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LABOR BUREAU IS
ANOTHER BRANCH OF THE OR
GANIZATION HAS BEEN ES.
TABLISHED AT FLORENCE.
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of South Carolina Peo
pie, Gathered Around the State
The state organization of the United
States employment service is near
ing completion. B. M. Blankenship
and Ralph Rogers assisted in opening
the Florence bureau and have return
ed to Columbia. The Florence cham
ber of commerce will consult with the
state officials in regard to the appoint
ment within the next few days of an
examiner in charge for the bureau in
Following is a list of the auxiliary
bureaus in the state with the exam
iner in charge of each office:
Anderson, Senator J. L. Sherard.
Charleston, M. V. Howard.
Florence, examiner to be appointed.
Spartanburg, Barney Ilaynes.
Greonvile, J. J. McDevitt.
In order to keep employment offi
cials in touch with the labor situation,
the state has been divided into an
eastern and western district and a
field representative of the service as
signed to each. Senator J. J. Evans
of Bennettsville has been selected to
cover the eastern part of the state and
has accepted the position. The man
chosen to look after the interests of
the service in the western part has
the matter under advisement and will
very likely make some decision within
the next few (lays.
firms and individuals in need of la
bor and those who are seeking em
ployment are invited to utilize the
facilities offered by the bureiu
State Aid for Schools.
Following is a list of the counties
with the amount of state aid given
each for all scholastic purposes dur
ing the past year: Abbeville, $4,604;
Aiken, $5,944; Anderson, $23,212;
Bamberg, $3.585; Barnwell, $7,103;
Beaufort, $520; Berkeley, 3,365; Cal
houn, $3,752; Charleston, $1,505;
Cherokee, $5,683; Chester, $3,154; Col
let on, $9,711; Darlington, $10.871; Dil
lon, $9,615; Dorchester, $5.446; Edge
field, $5,297; Fairfield, $2,943; Flor
ence. $18,528; Georgetown, $4,422;
Greenville, $16,873; Greenwood $6,170;
Hampton, $6,210; lorry, $24,158; Jas
per, $691.00; Kershaw, $8,545; Lan
caster, $11,795; Laurens, $12,671; Lee,
$9,400; Lexington, $11,169; McCorm
ick, $4,163; Marion, $3.S27; Marlboro,
$6,323; Newberry, $7,9 Oconee, $12,
355; Orangeburg, $1L 79; Pickens,
$11,370; Richland, $7.33. Saluda., 10,
553; Spartanburg, $29,75:l; Sumter,
$4.300 ; Union, $7,126; Williamisburg.
$15.052; York, $10,420. Traveling ex
i)enses high school inspector, $500.
Instructors in normal trainIng class;es:
Conway, $999.96: Laurens, $916.63;
Lexington, $416.65; WValhalla, $999.96;
-Some Charters and Commissions.
Petition for incorp~orat ion has been
flied with W. Banks Dove, secretary
of state, hy the JTordan Music Com
pany of Charleston. The petitioners of
the company, which is capitalized at
$10,000, are Fredlerick Jordan and J.
W~aties Wanring, 1both of Charleston.
The Baber--Rhyne Drug Compainy of
-'Spartanhurg has been commhissionedl
with a capital stock of $10,000. The
petitioners are Grover C. Baber-, J.
W. Rhyne and J. Rl. Brown, all of
The Euten Hardware Company of
Georgetow'~n has filed an application
for an increase of capital stock from
$3,000 to $5,000.
Edwardl E. Spann and Company of
Lake City has been' charteredl with a
capital stock of $10.000. The dlirec
- tors of i-he corporation are Edward E.
Spann, P. 1H. Arrowsmith and W. Wes
ley Singlet ary.
2,400 More for Wadsworth.
