Newspaper Page Text
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Tuesday, January 1, : 1877.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. S. REYNOLDS, Associato Editor.
The Public Debt.
We have herotoforo forborne to
take any part in tho discussion rola
ting to the public debt, becauso tho
wholo question is involved in so
much obscurity thitt the roport by
tho investigating committee is
necessary for the predication of any
definito conclusion in the matter.
But as a diversity of opinion has
arison, perliaps it may be well to
oxpress what wo tako to be tho
sentiment of most of the people.
It is this :
1. Thu honest debt of tho State
should bo paid dollar for dollar.
2. The fraudulont debt of the
State should be ropndiated dollar
In the hionest dobt we include Cho
anto-reconstruction dobtj; and anly
debt subsequently incurred, tihe
proceeds of which went to the be,o
fit of the State and not into the
pockots of thieves. Conversely, by
the term "fraudulent, debf," wo
mean not only tho conversion bonds
and Blue Ridge scrip, which rested
neither in law nor equity, but also
the debt, regularly incurred by the
spurious Radical Legislature, and
yet the proceeds of which were
fraudulently appliod, so that th(e
State and the masses derived no benv
lit whatoveor therefrom. In this
mattor we differ from the views of
The News and Courier, which are
thus expressed :
In our view, every bond and cor
tificatO of stock issued il Confor-mity
with the provisions of the Consoli,
dation Act is a binding and valid
obligation of the Stato. The objeet
of the Consolidation Act was to
make a final adjustment, or settle.
mont, of the debt then outstanding,
and it was so rogarded until the uni
wise cry for readjustment was raised
last sumnmor. As a final settlement,
the holders of State bonds and
stocks accepted the Consolidation
Act ; and the receivability of the
coupons and intorost certificates of
the Consolidation debi for taxes,
and the annual levy of a tax for the
payment of intorost, can be enforced
by procedings in the Courts. Apart
from this, tho Democratic party in
South Carolhna hais, again and again
assented to, or acquiesced in, tihe
settloement under the Consolidation
Act, and the Democratic candid-ites
could not have been elected in 187(G
0on a Republican platform, or' on a
platform with a repudiation plank
in it. Whatev~er irregularity therme
was in theo modo( of issuing liho
oriinal bonds was5, iln our1 view,
condoned by the Consolidation Act,
and by the as.ient of the peop)le to
that Act. It is understood to be
the purpose of the Commnission to
rep>ort the classes of original bonds
affected by irregularity, and to leave
it to the Legislature to say whether
such bonds shall be rejected. If
the Legislature determine to reject
them, the Consaol idation bonds or
stocks representing any of the
bonds so b)ranlded or rejectedl can be
rejected, thme argument being that if
thle original bonid was fraudnlent
tile taint of fralid attaches to it in
its very change of form. We do not
accept this conclusion, as either
necessary, legal or just.
Ally duplicate Consolidation
bonds or stocks no0w outstanding,
andl any thlat huave been forged, will
probably be east out. So far, we
have no0t heard of one such11 bond
or certificate of stock. The Con.
solidation bonlds and1( stocks funda
b)10 under the Consolidation Act,
aind issued inl strict coniformity withl
that Act, are unlquestionlably valid
Now, we hold that in consider
ing the public deb)t thme Legislature
should resolve itself into a quasi
court of equity in behalf of the do
frandled taxpayers ; and should not
suffer a mere technuical legality to
saddle a fraudulent burden on the
people. The Consolidation Act can
110 more remlove tile taint of fraud
than could the notorious Validating
Act give life to the Conversion bonds
and Bluie Ridge Sorip. And if the
people acoepted the consolidating
act, it was only as. they accepted
Chamberlain, because they thought
it was the best measure that could
bie obtained from Radicalism. At
te time, this was the reason givei
by the Democrats for their half
h~earted acceptancoe of a compromise
that placed honest obatons n .
