Newspaper Page Text
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Saturday, February 2, : 1878.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. S. REYNOLDS. Assocato Editor.
TuE UNIVERsITY BILr, Ias passed the
House, and is in the Senate.
TurH LFoisTA-ruia Is docided to
submit the vexed (jistion of the
trial justico system to the next
Legislature. It was too stipen dous
a problem for thern to deal with.
THREiPoaRT OF ThE investigating
committeo on the ponal and charit,a,
blo institutions lays baro . a vast
amount of rascality in cominection
with the managemont of the pcni
tontiary. Stolbrand, Donnis, Nash,
Hayno and Noaglo are all liablo to
be put in the penitentiary them
solves. The co.mitteo worked
earnestly and suc.ssfully. Captain
Gaillard, of this county, was chair
man, and prepared tho admirable
report presented to the Legislature.
TuHE TRADE 11EAP1.) by certain in
dividuals and papers upon the Hon.
C. G. Memminigor is uncalled for and
unjust. In the course of his speoeh
on tho University, M,[r. Memiminger
mado certain allhsions that wvro
concoived by somo to bo incallu:1
for and unkind ; but Io very prompt
ly disclaimod any intention of
Wounding the folings of or insu1lt
ing any one. This should have
boon enough. Mr. IMomminger
is a gontleman distinguislicd alike
for ability and catholicity of spirit,
a gentlomnti whoso intelloct over
stops potty geographical limits, and
soars far abovo sectional prejudicos;
and he would bo th3 last une to
indulgo in mud-throwing bet-Wout
"up-country" and 'low-country."
Wo are afraid Mr. Monuininger is a
much greator man than his ievilers
SENATOR L. Q. C. LAMAR, of Mis.
sissippi, having delivored a power
fuil speech in the Senato 1gainst the
remonetization of silver, despite the
fact that a bill wed pending in t.i
Mississippi Legislature to instruct
him to vote for that measure, the
Atlanta Constitution waxod wvroth,
and delivored itself thus :
Col. Lucius Quint us Curtius Lu
Cullus Ganyiedo Sappho Sardaiapm
luH Lamar seems to be a sort of do
bilitated statesman. He is worried
with the idoa that there are only
thirteen States in tile American
Union, and that those thirtoon States
depond on Europe for the stabili ly
of their currency. We would remind
the Senator that in tis business lhe
fails to represent Georgia, his na
tivo State, and Mississippi, tihe State
of his adoption. It is more th: ni
probable, howver, that it is his
highest cfmblitionf to u p:eostt
Mr. Lamar. This is as it .should
be, as the weekly papers01 remark. If
Lucius Quintus (iurtius Remus
Lucullus (*anymaedo Sappho Orpheus
(CapitLola Rlomuilus Sardlana[paluis
Vinegar Bitters Lamar can stand
the racket, so to speak, we are sure
his able-bodied constitLuent.s can.
PE'TER CooPERu, the octagonarian
millionaire of Newv York, whose long
life has been marked by philan
thropy and benefactions, lhas re-,
contly turned his attention to South
Carolina. He hasu recently add(ress
ed the following letter to Go-vernor
Nrv YORK, Jfanua~ry 12, 18'78.
lon. WVade Ilamnptoni, Gove'rnor
of South& (Crolina ;
DEAR SIR: Allow me to present
to you for your consideration, and
also that of your Logislatunre, the
following inquiry concerning a
donation which, upon conditions, I
m)ight make for the bonolit of the
youth of South Carolina, viz. :What
aro thoe best coniditionis on wvhich
the State of South Carolina would
accept the donation from use of a
certain prop)erty situated at Lime
stone Springs, Spartanbug county,
South Carolina, consisting of tihe
buildings andl one hundred or more
acros of laud, and make and main
tain a manual labor institution, or a
school of science and arts, applied
to the useful and nocessary puir
poses of lifer for young wYomlen
'similar to the branches and pur
suits now taught i . the Cooper
Institute, of New York." If there
be any needl of an orpihan asyluns,
this might be included Iin the gon
oral design, as there aro buildmngs
on the estate suf11cient for both~
purposes. My attention has been
directed by a friend of Southdrn
education to the great noods of the
youth of South Carolina for in
st ruction in useful arts and trades,
which, inl lly opinion, is 0110 of tho
best mctliods of socurivg tho pros-.
perity of our glorious Union of
States, which is my mrdent desire.
