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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, May 01, 1877, Image 1

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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION.] INNSI3ORO, S. o TUSDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1877,
NEW~ I)YI L'I'1SLMLEN'8.St
SI pv'c acqua(1n~thc ' cftrd4. 1 pack
i~ItI~ ulkl rc lutize loo. I packs eroll.
FUN~ all soils,. for onl111 io't"Ii ~and sitamplj.
Puon card ('u., 3lkkllebouo, ass.
20 Ladies' Favorito Catrus, all styles,
wi tit, Nassa, 10cn. Post paid. J. J.
6New piccses Iud e141, retails tor$1 .:i, st
f. or 111 e'. Mid1( >rLulnp. C"liel) h1aste co.,
'; 1~~L1(hlbbor'o, 311aa
R evolver Free ~'itbxtal11;s
JAMES BROWNi A :O0N, u 1 :13, 11 ' oux street
1 Itlsbttrg, 1'a.
IJN 101. pacl~k stioll (.ul((1, '2.1 p. bSuk ofr
j. ~oi F FII; till I AS. ;lI Wstamp. Novelty
Co., Mid(dleboroO, Mas..
* !You wvill atgree to dlist ribute soJtUO of
orcird;lll1:4, we will 5111(1 yon) a1
4)1110t IN (l1. FRAME, hail( at 16 page
("4 1,11111111 iluistraitedl paper, free for 3
illi1114i . 1UC10o43 It) Celit to pa:y postage.
Agents wanted. KI.NJ)ALI1 & CO., lbos
ice1( th1is. Only $ii.5) cazpl~it required
K. lIt -.1 11111 1:)1011(1ll,.o~f~~ CANVASSE S
1111101' Ilis. Mtid~ zitIUlp. F111 Card
FCJ., > (p1 4111u,111. iehliIp..oe
1 s+ Tfll'IfXG
)" With It Cold is Aiwnys. iDangerous.
.1 1.Tsli
n Sur remtoedy for ('ouglis, 1(11d 4ilt I)is
4 0115Cae(1o 01(lie IThrioat, Lunigs, Clit'st u1)
PUt.T t'i ONL.Y IN BILUE DOS ?I.
Sold by 1111 D~ruggist s.
C. N. Cur'rT12a'ox, 7 sixth Avenue, N. T.
1 eomnroil 011)urono. Tx 11, mounitecl,
11l' It '2v. I p1. li ''lt (8 l. I pk.eomIol
I 'rII , 1 'ar o I,,ok true. ll111 ul loI'
0o1ly 5 1e.s.tn.I Novelty Co)., 3l~ddlhtlb'ur 3las.
asna - :~'l ip 'irligi It (O~n lrgpeM
1(1 1 h Il44; .44. REA AI
:,", v t r., G.,.d,'t~ ',t(: r.I.' (.4lIA.
tlI ' tII fl l at ' lT. ntl. z' t lr.. Soo
''QI ..1ultid-eSr: 4tw1 ,1 P 1k r I:,1()""c
1 t:." 'F'b,: or~t ud iS rc 'I'.t l ..' t.%'4 }Ii~ s,'li
S t i l r 140 Gld 11 i ti k 1144 It ) I".... , A.,. .11114ra
(4iJ.l'(' 411 114;: ilton ti I~ ~ ' y2 1(4
,41$1~,zl 4' 1 1. 1'11 h ',al t"i5 dne'li
(:t tit ' 4e cra I it' '' II 111114''I ii i I l l0lar.
llhirlon (R 1,' fior ll: t~llimin l I
M lliii'r ' 1 )111 it 1C.t ( 1(40(11 , t 0ie5i1 1 ig il
In li 11t' Jit il, LIliWr, ittibbons, l stl
A1' 1'111 , l t r).f ; l l r(5 ('l hi'ut sFih
a 11 ('er ,c are h "~'tcles n 115p0('tinu sf
stt have nulies iltl pudo tle',ilt45 51( ljt~.
