflit Ion
I] surrender by a large number of loyal
roops showed that most of the soldiers
ire disposed to biaek up the provision
II govermnent. The All-Russian coun.1
cil of peasants, furthermore, piassed by
ni vote of 100) to 4 i resolution to cut
off food supplies from Kronstadt If the
town did not Immediately join its rev
olutionary forces to those of Itussian
democracy, and demanding that the
governiment at -once force the absolute
submission of Kronst:idt.
President Wilson's llote to ltussia,
defining Amerlici's war aims, was re
ceived with much satisfaction every
w%,here except by the radical Russian
socialists and ill Germany, andl(] was
promptly followed by one from Great
Britain which virtually stated that Mr.
Wilson had spoke1n for his entente al
les. Of course the interpretation of
he phrase "peace without annl1xla
ions" is still a stumbling block, for
3rent Britain, Franice and Italy take
he posi tion that the14 restoration of
'stolen" lands, such as Aisace-L~or
211ne4, Italia Irredlentai and1 other re
iOns, mullst not he4 conlsldered as5 annelx
Ltlons, ThIt oot commlilssion, wilehi
ad1( a trIiumpha~ilnt tip ne(ross Siberial,
.9 colmtedl on1 to (14 a great deal11 to~waird
md( ait tis writing it reailly looks 21s
hioughi she Will not1 y'leid1 to the blun
Ilshmients of tile kauiser and1( hIs so(elal
st 114 and ninst eiissar:1 ies. The great
hange ini Grieece al so is ilooked( upon)1
s likelyv to inlinence4 iluia~i h~eenusex
If tile ('ff'et it Is sure( to halve (In thei
Th eyweakne4ss oIf the4 Iliussian
n'o v1i)ional go)v(IIllernmet has enused'4 the
('rmanl conser)l5'lvat ists to) ab1andon411 hope)
if persund22ing1 Itussin Ito a sepalrait 1
>enee4!t for' as9 llrr i4leerandi, 1 teir
('nder'1, salys, such1 a) cour1se w1ould he
ut11 iieuless the3 gover-nent wd'4e
:|trong enlou~gh to combant thle al les
tusshi wouhl be4 forsakIng.
Al r. Itoot 1)nd( Is colleatgues . and1 111so
114 Amer(1 linn)1 riway3 enlgineering coml
iissioni r'eached I'etrogradi on1 Wlednes
hIly. Oni th ame214 (1day(14 the tussialn
111ssion to) till Uited1 '4 Stafltes Ilanded 4 lit
I 'ne(ltle' (cons5 1)0rt andi starIted( for
Vashinggton. It is hea lded by Boris A.
lakhmeilt left' as specaial bassaidor.
General Pershing in France.
G~leeral I'er'sing and1( his staf', after
eve'ral (days (of work and14 entertain
lent ini Ltodon, cross5ed over Into
'ranc 21 and)1( were enthuislistienl ly r'e
elvedi ini both Boullogne and1( I'aris.
1' whlerenhou)its (If his expedi4ltionar'y
orce-eiledI by tile Germain press an
mllerienn arm blu' )1tff-had niot bee nn
oun1ced1 alt the time of writing.
Th'iere4 were two si gni fican dei4velop
'Wents on the4 batttle fronts of Europe.
''eI itlho~ls, resting for tihe pr'esent
roll t heIr advance On Tlrieste, made
ig4oous a1ttack oin tihe Austrians in
he4 Trentino 1)1, gainling some imlportanut
osts and14 lngnin thlreatening T1rent. On
lhe 1h'eighll front niear tile seaconst
here wias great actIvity bly 1the lirtil
'ry, seemin211g 1o indienate the inltention
f' the allies to try for a push iln that
('gin tIlIowlard OStend( and1( Z4'ehruigge.
'h1'entl lirlitimae securei thleir gaais of
1st wetek and1( aidvanced farit her (east
nd1 northleast of Messines, wile the
'irenchl repulseCd all attacks farther to
lbe south. The allies seem1 to have
dopted a new plan in France, making
ach drive a battle complete in itself;
ley have dlemonstrated, they feel, that
hec German military power can be
rusehed, and the speed with which this
4 to lie done depends largely on the
id given by the ntae ate.
ted by the quarterinaster's departinent
th Iritish zilrny that maild'e the recent
1Ik s where 1' lhe Sam1 is maliking heavy
phwved oni the thronle to succeed his.
)In 'I'i arisday It was anllioulced that
the Gerimans lad :lhaiioilned ipillortanut
sec'tons of their fronit, beweei Lys
river -Ind 8t. Yves.
Wilson's Flag-Day Address.
Fiag Itay, .Juniie 11, was niiarked by
th3e .i'0hu(lesist anl iid soleitnily by
which It was celebrat~ed throughout. thet
vounltry, land allso bly it niotable address
by prvesident WVilson InI Wa1shinlgtoul. 'Mr.
