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LONDON IS AGAIN
RAIDED BY AIRMEN
OFFICIAL REPORT SHOWS THAT
THIRTY-SEVEN WERE KILLED
AND 141 WOUNDED.
THREE RAIDERS SNOT DOWNI
Most Daring Raid Yet Made by Ger
man Airmen-Contingent Larger
and Descended Lower Than on Any
Previous Raid. I
London.-The second descent upon
London by a squadron of airplanes
was made between nine and ten
o'clock in the morning, when the
business section of the metropolis was
most crowded. It was officially an
nounced that thirty-seven persons
were killed and 141 injured by the
Although the German contingent
was larger, more daring, more delib
erative in its methods and descended
much lower than on the visit of June
13, the number of killed and wounded '
was, according to the first official roll,
roughly, one-third the previous casual
ty list. This destruction of property
may have been greater, but that it is
impossible to estimate.
The flight of the Germans over Lon
don lasted about twenty minutes. Eng
lish airmen engaged the enemy for
several minutes over the metropolis,
and anti-aircraft guns were firing
briskly, but without destroying any of
the twenty or more invading machines.
The admiralty was able to report
hlowever, that naval airmen who fol
lowed them to sea brought down three
machines. A British squadron sent up
from Dunkirk to intercept the return
ing raiders did not encounter them
because they had taken a more north
erly route, but the British airmen met
and destroyed seven other German
WILSON ORDERS EXPORT
PROVISION INTO OPERATION.
Becomes Effective July 15.--Complete
Embargo of Foodstuffs Considered.
Washington.-- Government control
of American exports authorized in a
provision of the espionage act, was or
dered put into operation July 15 by
President Wilson in a proclamation I
putting under license shipments to all
countries of the most important ex
In a statement accompanying the
proclamation, the President declared
the government's policy will be first
to give consideration to American
needs; next, to meet as far as pos
sible the requirements of the allies,
and lastly to supply the neutral coun
tries wherever practicable. It is
mado clear that every effort will be
made to see that no supplies reach the
'rhe coplmodlities named inl the list
put under contr-ol are c-oal, coke, fuel,
oils, kerosene andI gasoline, including
bunkers, food grains, flour andl meal,
fodder and feeds, meats and fats, pig
Il-on, steel billets, ship plates and
structural shapes, scrap iron andi sc-rap
steel; ferro manlganese fertilizers,
arms, ammunitiotn and1( evpiosives.
Thle inclusion of foodstuffs inl the
proclamationl lends color to statements
that the administration~ is c-onsidierinlg
the advisability of a complete embar
go for sixty days on all food ship
inents to give the country time to as
cribe the amounts of its su~pplies andi
to give alliedl and neutral countries
opportunity to presenlt a full program
o ftheir requirements.
CHINESE REPUBLIC IS
Washington.-Official dispatches to
the Chinese legation here said the
republic had been firmly re-established
at Nanking with Feng Kue-Ch~ang, the
former vice president, as president of
the new provisional government. Re
putblican troops were reported con
verged toward Peking to drive out the
Manchu forces remaining in posses
sion there in the name of the imper
GERMAN DOES NOT
KNOW WHERE TO GO
Richmond, Va.--Asserting that he
does not know where to go. and that
he does not want to go to Mexico, E.
K. Vietor, erstwhile German consul
htere, coul~d net tell whiat he would
do as a resullt of thle report froml
Washington, requesting thlose who
were in chlarge of German conlsulates~
in this coutntr-y to leave theo United
States. Hie recently disp~osed of his5
tobacco warehouse proper-ty for $100..
WILL NOT TOLERATE
ROWDYISM BY SOLDIERS'
New York.--Soldiers wilo inlterfere
with free speech, free press or the
right peaceably to assemble and peti
tion the government, break the law,
according to a statement of Secretary
of War Baker. The Secretary's com.
munication was in response to a re
-quest against soldiers and mili
tiamen "breaking up meetings, arrest.
lng citizens, raiding rooms and head
quarters depsite the protests of olti
etns to the police."
Seward Prosser, prominent banker
and director of many big business en
terprises, is chairman of the Red Cross
war finance committee.
