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GROWERS FIX THEIR
PRICE FOR COTTON
THIRTY-FIVE CENTS A POUND IS
NAMED AS THE MINI
-HUNDRED FARMERS IN MEET
Resolution Unanimously Adopted Set.
ting Out Position and Pledging
Loyalty to Government.
Columbia.--Thirty-nlve cents the
pounds as the minimum price for cot
ton and $100 a ton for cotton seed was
the conclusion of farmers in Columii
bia when more than 100 cotton grow
ers from all sections of the state met
to discuss the question of cotton val
ues and to initiate a holding move
Extreme shortage in the world sup
ply of cotton, greatly increased cost
of production acid the unusually high
scale of prices obtaining for fabrics
and. cottonseed products were ad
vanced in justification of price fixing.
It was emphasized that the farmers
desire only a fair price for their cot
ton and that the figures are propor
tionate with other "raw material"
and that the cotton growers are enti
tIed to a living.
To acquaint the cotton growers
tlhroughiout the state as to the situ
ation obtaining in the cotton markets,
an "educationaT campaign" Is to be
conducted, with meetings in every
township. H. T. Morrison was in
structed to appoint a chairman in each
county who will direct the campaign.
The object of tie meetings will be to
inform the people as to the reason
for demanding 35 cents a pound for
their cotton and to explain to them
how they can secure the money with
which to keel) 'distress cotton' off the
The meeting was held in the office
of W. G. Smith, state warehouse coni
missioner. Mr. Smith explained at
the outset that the warehouse space
available in the state was adequate to
store the crop. He also emphasized
that the banks had the money on de
posit to make loans on cotton ware
house receipts. IHe- explained that
farmers could borrow 80 per cent of
the price obtaining when cotton was
stored. The interest rate, he said,
was 6 per cent.
Another important fact. emphasized
by Mr. Smith, was that the cotton
warehouse system of south Carolina
has been linked with the bureau of
markets'of the national department of
agriculture and that a public grader
is now cinected with the Columbia
offices. This grader ;gves his services
freely to all farmers who send their
samples to Columbin. or makes
trips to places where 1.0t) or more
bales are to he graded.
J. Whitner Reid. secretary of the
State Farmers' union, acted as secre
.tary of the meeting and read a letter
to the cotton convention called for
October- 2 in New Orleans. President
Morr-ison and three former presidents.
B. Harris, A. 3. Perritt and E. W.
Dabbs were' named dlelegates. The
next meeting of Southl Cariolina grow
ers has beens called for October 10
and F. Hi. Hyatt has asked that the
meeting be held at the Colon in Hotel.
Many brief talks wer-e made during
the meeting. Some of these wore by
Mr. Morrison, E. W. Dabbs, J. 0. L.
- White of Chester., M. 0. Danntzler of
Orangeburg, 0 L Toole of Aiken, W.
0. Tatum of Orangeburg and F .H-.
Hyatt of Columbiia. The r-esolut Ion.
demanding 35 centa a pound for cot
ton was introducedl by Mr-. TPoole.
Starts Poultry Farm.
Bamberg.-A new industr-y to he
star'tedl here soon wvill be a poultry
farm oper-at ed on an extensive scale
to sup~ply eggs to wholesale dealer-s in
Char-leston. Angusta and other- near-by
markets. Nothing of this kind has
ever- been undeirtakien in this immedi
ato 'seetion before. but J. C. Byrd. who
has recently moved here. has car-eful
.ly Investigated the situation and be
lieving that it will pr-ove a profitable
business will shortly begin the enter
prise. Mr. Byr'd is an old Bamberg
boy' and was raised here.
Dig Up Soldiers Bodies.
Chattanooga. Tennn.-Thie bodies of
threce Confeder-ate soldlier-s were uin
covered by negro laborers while dig
ging a water main line to a reser-voir
In Snodgrass Hill at Chicamauga. The
buttons of the uniforms bore a minia
ture palmetto tree and the letters "S.
.C.," indicating that the man lost their
lives in the historic charge on Snod
grass H-ill and were from South Caro
lina. The bodies were rehtter-red at
the Soiuth Carolina monumnent at
Chickamauga, which is only a short
distance from where they were found.
