Newspaper Page Text
WINNSORO, S. C.
Tuesday, March 20, : l : 1877.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. 8. REYNOLDS, Associate Editor.
Mrs. Mary Cosgrove of Now York
sued a railroad company for damages
for killing her husband, and the
courts decided that a husband is
worth just four thousand :dollars.
A good many wives in South Caroli
na would sell out in a minute at that
Governor Hampton is organizing
his State constabulary under Col.
Win. Butler, of Edgefield, who during
the war commanded the first regi
ment of State Rogulars. About fifty
picked men have been enrolled. This
force will make things lively for
Chamberlain's men of buckramif the
pretender wishes a fight after the
troops are removed from the State
Judge Stanley Matthews is a
brothe.in-law of Hayes. He has
been nominated by the Republican
Legislative caucus to succeed John
Sherman, of Ohio, and will be the
administration leader in the Senate.
This, taken in connection with his
letters to Chamberlain and Packard,
asking those worthies to withdraw
their pretensions, has caused the
cold chills of despondency to creep
down the backs of the carpet-,bag,
The special committee of the
House of Representatives of Rhode
Land has reported to that body a
resolution in favor of ongrafting an
amendment on the State constitu
tion, granting to widows and un
married women, who are taxed, the
right of suffrage. There is some
reason in this this, in accordance
with the principle that there should
he no representation without taxa
tion. Women's rights find every
year an increatsing number of advo
entes, and if the dear creatures will
only wait long enough they will
have justice accorded them. It may
oc a million years c.f, but that it
will comeit is cet 1tainl.
lada;ne ()ct avia Vdt1t on Let t ,
well known in literarv and so'ial
circles, died recent ly near Auutai.
GIa., at the residence of her daught er.
I' She was a descendant of a signer of
the declaration of independence.
She suggested the namne Tallahassee
for the capital of Florida. When
quite young, she attended the de
bates in Congress, and took re
if ports of th~e speeches of Clay.
Calhoun, Webster, McDuifie and
Preston, which were so accurate
that these orators referred to themi
themselves. Her book, "Souvenirs of
Travel," in Europe wtas euggeste.1 by
Lamartine. She was an intinmate
friend of WVashington Irving, and, of
F course, knew LaFayette. A native
of Georgia, Mdme. Levert was one
of the few Southern ladies who have
shone conspicuously in the upper
crust of the literary world.
Increase of ?aupersm.
The proposed addition to the
county poor house by the county
commissioners tells it own story.
Heretofore the accomnodations for
Paupers seeking admittatnce have
been ample, for while Fairfld ouf
ferred so heavily by the war that she
possesses but a small share of her
former wealth, the number of indi
I' gents has not been large. Since
the panic of 1873, however, the peo
pie have become poorer and poorer.
Last: year, owing to the small crop
and smallur price of cotton, and the
political disturbances, there was
great financial depression. The
stringetiey -still continues in a
- faarked degree, and although the
eolored people are the greatest
sufferers all classes are embarrassed.
The increasing number of paupers
hiave ben areful indispensing am
hereto&)of, It becoe them to be
especiatyeiroumspeet at the present
time, in ordew that no undeserving
aPPlie tva ' received. It
pleasing-feature that-4hisr -increased
pauperism has not yet 'produced any
porceptible incroaso of crime. How
long we Can congratulate ourselves
upon this cannot be foretold. One
cbock'to this stdalinp has been the
prompt justice that has boon metod
out to the criminals by the court.
In this conhoction a suggestion
to the county authorities will not be
amiss. The expense of dieting pris
onors (a largo number of whom aro
vagrants and paupers) in the county
jail roaches annually over two thous
and dollars, while these vagabonds
load a life of absolute idleness while
awaiting court or undergoing son
tonce. The commissioners, if it is
not contrary to law, should procure
a penal farm, to be placed in charge
of the sheriff, and the prisoners
should bo made to labor on it so as
to support themselves and remove
this expense from the taxpayers.
The amount thus saved would be
ample to maintain any additional
paupers that might be sent to the
In answer to the objoections that
might be raised, that som1e p1arties
incarcerated are innocent, and it
would be unjust to subject them to
penal labor, it might be provided
that if any person, after having
woikod on the farm, shall be
acquitted in court, the county shall
remunerate him for his labor and
thus give him something to start
Groat reforms are needed in the
penal and charitable system of the
State, and the one just proposed,
while sinple, would be found effee
tive. Conviction will have more
terrors for the lazy vagabond than
it now has if he knows that he will
have to work for his living. We
call the attention of the authorities
to this matter.
