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TERAIS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
' di-Weekly One Yoar. - -- - -- $4.0
a Six-tonthai. 2.0
", Tihroa months. - - - 1.0
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
One square one insertion $1.00. For
each subsequent insertion 500;. Obitua
rie.antdTributos ot Respect charged for
as advertisements. Liberal (liscount inlatl
or contract advertisements.
Bill Heads, Letter Ihnai, Envelopes
Postors, Cards, Invitations, Tickes, &c.
antly execntoa at this office,---CIIEAP
THE PAPAL CONCLA VE.
Everything connected witli or
having relation to the Conclavo is
rigorously protected against oxter
nal curiosity or interference. The
arcades of the loges and the win.
dows, even to the immenso one be
longing to the logle of the Bone
dictines, are carefully walled up.
A small wil do baf is left open in
each wall in order that the light
may not be entirely exqluded. The
only places which are not thus
darkened are the salle du trone and
the royal staircase. It is by this
staircase that the cardinals enter
when the arrangements for the
Conclave are coipleted and by
which they leave the building when
the election is over. It has a door
which is closed by four keys, two
for the interior, which are separate
ly kept by the camerlingo and the
master of ceremonies, and two for
the exterior, which are in the
possession of the Marshal of the
The enceinte of the place where
the Conclave is hold being isolated
in the manner described, eight
holes framed with wood, liko those
on sees in the doors of the monas
teries, are cut in the euclosures.
They serve to pass the food and all
the other necessaries which are re
quired for the use of the cardinals
and their conclavists. Two of these
apartures are effected in the bord
ing at the foot of the royal stair
THE WINDOW OF THE AMBASSADORS.
Besides the eight openings (f
communication a window is oponed
in the door of the royal staircase.
It is through this that tile Sacred
College gives audience to tile am
bassadors wvho may have commnuni
cations to make on tihe part of their
governments. A thick curtain prio
tects it against profane curiosit.
'Til window, as soon as the audience
terina~ed, is carefully closed. It
is through it that the ambassadors
of tile authorized governments who
have not charged their cardinals
participating in the Conclave ~with
tihe duty pronounce their veto.
Formerly, when tile election wvas
made conjointly by the people and
tile clergy of Rome, tihe Emperor
had the right of veto between the
day of tleQ scrutiny and thlat of the
consecration. Centuries thenf olipsed
without there being any question of
this veto, whlichl reappeared under'
the forml of interventioni on the
part of governments, even in the
Conclave, before the majority of
two-thirds wvas established. Tile
governments which claim the right
to exercise the veto are Austria,
France, Spain and Portugal.
Nevertheless the last named coun
try is only one the right of which
has been officially recognized (by a
bull of John V.); Portugal, how
ever, had never exercised it. The
others have all made use of it at
THE. INDIR1EcT yETo.
Inasmuch na to secure election
the- candidate must obtain two.
thirds of the votes the indirect veto
may be exercised by every individual
cardinal wvho is a master of a third
of the votes plus one. Tile govern
ments often have recourse to tis
means of defeating an obnoxious
candidate. It.;is surer than the
formal veto, because the latter has
not always been reapected by tihe
conelaves, as4, again, it may be
exercised Agains t sevoral cardinals,
while the governments -can only
design a single one. It is asserted
that Germany has vainly tried to
secure this third ,by 911 kinds of
manouvres canyin'g the coin~e of
A bill has been offered in the Cali..
forpia1 Sqg prohibitig any per
son to dispose of more than one
square mile of land.i.wsix hundred
and fprty eeres-.-by will. .The, ob
jeot is to brea~li up . tb.he, Jmese
grain and cattle rgtnehes..h3od in
that state by a few proprietors, and
seure their subdivision into emal
.Fresh Arrivals 11,
J. O. BOAG'S,
On1 Th1~e Corn'er.
REi ll and warranted lGarden Seeds
.. at five cents per paer, which sold
last year at 10 cents or 3 for 25 cents.
Very best choice good and eating Potatoes,
Family Flour, Meal, Grist, Bacon,
Lard, Rice, Cigars, Tobacco, Can
dies, Assortment of Fanoy
Cakes and Crackers,
Mackerel, Died Her
All of which will be sold as low as the
lowest for cash.
The stock of Dry Goods, suc, as Donos
tics, (:alicoos, Dresa Goods,
Shbawls, Furs, Nlilli
will ho sold very low to clear thom out.
Call soon and see for yourselves.
You will always fin.1 a fall lino of
Notions, Buttons, Trimmings, &c., and
Fancy Goods, kept at the
Dry Goods, Fancy Goods and
In faot you can get almost anything
yon mant. that is in th, Grocery, Dry
Goods, Fancy Goods, Notion or Millinery
All knowing themselves indebted to
me will please come forward and settle
up at onco, as this is a hard year and I
inust havo mnoney to carry on business.
fob 5 J. 0. BOAG.
WATERS' ORCHESTRION cims ORGAN
style and perfect in to
ne ever nade. It han
the celebrated Concer
to stop, which is a ine
imitation of the intan
Voic, and t wo ad es
hatOctaves of balls
- tned in perfect hnar
- a mony with the reeds,
0nd their efet is ma..