Entrainment of 800 white men and
1,607 negroes for Camp WVadsworth
during the month of August has been
announced by Capt. R. E. Carwile, of
ficer in charge of the selective serv
ice regulations. The white men will
1/ ~ report in the five day p~eriodl begin
ning August 6 while the negroes will
report in the five day period beginning
August 1. Only men from Class 1
and physically qualified for general
mnilitary service are to be inducted
(I under this call.
Complete High School Rating.
A tabulated form issued by the
state board of education gives the
standard unit rating of schools in
South Carolina which employ two or
more high schol teachers during the
- year 1917-18.
The information presented in the
compilation contains the number of
years in the high school department,
the nurnber of units crodited to each
school for each subject, an enumera
a tion of the elective studies offeredl
and whether or not graduates are en
entitled to state diplomas.
Up-to-dDate In Forestry.
Few people realize that So'.th Care
Tina is up to date in forestry in one re
speet at least, as the owner of a thou.
sand acre forest. This is more than
con be claimed-by many other states
It all cane about through the fore
sight of Joann de la Howe, who be.
queathed 1,700 acres to the state, spec
ifying in his will' that 1,000 acres
should forever remain in forest. This
French nobleman- with a broad vision
died in 1797, when the idea of an en
dowed school for teaching agriculture,
including forestry, was far beyond
average human vision.
The forest is locatel along Little
River, in McCormick county, and is
composed mostly of short leaf or yel
low pine with scattered hardwoods.
In the low places some loblolly pine
ocours. Many of the pines are 125
'feet in height and measure 30 to 35
inches in diameter at breast height.
One measured acre contains 30,000
board feet of pine.
Fire has been excluded for many
years and consequently there are
large numbers of young pine, as well
ab various shrubs and young broad
leafed trees. The absence of fire has
resulted also in a deep leaf mulch
over the soil, conserving all the mois
Report of State Game Warden.
'After paying 3,005.50 more money
back to the counties than was paid
out of 1916 collections, the cash on
hand and back debts paid amounted
to $9,765.26 and the larger ' warden
force of 1917-18 received $2,534.16
more than all the warden force receiv
ed in 1916," according to a compara
tive statement of total receipts and
expenditures by the state game de.
partment given out by W. Hampton
Gibbes, state game warden. The t).
(al collection for the year 1916 o*ount.
ed to $30,593,36, of which $'0,294.00
were returned to the counties, as 'om
pared with gross receipts of $34,595.92
for the fiscal year of office (11 months)
running from July 28 to June 30, with
a payment of $13,299.50 to the coun
ties. The total expenditures for ex
penses for 1916 were $20,888.37, as
compared with $24,320.89 for the fis
cal year which has just closed. No
fines have been refunded by the pres
The statement continues:
"In 1916 $4,532 was drawn out of
the state treasury to support the game
department, and in 117-18 all ex
penses were met out the income of
"Comparative results are reported,
as has been the custom of the depart
ment in order to show progress and
improvement. This has been accom
plished in spite of the fact that Oco
ne and Jasper counties and Bluffton
and Yemassee townships in Beaufort
county were license territory in 1916,
and were exempted in 1917-18.
"No report of the department seems
to have been made for the ptriod run
ning from January 1, 1917 to July 28."
Recent S. C. Casaulties.
Casualties among South Carolina
troops oerseas as shown in latest re
ports are as follows:
Killed in act ion-Corp. J. D. Gilles
pie, Central; Private La. P. Petty,
Died of wounds--Corp J .E. Fitz
Died of disease-Privates Arnold
Doe JTackson, Philip Whit field, Salters
Severely wvounderd-Thos. D. Hol
combo, Union; Thos. J. Carrawvay,
Accidental (loath - Sam Johnson,
Officers 1st RegIment Reserves.
General orders No. 19 promulgated
by W. W. Moore, aidjul ant general.
makes the following apponn-tmients and
assignmients to commands In the
First Regiment, South .Carolina lRe
Julius E. Cogswell of Charleston,
Charles J. Eppe of Conway, lieu
William M. Scott of flishipville,
JT~mes R. H-amimond of (Columnbia,
hiarry E. Wilkins of Greenville and
Henury W. Mclver of Chierawv, majors.
