Newspaper Page Text
ahe metus att1 *rata.
WINNSBORO, B. C.
Baturday, February 9, 1878.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. S. REYNOLDS. Associate Editor.
Tun DEKERARA boy was not
Charlie Ross after all.
Tun Field and Fireside pro
nounces General LoDuc's attempt
to introduce tea culture in the
South an absurdity. It admits the
certainty that the toa plant will
flourish in this latitudo, but the
obstacle is the cost of labor to pro..
pare the leaves. Chinamen perform
this task at three cents a day.
Hence the absurdity of the schomo.
We are ruined by Chinoso cheap
A PATRIOTIO ENDNAVOR to reduce
the pay of members of the Legisla
ture to three dollars a day signally
failed. We opposo picayunish sala'.
ries; but if it be necessary to cut
them down to the lowest figures,
why fiot begin with the Legislature?
A member of the Legislature re
ceives for three months work almost
as much as a county auditor or
treasurer who has tenfold more
work to do.
The Judicial Muddle.
In the muddle attendant upon
the judicial election, It is just as
well to state plainly the position
occupied by Tus NHws AND HERALD.
This paper always maintained that
the viva voce mode of voting was
the simplest solution of the con
stitutional question ; both from a
legal and a political standpoint,
especially the latter; and it had
little idea that the Supreme Court
would decide otherwise. For this
reason it was one of those papers,
according to the Columbia Begister,
that pronounced unwiso the spring~
ing of the question only after a
decision had been rendered. Had
the question not been pressed, or
had the decision boon different, the
people would have boon much better
satisfied than they now are.
The dilemma now existing arises
from the circumstanco that judges
are elected for a full, instead of an
unexpired, term, and the successful
aspirants at this election will hold
for four years longer. Were it
merely a question of filling an un
expired term, this paper would
unhesitatingly urge the re- election
of all the ousted judges except one
or two, so that they might serve
their full term. It would also
press this measure now, if the late
incumbents would agree, if re
elected, to submit their claims again
to the Legislature at the end of
four years from the date of their
first election. If at the expiration
of that time they were found to be
aceptable they might be re--elected
again. But the election for a full
term causes us to look to the futuro
instead of the past. It is a 'natter
of regret that there have beon,
already, so many judicial elections,
in the fevered condition of the
people.. The improvements made
have been immense ; but the trouble
is that the people now find it hard
to separate judicial fitness from
p.olitical services.. Countless ave
nues of political preferment lie
open, without bestowing the judicial
ermine as a reward for patriotie
ser'vices by either Democrats or Re
publicans. A judge is about the
only citisen who should know no
II polities. Even, however, when
political services are taken int o
secount, the paramount question is
f tltness for the office. If this
requisite be wanting all other
claims are unworthy of considera-.
tion.. This question of fitness is'a
muatter for the Legislature to
decide. If any one is elected on
this score, no clamor can be raised ;
but if merely political services are
iynas a reason, then the Legis
lature is dispensing judgeships as
Since the re-establishmenit of the
'K practice of rotation of circuits, it is
a matter of small local concerxn to
any circuit wl?at judge is olected
from it, as each Judge holds - court
more than two years. The selec
tion of a judge of the first circuit is
of almost as much interest to the
people of Fairfield as the election
of judge of the sixth circuit, and
any position wo take is for the good
of wholo State. Let the Logisla
ture calmly think over this mattor.
Wo are glad to soo that tho Senate
refused to rush precipitatoly into
an election. It would be bettor to
postpone the whole matter till next
fall anyhow. The counties are poor,
and as the dockets have been pretty
well cleared up, they can wait till
fall for the next terms of court.
It may be a iattor of concern to I
the members of the Logislature who
pressed this question on the courts,
to feel that they are in a grave
dilemma. However they decide,
they will raise a row at home, for
public opinion, everywhere, is very
much divided. We had a heavy
enough load to carry next fall any
how, without shouldering this ad
THE S' ATE LEGISLATURE.
WEDNESDAY, February 6, 1878.
The general ordere were taken up,
and the bill to repeal an act to pro
vide for the establishment of a
school in the Stato penitentiary
passed its second reading ; also, the
bill to amend the act to enforce the
payment of the poll tax.
