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THE WORLD OVER
iappenings of This and Other Nations
for Seven Days Are
THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH
What Is Taking Place in the South.
land Will Be Found in
Formal return of a blanket indict
ment charging a nation-wide conspir
acy to hamper the government during
the war has been made In the United
States district court at. Chicago against
166 leaders of the industrial Workers
of the World.
Twenty-seven persons are known to
have been killed and more than a
score injured in a head-on collision
between a westbound St. Louis and
San F"anicisco train and an empty
train, which had been used for trans
porting troops, one mile southwest of
Four privates of the forty-fifth Uhit
ed Steals infantry stationed at Fort
Sheridan were run and Instantly killed
by a North Shore electric train at
Highland Park near Chicago.
Declaring Senator Robert. M. Lal'ol
letto of Wisconsin to "be the most sin
ister foe of democracy In this country,"
Theodore Roosevelt, in i speech on
"The Children of the Meltling Pot," in
Chicago, denounced the pacilists and
Reports from Chicago show that
there have been more than seventy-five
thousand applications for seats for the
world's baseball championship series
received at the park of the Chicago
American League club.
Efforts will be made to prevent tick
et scalping In the world's series games
to decide the baseball championship
between the New York National and
the Chicago American clubs.
Former Governor James E. Fergu
son of Texas was formally declared re
moved from office as governor of Tex
as and barred hereafter from holding
any public office of "honor, trust or
profit" in the state of Texas. William
P. Hobby, elected lieutenant governor,
is now the full-fledged governor of the
Lone Star state.
Maj. Gen. Hugh L. Scott, former
chief of staff, retired because he had
reached the age limit, will be placed
in charge of Camp Jackson at Colum
bia, S. C., vice Maj. Gen. Francis H.
French, given leave of absence on ac
count of illness.
Immediate wage increases of from
20 to 70 per cent will be demanded
by the country's coal miners, it is an
nounced in Washington, after a pre
liminary meeting of operators and the
miners' representatives of the central
It is reported that. the mine owners
will refuse to entertain requests for
increase of wages because the miners,
they contend, want too much.
The eleven billion dollar war cred
its bill authorizing the second Liberty
Bond issue has been signed by Pres
A call for a general meeting of South
ern cotton growers and those interest
ed In the industry-bankers, factora
and others--to consider the advisa
bility of holding cotton for a minimum
price of 30 cents per pound, has been
issued by Harry D. Wilson, Louisiana
commrissioner of agriculture. The con
vention Is called to meet October 2
fn Baton Rouge, the capital of Louisi
Thirteen British merchantmen of
sixteen hundred tons and over and
two vessels of less than sixteen hun
dred tons wer'e sunk by mines or sub
marines last week, according to the
weekly statement issued by the Brit
ish admiralty. In the aggregate this
is the smallest number of vessels to
have been sunk any one week since
German began her intensified subma
rine warfare last February.
Germany has aigreed to evacuate Bel
gium on cer'tain conditions, it is de
clared in a dispatch from Berne, given
out by wireless messages.
In a supplementary note to the reply
to Pope Benedict's peace proposal, Ge
many stipulaten that she must. have the
right to develop lher' economic enter
prises freely in Belgium, especially in
American army engineers sleeping in
their bari-acks have been under fire
from German airmen. Not an Ameri
can was hurt, dlespite a fursilade oif ma
chine guns fire from the air which rid
died the barracks' roofs and walls.
The American marines who have
been with Major General Sibert's comn
miandi have flow all been withdrawn
from 1,t and, split. up in to provost
guards in dozens of villages and citiea
of France, some of them also going to
In the Trentino, in the region of
exploded a mine under the Italian P0
sitions, but teItalian barrage fine pre
vented4 the enemy from making any
The Italians have repulsed attacks
-on the Bainaizza plateau, east of Go
Another hostile airplane r'aid on Lon
don is rep~orted to have takeun place on
the night of September 25I. There were
apparently twc attacs, for after a for
- ty mninutes' quiet interval anti-air craft
suns resutneo firing In the London dis
Although .there are no signs of panic
among the population of Petrograd,
and there are indications of returning
confidence, the partial evacuation of
Petrograd is proceeding irrespective
of whether the government will be
transferred to Moscow. A priceless
collection of pictures at the Hermi.
tage gallery Is already boxed for ship.
ment to an unknown destination. The
treasures of the synod and parochial
churches in Petrograd are also being
Of all the points of vantage sought
for and gained by Field Marshal Haig,
the village of Zonnebeke, probably, was
the most important, for six miles far
ther on lies the Ostend-illie railway,
the cutting of which by the British
would seriously interfere with opera
tions between German's naval bases at
Ostend and Zeebrugge and the south
er1 part of the line.