TROOPS ARE SAFE IN FRANCE
GERMAN UNDERSEA BOATS MADE
ATTACK ON THE TRANS
Last Units of the American Expedi
tionary Forces Have Arrived in
France.-Not a Life Was Lost Dur
ing the Transportation.
convoying transports with troops for
France fought off two submarine at
tacks. The first news of the fights
was given out by the committee on
public information, with formal an
souncement of the safe arrival of the
ast of the transports with their con
At least one submarine was sunk
Both of the attacks were made in
force, showing that the Germans had
information of the coming of the
transports and planned to get them.
This announcement was issued:
"The navy department at five
o'clock this afternoon received word
of the safe arrival at a French port
of the last contingent of General
Pershing's expeditionary force. At the
same time information was released
that the transports were twice attack
ed by submarines on the way across.
"No ship was hit, not an American
life was lost, and while the navy gun
ners report the sinking of one sub
marine only there is reason to believe
that others were destroyed in the first
FRANCE AND ENGLAND
CELEBRATES FOURTH OF JULY1
United States Soldiers Center of Cele-f
bration in France.
American Independence day was cel
ebrated enthusiastc-ally in England
and( France as well as on the battle
fronts. In Paris, a battalion of the
first American expeditionary force on
its way to the front was the center
of the celebration. The soldiers of
revolutionary Russia maintained their
attempts to break through the Aus
tro-German lines in eastern Galicia.
Cheered by the results of the fighting
during the first three days of July,
General Blrussiloffs men continue their
efforts. especially in the region of
B3rzezany andl are throwing fresh forces
against the Teuton positions.
During Sunday ana Monday the
first two days of the new drive, the1
Ruslans captured 300 officers and
18,000 men, and on Tuesday and Wed
nesday probably added several more'
thousands to the total. Twenty-nine~
guns and thirty-three machine guns;
were taken from the Austro-Germans.,
Violent artillery duels have been in
progress on the Konluchk-Zlochoff
sector, on the Stokhod, in Volhynia
and at Brody, on the Ga-lician-Vol
In the Champagne on the western
front the German crown prince has
niade another desperate and fruit
less effort to break the French lines!
northwest of Rheims. Attacking in
force aloiig an eleven-mile front, the
G~ermnans made especially strong er.I
ror-ts around Corny and Ailles and
against thew Callfornia-Plateou. The
Ftrenchl repulsed all attacks with
INVESTIGATiON OF RACE
RIOTS IN EAST ST. LOUIS.
East St. Lcuis, Ill. '-A federal inves
igation of race riots here in which
hirty-three negroes and four whites
were killed and approximately 310
tegro homes were burned was begun
my Col. George H. Hunter, chief quar
termaater of the central division of the
United States army. Colonel Hunter
la under instructions to make a full
report of the trouble to Maj. Gen.
Thomas H. Barry at Chicago, corn
mandant of tha cnteas dartent.
FOUR MEMBERS OF THE CREW
WERE LOST WHEN THE SHIP
ARMED NAVAL GUARD SAVED
The State Department Announced the
Sinking of the U. S. Steamship
Orleans, But Withheld the Place
and Time of Attack.
Washington.--The American steam
ship Orleans, of the Oriental Naviga
tion company, has been torpedoed and
sunk by a submarine. Four of the
crew were drowned, but all members
of the armed naval guard were saved.
The state department, announcing
the sinking, withheld the place and
the time of the attack.
New York.-The Orleans, a vessel
of 2,808 tons gross, left here June 18
with a cargo for France, commanded
by Capt. Allen D. Tucker. Of her
crew of thirty-six, ten were American
After Germany announced unre
stricted submarine warfare, the Or
leans was the first American steam
ship to reach France from an Ameri
can port. She was formerly the Avel
lanede, and later the Menaptha, under
the Argentine flag.
SELECTION OF NEW
ARMY NEAR AT HAND.
Officials Are Silent But Drawings Will
Likely Take Place This Week.
Washington.-Selection day for the
new national army is approaching rap
idly as the local exemption boards in
the various states complete their or
anization, give serial numbers to the
registration cards and forward certi
led copies to Provost Marshal Gen
iral Crowder. Indications are that
he drawing will be held this week, but
io official statment has been made as
.o the war department's plans.
Administration officials still main
ain strict silence as to the method to
be followed, but the recent statement
by Secretary Baker that the drawing
would be held in Washington. coupled
with the stres laid upon the serial
numbering of registration cards, indi
cates the general outline of the plan.
it is understood that it is proposed to
place in a single jury wheel in Wash
ington one complete set of numbers.