\ilson iignini set forth clearly Ithe Iea
soil why we Iave enteredl the wa',
forced thereto by the insults and aig
gressions of the Gerinnul goverlllnilt ;
I. dlrew at ivid picture of the Gerilan
iltrigues in tile linikaiis. Turikey, ['er
slit, halla land Egypt land described thlt
grealt (einran plan to tIhIrow it helt of
inflitairy power land politicnl Control
neross the center of E'urope and lIuto
the heart of Asin; he told how fair this
scheime hald belen carried toward sue
cess, land where It had biven foiled, an11d
Owen Scnthingly denlounceed thle deceit
fil efforts to secure pence that the eir
iain goverutient htas been makiig for
a year beenlse it knows its plin ha11.s
failed land is triying to preserve its pto
litient power ait home land, indeedl, Its
'ie presihent fairly took the hilae!
off tile friends and partisanx (if thelt
Gernian governmnent tin this country.
They will Imtake no ileadwly, he de.
clared, for they land their thinly-dis
guised disloylties ire known, and the
truth is plainly seen by our people.
"Woe be to tilhe man1 or group of men
'lilt seeks to stand lin our wly In this
day of high resoliution," Cried tile chilef
inlgist I te, "when every principle we
hold dearest Is to be vindicated and
iade secure for the siialvation of the
Japan 1as been stirred to fresh Jr
ritatlon against the United States he
(ienuse ou1r government selit a note to
Cinia regarding tlie dissension therO
nnil expresing tile loie that trillquil
netve visl rt tht t heli' special posItion
in Chlina 1s vital and1( mulst lhe jelously
guard'oed, and14 thalt tihe United Staltesq,
ini seninlig the nlote withlout first con
suitinig Jaipani, lgnoredi thiat speelnli pot
54ecretary Lainig explins t hat t ho
holguis copy (If tihe American noteI pub.
liIshed' ini TIokyo,
Japan Is :about to end( 1a comitniissioni
to theit ed11 i44 Sitates' to arr''anget co0-op1.
eraIt 1411nI in ihe war h et w'in ihe IWO un-i
tions, and1 tol dIscuss the complex ques
iiins conlcerin~g thel far East. Th11
KeI ku1jliro 1Ish11, f(or'irlyi foreignl min
Murderous Air Raid on London.
anotheilr (of thieir mullrder'ous andi ul'e'ss
(quaniIti's of h)ombs1 mo1st ly 4on t he
East e'nd. Niniety-seven plerson1s wiere
killedi and1 437 wolund1ed. Amonelg ite
deado wer1e 1(1 womlen andie 211('i hilren.
Thle ralidlers were'5101 soon ' dr4ie offll by
Bittish ayiators and( li lant i'irrnt enn
nlon. It is ai wonder' that these re'penit
ed raids (10 not dive~' tile lIt ish11 to
reprirsai on somet (If t he uniifort Ifi1ed
cities (of Germnany'.
The11 weely repi''jort of th Ill'Itish ad-1111
mlralty showed 38 lJtish11 vessels1 sun1k
by3 subina rIines, till lairgest numbewr for
fiye weeks, hut still fai' helow the( mariik
set by te Germaniiis ns nec'essalry for
theo st arvaitIion oif Englanad. Amaong tile
victim 115(f UJ-boati s repiorted41i duing thle
week were( thel AlnerIennl stetnilp
Petroli te, thle Ley3land Iineri' Anaglin
and1( thle SouthI A 1lan I t liner' S('qualnal.
The lnst nitmed'l wias (nrryhitig Senega
lese trioops an d iflt) mnen werie lost. An
Ameriennl5 (I iteisipl onli ariva'l a lt an
Atlainte por0it rep'Iorted thaiit 511e had
I'll nnetd Illld snik at (h'rian subm)la
Ini ('ongr'ess thle 'oniferen'Ice report on
the arm3iy and nav1ly dlefliency appro
piltIion hi11ll'was alccepted and1( thIs
greaitest oIf war buidgets, carrying $3,-,
:.50.00.(X) waIs senit to the presIdent
for his lippr'ov'a. T1he administratIon
foodl ('ontrio huti am lip-for d1ius
slon in the senate and was bitterly
alttalcked4 by Senator floed of Missouri
and1( others because of theO power it
proposes to lodge in a "food dIctator"
or' 80ome other agency selected bly tho
president. Mr. Reed also severely
criticized Herbert 0. Hoover, whom
Mr. Wilsoit has selected as head of the
rood conptfoi agency.'
RAISE.FUND FOR R Q S
Governor Begins Campaign FQr9O
000 to Alleviate Suffering D
War.-County Chairmen Name.
Columbia.-South Carglina has bot
asked to contribute $300,000 of j1 I
$100,000,000 to be raised in the Un
ted States for the support of the Red
Cross (luring the war period. This
large fund must be raised by 'popular
Presi(lent Wilson has set aside the
week of June IS to 25 as Red"Cross*
week when the American people are
expected to raise the above amount
by sacrificial gifts.