par with fraudulent debts and scaled
them iliko, fifty por cont. It was
acknowledged at tho time that this
was gross injustico to bona /ide
creditors. Now that South Caro
lina it herself again, sh11 should
wipe out this stigma on her fair
name. Her honest debts should be
paid. The fraudulent issue should
be unearthed, even be it through
the mazes of a dozen "Consolidation
Acts." Thisi is equity, an, there
fore, substant.ial justice. The
Northern speetilators were advised
of their risk at the time. PartieshI
at home needed no warning. A
thousand other Iethods of invest
ment offered themselves. There
was no necessity for citizens of
South Carolina to purclaso bonds
issued by knaves and vagabonds, but
payable by tho bono and sinew of
the State. If their hands be burned
in Common with those of AWa1ll
Streot brokers, we are sorry. But I
they shlioulI have beell more careful
how they pulled Radical chestnuts
out, of the fire. Let them1, if they !
chooso, tako thier h!ist'ed fingers
into the courts. There shoild be
no0 balill of Gilead for them in the
SOUT t C tfRO LINA NEW."S.
LCa,cse village his sevol h1un11
dred inbiimitants, and not on
Th (-iLy counoil of Columbia
levies a tax of ten mills, and re
duces licenl;is on1 ' alf.
Tito Abbeville Jl dium says the
M1nt,im611tt Of Ie)ldiattiOn is gIowilng
iln t,hat. cot ..
It is propos.e(d to have a grand
military and civic display at Abbe
vlle on the 22d of February.
N. I. Clawson, Esq., of Yorkville,
for i my years registrair in bank
ruptcv, is dead.
'Thoro are fourteen prisoners, all
colored, ik tlie Abbevillu jail, waitt
ing trilI for their offenses agaillst
Amy Smith, a colored woman liv
ing near Upper Long Cane in Abbe
ville county, is said to be 1.50 years
Jiidge Mavkoy delivered aln eO..
quelit orat ion at, the Masonic instal
lation in Cohimbia on the 27th of
Doemnber, the subjoet beig "Wo
lanl ill M.ionry."
The delinquent tax list in Now .
berry Col nty vomllprises only seven
pIIels of land. In Riehland the
list covers over four columns of small
Mtr. John Hlolon, of Pi(ekon4, was
throw'n from his w igon on O'oneo
Miountair, and killed, on the 14th
inst The accident was caulsedl by a
TPhe Newberry D)emnocrats have
nolmnatedI George Johnostone, ai son
of' Chancellor Johns11tone, for the
Logislature. He is ai prtomiing
young lawyer. Rev. J. C. Boyd hals
booni nominated for school comins
sioner. 'VTh split in the party is
saiid to 1bo honled.
A or'iouls stabb1inrg aiffraty tookiplaoe
at Hoenea Patth on) Satturiiday be twoont
Scott, a 1roinenlflIt andi activ() Demo
erait last year. Ini the fracas Scott
wvas djiembowolod, andl( will proba
bly not rcover' from this rathier
severe test of his digestive appa
The cmmissioners1' of election of
Sumlter .have d!cideCd, fromI
secontdary oviden)Ce, t hait Johni B. ]
Johnston, Rep)ulicaLn, has been
olele~d to the House of Representa-i
tives to 1111 the vanteanley occasionedI
by tihe expulsion of his brother',i
Thonmas B. Johnston, for' refusing to
apoloigizo for his acts in the Mackey
The Spartanhurg IIera/disays that
0on last Tllhursday there was a dlifli.
culity alt the residencee of Mr. James
Drununond, in Rteidvillo township,
beOtwoon1 Mr. Drummond andl twvo of
his tenlantis, Daviud and Harrison
Vaughn, father and son, in1 which
Mr. Drumnd 01( was seriously in
jured, being severely cut inl the
breast and side by tho younger
Angus Nioholson, of Chester,
indictod for the mnur'der of James]
Ferral, in an affray in 1878, ro* j
tuned to that p)laco on the 24th<
instant, after an absence of nearly<
five years, andl surrender'ed himself <
to the shii. He flod1 inmmediate -
ly after inflicting the blow, whilch
was5 givenl with a small picco of 'fenc(o
pailing, the wounded man dying five
(lays after receiving tihe injury.
