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WAR WITH GERMAMI
CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES ANC
SENATE DECREE THAT STATE
OF WAR EXISTS.
IS SANCTIONED BY PRESIDENT
Senate Unanimously Approves Step
and Vote In House of Deputies is
149 to 1-Torpedo Boat Destroyers
Itio Janeiro.----The clhalber of depu.
ties by an almost unanimous vote, de
clared that a state of war existed be
tween Germany and Blrazil. The vote
was 149 to 1.
The tribunes were filled to enpacity.
After a debite on the opportune ie
iessity of proclaiming martial law, the
president of the diplomatic conmis
sion spoke in favor of a law worded
"A stite of war between BIriazil andl
Germany is hereby neCnowledged and
proclaimed. 'T'he president of the re
public is authorized to adopt the
measurer enunniated Ii hi.; message
of the 25th of October, and to take all
Steps tending to ensure na tional de
fense and public security."
TChe virtually unanimous vote of the
dceputies was i receivel wit Ii gelieral I
Tie senate unlinimously appujreoved
the proelamiation of a state of war
President liraz has san-tioned*the
proclamation of a state of war with
Aveording to the 'iewspa .ers. tor
pedo bioat dectroyers have recc.Ived
orders to proceed to Hlagia and take
possession of the (German gunboat
Nher, wheh has been lying there for
The l'her is a v(0sel of S4 tons.
She is 20:3 feet long and has a draught
of nine feet and eight Inches. She
has a1 complement of 12 men.
COAL PRICES TO GET
Instructions Have Been Sent to
Attorneys to Prosecute Violators.
Waushington.-A general investig%
tion into the retail and wholesale
prices of coal throughout the country
appears to be in prospect.
In a minor way, investigation ci
prices consumers assert they have
been compelled to pay already ha
been started by the department of
justice in various sections of the east
and middle-west, both as to anthracite
and bituminous coal.
Instructions have been sent tc
United states attorneys conducting the
local investigations to summon wit
-nesses, determine the truth of the
chrages and, where pustfied ,to brini
*promptly proceedhlgs under the crini
- inal law against those believed to be
guilty. Thue result of the w-iquirios se
far has not bean reported.
These instructions wyere based upoi
complaints received by the departmien
here to the effect that the margin o
proflt allowed dealers by the goverr
mont had bee nexceedled.
Measured by the great volume o
complaints receved by tho fuel af
mninistrationi, tihe inst atiee ( underili it
vestigation by the dlepartmnut of juts
tice are comparatively iniconseiuenit ial
Hundreds of letters and telegram
from every section of the country. I
Is understood, have been sent to th
Dlisposition of these complair.ts I
one of the subjects no0w pressinig th
fuel admininistrat ion, it is undlerstoofl
and action concerning thiem probabi
wvill be taken within a few (days. hi
dications are that the bulk of th
c'omnihaits upon01 which criminal pr<
ceedinlgs might lbe brought-itf th
truth of the charges can be estal
Hhehd-will be turned ever to the dc
partment of justice wthi the suggec
tion thlat violators of 'the law be prost
FOREIGN LABORERo -
PAY GASH FOR BOND
Biridpreport, Conn.-Twelve laborer
of foreign birth in the yardl of a 10ci
munition plant were approached hy
Liberty loan canvasser Who talked ft
half an hour without a sign of reeni
unition. Then one of the group broughi
out a good sized roll of crumpled b)i1l
and said: "I take some bonds." I
a few minutes the twelve laborers ha
suibcribed for $11.000 in bonids an
had paid for themi in cash.