Dr. J. 0, McMaster of Floren'ee, as
sistant surgeon wvIth rank of captain.
To Spend $50,000 for Health Work.
Dr. J. A. Hayne, State health officer,
has returnaed from Washington where
he interviewed the surgeon general of
the United States Public Health Serv.
ice in regard 'to the distribution of
funds for venereal dseasou recently
approprIatedh by Congress. This sum
is about $300,000,000 and its allotment
will be0 based on the census of the
population taken in 1910. South Car
olkna will prob~ably got about $50,000
which will be spent by the State
board of health under the rules of
the U. S. Public Health Service.
Summer School SessIons.
In order to aid the government in
every way b~y permitting school chil
dren to work on the farmis during har
vest time, more than 20 schools of
Greenville county have begun aummner
sessions to run until harvest time, and
then be discontinuedl until late in the
winter. Practically all of the schools
in the upper section of the county
have adlopt ed this plan, and it is 1)0
lieved that within another week thr-ee
fourth of the rural schools will be in
FROM THE CAMP
ADDITIONS AT CAMP JACKSON TO
JEWISH WELFARE BOARD TRI
PLES FIELD PERBONEL
RAYCROFT TO VISIT CAMPS
Head of Athletic Division of Fosdick
Commission Soon to Visit South
Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, head of the
athletics division of the Fosdick com
missen on training camp activitiel,
has left Washington on a tour of the
camps, cantonments and aviation sta
tions of the South and Southeast.
Camp Jackson is to be included in his
itinerary. The commission of which
Dr. Raycroft is a member has charge
of the non-military activities of the
A' special review of the entire One
Hundred and Fifty-sixth Field Artil
lery brigade has been planned. The
review will be led by Brig. Ben. An
drew Moses, commnading general of
the One Hundred and Fifty-sixth Field
Capt. O. C. Loyd has reported at
Camp Jackson and is now the camp
personnel officer. Captain Loyd comes
to Jackson from Camp Upton, New
York where he has had charge of a
government investigation of the em
barkation problems for troops prepar
ing to go abroad.
The newly arrived artillerymen
have manifested a lively interest in
the facilities for intellectual develop
ment placed at their disposal by the
Camp Jackson library. Books which
are designed to make better soldiers
of the men are more in demand than
popular fictions or stories and the cir
culation records show that two books
of study go out for every book of en
tertainment. The greatest demand is
still for mathematical texts, which
help the men to qualify for officers'
The Jewish Welfare Board at Camp
Jackson has had its field personnel
practicaly tripled with the arrival of
Dr. Jacob Risin, former Jewish chap.
lain at Camp Greene, and Bernard Hel
ler of Philadelphia. Dr. Raisin be
comes resident rabbi at Camp Jack
son while Mr. Heller will be detailed
as assistant general secretary and
will co-operate with the present gen
Virtually every man of the Eighty
first division is well protected in the
matter of government insurance, it
was learned from official sources. New
men coming in have been immediately
approached by insurance officers, and
there are very few, f any, who have
not taken insurance in substantial
A number of American army off I
cers who have been with the allied
forces overseas, have been dletailed to
the Seventeenth Unitd States infan
try here to act as special instructors
for that organization in various
phases of modern warfare, such as
homb throwing, grenade work, bayo
net fighting, etc.
Private Fred Sands, of the veteri
nary corps, this camp, has been found
guilty by courtmnartial on the charge
of desortion, and sentenced to im.
prisonnment at hard labor for five
years, and to forfeit all pay and al
lowances during that time.
Twenty-four members of the Eighty
tirst division, born'! in foreign lands,
were naturalized with simple but la
terest ing ceremonies in one of the Y.
M. C. A. buildings at the camp.
Special trains are arriving at Camp
W ~adlswvor thI bringing 10,000O drafted
men from the state of Minnesota and
4.000 from South Carolina.
