Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION.] WINNS3ORO, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, A]RIL 21, 1877. [VOL.1. NO. 35.
O Ladies' Favorite Cards, all sty les,
LJ\.Jwi th namo, 100. Post paid. J. B.
IIUSTED, Nassau, Rens. Co., N. Y.
I ~ You will agree to distribute some of
ou circulars, we will send you a
IN OIl/r rBAMRE, and a 16 page
04 column illustrated paper, free for 3
months. Incloso 10 cents to pay postage.
Agents wanted. KENDALL & CO.. Bos
With a Cold is Always Dangerous.
WELLS' Carbolic Tablets,
a suro remedy for Coughs, and all Dis
eases of the Throat, Lungs, Cheat and
PUT UP ONLY IN BLUE BOXEs.
Sold by all Druggists.
C. N. CIITTENTON, 7 Sixth Avenue, N. Y.
0 O a month. AGENTS WANTED
on our THREE GREAT $2
BOOnS. The Story of Clharley
Ross, a full account of this great mys
tery written by his Father, boats Robin
son Crusoe in thrilling interest. The
Illustrated HAND-BOOK Ito all RELIGIONS, a
complete account of all denominations
and sects. 300 Illustrations. Also the
ladies' medical uid by Dr. Pppeoast,
100 Illustration ehoho books sell at
Night. Malo anui foamafo 'agents coin
money on them. Particulars free. 3opics
by mail $2 each. JonN E. POTTEn & Co.
A HOME AND FARM
OF YOUR OWN,
On the line of a groat railroad with good
markets both East West.
Now is the Time to Secure it.
Mild Climate, Fertile Soil, best Cosintry
for Stock Raising in the United States.
Books, Maps, full information, also,
Sent free to all parts of the world.
Address, O. -'. "Da-zy~ttg
Land Com. U. P. It. R.
NOTICEl. We have
Aho largosta md boss
world. It contains
IDsot fpper (g voop.- Beach, pptlor,
god". '*n" anM for o#a**Sbt o * elr. omlet.*
am faswith eo gant ntd~piaio sleeve button.
ad latdicvee' tasimlonstbtof incy set, pin and drops, post..
i t e n t pac a to sl i ntr.
BRIDE & oo., 709 Broadway, N. V..
T WtoE n one. Tho1.OYD COMBINATION. Can bt
neod am s aPoel.Pomtwldor and run, Eratser, Penknhtb.
uttef or.ctr tbbor, Sowing Machin
ThotCteantI for Hitpping Beams Cutting cIT
?looks andl Byes, liuttons. Erasing Blots, ac. 811o of a
coninn poeci, I. heavily nickel plated, and will last
It lifetime. Agonls are coining mneny nodl nay IttI. thie
best solling art e out. amto 25 cents, Six for
$I h axtruorinarytndu emoit tAn got.. 'Snd for
Rm n halr-dozcn said canvass your town.
RIDE & CO. 789 Broadway, N. Y.
STATIONERtY PACKAGES. andi
X Iof the LLOYD Co NA
.01 13 Moo d;A gOLLIY
Publishers and Printers
Can buy direct of the Manufacturer on
"Tim ANSON HARDY CUTTING MACHINES
are the best and cheapest low priced
machine mado, and have a national repu
tation for utility and durability.'-The
THEi ANsoN lARDY PAPER CUTTER is by
far the best machine which can be ob'
tained for a loss price than one hundred
dollars. It is of great strength. Those
machines have always taken the highest
stand. It is the only machine to which
is applied tile Patent Movable Cutting
Roard. Tis device has' a reputation of
itself: by it, tile cutting board can be in
stantly and aceuratel y mnoved, so that a
perfect out is Insured, This is a very im
portant point in the maclino, and one
that is possessed by no other. It greatly
reduces thle labor of preparation in work
ing the paper backwvard and lorward.
We cannot too strongly recommend the
advantages of this patent movable board.
It is worthl tile price of this maclino, and
purchasers should fully .u derst nld ho0w
highly it is to be vabted." Gec4 Motoeg
&t Cb.'s Netosyppr Reporter and. Priter's
THE ILATEST IMPROVED HARDY CARD CUT
Tza Is preneunced the most desirable
Card Cutter In the market, for the general
uses of a priting ofilee,
The well known RUoorms CAnn CUTTmn,
with my latest improvements, is still pre
forred. by many printers, and holds its
favoritism over other machines.
None genuine but those hlaving my full
address lettered in the oasting,
por Nowspapers in want of advertising
from first parties should send for my
Ii. A. 1ARDlY,
A uburndale, Mass.
I will buy of these that buy of me.
Winnsboi o 'Hotel.
