Newspaper Page Text
Resort of Th
shcete dvn o poibtof.
Work of' Schools for the Blind Is
Simplified by Adoption of
DOTS TAKE PLACE OF LINES
Enables Blind to Receive Training
Through Which They May Become
New York.-The Braille system of
emihossed type hias now '.een adopted
by all schools for the blind in this
country, and since 19'.O no new book
has been etinhossed I' any other 1ype.
Dlozens of embossed types for reading
by the finger have been designed
front time to teie; the first practical
one wits devised In Fraunce 130 years
ago by Valent I Ilauy. Three syr
(etns retalned popularity for inny
years, but as this made It necessary
for the blind to learn three different
,types, the leading educators of the
country decided to make one system
universal, and unanihously decided
on the Iratille.
MlIuch ingeituty, effort and tuoney
have been expended In devising these
systeins to enatble the blind to read
and receive training through whlih
they muny become self-supporting. All
Jnay be divIded into two groups
those cotnios)el of lines and those
colaposed of points. In general the
line types, whiclh (mtne first, were inil.
tittlons of clharacters that had stir
.vived as best at1(10 'Ied to rfnding by
The point types, the chia rters of
which are tmerely d(i ferent arrange
ments and ntners of sitillar points
or dots, represent arbitary systems
just Iflecl hoth aiis being generai lly maore
tangible lihan thie lilies, anid as being
writabule ats well its rea~htble by the
blInd thlemnselves. 'Te point systeonis
haiive grad(ully3 driivent- out thtle line
types, willh the ex'ep (t i oflte Moon
type, wite isu Is larI ige antd (conIrse
tt atnyboy ha3'tilving tute Iliast jia
tince enni learn toi(4 readto with thle
Agreed on a Midway Type.
Th'le type~t iadop'ited 1 is called (lie Rie
have bieten using thie,. type In two
formus, one in lull sliellitng and1( other
highly cont11raicted4 with manny arbi
trairy abb~lr.eviatons(1. As textbtooks
and1( lIterature shoiuldl lit mnodeis of
goodl usage, t14'he led;ng eduentors of
the blind1( in tils ('ountriy aigreedi on
at ty3pe baetwn the'i t14Iw(. Tihis Amern
('tn grade Is ai sihillied type and (iin
be readl by atnyone who knows eIther
TIhet musIc not1at ions for thte blind
are now the samte everywhere, as tare
ntotat itns wher'ever- l'nglishi is used. In
tis wayit Othilicai ti of scoires and
tablies utnay be avoided through Inter
nti onal exchatnge. Alireaidy 208 dlit
feretnt books halve been p)ubilied In
this uniform type, bokfr
tho blInd began with the founding oft
the first school in this country in 1830.
Supply Is Exhausted. American
Relief Workers Report.
Bread is Made From alt Sorts of Sub.
stances-Break-up of Winter Re.
veals Terrible Conditions
Seed Grain Needed.
Newv York.-A cablegram reelves
by Chaurles V. Vickrney, general secre
tory of Near Itast lielief, datted Alex
andropol, tells of how investigation b.)
Americatn relief workers has revealed
( terrIble staurvation amitong refugees aIll
-orphans with the break-u~p of wuinter lIr
the nountaini villatges of central Ar
Foodstuffs thtrougthout the area art
exhausted, tihe cable says, -and con
tinuies: "Blread Is made fromn all sortb
of substitutes, Including flax, chaff and
awdust, having no apprecIable food
falue. The people are extracting un
*taeated innteriats from old refuse ant
irsty Americans Destr
view fr"(n111lte narbr during the burnit
Led at $2,0,0000. 'T he hotel was a favori
Books were made Us funds were avail
able until 1879, when congress granted
the Amerlean Printing House for the
Blind at Louisville an annual subsidy
of $10,000. This house at once be
came the greatest producer of its
kind in the world, and continued to he
such into' the present century, when
the number of blind pupils in the
schools drawing upon this source for
books had more than doubled.
The cost of production and the in
crease in demand eventually made the
output of this .house insufficient, and
in the emergency several of the
schools put up emergency printing
presses and assisted one another. One
endowed enterprise set about manu
facturing writing appliances and
table games for the blind and selling
them at less than cost. In 1919, how
ever. congress increased its grant to
the American Printing House from
$10,000 to $50,000, which made pos
sible the enla rgement and improve
inent of the plant and the increase in
the number of hooks to each school.
