Newspaper Page Text
WINNSIHOR1O. S. C.
Saturlay, February 16, 1878.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. 8, REYNOLDS. Associato Editor.
TRE NEw YoRK I/6rn8Zd1 Washing
ton correspondent wrote, on the
9th: "The subscriptions to the now
four per cent. loan to-day wore
$145,000. These are the largest
receipts in any one day yet returned
to the loan." And yet the Jerald
and other oastorn papers would have
us believe that the Bilandiislvor bill
will utterly destroy the salo of
bonds. How is this I
The Railroad Bill.
The House consumed a large
portion of Tuesday in discussing a
bill intended to prevent unjust dis,
ariminations by common carriors.
It was opposed by Mossrs. Dargan,
Gray, Verner and Connor ; and ad
vocated by Messrs. Gaillard, Shand,
Poake, W. K. Bradley and Orr.
The advocates of the mneauro took
the ground that the State, having
granted the chartors, has the right
to regulate the railroads. This is
the proper view, and the one on
tortainod by Massachusetts, Illinois
and other Northern States, whio
the growth of monopolies had iI .
posed great burdens on the people.
The peoplo of South Carolina built
these railroads with their money
and now they have the right to
demand protection against the
speculators who control them. Wo
regret that we havo not had an
opportunity to investigate the sub
ject fully ; but wo do know that the
railroads are not the beneficent,
tonder.-hearted, accommodating car.
riors that they are represented to be
by their friends.
Some timo sirce the Columbia
.Register came to the rescue of the
Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad in the warniest manner,
making a general denial of the
charges of discrimination on the
part of that company. The 1egis
ter, in our opinion, was somewhat
hasty. It is well enough to say
that the directors are mostly na
tives, but that does not disprove
the fact that the ruling vote is held
by Northern capitalists, one of
whom, a fewv years ago, when the
T~roceedings of a stockholders'
meeting displeaned himt, quietly
walked out and took the train, lony
ing the native stockholders, diree
tors and alJ, seated without a
The capitalists w~hjo control this
road own also the Wilmington
road. Now, as this road connects
at Charlotte with hostile corpora
tions, while the Wilmington road
is but a portion of a line owned
almost continuously to the North,
it does not require much wisdom to
see that the desire of the manage
moent wonld naturally be to throw
all business on the other line, so
as to get a larger portion of money
for freights or passengers. It is
said that the route from Augusta
to New York is several hours
shorter by Charlotte than by
Wilmington, and that the schedu'e
on this road, above Columbia, is so
arranged as to kill time. Were
this r'oad under "native manage
ment" it would run the Wilmington
road ont of competition, and by
securing all the travel, secure all
the money, instead of coming in for
the small slice of the divide.
Again, everybody knows that the
track from Columbia to Augusta is
owned by this road, and that the
Wilmington roadl ends in Columbia.
Yet, weo are informed that some
time since, trains from Augusta
went through to Wilmington, wvhile
passengers via Charlotte had to
changeocars at Columbia, the object
being to force travel to the Wil,~
mington road. A cool pr1oceeding,
to cut a railroad in half and use one
part to prevent travel on the other I
We hear that Colonel Palmer pro .
tested against this and had it
stopped. But this showvs the
animue of the benevolent Northern
gentlemen who "have inv'ested large
sums for the' developement of the
In tho matter of freight the
discrimination is worse. Som4
time back a stockholder, oven ot
this road, was not permitted t(
ship a car load of cotton t
Charleston via the South Carolim
Railroad at any price, while th<
rate charged to Columbia was the
same as to points much farthei
remote. A merchant in Chostei
could get a bag of coffee from Co
lumbia for half the freight th(
Winnsboro merchant paid. Thi
discrimination extended over the
whole list of freights. It is even
said that the so-called Southerr
Security Company had agents ir
the North whose business was tc
divert freight and travel to the
other line. All of which tend4
greatly to build up and develope
the Charlotte road I
It is a.poor defence to claim that
rates now are less than in the times
of former management of the road.
This may.or may not be true; but
if it is, two wrongs do not make a
right. By the discrimination on
this road, business has boon taken
to Chester and Columbia from all
intermediate points, and the great
ost stagnation prevails. Only two
remedies can be applied-either to
build another road, which would be
an oxpense, or to regulate the
railroads by law. The latter is
In conclusion, we do not mean to
say that the Charlotte, Columbia
ind Augusta Railroad is any worse
than its competing lines. The
South Carolina and the Greenville
road and all others exhibit the
same characteristics. All need
regulating badly. Wo do not be,
lievo in special logislation. One
3omprehensive act embracing all
railroads in its provisions should
bo passed. If the present man
tgement cannot run the roads then
let them turn them over to others to
bry. We hope the Legislaturo will
regulato the railroads.
THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
WEDNESDAY, February 13, 1878.
A few bills and resolutions were
introduced and properly referred.
A concurrent resolution was re*
ceived from the House removing the
obligation of secrecy from the mem -
hrs of the investiga.ing committee
and witnesses, so far as the same
relates to charges against and tes
timony taken affecting any persons
who have heretofore held the office
of circuit judge in this State. The
yeas andl nays were ordered and the
resolution was adopted by yeas 20,
Thue House bill to reduce the sal
ary of circuit judges from $3,500
to $3,000 was defeated by a vote
of 10 to 10.
A large number of bills, of local
or~ limited interest only, were read
a second time and ordered for a
HOUsE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
A few bills and resolutions wore
introduced, read by title, and prop
Mr. Gray introduced a concurrent
resolution that the obligation of
secrecy on the~ part of the joint in
vest igating committee on public
frauds, &c., and of the witnesses
examined before them, be removed,
so far as it relates to any charg'o
made or taken before them concern
ing the conduct of any person or
persons who have been heretofore
filling the position of circuit judge.
A motion to lay on the table was
lost, and the resolution adopted by
a large vote.
The bill to prevent common car
riers from making unjust discrimi
nations came up as a sp~ecial order.
After some debate, a motion to re
commit the bill to the committee
on railroads was lost by a vote of
77 to 24. T1he bill was then passed
to a third reading by a vote of 74
Mr. Gaillard, of Fairfield, moved
that the vote whereb~y the resolu
Lion (of Mr', Gray) removing the
seal of secrecy from members of
the investigating committee in re
gard to all matters pertaining to
circuit judges was adopted be re
considered, so that several members
who wore absent when the vote was
taken might have an opportunity of
expressing themselves on the sub
ject. This motion was tabled by a
vote of 51 to 50, the resolution hayv,
ing been sent to the Senate and
adopted by that body.
A number of bills were read a
third time and sent to the Senate.
TaRnsDAI, February 14, 1878.
The' hair annnnceA tha he had
receivel the following coflmlica
tion, which was read and received
COLUMBIA, S. C., Feb. 14, 1878.
Hion. W. D. Simpson, President
of the &nate ;
Sin: Referring to my recent
letter to you requesting an investi
gation of certain charges made
against me on the floor of the Son-I
ate, I beg to state that I have
learned from the reported proceed
ings of the Senate that the subject I
of investigating charges of- that 3
character has been referred to the
Judiciary Committee, and that body I
has reported that the Senate cannot
properly enter upon the examiina- 1
tion of charges of official miscon I
duct affecting an officer liable to I
The object of this communication
grows out of the reference in the re.
port of the Judiciary Committee to
the possession by that committee of
the names of certain persons
alleged to possess information re
specting the matter of said charges.
I would most respectfully request
that such action of the Senate be r
taken as to bring before that body I
such information as the Judiciary
Committee may havo obtained in a
the premises, including the names
of all parties alleged to possess in- 1
formation on the subject, to the N
end that such information may be
accessible in the event of an inves- a
tigation being instituted in the e
proper jurisdiction. Very resyect- t
fully, A. J. WILLARD. %
A number of bills were intro- (
duced, and properly referred. V
The Senate repaired to the hail c
of the House, to take part in the
election of judges. r
On the return of the Senate to (
its chamber, a motion to hold a t
night session was put and lost.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
A numbor of bills and resolutions I
were introduced, read by title, and
The following message was re- A
ceived from the governor : 7
EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, 0
COLUMBIA, FEBRUARY 14, 1878.
GENTLEMEN OF TlE HOUsE OF
REPRESENTATIVES : I respectfully re- a
turn to your honorable body, with..
out my approval, "An act to au- V
thorize the employment of able, d
bodied male prisoners confined in 0
jail under sentence to labor upon 0
the public roads and upon the I
publiestreets of the towns and cities, o
and the roads leading thereto of this e
State." In my judgment, by being I
ex post facto in its provisions, it n
places dangerous power in the
hands of the Trial Justices, and it "
would, if it became a law, be pro- C
ductive of great wvrong and injury H
to our' people. These views are t
submitted wvith great deference, and b~
only from an imperative sense h
of duty on my part. I
WADE HAMProN, Governor. O
Pending the discussion of the
question, "Shall the bill pass, the q
veto of the governor to the con
trary notwitostanding ?" the Senate
appeared, and the joint assembly
proceeded to the election of circut
All the nominees of the Demo.C
cratic caucus were of course elected. 6
On the reassembling of the House,d
the question came upl on the gov e
ernor's veto. The bill wvas passed *
over the veto b~y a vote of 102 to 10.