W'I' !itill1 (1d044.' t. pien thdlll', It fas
1.T'rcss (or'd 1.18 :U t4' (landsDres.14Ilcprov
erso,a~ ('osts jl(s(1, lvs Nto
Agent'1 for lllsriialo ppr
GRAt ND'is Jjll11', OP is ' NCiilrNTG
f1,}t o odls'i',1( Fanerytii Uol) 113' foun
IMPORTANT
-TO
C-. EL R3103 El '~J M L
-AND- .
AGRICULTURISTS!
0
Emperor William Cabbage.
T T[E best, largest, hardiest and most
- profitable variety of wIsTa CAUHAoE
known in Europe, and imported 1p1this
country exclusively by the undersigned,
where, with little cultivation, I flour
ishes astonishingly, attainig dn enor
mnous size, and selling in tho matkot at
prices most gratifying to the producer.
TI transplanting, great care ahould be
used to give luflici'nt -space for growth.
Solid heads the size of the mouth of a flotr
barrel, is the average run of this choice
variety. One package of the seed sent
post paid on receipt of 50 centit, and one
3 cent. postage stamp. Threo packages to
one address $1 00 and two-3 cent stamps.r
Twelve packages sent on receipt of $3 00y9
7'r- Read what a well known Garrott,
Co. Marylander says of the Etri'no% Vir,
LIAM Cabbage:
lhI.OOMINOTON, Gannu1ET Co.,
Md., Jan. 22, 1877.
Mn. JANtEs C.MPnETLL, 60 Fulton St. N. Y.
)ear Sir:-1 boughts ome seed from you
last spring, and it was good. Your Em
peror William Cabbage suits this climate
Well. On a nountainl side the seed you
sent moe produced Cabbages weighing
thirty pounds each.
Very truly yours,
JAMES BROWN.
--o
p1 I am Sole Agent in the U. S. for
the famous
Maidstone Onion Seed,
from Miidstoiic, Kent ('o., England, pro
lucing the most produci'ig the most
prolific and linest ilavored Onions known
and yielding on suitable soils from 81(0 to
00 bushels per acre, sown in drillls.
Mr. llenry Colvin, a lar e.irketgmarden
er at. Myracue,- . Y. /'rites, "Your
English Onio&ik ' I 'sect nii by itR
large yield, and the (eli ions flavor of the
fruit. I could h e soI (I any <uantily ir.
this mirset at goid prices. My wife says
she will have no other onions for the tablo
it future. Send ume as much as you can
for the enclosed $5,00."
One package of seed sent on receipt
of 50 cents and one 3 cent postage stamp,
three packages to one address $1 00(1 and
two 3 cent stamps. Twelve packages sent
on receipt of $3 (10.
My supply is limited. Parties desiring
to secure either of the above rare seeds,
should not delay their orders All seed
WAtlnANTED FRs1(511 AND TO (i~nlMINATE.
Cash must accompany all orders. For
either of the abovo seeds, address
JAMES CA M P13E [ L,,
mar 1- x tm 6 Fulton St., N. Y.
6011110r laimllo
CALL ATTENTION
rp
.L O their largo and elegant assortment
of
GL ASSWARE,
Especially their lBerry, Fruit and Preserve
IliowlIs.
-ALSO,
To their variety of LJAMPSi, which, for
bleauty and chieapniess, excei.
-ALSO,-.
To their large stock of CROCKEIIY, which
they oftbr at low prYices, to closo out their
GOODS in this line.
NOT [CE.
j WENT-FrVE per cent. in addition to
.tour regutlar cash profit wi'll be adl dud
on all groceries charged (on account aufter
this (late. No deviations will be nmade
fromm thmis rulo.
apuil 19 3. SUGE~NHEIMER & 00
d., OLEN DINING,
Boot anid Shioo Manuf'acturier,
WVINNSBORO, S. C.
P3 ''TE undersigned ro..
spectfully ann1fonntiee to tho
citizo.ns of iFairlilid that ho
has removed his Bloot and
Shoe Manufactory to one door below Mr.