One hundred Gernmn prisoners ar
rived at (Camp Wadlswort h, coming
from For't McPherson, Georgia. The
new arrivals are to be emlioyedl as
laborers at the camp.
Rector En Route to France.
Columbia.--Rev. Kirkman G. Finlay,
accomp~aniedl by Mrs. Finlay, left the
city for New York where he will re.
port to Y. M. C. A. officials for assign
ment to duty with the American forces
in Fran' . Mrs. Finlay will remain in
New York until her husband raiils.
During his rectorship of over ten
years at Trinity Episcopal Church, Mr.
Finlay has made many friends -who
bid him godspeed in his new work on
the battle fronts and who hope for hi.
Borah to Bar Association.
Greenville, S. C.-United States Sen.
ator William E. Borah, of Idaho, will
be the annual orator at the meeting
of the South Carolina Bar Association
at Glenn Spi-ings, August 1 andl 2. The
program for the meeting has not yet
been completed but among othei
speakers wvill -be Walter Hazard, o1
Georgetown, and Circuit JTudge W. HI
Townsend, of Columbia. A notabe a
semly is predicted. Senator Boral
is one of the most distinguished mem
heors of the senate and is a lawyer o
FUEL SITUATION IS SERIOUS
To Keep Warm This Winter No Lump
of Coal or Piece of Wood
Must Be Wasted.
Columbia.- Secretary Redfleld has
written the followhig letter: "
"To the Employees of the Department
"A friendly talk about coal. This
does n~t apply to -hose who have no
heating apparatus under their control,
but it may apply lo all who have such
"M!ay not each of us he his own fuel
administrator? None of us want to
be cold next winter. but what are we
ourselves doing t prevent it?
"Suppose we ourselves a few
simple questions. Do we so under
stand the furnace in our houses that
we know it is giving the most heat
for the least fuel? IHave we made a
study of the art (for it is an art) of
firing a furnace? Is the furnace kept
clean from beginning to end of the
seasotm? We know, do we not, that
dust collected in a furnace reduces its
heating power and uses more coal to
do its work? If the heating appara
tus is a steam or hot water, are the
pipes covered near the f'"nace. where
the steam or water is the hottest?
Sometimes for lack of care to these
points the cellar is heated first and
foremost and the house last and least.
Do we let the house get hot and then
open windows to cool it? That wastes
coal which would be saved by closing
some of the radiators. A study of
your heating system will reward you
in comfort aind money.
"Wood can be used to tide over an
emergency. Are you saving the wood
that may come into your house in one
or another way, and are you taking
steps to obtain wood? This, you
know, is the time when a dead tree
may be a public foe or a public
friend. It is the latter if it is made
available for fuel, but he who wastes
wood or allows wood that. is only good
for fuel to be wasted is helping the
"After all the fuel problem is large
ly up to you and me. It is a trust
imposed upon us to use it wisely and
to use every kind of it that we can
"Shall we not try together as a pa
triotic service to see how far we can
make it go and how little demand we
can make upon the country's stock?
In so doing, we would uphold the
hands of the President and help the
army and save money for ourselves."
An Interesting Question.
Special from Washington.-An in.
teresting question has arisen here in
l connection with the recent appoint
- ment of Senator lenet of South Caro
lina, as to the exact time he will
serve in the upper house of Congress
in the event that he is not elected
for the short term which ends on
March 4. 1919.
There seems to be a mistaken im
pression that the appointment of Sen
ator Benet by Governor lanni.ng was
In the nature of a mandatory ap
pointmnent for- not. le'ss than six
months, whereas the lawv prescribes
that it should not lie for more than
If Senator Benet is not elected for
this short term. accordling to the biest
legal opinions ini C'ongrss5 lie will im
mediat ely relinq uish his seat upon ithe
presen tat ion of I le proper credeni
tials of whoever may he electedl.
