Newspaper Page Text
Held at Mr. Wade Drake's Farn
County Agent Bowen, accompar
ied by Messrs. B. F. Freeman, Ron
O'Dell and The Sentinel editor, al
tended the farmers' meeting on th
farm of Mr. Wade Drake near AT
derson l--t. Wednesday. Though th
weather was inclement a large nun
ber of interested farmers were pre!
ent and those in charge o fthe mee
ing pronounced it th best they ha
ever held. People were present froi
Pick ns, Oconee, Anderson, Abbi
ville. Chester and Greenwood coul
Mr. Drake has used a greater vi
riety of legumes and other covt
crops and has accomplished more i
the way of soil building than an
other man in that part of the cour
try. He is now being followed b
many other good farmers who ar
adopting his methods in some mod:
fled form but Mr. Drake' bears th
distinction of being the first to begii
the work and proving its worth.
In 1909 Mr. 1)rake bought 204
acres of poor run down land, gullie(
and scarred with abuse. Ile Legar
to plow a little deeper and prepar<
the soil a little better for his crop:
thereby getting better yields that
his neighbors. Then he turned under
a few crops of cowpeas, sowed (luite
a good deal of small grain, and fol.
]owed this with peas. In a few yeart
his land was producing more than
double what it was when he b'ought
it. In 1914, 225 acres more were
added to the original tract. This
was handled much to the other tract
but Mr. Drake was not satisfied with
the progress he was making in bring
ing back this soil, so he began to as
semble all of the information obtain
able about soil building and the best
methods of gowing crops. lie reas
Otned that cowpeas were good but if
he could just add some winter crop
to his summer soil bulding crops he
could build up his soil much faster.
11e knew that the leaching of plant
-food from his fields <lnring the win
t('er was very greait, so inl addition to
putting in a syst(m11 of ter''aces he
pamted rye and other grains simply
as a protection to the soil during th
'winter. A .litt.le later he heard of
the soil building qualities of .b",r
vetch, :o he tried that. II t'/
-at(d the soil wherec he --- l'
di aid(1lovd v. as phIintin
v)teh 1111d follower (I1 + bes:t mellthod(
he 17. 1ott.(',.' f'riom ditfl'i'ent sm(u-e i
es and to htis sliplise aid grat ifica
ti)on he pto dl 'o i tod a gmood Crop [) (I
vetch. 'T'he fiirt tiop was allowsc
to S:e(d on the haud i nl then wla., hr
ves-ted for seed . 'I Thre' were eno ugh2
Seed left on It' hmid to insuire a pet'
feeit stanad of' vohinateer' vetch'l the fol
lowing l'all andl with tihe seedl saved'o
fromi this huuli many~ me' acr's wer
seeded t that fall. TIhe' following
Spring (I11;) many aen1's which
wouhni hai veio iotdnnr tan ao
fe rtilIize~cr. Manyi of hiis neighbhoris
caOlled him foolish and even pro posed
to cut anad haul the feed away if he
would give it to them for they could
not beat' to see so much feed wasted.
During the followving years, Mr.
Drake had added crimson clover, vel
vet beans, bur'r clover, Abruzizi ryt
and other crops to his system of soi
building. Every acre of his lam(
pr'oduces aeover crop each yea1
wvhich is trned under' for enrichinj
In speaking of his wvork recentl:
-in answer' to the question, "Why did
you fall upon this soil building prac
tice?" Mr. D~rake replied, "My lan<
was so poor I could not prodluce 1
goodl crop or get satisfactor'y treturn|
from my labor'. I knew somtethin;
had to be (done so I stairtedl out to se<
what I could do. I thought if pea
were so good as a summer crlop tha
if I could get a er'op on the land fo:
the winter that wvould bte as goodl a
cow peas ar'e fotr the summer,
would enrich my soil twice as fast
Ihave found that crimson clover' am
v'etch will (10 this. They are add(
ing niltrogen and1( humus to my soi
during the winter instead of the lani
In the 'beginnnig Mr. Driake uset(
about 30(0 lbs. of fertilizer' per acri
and his yields were about a half bali
of cotton per acre, 15 bushels o:
coirn or 15 bushels of oats. By thu
method outligied above this same lan<
has been brought up to a high statt
of cultivation. D~uring the past fev
years this same land hats averaged
tons of hay per acre, 50t lbushels oi
oats, 25 bushels of wheat, 50 buisheb
of cor'n, andl 1 1-2 bales of cottoi'
In 1 920 this farmn piroduc'ed on
average of 70 bnshels of cor'n pei
acr'e, 50 bushels of' oats, 25 busheb
of wheat and at total of I107 bales 01
cotton from 1 00 acr'es of land. IFo,
196an aver'age of' 600 pounds oi
acid pIosp~hate and cotton seed mn:
were used pter acre andl 50 poundI
nitrate of soda per' acre for cotton,
applied just after the cotton was
chopped orut. 'As a test on corn, ni
trate of soda was applied at the rate
of 600 pounds per care. So full o
nitrogen is this soil, no results wer
a obtained by the use of even thi
In connection with these crops,Mi
Drake has used two tons of groun
a limestone per acre on all of his cu'
tivated land. He is a strong belies
e er in the use of limestone.