C. Muller's. I am prepared to manufacture
'dll styles of worK in a substantial and
orkumanlike manner, out of the very best
mtaterials, and at prices fully as low an the
same goodls can be manufactured for at the
North or elsewhere. I keep constantly on
hand ,a good Stook of Sole and Upper
Leather, Shoo Findings &c., which wvill be
sold at reasonabln p~ricos. Repairing
promptly attend~ed to. Terms strictly Cash.
far-tDried Hides bought.
oct 12 J. CLENDINING.
THE GOVERNORS MESSAGE.
-0 t
JIi G1AP'LES WITH '9SE JPROBILEM
OP IWDE1LVGJ'T AE 'S T A TJ.
Why he convened the Le lslature--Tho
State dobt--Taxation--Tho Charitable
Institutions and the Frgp Schools.
Governjanptonisentllis first
message to the Legislature on the
26th inst.- It - is a opinprehonsivo
and abloepapeland fully sets forth
the policy of e1 o adminis
tration on all the principal questions
of the day.
He gives as a reason for conven
ing the Legislature at this time, his
belief that the criticaP condition of
public affairs and the welfare of the
;tato demanded such ourso ; and
h returna thanks to 10 members
[for patriotically laying side private
business and devoting (Their atten
fion" to public affairs. He trusts
that a broad spirit of patriotism will
pervade all their councils.
Owing to, the anamolous condition
of affairs l6r the past two months,
Governor Hanpton is inable to lay
before the Legisl turdeucl full and
accurate information on all sul)jects
as is advisable. Circumstances have
prevented him from obtaining access
to the public records and he cannot
Speak authoritatively of the exact
financial condition of the State, nor
make such particular suggestions as,
under the ordinary condition of
public matters, it would have been
his pleasure, no less than his duty,
to have (lone. He therefore can
call attention in general terms only
to a few subjects which require im
mediate attention.
The most important subject to
which attention is directed is the
FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE STATE
which is at present deploreble. On
this point the governor says:
"All efforts to bring about a hot
ter state of affairs will prove un
availing until the finances are put
in a healthy condition and the credit
of the State is established on the
Hound and honorable footing they
once occupied. But in the mean
tine there is an imperative necessity
that the immediate needs of the
State should be provided for : and
in doing this the burden of taxation
should be made as light as poss ble,
for the resources of our people are
well nigh exhausted, and the season
of the year at which the taxes will
be called for is most unfortunate.
There sl.omild b3 n-) qu, st'on or
doubt as to our dOtermiiation to
llet every honest obligation of the
State fairly and faithfully ; but it is
equally our duty to ascertain what
are honest liabilities. Thore should
be a condition precedent to the pay,
ment of interest on any of the out
standing obligations of the State,
wvhether in tihe shape of b~ond sor
otherwise, and also to the fur therI
funding of any of tihe State indebted
ness into the consolidated bonds
authorized to be issued under the
act of 1374, to reduce tile volume of
the public debt.
In order to effect this object in a
mode satisfacto'ry and equitable,
alike to time State and to the public
credlit, I respectfully suggest the
app1ointmnent of a commission, to
consist of 01n0 mnember from each
House of the Legislature, the
Comptroller General and the Treas
ur'er of the State, and three citizens
of financial ability, to whom the
wvholo question of the financial con
dIition of the State shall be referred,
and under whose directions a
thorough and complete investigation
of the funded and floating in,
dlebtedness of the State shall be
made ; and wvho shall be cempoweredl
to require a registration before them
or becfore such jofficers as maybe desig
nated, of the consolidation bonds of
tihe State. Obligations, the validity,
of which shall 1)0 thus ascertained,
shall be cortified in such form as the'
co~fmmissionl or the Legislature may
prescribe, and the coupons on such
bonds alone shall be receivable for
taxes. The eommission should also
be chlarged with the duty of ros
porting to the General Assembly at
its next regular session the precise
character of all obligations of doubt
fuil validity, or clearly frandulent,
with the specific facts or testimony
upon which their conclusions are
based. The amount of debt yet to
be funded in estimated at $8,000,
000, which will require the issue
of $1,500,000 in consolidated bonds.