ELEVEN REGIMENTS ARE
ORDERED TO CAMP GREEN
Washingtotn.-The war departmetc
u has worked out the schedule uncde
which rogular army regiments in po0s
to which they were sent for oxpansic
will be transferred to winter quartei
at national alrmy cantonment s or ni
tional guard camps. The asslgnmeni
include the 4th, 7th, 47th. 58th. 59t'
60had 61tinfantry. no0w at Getty
44Pa., and the 30th, 38th, 39th art
BRIG. GEN. JERVEY
Brigadier General Jervey, now sta
tioned at Charlotte, N. C., Is in com
mand of the field artillery of the
PENETRATE LINE TWO MILES
PETAIN'S ARMY DEALS GERMANS
A MIGHTY BLOW NORTHEAST
No Positions Have Been Captured
Which Were So Important Since the
Germans Were Defeated at Besieg
ing of Verdun.
Whil. the allied rIOOps were busily
eingaiged in consolidalting positions
wonf inl i li n(lers. the Freniich forces
of (en1eral Peltin struck at mighty
blow against the GIernan line north.
east of 8oissons and imade some of
the most important gains of terrain
since they threw hack the army of
the (er man crown prince which was
Th'e stroke was made ov er a front (
of about six miles, from the east
of Vauxaillon to Pargnyy-Filain. Un
der rainy and generally unfavorable
weather col(itions the French push
ed forward all along the line, aided
by German positions at an altitude
of about 150 feet, using their ma
chine guns, and penetrated the Ger
man line at one point to a depth of
two and a fifth miles.
Numerous important positions fell
one by one into the hands of Gen
eral Petain's men, and in addition
more than 7,500 Germans, an enor
mous amount of war material and
25 heavy and field guns were cap
BIG LIBERTY WATCH FIRES
GLEAMED THE COUNTRY OVER
At National Capital Bonfire Was Fed
by Fagots From All Over County.
Washington.---Liberty watch fires
gleamed the country over the eve of
Under the direction of the woman's
liberty loan committee the fires were
lighted from Flori-da to tile Canadian
border and from coast to coast. In
several atates the governors lighted
tihe pirincipal fIres which wvere made
the ccaionof patriotic demonstra
Ihere in the tnational capital a roar
itag bonfire, fed by3 fagots from' his
I toric spOts in many states, was light
II ed at the base or tihe WVashington 1mon1
-ument by Mrs. W. GI. McAdoo, wife of
the secretary of the treasulry. Lowv
lying clOuds.5 drizzling rainl uplon the
. tou~sandcs of spectators, reflected tile
.pink glow of the flames. TPhe monuI
.ment itself stood inl brillianlt light from
foundation to summit, the latter lost
from time to time in tihe shadlcows of
t riftinig clouds.
Virtually3 thle entIire poputlatloll of
tile citv witnessed tile unu~lsual scene
from their homes. Mrs. WVilson and~
Miss Wilson braved the rain to see it.
Fu'lel from many historic pos enlt
into the great p)1ileIupo which the
flames fed. It came, in fagots, splint.
jera and slivers from thle President's
former home ini Georgia. the old Lin
('01n 1101me in Illinois, Cleveland's
birthplace in New Jersey, Custer's
hleadlquarters in North Dakota, thle
Aztee house. ntear Roosevelt dam in
Arizora, and from Grant's hlouse in
Missouri. Ilistoic trees were repre
sen ted, too, in branches andt, bits of
wood from tile constitultionlal elm at
Coridon, Ind., a tree Oil the 0o(1 Blue
i Lick battlefield of Kentucky, and a
tree from the home at Lexington, K~y.,
S of General I-runt Morgan.
.1 A big piece of dagstaff-carried by
R the Vail Bluren avengers iln the Mexi.
T can wari, a lpinion of wood from the
slopes of Pike's Peak, a box of sage
tbrush from Wyoming. andh wood from
a lower Cape Fear, In North Carolina,
0 whlere, in 1765, the American people
made 'the first armed resistance te
Sthe stamp act, all wvent into thec
GERMANY TRYING TO
E LAND ARMS IN IRELAND
it London.-In thle course of a speech
in tile house of commons, Premier
lhoydl George dleclared thle goverin
1n ment was aware that arrangements
9 were again being madle, piartly by
Cou'mnt von Beornstorff, to land arms in
SIreland. Tile premier said that thle
1. governlment could nut 'possibly forget
Iwhat hlad happened only 148 monthI
d ago. These speeches could not be0
C treated as exeited speeches delivered
by persons of no consesuence.