FJor- inst ance, shoumld Mr. Pollock be
elected anmd shoul lie present his crc
dlentis immiedliately thereafter, pro
vidled C'ongr-ess is then in session, or
when the next session hegins in De
cenmber, lie woulId. accordIig Io the au.*
thorities here, aut oma ticatIlly diispla ce
Sena tor- lBnet. who accord1ing to law
is a ppointiied "unmt il his successor is
elected anid (tualitios."'
It would not lhe reasoniable to sup
pose that a man who is eleetedl for the
short termii wonld sit quietly down and
wait for the six months' app~oinment
of 5.tntor Bene to) expire. On the
contr a ry, pr-obabily he will come to
Wa~shiington imnmediately, present his
credentials to the senate. and that
bodyv b-inig the highest judge of its
own membership, will det(erm in
whitet heri this short term inembher shall
he seatedl or whethler Senator Blenet
shall serve out time six months' term
for wiheh lie was named.
Suit for Restraining Order.
Gi-eenville.-'The Pelhami Manufac
tuming Company, a large cotton mill in
the uipper sect ion of the county has
filed a complaint in the court of com
mon pleas praying for a tempiorary re
straining order enjoiniing the Paris
Mountain Water Conipany andl the
City of Greeniville from diverting the
water of the Enoree river to their
pumping station and using the same
to the plaintliff's alleged injury, until
the question of a permanent injunction
is decided by the court.
Held on Charge of Sedition.
Gaffney.-Dr. F. C. Hickson, promi
nent Baptist minister and osteopath'ic
practitioner, was arrested here and at
a preliminary examination held by
Col. T. B. Butler was committed to
jail In default of $2,000 bond. The case
against Dri. Hlickson was worked by
U'nitcd States secret service ageni
Tienry E. Thomas of Charlotte, N. C
The evidence was to the effect that the
defendanit had in a nuimbier of conver
- sationts mader the stat cmnnt that Prep
ident Wilson ought to bie assassinatet
ror getting the United Sta Into wax
RIZZO, DREADNAUGHT CHASER
Italy has a mighty hunter, a young
sailor who pursues neither men nor
beasts, nor yet submarines, but dread
naughts. Already he has four in his
bag, and two of them certainly will
never furrow the Adriatic again. He
is Commander Luigi ltizzo, kight of "
the Military Order of Savoy.
On the night of June 10, two Aus
trian battleships of the Viribis Unitis
type stole from the great Austrian base
at Pula, surrounded by a wheeling fleet
of ten destroyers. Rizzo with two lit
tie torpedo boats was cruising through
the morning mist off the lower coast.
ililprsing the Austrian ships looming
up vague and gray, he ordered full
power ahead, darted through a gap in
the shielding line of destroyers,
itcslamined a torl'o home against the
y> > ' side of the "n,_n)-ton Szent Istvan,
saw it sluking, lunched another tor
itedo at the f'oll'wiug dreadnaught,
watched a huge coihunnt of spray shoot
up as the ship keeled over badly damaged, and then in the confusion slipped
away scot free with both his boats. Last December he torpedoed two Aus
trian hattleships in Trieste harbor.
ltiizzo is a Sicilian. lie was born at Milazzo only thirty-two years ago.
Like mnany Sicilians, he comes of a family of sailors and so, when only a lad,
fell naturally into the sea service, joining the merchant marine. lie fared
far, at one time operating a Roumanian steamer on the Danube and the Black
sea, anul had many aIventures which developed that sudden sureness and reck
less caution which war has focused into such high lights.
'When Italy declared war against Austria he was called home and made a
sublieutenant of reserves, and in May, 1915, he was raised to a full lieutenancy.
HEADS POLISH WHITE CROSS
Mmne. PaderewsVkra, wife of Ignace . :
I'aderew'vski, the distinguished au- -
sician, is president of the Polish White
Cross and through her efforts the or
ganizaition In this country has recently
recruited a unit of nurses for service
These nurses are of splendid ma
terlal and received their training at
St. Vincent's and St. Francis' hospitals
In New York. Among themi are ten
grdaenurses and a number of
gnactical nurses. They are headed by
Miss Mary Suchowski, a young woman - --
of muach ability and experience.