In a report on the work to educate
the blind and distribute books among
them, 1Edgar IS. Allen, director of the
I'erkins institute and Massachusetts
School for the Blind, writes:
"Most schools are glad to circulate
their emhossed books beyond their
own pupils and do so as far as they
can. Iut the reading hunger of the
blind outside of Institutions is chiefly
satisfie(l by circulating libraries lo
cated here and there throughout the
country. Libraries 1111(1 schools inler
('st('(d have collected miuch literattire,
and some nut hors have been induced I
ANCIENT SCRIPT I
Writing Similar to Chinese Dis
covered in Idaho.4
Scientists Will Explore Caves and De-.
cipher the Writing Before Reveal
ing Location-May Find I
Iloise, I dahIo-Syambols and signs,
t'hiiseled, It is hllevedi, ages ago, were
discovered recently oin lava rocks lii
at remo~te section)1 of Owyhelie county,
Manyi3 of the inscriptions bear
striking resemiblance to Chinese al
phabet charamcters of today, it was'
saId, althlougha archeologjsts Say they'
miay be anywhere from -400 to 30,000
Discovery of tihe insc'riptions, wvh eh
are saidl to be a mine of archeological
treasure, wats mnade by IRobert [im
hert, al Boise taxidermist. TheIr exact
!ocation wIll noit be made publie uintil
summer by3 a numbller of scientIsts who
are coiming here.
Thle volcanic toeg on which tihe In
sciptions tare carived is scattered Over
a 30-acre sagebirush flat. In the imt
mediate vi(elnity are several ha rge
caves, atrotund tile ent rnace of which
the rocks atlso are inscribed. It Is be
IN NEED OF FOOD
giving it to the children. Ilealth con
ditiotns are critical. Gastric andit in
testinal troubles pirevail, dute to mnal
nutrition. A large per cent of the
people arte suff'ering from skin diseases.
One-fourth of the adults aire incapaci
taited atnd bedridden.
"In the villages Visited there are
1,500 orphans wvho should he' removed
imamedhately If they are to live. 10ven
in smallI villages the weekly deathl list
includes ten child'ren. In matny' villages
all childrey have lost their hair (luring
the winter. Several cases were so des
perat that tile p~eole resortedi to eat
ing human tiesh, wvhich practice wasi
sharply punished by the authorities,
Officials said they are doing all they
can to prevent it, but the people lose
thteir senses from hiunger. At Maha
maudchuk a family of fifteen persons
was visitedl a month ago. Now, only
Ithree of the faimily remain. The dead
include all the miale members of thte
family. Oreat anxiety is expressedi
Iabout securing seed and grain tow
Dyed by Fire
ig Of t.ie big Colonhil lotel at Nassau,
te stopping place of thirsty Ame~ricans
to mfeet the cost of publishing a book
or two in lBraille.
"By far the largest number of hlind
flfnd partly blind pupils in the United
States, as elsewhere, attend the resi
tential schools comminonly called Insti
tutions. There are now 43 such
fehlools, with a total attendance of
rbout 5,000. The day-school move
lient started in Chiengo considlered
all its 1u1l1111 blind, and taught th eiA
Is such for years until in a few eities
ertain of the semi-blInd were segre
atedp and taught as sei-sighted pu
ptas, chiefly through the eye Instead
of the fingers.
"The mnovement for such segrega
tion is scientitleally correct, aind rep
resents a great eduentlona advane
in the propier methods of reaiing~
rhildren not sufferlng from bindness
but from seriously defective eyesight.'
Bankrupt Town Sold.
Portland, Me.--The sale of a towvn
was containe yir In a Federal court or
der recently when Judge W. er. Sher
piardl chnenlte to the eentase of
the $f.ng0 brs of 1". G. I'lu of Chi
ngo for the mssets of the Towun of
ValIpa raiso, wh I ch has been In liti
gation for sointi ti . There were tw
hids, the one coiming from an associa
tIon of unit holders, who were unnbale
to p it before bank closIng hour
the repiired ceiifled check for $5.000.
The other hid was iin cash. The bank
ruBt town Is in the Southern art or
- aMule Fell on Him.
Greenslrg, Ind.--CreNVce .elish
of this city wvas the victI Ef aiin un
usual accident the other day whi I
digging a ditcl here. A mifus e, diiveti
by Thionas Bui timon. fell in the diteli
at the e point where Melish was work
ig, 'and lhe waIs held prisoner by thle
weight of the iois uuntil it was re
movedl by fellow worki ng. Melih
mhe reud an Injured hipe) anid a few
inor hi wes
3 FOUND IN WEST
leved thes caves never have been
xloredi. J'ossily, it la said, they
ofntain many relics of sclentific value.
