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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, March 20, 1877, Image 1

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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION.] WINNSBORO, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 20, 1877. [VOL.1. NO. 21.
NEW ADVER1TISEMEN'T'S.
f2 FANVY CARDS,16 styles with
name, 10ots. post paid. J. B.
RUSTED, Nassau, Rens. Co., N. Y.
TRIFLING
With a Cold is Always Dangerous.
USE
VELLS' Carbolic Tablets,
a sure remedy for Coughs, and all Dis.
eases of the Throat, Lungs, Chest and
Mucous Monbrane.
I'UT UP ONLY IN BLUE BOXES.
Sold by all Druggists.
C. N. (nixTTENToN, 7 Sixth Avenue, N. Y.
$ 00 1 a month. AoUENTs W1ANTEn)
ou* TaME ouREAT $2
noons. The Stol'y oS' Claticy
RlSs, a full account of this great niys
tory written by his Father, boats Robin
son Crusoe in thrilling interest. The
Illustrated InANI).OOK to all iELIoloNS, a
complete account of all denominations
and sects. 300 Illustrations. Also the
ladies' medical guide, by Dr. Paneoast.
() Illustrations. These books sell at
sight. Male and female agents coin
money on them. Particulars free. Jopies
by mail $2 each. JOHN E. POTTRi & Co.
Philadelphia.
A L UCR A T i vE
BUS INESS.
AM- We want 50 I more first-class Sew
ing Machine Agents, and 5,u) men of
energy and ability to learn the business
of selling Sewing \lachines. Compensa
tion liberal, but varying nceordin to
ability, char:aeter and qualitiaetions of the
Agent. For particulars, Address
Wilson Swuing 1achlinat Co.
CiueAo.
827 & 829 Broadway, New York, or New
Orleans, La.
A HOME AND FARM
OF YOUR OWN,
On the line of a great railroad with good
markets both East West.
Now is thl 'I'Ill( to S cure it.
Mild Climate, Fertile Soil, best Country
for Stock Raising in the United States.
Books, Maps, full information, also,
"TiE PIONEER"
Sent free to a'l parts of the world.
Address. O . 'g'. Davg ,
Land Con. U. P. I. It.
. OMAHA, NEll.
Wonderful Success Jr 25,5000
OF THE
CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION
DESCitIBED AND ILLUSTRATF.D,
Sold in I'0 days It being the only
complete low-price work (770 pages only
$2.5i, treating of the o. tire hitlor , grand
buildings, wonderful exhibits.curiosities,
great days, etc. ; illustrated, and $ ' cheap.
er than any other; evers body wants it.
One new agent cleared $;5:) in 4 weeks.
3,0E;0 agents wanted. Send quic ly for
proof of abov !, opinions ojoficials,clergy,
and press, sa )pli panes, lull description,
and our extra terms.
I HUnnAr Bnos., Puns., 733 Sansom St.,
Phil., Pa.
Caution. Beware of falsely claimed
official and worthless boo, s. Send for
proof.
n Gold Jewel
ry combina.
.:nn out. Con
-isting of elc.
a t w a t c I.
rain, ladies.
inn )s)om
..olk and Oar
tnset sp)iral studs, collar button,
heavy plain wedding ring, and gents'
Parisian diamond pin. The abovo articles
sent, post-paid, foi' 50 ets, have ben re
tailed for$6. Bankrupt stock and must
bo" sold. Solid . II ton Gold Watches,
$10 eh, for . lpcuiltive . pr
poses, goo d timers, equal intappearaine
to a $200 g eni ine gold. "l'is repuntion
for honesty, fair dealing andlibera'ity is
uinejtaled bIy any advortier in thi e
city. '-KNew Vork Day Book, Dec. 10, 1876
Postage stamps taken as cash.
F. STOCKMAN, 27 Bond St.,N - Y.
J. OLENDINING,
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer,
WINNS4BORO, S. 0.
THlE uinder'ilgned re
spectfully announces to the
U~ ~ citizens of Fairfield that lhe
has removed his Boot and
f$hoo Manufactory to one door belowv Mr.
C. Muller's. I am prepared to muanufacturc
ill styles of work in a substantial and
orkmanlike manner, out of tho very best
materials, and at prices fully as low as the
same gooda can be manufactured for at the
North or elsewhere. I keep constantly on
hand a good Stock of Solo and Uppez
Leather, Shoe Findings &c., whiich will be
sold at reasonable prices. Repairing
promptly attended to. Terms strictly Cash.
$!EP Dried Hides bought.
oct 12 J. CLENINING,
Mit. Zion institute.
THlE patronage of the olizens
of Fair~eld is earnestly solicited
for this tiuge hon'ored School.
