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TRI-WEEKLY EDITIONJ WINNSBORO, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1878. Ivol2o
2 CARDS15 styles ten cents, or 20 Chromo
5(;ard8 twenty cen ts. with name. J. IIUS.
TED & CO., Nassau, Now York.
3 new vocal and 2 new instrumiental pileces
Sheet Music, 10 cetis, silveror xtps.MUSI0
PUBLISillNO COMPANY, Middleboro. Mass.
PIA TC 1Retail price $900 only $260.
PIANOk Parlor Organs, orice $375
0nl $105. Paper free. D. F. 11EATTY, Wash
Ington. N. ..
50 LAiIMM a'lE CAlU with name, in
Cae, 13 cents. 25 NVIthout cnsp, 9 cents, 31).
now fun ars iI cents. OutIlts 10 cents.
F. WASI[BiUltN & CO., ,lledlelboro. Mass
NiE W OIWIANs. 1u Stops$123, I),:' P0, 12, $85, 9
$66. PIANOM retail pi ice SM-a onlly $-.1.5. Send
for conildentia cloiulars. DANIEL F. BEATTY,
Washington, N. J.
FOR A CASE OF CATARRH
That. SANDFOltD'S RADICAL CtRE
for Catarrh will not in1:,tantly r0lieve
0andi speedily curo. teference Ilenry
wells, ETiT., Wells, Fargo & Z0o., Ai
rori, N. Y.; Wm. Bowen, St.. LouIs. I
Testionials anI treatise by mllikil. I
Pric, wit., Improved I n1ha1ler. $1. Soldi
$ vrwhe're. WECKS & POTTER,
proprietors, lloftoln. Mass.
N O 1I 1'y written couire of treat
mnoit. spweedil 'elieves dyspwp
- f.a1aItall. i n:lch (isorders
eau a I by intemperanci in vat.isn , and drinking.
ETects perianein. Cures in six out of ten
cases. Course ot treatment, with mnedleiClles,
$Io-$5 whet ordered, ihe remialider when I he
patient. is 1cure, or when the value of the
treatment, is known. StaL.e cias, ineilosinEg os61c.
in all letters or liluirv relative to I he treat
meet,. 1)1. N. S'I OKER, Lock Box 1,012, Port
R kP TU F E.
Those wishlig relief and clire for Rupture
ishould conur. )r. J. A. Si1t.M\AN, 2jS Broad
way, Now York.
sell 1!)ts. for Ms new bro'c, with
plio o*:ralll! l'ikeness"s of bad cases before and([
,vai't cure. Vnw!ire of cheats who pretend to
fIrninh Or Swerm In'.% tro.t 11mit.
O'ie of i o llot:wi. a eimn clerk, now
vallin, im1self Dr. \'t. (;. CrempIen. Is Indicted
on co.ipi-i. of lMr. 8. and awalts trial for
forgerv i a mnbez.lement.
FOn PALUTICULAIs ARlnES
WV1~5 A~A AV I I
829 Broa.lway, Now York City; Chica!n,
Ml., New Orleans, La.; or Sin Francisco,
NC ORAL BAL11,
THE GREAT REMEDY FOR
<C 3l,.LMh.j,-CU C ol30cU.,
FINLAY & T O31OSPSON,
New Orleans, La., Sole Agents.
-FOR SALE BY ALL DR U GGIWS.
S Wll a Ige i l tepiel P i tAr
safe torica(t f;on cand oillu,
Rose. 2 . if erant variatles, for - 41100
Vorbenas. u10 eirot varieties, fot .r.
I s s Beddng P as sor,fr -
Uersaniumns. 10 differet vnrictie'so for 9I.AO
Toerass. 01 oeing loat-lbSsr, for .E
01nilus. all flowring tslls, for -
(Vnou,nlf'wohgbls o(arnastipus, 8 rplenditl mrrk, for - .500
Ilardl .101oring.liltErits. 6 stts. forf 1(.00
hundrod other things cheap.
An Mps: Iustraed Catalogue free to al appeau.
Alo, a nrnnimmpoe tpoc of Fruit
rubo al (sAo * Ncat uo rno,
Ro t13 pa urleo 1 .4 2rtr
Yar. 1 Croonliunmn 0 A- A
A NATIONAL STANDARD.
