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TRI-WE ttX(LY h1?ITIOIT.] WVINNSBOR0OaS..0.,.SATURDAY MOR1NING, APRIL 7, 1877. [U L1 N.9
NEW % AI)V'EWI'ISEMiEN I'S.
HuMILI), Nassanu, RI us'. Co., N~. Y.
f You will agree to distribute om oo f
*Olt cireulftra, we Will -Auudti you a
(uURiOO IN (LILT FII I, I~Ii it 16 In~go
61 columin illustrttcl paper, free for
11101t'IS. Ifllo.O 1 If pe1t:; L" t Pty j)O1)tft!~.
Agoii'si waiito~i. KENDALL .1 CO.. 1o.s,
toll, Ill is.
Witli a Cold is~ Alwvays Dangerous,
WE L 'Carbit l i, TI'bltets,
It sure remeudy for Coughs, and i ll Dis
eases of the Throat. JIuj1s, Ches~t .ui4
PULT Cl' ONLY IN B5LUES BOXESJ.
Sold by till Druggists.
C. N. CHIITI E'~oN, 7 Sh Aven~xue, N. Y.
A HOME AND FARM
OF YOUR OWN,
On the line of a great ratillonel with good
mnarketsi both ]nalt West.
Now is thn' TIi ini h .S curd'e~
Mild Climate, Fortil' Scil, pos't ('ountry
for Stock liaisin~g in the Uniit(ed Statrs.
Books, Maps, full ii~eorO&&ioJI, ahlo,
"t1' lE P:ONE1I":t
Sent free to a'1 pnarts of the world.
Laii4l Coin. U. 1'. It. It.
OMAhA', NE 13.
TAKEWoril. It crottalnls
ga du poll, to t 6.1o. 0 of t"..lio),o .1 walry. Cumoptoto
*0)))1ll 1).0 o O.irl; " Iii~it I1.'III 1)11 of RIegivO builtolsadw1nsftho~bu c~t i 11l1o~"p~.
0)1)1 25os t.Ia.)o tI ark a',.) with ae.nr try,
9I .OtI tl.I /t t Let,.r I)*o t froh, tut, 1) m, ))O tI.
SI .2IDi t& CO., 70D Orcindwuy, N. Y.
articleg In ono0 'fhol..Oy.I (( (Il.I AT:ON. ('n be
- 0)01 wt a r.vt.) l' h .I)I l)),er.n 1 '- Pn, 3'r.)'.r. l'eik'Ifo.
ThreadI C0!tor. Ii l f:r 1l)I)))III): $0806. (~tl1).z ciri
(look.il F%,(.!?e, ,Ttltoo. -:11.Iflg Mute) . Ae ti t:" of
u 1fntlmo. Agwit-s are 'oluIln) mou~1es mil 5(1y t Ils the
beet soilIng )r)I~r 0 0ut. Salop1) 2o ate.5 t)I for
t$ (. * Exr ))iulnlrv I'i)I)),'C)00)m. t,= A u:n. 801).1 for
BR!Ds 4 C?~. 70 6'oadwiv, r.. V.
STATIO'4:ItY r.tC:;Arta'. nold
' 1'UNfar T 0 DOLLARS.
,S3709 Drogjcwalr, N. Y,
A full sties of Plniii and I anr.-v '.Cro
aeries, whlich wiji be aol.d Jit sLou.. _ t price
f'or the Clash,
A fine stook of li6.juors, sluch m
S W HISJU Y.
W~INES ill groat varioty,
SPRING HAS COE
AND WIT1 IT
A BEAUTIFUL LINE CF
IADIJS' AND GENTS'
D ANN E E RQ6I
CALL AND SEE THEX
And bring your change with you.
('urheantiful Centonui al Stripes, at I
one yard wide.
CALICOS 'A1OiD PRICES,
IN GREAT VARIETY.
A beautiful assortment of Gents' Pants
for s 'ring wear.
Whito Vest; of all kinds, at all prices.
Soots and Shoes
The largest stock in the Boro.
Wo kop.ooustantly on hand Mfanko-&
Stearns' Tntimore mcdei Shoes, eclh and
every pair warranted.
