Newspaper Page Text
RAILlOAn SomnEi)ULEs.-The follow
ing tablo shows the hours at which
the trains on the C. C. & A. R. R.
For Charlotto...........1.57, P. i.
For Augusta............4.19, r. m.
For August...........12.52, A. M.
For Charlott...........2.55, A. M.
T o the Public-G. V. DoGrnaf.
The 18eientific American-Munn
Knights of Honor-E. S. Chand
Remom bor the concert to-night,
and bo sure to attend. A rare
musical tteat may )e expected.
Transfor., of Real Estate.
Since our last report, the following
transfors of real estato have been ro
corded in the oflico of the county
S. V. Ruff, sheriff, to Susannah
A. Cook, 220 acros in township no.
13 ; consideration, $300.
- Dennis S. Rico to Henry Burkott,
540 acres in township no. 11; con
Henry Burkett to Dennis S. Rice,
certain interest in 500 acres in
township no. 11 ; consideration,
M. S. Hinnant and others to Win.
H. Abell, 102 acres in township no.
- ; consideration, 74.42
W. H. Abell to C. A. Abell, 162
acres in township no.- ; considera
S. W. Rufi, sheriff, to Jno. J. Neil,
one-fifth of an acro in tho town of
Winnsboro ; consideration, $250.
S. W. Ruff, sheriff, to W. B.
Estes, 280 acres in township no. I
S. W. Ruff. sheriff, to R. I. Jon
nin-. tind (5. E. Leitner, 388 acres
in township no.-; consideration,
S. W. Ruff, sheriff to W. B. Elkin,
trustee, 581 acres in township no.-;
S. W. Rufif, sheriff, to Jno. S.
Douglass, 470 ac:e; in township
110. 12 ; consideratimi, $6,000.
S. W. Ruff, sheriff, to Jno. S.
Douglass, 21.6 acres in township no.
12 ; considoration, $1,000.'
Martha Wilson to Margaret Hood,
89 acres in township no. 6 ; consid,~
Margaret Hood to Martha Wilson,
89 acres in township no. 6 ; consid.,
Martha Wilson to Lewis Sharpe,
36 acres in towvnship no. 6; consid
Salhlio M. Coleman to J. Hendrix
McLano, 350 acres in township no.
1 ; considerat ion, $1300.
E. WX. H-iyae1s, to I. L. Elliott,
268 acres in township no0. 9 ; consid
R. D). Asnhford to Jo hni Yanfield
54 acres in township no. 13 ; con
Charlotto M. Wells to S. M. Mc
Q-mtters, - acres in towvnship no.
3 ; conrideration, $575.
S. W. Ruff, sheriff, to R. J. Me
Carley, 85 acres in township no. 2;
Rt. J. McCauriey to Jno. C. Macko
roll, trustee, 85 acres in township
no. 2; consideration, $2200.
S. WV. Ruff, sheriff, to A.RI. Cason,
127 acres in township no 7 ; con sid
Thomaos Arledge to N. P. Myers,
122 acres in township no. 5; con -
S. M. McQuatters, Nancy E.
McQuatters and others to Charlotte
M. Wells, 40 acres in township no.
83; consideration, $142.
Charles A. Abell to John Blum,
175 acres ini township no. 8; con
S. W. Ruff, aherift;, to. George
WV. Williams, one lot in Blackstoek ;
WV. 1B. Creight to ldargaret Goings
one-half of an acre ia township no.
4 ; consideration, 75.
Pay your su scription to Thn
NawB AnoD HEBA D.
The Public School Examinations.
A docidod stop was taken to
wards insuring the success of tho
plublic school system in Fairfiold, by
the written examination, on Friday
and Saturday, of applicants for
teachor's certificates, Previous to
this year, under the slipshod mothod
that characterized all proceedings
under the school law, certificates
had boon granted very loosely, and
complaints were rife that many per
sons had been permitted to teach
who were incompotont. Stato Su
perintendent Thompson, on taking
chargo of his ofilco, dotormined
first to soo that teachers would be
paid, and socondly that none but
competont porsons should teach.