1- He has found that because of th
e gullied condition of his farm at th
- beginning, terraces on the level wer
- not satisfactory so he is retracin:
t- his farm with slight fall to all ter
Mr. Drake is a firm believer in in
oculation for all legumes that ar<
'low, commonly grown or for whici
he is not certain the soil carries the
- bacteria. Ile has used the soil trans
r fer method and several kinds of pur:
n cultures. All have ben more or les
y satisfactory The soil transfer meth
1- md is now used exclusively. Mr
Y Drake's method on inoculating vetel
e is to secure soil from a field that ha:
previously grown vetch successfully
e moisten the seed with water to whicl
I has been added enough molasses t<
make them sticky and roll and rol
the seed in the soil until each seed h
I covered with soil, sow the seed anc
cover them lightly before the bac
teria is killed by the sun. A hall
bushel of soil is sufficient to furnish
inoculation for enough seed to son
an acre. A bout 30 pounds of seed
aire used per acre. Planting is done
from September to November. Vetch
never freezes out once it gets well
The same method is used with
crimson clover as for vetch. Soil is
secured from a field that has pre
viously grown crimson clover, or
other clovers that carry the germs
for crimson clover, the seed treated
the same way as for vetch, sown and
covered lightly with a harrow or heel
sweepTwenty live pounds of cleaned
seed or 25 to 35 pounds of unclesa
ed seed are used per acre.
Vet.ch seed are saved b
raking the vetch oil' the
hay rake after the s -d i,
ted. Somietimies ru -
ph Uanted with vet ;;I. I
vei/tch is i. ed........h and
thresh Vt'0 lb, \. Drake
has mIa, oe poutid. of
Vc 'n sec*
ITIEI KEY tHAT UNLOCKS THE
DOOR TO LONG LIVING.
The men of eighty-five anil ninhet
years of age ire not the rot nod, well
fed, but thin, spare men, who live on
I a slen ler diet. li aS carefll as he
will. however, a nIan past middle age
1will occeasionally -atLtoo 1M uc i o r I o'1
somel( article ofI food nolt. suited to his
ermast i~ttion, causintg indigestion)1 or
40onstipaltion1 uand will need ai dlose of
('honbe~trhin's Tablets to move his
lhowelIs and 11invigora'te' his stomacllh.
IWhen this is dlone, thee is no rea'ison
why the ave(rage mana sho uld not live
to ai r'i) old1 age.
PICKENS COUNTY H-AS SMALL
EST NEGRO POPULATION.
W Xashington, D. C., Aug. 25.-Trhe
population of the state of South
Carolina, as recently announcedl by
the Bureau of the Census, Depart
ment of Commerce, is 48.6 per cent
w hite and 51 .4 per cent negro. In
191 0 the percentage negro was 55.2.
The negro population, wvhich wvas
835,843 in 1910, increased to 864,.
719 in 1920, an increase of 3.5 per
cent. The wvhite population in the
same periodl increased from 679,161
to 818,538 0or 20.5 per cent.
The white population of the state
consists almost entirely of native
A merican horn native A merican par.
ents, the total native wvhite of' native
p)1are ntage being 799,18, while the
foreign element is replresented by 6,
401 foreign-born whites, 7,025 na
tive whites who had foreign born
[parents, aundt 5,6941 who had one
parent fporeign born, the other being
native. Thue total population in
eludes also 304 Indians, 93 Chinese,
an a1 Jpan ese.
