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MARE THE F
Pirduo. Food and Feed Crops for
1. andlord., Tenants, and Livestock.
, lemson College, '. 19.-Under
bMI weevil conditions it is considered
e z'emely important for each farmer
it, raise as nerly all of the staple
&ui and feed -crops as is possible to
suippy all needs of the landlord, the
enauts, and the livestock. A survey
which was made of South Carolina in
.1'.00 reveals the fact that this state
a s not produce enough syrup to sup.
i; the needs of the rural population
of the state by something like 3,000,
00' gallons; that there is a deficit of
wheat more than 8,000,000 bushels, of
4 - of over 900,000 tons, of hogs of
'. -;,000; and that we do not have dairy
em itle enough in the state to supply
ti. needs of the rural population ade
itely by 240,000. It was found also
A there were a number of counties
the state which did not produce
- n enough to supply the home
--ids. All of these things can be
wn at home much more cheaply
.n they can be purchased from other
tions, and producing them should
interfere with the production of
pie cash crops but should round
a well balanced cropping system.
any farm on which a good rotation
'ollowed for the purpose of building
un the fertility fo the land and main
aing a system of diversified agri
Irture, all of these crops can be
wn economically and to good ad
>'rovide A Good All-year Homs
C. iden.-On every seli-supporting
rn the "all-year" vegetable garden,
this large or small~o is one of the
ting sources of food sppply, and
refore is of first importance and
indispensable value. In fact, with
a good garden, both spring and
there can lie no "100 percent"
'-supporting farm. The underlying
*ciples involved in good gardening
: (1) site and soil selection: (2)
anced planning: (3) deep and
rough preparation of the soil; (4)
icious and liberal applications of
:ilizers and barnyard manures; (5)
- eful selection of varieties and lib
1 quantities of good seed; (6)
rough cultivation; and (7) insect
I disease control.
*'rovide and Care for a Good Homo
:hard.-It has been proved concli
?ly that the soils of South Caro
I are more than ordinarily adapted
the growing of fruit for home use,
in some sections for commercial
pment. In the new agricultural
gram, necessitating more than
r before the "self-supporting"
ii, the well-kept home orchard and
it garden will play a great part.
'he underlying principles involved
good orcharding. irrespective of
, are: (1) site and soil selection:
fruit and variety selection; (3)
ing out the orchard and preparing
soil; (4) planting; (5) fertilizing;
cultivation, pruning, spraying and
D'rovide Enough Milk for All Fami.
*En the Farm.-With an a'ound
:e of milk, butter and cream for
family. 25 tn 35 nlercent of the
acer'y bill may be saved. Eiachi farm
aily of five should own or be fur
bed with two cows of standard
*ry breed (grade or purebred). One
v should be bred to freshen in the
-lng and the other in the fall and
this way about two gallons of milk
' day may be produced if proper
' e and feed are provided. The ten
tshould be given an opportunity to
- use and pasture his family cows
ar his home or to milk and feed
3m undler the direction of the land
vner at a central plantation barn.
All feeds for the family cows must
*home grown. The following feeds
e each cow should be stored to be
ed during winter months: one ton
peavine hay; 1000 pounds of velvet
a tns; ten bushels of corn; andl 500
unds of cottonseed meal. It is in.
-rtant to prepare one to two acres of
*rmanenlOt pasture for each cow in
- der' to produce the dairy prodlucts
the home more cheaply. The milk
wvs should lhe pastured on the culti
*ted fields it the fall when possible
id on oats and rye in the wvinter and
a rly spring.
The milk cows should be bred only
io purebred bulls of a dlairy breed.
'he cheapest means of insuring the
vrvice of a good bull for a few cows
to organize a dairy bull assonciationi
nong neighbors. This means the
~eping of one good bull for each 4ie
'50 milk cows in the community.
each farmer pays his piroposition of
he purchase price and upkeep of the
uillR. When sevoral communities
eurchase hulls they may exchmange ev
ry two years. thus reducing the ex
rense of purchase.
Provide Sufficient Poultry for En
Ire Farm.-The keeping of a filock oi
;aying hens on the farm is an impor
ant part of good general farm man
n'gement. The product of such a iloclk
ieay lbe produced at a relatively lou
a ost. I~ggs produced at home will re
luce cost of living, and both the su
ierior freshness and quality of the
ggs are well worth the effdri' expendl
id. l~ggs are a highly nutritious food1
and are so widely used as to be almnosi
On every farm there should be al
least 30 to 40 laying hens. Theme henn
will produce plenty of eggs for home
consumption and also some for mar
ket. EDach bird 16 her pullet yean
should lay 120 eg-s, and the .anmouni
,of feed consumed by that lyird will hi
As than 90 pounds. ia poultry rats
Ing, it is much more advisable to keep
pullets and yearlings than birds over
two years. Such birds consume much
feed but have not the laying ability
For general farm conditions, the
dual purpose breeds are the most pop.
ular. Plymouth, Wyandotte, andRl4ode
Island Reds are the most popular and
from records appear to give the most
favorable results. The egg type such
as the Leghorns are in favor among
poultrymen because of the great egg.