THE undersigned takes pleasure In
Informing is friends and the publiQ
that ho has removed to thlat large and
eommodlous Brick Hotel, located in tile
contre of business, whlere lhe Is prep~ared
to accommodate thle publIc with elean and
well furnished rooms, and a table sup
lihed with the best that the market
He Intends to deserve AI4 hopes to
recive the publie patronage.
,Janue. 8, 1877.-if Pionrietor.
McIASTER & BRICE
WOULD call the special attention of the
Ladies to their stook of Nansooks, White
and Figured Lawns. Piques, Hamburg
Edgings,j Neck 'Rufling, Silk Ties and
Soarfs, Hosiery, Gloves &o.
will find a ftll stock of furnishing Goods
consisting of ready-made
Boots and Shoes,
Cassiiuor's, Tweeds, LinenLDriuls, &c.
We are daily receiving additions to our
Stock of Goods, and purchasors'in search
of bargains will find it to their interest to
give Us a call.
Goods are Astonishingly Cheap.
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer,
WINNSBORO, S. C.
THE undersigned re
"tplty nnounes to the
zshe of Fali-Beld glut be
las removed heis Boot and
Shoo Manuiilteky to one' dobr. belpw Mr.
C. Muller's. .w m prepared to'nsnufacture
-ll styles '( work in a substantial and
orkmant m ner, out ofthe iory bost
uateria s d iY&tpces ftlly ah 1o as the
sane g tq be ootred at the
North elee kee onstatly 'on
hand .a' goo of 8b14 and Upji6r
Leather, Shoe ndings &o., which !wihlbe
sold at reasonablb' prices., -*epiting
promptly attendpd to. Terms strictly Cash.
AD Diod Hides bought.
ect 12 J. CLENDINING.
A full stock of Plain and Fancy Gro
ceries, which will be sold at 1ov.st price
for the Cash.
A fine stock of liquors, such as
WINES in groat variety,
The patronage of the public is solici
E. 3. McCarley
BJE*S to call attentidn to his new
t.)ook of Boots and Shoes, all sizes
and atflos, at unproecdontedly low prices.
An entirely new Stock of Groceries
Sugar of all grades, Coffee, Rice, Hominy
Meal, Soap, Starch, Soda,Peopper, Tea, etc.
Fine Seed Irish Potatoes.
Choicest Brands of Flour.
Best Corn and Rye Whiskey In town.
obacco and Cigars, Molasses, Lard,
aeon, ilams, &c Lowest nmarkot prices
Bmar S IR. 1. Mo6ARtLY.
DR. A. M. HILL,
UAVING permanently lo
cated in Winnsboro, offers his
professional services to the
publie. Satisfaction guaranteed in all
dental work. jie-Offioe over Dr. Aiken's
Drug Store. ap~l 12-xt fm
W AP 'INGIPAPERf.
~4ROHANTS are requested to com
pare our prices for Paper and Paper
Bags,with those p aid elsewhere.
Jak8 MOcMASTER & 1BIC
<m~-.a~ 1XDmNwM a
Emperor William Cabbage.
T [E best, largest, hardiest and most
profitable variety of wINTEn CAlHAIE
known in Europe, and imported to this
country. exclusively by the undersigned,
where, with little cultivation, it flour
ishes astonishingly, attaiping an enor
mous size, and selling in the market at
prices most gratifying to the producer.
In transplanting, great caro should be
used to give sufficient tspabo for growth.
Solid heads the size of the mouth of a flour
barrel, is tho average run of this choice
variety, One package of'the seed sent
post paid on receipt of 50 cents, and on
3 cent postage stamp. Three packages to
one address $1 00 and two 3 cent stamps.
Twelve packages sent on receipt of $3 00.
p1re Read what a well known Garrett
Co. Marylander says of the EMPIEnou Wit.
BLooM.INGTON, GaRnET Co.,
Md., Jan. 22, 1877.
Mn. JAMES CAMI'IIELL, 66 Fulton St. N. Y.
Dear Sir:--I boughtsomec seed from you
last spring, and it was good. Your Em
peror William Cabbago suits this climate
well. On a mountain side the seed you
sent me produced Cabbages weighing
thirty pounds each.
Very truly yours,
Sim I nam Sole Agent in the U. S. fon
Maidstone Onion Seed
from Maidstone, Kent Co., England, pro
ducing the most producing the most
prolific and finest flavored Onions known
and yielding on suitable soils from 800 to
000 bushels per acre, sown in drills.
Mr. Henry Colvin, a large mirket garden
er at Syracuse, N. Y., writes, "Your
English Onion Seed surprised me by its
large yield, and the deliumous flavor of the
fruit. I could hove sold any quantity ir.