Ho attainod'his first object through
the ratification of the school amend
ment, and he has endeavored to so -
cure the other by issuing poremp
tory orders to the County Boards
of Examiners to obey the strict
letter of the law. The provision of
the law is :
"It shall be the duty of
the County Board of Examiners to
examine all candidates for the pro
fession of teacher, and to give to each
person found qualified a certificate
setting forth the branches of teach
ing-such c.camination to be re
newed every year." (Revised Stat
utes, page 247, Section 13.)
It will be seen that this requires
two things-an examination, and a
renewal of the examination every
year. No provision is niade for the
renewal of cortificates nor for ac
cepting any diploma or any certifi
cato from any other institution or
board. In addition to this Super..
intendent Thompson issued the
following instructions :
The law requires that applicants
for the position of teacher should be
examined as to their qualifications.
These examinations should be thor
ough, and I would advise that they
be conducted in writing. The
Boards of Examiners are urged to
grant no cortificates except to per
sons who, upon careful examination,
inay show proficiency in the branch
es of learning in which they are to
HUGH S. THoMPsON.
In accordance with the law and
the inatructions of the State Super
intendent, the County Board of
Fairfield gave due notice of the ex
On Friday the Board proceeded
to the Mission School-house, and
there examined a number of color
ed applicants. As most of these
had been attending school under
Mr. Richardson, the examination
was conducted by Messrs. Robert
son and Davis. As the method of
examination is new to many here,
though practised in almost all high..
er institutions nowadays, and by the
examining boards of ether States,
it will be explained. The ap)plicants
were seated at their desks, each with
pen or pencil and paper. The
questions on grammar were
first writton on the blackboard,
wi'?out previous intimation of th eir
nature, and each applicant was re
quired to wvrite out the answers, fold
his paper, sign his name, and hand it
in for inspoction and marking. A
fairer method than the written ex
amination cannot be devised. Every
applicant answers the same ques
tion. He or she is seated quietly at
a desk, with no one to interrupt, and
with an abundance of time to eel-'
leot scattered ideas or to recover
from nervousness or timidity. There
is no chance for favoritism. The
questions are written and the an,
swvers are written. They are p re,
served as vouchers, and any appli.M
cant deeming himself aggrieved in
any matter can have the questions
and his answers submitted to the
State Superintendent for a final de
After the papers in grammar had
all been handed in, an examination
in geography was similarly conduot..
ed. The applicants were not per
mitted to consult with each other, or
to refer to text.-books. The ques..
tions involved general principles
and a general knowledge of the subs
joct. The questions, were such as
are found in any textubook, being
peculiar to. none. Soucalled "catch
questions" were avoided. The ex..
amination was continned on stur.
day and Mon.day, when the other
branches woro taken up.
On Saturday, tho examination of
white applicants wias begun at Mount
Zion College, and was condtuctod
in tho same mannor as that for the
colored people. It was very grati,
fying to observe the number and
character of tho applicants. Four
or five gentlemon and twice as many
ladies, representing difforont parts
of the county, were promptly on
hand. As soon as the novelty wore
off, the candidates applied them
selves in earnost. Mr. Davis sub
mitted written questions on arith
metic, grammar and algubra, ai,d
Mr. Robertson on geography and
history. These pipers were
not all finished on Saturday, and
the applicants roturnod on Monday,
while others waitol until next Sat
urday. Of course, the quostions
woro changed each day. It
is expected that on Saturday next
there will be a still larger attond
anco, especially since the law does
not require the board to hold ox
ainiations on more than two days
each year ; and the fact that the ex
aminers devote a great deal of tmno
end labor to thisinatter without t.ny
compensation will induce them not
to have many more. Henco all
who wish to be examined had bet
ter apply next Saturday, as it is
exceedingly doubtful that the board
will appoint another day for a consid
These examinations will be pro
ductivo of much good. They will
induce applicants to prepare thom
selves, while, by throwing all the
teachers together at least once a
a year, they become the means of
forming pleasant acquaintances and
of infusing 9n esprit de corps into
the ,members of the profession.