8000 Engravings. 1810 Pages Quarto.
10,000 Words -and Meanuings not in other
Four Pages Colored Plates. A
Whole Library i ltself.
Invaluable in any Faimi
Published by 0. & C. MERRIAM, Sprinfll
-WARMLY INDOJRSED BY
Motley, George 1i. Mash
Fitz-dreene Hlalleec, John U. Whittier,
N. P. WillIs, Jolin 0. Saxe, *
Elihu Burritt, Daniel Webster,
Rufus Chsoato, Hf. Corleridge '
Smart, Horae Aann'
More than fifty College Prosidents.*
And thle bost American and European Scholars.
Contains eoe-fit,h more rratter than any
other, the smaller typo giving much more on a
sltaIis 8000 Illustrations, nearly three times
as many as any other D)ictionary.
[ Ur LOOK at the three pictures of a SHIP,
on page 1761,--these alone Ii lustrato the mean
ing of more than 100 words and terms far bettor
than they can be defined in word(s.J
More than 80,000 copies have boon placed in
the public schools of t.hIs United States.
Rtecommeunded by 84 state ttuperintendente of
Schoola" and snore than 50 College ProsIdents.
eth0enr s.words and meanings not in
Embodies about 100 years of literary labor. is
several years later than and other large Die..
The sale of Webster's Dictionaries 18920 times
sgreat as the sale of any other series of Dic
"August 4 181?? The Dictionary used inathe
(ivrnm,n~ Printing Omice is Webster's Un
Is it not rightly claimed that Webster is
T HE ZNATIONAL 8'ARDARD.
HER OWN WORDS.
* . ALTIMON, MD., Feb. 18, 187T.
Dear Slr-Since several years I have got a sore
and very palntfu foot,. I had some ph ysicians
but they couldn't eure me. Now I heard o
your VEiETINE from a lady who was very
sick for a long time, and became all well from
your Vegot,ne, and I went and bought me one
ottio oFyour Vegetine ; and afl or I haul used
One bottle the palins left 'e, and It began to
heal, and then I bought anoter bottle, and so I
take it. yet. I thank God for this r- medy and
yourself; and wishing every sufferer may pay
attention to It. Itis a blessing for health.
MitS. C. KIIHA,B
638 West Baltinore Street.
V E GE T IN E
SAFE AND SURE,
M. I. R. STnOsS :
In 18T2 your VROBTINH was recommended to
me; and yielding to the periun-ious of a friend,
I consented to try It. At the time I was suffer
ing from general debility and nervous, prostre
tion, suptirinduced by-overwork and irregular
habits. its wonderful strengthening and cura
tUve properties seomed to affect my debilitated
system from the first dose; and under Its per
sistent use'l rapidly recovered, gaining iore
than usual health andI good feellg. sinco
then I have not hesitat.ed to give Vegetine my
most unqitlilled indorsement as being a safe,
sure and powerful agent in promoting health
and restoring the wastAd system to a new lifo
and energy. VE ETINE Is the only medicine
n use; and as long as I live I never expect to
fIn d a better.
Yours truly, W. 11. CLARK,
120 Monterey Street, Alleghany, Penn.
THE BEST SPRING MEDICINE.
Ma. H. R. STVTENs OIIAlLESTOWN.
Dear Sr--Th Is Is to certify that I have used
your "Blood Preparation" in my family for
several years, and think that for Scrofula or
Cankerous Ilumors or tLeu1at,iC A.ffeCtions It
cannot be excelled ; and as a blood puritler and
spring medicine it Is the best thing I have ever
used, and I have used almost everything. I can
cheorfully recommend it to any one In need of
such a medicine.
URS. A. A. DINSMORE,
Il 31ssell Street.
WHAT IS NEEDED.
IE. R. STEVENS, ESQ. BOsToN, Feb. 18, IS[1.
Dear fir-About one year since I found my
self in a feeble condition from general debilt.y.
VEGETINE wasstrongly recommended to ie
by a friend who had be -n benefitted by Its use.
I procured the article, and, after using overal
bottles, was restored to hea 01, and discon
tinued its use. I fee, quite coul'.dent that there
Is no medicine superior to it for thoa com
plaints for whit it Is sspoclally pra ared, and
would cheerfully r'ecomnond it to those who
feel that they need soldething to restore them
to perfect health.
