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WINNSBOUO, S. 0.
'Saturda, :April 28, 1877.
R. ?EAN DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. F. IfYNOLDS, Assooiato Editor.
We haven't'hoard much of Cham'
borlain for the past fow days. His
little scheme for capturing the
Legislature is not working as well
as it might have done.
Tho haclicals about Columbia are
not llo'king as cheerful now as they
'dil when Dennis and a corporal of
the guard wore barring the State
Houie door hgainst the TepresentaM
tives of the peop'le.
Representative -Sheppard has in
trodueed a'bill in the House to
nbolish the right of divorce. And
yet it'strikes the candid mind that a
bulldozed husband should have the
same redress iii this -State as is
accorded to lim in dthors.
Rev. 'E. J. Moynardio has ad.
-drebsed an open letter to Senator
Witherspoon of York, requosi,ing
the appointment of a day of thanks
giving and praise throughout the
'State. The suggestion is not ins
appropiiate. We have much to be
Blaine is in the same boat with
Chamberlain and Packard. Each
saw that the success of the Presi
-dent's policy would give the death
blow to his political aspirations.
Hence the former's open defiance.
Blaine will bo shelved along with
those whose w.ekod cause he
-chamnpioned. The next presidont
will be of a different stripe.
The spectacle of the Mackey nob
hanging around the State House
and sucking their paws, longingly
hoping to gain the seats they
forfeited, reminds one forcibly of
the nino more standing at the door
who all said they'd take sugar in
thor'n. They have gone it alone
and got oudhred.
Mrs. Myra Clark Gaines, after
-forty years of wearisono litigation,
has just obtained a decree from the
'United States District Coturt. There
is a prospect of her ultimate success
at no distant day, in which event
she will own a large portion of the
'city of New Orleans. As she is a
widow, a fine .Qpening presents itself
-for some onterprising young bache
-or to -make a short out to fortune.
'Theo'manner in -whic~h Lieutenant
'Governor:Simpson took possession
of the Senate reflects great credit
upon him as a presiding officer. HeI
manifested ill 'the courage and
*acuteness nocesary to ,obtaining
~complete control of that heretofore
refractory body. With him in the
<chaiir, Idublin 'Walkor resigned and
'$enator Cochran iu sympathy with
the Denmocrats, the Senate will not
be a thorn 'in the hido of the
Democracy artor all. That 'body 'is
a tie, and the presiding officer, with
.his casting vote, will be supreme.
.The Public Schools.
"With 'tho' inauguration of an hon
'est adniinistra'tion, the great promi
-nno'herdidforo accorded to purely
political questions will be given to
'other -matters. IEducation claims
'the first consideration at :the hands
of .the people. Tlutt thousands of
.'dhildren are growing up in 'igno..
.rance is a fact, staring every one in
the 'face.; and this evil, if -not speedi
'ly~ohockod, willkob a frafitful source
of.urnnumbered woes in .the futuro.
Public 'sentimerdt is unanimous as to
the .endj but some di'versity sof
ojlijion evxists regarding the means
of its accoamplishmoent. .Alter care..
fil consideration of the subject in
itsedifterent phases we are led irre
sistibly ;to the conclusion that the
system of free schools, already 'in..
grafted upon on~r constitution
airords tho simplest and most offica
oums rgans of supplying this want.
That it has not proved a success is
*atfrib\4thabjt t6 the system, but
to a total dlsr-bkada of the theory on
which it la based. hadical .loaders
children, a rich booty only, and they
proceeded to appropriate it 'to thom
solves without the least hesitation.
N that the appropriation will be
ir :tly disba'rsed, the full benefits
of tho system can be realized. No
important change should be made
in the school law as it stands. It is
admirable, oven going to the length
of providing penalties for school
oflicials who neglect their duty.
Tho ratification by the Legislature
of the amendment to the constitu
tion adopted by the peopl last
November, retaining in each county
the money raised for educational
purposes, will remedy the only
flagrant defect existing. This
cannot be done too soon, in order to
pormit the school commissioner in
each county to estimate what funds
he will control, in order that he
may lnow to what extent ho can go
in opening schools. Thu people of
Fairfield aro vitally interested in the
amendment, as it will give this
county about eight thousand dollars
a year, instead of two thousand five
hundred, as heretofore.