One night last week, a white mn1
from Worcester, Mass., acconp..hi. d
by a negro servant., got. on the night
passel'er train of the C. C. & A. It.
R., at Columbia on the way to Aiken.
The man at once went in swich of
Conductor Clarkson. and uipon find
ing him, desired to know if he could
engage a sleeping bert h. The con
hwrto repijed that lie could. The
mvan tit ii told tI cenuht r that lie
w ished' i? havet .h:s neg;ro) iend11
'dlaoti.'I C'.:lu:kst 1n didn't. rehshl thLe
ideca of hsaing a negr o in t he ke
ong calr, anid of coumse refused to
allow it. B th went on to Aiken
without their desired repose.
The other hers of Coaumodo: e
Vandeorbilt recently gave notice to
Williamn H Vanderbilt, to wvhom the
bulk of the estate waIs lef t, that the
will would be coir tested. A startling
array of legal talent wvas presented1
at the snrrogate's court on the day
apitdfor propounmding the wilt.
m .Evarts and ex Judge Conr
stock representedl the preponen ts,
Henry L. Clinton the executors.
Jeremiah Black. Scott Lord and
Ethan Allen for Cornelius Vander
bilt, Judge Stanley M itthewvs, David
Dudley Filid and Dudlev Field for
Mrs. Allen, and Col. W'mgato and
Mr. Tenny for Mrs. Lal~au. When
the case was called, each contestant
in or-der withdrewv the eobjections,
and a general handshaking ensued
all round, much to the disgus tof
hundreds of spectators who had
thronged the court-room. The par
ties concerned were reticent as to the
causes of the abandonment of the
suit, but it is thought that William
hias sliced off about ten ot the seven
ty-five millions loft him, and divided it
among his hungry kinsmen.
On Fridiy, at Aikon, four colored
men, Nelson Brown, Lucius Thomas.
Dennis, were hanged by the sheriff1
in the presence of five thousand
persone. On the second of last
November they murdered two
Germans, Haussmnann and Port man,
robbed their house and burnt it
together with the bodies of the dead
men. Being apprehended, they
wore convicted in January by a col
ored jury. They also confessed
the murder of a white mani naraed
Levine, the burning of an Aike n
church, and other crimes. On the
gallows they made addressos to the
erowd, and one desired the son of!
is former owner to staind by him
until the drop fell. Anotheor 'negro
named Anderson, convicted and
sentenced fnr the same crime, has
been reprieved for thirty days by,
Governor Hampton, in oeo uence
of the alleged discovery of testhmony
which will acquit hiana In this mat
ter Judge Wiggin recognized Govy
ernor Hampton by directing the
clerk of court to forward to hima the
applicatiojor the EmiQm~p,
SUGAR CURED CANVASSED HI
FRESH COVE OYSTERS.......
G A RD E
Q P .?. '.T '
.4 I aL. T- 3.
-F o i
'To-day the zmyaign's fairly elcsed,
Thei lucky man is he
Who takes his a:t on the 4th of March
Our President he'll bo:
And now the next best thing
Just suited to our mind,
Is where to get the cheapest goods
The bebt of goods to find.
My friends and I went out one day,
Some .New Sprming (loeOin to buy;
And we resolved,be~fore wo went,
The different stores to try.
Weo wandered Winnsboro all around
Until our feet were sore,
And found the very place, at last.
T'was SOL. WOLFE'S New Carsh Store.
Of Hats, Clothing and Boots and ShOes,
The latest to our view
The very best styles of Dress Goods,
And Prinlt so c'heap and new.
So then, my good friends, one and all,
N4ow is your time to try
What Bargains you can get of mo
Or, you need not buy of SQL.
HEnnderaigned1 informs the citizens
of Wininsbero and the county generally,
that h~e has opened a Tailoring Establish
meat in the store next to Mr. ,T. Clendin
ing's. Ie Is prepared to do all kinds of
work in his line at short notice and on
reasonable terms. A full line of samples
kept ennstantly on hand, from 'whioh
ousttmers may make selections. Special
attention niven to CmTIIIIn
ER & coa
LMS............15 cents per pound.
...................20 cents per can.
... ..............20 cents per can.
...................20 cents per can.
-A-WtIE: '' xI3 3,
SUGAR OF ALL GRADES,
' ] 1 3 -F9
E p T.T TS
1)EOS to inform the citizens of Winns
boro0 nnd the p~ublic in general, that he
has on hand the largest and best selheted
WESTERN R YE, and N. C. CORN,
Brown Porter. Cream Ale, and Cockney's
DelightI, Aif and '.ilf. Smoking and Chew
J. C. SEEGERIS' Palo Beer always fresh
IA lot of patent ALARM CANDLES,
suitable for family use.
