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lion at its market price, thus turning
the profit arising into the treasury
instead of letting it go to private
persons. It also provides a
commission to confer with the
European nations that havea double
standard, to see whether a definite
ratio of value between the two
metals can be agreed upon. It pro-.
vides also that the holders of silver
coin may deposit in sums of not less
than ten dollars in the United States
treasury, and may receive instead
certificates receivable for customs,
taxes and public dues. This pro
vision is an amendment of the House
bill whieb allowed the holders of un
coined silver to deposit it in the
treasury and receive certificates, and
which therefore allowed the profits
arising from the depreciation of sil
ver to go to private citizens, instead
of to the government, as is provided
in the Senate bill. These amend.
monts remove the most objection
able features of - the House bill. It
was preposterous to allow private
individuals to carry ninety-two cents
worth of silver to the mint and have
it stamped as a dollar. But if the
government brings ninety-two cents
worth of silver and coins the dollar,
the profits go into the public treasu
ry. 1 ' believe, with the advocates of
the #and bill, that remonetization
will cause silver to appreciate rapid
ly in value, and that this margin of
sight cents will soon b0 materially
diminishod. At the same time we
would rather have the dollar of
increased weight. The trade dollar
-ontains 420 grains. Senator Blaine
reconmends a dollar of 425 grains,
whilo Senator Eaton -thinks 450
;rains, at lotst, necessary to bring
silvor to par with gold. And yet
the proposed dollar of 412J grains
is 'licavier than the corresponding
silver coins of France, Spain and
Ather European nations, where the
two metals circulate at par.
TIUE STATE LEGISLATURE.
MONDAY, February 18, 1878.
Messrs. McCall, Lipscomb and
Counts wore appointed on the part
of the Senate upon the joint com
mitteo to redistrict the State.
The bill to declare the law
respacting the powers and duties
of circuit judgos of this State
without the limits of the ,circuits in
which they reside, was read a third
The bill to reimburse Richland
county for expenses incurred in the
Stato, trials passed its third reading
anmd was ordered to be enrolled.
Tlh~e bill to regulate the sale of
guano and other fertilizers passed
The bill for the prevention of
cruelty to animals received a -third
The bill to amend the criminal
law, providing for the punishment of]
burglary, arson and rape with death,
was next taken up, and Mr. Taft
moved1 to strike out the enacting
clause. This motion was lost, and
an amendmn nt in sorted wvhich
allows a mitigation of tihe punish
mont upon a recomnmndation of
Hbo majority of the jury. The bill
fmnally passed with a number of
notice~s given of amendments on its
HOUSE OF REPEsENTATIVES.
A number of bills were reported
back by committees, and laid over
for future considt ration.
A number of hills were received
from the Senate and read a first
Thbe bill to apportion the taxes
on property in which the title or
an inte rest has been transferred
subsequent t~o assessment wvas
read a third time.
A large number of bills, mostly
of local or limited interest, were
read a third time.
Mr. R. RI. Hemiphill moved to
reconsider the vote by which a bill
to repeal an act to establish a State
police passed a third reading. He
said that it would be an encroach
mont upon the authority of the
executive department, and that
ertain p)ortions of the State are
still in need of the State police. The
Speaker then put the mnotion, and
the question was decided in the
T UESDAY, February 19, 1878.
Mr. Myers submitted the protest
of himself and Mr. Taft against the
passage of the bill to amend the
onmmial law of this State, and
asked that it be spread upon the
j ournal.' -..r -he
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Thursday, February 21, 1878.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. S. REYNOLDS. Associato Editor.
SENATOR BUTLER paired with Pat
terson on the silver bill. Senator
Butler wauted more gold, and Pat
terson wanted inoro silvor-or any
thing else he could lay his hands on.
AFrER ALT. TIft BLUSTER it is
thought that England and Russia,
will agree not to fight. They
would much rather divide Turkey
between them than to fight. over
GOVERNOR HOLLIDAY, Of Virginia,
sets an example of reform in ask
ing to have his salary diminished by
a thousand dollars. As the consti -
tution forbids this, he has been
suffered to pay his secretary out of
his own pocket.