School Heads at Greenwood.
Greenwood. - Coun ty supeorintend
ents of education fr-om 22 counties in
the state were in session hoi'e last
week. John E. Swearingen, state su
perintendent of education, presided
over the meetings. Hie is accompa
nied by Lueco Guntei' of Columbia,
At the .first meeting the newly
adopted text books and the nmatter of
-Introduction of the' books into the putb.
lie schools were discussed and today
.high school mnatters, teachers, taxes
and many othe nonucanel topics
W. A. EKENGREN
W. A. Ekongren, minister from Swe
den to the United States, may become
involved in the expose of violations of
neutrality by Swedish officials, for the
American government is making an in
vestigation t odetermine whether Swe
den has assisted German intrigue
against the United States as she did
BRITISH HAVE GOOD SUCCESS
FIELD MARSHAL HAIG'S MEN ARE
AGAIN STRIKING IN FLAN
DERS IN BIG DRIVE.
Veritable I:iferno of Artillery Fire Is
Opened in Early Morning and at
Evening Important Enemy Positions
Had Been Riddled.
Field Marshal Haig's men again are
striking in Flanders. and the force of
their blow, like that of tlho;e that.
have preceded It, is meeting with
good results on a front of nearly six
Notwithstanding the necessity of
carrying th battle to Crown Prince
Rupprecht across uninviting ground
virtually a morass owing to recent
rains and against the inevitt ble con
crete and steel redoubts and woods
and shell craters teeming with rapid
fire guns---the English, Scotch and
Australian troops have snatched val
uable Vantage i ints from the G:r
mans, but not u hout terrible opp
Location of New Drive.
Haig's new thru'st was (1el1veredl
from the base of ,front line positions
captured and consolidated last wecek,
beOfore which the Germans held nu
merous vantage points of strategie
value, barring the way to further In
roads by the BritiIsh or for hiarassinag
the British line by machine gun aund
As on previous occasion. Haig
loosed a veritable inferno of art ilry
fire against the Germans b~efore(
launching Is attack In the early
hlours of WVedn esday morninig, and
when night fell many important posi
tions hadl been ridded of the enemy.
but with thle Germans at numerous
othier point~s savagely contesting thle
r'ighit of way.
Probably the miost signlificanlt gain
of the British, which the Germans as
nort was to a1 depth~l of two-thI)irds of
ai mile at c'ertalin points, was near'
Zonnebeke. to0 within a few hund red
yards of the weistern ouitskirts of'
which village t hey l)enetraated, plae'
lng them11 about sixs miles from thi
railway runining f'roml Os-tend tharougih
Rtoulers and( IRoubaix to Lille. The
cultting of this lhue, whIich seems to
be the objctive of' Field Marshal
Hig, wvouild seiously a ffect thIie tr~aans
port of the Germans from their nlDVl
bases at Ost end and Zeebrugge to the
SERIOUS~ DISORDERS ARE
OCCURRING IN ARGENTINE
Buenos Airei.*--Ser~ions disorders
ogenlrred in various p)arts of thle ('1P
ital as tile result of an ant i-Germnan
manifestati oll and strike agitations.
As an outcome of thle firing upon01
street c'ars by stikiers or symipat hiz-.
'Jrs, 1an insp~ector' was killed and11 sev
Orall Ipersons were wvoundeod. In sym-.
pathy with the anti-German (lemon
str'ation of business houses in the city
closed thleir' doors.
BAKER ISSUES FIRST
OFFICIAL WEEKLY STATEMENT
WVash ingtoni.-The Americana gov
ernlment's first official statement conl.
cerning militar'y operation in Edurope.
Was issuedI by Secretary Baker, inau
gulrating' a series whlichi in time will
be devoted largely to activities of the
United States expeditionary forces. it
says though ascendency on the West
ern front has plassed definitely to the
allies, they are content merely to
Wear down the. enemy unatil the force
of American army mnke itelfr felt
MANY EADERS OF
I. WE W. INDICTED
CHARGED WITH NAlION-WIDE
CONSPIRACY TO 1'AMPER
W. d. HAYOOD OF FIRST TAKEN
None But Members of i. W. W. Arc
Included In the Blanket Indictment.