U. L. i-WTIENOILL.
Firm of 8. M. llettenglll & Co.,
No. 10 State St,rcet, Boston.
ALL HAVE OBTAINED RELIEF.
SOUTH 11HRCUwe, MR., Jla.'11, 1-42
U. 1R. STIRVNNS, RiQ.
Dear Sir-I have had dysp6psta In !ti worst
form the last, ten years, and have taken laun
dreds of dollars' worth of med!cino without ,b
taining any relief. In Septoiber lnst I com
Inenced t aking the Veiretine, sInce wllc. t.ine
my health has steadily inproved. My food
digests well, and I have gained fifteen pounds
of flesh. There are several otherti in tils pliteo
taking VEOE'INE, and all have obtU.iied
relief. Yours truly
TIO1IAS I. 7JORE,
Overseer of Card Room, Portsmouth Co's Mills.
H. R. STEVENS,
Vegotine issold by all Druggists.
feb 1 -4w
Corner of Broad ar.d Wr.hington Streets,
AUGUST A, G &.
i!AS been thoroughly renovated, re
mLLnodel ed and newly furnished. It
is located in the centre of business.
Telegraph Offln in the Hlotel building.
Exparess Offlce in the same block. Post
Ofihoo only one black off. All other pub
lie conveniences close at hand.
.ai- The Omeie of the lHotel will be
open during the night, and guests will be
receiVed or called at any hour.
W. W. MOORtE, Proprietor.
Rlates of Board, $2.00 per day
R. J. McOARLEY begs to inform
every one indebted to him, that, as he
intends selling out, it Is imperative that,
all accounts be paid on or before tho first
day of January, 1877. After that date
these who have not paid upj will please
eall at the ofice of A. Mt. Mackey, in
whose hands all accounts will be placed
Selling Out at and Below cost.
BING desirous of closing my busi
neLflss,*asI inltendl to leave the State
[ offor my entire stock, consistin of
Family Groceries, Booets and Shoes, and
a fine stock of Liqutors of ? all kinda,
AT AND BELOW 008T, until February
15, unless soonet- sold out. Or, ,I will
.ell the entire business, fixtures, and
icense, on accommodating terms to a re-.
All persons i'ndebted to me will settle
up immediately antd save costs.
Jan22-ztt feb15 . Agent,
Z )dosen English To th Brushes isa
32rted to order. For *9 at the 3dru
CIVILIZATION IN ETHIO.
Lecture of Paul B. Du 0ha1u on the
Witcraft and Religion of Africa.
Mr. Paul B. Du Chaillu lectured
Friday night at Association Hall,
New York, on the "Witchcraft and
Superstitions of Africa." I am
going to take you again, said he,
into the jungle of Equatorial Africa.
Stanloy met that junglo at the hoad
waters of the Congo ; he met there
the cannibals I saw and the dwarfs
I discovered. And what a jungle:
it is ! At the end of each day's
journey I made, no negro could tell
me where that vast forest onded.
There are great dangers thero, and
Gometimes one has to fight the poo~
ple. It is not very pleasant to fight;
it was not very pleasant for Stanley
but lie had to fight or be killed.
The Doople are scattered in great
tribes, divided into clans and the
clans into families, the chiefs and
the old men making the laws.
Three institutions are everywhere
prevalent-polygamy, slavery and
wi.tchcraft. It is wonderful how
those peoplo love to get married.
They marry all the timo and never
get tired of it. 3oino of them marry
as old as eighty-five or ninety years,
just as some of us do at home, you
know. [Laughtur. I The largest
number of wive I have seen be
longing to one man was about three
hundred, and when I asked him
how many children he had, he said
between si- and eight hundred.
Two handred mora or less didn't
seem to tronble hira at all. The
wives are not slaves, but their hus
bands buy them when they are
three or four years old from their
fathers ; that is a sort of dowry.
Polygamy is also a political institu
tion. The tribes are always at war,
and hence a man tries to get as
many wivea as he can from the eur
romniding tribes, so as to ha-e
friends among them. They have a
great iohorrence of blood relation
ship aid no man is allowed to take
a wife of his ovi clan.
