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~ E~ION.] h a1.N.4tlb.
TRIWEEKY DIION] INSIOR, S C, 1'ES~lMORNING, AM 15, 1877.(VL.N.43
NEW ADVER''ISEMEN''S. I
N 1 pack acquaintauce cards, 1 pack
hantikerehief Illrtation, 1 pack scroll
all sorts, foronly 10 coats ani stalp
Fun CUrd Co., Mtddleboro, Maass.
O Ladies' Favorite Cards, all styles,
-.wi th name, 10e. Post 'aid. J. B.
Ilusisin, Nassau, ions. Co., N.Y.
6 New pieces sheet music, retails for$1.75, sent,
for 10 ets. and stup. Cheap Musle Co.,
Revolver Free boxI a tries
JLAMES BRtOWN K SON, 13t1 anid 1311, Woodl stred.
package nnie InveIopes, pk. Comico
Cardis, pack scroll ea rls, .- p. book of
Ful; ill for 10 eti. lad stamp. Novelty
Co., Milddloboro, Mass.
You will agree to distribute someo of
our circulars, we will send you a
chrono IN or.'r FI ME, n( a 16 page
64 column illustrated paper, free for 3
months Incloso 1 n cents to pay postage.
Agents wanted. KENJ)ALL & CO., los
B OK See this. Only $1.50 capital requiredi
(ITTto start canvassing for MASK
D .jvTWAIN' NEW SCaAP-IOOK. Apply,
K. wtli.n ena , 1 no CANVASSERS,
East Street, N. Y.
et )eopy curlous love letter, 1 p1k. conic
eairts, I pack popplugr gnes'tionls cands;
UNall for 11) etS. and Stamup. Funt Car(d
Co., Middleboro, .Mass.
With a Cold is Always Dangerous.
WELLS' Car bolic Ta(blets,
a sure reelody for Coughs, and all Dis
eases of the Throat, Lungs, Chest and
PuT itt ONLY IN nIF.lE hO:S.
Sold by all Druggists.
C. N. (OlITTENToN, 7 Sixth Avenue, N. Y.
H A 1 ( 'nitic oil chrom no, 7x1 , nollterl,
worth 2-e., I pk. love e(15, I pk eiint
envelopi's, 1 pack. Cemi earols, 1 pack
sitrolI, I 24 pat.C T hok I'lin, all sent ror~
only 5 Sct. stamjps, Nov 01t y Co., 31(ithleboro Mass.
anet 'est ing-uat. REA ')A tJ
TIP The T Ip Top Packriga 1'q the Ins "st
S EE. li ts Nota
E v lopes. l'enell, l'am-holeltir, trolti.
et 1 eu St t)01 Ktcgnait (1,114 l-r,1
Sicove nutts,u, Oents' Laki iO ergO ildli, ('Ii i'h
thyat t itin -Illau "1tal with gold, Aaaattyst Sto,,u &, srf
Pin, .iolurltt vudling RIng,set ntoslmid Mar lirt,
Ladles' Flowered nnd Silvered tun i Ph. LaIlI& Fancy Sot
d Watch thain and Set of
Threoonitd-platert stuis. T/e
enire Lot s entfs"jni-tf w ?,
Baitr. FX7W/AO)RLIINAx A)' o vuc t/Y T.:f:r.
J. BRIDE, Clinton Plago, New Yor'
F I fry eil-t coIt:ti. t p-ilr
gohik'i:-iail e n g r at v a i
-sleeve buttons, I set (:s) slpiral shirt shttt-i I
(;cnts' Ima. corail 1111n, 1 Improvedl shape coll ur
Stuid, one Getcls lune link watch chnunk, amid I
Ladles' heavy weildinug ring; price or I caske"t
complete, 5) conts: t hree for $1.25; six lot- $2, a1n1i
12 lor 5:.511, all sent postpaid by mall. Six doi.zt:
and a solid silver watch ltr $'.!. Agent e lan
make mnuy selling these caskots. Send rill (,.
for santple and (:tinltgue. We have all kind,
of Jetwe ry at. low pr'ices.