TruM, PATA1I .OND HAM QUARTERIT IN
ADVANOE:
1st Grade pet Qh'arter of 1O weeke, $18 00
2nd ", "~ "4 "~ " ' " 200
Primary " , < , * J(I (HI
A fow pupils *ill be received as bor k&a.
in Lhe fatnly of the Principal, on ret sons
bie terms,
.W. M. DWIGHT,
sa4 ~ rineih.t
LADD BROS.
WE have now Completod one of
the best stocks of
DRY GOODS,
BOOTS itnid SHOES,
HATS and CAPS,
YANKEE NOTIONS,
CROCKERY, &c.
IN THE COUNTY.
We will not be undersold. Let te
say, however, that our best
Calicoes are 10 cents a
yard. We cannot
sell them lower
and have a
uniform profit on all Goods.
GIVE US A CALL.
TO OUR (00O1.0fl D Fll lENDS
As you have aways put confi
denco in us, wO will state that yot
may depend on getting goods at s
regular oven price.
-No baits held out to any one.
nov 30.
]3AR-AJ2 JSs!
Bargaills! Barills!
-GREAT-~
IEI)UCTION IN
E ICEs.
EXTRA INDUCEMENTS OF
FERED FOR THE
CASH !
Eoffer our Stock of Winter Goodi
at greatly reduced prices for the
-CASH.-.
Wo will receive in a few days a lot o
SPRING GOODS
which can ho bought V'..R I
We would call the attention of planteri
to our Stock of
PLANTATION HARDWARE
onsisting~ of Iron, Steel, Plows, lBellows
Nails, &c., &c., which we oJder
LOW DOWN.
McMaster & Brie.
N B.-Spoecial attention to Gonts' fur
nishing goods.
fob 17
New Fainily Grocery.
lHE undersigned dlesires to inform hii
friends and thei public that ho can bi
found on the east side of Congress stree
with a fresh Stock of
FAMILY GROCERIES,
Viz :Meal, Grist, Flour, iUncon, Sugars
Coffees, Trens, Crackers, Ginger
Jiread,Sida, Spices,
oto., etc.
Oranges, Apples,'Candles, &c., all freal
and cheap,
TOR CASH ONLY.
~ J E; dATiUCAIIT,
Opposite .f. II. Oathcart's ol 1B ta nd.
IMPORTANT
-TO
&r - I . 'E "r3M . s
-AND
AGRICULTURISTS !
-O
Emperor WillIam Cabbage,
RIE beat, largest, hardiest and most
p...L rofitable variety of WTEIrrn CnnAG.
known in Europe, and imported to this
oountry exclusively by the underdigno ,
where, with little cultivation, it ilour.
ises astonishingly, attainmng an -nor.
1oussize, and selling in1 the muorket at
prices tost gratifying to the producer.
in transplalnting, great care should be
used to give snticient spaoo for growth.
Solid heads the size ofthe mouth of a flour
barrel is the average run of this choice
variet . One package if the seed sent
post paid on receipt of 50 cents, and one
3 cent postage stam01p. Three packages to
one adlrcss Si 1 0and two 3 cent stamps.
Twelve packages sent on receipt of $3 00.
T- Read what a well known Garrett
Co. Marylander says of tho E: .uEnon WI.
i.AM Cabbage:
Br.oosur1ToN, GannE-r Co.,
Md., Jan. -:2, 1877.
'MR. .TA 1Es CAMrm-.LL, GG Fulton St. N. Y.
1)enrSir:--1 bought some seed from you
last sl.ring, and it was good. Your Em
peror William Cabbage suits this climate
well. On a mountain side the seed you
sent me produced Cabbages weighing
thirty pounds each.
Very truly yours,
JASIES DRliOWN.
.ra' I am Solo Agent in the U. S. foi
the famous
1aidstone Onion Seed
from Maidstono. Kent Co., England, pro
ducing the most producing the most
prolific andi finest flavored Unions known
a1ndh yielding on suitable soils from 800 to
960 usl'helN per nero, sown in drills.
Mr. Henry Colvin. a large narket garden.
er at Syracuse. N. V:, writ.- "Ye-111ny
Enighi~l On ion Sexed surprised mae by its
large yield, :and the delicious flavor of the
fruit. I could I V soldi any qantity ir
this mar -et at good prices. 'My wife says
she will have no other onions for the table
in futore. Send me as much as you can
for the0 enl~oNed $3.00"
One package of seed sent on receipt
of 50 cens and one 3 cent postage stamnp,
three pact. ages to one address .$1 001( an.1
two 3 cent stamps. Twelte'i packages sent
on receipt of $3 00.
\.y supply i. limited. Parties desiring
to seeure eithuer of the above rare seeds,
should not delay their orders All seed
WARRANTEDn1 FaII:s11 AND TO OEnMINATE.