The bill to authorize the adjutant
general to purchase the guns of
the Columbia Flying Artillery was
A resolution was adopted, that the e
General Assembly adjourn Bine die
on the 28th of February. p
The bill to repeal the act estab- ji
lishmng the State Orphan Asylum a
CONSUMPTION CURED. -An old ~
physician, retired from practice, ti
having had placed in his hands by ~
an East India missionary the A
formula of a simple vegetable reme- g
dy, for the speedy and permanent ai
cure of consumption, bronchitis, ri
catarrh, asthma, and all throat and y
lung affections, also a positive and o
radical cure for nervous debility i
and all nervous complaints, after j
having tested its wonderful curative
powers in thousands of cases, has
fel tit his duty to make it known to P
his suffering fellows. Actuated by e
this motive, and a desire to relieve
human suffering, I will send, free of b
charge, to all who desire it, this
recipe in German, French, or Eng- b
lish, with full directions for prepar
ing and using. Sent by mail by 9'
addressing with- stiemp, naming this J'
paper, W. WV. Shoxgar, 126 Powers's *
Block, Rochestgr, N. Y. *4w.
The ladie~ ae all opposed to the t
telephone,' .hy don t care to have b
a young ~ol* ispering in their
ears w~ i konth twenty miles
So Upol.e very correct;:
oeldsove any fault : a
i e theynee amutor
THE DEMOCRATIC CAUCUS
k Harmonious Meeting--The Unity o
the Democracy Preserved--Two o
the Late Incumbents Nominated.
The Columbia Register of th
L4th inst. gives the following ac
sount of the Democratic caucus hek
o nominate candidates for th<
racant judgeships :
Hon. S. S. Crittenden was callet
o the chair, and Charles Petty
?sq., appointed secretary.
After an address from the chair
lie caucus proceeded to business.
The first proposition was in th
imture of a preamble and resolutior
)y Senator Lipscomb, of Newberry
o the general effect that no persoi
hould be nominated for the office o
,ircuit judge except a straightout
mncompromising Democrat. Thii
aused considerable debate, and wai
inally defeated by a large vote
Phercupon Senator Limpscomb am
Iepresontat:-- L. W. Youmans, o
3arnwell, retA from the caucui
Hon. C. G. .. ninger offered r
esolution that all the former incun
lents, except Wiggin, be re--elet
d to their positions, with the un
lerstanding that they tender theii
esignations, to take effect. at th<
xpiration of their unexpired term
rhich was also rejected.
The customary resolution waE
dopted, binding all membe.zs pres
nt to sustaiD the nominations, ani
ben the contest was fairly entered
rith the racers all on the track
)ne hundred and eighteen memberi
rore present-sixty necessary to a
The circuits were taken up ir
egular order, beginning with the
lbarleston circuit, and the vote wa
itken viva voce. On the first ballot
Ion. B. C. Pressly, of Charleston
ras chosen as the nominee. Tli
ote stood as follows: B. C.
"ressly 71 ; S. Dibble, 26 ; T. M
For the second circuit, there was
iso a single ballot, in which Hon
,. P. Aldrich, of Barnwell, receivec
9 votes, and Colonel Wm. Elliott
f Beaufort, 25 votes.
For the third circuit, Ion. A. J.
haw was unanimously chosen b3
For the fourth circuit, therc
,ere several ballots, which were
ivided between Hon. J. H. Hudson,
f Marlboro, Colonel J. G. Blue,
f Marion, Hon. A. C. Spain, o
)arlington, General W. W. Harllee,
f Marion, and Judge C. P. Towns.
nd. On the fourth ballot, Col,
[udson was selected as the nomi
ce, receiving 78 votes.
For the sixth circuit, the contest
as between Judge T. J. Mackey, of
hester, and Hon. I. D. Withor
poon, of York. On the first ballol
io.ro was a tie, and on the third~
allot the vote stood as follows:
lackey, 60; Witherspoon, 45. Judge
lackey was declared the nominee
f the caucus.
For the eighth circuit, the 'battle
'as drawn between Judge Thomp.
n H. Cooke, of Greenville, and
[on. Thomas Thomson, of Abbe
ille. The voting wvas as follows:
'irst ballot-Thomson 54 ; Cooke,
2. Second ballot-Thomison, 56;
looke, 48. Third ballot-Thomson,
2 ; Cooke, 42. Col. Thomsoh was
oclared the nominee for the oighth
ircuit, and the caucus immediatel3
AN IMIPORT4ANT ACT.