PRESIDENT DECLARES IT TO BE
ONE OF FUNDAMENTAL QUES
TIONS OF DEMOCRACY.
NOW IS TIME TO TAKE ACTIOI
Says- "We Ought to Be Quickened t<
Give This Question of Woman Suf
frage Our Immediate Consider ,ion
-Addresses New York Delegation
Washington. - President Wilson
gave full indorsemellt to woman suf
frage us an immediate .issue in ever.
Addressing a delegation of 10f
leaders of the New York state womai
suffrage party who called at the white
house to obtain an expression in sup.
port of the campaign' in that state,
the President in emphatic terms de
hlured that woman suffrage is one of
the fundamental questions of democ
racy whose proper settlement is Ie
manided by the issues of the wiar. fie
praised the spirit, capacity and visiona
' American women in the war.
"I believe," he said, "that just be
ause we are quickened by the ques
ions of this war we ought to be
inicke'ned to give this quest ion of
woman suffrage our immediate con
Sap'akinlg as "one of the spokesmen
> a great party," the President pledg
di his hearty support and added:
"I want to speak for myself and say
hat it seems to me that this is the
ime for the states of this union tc
ake this action."
Explaining his leaning toward suf.
rage as a state rather than national
ssue, he said: "I perhaps may be
ouched a little too .much by the tra
litions of our politics traditionm
which lay such questions almost en
tirely upon the states, but I want t<
see communities declare themselves
quickened at tils time and show th<
consequences of the quickening."
The addresses were delivered in thi
east room of the white house, In rc
sponse to remarks by Mrs. Norman d<
The suffrage delegation returned t<
New York confident that the Presi
dent's enthusiastic indorsement woukl
have its eflct at tihe election Novemi
FEED ALLIES AND WIN
WAR, SAYS HOOVE:
Reviews Food Situation-Ships, Whea
and Hogs Are Great Need.
)Washington,--in a sr.atement re
viewing the world food situation, Fool
Administrator floover said the figh
against the submarine would be wo:
if the United States and Canada coul
stimulate production and effect econ
mies so as to feed the allies from thi
continent without sending a ship fai
ther afild than the American Atlar
Ships, wheat and hogs are the grea
needs emphasized by Mr. Iloover. H
saidl deepest concern had beeni cause
by the fact that in spite of high priice
this count ry's pork cofnmption ha
increased during tihe wvar until pr<
dluctioni had beeni outstr'ippeOd; a siti
ation that must be changed.
|"If we discontinue expor'ts," M1
Iloover added. "wve wvill move the Ge
muan line f'roml France to the Atlanti
seaboard(. Pork prodlucts have an h
iluence in this present world situatio
wider' than one wouldl ordinarily a
trtlbute to them. The human bod
must have a certain amount of fat
we must increase production (of hoj
If we are to answver the world's cr'a
"The production of fats is today
critical necessity for tile preserv'atio
of these people0 (the allies) and~ t11
mainltenance of their constanlcy in tl
warI. Every pound1( of fat is as sm:
of servi(ce as every bullet, and evem
hog is of greater valule to the winn1
of this wvar than a shell."
As to wheat the adlministrator sa
the allies' dleflceincy of produltctionl
196 000.000 bushels, with inmports
577.700.000 hushels required to mal
tainm nornmat consumption.
NEW DRAFT REGULATIONS
ARE VIRTUALLY COMPLETE
WVashington.-New regulations tc
applying the army draft were virtual1
completed at the office of the provo!
mlarshaf general and probably will 1
submitted to Presidlent Wilson ft
fhnal approval. T'rte President alre'ad
has approved the general plan, unde
which all registered men not yet ca)
ed will be classified in five groups
accordlan(e wifth their av'ailability f<
FIGHTS WITH U-BOA
Washington.--An e's..ouncement 1
the navy department revealed that th:
ship1 which fought a battle with tI
submarine off the French coast WI
one of the American -Luckenbac
steamers and that tile fight .occurre
on October' 19. News of the fight wI
received here in a news dispatch fro1
a French port. According to tl
navy's adlvices, nine men wvere woun<
ed, seven members of the vessel
crew andi to ailor.