From the manner in which they are
conducted not even the most timid
need have anything to fear, provided
they know anything about what they
wish to teach.
It is of course to be understood
that no certificate whatever can be
issued without "previous examnina
tion." No exception could be
made without destroying all that
hss been done, even if the law per
The board of examiners, assured
of the fact that they cannot please
everybody, are determined to be
abused for obedience to the law, not
for disobedience of its imperative
Applicants had better hurry up
before all the easy questions are
are exhausted and the board have
to resort to harder ones. Every
succeeding examination will obvi..
ously be more rigid than the onc
True Brotherhood Lodge, No. 344,
Knights of Honor.
IF IE regular meet lug of this Lodge will bc
11ilst. l.~i,l, I l 1 .l on FIdaly evening, thc
Mlembetrs will comoC pOeptred to pnV dcis. A
fuill and prIompit, all .tanc Is re(luest ed.
E.s8. cIIAx I>I,EI
Jan 8-4 Iteporter.
fl HERE will be an examination of
J.colored applicants for positions as
teachers on the first Friday in January,
and of white app)licants on the first
Saturday and also on the 'second Satur
day in .January. The oxamination will
be hold in the Mission School house, be
ginning at 10, a. m. Tho examination
will be partly written, part,ly oral, on
geogra>hmy, orthography, read ing, writ
lngf<nlish gritmmar,- history #af- th
United States, and for the irst grado,
algebra. The law provides (Rovisod'
Statutes, page 2-1, Soct,an 1:3.) "'It shall
be the duty of the County Board of Ex
aminers to ar.amine a!l caindidales for the
profession of teacher, and to give to each
person found qunalified a certificate set
ting for' h the brandches of teaching--suchI
ammndnat ion to be renewced every year."
Aj :licants wvill govern th onmelves ac
T. It. ROB3ERT ON,
,R, MEANS D)AVi8,
County Board of Examinenrs,
3HE prpitrof OUR HOUSE begs
tinorm his eustemera and the
public generally that he has the largest
and best stock of goods in his line in
town, consisting of :
Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s, Cognac Brandy,
Pure old Jamaica Runm, Old Pear Holland
Gin, Lynehburg Rye Whiskey, Lincoln
cunty yeWhiskey, Old Virginia XXX
Ry Wis key, Old Kentucky Bourbon,
B ythewood Pure Peach~ Brandy, 4. C.
Peach and Apple Birandy, N. 0. sweet
Mash Corn W'hiskev, Steo Mountain
Sour Mash Corn Whiskey.
G. If. Mummn & Co.'s. Champagne.
Wines, Ales, Porter and -Lager Beer.
Tern arnd Jerry, Hot Scotch &o. Fresh
Oysters and fresh N. C. Perk Sausage
always on hand. Resiectfully,
doo 15 J. udno0 LE,a.
~Y ecutomor., know that I have hnutI
-L - S0 ,, i( tyI e, <-tivalit-y auid prico;.
Till) tim., ha I l() whon tA3s).I j.g ca
the North and West.
I (o not go biaukwards, but oontiuially
now Htyli. L i tvo m t,le ro,ItxuLionl4 in prl
expense to plaeo inl your hands a pric(i list
I respotfully invito you to call and oxiv
Orders by mail will receive as much stte
It would make the list tqo Ilargo t,) diesvri
Parlor Suits, Dining Room, Olico. stand
ries, Dwarf Libraries, and Book Cases, ma
Thanking you for past favor4, I r emanin,
. No charge for drayao or paoking,
P 0 OI
WE FAVE M)
A Great Populg
X-4Etm, .EI 4oOts, j93I.c>
WE PROPOSE TO CLEAR OUI
And we are offering unparalleled baj
determined to carry none of our
WE GUARANTEE TO SELL GO(
Lower Than B
NOW, LOOK OUT
Decemiber 20, 1877.