W. C.OL1-*. & ('u.. 735a 11road waty, N. 1'. U'Ity,
, W e are tI '"ign-akl-" in I his biusiness,
aitd have no ".lit; )n (;old' or ''brta.s' J(welt'y
''This.lJwelry ('asket, is relalrkably t1l tIae
tive, and(' (lS & CO., a.-' reliable dealers.",
ESIRE to call the attention of the
public to thoir large stock of Spring
and Slimmer Goods which they are selling
at remailrkably low ilgitres.
Best Prints, 83 cents.
4-4 liamblries, 10) cenits.
Figured LAWnls, 12 1-2 cents.
White Pniuos, 12 1-2 conts.
Th~ey h ave just received a fresh su pply
of Ladies' Collahrs and Culfs, Neck rufiling
Silk Tics, Emabroidery, Striped, Checked
and Plia Nainrsooks, H-osierv, Gloeves,
Fains &c, whlichi they sell as l'ow us cani
be bought anywhere.
GoTey have a nice lidoc of Ladies' Dress
Godconsisting of Alpacas, Iron Frame
Grenadine, Mohairs, Wnsh Poplins &c.
T 'ho gentlemien are es5 peoially invited to
rixamlino.their Stock of ('aasimneros, Shirts,
Socks, Drawers, Gloves, Folt and Strawv
They think they ean offer the best
selection of Cloting, at the loweost pricos
over olrered in the
may 5 IT~
Thave just received some very fine old1
I.Corn Whiskey, Peachl anid A pple Bran
dy, ,.from Steo Mountain, Georgia, and
Lincoln county, Virginia, and various
other grades of Western Rye Whiskeys,
Northl Catrolina Oorn and Ryo Whiskeys,
Domestic and Imported Wines~ and
A large stock of bottled goods, consist.
Ing of Champagne, Lager Boor, for
4 family use, Ales, Porters, ied a WVa tar &o.
Oneo barrel fresh Newark Cider on diraught.
Cool drinlks 0oall descriptions. Tobacco,
VI' -A OUn HoUSE.-.
J, D. McCAR LEY,
may 3 Proprietor.
llrrali for llaffptoll!
GRAND SPRING OPENING,
Di y Goods, Fancy Goods, and
) r F a beautifal aad full line of latest
/ novelties in Spring and Summaiiier
Millinery andel Fancy Goods, consisting in
part, of,'radies', Misses' and Children's
triined Hats, Flowers, Ribbons, Silks,
A large lot of Ladies' Collarettes,Fichus
and other fancy articles. Inspection of
the Ladies 111(1 public generally solicited.
We will en(leavor to please the nost fas
tid ious. All we ask is that you call, and
see for yourselves, and give us a trial.
Now Spring Prints. Centennial Stripes,
Dress Goos, White Goods,Drss Iniprov
ers, Corsets ;lhosiery, Glovts, Notions,
Clothing, hats, Shoes, &c.
Agent for Butterick's reliable paper
patterns. Ladies', \lisses' and Children's
new patterns in store.
Just filled up with fre- It Groceries, Con
fectionitries andi everything usually found
in a first class house of the kind.
A lot of Farniture, Laths, Shingles, &c.
Lumber low for Cash.
J. O. BOAG.
You can find all you want by calling
april 1.1 G .- a g
'To-d ay t lie campaign's fairly closed,
The lucky matan is lie
Who takes his seat on the 4th of March
Our Prestient he'll be:
And now the n(ext. best thing
.lust suited to our mind,
Is where to get the cheapest goods
The best of goods to find.
qty friends and I went out one day,
Sonic New Spring 4,oods to buy;
And we resolved,before we went,
The dif'erent stores to try.
We wandered Winnsboro tall around
Until our feet were sore,
And found the very place, at last,
T'was SOL WOLFE'S New Cash Store.
Of hats, Clothing and Boots and Shoes,
The latest to our view
'Tie very best styles of Dress Goods,
And Prints so cheap and new.
So then, my good friends, one and all,
Now is your timte to try
What, Bargains you can get of m
Or, yout need not buly of SOL.
NEW 000DS !!
* TE have just received a stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER
printts of the best brands at 84 ocets.
4--4 Camblrics at l10 cents.
Contennial Stripes at l2) cents.
A full Stock of Shirtings, Shootings and
Drilling at low figures.
CLOTHING I CLOTHING! !