In most5 counties of the state the
percentage of negroes has decreas
edl and in 19 of the 46 counties there
was also a (decrease in the number
Pickens county has the smallest
pecr cent of negro pqpulation than
any other county in the state, heing
17.4. Be aufort county has the
lragest per cent negro population,
FEDERAL COURT JURORS.
Thle following Pickens countyv men
are on the jur ly for ledelral ('0urt. to
convlenle in Rock H-ill on SepItemnberi
Gr'and jury: Bruce Ilagonid, E~as
l'etit jury: WV. D. Frleemlan. Eans
Iey ; J1. W. Holcombe, Dacusville; .
L. Murphy, Central; Joel Allgood,
Pickens; ,J. HI. Ramnseur, Central.
Jolly Glasses going at 45c dozen to
closq/dut. Bennett Mercantile Co.
f PICKENS ROAD NEARS COMPLE.
South Carolina Road Boosters Inter
view Commissioners Who are to
Build Connecting Link.
e J. T. McKinns . supervisor Pick
e ens county, and Ar. E. ). Sloan,
e state engineer in charge of roads in
Pickens county, met with the Road
~ commissioners of Transylvania coun
ty on Monday, August 22nd. The
- South Carolina officials have spent
d during the past twelve months ap
proximately $100,000 in the con
3 struction of the road between Pick
- ens and Rosman. It will take two
years to complete the road from
South Carolina to Rosman. The
- road on the South Carolina side will
. cost Pickens county approximately
$300,000. What the South Carolina
officials wanted to know was what
Transylvania county expected to do
about connecting the North Carolina
side which has length of 6 1-2 miles
as they did not want to spend $300.
000 without assurances from our
county that the link would be con
pleted by our county.
The road commissioners of our
county assured the South Carolina
commissioners that they never had
any other intention other than to
build the connecting link as the peo
ple of our county regard the Pickens
county connection as one of the
most important roads. When this
road is completed it will put Brevard
100 miles nearer Atlanta than at the
present time, which means that all
tipper South Carolina will use this
road when completed. There are
hundreds of families in upper South
Carolina who would have summer
home , on the many beautiful hill
located between the Rosman
it Pick- r (ounty line as well as
b'':ard. This will mean thousan(s
dolhrs to our county. and too
vithin :a few hour- the farmers coul(
ai ry their product < to tile South
Carolina narkets. I: will moean
greater de(lvelopmenivit in truck gr
1ening and the open ing of thousands
of acres of virg'in timber forest;.
Our citizens ha,\ hoped for ye'ars
that the G;reentvI le C 'nn1eCtion woul d
bet made and we have d(one e cry
tlhing 1o(sibhIle to get. this conIItectIon
anid have spent over *..I9.1.00 on the
ro'l leolingi to C !eniville. It is
(quite at different proposition with the
l'ikemn. county ollicials as they halve
already start ed to ot-k on the road
between Pickens and Rosman 1an1d
have spent. $1(0,(1(10) in the construe
ftin o the sanme. The road con
miionrs of IS I Tra nsylIvaniia were fav
nrably imipressed wtith ',lr. McKinney
anad MTr. Sloan's pro position and we
explect. to vi.Ait the Sou thI Carolina
olleials within the next few weeks
as they are all aiXous to work to
gether~i ini every way Possible.
This roadl project is altogether di f
feren t from the Greenville proposi
tion which after tive years prolmises
and T'ransylvania's spending $40,000
has failed to abide by their agree
ment. Picliens county has built her
line and now it's up to Transylvaniai
county to connect up the 6 1-2 mile
THE CENTER OF WHITE POPU
Pickens, Oconee, Greenville nad
Spartanburg--four great counties of
the Piedmont section, are the center
of white population in South Caro
lina. Figures aninouncedl yesterdlay
by the bureau of the cen'sus give
these four counlties predominance in
the wvhite population among t ie coun
ties of the state, excepting the coun
ty of Horry which seems to hav-e car
rolled a large perCentage of native
Pickens has the largest percentage
of white population of any county in
the state, its percentage of coloredl
population being only 17.4 of the to
tal. Oconee comes second with a
colored population of only 21.2 per
cent. Greenville has a colored popu
lation representing 26.5 of its total,
while Spartanburg's relative colored
population is 29.1 per cent.