IR. J. SicCARlLEY begs t infor mn
overy one indchted to 1im, that, as he
intends selling out, it is imperative that
all accounts be paid on or before the first
day of January, 1877. After that date
those wvho have not paid up wvill please
call at the ofice of A. M. M ickoy, in
whose hands all accounts will be placed
Boot andI Shioo Manuzfacturer
TIIE undersigned re..
sp)ectfully announeosto the
puh fFairfld that he
Shoe Manufactory to one doer below Mr.
C.Mulers. I am propared to mannfacture
'dl styles of workI inl a substantial and
* orkananliko manner,.out of the very best
materials, and at pries fully as low as the
same goods can be manufactured for at the
North or elsewvhere. I keep constantly on
hand a good Stock of Sole and Upper
Leather, Shooc Findings &o., which will be
sold at reasonable prices. iRopairing
promptly attondeld to. Terms strictly Cash.
.prDried IHides bought.
oct 12 J. CLENDINING,~
All sufferers from this disease that are anx
Celebrated nosmmuve POI 88N.heI
wi cure CONSUMPIO an d all distat
the TIHRoAT and LUNGS--indeed, so strong is
our faith in them, and also to convince yeth,a
they are noe humbug we will forward to over
ufferyra al, posi paid, a FR EE TRIA LBOx
perfectly satisfied ofotheIr curative ere.aJ
ou 1i wriydon't delafa giing
th tZ8tCana6da, by mtlo
ceipt of prico. Address, i
ASh & ROtlmINS,
400 941y MOl *ulton 44 tO rankp N. Yt
oro leil tho FURNITUREa, tWo of tho
i bo p) archiasod as chea- &onx mo as in
'Ais e tho sttn dard of my goods, and add
ii w norovor possiblo, und sparod no
iat wit I 1olp you to pitrohase goods.
nitno i y stock and prices beforo pur
ition i;s if givou in person.
bo anrd copy all Ith e differont prioos of
ing, Pa rtor and L idios' Desks, gocrota.
tiliactilvel by line.
. V. )eGRAAF,
71 and 149, BROAD STREET,
x Holi&y Sale
'OUR STO=K AT R MAITABLY
-gains in all departments. We are
present stock to the noxt season.
)DS, OF WHATEVER RIND,
efore the. Warn
EIM ER & CO,
PERMANENTLY CURED-NO HUMBUG
(le'brated Ifliibl oIT POWDER8. To con
vi nce suerer i t th Io eradO will do al
post paid a FRECE I LBX the Dr. maulr
isthe on yphysician thand has tor madew thi
thousands have been I EIIMANJfNTLY CURE
by the use of these POWDERS, we will guaran
t aino lOlucnt eo in everys cao orefund
gve teeo er ani earl trial, and be con.
1,rice for large box $8.00, or four bxes o
Lates or Canada on recept of price, or by ox.
.ASH & ROBBINS,
dee 25-17 860 Fulton aS, Brooklyn, R,. Y
Soiling at Cost.
I have a few pair dressed Buggy Shafts
Jat95ents, Buggy and Wagon Hubs
from 95 cents to $3.6 0, Buggy and Wagen
R1ijr. at $1.00 and upwards, Buggy and
Wi gon Spokos at $2..25 and upwards,
V ell iVhoels at forty eonts each, Shot
( un i from $2.00 to $18.00 each, Gun
Sow her, best, at $8.50 per keg, Muskets
at 4a4.00 each, I2nk at 5 cents per bottle,
Cedar Churns at 70 cents, Cross Cut Saws
$B.25 each,feather Dust Brushes 85 oents
to 75 cents, Handsaw 'Files 10 eaeh, Watt
Plows and points at cost, Tea Scales at
$1.00 oeh. Anything at cst. I am ex.
speeting to dispose of my stook in two or
three weeks, and persons wishing goods
will do well to got them at once. All
persons owing me must settle their ao,
counats at an early da.
Jan 1 JM. GALLOWAY,
ESTABLISH ED IN 1859.
WATOILES, Clocks a 4 Jewelry re
Vpalired, and satisfadt?on guarante
t.o verybody. te
N. 1.-All who ha a p t tho tn
ore musllt corse and twl
11 them for o6atsi.i 4a
s ept 18 .0