Northeast of Verdun the infantry ac
tivity on both sides has slackened.
On the Aisne frcnt artillery fighting
only is reported for several lays.
Attorneys investigating seditious
conspiracy for the Uniteti S1ates go V
ernment. issue this sltatemnt: "Th
prosecutions are under sections 6, 19
and 37 of the criminal corde. and un
der thel' espionuge act. Only ladr:
in the conspiracies; or th(,oe) prson~ally
(iui)mble in connectionl with the" per
pCtuation of crimes aga insI (he t'!iild
States are included as dlefenaInt."
There Is little doubt now Itha1 I
large deficiency will be shown when
the first increment of the national
artvny his been made. Seventeen Na
tional Guard divisions must be brought
up to War stre<ngth and several spe
cial service forces organized out of this
A. further credit of forty million dol
lars has been extended to France by
the United States government.
The credit of the allies up to Sep
tember 29 amounted to $2,466,400,000.
Peru has demanded that the German
government give satisfaction within
eight days for the sinking of the bark
,orton. Otherwise, diplomatic rela
1ion1 will be severed.
Col. E. M. House, a personal friend
of the president, Is collecting peace
data, but state department officials
state that this does not indicate that
the United States is looking for peace.
A virtual embargo on the export of
certain foodstuffs and feeds has been
"eclared by the exports administra
tive board. Such articles are food and
feed grains, oil cake and meal, animal
fats, vegetable oils and soap, caustic
soda and certain machinery.
The general conference of Unitarian
Ind other Christian churches, at its
wenty-seventh annual session in Mon
roal, Canada, repudiated by an over
yhelming vote a "pacifist" resolution
oncerning the entrance of the United
States into the war, and followed the
leadership of former President Wil
liam II. Taft in adopting a resolution
approving President Wilson's action
and declaring that "the war must be
carried to a successful issue."
More than thirteen thousand head of.
cattle have been moved from drought
stricken portions of Texas to the south
"astern states since July 1, the bureau
if animal industry of the department
)f agriculture announces.
A, Mexico City dispatch says that it
is stated on good authority that an in
vestigation showvs that the passage of
messages in German code between the
German legation and Berlin by way of
the Swedish legation and Stockholm
as revealed recently by Secretary of
State IAnsing extended as far back as
the early part of 1916.
The French chamrber of deputies has
passed the appropriation bill for the
last quarter of the year by a vote of
-80 to 4. The bill calls for 12,150,000
The department of agriculture and
the food administration will co-operate
in a campaign to increase the demand
throughout tile nation for cheap, pala
table and nourbehing foods. It is hoped
by this mlethod to maintain a reason
bile level of purices.
Rteturn to tile United States treas
ury of about $28.000,000 loanedl to va
ious states in 1936 and never repaid is
s;ought in a bill1 intr-oducedi by Repro
.eintative' (lark of Florida. Almost ev
01r' state in thle Union at that time
part icipatIedl in the loan.
Discovery of a dleposit of paraffine
in Chihuahua, Mexico, near the Amer-i
ran line, is announced in offIcial (11s
patches received in Washington from
the Mexican government.
Tile second Liberty Loan11 bond issue
will be for- three bill1ion (do11ars and
will matur-e in twenty-flyc years, re
deemable at tile option of the secre
tary of the treasury,
Washington hears that Germany
weakening, though not yet heaten-is
miaking a dlesierate effort for peace in
the fear of America-s might next year.
Tile United States govermnent, it is
alnnoiunlced from the wvar dlepartnment,
was informed long ago thlat Gelrmany
wold start- a new propagandah for
peafce to avoid a witer campaign and
the effects of America's participation
1.. the ar. Pealce feelers were fore
east in Washington by dliplomlata early
ill tihe month of August.