I am, doar sir, youtrs very r-I
No. 9 Lexington Avemo.
Goveinor imipton Is trans
mitt(ed thie proposition to the
General Assembly for action in the
premiscs. It is to be hoped that
tis mnificen,t offor will bui mot in
the most li.eural mn11nor. Tho
thainks of tho women of South
Carolina should be tendered to tho
venerablo Peter Cooper for his in,
terest inl their hehalf.
11HE STATE LEGISLATURE.
WEDNESDAY, January 30, 1878.
A message was received from tho
governor, inforilling the Senato of
the resignation of Judve P. L.
Wigrin, of the second judicial cir
Tho following )ils passed their
third reading: Bill for tihe pro
tection of landlords leasing lands
for agriculitral putpurposes bill to
repea-1 the act lititled "an1l1 act to
extend1l the limlik of tlt city of Co
hun111hin," approved4 110b:itary 2Q,
1-7640 ;1 bill f Im ulhorizo th1v 8eer.
y of at to confor with the
si :i U1,Crolina Monimcntal Asso
elto ,:111l (o( eec a spot Within11
the State 1ou4 g rullds for the
vreetion of a monlit11u.t to the
(olfederato ded:l, 'Imid inl behalf of
Ole State to autihorize the Sam ;
bill t ito auithOiz the em111ploym1ent o If
alble-bodidi nalo prisoners confined
ill jail midnor si "lnteice inl labor upon
tho public roads and upon the pub
lit tt I ects of the vities and towns,
:mt11 the cads le.mdillg thereto, of
th)is Stai; bill to establiihl a ew
judicial aid election county from
a portion () Poauffort voinity, to ho
known as Imlptonk county ; bill to
Apportion the taxes on proprty in
whic hlie t itlo or an interest therein
has been traniferred subsequient to
IMssIsMent ; joint resolution to
:m1thiLiZO and direCt tLh Sceretary
of Stato to extend the timo for pay
ment of amumit.s du upon lands
plllsed of the late Land Coim
HousE or REPRESENTATIvEs.
Soveral hills woro introduced,
re:d by title, andl properly referrod.
The bill to protecr the crops of
planuerVs an11d f.'rimers in the hands
of mni-rchaiths aid factors from
attachlnemtL and levy for debts due
by said Imlerchiaits and factors, was
roda third timew.
The bill to redne andlfix the
costs of p)lainitif's anid defendants ill
civil act ions, was discussed without
rJUasnIAv, January 31, 1878.
TPhi Honso concur'rent resolution
to go inito ani electioni of circuit
judges on1 the I.st of F1iebruiary was
talken' uip, nad after som1o debate
was mande tho spoeeial order for
Mr. Wylie then introduced a con
current resolution p)rovidmIg that
the clerks of courts iln circuits not
having judgos adjourn their courts
fronm the first to the secondl Monday
ill February-whichi was g1dopted.
Tphe bill gran~iting aidl to the Stato
Agricul urlal anld M(;cIhnicl Society
-appr))1opriat Iing $2,500 atnnuially for
the suipport of the society--was
taken up and, afteor somie debate,
passed to a third readling.
HIoUsE oF IIEPREFsENTATIvEs,
A rnmber of bills and resolutions
wer'e initrodulced, readl by title, and
A number of b)ills were received
from the Sonate with ameind moents,
which wVorO concurr'ied in by the
House. Among theso bills was the
bill to authorize the emplloymenlt of
in jail under sonitonco inl labor upon
the public roads andl streets of the
towvns andi cities of tihe State.
Tfhi bill to regulate costs in civil
actions and the fees of sheriffs,
cerks and prob~lato judges was taken
ulp, and pro~voked a very lengthy
)bbate. Mr. Verneor muoved to refer'
the bill to a spia)C:l commuittee comn
posedl of three lawyers and four
farmers. Mr. Sawvyer moved to
amiend by adding three editors and
hroe p1hysicins. His amendment
wasB rejectod, andl Mr. Verner's
mnotion adopted. The Speaker ap
plointed the special c~ontmittoe, as
follows : Lawyers-Mossrs. Vornor,
Popo~ and J. J. Hcumphill; farmors,
Messrs. E. S. Allen, W. S. Allen,
Cain and Youmans.
BRtIC-A -BRI AC.
Tf what Mr. Beecher says a, out 4
hell is true, we'vo been good all
these long years for nothing.