When starting in with the farmn
flock one should be sure to obtain
some purebred stock, especially pure.
bred males. Purebred stock produces
a greater number of eggs, a more uni.
form product, makes possible the sell.
ing of eggs for hatching, and creates
a greater interest in poultry. Stan.
dard products command a better price
on the market and net a greater finan
Develop the Hog industry as Farm
Conditions Justify.-The'meat bill is
one of the biggest items in the gro.
cery bill of the average South Caro
lina family. It will take four hogs
averaging 150 pounds each to supply
pork for the average family of five.
Twenty-sevon counties in South Caro.
lina are not producing sufflicent pork
to feed the rural population.
All feeds for hogs, save possibly a
little tankage, should be home grown.
It takes approximately ten bushels of
corn and sixty pounds of tankage to
produce a 160-pound pig. If the aver
age family requires four hoga, tbon it
will take forty bushels of corn and 240
pounds of tanage to produce thes-3
hogs. If buttermilk, soy bean pasture.
rape pasture, or corn and velvet bean
pasture is available it will not be nec
essary to buy tankage. A splendid
way to fatten hogs is to turn them on
cc.rn nd velvet beans and Jet the hogs
do the harvesting.
Good pastures are absolutely neces
.iary for economical perk production
in South Carolina. and it has been
thoroughly demonstrated that good
pastures will save about two-fifths of;
the grain ration. One of two acres
of rape or rye for winter pasture,.and
access to Bermuda* pasture for sum.
mer, wil produce sufficient grazing for
a brood sow and her litter.
Sows are usually bred so that they
will farrow in March and September,
allowing 3 months, 3 weeks, and 3
days for the gestation period. It is
important to use only purebred boars,
as this is the most economical way of
improving the herd.
Give Dalrying a Place in Diveral
fled Farming.-The surplus feed crops
resulting from diversified farming
may be sold through the dairy cow
profitably if a convenient market is
available. A silo is recommended for
herds of ten or more cows. Corn and
sorghum are the best crops for en
Balanced rations for milk produc.
tion should be made from home
grown feeds; corn, velvet beans, oats,
cottonseed meal, peavine hay, alfalfa
hay, soybean hay, silage. Wheat bran
is fine for the dairy ration, and if
wheat is not grown it might pay to
buy a limited amount. Good cows
should be fed liberally, and unprofit
able cows should be sold to the
The smallest unit recommended for
commercial dairying is four cows. This
number justifies the purchase of a
cream separator and p~ermnits ship
nments often enough to insure a good
product. It is better to sell cream to
a creamery than to make farm butter
Breeders of purebred dairy cattle
should continually improve their
herds by: (a) Advanced Register
testing; (b) showing at fairs; (c)
growing out the young animals; (d)
tuberculosis eradication; (e) control
of infectious diseases; (f) advertising
to sell surplus stock.
Try Beef Cattle if Conditions Just
ify.--While the production of beef cat.
tie is a rather specialized industry
and can not be undertaken profitably
by every farmer. there is no doubt
that South Carolina should prodluce a
larger percentage of its beef. On
farms where considerable areas of
cheap pasture lands are available, or
on farms where large amounts of
rough feeds are prodeed, beef cattle
raising will yield a good income to
the man who will give it his attention.
Only well bred stock should be kept.
The beef cattle grower may begin
with native beef cows and by tp~ing a
pureb~red bull he wlli soon have a
herd of high grada cattle that will
be economical producers of beef.
Breeding herds may be maintained
practic-ally the whole year on pas
lure. In summer they - will become
fat on Bermuda. In win'er they will
thrive on the volvet b~ean fields and
rye or crimson clover pastures. If a
flermuda pasture is reserved for wvin
ter use it will be very serviceable
when the fields are muddy.
Ask Clemson College for Ferther
in forma ti on.-Extension Bulleti., 48,
"F~arm ing under M.ll Weevil Condi
t ion," which may lbe secured from
county agents or from the Extension
Ser-vice, Clemson College. S. C., con
tains further inforriation on the mat
ters discnussed above, and farmers
should ask for this bulletin and other
publications that will help show how
to make the farm self supporting.
Thue ft'ure of agriculture depends
upon how much agriculture: relates it
selftof modern science. t
(Intended for last week.)
Palestine school is progressing
nicely in spite of the March winds
and rain. ,
Mrs. Eudie Gantt is very ill at
Miss Nannie Craig is spending a
few days near Salem this week.