OF FRENCH VICTOR
RESENT THROUGHOUT BATTL
NORTHEAST OF SOISSONS
AND SAW VICTORY.
VISITS OTHER POINTS ALS
leveral Squadrons of Tanks Parti
pated in the Battle.-Many Priso
era Were Taken.-Loses to Ge
mans Were Extremely Heavy.
With the French Armies in Franc
-General Perishing, commander-i
hief of the American forces in Fran
,as present throughout the- batt
ortheast of Soissons, accompanic
y General d'Esperey, of the Fronc
rmy. When the splendid victory 1
he French army had been accor
lished, the American command
rent over the greater part of the cc
uered territory, visiting among oth
points, the Vaurains farm, which
aore than a quarter of kilometer 1
rond the original French line.
Several squadrons of tanks partic
>ated in the battle and did excelle
york in company with the advancil
nfantry. It was by means of the
nost modern war implements that ti
slain farm was captured.
"Most of the prisoners taken, wi
ip to night numbered approximate
1,000, while others were still pouril
>ut of the deep caverna, wvere caugl
n quarries. One group, composed
100 men, was led out to surrender 1
r German soldier who spoke Fren<
Ind who assured his comrades th
hey needl not fear bad treatment fro
.heir captors, despite the assertioi
currently made to them by their oil
!ers that the French massacred prig
Another batch of prisoners fell int
he hands of the French just as the
ilighted from motor trucks in whit
hey had been hurried to the batti
leld as reinforcements.
Tl.e losses of the Germans were e:
remely heavy as was testified to b
he heaps of dead found beneath th
uins of quarries, which crumbled u1
cr the French bombardment. Ti
'rench casualties were rather belo'
ERIOUS SUGAR SHORTAGE
IS SOON TO BE ENDE!
rwo Hundred Million Pounds Purcha
ed in Louisiana.
Washington.-Two hundred millic
founds of Louisiana cane sugar wi
3ontracted for here by the Americt
Sugar Refining company, and will t
gin moving northward next week
relieve the serious shortage of tl
If the eastern consumer had bee
compelled to await the coming of th
year's supply from western beet ar
Duban can fields, there would haa
been no relief for existing near-fat
mne conditions until late in Novem
For the 200,000,000 pounds the r
finers paid about $13,000,000, or a
proximately 6 1-2 cents a pound. A
ter adding the cost of transportatic
and refining, it is estimatedl that th4
wvill be able to sell to the'wholesal<
at steadily reducing prices, beginnih
at 8.35 cents eastern seaboard at
dropping to 7.25 by the end of ti
year. The latter figure is the se
board price previously fixed by agre
ment for Cuban, Hawaiian and wem
ern beet sugar, and the price the fo4
administration expects to maintain.
TO SUSPEND PRIORITY
OF SHIPMENT PLA
Washington.-The government w
susp~end its priority of shipment pla
on Monday, October 29, in order
levote the entireproduction of t)
Dhio, western Pennsylvania and Mic
gant bituminous coal mines for th
mne day to the emergency needs
he domestic consumer of 01hi0 al
Michigan, the fuel administration a
tounced. This plan of devoting o:
lay's production to the needs of
)articular section wvili be followed
BISHOP WILSON BRINGS
MESSAGE FROM PERSHINI
Baltimore.-BIishop Luther B. W.
Ion, of the Methodist Episcop
shur-ch of New York, returned fre
F"rance, delivered a message at
biberty Loan rally fromn Gener
Pershing, whom he quoted as follow;
'it is a heresy too long left in mu
liat Germany is invincible. Germai
will be conquered." Bishop WilsE
lelared that Americans in Fran,
ad made a splendid impression.