R. L. DANNENBERG
THE LEADER OF
-ac O W PSr i e m
SPRING AND SUMMERI
SE invite the attention of the public to
ons nw and assorted stock of spring
Spring Calicos of the beet brand~s and
Pereales andt Camibriosq at 124 cents.
White Piques froma 11.) o per yard up,
Linen Lawns, and brown diress LinonR,
Nainsonoks, Irish Inens, Towels, Pique
Laces Cotton '1 rimmings, Sheet
ing1s, Bleached ain- Brown
at priqos to suit the hart timues.
Our stook4 of GIonts' Goods is full up.
We ask special attention to our line of
Ca'uiispers, which cannot b~e surpasd in
pfice svle and quai'lity, anywh ere.
'KEEP'S colobrated partly made Shirts
on hand at $ib5 00 per dozen.
SHOES I SHOES!I SHOES!i
A full and comnplete assortment of Ahoes
always on h and. W'- have a splendid lot
of Ladies' and Gente' Fino Shoes which
we will sell Jow. and which we take
p~O~leasrO i showing,
UARDWARE ! HARDWARE I
A full lino always on hand,
31McMASTF.'R & BRICE,
Ettonger & Edinbud,
4NUAGTURIBS of Portable *uta
S paarEngins-and' )3oler' 41.
da quiSaw Alills,: G t h5iilsk
dill Geaving, SI aftingg ilIey#
pyno ra'., Awu
Emperor William Cabbage.
HE best, largest, hardiest and most
profitable variety of WINTER oADDAOE
ki own in Europe, and imported to this
country exclusively by the undersigned,
where, with little eultitation, it flour
ishes astonishingly, attaining an enor
3nous size, and selling in the market at
prices most gratifying to the producer.
In transplanting, grunt care should be
used to give sufficient space for growth
Solid heads the size of the mouth of a flour
barrel is the average run of this choice
varietv. One package of the seed sent
post paid on receipt of 50 cents, and one
3 cent postage stamp. Three packages to
one address $1 00 and two 3 cent statups.
Twelve packages sent on rpeceipt of $3 00.
.+' lead what a well lfnown Garrett
Cu. Marylander says of tho#Eupsnon WIL
IAM C abbage:
BLoOMINGTON, GaUlIET Co.,
Md., Jpn. 22, 1877.
MR. JAMES CAMPDE.., 66 F hlton St. N. Y.
Dear Sir:-1 boughtsonie seed from you
last spring, and it was good. Your Em
peror Villiam Cabbage suits this climate
well. On a mountain side the seed you
sejt me produced Cabbages weighing
thirty pounds each.
Very truly yours,
.A4 I am Sole Agent in the U. 8, for
Vlaidstone Onion Seed
from Maidstone, Kent Co., England, pro
ducing the most producin g the most
prolific and finest flavored Onions known
and yielding on suitable soils from 800 to
9I0 bushels per aore, sown in drills,
Mr. Henry Colvin, a large market garden
er at Syracuse, N. Y., writes, "Your
English gnion Seed surprised me by its
large yield, and the delicious flavor of the
fruit. I could hr ve sold any quantity ir
this inar.etat good prices, Jy wife says
she will have no other onions for the table
in future, Send me as much as you can
for the enolosed $5.00."
One package of seed sent on receipt
of 50 cents and one 3 cant postage stamp,
three packages to one address $1 001' and
two 3 cent stamps. Twelve packages sent
on receipt of $3 00.
Aly supply is limited. Parties desiring
to secure either of the above rare seeds,
should not delay their orders All seed
WARRANTED FRESH AND TO OEIIiUNATE.
Cash must accompany all orders. For
either of the above seeds, address
mwa 1-4t0m 60 Fulton St., N. Y.
THE BALL STILL ROLLS ON
rccreery & Brother
COLUMBIA, S. C,
THE success attending the disposal of
.Lour, MAGNIFICENT STOCE, which w o put
upon the market early this season at snch
low figures, convinces us that the public
appreciate our efforts to supply them 'with
the newest and most stylish goods.
Iluying as we do from the first hands
and for casu, enables us to offer
Wo are now receiving a new andelegant
SPING AND 8UM114It -
which will be sold at the same low ruling
popular prices. We expect to do a tdvE
PUSHING BUarNass, and bargaina will be
"A word to the wise is sufileient,"
.tfr Samples sent on application and
expreftsage pad onbills over $10.