These four great counties of the
Piedmont section have an average of
76.5 white population. That is of
far greater importance than the aver-!
age person realizes. At least 98!
per cent of this white population is
native. B~y far the laiger part of it
can11 bet tracedl to Scotch, English and
irish settlers of more than a century
ago. Trho people of these counties,
bound by kith and kin and imbibed
, with the spirit of freedom iand pro
gressiveness, can for years he look
ed uipon to lead Soth Cariol ina in
oult look and1( initiatvie..--Greenville.
Fresh shipment Sweet Sixteen
flour, the best quality plain flour sold
in Ea'iley. We can prove it. Give1
It a trial. Bennett Mercantile on.
Central Mercantile Company.
CENTRAL, S. C.
We have received our New Fall Line of Samples for the
International. This line is the line we have been handlinp for
ten years. Better this season 'than ever, and the prices are re
duced. Let us show you the samples.
CENTRAL MERCANTILE COMPANY,
CENTRAL, S, C.
MORGAN AND ALLEN
INSURANCE OF ALL KINDS.
Central, S. C.
If your Life, House, Barn, Automobile or anything you
have is not" insured we will be glad to write the policy for you
in one of our good strong companies. Consult us today, tomor
row may be too late.
MORGAN AND ALLEN
Insurance Of All Kinds.
BANK OF CENTRAL.
F. B. MORGAN, Pres. B. E. Allen, Cashier
Central, S. C.
A number of our customers are farmers. We are con
cerned that the Boll Weevil has been found in Pickens County.
We hereby offer ten dollars in gold to the man, woman or chlid
who gives the Pickiens County farmers the best advice. You must
live in Pickens County and on a farm. Contest open all of
August. A committee of three farmers will pass on your ad
vice. Mail what you have to say to the Bank of Central, Central,
S. C. Boll Weevil Dept. Lock Box 67.
BANK OF CENTRAL, Central, S. C.
PIEDMONT COLLEGE, Demorest, Ga.
Non-Sectarian; Positively Christian.
Standard Four Years Senior College for men and women. No college or
University in Georgia with higher standards. Large outside income and
its own supplies reduce Board, 'Tuition and Fees to $259 for nine months.
For catalogue and full information, write
'Dean J1. C. Rogers, Piedmont College, Demorest, Ga.
Next week see announcement of High School of Piedmont College
Low Toll Rates at Night*
Long distance calls on a STATION
Tvo STATION basis, when made in
y the evening between 8:30 and midl
'night, are appoxi mately ONE-HI-A LF
.tlie day rate. Between midnight and
4:30 A. M. they are about ONE
FOURTH the day rate.
At these LOW rates you must 'be
prepared to talk to whoever answers the telephone.
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE(
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
Big reduction in price of Goodyear
Rubber Belt. We can supply your needs in
sizes 2, 4, 6 and 8 inch. Get our price be
fore buying. Also see our line of stoves
and ranges at the new prices.
Easley. S. C. Hardware Phon 68
Effective July 15th,
1921, Chevrolet Motor
Car prices are:
Model 490 Touring .
Model 490 Sedan $1,
Model F. B. (Baby
Model 490 Sedan and
F. B. touring have been
All above prices deliv
For information or de
monstration see H. L.
Barr, care Barr Bros,
Easley, S. C.
J. J. McSwain Sam B. Craig A
Greenville, S. C. Pickens, S. C.
McSWAIN & CRAIG
Practice in State and Federal Courts
Pickens Office Phone 39
For Best Resut
Sold by Druggists and Dcler5
NOT TO BE-'
Eyeglasses or spectacles ?
That is the question. Let s
deide fol you hW y examinlinlg
y our ey es and prescrib~ing
yeglasses or spectacles,
wh~ ichever(~ is preferable. We y
they look as ihouigh madle for
~selection and do the fitting.
Kodak Films Developed by Experts
ODOM-SCHADE OPTICAL CO.
A. A. ODOM, A. H. SCADE,
President Sec'y. & Tres.
Masonic Temple, Greenville. S. C.
3. R. Martin J. H. Eairle
Greenville, S. C. Pickens, S.'C.
MARTIN & EARLE
Practice In All Courts
Pickens Offie in Court House.
Greenville Omeie opposite Postoffee, (
The next time
you buy calomel
The purified and refined
calomel tablets that are
nausealess, safe and sure.
Medicinal virtu4 retain..
ed and improved. Sold #e
Price 35c. paags