A tax has been levied eachiyear~to pay
tile interest on the debt, and there
should nowv be in the troasnry a
balance sufficient to moet the unpai<
coupons. Tho governor, howevoi
exprossess great doubt whether an;
part of this fund will be found. HI
therefore recommends the issue o
additional bonds to meot the ac
cruod and unpaid interest.
Tho next vital point is the
WIIOLEsAALE IEDUCTION OF ExPEN$E$,
Many offlcos are useless, while othori
can be filled for smaller salaries
After all reforms are effected ther<
will still romain a large sum neces.
sary to defray the expenses of th<
government, which must be met b3
taxation. On this point the mos
sage is as follows :
It is one of our gravest difficul
ties that we have come into control
of, the government after the period
at which taxes can most easily bc
paid. Ours is essentially an agricul,
tural comminunity ; our products arc
harvested in the latter part of thc
year and sold in the earlier; and
the rule which has always obtained
of calling for the taxes in January
and February had its origin not in
the arbitrary will of the Legislature
but was the natural outgrowth of an
industrial system. The lato politi
cal struggle has boon protracted
untill the proceods of the past year
crop have been exhausted, and the
present crop is not sufficiently
advanced to enable the farmer to
realize anything upon it. Every
available dollar of cash or of credit,
in the control of the farmer, is
already applied to the growing crop
and
THE LEVY OF A TAX
payable at an early day would
seriously embarrass not only the
agricultural but every other interest
of the State. The money is not in
the country ; it could only be raised
from loans to the farmers by bank
ers or merchants ; and it is ques
tionable if it could be raised even in
this way. It is therefore incumbent
on you, while reducing the tax to
its minimmn, to arrange for its col..
loction at such times and in such
manner as will lighten the burthons
of the people as much as possible.
A. portion of tho tax absolutely
necessary could be called for in Juno,
tmd the residue, which should be the
large portion, in October, when the
proceeds of a part at least of the
crop will be available for the pay,
ment o f taxes.
THE TEN PER CENT. CONTRIBUTION
called for by the governor, under
nutlhority of the House, was respond
Ad to, he says, with an alacrity and
t patriotic zeal imost honorable to
tie pt o,)le; and, as an o :idcnce of their
onflidence in the administration,
the responso was as gratifying as it
MvS unlprocedented.
The net receipts from this con
tribution and from office fees
unoited to $135,839.58 ; and the
lisbursemujents, as will appear by the
Looks of General Hagood's office, on
iccount of the educational, penal and
3haritable instittutions of the State,
md for the legislative, executive and
udicial deopartments of the governM
nent, amount to $76,6G1. 00-leaving
mcash balance .on hand of $59,
L78.39.
B~y the rep)ort of the late troas
irer, dated October 31st, 1876, there
bvoro in the treasury at that time
$258,050.37 ; but what portion of
thi~s amonnt is now on hand the
.governor is not aware. The use of
Shoso funds has boon enjoined b~y
sheo courts, and the officials in whoseo
shargo they are wvill doubtless c
sount to the Legislature for them.
In addition to the funds named,
he phosphate royalty should yield
~rom thirty to forty thousand (dol
ars, and there will then be quite a
argo amount at tihe command of the
Begislaturo ; sufilcient, it is hoped,
so moot the demands of tihe State
mntil a portion of the taxes is col-,
ected.
P'HE BILLS OF THlE BANK OF TUE STATE.
While on tile subject of the fianan
ses I beg to call your notice to the
>ills of the Bank of the State ; for
>his question presents piroonaB a
lifficult problem. There is a wide
Ipread belief that a considerable
umount of these bills wvill be found
nissing from thoe treasury, having
aeen reissued iln place of .being can.,
seod or destroyed. It is well,
Ilheroforo, at this junceture, to con..
aider whether or not these bills
should be receivable in payment of
taxes. Before recaiving them for
taxes, thle most rigid investigation
shiould be had, with a view of ascer,
taining the amount for which the
State is clearly liable, and what por
tion is tainted, with fraud, in order
that suitable provision may be made
at the next session of the Legisla
tunro for thle redemntion of the for
1 mor and for the protection of the
Kate against the latter,
Tm; PENAL, CHARITABLE AND EDUCA~
TIONAI,
institutions are comimended to the
consideration of the Assembly.