In. our opinion, our present
-school commissioner is admirably
qualified to inaugurate a successful
system of public schools here, as he
has had extensive experience in
other States in which free education
has been carried to perfection. The
confidence of the people is all that
is necessary, and this can be gained
in a short time.
We trust the Legislature will not
interfere with the school law at all,
except to ratify the amendment
already spoken of.
WEDNE DAY, April 25.
The Senate assembled and was
called to order by President Sinip
son. A message was received from
the House that; that body was duly
organized and ready to proceed to
business. The Senate returned a
similar notification to the Houso.
A committee, consisting of Sena
torsi Whittomore, Jeter and Swails,
were appointed to wait upon the
governor, and report that they were
ready to receive any communication
he might wish to make. They re
ported that the governor hoped to
communicate in writing to-morrow
at i p. m.
Messrs. Swvails and Green gave
notice that they wouldl pr'esent, to
b)e entered on the journal, their p~ro
test against the admiission to their
seats, on yesterday, of the Senators
from Abbeville, Barnwoll, Edgofield
The President called the attenfion
of the Senators to rule 16, which
requires that notice of protedt be
given immediately after the deter
mination of a mnatter, but there
being no objection the protest
would ho received.
Mr. Cochran asked and obtained
the unanimous consent of the Senate
to initroduce, without p)rovious
notice: A bill to further reduce the
number and regulate the pay of
-officers, attaches, clerks and laborers
of the General Assembly, and to
p~rovide the manner of electing, ap
pointing and paying the same ; bill
to provide for the registration of
the electors in conformity with
article 8, section 3, of the State
constitution ; bill to fix and reduco
the salaries of certain officers.
.At 12.45 p. im., tho;Sonato resolved
itself into executivo session.
,The following~ changes were made
in -the standing' committoes: Gary
elected a member of the committee
-n the judiciary, vice Myers, of the
committee on the Military and on
Privleges and Eleotions, vice Nash ;
Maxwell, of Abbovillo, was-placed on
the committee on claims, vice Taft,
and on public lands, vice Cannon;
Todd, of Laurensa, on charitable in
stitutions, vice M~yers ; on Fiinanxeo,
vice Swails ; Counts of Blarnwell on
Education and Incorporations, on'
Public Lands and the Penitentiary,
to fdll vacancies caused by the death
of his predecessor, Sonat r WiI,
liams Howard, of Marion, on the
Military, vice Maxwell of Marlboro;'
Crittendep. on~ Printing, vice John.
ston.; Butler of Aiken,Ion Minos and
Mmnig, vice Clinton ; Evans of
Chesterfield, on Legislative Library,
vice Carter -; Buck, of Horry, on
Railroads ; Livingston, of Oconeeo
.on Contingent accounts, vice Taft.
Mr. Cochren asked and was ex,
oused from serving as chairman of
.the Committee on Medical Affairs,
and Hon. J. C. Maxwell was elected
in lieu thereof.
Mr. Warley' on request was -ox
cusedi from serving as chairman of
the -Committee on Rletrounchments,
and Hon. J. R. Cochrn~t wasseleotod
un .Isa place.
All the vacancios occurred by the
resignation of the members whose
places were filled.
At 1 p. in., the Sonato adjourned.
HoosE OF 1IElRESENTAT1VES.
The House mot at the usual hour,
after notifying the governor that it
was ready to proceed to business.
Mr. Shoppord introduced the
following preamblo and resolutions,
which wore considered imi mediately:
Whereas this House did, on the
28th day of November, A. D. 1876,
moet and was duly organized accord
ing to law, a co'nstitutional quorum
of the members thereof bcing
present -and voting ;
And whereas certain persons
claiming to be duly elected as mom
bars of this body have noglocted
and refused to appear amd qualify as
members as provided and required
by law, but on the contrary, organi
zed another body, and styled thom
selves the House of Representativos
of South Carolina, which said body
was wholly without legal or con
stitution validity ;
And whereas such conduct on the
part of said persons was in high
contempt and derogation of the
authority and dignity of this House,
and a probable abandonment of their
alleged rights as members of this
And whereas certain persons, viz.,
John Gibson and Daniel Bird, as
Representatives from the county of
Fairfield, did appear and qualify as
members of this body, and did, sub
sequently thereto, without justifica.