Grand Central Pry Goods Establishment.
T. A. MOCEERy, B. Ii. gJCR,
B. A. ItAWILs, WM., I1OaEKAN,
Y. J. McCarl'ey
U).E08 'to eall *ttention' to 111Wnev
. Stoek tf Roqota and Shoes, all sizes
an~d styles, at unpedeentetdly low prices,
Ai eitt A O, ,
- Pi e h ZRostoes,
OhdIoen 1Ie~iof pn ~
Best ot~~'y b~ei on
TRIUMPH OF THE TELEPHONE.
.THE LATEST WONDER; IN TIlE ART
Strakosch Jxperiments in Btseinway
Hall--Philadelphija Musto Heepd Miles
away--How it is Done.
Strakosch, the Impressario, gave
a private exhibition of the wonders
of the. telephone to a select party of
friends in Steinway Hall, New
York on Saturday night. At half past
eight o'clock, communicati on was
established with Philadelphia by
means of a common MQrse instru
ment. Then the receiver was
brought forth and placed upon a
cloned grand Steinway piano. This
"receiver" is simply an arrangement
of long, narrow, hollow, closed
boxes, sixteen in number, tapering
from each end to the centre, the
end box being ahout two feet long
by three inches deep and three
inches wide, the others tapering
down to six inches long in the
cente--looking like two cones of
boxes with the apexes meeting. A
common magnet joins the two
smallest, or central boxes. The
boxes are .fastened together by
two strips of wood, with thumb
screws to tighten them at the
pleasure of the person regulating
the apparatus somewhat as a violin
ist will tune his instrument. The
"receiver" having been placed up
right, the narrow end on the closed
piano, the wires were attached to the
magnet and word was transmitted
to the player in Philadelphia to
proceed with the concert. In the
meantime, thQ enthusiastic Strakosch
was explaining in an undertone to
one of his friends the wonderful
grandeur of the new system "Why
my dear sir," said ho, "it will be an
incalculable blessing to the world.
It will be thet means of converting
society. It will eventually lessen
the long and terrible list of crimes
now upon our criminal caleudors.
Men will learn to love music, and
their baser passions will disappear.
Who over know a man dovotov4 to
music to commit murder ? We
shall soon be able to give every
family musie just as water and gas
are now received. We shall plant a
monster telephone at some point,
say at St. Louis, which is to cost
about a million of dollars and to
supply the whole of the United
States with delightful melody. Then
you can have a wire attached to a
hittle "receiver" in your house, and,
voila I you have music of the most
bewitching kind. I tell you this is
but in its infancy-yes, sir, in its
In a tow seconds the prelude to
ROME SWEET HOME
s.ounded, low and soft at first, then
louder and sweeter in tone, the
notes gradually swelling into the
quality of those of a fiageolet.
Every sound was clearly heard, and
when the last prolonged note had
ceased,there was a claipi g of hands~
almost as heartily as though some'
prima donna had been there and
had sung the grand old song. After
an interval of about a mijnute the
opening notes of the "Last flose of
Summner" were sounded. 'This air
was played somewhat quicker, and
the panses were not perfect in thme.
first ton hare, but su~denly the
higher notes of the score pealed
forth, strong, clear, pathetic, reveals
ing at once the tenderness and
delicacy of the new in~strumentL and
its power in transmitting melody in
the most delightful form. Next an'
air from Bialfe's "Bohemian Girl"
was ordered by the operator, and;
before the circuit could fairly be
completed, the opening strains of
"When other lips Mid other hearts"
wore filling the hall, This was
reindeied with faultless precision,
the highest atld the lowest notes'
being executed with special accuracy.
To use a simile, the impression was
as though a stringed orchestra was~
playing at a distance, the Staves of
bound following each other in
tgulhi-, agreeable succession.. It
must not be understood that there
*was all the tolunie, the tariety, the
gretndeur of :af orehestra, but
rathef the echo of a bdlnd stripped
of all the clashing ana extreme tor e.