Theso should be properly supported
and ably managed, but with strict
economy. To as great an oxtent as
possible they should bo made self
supporting. With proper legisla,
tion tho labor of the convicts in the
ponitentiary could be made profita
blo. The management of the pros
ent superintendent scorns to be
judicious.
In regard to the lunatic asylum
tho governor recommends the oloc
tion of a board of regents composed
of citizens of Columbia, who will
serve without pay. This institution.
has boon well managed by its supor,
mntondent, and the expenses have
been considerably reduced.
The deaf and dumb asylum and
the colored orphan asylum are com
mended to the Legislature ; but the
appropriations for them should be
reduced.
EDUCATION.
The governor regards education
as of primary importance. He
recommends the maintenance of the
State University, but thinks that to
bring it up to a proper standard, it
must undergo a complete reorganiza
tion. Such action can be taken at
present as may be necessary to meet
the imnmediato wants of the Univer
sity ; and subsequent legislation can,
after mature deliberation, place the
institution on the high ground it
once occupied.
The governor continues : "Akin
to this subject is that of free schools,
and I earnestly ask that you will use
every effort to establish such a sys.
temn as will place the means of edu,
cation within the reach of all classes
in the State. The present system,
as it has been administered, is a more
mockery under which the children
are imperfectly taught, the teach
ers have been swindled out of their
pay, and the money of the people
has been squandered. There have
been honorable exceptions to this
rule, but they are rare. I have now
before mena 'teacher's pay certificate'
to which the board of school trus
tees, consisting of three members,
have each affixed his "cross-mark"
as hi - signature. As this paper is a
striking illustration of the now sys
ten of public education inaugurated
in the State, and is, besides, a liter
ary curiosity well worth preserving,
it is transmitted for inspection.
While such a disgraceful condition
of things is allowed to exist, we ahall
hop in vain to see the work of edu
cation prosper. The time may be
too limited at this session to enable
you to perfect a system which will
meet the requirements of our whole;
people ; but such legislation can be,
had as will secure to the' teachers;
fair compensation for services al
ready rendered, and will carry on
public instruction until the next
regular session. 'We arc bound alik&
by every consideration of true states.
manship and of good faith t'o keep
up in the State such a systern~of free.
schools as will place within the
reach of every child-the poorest as
wvell as as the richest, black as well
as whito--the means of acquiring an
honest and honorablo education;,
and to this end I shall most cordPal
ly second any efforts othtl part of
the Legislature. I small look with.
contident hope to your aid in carry -
ing out the reforms and fufilling the:
pledges to wvhicl. weo are solemnly
committed.".
The messagr concludes, with Ag
adjuration to the Legislature. tq, 00
operate with the,cexecutive, to 1'aiso
South Cardln. fr'om -her presente~
condition ; to rqatore her credit ; f,o
bring back her good namp ;;
developo her boirndless resourceo;,tp.
heal her wounds ;s to securo
equal and oxactj justico to all h~e
children ; to. establish and main-.
tain the suprrgmacy of thme law ; to
diffuse, the blessings of education;
and to. strive to bind all classes of
both races in the bonds of peace,
fraternity andl giety.
The good and expressive American.
verb "to lynch",has been F'roehified,
and one of our Frenich exchanges,
telling about the lynching of the
Bonder family in Kansas, heads its
paragraph with the words "Una
Famille Igynchee."
There are seventy-five insitranco
companies in the city of New York.
']his nmniber emnbraees good, had
and indifferent.
The Knights of Honor have or-.
ganizod a Grand Lodge of the
Order for the Rtate.

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