Twuo distinct types of carvings, ideo
riphic iand pictographe, have iven
oye1h. Archeologists believe the ideo
rieinc antedates by misny years the
>ict ographie. Both Systemas hiave been
'0und( together on one rock and near
hem can be dliscerne~d what appears
o lie a third system, suppo~sed1 to ante
late both of the others, but which has
veathered beyond possibility of deci
Clear hits of this prehistoric writing
Ire found on one huge water-worn
)owldler 25 feet long, 14 feet wide anid
i feet high. Near the center is a
eries of triangles believed to inNiE te
IndIan tepees, and next to them nye
rows of dots and dashes, thought to
IResemblance of many of the In
scriptioins to the characters of the
Chlinese alphabet w~as taken by some
lo subistantlate the theory that theo
Nor'th Amieriean native descended
fromll a race wle~h caime from Asin
b~y way Eof Bering straits.
Indians now living in Idalho, when
rluestionied regarding the carvings, 51ay
the moiire mloderir or pietographic are
the work of their forefathers, but
the:, alsse(rt the others to be the work
ipring plantIng. The head man of the
argest village saidl: 'If we can secure
seed we shall be on our feet by mnid
mmnmer. If we dlon't get seedi we atre
'Ioomeid to dheath."
Near' F~ast Rtelief has sixty Amerienn
~ellef administrators, doctors aind
iurses~in this area. During the winter,
towever, their supplies and resources
myve been so reduced that they have
ieen able to do little more than care
kor the large numbea' of orphians al
'endy aicceptedl in institutions, a single
>rphianage numbering 18,000 children,
secrletary Vickrey declares that not
mnly the lives of the orphaned children
his spring, but the food supply for
:he entire population next winter de
lends on the promp~t dispatch within
the next few weeks of grain for food
aind seed fronm the United States.
Once there was a conductor who
was not satisfied with his wages, and
left. The next day, while looking for
a job, he happened to step on the third
rail. Did he get killed? No. lie ws
a nonconductor.-.. Science and Inven
COTTON GETS BACK
TO NORMAL BASIS
COMMERCE DEPARTMENT COM.
PLETES SURVEY OF THE
AFTER A FIVE YEAR PERIOD
Weather Conditions and the Boll
Weevil Are Now Principal Factors
to be Considered.
Washington. -- Wbrid cotton con
sumption has returned to its pre-war
level after a five-year period of low
consumption, according to a survey of
the international cotton situation cov
ering production, consumption and
stocks, as of April 1, made public by
the commerce department.
"The striking feature of the situa
tion," the department said, "is an in
dicated consumption of 21 000,000
bales for the year ending July 31, 1922,
approximately 6,000.000 bales more
than was produced for the crop year."
The world carry-over, the depart
ment concluded from its survey, will
return to normal by August 1, 1922,
while the outstanding feature of in
terest now is the degree to which the
cotton production will return to the
pro-war level, or whether it will con
tinue on the basis of the last five
years' average of 18.000,000 bales.
Much depends, the department declar
ed. on weather conditions and the ex
tent to which the boll weevil proves
to be a limiting factor.
Little Change in River.
New Orleans.-While water flowed
through the three crevasses in the
lower Mississippi river continued to
cover more lands, the fight to prevent
other breaks in the levees was carried
on without any let-up. Thousands of
men spent their Sabbath filling and
piling sand bags to strengthen the
weak places and to raise low stretches
of the embankments to meet higher
river stages than any yet recorded.
In the third Mississippi levee dis
trict alone no less than 10,000 men
were engaged in the fight to hold the
swollen river in its channel, the 4,000
employed by the government in this
district being reinforced by more than
6,000 civilians who have volunteered
their services for the common pro
tection of their homes. Church ser
vices were dispensed with in many
places, the pastors leading their flocks
to the levees, where the day was,
spent in hard labor to prevent further
Shoots Son and Commits Suicide,
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Dr. W. P. Allen
of Dayton, Tenn., who last December
was aclhitte( of the murder of Burch
C. Gardenhire, member of a well
known Tennessee family, after one of
the most sensational murder trials
ever staged in Rhen county, killed his
nine-year-oldl son, WV. P.. Jr., shot at
his wife and committed suicide.
The double tragedy occuredl three
miles south of Dayton as Dr. Allen,
his wife and son were returning from
an automobile ride.