We have julst received a large and com
plete stock of Spring and Sum mer C!oth
thing which we will sell as cheap asi any
HATS! HATS!! IHATS I I
Gonts' and Youths' Pelt and Straw Hats of
all kinds and at anfy prico.
CASSIMERES I CASSIMERES I!i
We have just received a full Rtock of Cassi
moras from the Charlotteatvillo Mills.
Tweecds, Cottonados, Jeans, etc.
J. F. Miclaster & Co.
<G; .a!Ln XPMWm] aU.
Emperor William Cabbage,
THE best, largest, hardiest and most
1_ proltale variety of wiNr-n CAnAar
known in Europe, anld imported to this
country exelusively by the undersigned,
where, with little cultivation, it flour.
ishes astonishingly, attaining an enor
mhous size, and selling in the market at
prices most gratifying to the producer.
In transplanting, great cure should be
used to give sufilcient space for growth.
Solid heads the size of the me :th of a flour
barrel is the average run of this choice
variety. One package of the seed sent
post paid on receipt of 60 cents, and one
:3 cent postage stanp. Three packages to
one address $1 00 and two 3 cent stamps.
Twelve packages sent, on receipt of $3 00.
70' Read what a well known Garrett
Co. Marlainder says of the E3 w-iauon WIL
Lia. M Cabbage:
lOOMINxToN, GannET Co.,
Md., Jan. f2, 1877.
Mu:. Juum:s CAMnI'IILL, 60i Fulton St. N. Y.
I )ear Sir:- I bought some seed f rom you
last spring, and it was good. Your Em
peror William Cabbage suits this climate
well. On ia mouintain side the sded you
sent me prodared Cabbages weighing
thirty pound) each.
Very truly yours,
'" I am Sole Agent in the U. S. for
IMlaidstone Onion Seed.
fronm Maidstone, Kent Co., England, pro,
during the most producing' the iost
prolife and finest flavored Onions known
and yielding on suitable soils from 800 to
900 bushels per acre, sown in drills.
Mr. Henry Colvin, a large n'irketgarden
er at. Syracuse, N. Y., writes, "Your
English Onion Seed surprised eIc by its
large yield, and the delicious flavor ot' the
fruit. I could heve sold any quantity ir.
this market at good prices. My wife says
she will have no other onions for the table
in future. Send me as much as you can
for the enclosed $5.00."
One package of seed sent on receipt
of 5( ceilts and one 3 cent postage stamp,
three packages to one address $1 00t' and
two :3 cent stamps. Twelve packages sent
on receipt of $3 00.
Mly supply is limited. Parties desiring
to soireither of tho above rare seeds,
shoul not delay their orders All seed
w.1ilnANTE) FIERI AND TO oEiiMINATE.
Cash must acconlmpany all orders. For
either of the above seeds, address
mar 1--x tOm 06 Fulton St., N. Y.
Co6iiii&V Cii all dTolf
O heir large and elegant assortment
E!specially their Beorry, Fruit and Preserve
TPo their variet~y of LAMPS, which, for
Ibeauty and cheapness, excei.
To their large stock of CROCKE RY, whiob
they offer at low prices, to close out their
GOODS in this line.
PHE undersigned informs the citizens
of Winnsboro and the county generally,
that he has opened a Tailoring Establish
mont in the store next to Mr. J. Clondin.
ing's. He is p~rep~ared to (do all kinds of
wvork in his line at short notice and on
reasonable terms. A full line of samples
kept constantly on hand, from wvhioh
o ustomers may nmakce selections. Speial
attention given to CUTTING.
fob 24-txfim WV. G. ROOHE.
A LL persons having claims against
the estato of Wni.Dawkins, docased,
late of Fairfield county, 8. O., are re
quested to present them to me at Spar
tanburg, S. C., properly attestedl. All
persons indebted to the same are re
qjuested' to make immediate payment.
S. M. DA W1(INS,
WHAT'S IN A NAME I
II7ENCi TIl1' PEOPLE; DERIVE
TIIEll :t 1'R ONYMI CS.
How the increase of population created
a domarid for surnames--The changes
of language--Strange motamorphoses
and freaks of fancy.