"Papa," said a little girl, "g v1
mo a ride on your kuceo, won't yo ."
Ho took the littlo gallop at once.
A detler advortises "Novelties i
pocket,books." Well, we shoul
like to have a little chango in ours.
The average man doesn't want
al elephant, on his haId.-/pring
field IepIublican. No ; nor on his
toes, either.--Boston Post.
A Lowville boy took a hot brick to'
bed with him to keep his -et warm.
They saved the boy and the house,
but the bed was reduced to ashes. -
Thero are upwards of 70,000
Sunday schools in the United States,
with ab'out C,000,000 scholars, of
whom 1,000,000 chow tobacco.
An Oxford (Ala.) man is so close
fisted that he will not advertiso in
the papers, but ties his card to a
pig's tail and turns the grunter
Twenty nino women were adver
tised in a recent issue of a Chicago
paper ats about to preach and con
duet religious services on tho fol
The Georgia supreme court has
decidedl that a murderer, "to be too
drunk to form the intent to kill,
must be too drunk to form the in
tent to shoot."
A physiologist estimate3 that
there are :2,400 disordrs to which
the human frame is liable, and there
are plenty of people who boliove they
have every one of them.
"acteria are the minuto animals,
so called from the rod-like ap,
plaraclve of soi of thoim, which
are now thought to be at the root of
disease as well as of putrefaction."
The .Ifackeye says the world may
never know what u1nuttorable things
a hotel waiter thinks when he folds
his arms and leans against the wall
to gaze down upon you in mournful
silence with dreamy eyes.
Spurgeon, in a recent sermon, do
plored tho prevatiling infidelity of
the age, .remarking that clergymoinl
were not afraid to profess principles
which formerly only the most daring
atheist had the temerity to avow.
Sixty-four clorgymen of the Epis
copal church d, during last year,
and of the forty-three whose ages
are given in the Churchman's Alma
nae, the averago ago was over sixty
ono ycars. This is a very respecta
The British Bible Society reports
an astonishing demand for the Biblo
among the Cossacks. Over sixty
thousand have been distributed
within the last few weeks. The
excellent linen pae mnakes theO best
of glun-wads, aind thus tihe gospel is
sp)read among the Tfurks.
Mother Goose was not horn yes
terday. "Sing a Song of Sixpence"
was sung in the sixteenth century.
"The Frog and the ons9e" w~as
licensed in 1580, and "Three Blind
Mico" belongs to the samo period.
"Pussy Cat. Pussy Cat, wvhoro have
you been ?" was a nursery rhymo in
Queen Ehizaboth's day ; "Girls and
Boys Comoe out to Play" was writ
ten in the reign of Charles II., "The
Old1 Woman Tossed in a Blanket"
was popullar inl the days of James
II., and "Little Jack Hornor" is
older than the seventeenth century.
TELE.P!oNEs AND MILITrARY OP'ERA
TIoNs.-The telephone is beingt
rapidly introduced in to the various
military (establishmnents, not only in1
the capital and its neighb)orh~ood,
but aliso everywhere in Germany.
At Dresden one of the new instru..
ments has b)een arranged between
the commandant's ofleo and tile
arsenal and barracks of rifles, about
800 yards distant. An already cx-.
isting telegraph wire is utilized,
from which wires are further led to
te]lonles in four rooms in the bar
racks. The alpparatus is reported
to act perfectly, conversations beingi
carried on without the slightest
difficulty. In Austria, also, expori
moents, the result of wvhich is stated
to have been exceedingly satisfactory,.
have been made in Vionna with tihe
telephone, and an important addhi- I
tion has been made to the instru.
mont by an American railway official<
in thte form of a bell to call attention <
to messages ab)out to he sent. At
tile same time, it is generally ad-]
nitted by military men abroadl that
much has yet to be done before the
tolephono can be considered availa
ble for practical use in the field. It
is an extremely delicate apparatus,
and any noise either at the sending
or receiving end of the wire mnd
torferes greatly with, and someotimes
altogethpr prevents, the transmuis..
sion of uilessagos by it. Time alone
wvill sho0* whlether' it will be possible
to improve it so as to render mes
sages sont by it audible amid the
nosso infatiably accompanying mill
WHAT MEN HAVE' DimD Fori..
ololnel Montgtvomilery was shot in a
luel aIout a dog ; Colonel Ram1soy
n one about a surv" ,It ; Mr. Foath..