Mrs. Allen said the shooting was
done without any warning. She told
Sheriff Blurnette, who made an inves
tigation, that Dr. Allen, who was driv
ing the car stopped at the side of
the road,. dr-ew he~ revolver, shot the
child through the head and then got
out of the seat. She jumped out on
the other side, she said, andl ran, as
Allen started shooting at her.
Captain Coleman Seeks Relief. .
New Bern.-At the jail here Arthur
Coleman, captain and owner of the
British schooner "Message of Peace,"
convicted of selling whiskey and sen
tenced to six months in jail by .Judge
H. 0. Conner, said he erpected to be0
released on bail,. His counsel. John
D. and Emmett Bellamy, wvent to WViI
mington to attend to securing the b)Ond
wvhich was fixed at $2,500.
Captain Coleman declared that he
was far from being through with the
case. He expects to sue for the recov
ery of his ship and its cargo,
Many Children Hurt,
Rome, Ga.-Frive children were se
riously injured, one probably fatally
and 18 others suffered bruises when
they were thrown out of a truck tak
ing a curve near her-e.
Ruth W~est, 13, of Lindale was -re
ported to have suffer-ed a fractured
skull, and was not expected to live.
Four others, Houston Hendricks,
Richard Bean, Louis~e Mathis and
Walter Green, also were taken to a
hospital painfully hurt. The injuries
to the other-s were chiefly minor cuts
Marshal Joffre Leaves New York,
New York.--With the strains of
"Auld Lang Syne,"' played by a mu.
nicip~al band as the liner Celtic speed
ed up off the Statue of Liberty, Mar.
shial Jeff re waved goodl-hye to Amer.
lea and began the last lap of his world
tour. The band was aboard the police
boat John F. Hylan.
The marshal stood at attention foi
a moment after the band began, then
suddenly waved his red and gold hat
grew more enthusiastic and wavedii
cane, while the big liner slippetd awa3
toward the open sea.
ROBBER DE LUXE
RAIDS 200 HOMES
Makes Confession to Chicago Po
lice Accounting for. More
Than $500,000 Loot.
HAS CLEVER "SYSTEM"
All Other Smooth Workers Are Boobs
Compared to "Master Thief," Say
Police Officials-Only Weap
on Ammonia Gun.
Chlcago.-Well-d-essed men and
.vomen of an exclusive South side
neighborhood crowded the Hyde l'ark
police station to identify Sllverware,
furs and clothing stolen from them,
following the astonishing confession
of Edward Collins, alias George Wil
llams, IS East Twenty-first street,
Chicago's "de luxest" burglar.
Collins, whose criminal record dates
back to 1904, when he was sent to
Jollet for burglary, was arrested by
Sergeants John Mulcahy, Fred Web
ster, and John Ituddy at Forty-sixth
street and Woodlawn avenue. They
had been looking for him for weeks.
His confession, made to Capt. Patrick
J. McCaley of the Hyde Park station,
a1(1 to Chief Fltzmlorris, will account
for $500,000 worth of stolen goods and
incidentally disclose a huge "dope"
ring, po'ice believe. Collins robbed
more than 200 homes.
"System" Wins 9olice Comment.
"All the smooth workers I've ever
seen are boobs compared to Collins,"
said Captain McCauley, in grudging
admiration of the burglar's "system."
Collins always made sure his victim
was away at the time of his call. To
make doubly sure, (i entering the
hallway he would push the door but
ton three times. The rest-the jimmy
ing of the locks-wns en sy. IHis only
tuols were the jimmy ant an ammonia
pistol, filled with water, that looked
like an automatic. He said that in
his long career he has used it but
A special velvet-lined trousers
pocket was for diamonds alone. After
rifling the householder's choicest ef
fects he would pile them into a suit
cage (also found in the apartment),
telephone for a taxi cab and saunter
Recover $10,000 Worth of Loot.
Loot to the extent of $10,000 was
recovered in his Twenty-first street
abode. Although he has stolen ap
"Ilv -~-- - - :eu,"oeo
hWsuvdctimwle Tte In theitcasc.
station wher-e Collins was affably as
sisting in t he return of property.
"1 remember that perfectly," would
be his reply. "I was there at three
o'clock on Februar-y 22. I got two
furs, a necklace and a suitcase
Sergeants Peery and WVebster uin
packed half a dozen sultcnses and
handlbags in the station squad room.
Out came silverware, furs, men's and
womenm's suits, an Ivory toIlet set, and
three automa tic revolvers. Collins' vie
tinms examined it eagerly. The loot,
whlichl covered a long table, wVas mnele
ly a suggestion of what was found at
his add ress.