When a number is taken from tho
wheel, the man in each exemption
district whose card bears that serial
number will be drafted. Thus as
each number is drawn, approximately
30,000 men will be drafted, or one in
each exemption district. If 1.200,000
men are to be called before the ex
emption boards in the first selection,
which seems highly probable, only
forty numbers would need to be
There are numerous complications
which must arise and the method of
solving them can be known only when
the plan in detail is made. For in
stance, the number of registered in
Elividuals in each district wvho are lia
ble for military service will certainly
rnot be the same. Aliens are regis
tered, but not liable for duty.
PLOT TO DESTROY CROPS.
Soux Falls, S. D.-Regular army of
Icers in South Dakota claim to have
'eliable information that Industrial
Workers of the World leaders in the
itate have maps of the agricultural
listricts of the state, and have men*
stationed throughout the state who
will make simultaneous attempts to
aurn this season's crops.
Federal officers have been ap
praised of the plot, and every effort
sill be made to apprehend those con
eted with it, it was said. The reve
ations were made public as a warn
ng to the farmers of the state to
guard against the activities of the plot
AfORKING OF SPIES
DISCLOSED BY NORTHCLIFFE.
Washington.-Lord Northcliffe, head.
f the British mission in this country,
mnthorized publication of parts of a
'onfldential speech on spies and cen
;orship made to the National Press
alub July 4. IHe described the work
if spies in England and the flood of;
ratal information that pours over the
aables through neutral countries to
Trermany, and spoke of the dlangers of
mny except technical military and
iaval censorship of the press.
SAMUEL GOMPERS AND
ROOSEVELT iN TILT.
New York.-Denial by Samur'l Gomn
ers, president of the American Fed
aration of Labor, that trades unions
iad had any share in the Eost St.
rouis riots, which was met by a xe
dement denunciation by Theodore
Roosevelt of the mu--'der ot helpiess
legroes, precipitatbl a tumuiiltuous de
nonstration at a ,ass meeting held
n Carnegie hail here in honor of the
tussian mnission to the U~nitdSates.
Captain Osborne Wood, son of Maj.
Gen. Leonard Wood, commander of the
Southeastern department, Inspecting
arms of a company of Harvard's regi
RACE RIOTS AGAIN START UP
MOB FIRES HOMES OF NEGROES
AND SHOOT OCCUPANTS AS
Twelve Companies of National Guard
on Duty.-Estimates on Number
Killed During Day of Rioting Run as
High as 250.
East St. Louis, I11.--An estimate of
the dead in the race riot and fire rang
ed from fifteen to seventy-five, of
whom two were white men.
Buildings were still burping at four
different points in the city.
The property loss was estimated by
City Attorney Fekete at $8,000,000.
Forty injured negroes and six injur
white men in one hospital and almost
an equal number in another.
Oolonel Trlpp, assistant adjutant
general, stated shortly before mid
night that the rioting crowds had for
the most part dispersed.
At least fifteen negroes were shot
and killed by mobs here as they fled
from their burning homes which had
'en set on fire by white mobs. The
exact number who perished in the
burning houses, if any, is unknown,
and will not be ascertained until the
ruins are searched.
Military rule was proclamed and at
the same time 300 white men were ar
rested and locked up at police head
quarters. Negro quarters in various
parts of the city are on fire and the
flames recah the very edge of the
Estimates of the number of negroes
who perished in the fire ran as high
as 100. but there was nothing authen
tic on which to base these estimates
except that hundreds of whites stood
around the edges of the burning dis
tricts and fired at the negroes as they
tied from their homes.
State's Attorney Schaumloeffel, of
St. Clair county, drove through the
riot-swept district with Police Inspec
tor Walsh, of St. Louis, Mo. The
state's attorney estimated that the'
dead negroes would number 260. All
estimates, however, are conjectural.
The mayor of East St. Louis sent
for Fire Chief Swingley of St. Louis,
Mo., to assist in fighting the flames,
which threatened to destroy a large
part of the city, A company of the
St. Louis fire department started to
East St. Louis but was ordered back
by Chief Swingley.
KERENSKY LEADS RUSIAN
TROOPS IN BRILLIANT VICTORY,
Thousands of Prisoners Taken and
Petrograd.The brilliant Russian
udvance, the news of which has sent
S wave of rejoicing through the en
tire country, was led by War Minis
ter Kerensky in person.