Cash muui-t a-company all orders. For
either of the above seeds. aiddress
JAMES CAMPBELL,
mar 1-xl (ha GG Fulton St., N. Y.
1F7.EEPS constantly or hand a full sup
ply of Choice FAMILY GROCE"RIES and
PL ANTATION SUPPLIES. Itis stock has
recently been ret denlshed, and he is now
ready to supply the wanis of all.
oct12
To thei (itizens ef' Vairflold.
IPF you want a puro and unfacdulterated
-artice of Liquors for medicinal or
famnily p~urposes call at the Centennial
To the Farmn r.q anrl Plalit eras of
Fyou want any Liquori' for your Ia
boor or lantationl putrposes, call at
tho Centennial Bar, waere you can bya
bottom prices for b y a
-CASH.
F. W, lTlBENICHlT,
fob :22 F.raprietor.
S3IAVING SAL~OON.
r IllE uderignedl takes this o~1the6 of
...i~fiin th'o pubHio thaE:h6" has
opoed( a having and Itair-Ouettig
$aloon in the rooto two doors west oftioh
post-nillee, where he will talte p1gasure in
serving all those who' may,' favor '1im
with a call.' ',Eyorthinglin his line'dbbe
in the latent and meat fsinhaaea
TI{E GREAT STAPLE.
THE COTTON PLANTER'S OUTLOOK
The Crop of the P st t .vo Years--What
to Expect this ictr--Good Advice to
Farmers.
The cotton crop of 1875 was
4,669,000 bales. On the 1st of Jan
uary last the crop of 1876 was esti
mated by the knowing ones to be at
least 300,000 bales less than the
crop of 1875. During January
theio was a short receipt which
seemed to confirm their view, and
cotton stiffened a little in price. But
in February there were 41,000 balos
more forwarded to our ports than in
January, and hence the reckoners
tell us that that in all probability
the crop of 1876 will prove fully as
large, if not larger than that of 1875.
From September 1, 1875, to
Febi uary 28, 1876, there were for
warded 3,405,000 bales. From 1st
September, 1876, to February 28,
1877, there were received at our
ports 3,491,000 bales. During
March, 1876, 352,000 bales were
received. Were we called upon to
"guess" from these data, we would
say the crop of 1876 would exceed
that of 1875. How much of it will
reach manufacturers before Septem
ber 1, 1877, no one can now fore,
tell.
We all know that for tie past
three years cotton has been gradu
ally declining in price, whilst the
manufacture of cotton goods and
the production of cotton has been
steadily on the increase. During
the past year the manufacturers had
a surfeit of stock on hand, and
all kinds of cotton goods were very
low in price. Factories reported
heavy losses because they had
bought cotton on a declining mar
ket, and, with a heavy supply on
hand, were compelled to manifac.
ture for a still falling market. All
this condition of things, however,
has changed, for this accumulated
stock of goods has been disposed of,
both in the European and American
manufactories, whether at a loss or
a profit it is not our purpose now to
venture an opinion, and doubtless
most of them have been constuined
one way and another, so that the
manufacturers enter upon a new
year with their shelves empty, the
supply small, the demand good,
cotton low, and cotton goods ad..
vatnemg mn price.
If there be no war in Europe this
year, which the sages tell us .there
will and there will not be, and if our
Presidential muddle, which appears
to have been settled for the next
four years, gives us no trouble. it
seems clear to us that the cotton
manufacturers may anticipate a
prosperous year.
Can we say the same for the cotton
planter ?
Obse v.tion, judgment and expe
rience teach us it is not a matter of
vital concern to the individual
planter whether the crop is four, five,
six or' ton milliops~ of bales. If there
is a large crop, cotton will doubtleais
be low, and each planter will rece vs
less for his crop. But if he is out of
debt he will find that his money will
buy as many necessaries as the
greater amount would, wvhich hie
wvould realize by selling his cotton
at a higher price in consequence of
the general crop being small. If
the general crop is small cotton goes
up, and everything that the farmer
saould feel comipelled to buy goes
up with it, and hence he is lhttle
better off..
But it does concern the individual
planter wvhether he is growing a
large crop of cotton to the exclu
sion of everything else, The cotton
crop should be taxed for the neces
sary supplies that cannot be grown
at home, Jor schools, church pur
poses and the annual taxes, and
the residue should be a net surplus
for investment.
Are the farmers pitching the pres
ent crop with this idea in -their
minds ? Have they sown wheat
enough to secure them their bread ?