-Thirty-five of the Men Wore Ar
rested During First Hour.
Chicago.-1Formal return of a blank
et indictment charging a nation-wid
conspiracy to hamper the government
during the war, was made in the Unit
ed States district court here against I
166 leaders of the Industrial Workern r
of the World. Arrests speedily follow- )
ed the return. t
Almost before the court proc(edings n
had reached the state of the discharge l
of the jury, deputy marshals were on c
their way to the local 1. W. W. head- c
quarters in automnobiles, donated and
driven by women, and quickly return
ed to the federal building bringing
prisoners with them.
In the first hour 35 men were thus
haled into the marshal'n office and
later were questioned by investiga
tors for the department of justice.
Among the first to be taken into
custody was William B. Haywood,
secretary of the national organization
of the. I. W. W. who was questioned
September 5 when the headquarters
of the I. W. W. in various cities were
raided by the government.
An explanatory statement issued by
the govcrnment. attorneys wih have
directed the investigation of the se
ditious conspirney, the crime of which
the men named( in the indictments
were accused. sai.
"The prosecutions are under see
tions (1. 19 and 37 of the criminal 1)
code and under the espioniage act. C
Only leaders in conspiraes of those
Personally culpable in connection with
the perpetration of crimes against the C
United States are included as de- i
To permit the sure arrest of the i
indicted mhen, no hint of their names
was permitted to escape during the -
court pro-ceedings. d
None but neimbers of the I. W. 'V. I
was named in the indictmieut. the gov
ernmen t. attorneys taking pains to
specify that no others vere touched.
GULF COAST SECTIONS - I
EMERGING FROM STORM
New Orleans.- --The gulf coast see. 1
tion of cast ILiouisiana. Mississippi,
A labana andt western e ilorida were I
emerging from the battering of the
tropical hurrieane which swept in f
from the Gulf of Mexico near Pilot a
Town. La. The course of the storm a
shifted after striking Pilot Town from i
northwest to notheast amd sweeping j3
across a narrow plortioni of southern a
Louisiana,. missed New Orleans but ti
struc-k G uliport. fliloxi and the Mis- f
Sissippi coast section. swept through In
AMobile, wh:lere t her v:-ind reached1 a ye- v
locityv of 9(i miles an hour,. and extendl- It
ed east beyond Pensacola, where ac- ti
c-ordinig to latent re-pots reenved he'-e. J
the wind was blowving 100 miles an s
HEAD-ON COLLISION KILLS
27, AND INJURES MANY!O
Kellyville. Okla. - Twenty-seven '
ed and more than aii score injured in h3
a .iead-on v-ollision betwe~en a wesi
boundI St. Louis and San Francisco t
palrssenger- (rein and ani empty tri-.
whic-h had been used for Itransp~orting~ j,
troops, one mile soulthwerst or Kelly
ville. At 9 o'clock thb bodies of seven
white metn. thr-et Indians aind 17 ne.
grtoes had been tnkr-tn from the w-r-ek
arge of t he passenr no-ac hes,. thr-ee of
whi(-h wer-e te-les'-eped. -i
The pass-enger- traini is; said to have I
be-en or-de-red to wa-it at a siding here
for- (lie emplt y t roop i-a in to pass, but E
i'or somei reasioni pulled out oif the sta
tion and met the eastbound train
head-on at a bridge nyer Pole Cat '
U. S. COMMISSIONER NICHOLS
ENDS LIFE AT RALEIGHt
Rlaleigh. N. C.--United States Corn
miissioner- John NIchols, 84 years of j
age, at one time a member of Con- jI
gress, shot himself thr-ough the back 10
of the head in his offIce at the post- n
office building hei-e and died a few h
mitnutes after he had been rushed to 0
a lo-al hospital. Heo left a note ini his
offic., which read: "Old, poor and t
blind; what's tho use of living?" lie "
was said to have beeni the oldest Ma- ~
son in North Carolina..