.this market at good prices. Miy wife says
she will have no other onions for the table
in future. Send me as much as you can
for the enclosed $5.00."
One package of seed sent on receipt
of 50 cents and one 3 cent postage stamp,
three packages to one address $1 00t' and
two 3 cent stamps. Twelve packages sent
on r.eceipt of $3 00.
My supply is limited. Parties desiring
to secure either of the above rare seeds,
should not delay their orders All seed
WAIRANTED FREsH AND TO GERMINATE.
Cash must accompany all orders. For
either of the above sceds, address
mar 1xtom 06 Fulton St., N. Y.
JUST IN! JUST INI
A lot of new Cassimeres from the cele
Charlottesville Wooleni Mills,
J. F. McMaster & CO.
SHOES!1 SHOES! ! SHOES !!!
WE have just received a lot et Gents'
hand and machine sowed Shoes.
Indies' anid Children's Shoes of all kinds.
We have on hand a full stock of
Prints, Blleaced and Unbleaocd Home
spuns, Drillings, Osnaburga, eto.
And all ether goods usually found in
a first class dry goods store.
We can make it to your ad vantage, to
give us a call before p urchasing olse
WHITE LEAD, OILS,
MIXED PAINTS, &c.
F sale at thme DrugSsore of
DR. W. E. AIKEN.
THE above materials are offored for sale,
as PURE AND UNADULTERATED, and
any purchaser not satisfied with thomn
can return what has -not been used, and
pay nothing for that used, if they be
otheowise than exactly as represented.
I wish the country no longer WHITn
WASIEED, but paintcd up.
THE FIELD OF ARMAGEI)DON.
ALL EURO l'E GIRDING IlIR LOINS
F"Oi A COX1-'lWCT,
The Cross and the Crescent--Moslom
and Selave--The Gold a Gate and the
Golden Rulo--All Europe Involved
The Possibijtios and the Dangers.
All Europe is trembling on the
brink of war. The firing of the first
gun will inaugurate the fiercost
struggle over known, -the result of
which cannot bo foretold. On the
one hand is Russia, the overgrown
giant, backed by Servia, Bosnia,
Montenegro and all the other Solavie
nations, representing a population
of one hundred millions of people.
On the other stands Turkey, mani.
festing unmistakable evidences of
strength and determination, and
supported by England, Austria and
Italy, with France as a friend, and
the grim eagles of Germany hover
ing in the background.
TIlE CASUs nELLI
arises from a complication of circum
stances. Ostensibly, Russia de
man(ls that the Christian subjects of
the Porto shall be permitted to ex
ercise the right of self-government,
and that the fearful atrocities comx -
imitted by the Moslem fanatics upon
helpless men and .women shall for
ever cease. In reality Russia sighs
for the goldeu gate of Constantino
pie and the fertile fiolds of Turkey.
The other powers are dragged no
cessarily into the struggle by the
almost absolute certainty that a war
between Russia and Turkey, single
handed, would result in the unifica
tion of a hundred million Sclaves, and
the establishment of an empire so
powerful as to forever destroy the
balance of power in Europe. Self
preservation impels them to uphold
the Crescent against the Cross, and
to rescue the Moslem from the grasp
of the Russian bear.
In 1856, after the termination of
the Crimean war, the
TREATY OF PARIS.
was signed. By this, among other
things, the Black Sea was "neutral
ized ;" its waters and ports wore
"formally and forever closed to
vessels of war," and Russia and
Turkey engaged "neither to con
struct nor maintain any naval or
military arsenal upon its coast." In
1870, during the Franco-Prussian
struggle, Russia notified the Powers
of her intention to annul the stipu
lations of the Treaty of Paris re
lating to the Black Sea. England,
Austria and Italy all remonstrated
but subsequently, an agreement
having been effocted between the
Czar and the Sultan, Russia gained
her point, and the Black Sea was do
neutralized. Russia recently con
tinned her aggressive movements.
The principalities of Servia and
Montenegro were induced to declare
war against the Sultan. The Turks
were victorious, but their victory
was marred by such wvholosalo atroc
ities that the sympathy of Europe
caused them to forget the articles of
the Treaty of Paris. Negotiations
were opened between the Powers to
effect a reconciliation betwveen Tur
key and her subjects, but all efforts
were unavailing. Finally, oni the
81st of March,
was agreed upon. In that protocol,
Turkey is treated as the ward of the
Powers. They notify her that cer
tains reforms must be effected, and
give full warning that they them
selves, or some of thor number,
will resort to other measures, if the
Porte fail to give its Christian sub~~
jects the rights and privileges which
thie imperial deces and the brand~
new constitution guarantee them.