Will they buy molasses next year,
or are they going t~o plant sorghum
and imake their own syrup, and save
seed and fodder enough to winter
their stock hogs and dry 'cattle
upon ? Have they sown at least
five acres of oats to the mule so
that should they fall in a corn erop
they will not* be obliged to cut
tivate this and the- next crop on
botight con hc ssure to make
poor mulesidsec onte a plat
laid off upon. Which to plant pea. to
make- hay enough to winfer his
milch cows tikt witer, and by this
means make his -own butter anul
drink his own milhi? ' '
Or has each onebgefek~ W
roun upthiose. beautiful Oo top
ad.adto aanaa a mn
those balcs 1 o will roll out next
Fall I Fu an himself is not icre dcedp
tive than a prospective cotton crop.
We say, then, beware of it. Cotton
will doubtless bring a good price
next Fall, but this will avail you
nothing, if you have to exchange it
for all other nocossarios, 'which will
be equally as high priced. --News
and cou'ier.
The Mormon and His Wives.
"Among the gentiles," asked a re
porter of a Mormon in Silt Like
City, "oven one wifo is often roe iri
ed as an expensive luxury, H.>w is
it that among the Mormons a poor
wan is able to support several wives?"
"Oh, that is easy to explain. A
man who joins the Mormons gener
ally makes money by it. Let us
supposo a icase. Say a European
po:sa.nt comes over here with his
wife, having been induced to join
the Mormons in Utah. Ho i;nueli
ately t.akes possession of 160 acres of
good land under the law of Con
gress. Now, this is a groat thing
for a man who has probably neter
owned a foot of ground before. The
land out there, you must remember,
is very good. The soil is rich and
deep, and the rain. fall has increased,
I suppose, about one hundred per
cent. in the last fifteen years. Still,
the land has to be irrigated to some
extent. Well, the man goes to work
and puts upi a little hut made of
slabs or logs and mud; Then h, gets
a cow, raises crops, and pulls through
the first year. He may h tvo brdight
over a peasant girl to work for him
at say $2 or $3 a week. He sees
that he can just as well marry thq
girl and save the iwages he would
othorwio have to' jay her. He 1i.rs
a baby after a while, and the
next year he puts this now ,wife of
his with her baby, upon another lp~
acres of land. Perhaps he hais boen
smart enough to build his hut just
on the boundary of the farms, so
that by putting up an extension the
new 'family' can live in the same
house and got on another farm,
Then as he extends his domain, he
will marry more wives, and each of
his additional children he puts upon
another 160 acres, Now, you know,
after the settler has occupied a farm
for five years, built upon and work-,
ad it, he gets a full title to the
property from.the Federal Govern
ment. Each of his wives, after he
has lived on another 160 aero3 for
the same time, can swear o ut a clear
title as 'head of a family,' This has
always been done, and is done still.
And thus the head of the concern,
who cane into the country a poor
peasant, often becomes a regular
patroon, living in ease, in the centre.
of his domain, while his wives and
their children go on increasing thQir
numbers and his wealth 'Now ydn
know just lion it is done."
Fashion Notes.
Now galloons are from one to
three inches wide, and are in flower
designs, showing. ,tWyo ox three ,"
colors. They are of silk for silk
suits, and of mixed diflf'and wool foa''
wvoolen dresses,' '1hey; eost fr'oi"
seventy-five coiats to $2.501 a yard.
For trimmuing wvaal1 drgsans &we ,
bands of wvhit~e muslin wrought in,
Greek and .Smyrnaf~itteihs min
bhuo or scarlet, or .elseWith heavy
scallops of color.' .'he' 'ambut#
embroideries are no, .shown in
thick work as well asjp' the ope~
patterns so long id ii..LE~z&d
The fringes just imported are as
elegant as lace, and qiute 'as expen
sive, some of them b6lhg'& 1.igh as'
$8 a yard. The nettediheading sis,
as broad as the drooping 1frigg, And''
there are "flies" or d ble $ppsels,, of
crimped silk caught irow'ghtgg
of tassels, and these 'are aspeeially .
liked in rich silk for triraming silk
wraps. For the. awoolen Dolnrms ,
that will bb worn in the spring in
gray and brown 'shades are' wool64
fringes to match, in pries begin
nling as low as sixty cents ayarth and.'
extending up t~o $1.20. Theseo wdl.i
be considered moroappropi'iate than
the more expensive si1k fringas for' hI
wool garment.
Morning jackets for. dressing zor ~"
for breakfast ar pi .$wIlled wqol)., ~
and of flannels of pajo or of dArk
shades of blue, rose oi- dardinali, imnd':
are ermbroiderod lightly -with' #hite
flosu. They are reade with * deep"
sailor collar, apa tire sli~htly sloped. z
in with the *1gure. Opera.,Aannels ,*
are also ttsed for -this purpose, .afia
are trimmed with *pinked1 batids*le"t
with bi~ ande piped ,or oor4dd'I
wiU49whi. These wem op4 unr,
maude withe ermnbioidery s omn
point Russe and'dani doa butoshai' l
'or those who do not' use n
ww&. ha ihenalaia *nnmaaa

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