Nicholson wvas at tile time on I
about 16 years of age. The doeonso1
was regarded as a desperate negro,
and -Nioholson claims self .dofenco.
He hits been bailed by Judge Mackey
in thd m nof throo unma..d dolar
KE VS OF THE DA Y.
Tho Turks have boon defeated in
overal minor ongtageients.
Russia has ordered twelve hun
trodI Krupp field guns.
'The regular weekly failures of
avings banks are reported.
It is rumored that the Pope
vishes to make frionds with Gor
Beecher has been suod for $20,000
lamages for not completing his
'Life of Christ "
Hayes and his Cabinet are con
idering the question of recognizing
,he Diaz government in Mexico.
Fifty of the largest imanufactories
n America have already begun to
>reparo for the Paris Exposition.
Mrs. Chisholm, of the Kemper
ointy, Mississippi, tragedy, will
mvo an olico in the treasury and
-ducato her son at Washington.
The troops have had a fight with
ndians ill Arizona, defoating them
aid killing about twenty, besides
apturing a number of horses.
The case of Alonzo Dell, assistant
;ecretary of the interior vs. the New
Vork 'u for $100,000 damages,
leSilte( ill a verdict for the defend
tI The libel was that Bell en
cred his wifo under her maiden
mtne as a olerk in the department.
A duel was fought near Colum
ms, a., on the 27th, between (.
W. Guslin and W. H. Dosan, two
roung lawyers of Macon, Ga. After
Axchlallgilg two -hots w itlh pistols
.e aflair was amicably arranged.
A -eis Bucharest dispatch say.i
;to bii:Ago across the Danube at
ikopolis was totally destroyed by
.cc on Wednesday. Tho dostrue
;ion of tihe bridge at Sistova must
'ollow, iless it. be immediately re
noved. Tle weather arrested the
Russian onward movement. it
)(gins to look as if tho camp.aign
s over for tile year 1877.
Win. E. Chandler, the "Republi-,
mn Statesmai1n," who went to
Wlorida to "watch the count," has
written a letter d1enouncing ilHays
bitterly, and alleging that Sherman
id otiers pledIed support both
to Packard and Chamberlain and
[Rampton and Nicholls. Republi
ans and 'Democrats mentioned ill
Jhe letter both give it the lie. and
y that Chandler is merely trying
Ao m1ake capital so as to succeed
Wadleigh in the United States
i,n.te from New Hampshire.
The Tennessee Leislaturo having
leached no result in the settlement
f the State debt, has adjournied.
rleh Senate bill to compromise the
stat deb.ot at fifty cents on the
lollar, with graded interest at four,
'ie and six per cent., was defeaited
ni the Houso after an amnendment
~o make the inlterest four por cnf.
~or the first lifteen and six p)or cent
or' the next fifteen years--high tax
non voting against it becanso it
was not inl compIlianfce wit,h the
)rop)ositionl of thme bondholders,
xlhich was fifty cents at six por
Mr. A. Oakey Hall is dceribed
y the Bioston Hekrald as talking
hnus to its rep)orter :"After my
.ecturoe season is over--and I am
>ooked to deliver lectures through
mit tile country tile omiung winter
-I shall probably take charge of a
oew,York daily paperi as managing
3ditor. I may samy that I like the
xhilaration arising fromn the con -
ciCousness5 of thme power thlat a man
)0ssesses whol~ is ill ai position to lay
mit plns for the opetrationls of an
rble staff ot' writers for a public.
ournal, and to wvatch the effooct of
lis policy upon01 puiblic op)inion, and
mean to try it. My friends are
tverse to my going back to lawv, so
hlat I shall probably settle down
C1'rmanently to the life of a journal
st-a lifo that, more than any othcr',
ias always had a fasclination for me."