After two weeks' work b)y twenty
five entomologists of tile department
'of agriculltutre and Texas institutions,
11t is bielieved there is no longer any
dlanger- that thle pin1k ho013 worm wvill
becomle established near Hearne, 'Tex.
as, where it w~as diiscoveredl in a cot.
Every.American vessel of more than
twenty-flye hundred tonls (lead wveirht
calmiety available for ocean serrnce
will be requisitioned by the govorA
ment October 15. Tils announcement
ia made b~y the shipping board, giving,
at the same time, the chafter rates at
which the vessels w'll be taken over.
I i'ihiilograpdh of tie gain ('lirni
Vlc('h 1arries 25 lpassengeriis. 2
L~atin-American naltionls againlst
hardmclnent by the ermns . .1
where he at lendled at Iinch"Ieont of
NEWS REVIEW OF
THE PAST WEEK
House Decides to Investigate
Bernstorff's Plot to Influ
FIVE NAMED BY TOM HEFLIN
Bulgaria Ready to Quit War-Ger
many's Conditional Offer to Evacu
ate Belgium--Lansing's Expos
ures Well Timed-Haig Makes
Further Advances in Flanders.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
The house of representatives has de
ternined to investigate itself, or rath
r the action of certain of its mem
bers, as a result of the disclosure o:
the Bernstorff plot to infiuence con
gress and keep the country from en
tering the war, by the expenditure o
$50,000 ,through some organization
Representative Tom iHeflin of Ala
bama precipitated the inquiry by stat
ing in the house that he knew of some
congressmen whose actions were sus
picious. Called before the rules corn
mittee, he named Senator La Fol
lette, Representative at Large W. E
Mason of Illinois, Representative:
Fred A. Britten of Illinois, and Pal
rick D. Norton aind John M. Baer o
North Dakota. lie did not accus
anyone of receiving German mione3
but demanded that the netivities c
these flye mn he investigated.
Bulgaria Wants to Quit.
Bulgarin, having aittatinedi the end
for which she entered the war-tli
recovery of Dobrudja, Macedonia, an
parts of Serbia that were taken froi
her in the Balkan war-is ready I
quit fighting if permitted to retaini he
conquests. So says Stephan Pai
aretoff', Bulgarian minister to1(11
United States. ils country, he add
has no interest In Germany's ambi
tion to establish a Mittel Europa, an
would have preferred to enter the wi
on t he- side of the nallies, had t hel
promiises been ais uncondi tional
those4 of the kaiser.
Austria;Hlungairy, aneordinug to at
vices~ received in WVashington, is ral
14dly' nearinag collanpse, anid thle Ge
mian war party realizes that peace,
it is to be of thle G erman brand, mmll
he procured within six months or b
fore America gets fully int o neti
Tlhere is great distress throughout fti
realm of Emperor Charles and his pew
Pie would gladly stop fighting provh
ed they (10 not have to yild too miuc
Germany Offers Belgian Bargain.
The replies of Germany andi Austri
toe the popie's peace proposals, hlli
with high sounding phrases and( hypi
crisy, wVere virtually ignor'ed by the ai
lied governmuents9 and condemed
evasive and insincere by the pres
Therefore the kaiser cenme forwar
withb an atddendum, verbally expresst
to the p~apal nunclo at Munich by F'o
eign Secretary Kuehlman, in which 1
agreed to evacuate Belgium in ord<
to gain peace. But the offer wvas hedge
ahout by conditions that made all Il
non-Teutonic world laugh, lHe I
manded that Germmrny have the rigI
to deovelop her economic enterprist
freely in Belgium, especially in An
werp; that Belgium give ai guarani
that "any such menace as that whi(
threatened Germany in 1914 w~ould
future he excluded ;" that Belghtn m:
dlertake to maintain tho ndmainistrath,
s'eparationi of the Flanders and We
loon (1istricts Introduced by German;
and not enter into any commiercih
treaties aimed -at Germany. In r<
turn Germany offers graciously to coi
tribute a share of the comnensation I
he paid to the little nation she hij
The new Germa~n party organtzc
by Admiral von Tirpitz and others m
'oow in offico got into potion lastve
triplit. a siamp1le of which has belien se
-l'residecnt Irigoyen of Argentinn. who 1;
(ermay. 3-'he ('1111enu of l'eronne,
V.A1. I loiln, pri me minister of New So
11he Overseas club.
with the slogan "Peace without indem
nity means G(ermany's defeat." This
party serves to co-ordinate the activi
ties of the pan-German agencies and Is
getting large support. The social
democrats are gathering their strength
to combat it, anti the result is likely
to be a very pretty fight when the
Little News From Russia.