tion and excuse, and in violation of
law and their plain duty in the
premises, renounce openly and pub
licly all connection with this House;
therefore be it
Resoluecc, That the claims of
all persons alleged to have been elect
ed as members of this body who
have neglected and refused to ap
pear and qualify as members, and
joined themselves to another body
calling themselves the House of
Representatives of South Carolina,
as well as the claims of those who,
having appeared and qualified, re
nounced their connection with this
House, be referred without debate
to a joint committee consisting of
the Committee on Privileges and
Elections and the Committee on the
Judiciary, which committee shall
have the power, and is hereby ro
qured, to consider said claims and
the right, if any, of the persons al
lored to have been elected as afore
said, and all matters connected with
the alleged election of said persons,
and report to this House by resolu
tion or otherwise.
Resolved, furthekr, That the joint
committee shall have power to send
for persons and papers.
The preamble and resolutions
were agreed to.
Mr. Sheppard gave notice, that
on to-morrow, or on some subso
quent day, he will ask leave to intro
duce a bill to abolish the office of
county audilor and to confer the
duties of said oflice upon the coun
ty treasurer ; also a bill to regulate
the number and pay of officers, ats
taches and clerks of the General As
sembly, and to provide the manner
of electing and appointing the same.
Mr. Simpson gave notice .of a bill
to reduce the number of trial jus
tices in Anderson county.
Mr. Holmes, to incor~porato the
town .of Elko, in Barnwvell county;
also to incorporate the H~ampton
Mr. Shawv, to repoeal certain see
ti< ns of the General Statutes.
Mr. Blue, to abolish tho offices of
county auditor and county treasurer;
also, a b~ill to provide for the ap
pointmnent and collection of taxes.
Mr. Westbury, to regulate the
number of trial justices in Sumter
Mr. Allen, to authorize the gov
ernor to farm out convict labor.
Mr.-Orr, to authorize the admis
sion of J. E. Allen to practise law.
Mr. Youmns~n to alter and amend
the lawv in relation to landlords and
tenants ; also, a bill to alter and
amend the criminal law of this State.
Mr. Sheppard, to repeal the di~.
On motion of Mr. Sheppard, the
Hose adjourned at thirty
.minutos past 1 o'clock, p. mD.
TUUnsDAY,. April 26.
The Senato assembled at 12 m.
Thd President laid before the
Bonate the resignation' of .Dublin 1.
Walker, senator from Chester
Notice wvas given of bills as fol..
lowsa: to reducoe the per diem and
mileage of members ; .to provide for
a general registration of voters ; to
regulate thm'e rate of interest on all
On motion of Mr. Cannon, it was
referred to the judiciary committee
to inquire and report on .the expe
diency of establisliing county courts.
Swails presented a protest frorn
the Roelublican senators against the
adission of the senators :froum
Abbovillo, Edgofiokl, Laurons and
.launwell. It .was .spread upon 4ho
Message No. 1 was announced
from the governor. It was read,
and referred to appropriate commit.
tees. The Senate thon, after pass-,
ing appropriate resolutions, adjourni
ed in respect to the memory of the
late Jones M. Williams, senator
from Barnwell county.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The I-ouse met at the usual hour.
The following bills were intro
(lced : To repeal an act entitled
"An Act for the relief of the widows
and orphans of posons killed be
causo of their political opinions"
to regulate the number and pay of
officers, attaches' and clerks of the
General Assembly, and to provide
the manner of electing and appoint..
img the same ; to charter the Hamp
ton Phospato Company ; to mako
.jurors', constables' and witnesses'
tickets receivable for county taxes-;
to require persons elected to
the offices of intendant and war
dens in any incorporated town or
village to qualify within ton days
after election ; to amend an act rela
tive to the offico of trial justice in
Laurens county ; to repoal an act
to regulate the granting of divorces;
to abolish the office of caunty audi
Mr. Orr, from the committee on
privileges and elections, and Mr.
Aldrich, from the committoo on
the judiciary, submitted a
joint report as to the .claims of cer
tain persons to qualify as members
of the House, which was considered
immediately and was unanimously
agreed to; whereupon the following
members-elect appeared at the bar of
the House, lesentoe their creden
tials and purged themselves of their
contempt, were sworn in by the
Speaker and took their seats.
From Beaufort- Messrs. Has
tings Grantt, Joseph Robinson,
Geo. A. Reed and T. E. Miller.
From Chester--Messrs. Samuel
Coleman and Purvis Alexander.
