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OUR STATE' 1 JAGV I1S OIUGIN
AND HISTORY; INTERESTING
STATEMENT FOR SCHOOL USE.
The following article was prepared
for gse with the State flag in the
schools by the flag committe of the
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion 'of South Carolina and has been
officially adopted by that body.
At the outset (of the war between
the American colonies and Great
Britain two regiments of South Car
olina troops were holding on an island
protecting Chailestun. This was in
1775. It so happened that these
4oldiers wore blue uniforms, and on
;heir caps was a silver crescent. They
"nd n flag at that time, as the fight
vith -it Britain had just begun.
William .leultrie, who commanded the
'ort, was requested by the Council of
safety, an organization of leading
-itizens, to fashion a flag. In thols
lays flags were much m10ore us'~ed in
val than 1(w, because lighting was
acre in the opten, and inl other ways
'ery diflerent from modern war. So
hey had to lave a flag, and General
doultrie decided that it should be
ike the uniforms and the cap insignia
If his men. This explains why our
tate flag 's blue, and why that little
-rescent, looking like a new moon, is
ound in one of its corners.
There's a palmetto tree in the flag,
oo, but that did not come until later.
'n the summer of 1776 a British fleet
ttacked a fort on Sullivan's Island,
ear Charleston, and the result was a
isaster for the fleet. That fort later
A amed Fort Moultrie, was built of
'almetto logs, and those logs stopped
, e shot from British cannon. The
esult of the fight was soon known
!1 over the State and everywhere
cople told the story of how the pal
.etto logs withstood the fire of the
emy. And that's 'the reason the
gure of the palmetto tree was put
4 the center of the flag,.:
All of this was before we had a
ational emblem. 'The coloniial troops
f the thirteen States in the Revolu
on used their respective State ban
^rs for quite a time. In those days
.ar forefathers were fighting for lib
'ty more than for union, so the va
ois States were more important
'litical units than they are now. Not
ntil the Civil War, or the war of
ecession or the War Between the
:ales--.iust as you prefer to call it
as this question of union ni -Ily (e
ti. Since that war the State flags
:e not had their eldI time prestige;
mough of course, they will never be
4 lpensed with.
Board and 'I
This flag of ours, with its lnne
colors and pretty design, has had' a
career that is not surpassed by any
other State banner. It waved in tri
umph over forts and over field troops
in the Revolution. It waved again
in victory in the war of 1812. Scm
(mole Indians learned to fear it in the
Seminole war. And in our war wi'h
Mexico in 1848, the Palmetto flag was
the first to be lianted inside the tort
ress of Mexico City. That was a
bloody fight, and one of the greatest
honors our flag ever woen was to be
first inside the Mexican's stronghold.
It was carried there by the Palmetto
regiment, nmde ilp ef South Carolina
A curious and inteiresting feature
of the history of en flag i> that it
was (,ee a national ba:nniuer. for South
Ca'elina was onlet al I ideenient re
public. That way between the t.ime
w se(ledd frem h le iU ini;n and en
tered the Con edr t iate States of
Amerco, a matter .f a few months
bI egilnling late in 1800 and ending
early in 1861. A ir c much discussion
back and forth between the Ilouse
and Senate, it was finally agreed on
.January 28, 1i I, that the flag of
South Carolina, an independent con
monwealth then, should be the blue'
field, with white crescent and white
palmetto tree. Soon afterwards we
entered the Confederates States. and
once more the banner, so familar to
us all, became a State flag. And
after the was was over, the Confeder
acy defeated and the Union re-estab
lished, the same flag remained as the
distinctive insignia of this State.
So many are the stories of fight.
for this flag, fights around it, an-i
other events in which it participated,
that one could not attempt to tell
them all in anything short of a book.
So we shall take only a few of the
stories more or less commonly heard
about the Palmetto State banner.
In the fight between the British
fleet and Fort Moultrie, the flag was
shot down, and fell outside the en
closure. A sergeant, William Jas
per by name. leaped over the walls
of the fort, picked up the flag and
under heavy fire coolly replaced it
cn the fort. South Carolina did not
have a govern(.r then, but a president,
and this president, John Rutledge,
presented his own sword to Jasper
in appreciation of the heroic deed.
There is now a county in the State
named Jasper in commemoration of
this Revolutionary fighter.
In the Revolution South Carolina
had a navy. and of course the Pal
metto. flag was its emblem. In this
al, South Cai
e inPickens Cont.
SMI H4'~. Pre~\ ~
navy was a ship, i bwn as the Fri
gate South Carolina, and reputed to
be the greatest ship then afloat. It
was commanded by a South Carolini
an, Commodore Gillarid, and its explots
while operating under our flag were
famous far and wide. It took British
.prizes all over the Atlantic ocean,
and was gloriously sailed until finally,
when some man other than Gilland
was in command it was captured by
a strong British force at sea.
At the battle of Gaines' Mill in the
War of Secession, four soldiers, all
utnder twenty. years ef age, were shot
down while bearing the I alme'tto flag.
three of them being killed.
And so en, alnwst without end, the
.story of this flag might run. But
there's not the time in; w to tell mtore.
It has known victory and it has known:
defeat. It h:m:; known everything ex
cept. dishonor. It is all interwoven
with the interesting. with the fine his
tory of the State over whih it always
has and always will wave. No long
er a token of an independant repuhlic,
but always a token 'f an indep-n
dence of spirit, of love for liberty
The State of Scuth ('arolina.
County of Pickens.
By N. A. Christopher Probate Judge.
Whereas, S. K. Hlendricks, made
suit to me to grant him Letters of
Administration of the Estate and ci'
feels of 'Mrs. Ann Roe.
These are, Therefore, to cite and
admonish all and singular the Kind
red and creditors of the said Mrs.
Ann Roe deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Ccurt of
Probate, t: be held at Pickens Court
House on 16th day of.December next,
after publication hertt f, at 11 o'clock
in the forencon, to slisv cause, if any
the:y have, why the wiid Administra
tion should not be 'g'ranted.
Given under my hind this 1st lay
of December Anno Dinini 1921.
N. A. Christopher, J-adge -of Probate.
Notice to Debtors and Creditors
All persons holding claims against
the estate of the late F. M. Rog'ers
must present the same, duly proven,
on or before the 16th day of Decembe
1921, or be debarred payment;- and
all persons indehted to the said estate
must make payment on or before the
above date to Mrs. Maary M. Rogers i
or Marcus M. Rogers.
Mrs. :Mary M. Rogers
Marcus M. Rogers
ollege $168 per year.
Ju 110 111.
how ccounts of
will school ch
us help you
I, a), IL. iI1
Paper Doks, SI
JOHN C. CAREY, Cashier
school teachers and
ount with us and
andII~ Supplies L;