A BLL HAS DEEN introduced in the
Legislature to prevent members,
judges and other oflicials from ac
copting free passes on railroads. As
legislators receive ton cents mileage
from the State, the passago of such
a bill, or the docking of the mileage
would not ba inappropriate.
Mn. R. LOVATT FRASER has retired
from the editorial dopartment of the
Georgetown Times, and that paper
has been consolidated with the
Comet and Newos, under the namo
of the "omet and Times, with Mr.
Moses L. Dorroll as editor. To the
outgoing editor and the now man.
agement we tender our best wishes.
THERE IS A PROSPECT of peace at
last in Cuba. The i isurgents. after
holding out for years, appear at last
to be on their last legs, and a
promise of immunity by King Al
phonso would doubtless bing them
back to allegiance. In these matter
of fact-days heroism counts for
nothing. Providence invariably sides
with the heaviest artillery and the
TIHE NAME OF Col. James H. Rion
has been mentioned in connection
with the commission soon to be
chosen by the Legislaturo to codify
the statutes of the State. No
better selection couldl possibly be
mlade. Fanriliar, through long ex..
poericee and close studly, with the
laws of the State, of a clear, strong
and systematic minid, Colonel Rion
would do honor alike to himself, to
the legal profession and to the
State, as one of the commission on
codifiegation. We trust he will be
The Powers of Judges.
The Legislature has passed an act
defining the duaties and powers of
circuit judges. It providles that any
judge while holding court in anoth
or circuit can also hear motions and
causes in chambers as if he were
judge of the circuit, while the judge~
of the circuit has the power at all
ii times to perform the functions of his
office, except to hold( court when
another judge has been appointed
bly the chief justice under the rule
of rotation. It provides also that no
extra term of the circuit co,..rt shall
be ordered except by the judge at
t'ie time holding the circuit court of
the county for which the extra term
may be ordered, and such extra
term shall be held only by tihe judge
ordering the same, and no cause
shall be hoard at an extra term
which has not been docketed at a
preceding regular term. This law
strips the circuit judge of a consid
erable portion of tihe power he has
heretofore enjoyed in his circuit,
and yet at the same time allowvs in
creased opportunity for havingI
motionsa heard at chambers, as these
can be argued either before the
judge of the circuit or before the
judge temporarily holding cour.
The Silver BIll,
The silver bill, wvhich passed the
Senate by a vote of 48 to 21, pro
vides that between two mil,
ion and four million silver dol
AP of 412* grains weight shall
be enivied mbonthly by the Aovern
corporation of towns and villages
within this State and for the gov
ernment of the same passed, witl
amendments recommended by th4
committee, and by striking out th4
clause allowing town counils t(
impose a license tax upon itinerani
A large number of bills, of loca:
or limited iiAtorest only, were read 9
The following passed their second
reading: Bill to provide for the
protection and preservation o
game, fish and oysters in this State
bill to exempt the fair grounds and
buildings thereon from taxation
bill to amend section 330 of th(
code of procedure in relation to the
co sts of plaintiffs; bill to preveni
the sale of spirituous liquors withir
one mile of any church, school oi
college in this State, villages, townt
and cities excepted.
HOUsE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
A few bills and joint resolutions
were introduced, read by title, and
Mr. Austin, in behalf of the com
mittee on engrossed bills, sub.
mitted as properly engrossed for a
third reading a bill to prevent
unjust discriminations by common
A motion was made that the bill
be recommitted, but this was lost,
and the bill was passed and sent to
Mr. Memminger offered the fol
lowing resolution, which was order -
ed to be placed on the calendar for
consideration in connection -with
the bond report:
SECTION 1. Be it reolvec by the
Senate and House of Representa..
tives of the State of South Carolina,
now met and sitting in General
Assembly, and by the authority of
the same, That it is inexpedient to
diisturb the adjustment of the in
dlebtedness of the State made by
the act to reduce the volume of the
public debt, and to p)rovide for the
payment of the same, approved
December 22, in the year 1873.