There might be much amusemont
in tracing the origin of family ]
names. Long ago-say about six 1
or seven hundred years since--there
wore no family names at all. Such
at present is the ease in Turkey. :
where the old Eastern practice of 3
using but a single name continues
to be followed. Surnames wore not
introduced into England until after 3
the Conquest. The fashion of using l
two names came to us from France t
but for a time was confined to fami- a
lies of distinction, and extended 1
slowly over the country. One thing il
is said to~ have promoted its use.
Young ladies of aspiring tastes do- d
dined to marry gentlemen who had p
only a Christian name, such as John b
or Thomas, for they would nocessari
ly have still to be called by their I
own name, Mary, Elizabeth, or what
ever it was. Spinsters accordingly I
thought it to be a grand thing to y
form an alliance with a person pos- si
sessing the distinction of a family 0
name, by which they should ever 6i
after be called. i,
Curiously enough, so difficult is it S
to alter old usages, that until very h
lately surnames were scarcely used h
among the humbler classes of people p
in some parts of Great Britain re- e,
moto from centres of civilization. ci
In these places, a creditor would
enter the name of his debtor in his ir
books as John, the son of Thomas, f,
just as is seen in genealogies in the a
Old Testament. Only now, from b
improved communication with the t
outer world, have practices of this t
kind gone out of use. We can s
easily understand how the names e
ending in son, as Johnson, Thom- h
Bon, AfanRon (abbroviaziona %7f Mag It
nusson) originated ; and it is D
equally easy to conjecture how b,
names from professions, such as in
Smith, Miller or Cooper, came into ri
existence. It is equally obvious
that many family names are derived a
from the nature of the complexion lc
of individuals, as Black, Brown and j
White. At first sight, there is a T
mystery as regards the different y
ways in which certain names are i
spelled. Smith is sometimes writ- I
ton Smyth ; and in some instances S
Brown has an e at the end of it. o
Reid is spelled Roade, Reed and t(
Redo. We seo Long, Lang and a
Laing, all variations of one name; o
Strong, Strang and Strange ; Little a
and Liddle ; Home and Hume ; n
Chambers and Chalmers ; and so on u
with a host of surnames in daily v
use. This is explained by the in-- ,
different scholarship wvhich prevailed r
until even the middle of the n
eighteenth century. Names in old al
legal doeuments and in the inscrip- t1
tions on the blank leaves of family b
Bibles are written in all sorts of ti
ways. A man seldom wrote hlis b
name twice in succession the same I
way. Each member of a family fol'- 1
lowe~d tihe spelling suggested by his y
own fency, and added to or altered y
letters in his name with perfect in- I
difference. Eccentricities . of this u
kind are still far from uncommon in A
the signatures of imperfectly edn-- I
cated persons. There is, in fact, a a:
constant growvth of new names, c<
springing from ignorance and eare- I
lessness, though also in some cases I
from a sense of refinement. J
Perhaps there is a still more i,
vigorous growth of names from I
foundlings. Driven to their wits'
end to invent names for the anony.. n
mous inlfanlts thrown on their a
bounty, parish authorities are apt a
to cut the matter short by con-- i,
forring names that are suggested by a
the localities wvhero the poor chil.. f,
dren were picked up. A child a
found at a door will be called Door, s
and so on with Street, Place, Steps, a
Basket, Turnstile, or anything else. n
Hundreds of droll names are said to
have begun in this way. Possibly
it was from such origin as tis that 0
a respectable citizen of Dublin, e*
nmentioned by Cosmo Innes in his 8
small book on Surnames, derived P
the name of Halfpenny. Mr. Half- "
penny, it is stated "throve in trade, i
and his children prevailed on him ~
in his latter years to change the
name, which they thought undigni,. t<
tied; and this he (lid chiefly by drop. o
ping the last syllable. He died and e
was buried as Mr. Halpon. The
fortune of the family did not recode,
Ind the son of our citizen thought
proper to renounce retail dealing,
and at the same time looked about
or a euphonious change of namo.