From Clarendon-iMessrs. Syfax
Milton and Hampton Boston.
From Georgetown-Mossrs. Chase
S. Green and P. K. Kinloch.
From Orangeburg-Messrs. Shad
rach Morgan, Christian W. Caldwell
and Ellis Forrest.
From Richland--Messrs. Andrew
W. Curtis, C. S. Minort, James
Wells, it. J. Palmer and Wn. W.
Curtis introduced a resolution pro
viding for the ratification of the
constitutional amendment relative
to the school fund.
Mr. Aldrich introduced a pream
ble and some resolutions invoking
executivo clemency for persons
charged, in the United States courts,
with offenceos of a political character.
The governor's message was read,
and referred to appropriate comnniit
Louisiana Red eemed.
WAsINGTON, April 25. -A New
Orleans special says shortly after 11
o'clock last evening Packard had his
forces, numbering over 400, assems
bled in review in the corridor of the
State House.- Ho wvas escorted to
thoir presence when he made a short
address, thanking them for their de
votedness, stating that they had
come to the end of the conflict and
bidding them adieu. The scene
is 'descrilel as a very impressive one
At its conclusion, ho was escorted,
to his carriage, when a majority of
the police and guard -evacuated the
To -day the Legislature will meet
for the last time at Odd Fellows'
Hall, when it wvill repair to theo
State House, whore it will adjourn
The Nicholls Legislature elected
Spoflord United Stat.es senator. A
number of Republicans, after patri
o tic speeches, supported him.
Spofford is a liberal .Doemocrat.
At Lynn, Mass., a-school-toacher.
asked a. little. girl who the first man
was. She answoered that she did
not'know. The question was then
put to the next, an Irish child, who
answored loudly, "Adam, air.," ,with
apparent satisfaction. -"Law !l".said
thme first scholar, "'you -needn't feol,
so pr'oud about it ; he wasn't iun
A commercial -exchange says :
"Hogs are dull." We never thought
hogs were very sharp. When one
breaks into a cabbage -patch you may
chase it fourteen times around the
lot, and it will try to, vraw.l throm h
every three inchmierack in thme f~co
without once seeing the bole it made
to get in.
.The forgiving disposition of in..
jured wives often interferes -with the
admnistration of justice. -One of
the latest instances is where Mrs.
Picard, of New Yorlg,. whose husband
rubbed vitriol on her face .for the
express purpose .of disfiguring her
for life, refused to testify against
him, and so allowed him .to go un.'
'unwhipped cAf justice.
tthe way they designate Senator
IXjast VVOar C .Jes
THOS. RI ROBERTSON,
Attorney at Law
AND TRIAL JUSTICE.
,:D- All business entrusted to him in
either caxity will receivO prompt atton
Office on Washington street, one door
east of Wiunsboro Hotel.
l. A G.ALLAD. JO. . IxvBUi eS.
GAILLARD & REYNOLDS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
NO. 3 LA V RANGE.
A. M. MACKEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
No. ., L A W RA NG ,
Winnsboro, S. C.
MT Spocial attention paid to the speedy
collection of claims. Will practico in all
of the courts of this State and the United
TO OUR CUSTOMERS
WHO are indobted to us for PRO VI
IONS or PIIOSPIIATES, we would respect
fully call attention, that your bills are duo
on or bofore the first of November. We
are depending on you for payment AT
ONCE, to enablo us to moet obligations
.made to assist you, and which are due as
In order for us, as weli as you, to -main.
'tain our credit, it is necessary to anoot our
The lucky man is he
Who take liis. ueat on the 4th of March
Our-Prosident he'll be :
And now the next best thing
#ast-suited to our mind,
Is whore to get the ecaponit goods
The- best of goode to find.
My-friends and o went ou6 One (lay,
8ome Noew prIsag Goods to buy;
And -we -resolved;beforo we went,
The different stores to try.
We wandered Winnsboro all .around
Until our.feot were sore,
1And found the very~ place,-tlst
'.T'was-SOL WVOLFE'S Now Cash Store.
.Of flats, Clothing and Boots and Shoe.,
The. latest to our view
,Tho very best styles of Dross Goods,
.id.Priitaeo cheap and now.
'So then,-my good friends, one and all,(
Now is your time to try
What Bargains you ean got of me
Or, you need not buy of SOL..