SEC. 2. The proper officers of the
tate are hereby directed to com
plete the said adjustment.
A large number of bills, of local
>r limited interest only, were read a
A RoMANTIc INCIDENT.-Miss F.111
na Davenport, an attractive young
Virginia lady was recently tried in
;he United States Court, at Rich
nond, Va. She was charged with
bstracting a valuable silk dress
tnd two valuable packAiies of jewel
'y from the mail while acting as
leputy postmaster at Goochland,
ast Christmas. She is of good
amily and very pretty, and there
was, verny naturally, much sympathy
nanifested by the crowd assembled
n the court-room. It seems that
xer lover wvas in the court-room,
mud that he wvas armnedl with. a pis
~ol, with which to blow out his
>ains should the sentence be the
tAlbany penitentiary. But when
:he clerk said, "What say you,
guilty or not guilty ?" the fair pris
ner replied, with a tremulous voice,
'Guilty 1" Then there was a scene.
With the word guilty Miss Daven
port shrieked, threwv up her hands,
mnd fell back into the arms of her
atalwart betrothed. The .jury were
noved to tears, and the judge hid
2us face in his handkerchief. It was
aalf an hour beforo the lady revived.
V'ho court imposed a fine of one
undred dollars, then she fainted
ingain, and the court adjourned.
Mtiss Davenport and her lover re
burned to Goochland the same even.
ng, where they were immediately
Peru is solid on the silver ques
tion. The mines which Henry
HIeiggs used to tunnel have yielded
livo hundred million. dollars wvorth
>f that valuable ore. This is what
the Poruvians claim, but. still that
nay be only Peruvian bark.
MOUNT ZION INSTITUTE.
URING thecontinuanee of the grad.
LIed school in connection with Moetini
Zion, students in thie Ancient and
Nldern Languages Higher Mathematici
1nd the 8cienesa will be0 received int'
the Institute upon the payment no
B2.50 per scholastig month of four wee.'in
B. M.EANS DAV:IH,
Sob T-t'utt Paie1a.
Egg r'ogq for Christmas
3HME uderigrned respeetfully calle
Ithe attention of the citizens of Fair
fiela to the fact that ho has a full stock 01
the fnes6 LIQUORS and WINES in th<
Boro, and guaranteen its purity in overy
instance. In his stock are the follow
Dupuy, Otard & Co, Cognac Brandy
Old genuineJaManica Rutn, genuine 186
Cabinet .Syo, genuit a '1-88, Roanook<
Rye Whiskey, genuine Kniekerbeke:
Rye Whiskey, genuino N. C. Appl<
Brandy. geuine N. 0. Sweet Mash Cor
Whil-key, gen tt. eRtone Mountain Seu
Mas) (Jorn Whiskey, genutne Blauche
ils & Co., Chamipagne, fine Pale Tabi
Sherry; and a fuji etook. of all Dbometi
Liqnors, Wines, Ales, Oigaae, Tobaepo
To Inventors and Manufacturer
Gilmore, Smith & Co.
SOLICITORS OF PATENT8 AND
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Amerloan and Foreign Patent;.
629 F St., Washington, D. U.
o coa i n advance, nor until a Pate nt i
allowed. Kofeesfor making preliniiary
Special attention given to Interferene
Cases before the Patent Office, Infring,
monts Suits in the different States, an
all litigation apportaining to Patents <
Send bamp for Pamphlet of sixty page*.
ipHE subscriber hits removed his Boo
I and Shoe Manufactory to a few door
below W. R. Doty & t o.'s. grocery stor(
and opposite J. M. Gallowty'a hardwat
store, where he will be pleased to see hi
friends and cdoimers. Ho has towero
the prices of anU ki:ils of work in hi
Fine Frtneh :'Lin Boots to $10.
Shoes froi $3 1 i.- 0.
Mending 'and rpniring promptly a
tended to at reasonable rates.
All wovk warranted.
n 6 J. CLENDINING.
*_the moat genial balsam ever used bi
suerers from pulmonary diseases.