The bill to regulato tho sale of 2
guano and other fertilizers came up
next and evoked considerable debate
The bill was posi,oned till Febru
The election of judges was post
poned till Tuosday, February 12.
The general ordors were resumed,
and the following passod a second
reading : Bill to prevent the de
struction of bir.ds' nests; to give
the circuit courts concurrent juris
diction with any of the courts in
trials of cases of larceny ; to regu
late the manner of conducting capi
tal punishment ; to provido for the
registry of claims against the sover
al counties and to proscribe the
order of payment.
HOUsE OF REPRESENTATIVEP.
Mr. Hamilton introduced the
following concurrent resolution : I
Whereas,it is highly essential and
indispensably nceessary to good
government that the judiciary be
elevated to the highest standard of
integrity and purity, andl the judi- I
ciary of South Carolida be protect
ed and maintained unsullied, there
Resolved, That in the election fori
circuit judges thme' Gcneral Assembly I
hereby stand fimly pledged to elect I
none but able,-worthy and experi%
enced jurists to fill the vacancies a
occasioned by tho recent decision of a
the Supreme Court.
Mr. Simpson moved that the t
resolution be laid on the table. 3
The yeas and1 n ays were demanded I
andl the vote stood--yeas, 57 ; nays,
The bill in relation to t1M reduc1
tion of the salaries of cir'c 'i', judges t
next came ump for its third reading.
A motion was made to recommit
the bill to the judiciary committee. t
Mr. J. J. Hlemphill ohjected to
this. He said nlow was theovery best I
time to reduce the judges salaries ;
that there was no sense or consis, c
tency in sending the bill baLck to the i
Mr. Haskell was oposed to the 5
b)ill. He said it was an unwviso actL
en the par't of the House to reduce
the salaries ; that it was both un
just andic inconsistent, inasmuch is I
the members had refused to reduce
their owvn pay.
The bill was finally passed and
sent the Senate. (
The bill to make appropriations to r
moet the ordinary expenses of the T
State government for the fiscal year ~
commencing November 1, 1877, I
was passed to third reading.
Mark Twain has assumed the edi
torial charge of the Hartford
Courant, which he proposes to
make a semi-political, semi-hunmor
ons journal supporting Hayes' ad
ministration, and ur mging Mar'shiall ~
Jewell for United States Senator,
and himself for the next governor of
Connecticut. In answver to a ques
tion as to what would be the politics
of the CJourant under his manage.
ment, Clemens said : "Broad views,
expanive sentiments, exalted aims,
but very severe on subscribers who
don't.pay up promptly. In my new
position I shll oindeavor to sup)por't
--my most interesting family.'
"May God help us to accomplish<
o11r holy undertaking," says the
pious- Czar. Widows and orphans
don't count with Alexander when
he wantga bit ofto eior. -
We have received from the Do
?artmont of Agriculture, an inter
>sting paimphlot, the purpose of
vhich is to show that the Chinese
7ea plant could be cultivated profita
>ly in this and other Statos. Sov -
wal letto'rs disclose the fact that
juito a number of tea plants are
low growing in the open air and
loing well in South Carolina. Col.
Fmines H. Rion, of Winnsboro,
"I have no experience in the naks
ng of tea, but can certify to the
adaptability of the soil and climate
)f my section to tho growth of tho
>lant itself. I livo in Fairfield
ounty, which is a littlo north of
he contre of the State. In the fall
)f 1859 I received from the Patent
)ficc, Washington (of which the
igricultural Dtpartment is a part
mccossor), a very tiny tea-plant,
vhich I planted in my flower garden
Ls a curiosity. It has grown well,
ins always been free from any dis
ase, has had full out-door exposuro
Lud atti,ned its present height
5 feet 8 nehes) in the year 1865.
since then it has been occasionally
rimmed. The bush is like a ball
-esting on the ground, its breadth
)>jing equal to its heiglt. It is
:oltinually producing pfi-fect seeds,
vhich readily germinato and pro
hico healthy soodlings. The mods;
tre of the size of small filberts.