INCREASE IN LOSS OF'
London.-An increase in the loss
British merchantmen through mlin
3r submarines is noted in the adm
alty report for the current week. Se
ateen vessels over 1,600 tonms am
sight under 1,600 tons were sunk.
In the brevious week twelve Br
Ish mnerchant vessels over 1,600 tor
six under that tonnage and one flafl1
rasnt were snk.
2:tt",;}:} ;}: fr....u<":":i'"::
Hawold Braddock, vice president of I
the Arnerican City Bureau, and an ex- N
pert organizer of chambers of com- C
merce, is director of the $1,000,000 I
campaign for war libraries in every
cantonment and training camp in the 3
ENEMIES TO GET NO REST
WASHINGTON EXPERTS DQ NOT
EXPECT COLD TO STOP
Weekly Review of War Operations
-Allies Have Men and Material to
Overcome Natural Obstacles-U. S.
Troops Take Part I nBattle.
Washington.-Military experts here
do not expect winter to halt the great I
a allied drive against the Germans in I
Flanders. Secretary Baker's weekly t
review of war operations discloses the I
belief of the war departmer.t that po
tency of material and men will enable
the British and French commanders
to triumph over natural obstacles and
continue forcing the enemy backward
without waiting for spring.
The review touches for the first time .
upon the American expeditionary
forces in Fraltce, declaring the men,
ifter three months intensive training.
are in efficient fighting trim and splen
did physical condition.
t In dwelling upon the importance of
the battle of Flanders and its effect
upon the morale of the Germans, the
war secretary declares it apparent that
the German high command planned
the recent expedition against the Rus
sians in the Riga sector in order to
bolster up morale and meet impend
ing internal difficulties. By extending
her lines in the east, he adds, Ger
many has merely added to the length
of her line of communications and
increased cor~fldence in the final allied
The review covering the week end
infg October 20, follows:
d "Our men in France, after three
-months intensive training are in splen
1- did pihysical condition and efficient
fighting trim. They have readily he
.come ac(!limatized ar.d now feel at
-home in the war zone.
C "Our' troops have met with the most
' warm-hearted and enthusiastic recep
n tion onl the part of the armies and
t-)pople of Ferance.
."The health of our men overseas
,is repiorted as excellent.
v. "The wveek just closed has been one
of rehative qiet on all fronts.
a Bad Weather Prevails.
"lhid weather already prevails along
"* the western front, wintry conditioris
*' will soon set in and the terrin wvll
'e become increasingly difficult for at
y tacking troops). Nevertheless, the po
*tency of allied material and meni, the
1accumuilat ion of the technical means
of combat, and the preparations which
shave beein going on for many months
will make it possible for the liritish
and Fr'enich commanders to triump~h
over natural obstacles, and with few
short intervals we may expect the of
Ofenaive to press5 forward.
"It is not anticipated that the allies
wvill go into winter quarters this year.
n' "Tho full importance of the battle
Ly in lFlander's is begin~ning to be reveal
at ed. in ordler to appreciate the real
m signifieance of this engagement and
>r the effec't it has had on the morale of
ythe German army and the German pee
3r ple. we must considler briefly the
[1. German attacks in the Rliga sector, in
in eluding the eapture' of Oesel, D~ago,
>r andl other minor islandsB of the Fin.
nish gul f.
Will Not Buy Mexican Silver.
1 Washington. -Negotiations under
which this government had agreed to
y purchase 6,000,000 Mexican silver PC
e sos from the MexIcan government, to
e be melted andi coined into subsidiary
Is silver, were dleclared off. Mexican
hi representatives were understood to
d have signified their acquiescence in
is the arrangement, but acting under in.
rn structions from Mexico City, thiey pre
1e sented new phases, whlich resulted in
I- the withdrawal by the United States
's of its offer. The necessity for such a
Durchase has passed.
IINTO W HICH MEN TO BE
DRAFTED WILL BE DIVIDED 1
E Shows Order In Which They
Will Be Called To Service.