Only live of these nurses were
born in this country. Some were born
under Gernan rule-and these have
distinct recollections of Hun cruelty
and injusle e, which now steel them to
serve the cause all tie better.
Mime., Paderesi ka devotes her en
ergy and enthusiasn to the Polish
White Cross and her husband devotes
his time to relief work for 'olbnd and Its re-establishment. Through his
efforts man:iy tho. 'usa rn-Is of valliant Poles are on the fighting line in France, help
Ing to hold the "Frontier of IFreedom."
GALLANT SURGEON HONORED
Sur.geon WVrey Gl. Farwell, U. S. N.,
one of I the Americans t'it ed for valor ini
France, Is a Waushingt onrian and is
very popuilar in army and1( navy circles
t here, lie is a sonr of Dr. and Mrs. EV
G. Farweli, U. 5'. N., and Iris wife, for.
rioerly Miss \'irginia Schanefer-, is living
* ~at the Wa sin gton navy yardi wi Ih her
miothmer, Mrs. I tnam~arin WhlitIe, andt~ her
uncle, lIr. IEdward F. Gireen, U. S. N.
;~ ... rief cabled reports from General
I 'ershinrg's hueadqurtIer~s state that
Dict or Farwell was withtl Col. A, W.
Catlin, U. S. M. 0., when that ofilcer
was .seve'rely wounded on the firing'
line, anid gave first. 111d to the stricken.
tian. After his wondts had been
dressed biy Surge'oni i arwell, Colonel
Cutllin was ciiaieid to thle reara by Capt.
7 Tribot IElaspi erre of' thle French army
/ . ~ Yond Sergt. Sidho-y(.Cofordi of New
Yor cty wo ereathi sdewhen
he was hiit. This, accordinug to the
cabrleui'liepots, wasr accomplished un
der a terrific shllIfire. I net or Farwell, ait Ihis own requtest, was relieved1 from
sea dutly last year ail detailed wIth th le Uniteid States marines when these
tnrops were s'nt to Fi ranace eighrt in nthIs agir. lie has b~een in charge of a
frionti-lne hiosp illaI drurig tine recenmt heavy fgghtI ig in wh'iich the A inericant
riarines lot ye covered'u themcaselvyes withI glory, lie eniteredl the service 14 years
aigo, hais risen raid~ly, ari is known ans one of tire most skillful young surgeons
in the imvy.
E3WATS GREAT BOMBING FLEET
WV. II. Wo'(rkmnrr, generar muanager
of thle I Iandiey-l 'n4e comnpatny, Ltd,,
of Lonrdon, hrhnuself ani Amneriirn, hmas
come to) tire United Startes to promote
his plan11 fior the construrction of 10,000
bombing ruaiplannes, which would be
pioted across thre Atliantic by Amern
carn aviators arndi thenr used to shower/
explosrives4 onI Gernm-held territory,.
Inhspropo(sarl as made~l toth
war departmnenit trad thre aircraft board
Mr. Workrmanu said lhe believed the
plrnes could be b~uilt by April 1, 1919,
and that they wouldl go far toward
bringing the war to an eanly end, Hie
"Twuuenty thorusandi pilots could
easily be trilned by May 1, 1918, to fly
the Atlantic. All we rerd arre 4,000
it D)ecembuer, andi 4,0009 eaich month ~.
thIereamft er, wit thoIli se whomi harve al
reandy bee'rn traia'd. I und~erstanud that
luere arrie -1i0,0 appilini i oins to tire
-i ary and Ina~rvy ault horitie~s to join the
'lii'ii~l ii('icn-bil plneofthe Hlandley-l'age type wat recentlf
.completed anel chrniste'nedl the Lanrgiey. It is designed for a transatlantic flight.