TRENCH AND CAMP TO F
APPEAR ABOUT OCTOBER 8
WVashington.--Trench and Camp,
the weekly newspaper- to be printed
for- every ar-my camp thirouigh nation
wide co-oper-ation of newspaper- pub
lsher-s. wIll make its first appear-ance h
about October 8. It. was to have op.
petited a wveek earlier bu arrange
ments or dhetalls in thme far- weet made ~
a postponiemendt necessary. The paper
will be nublishmed uinder- the auspices ~
of the national war counceil of the
Y. M.C. A. jr
EDWARD E. BRITTON
: it. A .
Edward E. Britton, editor of the Ra
migh (N. C.) News and Observer, the
ewspapcr owned and edited for many
ears by Josephuc Daniels, now secre
ary of the navy, has been appointed
rivate secretary to Secretary Dan
)ls. Mr. Britton has been secretary
f the last two Democratic national
onventions and has been prominent
1 politics for several years.
EANS HELD WITHOUT BOND
VAIVED EXAMINATION AT PRE
LIMINARY HEARING AND CON
SENTED TO BE BOUND OVER.
lade Unsuccessful Effort to Get Seiz
ed Documents.-Judge Webb Sign
ed Order.-New York Papers in
Clements Hands Now.
Concord, N. C --:aston 11. Means
'aived examination in the midst of
is preliminary hearing before a mug
trate here and consented to be
ound ever to the October tersm of the
abarr s county grand jury on u
liarge of having murdered Mrs
'aude A. King, of New York and
hicago. Magistrate Pit is ordered
im held without bail.
Counsel for Means slated at thc
earing they had "been informed that
treats had been made" that New
ork officials here had brought. extra
ition warrants to take the defendant
nl1 to New York on "son unidis
osed crininai charge" and that the
alt "hie wou0ild be0 safer inI the ctod0(
f the sherif of this county." It alm
ras announced that Means (it no
estre to run the chance of facing an
harges elsewhere with an unsettle
nurder charge against. him in Nort
'arolina. This charge. his counst
entendod. would be cleared away a
The agreement came after counse
or means had made an tcsuccessfu
ttempt to get possession of paper.
nd documents seized by District At
>rney Swvanna's represenltatives ii
leans' New York apartment, and wn:
acompaniedl by a lengthy explana
on by the defend~ant Of his reasomt
>r abruptly endling his fight in th<
agistratec's court. Mris. Mary C. AMel
In. sister of the womian Mleans is al
'ged to have killed, joined him in oh
lning a writ from s'uperior Court
idge WVebb, at G]atonia, ordering As
stant District Attorney-' Dooing, 01
('w York. andi other New York amc
hiceag() oltieals who came here witI
oolinig to a)Id the prosecution, to turi
ver the documents to the clerk oi
e slupeior ('curt of Cabarrus county
lie writ is madec ret urnable befort
uperior Court .Judge (Cline at Salis
uiry October 8.
D ooli ng anid ot her o~'icials nia med Ii
it order'c informied Sheriff CaldwelJ
cal thle (dumentis referredl to wertC
the possess5ioni of Solicitor Clement
ho conducted thIie pro.secution ol
leanis. The lat ter issuedl a statement
"Wec will kr'cp thIe dlocumients un
*ss Ordered'c by the courct after the
earing to give t hem up."'
NGLAND RAIDED AGAIN
BY GERMAN AIRME~N
core of CasualtIes ' Resulted Fron,
Bombs, Say Reports.
For the second~ night in suiecessiooi
ercmaci airmen have raided the
mtheastern soction of Englandi and
aniclhed Londonl. The visitation ap
airently was stacged earlier thani the
ne on Moniday, hut the Germais did
rat succ'eed in penetrating to thc
t'art of the city, being stopped on the
ctskirts b~y the defensive forces.
A score of casualties are reported
have becen caused bry the few bombs
hich the Germans were able to drop
atest reports on the raid of Mondcay
ight show 15 dead and 70 injured.