irstone in (ne rboit a recrulit
, rne's father in one, a1bout ai
1"Jobt) ; and an1lother C gentleml.an in
mo abon it a bottle of anclovios.
io oflicer Nwas clii.onged for
neroly asking his opponlenit to pass
iii a goblet : and another was
solledto figlit about i pich of
mutY. OPead Barry wa-s chaill
enged by a Captitin Siith for do
lining wino at a dinner in a stemil
out, alth:mlghi the( Gualoral ple:utdt,
- !n excuse, that wino invariabl
Iad Itim sielk ; and Lieuiumtj;L
wIier lost his life in a duel be
cl ISo he was refused adittaico to
a lub of pigeon shooters. In 1777
a 1el oceii red in New York bo..
tw 'n a Lieutenant Featherstone
hat ylh of the 76th, and Captain
M'i. ierson, of tho 42nd British
regi ilt, ini regard to tho manner
of c ing an oar of corii, ono con
tendi g that the oiaiig was from the
cob, i id the other contonding that
the gi in should be cut ofT f'oml the
coh eforo eating. Lieutenant
Feath -stonehaitgh lost his right
arm, ti. ball from his antagonist's
pistol s. tte-ring the limb dre.tdftl
lV ; so I .eh that it had to be tii -
putated. Major Noah lost his life
in 1827, t the diielliig grounid at
Hoboken.with Bartoii the son-in
law of Oward Livingston, in a
Impl (I. Ute l'bout "what wats
tr1o11ps" i. a g;mno of catrds.
THE STA Du .lARD .as for atll
di.-eases of.l 1 hm1'gs arc Selilck's
Pubnonic 1 1r1p, Selnek's Sca
WNeedl Tonic und Scheuck's Man
drake Pills. a if taken before the
lungs are dc troyed they effect a
s-peedy ciuro. 'To the.-e mledicinles
Dr. J. Ht. He\ k, of Philaelphia,
owes his -wI success in the
treatmen. oill ntry diseases.
Tho Piihwin \-.-up ripens tho
morbid mnae :. rngs, nature
thi ows it oL: b" :4 ca-sy expectora
tion, antd the pal it has rOliel from
the prtfstrting ci. The Man
drake Pills must l Tfreely used to
cleanso and stimul ( the tomtuach
and liver ; they r ye all obstrue
tions, relx the gi blad, r and
start the bile freely, and the liver
is soon relieved. 'chienek's Sea
Weed Tonic is a gei l stimuhnt
ud alterative ; the al -di of which
it is composed mixes 'th the food
11nd prevent s Souiniig. t, assists the
dligeSLiO by toningr uphe stomuch
to a healthy condition, V that the
food and the Pulmonie -rup gYill
nike good blood; fil n the lungs
heal, and tho patient willturely get
well if Care is taken to aN id fiesh
itold. Full direction a . ompany
each preparation. All wyh'wish to
cNsrlt Dr. Schenek persoiAlly, cal
do so at his pr"incipill oflice,,corner
of Sixth and Arch Sts., Phila elphia,
Letters to the abovo a dress,
1sking adv ice, answvered 1' 'e of
Sehenck's Medicines are so by
throw .away o1liipapor. If you ijive
[10 wishi to sell it, use it in d.e
iouse. Some housekeepers prt or~
t to cloth ror' cleaning int y
trticles of furniture. For inista: -,
i, volume written by a laLdy v
pide(d herself on her experit
mnd tact stays: "After the stove ma~
)en bhlckened, it CanL te lepjt
looking very wtell for a long t noe
b.y rubbing it wvith paper' es .a y
muornig. Rlubbing wtith paper s a
nuch nicer way of keeping the it
sido of a tea kettle, coffee pot nid
lea pot bright and clean thtan ho
Aid way of washing them in s dsi.
Rubbing with paper is atlso the est
xvay of p)olishling knivGs, tinwmio ad(
1)poons; they shine like now sil er.
F~or polishi,g mi'rors, wind< vsi,
amp chinnoys, etc., paper' is be er'
lian dr'y cloth. Preserves nd
)icles kco miuch better if br1 n1
ar,instead of cloth, is tied c or
hae jar. Canined fruiit is not so p)t
o niould if a piece of writing p:a or
mit to fit the can, is laid directly mf
hc fruit. Paper is much better to
mut under a carpoet than straw. It
ii warmer, thinner and makes htas
toiso when one walks over it."