For the last four days the war min
later has been continuously at the.
front, spendiing every effort to urgo
the troops to advance. He~ finally
rode to the front line trenches and
placing himself at the head of tho
t roops gave the ordler to advance.
GREEK DESTROYER LOST
IN MEDITERRANEAN SEA.I
Paris.--The Greek dlestroyer Doxa,
manned by French officers and crew
has been blown up in the Mediterran
ean sea. Twenty-nine men Including
all the officers, were lost. The offi-I
eial announcement of the Doxa says
that the destroyer sang as the result of
i dlouble explosion on June 28. The
Doxa was then within one hundredj I
r'ards of a merchant vesel which she
IN HUNT_FOR SPIES
PERPLEXING PROBLEMS THAT
MUST BE MET IN STAMPING
REPRESENTATIVES OF ALLIES
Have Come to America in Effort to
Run Down German Agents.-Many
Schemes Set on Foot by Detectives.
Washington.-More complete and
efficient co-operation of United States
secret service agents with those of
its European allies is recognized as
he great problem that must be met
In stamping out the spy evil.
While it was stated that opercttives
of the state, war, navy, and justice
departments are co-operating with
good results in running down active
alien enemies, it was strongly indicat
ed that much remained to be accom
plished in relationships with the ser
vices of foreign countries.
Representatives of the allies al
ready are in this country, it is under
stood, and are working to bring about
the desired co-operative action. This
work, for obvious reasons, could not
be considered seriously before the
United States entered the war, and
the working out of the ramifications
of a co-ordination scheme require un
usual discussion, as well as time for
setting the actual machinery in mo
The secret service of the United
States was confronted at the entrance
of America into the war with a pro
gram of discouraging magnitude. The
machinery of the departments, built
up almost entirely for the handling
of domestic problems, was suddenly
required to shoulder the immense bur
dent of coping with thousands of plot
ters and spies.
Many schemes set on foot by enemy
Dlotters have been thwarted and it is
said that the archives of the depart
ments contain records of activities,
which would, if made known, be of
That the attacks upon American
transports were the result of the work
of spies is accepted generally in
Washington without surprise. The
sailing of transports, although not
mentioned by the newspapers, was
known to a large number of persons,
who witnesed the transfer of troops
from points in the United States and
MAJOR GENERAL WOOD
INSPECTS CHARLOTTE SITES.
During One Day's Stay He Visits
Three Sites and Delivers Two
Charlotte.-Geeneral Leonard Wood,
commander of the United States army,
department of the southeast, spent
Thursday, July 5, in Charlotte, and it
was a busy day for the distinguished
soldier and citizen.
In addition to inspecting three pos
sible sites for an army camp which
it is hoped will be located at Char
lotte, he found time to deliver two
addresses, one to an audience of
thousands on the First Presbyterian
church~ lawn at six o'clock in the
evening, and the other following the
banquet served at the Selwyn hotel
in his honor at 8:30 o'clock. For no
matter how busy the general is, and
in those stirring times of preparation
that America may do her part in the
world-struggle for democracy no man
is busier, he always finds time to
preach the "doctrine of preparedness"
and never loses an opportunity to say
a word, wherever he may be, that wi
help to stir the American public to a
realization of the gravity of the crisis
with which the American nation is
In his rather blunt, but direct and
soldierly way, General Wood told
N'orth Carolinians a good many things
they had probably not heard or
thought of before, and it is not to be
guestionod that he went away from
Charlotte leaving the people of this
2ity a deeper sense of duty and obli
ration that falls upon every citizen
in this time of national peril.
OVER NEWS PROM CHINA.
Washington.-Belief here that the
monarchial coup d-etat in China is de
;tined to failure, was increased by
3ach new item of news which came
:o the attention of the state depart
nent. Minister Reinsch reported that
ieveral, at least some of the northern
nilitary leaders, who are felt to hold
he country's destiny in their hands,
iave taken the field in opposition to
3neral Chang Hlsun's attempt to de
;troy republicanism in China.
Mexico About to Get in Line.
El Paso, Texas.-Sinice the Pro-ally
sampaign in Mexico startel by El
Universal in Mexico City, the senti
rnont favoring the allies~ has reached
northern Mexico, and during the past
thirty days a well-defined movement
avoring an open break with Germany
mnd the alignment of Mexico on the
'ide of the entente allies has devel.