Chis shows that the plant finds it
;elf entirely at hon whero it is
rowing. There cannot be the
e ubt but that tho tea plant
vill flourish in South Carolina."
The plant is of slow growth, but
eaves can be picked in the third
rear ; and in the fifth year, the
rield is plentiful. The planting and
aulturo of tho tea plant is attended
vith but little trouble and oxpense :
he difficulty to be met and over
!omie is in the manipulation of the
e(Aves, required to transtmite them
nto the article of commerce that we
,all toa. Tie Chinso metiod is a
low and tedious procoss,'alling for
rreat practice, skill and patieneo.
6ankeb ingenuity -would, however,
ery soon ilNvenit a machine that
vould render the process cheap and
1t is shown by a c1.u 0 . 1.'L.
ion, that after the fiui yv..r the
ea garden would yield a net profit
)f $250 per acro annually. The
>usiness, in other wyords, would bo
nuch pleasanter and far more
>irolitable than cotton plantng.
Svory lady in the land who has a
lower-garden, should attempt the
,rowth of a tea plant. Hear what
Iiss M. C. McFall, of Anderson
-ounty, says :
"I take pleasure in informing you
hat I have a tea plant which I have
lad fifteen years, and which was
ont to me by Col. J. ID. Ashmore,
vhile he wvas in Congress. It has
omained in the gardeni whIero
t was originally planted, and hams
lad no care or cultivation. Fifty
>lants, I suppose, could have been
eset from the young seedlings
p)rung up beneath it from fallen
cods, but I was afraid to disturb
hoem. This year I have cured some of
he leaves, and will send you a samplle.
have had no one to show moI how
o0 prepare them. I have given away
yo pounds of teo, and have been
Ising it in the family all the year. The
>lant is an evergreen, and stands
110 winters perfectly well. It is
ight feet ill height, four feet in
iamUeter, and never has been pruned
Commissioner Le Due, of the Do..
martmoet of Agriculture, is very
nxious to see the experiment of tea
ulture fairly tried in South Caroli
as lie says:
"There are at present only about
,000 tea plants in the propagating
meds of the Department, and these
ro engaged ; but seeds have beeni
lid wvill be plan ted, wvhich it is ex
ected wvill produce several hlundred
houasand plants for dlistributioni
arly next sp)ring.
Applications may be made, and
orrospondenco is solicited with ag,
icultuiral associationis, wvhich will
mdortake to carry out the plans
,nd wishes of thme Department, and
>lants will be furnished such asso
iations from time to time, and as
pocdily as may be possible."
CARES OF MIsTAKEN IDENTITY.-Mjs
aken identity is a fruitful theme in
ho hands of the novelist, and here
.re three cases from Now York,
vhich may aid in thme p)roduction of
he ever ap)proaching American
movel. A son Identified a body at
he morgue as that of his father',
w'ho, however made his appearance
ftor thle coroner's inquest had beon
old, and as a prisonor, was on tihe
ye of being tried for his taking o1'.
n anot.her case tile father of a family
vas met on the street by one of his
hildren wvhile his supposed remains
vere awaiting burial at his residence.
n the courts another curious case
mame up the otheOr day. The ac
msed was, fortunately, able to prove
le was not the criminal but "sonic
thier fellow,!' and so saved hmimxsbli
CAN THIS BE TRUE?
H1iding a Minshapon son from His Birth
Until He Is Twenty-Soven.
Aom the Cincinnati (bunmercial, Jmucri 1.
One of the most remarkablo in
stances on record of parental devo
tion and of success in keeping so
cret a family aIliction may be found
in the family of a citizen who is
keCping a drinking saloon in the
western part of the city. Twenty
seven years ago ho kept a houso on
Western row. About that Limoi a
number of houses in the vicinity
were destroyed by fire in tihe night,
including his resideco. His wife,
in a delicato condition, sufferedi
much from fright, and consequently
gave birth to a monstrosity-an of'.
spring without any of ' tho better
senses of a living creature, except
that of sight-without toes or fin.
gers ; deaf, speechless, without th
least, spark of intellect or instinct.