Turkey refuses to accede to the
terms proposed, claiming that the
protocol violates tile Treaty of
Paris which ensured tlmie sovereignty
of the Porte, and asserting that a
solemn engagement cannot be
abolished by a protocol in which
Turkey has no share.
THlE coURSE OF RUssIA.
Russia has not taken any official
notice of Turkey's defiant vote. All
correspondents from the E'uropean
capitals, however, regard watr as
Tile New York HIerald's corres
pondent at Vienna telegraphs that
it is daily expected there that the
Czar wvill issue .a manifesto declaring
that Turkey's reply to the protocol
is an affront to the Russian people.
Prince Gortsehakoff is preparing a
circular assuring the Powers that
nussia. intends to make no con.
quests, but is moroly bout on forcing
Turkey to execute the desired re
forms in the treatmient of the Ch1ris,
tian subjects of the Sultan. His
Majesty the Czar Alexander goes to
Kisehoneff next week, the present
headquarters of the Army of the
Pruth. His arrival there will proba.
bly bo marked by the formal decla
ration of war. Of course a few
days remain for peace to flutter her
wings before dropping to tho
earth, but there is no indication of
any heavenly airs to favor her
pinions. Russia, before taking the
field, must observe several fornali,
ties. She must nus.t address a note
to the Powers, recall her embassy
from Coistntinoplo and her consuls
from all parts of the Turkish Em
pire, and put Russian subjects in
Turkey under the protection of
other embassies. This will sound
the general tocsin of war, and the
other powers will bo dragged in
Austria is resolved, if necessity
demands, to localize the war by the
armed occupation of Bosnia, in the
north of Turkey. To that end
Kaiser Francis Joseph has ordered
the mobilization of five army corps.
Parliament in England is discuss
ing the probabilities of war, and the
opposition aro making bitter attacks
upon the administration for its con
duct through the whole extent of
the complication. Franco at first
hoped to remain neutral, but it is
now feared that in spite of all her
desires to the contrary, she will be
drawn into the vast war conflict
which is now preparing on the Eu
ropean stage, the curtain of which,
in the nervous language of Victor
Hugo, is "trembling before its rise."
Germany has not spoken, but she
cannot afford to have so powerful a
neighbor near at hand. The belief
is that Bismarck will be hostile to
WHY TURIKEY IS NOT AFIRAID.
The defiant attitude of Turkey is
explained in private letters from
Constantinople. Tho Ottomans are
rendered coniidont by assurances
that Poland, the Crimea, the Cau
easus, Persia and even India will
furnish moral and material aid
against Russia in the course of the
With reference to what guarantee
Russia must have before dreaming
ofisucess in a war against Turkey, a
correspondent from fora says :
"Respecting war, opinion is divided.
That Russia will'evor be so rash as to
attack Turkey without being sure of
the neutrality of Austria and Germa
ny seems to many impossible.
Neither is it clear, especially after
Prince Bismarck's resumption of
office, how Russia can over have a
firm reliance on that neutrality. On
the other hand, no one supposes
that Turkey will begin hostilities, so
we are at a deadlock. Before tho
middle or the end of May those in
whose hands are for this moment
the destinies of mankind-tho Czar
and Prince Bismarck-can mnako up
their minds. In orrdo to occupy
tile Danube Russia must reckon with~
Germany. Tile way to Constanti..
nolo lies through Berlin. The
present position is that if war breaks.
out the result must be0 thle extension
of tile Russian empire to thme Dan
ube, tile Bosphorus, the Taurus
MXountains and the Euphrates, and
the amalgamation of $100,900,000
men of the Sclavic nation. Can
Germany or any European otatd
look on anld acquiesce in auch a
Count Von Moltko in a recent con
versation at tile Reichstag strongly
doubted that the'Russians would
gain an easy victory in the event of
war, and 14e gave great praise to the
efficiency of the Turkish soldiere.
It is lfut natural that the optirq
financial dy'stom of E~uropde is experi<,
encing a severe panic,. aind thtf tl
government scurities are: rapidly
falling. It is muchilos 108fifUlpult to
so0 tile way into tile strugglq than
the way out. -tUnder 'the ji1csont'
magnificent system to which the
science of war has boon brought,
and with all the improved appliances
for destroying hfe. It can be
soon that a general war now wvould
be one of the most horrible calamiN
ties that could possibly visit the
world. And yet it seems inevitable.
Thme earnings of the South Caro
lina Railroad (luring the year have
been $1,126,437.05. The expenses
of operating and maintaining $627,
752,64. Balance of earnings, $478,
The Rev. J. H. Stringfollow,assis
taut rector of Trinity Church, Co
lumbia, officeiates In the Episcopal
chmurchi at Chestor two Sundayd ouch