Little is heard and still less i4
known lust now about conditions in
Russia. Plots, counter plots and ac
cusations have not yet unseated Keren
sky, and he and the soldiers' and work
men's council may finially establish
complete control over the situation.
The troops in the field and in garrisons
have been murdering their officers by
the score, and one correspondent as
serts they have no heart for the war
since the czar was deposed-a state
ment that only adds to the confusioil
of the mental picture we over here
have of the new republic. The armies,
however, since the Germans captured
Jncobstadt, have checked the advance
of the enemy and even retook some
positions near Pskoff. Winter is coin
ing to their aid and it is considered
probable that the movement of the
Germans toward Petrograd is aboul
ended for this year.
General Soukhoml inotT, former wai
minister, first of the autocrats to bi
judged by a jury of the new lemoc
racy, was convicted of high treason or
Wednesday, and sentenced to imnpris
onment at hard labor for life. ih
young wife, whose extravagance drove
him nearly Insane, was acquitted.
Lattsing's Useful Disclosures.
- As a means of consolidating th
sentiment of the country and arousin
Sits enthusiasm for a victorious wa
the disclosures of German intrlgu
mtade b~y Secretary Lansing are unez
(elledl. And they are ably seconde<
b~y the stirring speeches that Colone
a Itoosevelt has been delivering. Mi
eLansing times his exposes wvell an
(I mikes them with a calm finality tha
lai most effective. .I-s latest stat;
m zent is that he has conclusive ev:
drel;nc~e that Count von Bernstorff on c
b lefore Janungy 10 had received an
' readi the Zimumerman note to the Gez
~an~ minister in Mexico City telling c
t hem intention to0 begin unrestricted suil
iztariue warfare on F"ebruary 1, an
(-onism-(uently wsfully aware ofhi
government's plan whleni he asked at
s thority to expend $50,000) to influecc
congress ando keel) this country net
('olounei Itoosevelt's patriotl at
drlesses were a dist'.net feature of th
fweek. In Chicago and other midd1(1
West cities' he exlpressedi foreibly Lh
opinions he andm most of the rest c
us have of t he pacifists ando ob.stru<
tiilsts and othier iro-Germans, an
he gave special attention and soni
hoice language to the case oif itoboet
hM. La F~ollet te, the Uniteod States senti
I "r withi whom WVisc-onsin is afflhicted
Th'e doughty "T. Ri." invaded the ,em
Smv's country, delivering and of hi
most4 fiery speeches at Rtacine. At th
'Chicago meeting andl elsewhere resoli
t ions wvere adopted calling for the es
Spulsion of La F~ollette fr-om the ser
a lte, but that so-called1 honorable ger
Stieman, seemingly unmoved by th
'storm of denaunciation, wvas busy oi
anizing his followers in Wisconai
eC for ai fight based on what he think
are his princliples.
(1 South America is on Fire.
' Germuany sought to pacify Argentin
Sby dlisapproving the ideas expresse
it by Count von Luxburg, but the Sout
'* American republic was .by no0 meatn
t- satisfied and the people dlemandedl thei
y war he declared. The chamber C
hi detputies concurredl in the resolution c
I) the senate that relations wvith Gel
many be severed, and it was up t
'C President lrigoyen. He has been
I- dletertminedl advocate of neutrality, bu
, it seemed likely that he would b
ii forced to ylidi( to the demand for wat
-Before dleeling the matter, he blega
I- negotiations to secur'e unitedl action b
o all the Latin-Ameriean nations. Urti
~s guay anid Paraguay wore reportedl a
eager to break off relations with Get
(1 many, and Peru last week presente
it to the hmperial government a deman
k that satisfaction be given within eigh
2~ ..'> '".
it to the United States from Italy and
s trying to arrange united action of
reduced to ruins by continuous bom
uth Vales, photographed in New York
lays for the sinking of the Peruvian
bark Lorton in Spanish waters last
The people of Argentina have been
stirred to ilcreased iudignation by
the serious strikes of railroad men
and other workers, which have been
accompanied by much violence and de
struction of property. These strikes
are admittedly fomented and financial
ly supported by Germans.