>ped. This has been in spie of the
>ro-German sentiments published daily
n Chihuahua City and in other pa
'ers believed to be subsidized by thel
lermann in tnor..'
FEDERAL FARM FUND
FIRST LOAN IS MADE PROM
COLUMBIA FARM LOAN
GIVES CHECK FOR $1,600
Paid to V. A. Calk and Mother.--As.
socations Will Receive Money
Columbia.-The first .leaa has been
made by the Columbia federal farm
loan . bank through the Saxa-Gotha
national farm loan association of Lex.
ington county. The 1,000 local farm
loan associations in North Carolina
Georgia and Florida have been in a
spirited but friendly race to secure
the first money under the new govern
The loan was made to V. A. Calls
and his mother, Mrs. Adelaide T. Calk
on 130 acres of land and was for $1,600.
The interest on the loan will be flive
per cent and one per cent is to be
paid annually on the principal. The
loan will run for thirty-six years and
the amount to be paid will be $96 a
year for thirty-five years and $161.44
on the thirty-sixth year.
It so happens that the first loan
was made in the home county of Con.
gressman A. F. Lever, a member of
the rural credits committee handling
the farm loan act in Congress.
The Columbia farm loan bank hay
-been well organized and loans wil:
now be made as rapidly as possible
Appraisers have been appointee
throughout the district and attorneys
are being named to prepare the ab
C. M. Efird is secretary of the as
sociation securing the first loan. The
abstract was prepared by W. B. Ma.
non, assistant counsel of the farm
loan bank and was approved by Rob
ert H. Welch, general counsel.
The Columbia farm loan bank made
no special effort to make an early
loan, but went about the work of or.
ganizing the district in a business like
manner, perfecting all machinery be
fore attempting to let out money.
Mrs. Calk and her son came to Co
lumbia when they received the chec
for the loan from F. J. H. Von Engel.
ken, president of the bank.
Building Houses For Divielon.
Columbia.-Eighteen hundred mes
are working at a driving speed for
eight hours a day to build the Colum
bia cantonment. The camp will be
completed by September 15 and will
house 40,000 of the new National army.
Many train loads of material are be.
ing received daily and other workmen
will be put to work as soon as they
Several barracks, each 130 'feet long
and 30 feet wide, each to accommodate
160 men are being constructed. Three
hundred such buildings will be re.
quired for the division and several
must be erected daily if the camp is
to be completed.
Several hundred laborers are en
gaged in building the Columbia stree
railway line to the camp, It will' no
be many days until the line in in oper
ation, which will greatly facilitate the
matter of handling the laborers.
Offices are being constructed at th.
camp for the executive staff of the
Hlardaway Construction Company
Work is also being rushed en the cor
struction of a 16 inch water main fron
Columbia to the camp, a distance o
Motor Truck company No. 40, witl
33 large motor cars, is on duty at th.
camp. The guard duty w'll be 1sf
to the Second battalion, First regi
mont, National Guard of South Care
Eggs Bring Good Prices.
Columbia.--Prices for eggs hold
reasonably profitable range, despite th
great bulk of vegetables now bein:
offered. Quotations throughout th
state are 26 and 30 cents a dozen. But.
ter continues to sells at 35 and 40 centr
The creamery product is somewhe
Cloudburst at Olanta.
Olanta.-There was a cloudburst u.
the section from two to five mil
south and southeast of Oalinta, pa.'
ing through the Central communit y
towards Lake City, Fortunately
there was little wind and no hail, at
that no great damag~e was done. The~
roads and rolling lands were ba'
washed, some dwellings struck
lightning and some damage to cro>
especially young corn and tobac
Unless sonme disaster comes Ia.
this section will make a record c i
and tobacco crops.
Tax Books Closed June 30.
Columbia.-Thoe fiscal year of U'
tax department ends on June 30
each year andl Comptroller Genc..
Sawyer has instructed all county a
cials to plose their books op the'
date so a' to check up and have a~
settlemen *.of the taxes of 1916.
the next roe months the office 'f
flomeitrolle ji general will be buV '
miaking th settlements. Mr. Soi
Per return o Columbia a few de
ago, after 5g made the settlemi'ent
luring th 'k at Lexington, Aikoi