There is a softness, a lasioinatin~g
2pedium in, thea notea I of the t41l4
pjpoa whihboare gg plidae.as
Abey *ro; Inexpllidble, "tankted
Daodfle" and4e variety of Sfotell ' 41
Jah pitra *oro nqt6tply i
giu,. 'dation of thosepinjI
roVktaus beaid' 'that 1inay ha
expoase* grave fears that the par.d
A most Important aeries of ex
periments followed. Taking a
magnet with two wires attached the
Professor placed it upon a pmall
circular wooden "bar,' then put
both upon the sounding board of
another piano that had been placed
tipon the stage. In a few seconds
the strains of "Old Hundred" were
heard heard all over the hall, like
the lower notep of a small organ,
gracefully re-echoing, as it were, the
sounds from Philadelphia. Anpther
order and the full chords of the
"Doxology" were plainly distia
guishablo, the chords being as per,
foot as though the performer had
been on the stage with the appara -
tus, first two, then three, four and
five, demnotstrating the wonderful
scope to which the instrument can
be adapted and the possibility of
playing some very intricate music.
This delighted the audience better
than anything that had been done
previously, Hymns were thee}
played, "God Save the Queen," the
"Conquering Hero," "We Won't go
Home Till Morning," USuwanee
River," and numerous other pleasing
airs afterwards delighted the audi
Finally Mr. Gray tested the
audience as a circuit. A common
transmitter was connected to the
battery and hold by the Professor,
who placed his forefinger against a
disk faced with zinc, shaped like the
human ear. The gentlemen then
ascended the stage and formed a
circle, one holding the wire, the
others all joining hands, and the
last one of the circle on the opposite
side, olas >ing the wrist of the Pro'
fessor. The disk was started, and
the air of "Nicodemus" was produced
through this human current, start.
ing from thei qo holding the wire
and ending at the tip of the Profes,
sor's fingers, from which the air
was omitted, clear and distinct,
Altogether it may be said that this
new instrument, when worked with
a full battery, will repest melodies
in the sweetest and softest manner,
The rehearsal was a most decided
THE THEORY OF THE TELF.PHONE
stripped as nearly as possible of
technical terms, is as follows :
Sound is the final effect :produced
on the ear by a vibration or impulse
transmitted through any elastic
medium, aerial, liquid or solid.
When a sudden blow is delivered
to the air, the impulse is propaga
ted through the air end ultimately
reaches the ear as a noise. . The
energy of the shook of propagation
determines the loudness of the noise
resulting. This can be illustrafed
by dropping a pebble into the centi-e
of a large pond of still water, Where
the pebble strikes the surface a
shock is administered. Immediately
a circular wave is developed which
extends more or less rapidly from
the point of its generation and cons
tinues to propagate itself, until it
meets with some obstruction. In
like manner a wave is propagated in
a volume of air, and is transmittedl
from particle to particle of the
atmosphere until 'it meets with
some obstruction, as in jhe case of
the water wave. It must be remerQgn.
berod that a noais the result of a
single impulse or of a gotieh of
irregular impulses upon ther i
Bound, or a musical note ,an, h
genekated only by a regular pieecg.,
sion of impulses forning W ee o
?apidly recurring waveslti -the~ air,
The rapidity of these vibrations
decides the pitch of the apt, wlln9,,
there are lens than forty yibratfone
a second, the musical" to'io ceasbe
and only a fluttering sound is heard'
If the number ex~eeed 40,000 a
second, the noise becomnes p srig,
The actual range in musie rarely
passes above 6,000 vibrations per
second, but sometimes in organ
pipes falls below fortby. The humian
oar contains a im membrane
stretched and theo vibrations it
receives from contact with vibrating
air causes the sensation of hearing.
Somuch for sound. Now for the ape
plication of electricity to transmit it.
It Is well known that, if a coil of wire
be wrapped around a bar of soft
Iron, and a cnrrent of electricity. is
passed through it, the iron yll) be
magnetized as long as the curren~
lasts, but ais soon as the edred
ceaseu the bal 'is deonarItised.'
Now, it ha~ been prove hat .i jd
bar, whille :agnatis opu~I
somewh~at in lenigth, an ae ta
du~ln the dil~c~ aodi~
a vi ont oi i t 1 elsdsdine 'me q
119 - akd4 01 readaatoPTjuf6 4 ' 4
4. t ou oof oun enitted bya
00mgae eM~ nase