Collins, a Chicag'o prodluct, well
dressedi, affable and( said( to be a capa.
ble0 linguIst, first got "in bad" in 1904,
when sent to Joliet for burglary. I~e
was par-oled and resentenced at inter
vals up to 1910.
Penny Bombs Seized by Police.
New York.-Toy bombs selling for
a ipenny and used by school children
to amake noise during recess were
seized by police of New York city
when a schoolteacher complained of
the (disturbance. Chemicals in tile glass
tubes causedl the children's eyes to
smart, tihe teacher said. About 1,000
bombs were seized 1mn a store patron
ized by tile children.
Officer FInds Own Daughter Drowned,
Mluskegon, blich.-When a report
came to police that a girl had been
drowned in a creek, Ofmcer Edgar
Johnson was dispatched to tihe scene.
He arrIved in time to see neighbors
lift his own fiye-year-old daughter out
of three feet of waer,.
An Exp *
"I used to be ..J d 3
a poor cook, and
never pretended to
bake a cake worthy
of praise, but now
I am called the
of my community
thanks to the Roy
Mrs. R. W.
Contains No Alum
Leaves No Bitter Taste
Send for New Royal Cook Book
--It's FREE. Royal Baking Pow
Little Mabel's Query.
Little Mabel, eight years old, has
coinpanuy of grown-up~s, and had1 ac
plass4el much of her young life In the
(uired inany of their oldish ways by
itaation. An elderly laldy visited the.
aunt with whoii Mlabel lived. Mabel
hit(] heard the stereotyped expression,
"Well Ipreserve ," ist'eI (olcerning 01(1
people. So, after this old laly took
her <leplrture, Aiabel sprang a sur
prisea upon her elers by remarking
"Auntie, lsn't Mrs. Brown a well
pickledl old hly."-Judige.
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTOIIIA, that famous old remedy
for infants and chldtren, and seg that it
In Use for Over :i Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Explains Old Mystery.
A subterranean ri . er with several
tributaries hats been dlscovered near
Lubeck, Germany. It enmpties Into the
Baltic -ea aibout twventyV miles beyond
the seashore. The discovery has great
practical value berise u it explainsM
the mysterious illIficult lea that have
been experiened with Lubeck's water
supply which now can be overcome.
of oough, Cold, Ia
Heaves and Worms among ho) . .m
mules. Give an occasional dose as a
Preventive. Excellent for Dog Distemper
C h ole ra. Wrie for FreBookle.
sold in two atzs at alt dirulg stres.1
TO KILL RATS
\Always use thie genuine'
STEARNS' ELECTRIC PASTE
It fores those posts to run from the building for
water and fresh air. Rets mice, cockroaches, water
arrugs a atdestroy food and property and are
READY FOR USE--BETTER THAN TRAPS
Directions In 16 languages in every box.
'u s. size 86c. 16 us. size ,I.60.
_ MONEY BACK UF IT FAILS
Easy to Stop
Benzo-Ester Capsules stop monthi
pains, cramps and headaches in 80
minutes or money back. No red tape.
Absolutely harmless and do not ef
fect heart or nerves. Why suffer or
lose time from work each month?
Send 25c to International Sales Co.,
Norfolk, Va., if your druggist hasn't
W dtn 0Young Men lo Learn
0h BARBER TRm.
Best college In the South.W
Charlotte Barber College, C lal
FhJt~' FOR ((000 gA ~ %' W
have to leave homeII ir qlul You 't
emlpioymient. A thero ugly urod ento
enorsed by hoertiiteel i'u~i Accoutns
and taught by Iearling C. e .antcount
Tax.Expert. why ao away'to businessncom
logo andi spend t00 o $',1! 000 wheneos Coa
prepare bette.r ror a bookkrei~t piin o at
nome for nor'11na Ilimit ion very lositon a
examlned1 by C. - A. (Va.) n rtry l
to you at onc e' no lost tlr .) and rtuborec
bills Prticulars ~~ Ilct o f .ensio r
Schol.32l Y lnt I~n S . chmi ond, 'a.
peareda byve lir. Tursi5o iubc(os
luvers At ytll dnir'. from grateful dog
lpers rt etfr pois, lor direct to you, $2
penra,,ne e nomlaid nycp. Ur.'Turners
UNL. TED GUARANTEE
TRA ."'Try it ten days. If saisfied pat
R nl Ru u e s and re g l an t s
9 RPe n e ca se504 no money.
PitWMONT Ctfr.ERYC C "4G
(1saylor Ave. vaoI .h