THEIR wITOuORArT AND CANNIBALISM.
The great curse of that country
is its superstitions, and it is very
hard to get at the bottom facts
about tlir:r religious beliei. They
have two names which represent
our ideas of God and the devil.
The devil is the source of all evil
and witchcraft. When a person is
sick he is bewitched by some one,
and t1ho sorcerer and sorceress have
to be killed. The doctors point
thoem out, and they have to swallow
poison to prove their innocehce.
Thlis poison is tihe root of a tree
called bun do, belonging to the
strychnine ord6r, but those doctors.
take it and do not die. Here, if a
man sees the new moon over his
right shoulder, or his left, it is
lucky or unlucky ; but there it is
unlucky if he sees tile now moon at
all, and on the day of the new moon
nobody dare go out of his hut. The ~
queen of witchcraft lives in the
moon, and the people of the world
are the insects on which witchcrafti
feeds, and whmen witchcraft is very1
hungry she sends the plague and
kills more people. Those wvho have ~
any Connection with the spirit in
the moon are women and must be!
in a trance. The p)eople are honestI
in thleir beliefs, but of course there I
is jugglory among them, among ~
them. Among many tribes cannm.
balism exists, but I think it is a sort
of religious feast, as they do not kill
people purposely except prisoners
of war. As among tile Indians, t
Lhey have no mercy on those taken e
in war. I made inquiries about this a
oannibalism. I wanted to know; e
which were the best eating, women, 'I
or men. They all agreed that the
women were best. They didn't tell 'i
rne anythin neow, for I know that
before. [Laughter.J Their war 'a
lauce is perfectly terrible. They a
sover themselves all over with war a
paint and with clay that has been m
saturated with the decayed flesh m
ma brains from the heads of their
lead warriors, which they always
keep in a particular house in every
village. Then they have a dance, t
md when 'morning comes each man C
muts his hand in several pIapes and I
lets the blood now into a lage -E
lQep4diph, Saud*11 vb' thema S
solves with that blood and thea go
SOME SUGGESTIONS TO MISSIONARIEs.
The most difficult thing the mis
sionaries have to do is to bring
themselves to a level of thinking
with these people. Some of these
negroes aro very fierce. They
would not be so bad if the traders
did not bring them such an amount
of spirits. It is laughable some
times to see the missionaries on the
deck of a ship and the barrels of
ruin under tie deck, both going to
the same place. They are kind to
the missionaries, but you know
when one gets a little civilized he
gets sellish, and they know that
where the missionary comes the
trader will follow, and they like,
trade. Stanley has made a great
grand journoy. If you will look at
the I-bor of 4htt mn you will see
it is perfectly marvelous. And how
quickly lie did it I He explored
the lakes discovered by Speke,
Burton, Baker and Livingstone,
followed the Congo river past any
unount of rapids, and fought his
way through to the coast. Living
stone was a great man, but his
labors were in South Africa. Stan
loy just went right through under
Lhe equator and in that deadly cli
rante where the natives had been
ipoiled and made fierce by the slave
brade. I think the journeys of
peke and Livingstone and Stanley
md Cameron are the finest journeys
hat ever were made in modern or
A WffHOLESOME LA W.
Measure that will Cause a Sentence
to Imprisonment for a Misdemeanor
to be Something More than Mere
The following is the full text of
the Act recently passed by the
begialature, providing for the work
ng of certain prisoners in chain
IN ACT to authorize able-bodied
male Prisoners confined in Jail
under Sentence to Labor upon
the Public Roads and upon the
Public Streets of the Cities and
Towns leading thereto of this
Be it enacted by the Senate and
Elouse of Representative of the
state of South Carolina, now met
tud sitting in General Assembly,
md by the authority of the same:
SECTION 1. That all able-bodied
nale prisoners now confined, or
who shall hereafter be confined, in
my of the jails of this State under
ientence, except under sentence of
leath, shall, if the presiding judge
)r trial justice so orders it, be
urned over by the sheriff of any
,ounty having such prisoners in
harge to the board of county com
nissioners, or to the mayor or
ntendant of any incorporated city
r town situated within the limits
>f said county, to work for the term
>f their sentences upon the public
oads of the county or upon the
mublic streets of said city or town
nd the roads leading thereto, in a
hain-gang, upon satisfactory as
urance being given that the said
risoners will be securely guarded
nd returned, humanely treated, and
urnished with good and wholesome
SEcTIoN 2. That such prisoners
hall not be compelled to labor be
ore the hour of sunrise or later
han tile hour of sunset, and shall
e allowed reasonable time for rest
nd meals, and shall not be requir
d to labor on Sundays or on legal
SECTION 3. That the guards and
verseers put over or in charge of
aid prisoners shall have all the
owers and authority and be sub
actod to all the responsibilities of
heriffs or constables in charge of
risoners as are now or may hiere.
fter be provided by law.