CONsUMrPTroN CIURED.--An (1d
Ahysician, re red fromi practi,
taying had lact(ed in his hands y
inl East India mliss;iolnry 1 e
ormula of a simpille v'o.tetablo rem -
ly, for te speedy and1( permine t;
mnre of consmuinption, bron~ichiit,
tatarrh, asthma, and all throat nili
ung affections, also a positive a I
eadical cure for nervous dlebii '
mdit all nervouts compnllainIts, a r'
taving tested ito 'onderful cura -e
powers int t.housan<zih; of cases, .s
felt it bia duty to mul:zi it knowi to
his suffering follon. qA t,nated lby
this motive, and a ,4 ';i:- to rol ye
human suffer'ig, 1 v, ill send, freo of
charge, to all whlo desiro it, uis
roeipo in German, French, or F g
lishi, with funl ldirections for pro r
ing and using. Sent by mail by
addressing with stamp, naming us
paper, W. WV. Sherar, 126 Pow a't
llnak Rnnohotar, N. YV w
Ec_ES FOR THE YEAR 1878.
Thor "1l b four eclipses this
1 1 nular oclipse of the sun,
Feb- Visiblo in Australia and at
the s6i Polo.
I Iartial eclipse of the moon
Feb. Visiblo in the United
Statek tho morning ; middle, at
4osto 1. 26m. ; at Now York, 6h.
20m. ; )hicago 4h. 22m.
III. .otal eclipso of the sun,
July Visiblo throughout the
Unite ites as ia partial eclipso in
the an oon. Except iii Alaska,
Utah, s and Cuba the eclipso
ill bi tail. Middle, at Boston,
5 515 at Now York, 5h. 44m.;
at Was , ton, 5h. 32m. ; at Charles.
ton, 2 8m. ; at Chicago, 8h.
IV. trtial oclipso of the moon,
Aug-. 1.isible when tho moon
rises 1Jho evening. Ends : At
Boston, 50m. ; at Now York, 81.
38m. ; *ashington, 8h. 27m. ; at
Char1left 8h. 13w. ; at Chicago,
We N oxposod last week to a
pitilessormi, that wet our foot
and sto gs, and indeed our per
SCn IIl, r. In fact we took a
crackin Id, which brought soro
throat ,overe Symptoms of fever.
Tho go ilfo asserted lior authori.
ty, plti our feet in hot wator,
wra:Plx' in hot blankets, and
sont oi thfuil son for a bottle of
AYER's ,ny PE,ORAL. It is a
8)lend' edicinc-pleasant to take,
an11d i jo). w u slept soundly
throug o iight and awoko well
the n,, lorning. Wo know we
owe o ick recovery to the Pee
toral, hall not hesitato to roe.
on1u1(- to all who need such a
medic: -.Teltuacana (Texaq)
D i) AFTk-R SEVENTEEN YEARS
SEPAi .-A romantic story is
told ebrook, Conn., of a cou
pl w re divorced in Ohio seven.
teen , ago, the husband coming
ba b with a sister in Connec
ticut. ew days ago tho wifo that
was, gin of hier husband's
whore a enio to Colebrook,
droec, efore his door, and sent
in a n ;king i' he would receivo
er. :qpond]ed by coming out
to her .opn atrms, and they
are no oying t second honey
Ds I t8e enw nWENUSDAY Af
W IN 3B101R10, S. C.
4 IY THE
IIDS 0 P fl8LISIINA0D
T" CON'If i ;U3DIARY OF THE~
LEADI' VENTs OIF TH'E DAY.
Political News, Etc
THE~ BIQ IAL DEPARTMENT
.CEI PF.CAL ATTENTION.
Tili Au COL~UM
Cc I 11 lk town and county newu
T1i.,m 1 Publi'sr is to isano
Term~ cription, payable invaria
bly in a
Orne cop >1\ ear,-----..-..-$8.00
Ono cop i~ onthas, ... - .. $1.60.
One cop ti~ t onths, -- . - $1.00.
Fi lo copi o , ar, at - - .. - $2.75.
Ten cop)l o4a , at - - - - $2.60.
'Iwenty i,k ,, year. at - - $2.50.
To over i sq akng up a- olub of
ton or in u\i bers, a copy will be
sontt free o 0 ) Thtonameos consti
tting a e ) .ee. t all be at the same
All bus;n ,omm ations should be
adressed orh .
WIrnnbd Q cupany- A