Haig Resumes His Offensive.
Having spent the first part of the
week in consolidlatiug his gains and
beating otf the desperate counter-at
tacks of the Germuans, Field Marshal
Haig on Vednesday resumed his of
fensive in Flanders in the Ypres re
gion. In a few hours his mnc had
occupied groiid to at depth of more
than 3.000 yards along most of the
front involved, and were in posses
sion of the Tower IIatmlets ridge, were
beyond the bloody Polygon wood, and
had taken most of Zonneheke, the vil
ige from which they were driven in'
April, 1915. The (lermans made tre
mendously strong counter-attacks dur
ing the afternoon and evening, but in
vain. The results of the offensive, at
the date of writing, are pronounced
Very heavy losses were incurred by
the crown prince in futile attacks on
the French along the Chemin des
Dames and north of Verdun.
Four air raids In two days were
- made on England by the Germans and
about a score of persons were killed.
Both airplanes and Zeppelins took part
in these raids and aerial torpedoes
were usedl. The chief resulit was a
renewedl dlem~and by the Bi'itishi press
for reprisals. In several b)omb1~ig ex
peditions the alilied auirumn d1id great
3 damage to German establishlmenits In
- Belgium. Monday nighit the German
aviators cleverly bombed a Frentch
I camp of German prisoniers, killing two
-and wounding 17. They probably
I thought it wasf a hosp1itah.
t Steel Prices Heavily Reduced.
By a voluntary agreement made bly
steel producers with tile war indus
r tries hoard and approved iby the presi
d (ent, a scale of quotations wams estab
lished that reduces prices of steel by
fabout one-half. These, according to
Elbert H. Gary, are'fair andl reason
1able, though far below the expecta
s tions of tile manufaceturers. 'The pri
ority comnmittee of the war industries
(1 hon3rd issued an order that in all cases
p-lreference in ordlers for iron andl steel
and thleir produlcts be giveni to con1
Icorns turning oult materials netually
e necessary for the( wair's condi~uct. Mani
C ufacturers of airticies classed a1s lux
C ulnes are' the( tirst to feel the effects
f of this order.
The federal lIbora troublle mtediators
I are a buisy lot of 1men3 thlese dafys. No
(1 sooner was tile blig strike of iron work
t er's ait Sani Franeilseo settled than the
- lake seamen01 vol ed to strike, andl next
.the switchmen of the Elgin, .Joiiet &
Eastern Suddl~enly (luit, criplpling the
mills of the United States Steel cor
e poration ait Routh Chicngo anid Gary.
Also, innehlinista emplloyedI by tile gov
er~nment in navy yards and arsenals
made(1 ne0w dlemandis for more pay, and
thle bituminoud coal operators and min
e era could not agree on wnages. It was
a relief to learn that the International
1 Brotherhood of Leather WVorkers de
s termined to prevent all strikes in its
-ranks during tile wvar.
For Second Liberty Loan.
ri All preparaltionls were comp~iletedI last
I1 week for' the~ enml~paign to float thme see
1 01nd Lib~erty loan1. The bonds11, whlech
.9 will b~ear 4 per Cenlt interest, will be3
t ad~vertisedl by posters, by every post
I master, rilirond, express and telegraph
f manaiger, and~ every schoolteacher. A
letter will be sent to every farmuer in
a theO couttry, and( a special missive wvill
u go to a selected list of a million
t wealthy agricullturalists. They will be
fl urged to invest as much of the pro.