The following Act, which has just
ocome alaw, nmakos some important
.snges in the dutieq of some of our
uiblic oflcers. It will be seen that
idges of probate will hereafter sel]
1l property ordered to be sold by
2e probate court, instead of the
SEcTION 1. E> it enacted by the
enate and Hc Representan
yes of the Stt; ~ th Carolina,
aw met and og in General
sembly, and by the authority of
io same : That ani Act to alter and
nend an Act entitled "An Act to
vise, simplify and abridge tho
les, practice, pleadings and forms
courts in this State," approved
[arch 13th, 1872, be, and the same
SECTION 2. That on and after the
rssage of this Act all sales of real
state or pe~tsonal property under
ie order of the probate court shall
a made by the judge of probate;
ad all sales under the order of
ie court where the title is to boj. g a.
y the clerk of the court, shall be
lade by the clerk, and all other
idicial sales shall be made by the
Iierff as now provided by law :
"rovided, Nothing herein contain
d shall affect the sales under exe
utions issued out of the courts of
rial justices, or those to be made
y executors or administrators.
Approved Feb. 2, 1878.
A sharp decline has occurred ix
be pew rents of fashionable church.
a in New York. One church thai
ecently gathered $80,000 p or an.
urn from this source now fiKe I
liffionl to col1ect $15,0n00.
Tux STANDARD REMEDIMs for all
diseases of the lungs are Schenck's
f Pulmonic Syrup, Schenck's Sea
Wood Tonic, and Schenck's Man
drake Pills, and if taken before the
lungs are destroyed they effect a
speedy oure. To these medicines
I Dr. J. H. Schenck, of Philadelphia,
owes his unrivalled success in the
treatment of pulmonary diseases.
The Puhnonic Syrup ripens the
morbid matter in the lungs, nature
throws it off by an easy expectora
tion, and the patient has reliet from
the prostrating cough. The Man
drake Pills must be froely used to
3cleanse and istimulate th.-e somiach
and liver; they removo il obstrue
tions, relax the gall bhtdder and
start the bilo freely, and the liver
is soon relieved. Schenek's Sea
Weed Tonic is a gentle stimulant
and alterative: the alkali of which
it is composed mixes with the food
and prevents gouring. It assists the
digestion by toning up the stomach
to a healthy condition, so that the i
food and the Pulmonic Syrup will
make good blood; then the lungs
heal, and the patient will surely get
well if care is taken to avoid fresh
cold. Full direction3 accompany
each preparation. All who wish to
consult Dr. Schenck personally, can
do so at his principal office, corner
of Sixth and Arch Sts., Philadelphia,
Letters to the above address,
asking advice, answered free of
Schenck's Medicines are sold by
IN ORDER TO MAKE EXTEN
sive changes in our store, and to
got money to pay our debts, we
ofler goods LOWER than they can
be bought anywhere in the State.
LOOK AT THIS!
The very best Calicoes, 6j ets.
Kentucky Jeans, from 12j ets. up.
Lace Handkerchiefs, 25 to 35 ets.,
cost 75 cts.
Plain Handkerchiefs, 8 cts., up.
Boulevard Skirts, $1.00, good--cosh
India Rubber Shoes, Ladies', 60 cts.
" " " Men's, 75 ets.
Other Shoes equally low.' Clothing
and Hats at and under cost.
We give this, so that you enn nloe
for yourselves the cost of goodls.
All goods not closed out by
Saturday, the 24th, will be sold at
Egg ?Iogg for Christmas
rp HE nndernigned rer,poct6uhly ealla
* . the attention of the ei U ene of Fair
field to the fact that he hos a fudl stock of
the nutest LIQUORSJ ad WVINES in the
Bodro, and guarantees its pari~ in every
instance. In his aook. r e foijow-.
)upuy, Otard A ("o Oognac Brandy,
OI geun-Jmac ltum,genuine 1 88
Rye Wh ey geun ikerboeker
Ryo W hiekey, gennel-' N. 0. pple
Branidyngenuies N.. Sweet Mash Com
Whisey,. gen vine Rione Mountain Sour
Mash Con Whiskey, genuinge Bauche,
Fil C0o., Champagne, flne Pale Table
he;andao full-stook -of - a Donhao
IAquos, WA.nes, MAl. Oiue, 5obesse,
e 0 . W .H A n II GH T .
BEST Dry Goods Heuse in the South
All express freight. pid where the
order is $10.00. Writ aostal fo.
ples andc Prie List.