IHrs Dum.ur.-Somo (lays since a
nitizen of' Dctroit named John
Wilmncr hlad a rifle stolen from his
101us0 while the famlily were absenlt.
I2l'e wvas 110 clue to the tiif, hbut
NIoniday night of this~ week Mr.
Wihnmmer dhraed that he met the
n1un inl tile Windsor who took the
fun1. Hie sawv the thief so p)latinly
1n his dream thlat he0 immediately
wrossed the river in search of him.
Wonderful to relate, lhe met the
nan of his dream on the street, and
21( dlid not hesitate to collar him.
SIoro wvonderful to relate, the man
)roved to be a respctaiblo eitizen
>f the towvn, and, indignant at being
lalledi a' thief, he knocked the
h'oamoer (down and stopped on hliml
>roetty badly. Mr'. Wilmer is not
ntenuding to puisih a dream. book.
Wolves are beon'ing so plenftiful
mud ravenous about River Falls,
Wis., that the heaviest sheop raisers
iro selling off their stock, and either
unigrating or going out of the busi
Pay your . subscription to TaN
NIWA A14D HEI ALD.
HE DIDN'T TAKE RIi. -At a hap
py spot where a mim, .f negroes
reside, an old rog ..I beard call
ing out to hs Nvito "Manda I Is
you got (1m ebickens shut u11) in (10
smoke house, liko I told yor ?" "No;
an' Id liko to know what's do niatter
with you, dat you'r so tickler 'bout
domn chickens all at once? " she ro
plied. "Nober you mind; I know
what's do inatter, i' dat's nuft' till
dem chickens is housed. When I
hear dat dem niggers ober dar in
do next yard is gwino to 1ab a party
to-mor ow night, I wants to bo
shore my chiekons doesn't tend it."
A man from Boston would not,
confess astonishment at anything ho
saw in Nevada. As lie wias passing
a hotol in Vilginia City tihe cap
blow from the top of tho chimney.
It was a circular piece of sheet iron,
pointed black, slightly convex, and
the four supporters wore like logs.
The wind carried it down street,
and it went sraddling along like a
living thing. The Boston man
asked what it was. "A bed-bug
from the hotel," was the reply. "By
George, I never saw anything like
that-" he began, and then added,
"outside of Boston."
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF FAIRrIELD.
Court of C(onunin. Pleas.
Wmll. 11. Kerr, as Clerk of the Court of
Cominon Pleas for the County of Fair
field, Plaintiff, (tainst Martha J. Means,
Fanitio A. Me, Maria 1). Means,
Martha Means, Sarah T. Means, John
C. Means, (abrifllt Means, T. RosH
t.,berts,n and Geo. W. Williams& Co.,
To the Defundants, Maitha J. Means,
Fannit A. Means, Maria 1). Means,
Martha Means, Sarah TI. Means, John
C. Mais ('abriella Mmas. T. Ross
I:)bertson ant G,eo. v. Williams &
Y T'U aro heroby summoned and rc
quiired to answer the complaint in
this action, which is tiled in the office
of the Clerk of Comrmo Pleas, for the
said county, aid to serve a copy of your
answer to the said comlplaiit on the
subscribers at their oflice. No. 3, Law
Range. Winnsboro, S. C., within twenly
days afterthe servicm lreor. exclusive of
tho day oftsuch servico; ani if you fail to
answer the cotpliaint. within the tine
tforesaid, the plaintiff in this action will
appl.y to the Court for the relief demand
ed inl the conmplaint.
(AWAILLARtn & RWYNOLDS,
Plair tifl's Attornoys.
Filed December 31, 1877.
Win. 11. Kerr, C. C. c. P. F. C.