It is composed or ha products, whel
rave a specifie effect on the throat an(
nh; detaches from the air calls all I
Tu itts et to be expect
rated, and ptonce checks the inflammatil
which proues tho co ugh. A single dual
relieves the moat distressiny paroxysm
soothes nervousness, an a eiales the out
ferer tooenJoy quiet rest at night. Beingi
mpleasant cord a],u t tones the weak ston
aeh, and In specially recommended fo
What others say ab
Had Asthma Thirty Years
dy'. AHWOOWAR, a Py, ISS8
"I xave had Asthma thirty years, and nevernfdua
a medicine tat had such r h ; effl t."
W. F. GN,ChreS
A Chile' JdeQLC Mrit,
beencrTutt'xExorant, afaniliar name In myd os
thy wle thinks It the best medicine in the wor
ard the children say It is 'nicer than molasse
candy.' .NOAH WO EDWARD 101 N. Poydas 8
""Six, and all CrouepT"
becouyWihuTt'sExpectorant, insdeImegnis for og
croup, diphtheria, etc."
T. P. ELLUS, M.D., Newark, N. a
"THE TREE IS BYR ITS FRUIT.
" Tutt's Pills are worth their weight in gold."
REV. I. R._SIMPSON, Louisville, K)
-" Tutt's Pills sre a'seiIal leasing of the sin<
teenth century."--REV. F. N. OSGOOD, New Voei
"I have used Tutt's"'I7s"or torpor of the live
They are superior to any medicine for biiiary dia
orders ever made."
F.R ISN ereon Texsi
"I have used Tutt's Medieno with great henefit.
W. W. MANN Editor Mobile Regietet
"We sell fty boxT4'e~s Pills to five of a
others."-SAVR E & . Crersvile, Gs.
"Tutt's Pills have ony tobe tried to establis
their merits. They work like magic."
W. H.* BANRON S..ummer St., Bostor
" There isano mediclne sowell adapted to the cut
of bilious disorders se' Tult's Pills."
JOS. BRUMMEL, Richmond, Virginia
ADA T mD MORE.
Bold by d tsef 95wle s boa'
TUTT'S HAIR DYE
has beet ma~e y a. fjo'wYork,
a ht re'ores yeutf I eas ut o thdair
a ug a r .Dye wb ejlimitates
no0W rejoice." ,
The State of SJouth Caroili
COUNTY OF FAIRF4ETP..
By 0. R. THJOMPS ON, Es P41robade Jaudo
HX fEREAS, George W. Clem'an has
V made suit to meG to grant hi
lottors of administration of tihe estate ar
offoots of M~ary Coleman, decasedi:
These are therefore to cite ar~ adm 'nit
all andi singular the kindred sand eredito
of tile said Mary Coleman, deceased, th
they be and appear before me, in thea ou
t of Probate, to be held at Falrflold Cou
h louse, ln. C.,on the 21st day of Februa
r next, after publication hereof, at
,o'olook in the forenoon, to show eauise,
any they have, why the said administa
0 tion should not be granted.
, Given under my hand, this 4th i
Iof February, Anino Doiii 1878.
* ':. .O. R THOMPSON -
KEWS ANU HELD.
r a ODLIBREDEYERT WED'NBBDAY AT
WLIN N SBOIRO0, 8. 0.
WINNSBORO PUBLISING 00,,
IT CONTAINS A SUMMARY OF THE
LEADING EVENTS OF? THlE DAY,
Political News, Ete,
THE EDITOBIAL DPARTREN~T
RECEIVES SPECIAL AT TENTION.
aswl ildwt onadcut es
s.-Teamo h ubihr st sn
Tem fSbcrpin aabeivra
Onroy n er 80
On oy i o th, - - - - $ .0
-I el orille suwithers. ad copny w.b
- Te rem f the year.ihesinas osi
FItingAS FAbInee NalEWSAPER.am
s to e.
-.On erepared motos funih on - hort
neo y , tremnh,---$.0
BILL opies, NOTEatS- $.0
cdb edPOtalSe tTE s
Wd a redt prerdtfriso sh t