The following have been asked by
Gov. Manning to act as county chair.
V. P. Green, Abbeville; J. B. Sal
loy, Aiken; G. Cullen Sullivan, An
(ersol; ii. M. Graham, Bamberg;
Sllarry ). Calhoun. Barnwell; Dr. E1l
Hlt. Beauf'ort ; E. J. Dennis, Pinopo
lis; J. Scot-towe Wannamaker, St.
Matthews; It. G. Ihett, Charleston;
Dr. Lee Davis lAdge, Gaffney; R. B.
Oaldwell, Chester; H3. W. Duval'l,
Cheraw; Oharlton DuRant, Manning;
W. W. Smoak. WnIterboro; C. W.
Coker, lartsville; A. B. Jordan, Dii.
lon; Legare Walker, Summerville;
Ben Nicholson, Edgefleld; J. E,. Mc
Donald. Winnsboro; Joseph A. Mc
Cullough, Greenville; 11. L. Watson,
Greenwood; George Warren, Hump
lon; It. B. Scarborough, Conway;
Oharles J. Shannon. Jr., Camden; Le
Roy Springs, Lancaster; W. A. Watts,
laurcns; W. It. Scarborough, Bishop.
ville; D. F. Efird. Lexington; P. W.
Johnson, Marion; ). D. McColl, Ben.
nett.sville; Dr. George 11. Cromer,
Newberry; I. T. Jaynes, Walhalla;
B. 1-1. Moss, Orangeburg; W. S. Smitih,
Pickens; Dr. J. A. Hayne, Columbia;
B. W. Crouch, Saluda; Howard B.
Carlisle, Spartanhurg; Neil O'Don
nell. Suiter; Allen Nicholson, Union;
J. D. O'Bryan. Kingstree; John T.
Roddey, Rock Hill.
Select Defense Council Boards.
Colmbin.-in portant committees to
carry on the work of the state coun.
0i' of defense have been appointed
by David It. Coker. of -arteville,
clh airman of the council. Headquarters
for the council will be opened at an
early date in Columbia. Plans fo
making the work of the council effec.
tive during the war period are now
The following conmmit-tees have been
Execultive and finance committee:
D. R. Coker. chairman; William PM.
liotit, vice chairman; John G. Rich.
ards, Christie Benet, J. Ross Hana,
han, W. W. Long, Ira B. Dunlap.
Publicity: Robert Latha.n, chairman;
William Banks, C. 0. ilearon.
Military matters: E. M. Blythe,
chairman; Dr. F. H1. McLeod.
Pioductlon and conservation of
foodstuffs: Bright Williamson, chair.
man: W. W. ljong. A. C. Phelps.
Industries and exemptions: A. F.
McKi-sskk. chairman; Robert Mc.
Dougal, John T. Stevens.
Transportation: J. W. Wassum,
chairman; Otto Klettner, Robert G.
Alleviation of distress caused by en.
listment: Horace L. TPilghm'an, cdhair
man ; E. J. Watson, John S. Reynolds.
Coordination of activities of patriot.
ic organizat;ons: Dr. John FE. White,
chairman; Miss E. E. McClintock, E.
IResearch and education: WV. M.
R iggsu, ch airm an; J. E. Sirrine, J. Roe
Co-opcerartion of negro organizartions,
JTohn F. Mayh-ank, chairman; Brighti
Army Worms in Andersoon.
Anders'in.--S. M. Blyar-s, county do.
monstrat ion agent, reports a tremen.
dians invasionlci of .army worms on all
growi 'g (1ro)1 in the souitheirn part of
Arieirson couinty next to the Abbeville
lin-e. Th'ie wornms are doing very do.
i-t ructive work and farmers are organ
izing~ 1o combah~t them, wvorking under
the diirectioin of Mr. Blyars. In Abbe
yillo county. wvhere the invasion Is
grenates-t, miany farmers ran illows all
thirough Sunday to put in .ditches
around infected fields. Mr. Byars
says moths laid their eggs early this
spring og~ alfalfa and vetch, the first
growing crops, andl the attacks on
these fleldls are more severe than 'on
other crops at this time. The pests
are begin-ning to work on cotton and
SOUTH4 CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Several large rattle snakes have
been kiled in Bull swamp near Swan
Two large lots of cotton--164 bales .
and 172 bales--were sold at Jefferson
last week at 25 cents per pound.
Dr. EI. HI. Dobsoon of Gaffney, has
entered the corps of dental surgeons
of the army.
Alister 0. Furman of Greenville, was
re-elected president of the South Car.
olina UTnderwvriters Association at the
annual meeting at Charleston.
The Methodist congregation at Con
way have just completed a handlsome
The contract for a steel bridge to
span Broad river between York and
Cherokee counties has been let.
The 24'th annual session of the ED
worth League was held at Sumter last
Five. carloads of fine cattle boughn
by the far-mers of Florence county
Organization for a vigorous cam.
paign in South Carolina to rais'e $300,*
000 for the Red Cross has bees