-Io mado no scruple of dropping
ho unuccessary h; and that being
one, it was easy to go into the
Dltic rage, which Sir Waltor Scott
nd the Lady of the Lake had just
aised to a great height ; and ho
vho had run the streets as little
(enny Halfpenny caine out at the
eveos of the day as "Kenneth Mao
lpin, the descendant of a hundred
'ho assumed name of MacAlpin
rings us to the whole order of
lacs, now spread out in all direce
ions. Mac is the Gaelic equivalent
Dr a son, and accordingly Mr. Mac
lpmn would, in an English dross, be
Ir. Alpinson. There happen to
o two distinct classes of Macs,
hose with a Highland origin, such.
s Mackay, Macpherson, Mao.
regor, Macnoil, Macfarlane, Mao
rod, and Macdonald-all great clans
1 the olden time : and the Macs of
lalloway, where Gaelic is now ex
inct, and the races are somowha6
ifferent from the Higland septs,
erhaps with a little Manx and Irish
lood in them. Among the Gallo
lay Macs are found thenames Mac
impha,; Macletchio, and MacCand-,
sh, which evidently do not sound
ith the true Highland ring. The
rish have likewise their form of ex
ression for son. They use the
ngle letter 0, as O'Connell and
1)onnell. The 0, however, signi
es grandson, as it continues to do
L the old Lowland vernacular in
cotland, where an aged woman in
amble life may be heard saying of
er grandchild, "That is my 0."
refixes or terminates for son are
>mmon among names in every
vilized country in Europe'
Many of the most notable names
England and Scotl.nd are derived
om the norman conquest. These
re commonly derived from herita
le possessions and to this day,
lough altered, bear a certain aris..
)cratic air. The changes are con
.icuous. The prefex de has been
)mmonly dropped and many names
ave been vulgarized ; as Do Vesci
eu voeole, Die lsle into Lyle and
e Vero into Weir. Do Montalt has
como Mowart, Do Montfichet sinks
to Mushot, Do Moravie into Mur
y, and Grosseteto into Grosart.
Many French names have been
Itered into their English equiva
nts. L'Oiseau became Bird; Lo
'une, Young ; Du Bois, Wood ; Lo
lane, White ; Lo Noir, Black ; Lo
[aur, Brown ; Le Roy, King ;
acroix, Cross ; Tonnelior, Cooper ;
o Maitre, Masters; Dulau, Waters;
Luvago, Savage and Wild. Some
f the Lofovros changed their name.
> the English equivalent of Smith,
was the case with the ancestor
f Sir Culling Eardley Smith, Bart.,
French refugee whose original
ame was Lefevre. Many names
'ere strangely altered in their con
3rsion from French into English.
olifemme was freely translated into
retyman ; Momerie became Mum
ecry, a common name at Dover ;
id Planche became Plank, of which
1ero are still instances at Cantor--'
uiry and Southamptop. At Oxford
1o name of Williamniso was traced
rick to Villebois ; Tailbois became
alboys ; Le Coq, Laycock ; Bou
.iier, Butcher or Boxer ; Boyor,
ower ; Bois, Boys ; Mesurier,
[easure ; Mahiou, Mayhow ; Drouet,
~rewitt ; D'Aoth, Death ; D'Orleans
orling ; Do Proux, Diprose ; Do
[oulins, M~ullins ; Pelletier, Pelter
Euyghens, Huggens or Higgins ;
rid Beaufoy, Bofy. Some other
nversion are mentioned ; such as
etellier into Taylor ; Do Laine into
>illion ; Dioudoun into Dudney ;
tonalls into Reynolds ; Savoroy
ito Savory'; and Leverau into
eover. While such havoc has been
layed in England with French
ames, a similar change, though on'
less extensive scale, has been
iade on English and Scotch names
i France-witness only Colbert, n,
iinister of Louis XIV., descendp 4
-om a Scotsman named Cuthbeit;
rad Le Brun, an eminent artist, h
prung from p~lain Mr. Brown. <Wi
iaylwvoll aff'ord to ask, "What's im
The owner of the Amongwgi'Ade
! Niagara Falls is tQ be)g9assed
thor with tihe great 'gepjuses or
reat lunatics of the a i. ''d pro.
oses to sell the Falls 'to drive
>tton mills with, aind1,Mas. written
>the Governor-- en p~l of Canada
aid Queen VictdriaaIout it.
There are . fortjve cotton fac
>ries in' Geoyg all in octive
gieration an'd "'t~aying di vidends
ither inllonry orstock.