The Laurensville ilerald says
hat Mr; M. E. B3abb, clerk of the
ourt, has a little fellow hired to
tand at his door and close it after
very.one that enters or departs.
.his as no new thing. Our clerk,
faj. W. J. Aesman, has a little
mutor in constant attendance at
is door throughout the cool season,
nd he is so prompt in closing -it.
fter one that sometimes he seems
little rude to strangers who at~
ot acquainted with his energetie
l0oments.-Lexintgton .Disp atch.
Florence McCarthy sayf:if'
hought there was no helt he
ouldn't sleep a minute. 4
snt wh4 keeps yu awke,
Columbia Business Cardf,
TTEADQUARTERS for cheapest Gro
i cories and Hardware in Columbia
to be found at the old riliable house of
LORICK & LOWRANCE.
TTIX'S, Portraits, Photographs, Stere
a ILoscopes, &o. All old pictures
copied. Art Gallery Building, 124J Main
Street, Columbia, S. C Visitors are
cordially invited to call and examine.
C IlARLES ELIAS,formeirly of Camden,
has moved to Columbia, an.1 opened
a large stock, of Dry Goods and Notions,
Boots, Shoes, Trunks and Valises. Satis
R ECKLING'S GALLEHY--Opposite
the Wheeler House. Portraits,
Photographs, Ambrotypes and Perrotypes
finished in the latest style of the art;
Old plotures copied and enlarged to any
size. W. A. RECKLING, Proprietor.
IERCKS & DAVIS, importers and
D dealers in Watches, Clocks,Jowelry,
Silver and Plated Ware, House Fvrnish
ing Goods, &c. N. B. -Watches and jow
elry repaired. Columbia, S. C. oct 27-y
The Most Popular Scientiflc Paper in the
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r HE SCIENTIFIO AMERICAN is a
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The imoqt valuable practical papers,
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lar hnguago, free from technical terms,
illustrated with engravings, and so ar
ranged as to ii tere.t and inform all
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Scientific American is promotive of
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munity where it circul..tes. It should
have a placO in every family, reading
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$3.20 por year, $1.61) half year, which
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count to Clubs and Agents. Single
copies ten cents. Sold by all Neusdeal
ers. Remit by postal order to MUNN &
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TS In connection
PAT N with the Scien
tific American, Mossrs. MUNN & I o. are
olicitors of American and Foreign Pa
tents, and have the largest establiiment
in the world. Patents are vbtained on
the best terms. Models of new inven
tions and sketches examined, and advice
free. A special notice is made in the
Scientific American of all inventions
patented throuIgh this agency, with the
name and residence of the patentee.
Public attention is thus directi-d to the
merits of the new patent, and sales or in
troduction often effected.
Any person who has made a new dis
covery en invention, can ascertain, free
of charge, wvhether a patent can probably
be obtained, by writmng to the under
signed. Address for the Paper, or con
MUNN & C0,,
Brnh37 Park R~ow, New York,
Brach llcc, Corner F? andl 7th Streets,
Sjim 8..tf Washing ton, D. C.
PatS. 5iii U RS6, 1
WE CLAIM FOn TUE IMPEOVED
,The following specific point, of supe
I-Qreat mimuplcity in Con,.
3-Exceedingly Light Rain
4--Still Running. NoIseless.
a-Performns all Varieties od
O-RDeamuty of Fish asad
'I-GREAT REDU10TION IN
Single Machines sent on orders direct
~rom the Factory, written guarantee with
WHY PAY OLD PIOE8I
,'&Send-for cireulars and particulars.
The Whitney MPsg. Co.,
feb 17 Pateisoul. N 2