ERGUSON 1$ FORMALLY
Austin, Texas.-James E. Fergusor
'as formally removed ,grom office as
overnor of Texas and barred fronm
ereafter holding any public office "o1
onor, trust or profit" by the adopstiori
the senate high court of impeach,
ent of the majority report of a spe.
al committee of the senate. Thet
ajority report was adopted1, after a
inority report, recomihlending only
moval from office, had boen defeated.
2NO LIBERTY LOAN
TO BE THREE BILLION
DENOMINATION OF NEW BONDS
WILL BE $50 AND MULTIPLES
INTEREST RATE 4 PER CENT
Maturity in 25 Yoar.-Subscriptions
Payable Two Per Cent Upon Appli
cation; It , Ilments Monthly of 18,
40 and 4C er Cent.
WVashington. -- Secretary McAdoo
announced the details of the second
liberty loan, which will be offered to
the public October 1. The chief fea
Amount-S3,000,000,000 or more, the
excess not to exceed one-half of the
amount of over-subscript ion.
Terms of bonds-Maturity, 25 years;
redemnable at the option of the secre
tary of the treasury in 10 years.
Denominations of bonds-$50 and
multiples of $50.
Interest rate--Four per cent, pay
able semi-annually on November 15
and May 15.
Terms of payment-Two per cent
upon application. 18 per cent Novem
ber 15, 40 per cent December 14 and
40 per cent January 13, 1918.
The privilege of converting bonds
of this issue into bonds of any suc
ceeding issue bearing a higher inter
est rate than four per cent during
the period of the war Is extended, and
through an arrangement under which
bonds will 1) printed with only four
coupons instead of. 50 (to be exchang
ed at ti end of two years for the
bonds containing the full number of
coupons deliveries will be prompt. In
this manner the issue of interim cer
tificates will be avoided.
TO REQUISITION ALL BIG
AMERICAN MERCHANT VESSELS.
Shipping Board to . Take Over on
October 15 All Ships Available For
Ocean Service.--Rates Fixed.
Washington.-Every American mer
chant vessel of more than 2,500 tons
dead weight. capacity available for
ocean service will be r'equisitioned by
the government October 15, the ship
ping board announced in a statement
giving the charter rates at which the
vessels will be taken over. American
(ships available for ocean trat'fe total
slightly more than two million tons,
but some already have been taken
over for the army and navy,
In most. instances, except where re
quired for actual goy:rernmlent ser'vice,
t the ships, it was said. will be turned
back to their owners for operation on
government account subject at all
times to any disposition the shipping
board may direct.
The rates announced will cut sharp.
ly the )resenlt charter rate charged by
,Apierican vessels for carrying govern
ment su!pplies. It is tihe inutention,
is undrstoodt pl, heQ ae to
any oregn sipscharere inthe
United States. The chartering wIll be
in the hiands of tihe shipping board's
ICOMMITTEE WILL INVESTIGATE
USE OF GERMAN MONEY
Wash illgton .---lqui ry by the H ouse
committee into whethler German
money has been used to intluene
Congress prob~ably was prop~osed in ,~
resolution sp)onsored by the rules cc 2
mittee andic suppI)od by t he Decmo
era tic leaders.
Demands 'for' an1lexhaustive Iiquiry
overwhelmed house leadlers from bo0th
sides while the rules committee in
e xecutive sess ion was con sideinug
Iwhether to report favorably one of
tile several r'esolutioins inltroduced
slice Secretary Lansing mladel publlic
Count von Blernstorlfs message to
Berl'lin asking authority to 51pend( $50,
000 llnfluencinug Congress as it had
been done befrore.
All efforts of committe,'men to get
Mr. Hellin to niame some1 of thie mien
he had in mind failed, but lie reliterat
ed his willingne~ss to'nne them if a
committee were appoinltel by the(
DEFER ACTION ON ALIEN
Washington..-Objections to enaet
ment of any alien slacker legIslation
at present, v'oiced by Secretary Lhan
sing before the hlouse mliitary affairs'
committee, resultedl ini a committee
vote to inidefinitely postpoone aetion.