Twenty-seven years have passed,
anld the family have kept this crea
ture in the h1ou1seh1old, Secreted in a
room, and only a few of the neigh
bors besides, who are on the most
intimate relations, have known of
its existeneo. It eats when food iH
placed in its mouth, and is kept in
i cleanly condition by the imcst con
stant caro. It is about three fcet
in length. It crawls about some,
but moves with great difliculty.
That such a creaturo has lived so
long is singular. That a family,
instoad of pl:aeill it ill some asylhlli,
has endure-i its presence in their
midst, and numtured it in assiduous
privacy through all of thesuo years is
a str.mge and "'Iecting incident of
T A JEYSNrA SIRE W.
Out in Grov Township, says the
Anoka (Minn.) Unio, there
des a nun and wife, their names wo
shall not .dise!ose, who h,mvo been
married but a few years. In these
few years they have lived together
there havo arisen differences, ani
they don1 liko each other as well as
they ought Lo. Theso differences
frequently lead to Optn-l hosti'i"ties,
and, ats neither tile one or the other
likes to givo up, they quarrel most
furiomis'y. One day ast weCk
trouble began once more, an ld re -
crimination followed recriinlation,
until the husbaind, seizing a pitebr
of milk that was S+1andin"g in close
proximit.Y, :'mlafk(d, empha'tically
lnd toueligly, "Lucy, if you do
not stop scold,lI shall certainly
empty th!e contents of this pitchcr
on you." Lucy paid no heed to the
throat, W1hen, alas 1 the contents of
the pitcher came ipon her. Of
course this made the now thorough
ly irate Lucy boiling. The hus
band then seized a pail of water
said "Lucy, if you 'Nt stop)
scolding, I s'Jall certaiv throw
this water Onl you0." .,yagi
hleedled noIt the thtreat, and receivedl
the water in consequence. This
but added insult to injury, and
Lucky waxed miore wrathmy thanI
ever. Then then hlusband caughmt up
a pil of soapsudsh and cried, "Lucy,
if you den't stop, I shall certainly
douse you with these suds." Thme
soap)suds threat also failed to have
aniy effect, and she was treated with
soapsuds. By this timue thme lady
was wet to tihe skin, andl hastily re,
treaiited to her sloop)ing n1partmen ts
to change her clothing, all the wvhile
scolding to tihe best of her ability.
The husband hanton~ed to tihe well
and drew up tw~o p)ails of wvater,
and, on returning, in formed Lucy
thlat tile cold water was for her.I
Cold water had the desired effect,
and Lucy surrendered, and now we
understand thlat all is ser.ene once
more, how long to last, no one
]lANK OF 1ENGLAND No-rES.--Few of
thle Cprsons who handie Bank of'
England notes ever thlinkc of tile
amout of Jabor' and ingonnuity thaft
is expended on their production.
These notes are made from pure
white linen cuttings, never from
rags thlat have been wvorn. They
have been manufactured for nearly
twvo hundred year's by tile same
family, the Portals, Protestant
refugees. So carefully is the paper
p)rcpared that even thte number of
dips into the pulp nmdo by each
wvorkman is registered on a diall by
miachinery, and( tihe sheets are caro
fully counted and booked to each
personf thlroughl whose hands they
pass. Tile printing is done by a
most curious process in Mr. Coo's
depar twent witlhin thme bank build
ing. There is an cia blorato ar-range
menlt for securingr that no note
shall be exactly like any other in
existence. Conseqiuen tly there
never was a duplicate of a Bank o
Englnd note, except b)y forgeryj
According ~o the Uity .Press, the
stock of paid notes of seven years
is about 94,000,000 in number, and
they fill 18,000 boxes, which, if
placed side by tiido, would reach
three miles. The notes, placed in a
pnle, would be eight miles high'; or,
if joimed end to end would form a
ribbon 15,000' miles long ; their
superflcial extent is more than that
of Hyde Park ; their original valae
'whs over $15,000,000, and their
Aeit oe 12tn.Bo tg
ALL SAME AS WIIRTf M v.--The
natives werO astolishod yestorday
by an iusual sight oin Carson
stroot. An aboriginal bcau and
bO0 woro ptromnadi1g our
thoroughfaro, attired in the latost
fashion. They were a Piute couple
The buck woro a new, shining silk
hat, a suit of black broadcloth, and
a snowy-whito shirt, and his hands
encased in a pair of light kid gloves.