Miss Dallie Gantt spent the week
,end with her sister Mrs. Eudie Gantt.
Mr. Justus Craig was visiting near
Gap Hill Sunday.
Misses Ollie Belle Sanders and Lois
Finley spent last Tuesday night with
Miss Nannie Craig.
Mr. Harold Hyde visited his bro
ther Walter, at Liberty last week
end, he reports a fine time.
Mr. Ralph Childress spent Sunday
night with Mr. Tillman Garrett.
Horseback riding seems to be grow
ing more and more pleasant in Pales
Mr. J. B. Finley is improving after
a severe attack of pneumonia.
Mr. Richard Garrett spent Satur
(lay night with his brother, Mr. Eudie
Mr. Hermon Childress spent Sun
day evening with his dear, and also
presented hr with a box of choco
Misses Jessie Alexander and Loye
Finley visited at Palestine school Fri
A crowd of boys went opcssum
hunting Saturday night and caught
a. ground squirrel.
We are expecting a fine time at
What Will You
iNow is a good time to make you
canl make them with greater care.
We invite you to comle in and 10<
plans which we have on building:9
you wish to construct.
FIRST-you want good lumber
SECND yo watstifci
Whawllt Wll e hyou
Nowv an gootuim to rove t.
Canl usao the pihonenatter h
Wo e vitync to coe ofnserviceo
ou beshto dve.'rtismet.
FIRST-yo wa t oo lumerv
SECO DyPEwn LT Y ifCti
coe Pluycan tofsevc
Palestine the last night of school,
but will come again and tell you the
Palestipe and Isaqueena schools are
planning a joint picnic for April 1,
All fools day. We are anticipating
a grand time over on Keowee at
Cravens Ford. Everybody is invited
to come and bring well-filled baskets
Pueri et Puellae.
MT. CARMEL HONOR ROLL.
Primer.-Ethel Barnette, Gladys
First Grade.-Fay Lathem, Mar
garet Tanner, Dorothy Holcombe,
Second Grade.-Homer Barnette.
Third Grade.-Carrie Biggs.
Fourth Grade.-Maud Green, Fred
Tanner, Duane Brown, Will Julian,
Clarence Julian, Jim Looper.
Fifth Grade.-Gladys Brown, Ella
Mae Ferguson, W. A. Looper.
Sixth Grade.-Emma Grace Lath
em, Lillian Crane, James Barnett,
Seventh Grade.-Florence Hitt,
Eighth Grade.-Anna Belle Rey
nolds, Pearl Chastain, Lizzie Fergu
son, Leon Looper.
The Sentinel has the exclusive
agency in Pickens for Harcourt &
Co., Louisville, Ky., makers of
America's finest engraved wedding
invitations, announcements, cards,
stationry, etc. The Harcourt im
print is the mark of highest quality.
Handsome samples may be seen at
The Sentinel office.
Build This Year?
r plans while you have the time, and
k over the many valuable books and
illustrating 1xractically everything
and other materials.
ow sml tejbmye. We wel
r lln h ie yocao uhe tme n
and oter matriTle
ow smal the ob maybe. nW thl
nowig tht asatifiedcusor the
G. G. CHRISTOPHER DR. J. L. AICEN
Pratice in all Courts.
Office over Pickens Bank. Reasonable Prices.
Pickens, S. C. Masonic Bldg., Pickens, S. C.
THE PICKENS SENTINEL
r-- xci C: UI-% v4e 6 loe-_3ICeen t's
for finestlt~tionery Tnqrvinq
. one Of'
lmerics Leadinq Tnqraving Mouse&
The uorof tbhi'firmis femous
hr THE UNVERSAL CAR
And remember- the lowest firet
cost, the lowest upkeep and the
highest resale value of any motor
oar ever built.
Thousands of salesmen now
using Ford Runabouts have in
creased their earning capacity
up to 35%-and more. A point
well worth your serious consid
eration. The entire expense
including operation and main
tenance rarely exceeds railroad
fares. Let us prove how a Ford
Runabout will help you earn
more money. Terms if desired.
HI. P. Sit ton, Jr.,
A UTlIIORIZED FORID D)EALERI.
sig Festival Week.
See the beauty Queens from each
ty in the State and the Corona
patterned after the old English
om with all the pomp and display
big three section street par adle with County Queens on County
rhe Baby 1:arade; The mam outh fireworks display witnessed la'ti.
20,000; The'Auto Show; In- hstrial E-xhibits; The Style Show.
e daily hand concerts. See I he vaudeville features aMu be on hand
hig Grand Opera Star Niga t. Palmafesta rivals the New Or- '
adi Grass. Don't miss it.
Bring All the Folkst <[