To the Defon(dants, -Martha J. Means,
Fannio A. Means, Maria 1). Mtuns,
Martha \i eans, Sarah T. Means, Johu
C. Means and Gabriella MeAns:
TAE NO-TICE that the summons in this
action, of waich the fortegoing is a copy,
wa%s filmd in t uc office of th-' c:erk of Court
for Fair -eld county, on the 31st day of
Decembcr, A. 1). 1877.
GAILLA It ) & 1REYNOLDS,
jan 31-xlawG6v Plaintiff's Attorneys.
T2Y virtue of' stundiry executionis to me
.1~ aircetid, I will 'dTer for satle before
the court-hgousse door ist Winnsboro, on
thte ,drst Monal;y int a.ry"ti next, with
int ti1r h'a~l ih .:s< - (t.e high -t
b der~ fir c.' A: the: de'scribecd
p,:opertfy, to wiat;
2 dozen jugs, I 2 chi . 6'. tables
hat-rac:k and jwnsh-st .5.11, 2 stove:i and
lixtures, 1 bagatelle talo and batlia, I
hilliatrd table andI 2 sets btall'.,15 pictur'
I safle andi desk, 8 demtijohns, ; 1)bs. ryn
whiskey, i htbi. corn1 whiskey, 10) gaillons
apple brandy, 10 gallIons blaie.-berry
brand y, 20 gatllons N. F. rum, .3 gallons
she.rry, 1 gallon Catawvba wine, 5 gallons
seu ppernong wine, 5t gatllonts :.tra aberry'
syrup, l'I gallons ginger brandy, 1 ie
chest aind water-cooler,. 4 dE/oen bottles
potr. 2 dozen bottles Miwaukee beer,
2 dlozIin bott.les assort.ed sauces. 5001
eigars, bar-ro f,01 ixtutrest, 1 Ohtnlietr,
2 lights, I screen, 2 window shaides, 2
lampIs, 2 carpets-all levied on as the
prope)rty of ,Jto. fl. McCar'loy, atth
suit of Nathan Bros.. R. J MeCarley,
Gleo. P. TJrigg & Co., J1. L. Winter, 1-. K.
& T1. B, ''Turber~ & Co., WV. M. 'Jacobs as
survivor, against, Jno. D. McCarley, de
S. 'W. RUFEF,
Rheriff's Offee, 13. P. C.
Wannsbtoro, H. C., 1877.
Decembler .22, 1877.
TIO InltelltOP'S 1nt1i', ManufIactur'er8.
Es TAflBMsH En 1805.
Gilmore, Smith & Co,,
SoMo[ITORs OF PATENTS AND
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Amerloan and Foreign Patente.
629 F? St., Washlngt on, D. 0.
No fees in advance, nor until a Patent is
allowed. No fcees for' making /prelimina~ry
Special attention given to Interferenne
Cases before the Patent Office, Infringe
ments Suits in thte different States, and
aill litigation appertaining to Patents or
Rend Sfam,p for Pamnple4 of aLdyj payas.
Corner of Biroad and Washtington Streets,
AUGUSTA, G 4
T AS been thorough ly renovated, re
L., modeled and newly furnished. It
is located in Jhat centre of biusinoss.
Tielegraph OfIco . in the 'Ilotol. building.
Ex press Office in the same block. Vest
Offce only one block off. All ether pub
lie conveniences close at hand.
pir' The Office of the Hotel will be
open (during the night, and guests will be
received) or called at an~ hour.
W. W, MOO E, Proprietdr,
Tates .or madna.00 pen .day.
SHERIFF'S SAL E.
BY virtue of sundry executions to
me directod, I will offer for sale,
before tho court-houso door in
Winnsboro, on the first Monday in
January noxt, and the day following,
within the legal hours of sale, for
CASH, the following describod pro,
porty, to wit :
Four bales of cotton, five hun.
dred pounds of seed cotton, more or
loss, sixty bushels of corn, more or
less, live hundred pounds of fodder,
moro or ksa, and sixty bushels of
cotton-seed, more or less, the
proporty of Thomas Richardson,
Robert Manigault and,. William
Rabb, at the suit of Mrs. M. A.