The squaw was dressed in somo
nice wollon goods very fashionably
Cut. Ia dark jacket covered all over
with beads, an oh ! such a duck of a
b-mnet as mado some of her white
sistors turn groon with envy. This
couple traversed tho city arm in
arm. and, had it not boon for their
copper-colored features, might hve
been takon for some foreign "nobs."
Upon being qluastioned how he and
his mainliala came ill possesion of
their fine toggery, the buck re
plied :-All sant whito gontlemin ;
me pl ty pookr anl bit Indians."
Carson (Xev.) Appead.
In a recently publishL I work, en
titled 7Te Insurance Cyclopedia,
compiled by an Englishman, there
are some curious things set forth
which open up an unlimited field for
tho exercise of American enterprise.
It appears that in Franco peopl An
sure against floods and frosts. In
Holland .merchants insure against
the possible bankruptcy of their
customers and against trickery in
the stock market. The Chinese
insure against law suits. It is shown
that the Romans were the first to go
into the life insuranco business, and
tbo basis of their operations is still
known. Tho Rhodeans practiced
mari-i insurance. and the Spaniatrds
to-day insure for chances in the
We were exposod last week to a
Pitiless stormn, that wet our feet
a1.1 stockings, and indeed our por
son all over. In fact we took a
cracking cold, which brought sore
throat adi severe s.vuotoms of fever.
The good wife asserted her authori
ty, plunged our feet in hot water,
wrapped is in hot blaikets, and
sent our faiLhifil son for a bottle of
Aven's Cn:-:aor P.:c-onaI. It is i
splemlid mecine-pleasant to take,
and did t1he job. We slept sounldly
through the night andi awoke well
the next morning. We know wo
owe our quick recovery to the Pec
toral, and shall not hesitate to rec
ommIld it to all who need such a
Imedicine. - Tehucana ( Te'a)
A Philadelphia woman is suing a
horse railroad company for damages.
ShO was thrown down in a car by a
collision, breaking her leg. The
Compaly introduces proof that she
was not grasping the straps, or she
would not have been hurt. She
swears that her corset wvas so tight
that she could not reach up to the
Cowards will seem valiant .when
the dianger is over, but those con
stilt their reputation who try their
courage when clangor is near.
hUE undesigned~ bogs leavo to in
form his friends and customera and the
public generally that he has removed to
the commodiouis and centrally located
store formeorly occupied by James R.
Aiken, wvhoro may always be found a full
anud well selected stock of Groceries,
Provisions, Winos andi Liquors.
;.iW Highest Prices paid for Cotton.
fob 7-tf R. J. McCARLEY.
The Sinto of Sollth C2al'Olbia,
COUNTY OF FA1iuFIr.LD.
fly 0. Ri. TITOMIPHO., Ekg., Pru,'',e Judge.
WIHEREAS, George WV. C-ml hath
madlo suit to meto t: ~i. -i
letters 0f admuliniistration of the estate ant
eIl'ects of M4ary oleman, deceasod -
These are therefore to citoand adns.,nishi
all and singular the kindred and creditors
of the said Mary Colctan, deceased, that.
thley be and appear beforo mse, in thee 'ourt
of Probate, to bo held at Farli Courb
hionse, 5. (j.,on the 21st dlay of February
n,ext, aufter publication horef, at i
o'clock in the forenoon, to show causo, if
any they~ have, why the said administra
tion should not b)e granted.
Given uinder may hand, this 4th day
of February, Anne Domini 1878.
0. U. Ti QOMPSON,
feb ixIaw2 -J. P. F?.'C.
Fa~ussa Garden Seeds and Onion,,,ts
Colgate's Washing L,Soaps. The best in
Fine ton oent Cigars and the best ft
cent Cigars in town.
Just received by
jan 12 MOMASTER & BR.lICE.
E ST Dry Goods House in the South.
orderAll eres freihts ph where the
ples and Price List.
V. RIO1IARD~B & DERO.
A A1gPIia, da,