C'ALL AND SEE TilEM.
Has removed to the store next to Franeis
*TA TC(Es, C leern'Jewelry re.
~Vpaired, and rat isfaction guaranteed
to ever~ bodly.
.Those indebted to me for work on
JwrywIl please pay at once, for
Hampton is I lectdd,
I OHARLES MULLER.
.A dmnifstrat or's Hale.
B '"' "uhri? o ".. Thompson, Esq.,
.LJudge of 1 rbato for Fairfield County
Iwill o r for sale at publie, outcry on
the 3rd day, of A pril, 1877, at the resi
dence of Misas E. Dawkins, in Fairfild
county, all the personal Pro rt'belon
ing to the estate of Wma. auInus, e
ceased, lato of said county. Terms cash.
8. M. DAWKINS,
niar 13 Administrator.
ET ou o rni oea
U. S. Internal Revenue
May 1, 1877, to April 30, 1I8.
SISE Revised Statutes of the Unitcd
I States, Sections 3232, 3237, 31238 and
3209, require every person engaged in any
bUsiness, avocation, or exployniont which
renders him liable to a SPECIAL TAX,
To Procure asid place Con
%3pIciously ina btI ENiIahIDIi
ui1 enit or plaice of IhusNihaCiN
a STAMP denoting the payment of said
SPECIAL TAX for the speoial Tax Year
beginning May 1, 1877, before con mono
ing or contilnuingbusiness after April 30,
A return, as prescribed on Form 11, is
also required by law of every person lia
Ll to Special Tax, as above.
THE TAXES EMBRACED WITHIN THE PnOVISIONS
OF TIE LAW AnOVE QUOTED ARE TILE FOL
Rectifiers, $200 00
Dealers, retail liquor, 75 00
Dealers, wholesale liquor, 100 00
Dealers in malt liquors, wholesale, 50 00
Dealers in malt liquors, retail, 20 110
Dealers in leaf tobacco, 25 00
Ietail dealers in leaf tobacco, 501 00
And on salo' of over $1,000, fifty
cents for every dollar in excess
Dealers in yr anufnetured tobacco, 5 00
Monufucturers of stills, 50 00
And for each still man ufactured, 20 00
And for each worm manufactured, 2 ' 01
Manufacturers of tobacco, 10 00
Manuficturers of eigars, 10 oJ
Peddlers oft obacco, first class (more
than two i horses or other animals), 50 00
Peddlers of tobacco, second class,
(two horses or other animals), 25 00
Peddlers of tobacco, third c!aas,
(one horse or other animal), 15 00
Peddlers of tobacco, fourth class,
(on foot or jnlie conveyance), 10 00
Brewers of less than 501) barrelr, 50 00
Brewers of 500 barrels or more, 100 00
Any perion so liable who shall fail to
con ply with the foregoing requirements.
will be subject to sever- penalties.
Persons or firms liable to pay any of
the Special Taxes named above must
apply to L CASS a"ARPENTER, Collector
of Internal Revenue at Columbia, anl
pay for and procure the Special Tax
Sta:np or Stamps they need, prior to May
1, 1877, and WIJIOUT FURTHER
?lpeeial Tax Stamps will be transmitted
by mail only on receipt from the person
or firm ordering the same of specific
directions so to do, together with the
necessary postage stamnps or the anount
required to pay the postage. The l-ostage
on one stamp is three cents and on two
stamps is six cents. It is is desired that
thoe be tralnsmitted by registered mail,
ten cents a' ditiona.l should accompany
GR EEN B. RAUM,
Conmmaissioner of Internal Revenuo.
Orri E OF IN'ERNAL. REVENUE,
Washington, D. C., January 23, 1877.
1*,,. kas t, 10il.
wE CLAIM FOR THE IMPROVRD
,The following specific points of supe
I-Great tuinphicIty in Cont
.8-Exceedingly Lighat Rusa
4-.Still Runaning. NoiseleNU.
a-erfrnauis all Varieties of
6--Beauuly of Finsisha and
'7--GtE~AT REDUCTION IN
Single Machines sent en orders direct
from the Factory, written guarantee with
WHlY PAY OLD PRICES!
.feSend for cireulars and particulars.
Thme Winitney Mhf'g. Co.,
feb 17 Paterraon, N. J.
A/.full stock ef Plain and Faney 0 o
eeries, which will be sold at 1o% .-i prios
for the Cas~h.
A fine stock of liquors, sneh as
W.INES in great variety,
The patronage. of the publio is ,agioi.