.coeds of .their harvest as possible in
the Liberty bonds. WVindowv cards,
mailing stickers and automoblile stick
- ers will 1)e distribuuted by the mil
- The senate passed the $8,000,000,000
1I war deficiency hIll,- and the house and
1! senate conferees completed their work
t on tho rnt war ta. biml
START DRE FOR
NEW LIBERTY LOAN
FIVE BILLION DOLLARS AND IEN
MILLION SUBSCRIBERS , 18
Gigantic Machine is Set in Motion.-.
Banks, Newspapers, Commercial Or
ganizations and Patriotic Societiae
Will Work For Success of Big Loan.
Wasington.-The second liberty io ;u
campaign opened Monday with " lit a
to carry on the war.
To obtain $3,000,000,000 in subs.;.
tions, the minimum set by tree
officials for the issue, a gigantic
chine of many parts stands were
in motion with tho opening of
compaign. Fifty per cent greater
the first liberty loan, the presen
fering is the largest the Amer
people ever have been called upo
absorb, and to make certain the
will be more than fully subscribes -
ficials for months past have been -
fecting the elaborate sales and puntc
Five billion dollars and ten mil n
subscribers-that is the goal to wlhi. *,
officials hope to drive the camps l
successfully during the next f re
weeks. The services of virtually
ery industry of the nation have be
enlisted to bring about this result.
Secretary McAdoo opened the ci
paign formally with a speech in Cle.
land, Ohio, the first of many he %';
dliver in a transcontinental ti
which will take him into virtually
cry section of the country and kt
him on the road until October 26, I
(lay before the subscription boc
More than 26,000 banks will co
crate in floating the huge issue. The.'..
working under the guidance .of 1
12 federal reserve banks, regios
headquarters for the loan, will be t:
treasury's first lieutenants.
The entire press of the country
daily newspapers, weekly and mont *
ly magazines, trade papers. foreic
language publications and farm j a
pers-which contributed so largely
the success of the first issue, will wo:
for the success of the second.
Chambers of commerce, boards )
trade, manufacturers' associations ai::
kindred- organizations have pledg.'i
their active and unstinted efforts
Patriotic societies by the score haw.
been olisted, as well as church at'
school organizations, labor organize.
tions, fraternal societies and scho.;
The stage and the screen will e4,
their part. Leading theatrical ar.
moving picture stars have been films
for a special number which will ".
displayed in virtually every movib
picture theater in the country, whi
from behind the footlights of vauc.
yulle and other theaters speakers u'a
utilize daily the time betwveen the at
to campaign for tihe loan.
COAL RETAILERS' PROFiTS
LIMITED BY ORDER issui.'
immediate Reduction to Consumer
over the coal industry was made cc
plete by an order of Fuel Admix
trator .Garfield limiting the profits
retail coal and coke dealers throup
out the country to a basis which
expected to brilig about. an immedi.
reduction in prices to the consun .
The order directs that the retailms
shall fix their prices so as to Ii
their gross margins over cost to ta,.
average of such gross margins du
the year 1915, plus a maximum o:
per cent of the 1015 margin, provi. d
that in no case shall the acerage n -;,
:gin of the month of July this yea
Local committees ap~pointed by
federal fuel administrators in ';
state will see to it that the de:s~
comply with the order and the i
ers th'eemselves will be called upc
return sworn cost sheets showing,'
facts upon which they have 1
Doctor Garfild selected 1915
normal year because the coal
age which resulted in continued
in prices d1id not begin until 1911
additional 30 per cent is allovt
cover increased cost of doing hun~.~
Prices already fixed b~y the to.
mont for coal at the mouth / 1%-.
mine are near those charge'd inivu.
and with the jobb~ers' charge neow llti
ited to 25 cents a tofn and the e.s '
transportationi not materially rm
ed. tihe consumer in every con':
should be ample to get coa'l of
scription at approximately ti
ho paid in 1915.
CLONDON DISTRICT IS AG/UNI~
RAIDED BY rAls 4 iil
London .--The London disi ~
again raided by German airmv:r
is a circumstanial but un a lPen
report that one enemy mat hiin. wo. ,,
brought down. While the,' w. a.
bright moon, there also wa4 L a flfgbc
mist and the raiders wore in~
to persons in the streets, but f rom the
sounds .of the anti-craft guns in action
the indications were that theier~'~~
were moving over various quetr o