CThairman Dent later saId that th,3
secretar'y's statement that the state
department, was negotiatIng with oth
er countries to effect a result e!quiva
lent to enactment of "allen slacker"
legislationl was responsible for vote.
Paris.-- Tihe airplane ambulane
that has been tried qut successfully
in recent tests is the invention of
D~r. Chassaing, of the Frenlch military
sanitary service, wwho 'represented a
wounded pass~enger dluring the initIal
trials, occupyIng e of tihe two
stretchers, tilt t are placd In tile tail
box of tile maichine behind tile lpilot.
A successful test of tihe machum at
one of the Frenchl aIrdromeos was wit.
nessed by Justlin Godnrd.
Positive Proof That Lydia
E, Pinkhaed s Vegetable r;,"
Bridgeton,N.J,-"I cannot speak too
highly of Lydia E. Plnkham's Veget.
blo Compound. for
other weaknesses. I
was very irregular
and would have ter.
rible pains so that I
could hardly take a
step. Sometimes I
would be so misera.
ble that I could not
sweep a room. I
doctored partof the
time but felt no
range. I later took Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound and soon
felt a change for the better. I took it
until I was in good healthy condition.
I recommend the Pinkham remedios to
all women as I have used them with such
good results."-Mrs. MILFORD T. CUM
MINUS, 822 Harmony St., Penn's Grove,
N. J. -
Such testimony should be accepted by
all women as convincing evidence of
the excellence of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound as a remedy for
the distressing ills of women sueh as
backache, painful periods, nervousness
and kindred ailments.
Children Want to Know.
Illstory repeats herself, but a child
Is ulways orig'nal.
8mnil Marjorie was most Intelligent
ly concerned over motion pictures of
the war. When she failed to under
stand n sit untion she asked for infor
"Vhy are those ten stooping under
thnt bridge, mnother'?"
Mother explained that they were go
ing to b)low it up.
"Oh ! Will they have brenth enough?"
St. Louis Lady Cured of Eczema.
6639 Vernon St.. St. Louts. Mo.
I have had Eczema for four yearn and
have tried everything possible to cure it.
without suecoss, until I tried Tetterine..
Your medicine has cured me after six
months' trial. Miss A. B. King.
Tetterino cures 1Dczema. Itching Piles
Ring Worm, Dandruff and every form of
Scalp and Skin Disease. Tetterine 50c;
T"tterino Soap 25c. At druggists or by
mail direct from The Shuptrine Co.. Sa.
With every mnilt order for Tetterine we
give a box of Shuptrlne's 10e Livor Pills
The impatient Guest.
IIeloise of' the rapid-fire resraurant
was reliti at.o ('laudine, another wait
ress in the siane establishment, certain
interesting episodes whhic occurred at
the lartenders' hall on the pervious
night. "All in the living world I says
to Ilughie wts-"
"Sn-a-ny !" sareticihlly snarled a
hypercritical customer, "Piml still wait
ing for my (rdcer ! Is this a restaurant
or nn eloetitiotary entertainment?"
"Aw. listen to the living skeleton hgv
Ing a fit on the tiled floor!" coldly re
torted 1 ('loiX. "I says to Iughie,
'Inlgble,' I stiys, 'I wouldn't have
thoughi It of' you !' .Just like that."
"It's too bad1( thait you brokc your
doll," commenl'tted the canlier.
"Ti's doll is not brokeni," corrected
the child gravely.
"Oh, Isn't It ? I thought that wvas
the' dolt that used to cry 'Mammnnia l'
wheinn It wats (lueezed."
"This is the me~t( 'doll. But you
must remember I ita ts severnl years
age. She Is lmuch'l outer no0w. You
dog't expect a grown-up~ young lndy'
to cry 'Maunu l' when shte is rqueezed
Thie enuler had to ne(knlowledge that
wte ver she' 'X expected, it pralV~ily
win~ii~'t. takhe pinte.
"Is t his wart briend, moy denr?"'
"No; why3 (d0 you as8k?"
"'It looks to me ax If a tman hnd
only a f1itig clante wi th it.''
Somie folks minkel a secially3 or ex.
chantg ig t heir brass for othem'r peoplei's
mn many a