Every Man Registered
Washington. - The five classica
lions into which men awaiting draft
will be divided, under the new regis
I' trations, approved by President Wil
n-- son, have become public much before
r- the time planned by the provost mar
shal general's office and are here pb
It was discovered that what was 1
e. have remained an official secret for
a week or more was divulged at a dhfi
ner in New York which Secretary
e Baker and Provost Marshal General
d Crowder attended. The provost noi.
shal general discussed the new re
y lations, without intending to m; .n
public the classification, but goms
members of a New York local exem p..
n- tion board, thinking to elucidate the
general's speech, printed the classa
cations on the back of the menu ea'rd
The classifications are as follows,
and show every man registered, to
which class he belongs and in whe.t
It order the dependant classifications
1g will be called to service:
3e Class 1.
1e 1-Single man without depentPer
io 2-Married man (or widower in
ly children) who habitually fails to t4
g port his family.
it 3-Married man dependent on e
f for support.
y 4-Married man (or widower ''lh
Ii children) not usefully engaged, fari5.r
it supported by income independent :"
rm his labor.
is 5-Men not included in any othv'r
1- description in this or other class(=
9- 6-Unskilled laborer.
o 1-Married man or father of dowa
y erlos s children, usefully engaged, he
Ii family has sufficient income apati
from his daily labor to afford reas.':
ably adequate support during his
2--Married man-no children- ,
can support herself decently as
3-Skilled farm laborer engaged it,
v necessary industrial enterprise.
4-Skilled industrial laborer en:' t,
ed in necessary agricultural emin -
S 1-Man with foster children depm.
ent on daily labor support.
B- 2--Man with aged. infirm or inva 'e
parents or grandparents dependent
n daily labor for support.
ir 3-Man with brothers or sisters 's
nl competent to support themselves, &'
r pendent on daily labor for supporl
4-County or municipal officer.
e 5-Firemen or policemen.
6-Necessary artificers or work:..
in In arsenals, armories and navy ye rar
0 7-Necessary custom house clerk
d 8-Persons necessary in tranui.'
e ien of mails.
a. 9-Necessary employees in ser vn
a. of United States.
10-Highly specialized adminw.e
11-Technical or mechanical exp. 4.*
in industrial enterprise.
12-Highly specialized agricult. t.
yexpert in agricultural bureau of si 3
ig13-Assistant or assoc~ate man: '
of necessary indlustrial 'imterprise
e14-Assistant or associate mami
a- of necessary agricultural enterpris
t- 1-Married man with 'vifo (and
d children (or widower with child:
dependent on dailly laboe f'or supo"'
and no other reasonably adequate *
2-Mariners in sea service of I
'chants or citizens in United State
l 3-Ileads of necessary indust
4-H-eads of necessary agricult
t1-Officers of states or the Un.
tegularly or dulv .Ardained m,
3-StudenIts of dlivinitl'..
ae 4-Persons in military or a~ v
7-Persons morally uin it.
8-Persons physically, permane 'a '
or mentally unfit.
FLIES FROM HAMPTON
a ~ TO NEW YORK C4TV
Mineola, N. Y.-Carryvng eight i'&
dsengers, Lieut. Sylvia Resnati arrive'
at the government aviation fld hen.
in his Caproni biplane, complets: a.
eflight of about 325 mile:, from Btame"
ton, Va., in four hours 1:t minute
BOB FITZ8IMMONS DIES
AFTER FIVE DAV8' I.LNE'-63
Chicago-Robert F'itzr.immons. it
mer ch ampion heavyweight pvzgil'i
r-of the world, died aj. a hospital h a
vafter an illness- of five days of poew
d monia. The former champion becaam
ill while appearing in a vaudevH14I
theater, and his ailment was at. find
t-diagnosed as ptomai&e poisc'nena,
* Later it was discovered th'at he was
suffering from double (lobar) putty
monia and physicians destared ths#
be could not. liva.