Twenty bushols of corn, and five
hundred pounds of fodder, all more
or less, the property of Thomas
Kelly, at the suit of Mrs. M. A.
Nine hundred pounda of seed cot.
ton, more or less, and small lot in
field, the property of Aquilla Har
rison, at the suit of Samuel McCor
One hundrod and thirty-fivo
bushels of corn, one thousand
pounds of fodder, two hundr'ed
pound.s of hay, and seven hundred
pounds of seed cotton, all more or
less, the property of Frank and
Lemuel Craig, at the suit of A. K.
One hundred and seventy-five
bushels of corn, and one thousand
pounds of seed cotton, alil more or
loss, the property of James W.
Stewart, at tho suit of F. Elder.
Seven hundred pounds of seed
cotton, and one thousand pounds in
field, all more or less, the property
of Frank Adatuson at the suit of
T. H. Davis.
Ono bale of cotton, three hundred
Pouuds of fodder, and six hundred
pounds in field, all more or loss,
tho property of Ned Drayton, at
the suit of J olin R. Martin.
One thousand pounds of seed cot..
ton, sixty bushels of cotton seed,
more or loss, and small lot,of tops,
and three hundred pounds of fod
der, more or lesr, the property of
Aquilla Harrison, at the suit of A.
F. Ruff as Executor.
Six bales of cotton, fifty busholn
of corn, five stacks of fo lder and
hay, the Property of King and
Simon Nelson, at the suit of Jas. P.
Fifty bushels of corn, twelve
hundred pounds of seed cotton,
three thousand pounds of fodder,
thirty-fivh bushels of cotton seod,
aNmore or less, the property of
Charles Goings, at the suit of W.
R. Doty & CJo..
S. W. BUFF,
Sheriff's Office, S. F. CI.
'Winnisboro, S. (I.,
E Decembor 22, 1877.
pY virtue of sundry executions to
.Jmed directedi, I will offer for sale
before the court-house door ' in
Winnsboro, on t.he first Monday in
January next, within the legal hours
of sale, to the highest bidder, for
c 'su, the following described prop
erty,*to wit :
Six mules, one four-horse wagon
and harness, one carriage and
harness, lot of plantation tools,
one gin and belt. seventy..
five bushels of corn, more or less,
fiftt en hundred pounds of fod
fodder, more or less, eight hundred
b)ushols of cot,ton seed, more or less,
and fivo thousand p)ounds of cotton,
more or less, in field, the property of
R. E. Ellison, jr., at the suit of
George WV. Williams & Co.
One bay horse, two cows and one
calf, the property of Mrs Rebecca
Dolleny, at the suit of R. T. Yar
borough, for another.
A.ll the right title, and interest of
John Morrison in and to the follow-.
ing property, to wit : 0 mules and
harness, 3 wagons, 1 cart, 100 pairs
shoes, 2 pairs boots, 17 pairs pants,
26 coats, 8 dozon p airs socks, 10
p airs drawers, 7 shirts, 10 boxes
Mustang Liniment, 8 vests, 125
tobacco, 12 pounds soda, 8 coffee
pots, 1 bog boxes lye, 8 bolts cloth,
3boxes unidershirts, 2 bolts cotton
goods, i box soap, i. dozen straw
hats, 80 boxes.cofllars, 8 boxes sus
penders, 1 dozen bottles castor oil,
10 bottles sweet oil, S paira blankets,4
1 bolt tieng 4-bolts sheetltg,
dozen axes,1dondipr lve
on as the property of u.Morison,
at the suit of laohel 1Engat.
8, W, 1MFF,
Sheriff's Of1cc 8, p'.
Winnsboro, S. (;
Decem~ber 22, 8~