-ican and electrihinar.
n -MF -CONCERtTO,. VESP
ERu,0E.NTENNJAL. CHIMIES, CHAPEL, nd
OOTTAOE OROANM, in Unique renchm Ca
5es combIne PUITY ofVOXIO toith great
voiauue qf tone, suitable for Parior orCh urch.
WATERS' PIANO8 $ in'
A RE TIHE BEST MfADE; t&h Tone,Touceh,
Workmanship, and Durability Unsurpassed.
WVarranted for SIX YEARS.
ItIt0ES EXTR EhiELY LOIVfor enshd.a.n
thiy I nstallnmente received. Insteaments to
let until paid for as per contraet. A Liberalti
Diiscount to 1na'hera.Mwnat ers,Churches Gehools, etc.
AGENTS WVANTED. tapecinalinueenaset
to the trade.Illustratedl tanlogtne ilned.
Second-hand Instrunente at 4IREAT BAlI.
OAINS. 1IO0RACiE WATER1S da SONS, ]
Mlanufnetuurera and Denier.
,40 EAST 14th ST.,UNIO.' SQUARE,N.Y,,
C WEST f ALADDIN
. &80N8'lISECURITY OIL,'
THE BEST HOUSEHOLD OIL IN USE,
Warranted 150 Degrees Fire-Test,
IVATERL XVIITE IN COLOR.
WfILL NOTl EXPLODE.
For Excehlenco of Mianunture
AND) HI101 FIREU TEST.
Endorse4 by tboisiirance ompaies.
.L'ead this Ccrtificae- One of. Miany.
Tiem 'n n INt'ntANcE Co. or J3A/ruos, i
- i;. '.u"-n: Ilavinag usmed the various oIls sold
in this city for il luminatig purpoassI takephons
ore, in recoumemndine your "Aladdin Security
.ias the rvto, e ever used In outr house.
I.-AtudlA l'Dt2tW REESE, President.
C. WEST & SONS, 3Daltinere.
Try it, and yout will use no esi-e..
Best is Wheapost
NEW WILLLCOX & GIBBS
Silent Sew inq JMachines
Latent '4ntk~a, idoP Ya~oibil
Its suirpasing merit ialaes It b 'f4 lor.
petition, and makes it the ohea ;,~ttti
standing theo large inducemnen a 8 oie by
selrso osy, hgsrgiguing, troubleseine, two.
Onl Mdanein the lMort Wit
Aut1 nie : Features, and
with nlo TensIonl to
- M anage.
WTite by Poital Oard f* i9Lt L&s
(0Oar. Bon d St.) 698 Dasadway, N
THIs standard article is com.
pounded with the greatest care.
Its effects are as wonderfil and
as satisfactory as ever.
It restores gray or faded hair to
its youthful color.
It removes all eruptions, itching
and dandruff. It gives the head a
cooling, soothing sensation of great
comfort, and the scalp by its use
becomes white and clean.
By its tonic properties it restores
the capillary glands to their normal
vigor, prevetiting baldness, and
making the hair grow thick ahd
As a dressing, nothing has been
found so eetal or desirable.
A. A. layep, M. D., State At;.
sayer of Massachusetts, says, " The
constituents are pure, and carefully
selected for excellent quality; and
I consider it the BEST PREPARATION
for Its intended purposes."
Priee, One Dollar.
FOR THE WHISKERS.
This elegant preparation may be
relied on to change the color of the
beard from gray or any other un
desirable shade, to brown or black,
at discretion. It is easily applied,
being in one preparation, and quick
ly and effectually produces a per
margent color, which will neither
rub nor wash off.
Manufaotured by R. P. HALL & CO.,
NASBUA, N. R.
0ola r s g DtMi, sa esuat is #lUse.
We ae Agents for the
We guarantee them to be made out
>f the genuine Wamsutta Muslin,
md the bosoms of the best linen
mud three ply, each ply being linen.
We warrant them to Ait in every
>articular, or money refunded.
PRICE -$1.00 EACH.
Don't say they are too cheap to
e good, but come and see for your-'
MOMASTER & BRICE.
[AM REOE V$NG daily fresh
ugars, Coffees Green and Roast
ed, Tea, Flour, GrWist, Meal,
Syrups, Molaseos, :Sbda;
and Ties, DEceen,
Ard--in Bble., Ca~~ andc Buokets
seed Oats, Rye and Barley, Nails,
!race Chaing, /Hoi~ e At o ~1e
shoes, Axle groea White Wiie
SW All goods dlieNDI(
~orporate Iivroits. i
~jresh Qbsv' 1 Detrn
e ltAo dA v
D. R. F44NNIKEN
HLINCE~ WICH TDZG & CO.,
HAVE ALWAYS ON HAND A CAREF ULLY SELECTED STOCK OF
-AND A CHOICE ASSORTMEN'I, QO
TRDADS WI JS .Ae D t3%tQU s .
t0e same as he4 glye in. ersp a ad 1)uin
0 care egvn to paoki:g. end fratalogue
TO THE PUBLIC.:,
M~ Y ottioori know that I hhad Iietotoforo led the FURNIioRa trade of the
.ouvh, in style, quality anl iprices.
.6h0 rtu n' Westue waen diesa giaIs can be putobased .s oleap from moan in.
the North and WVeut. lapgonicain
I do not go backwards. but continually raise the standard of iny goods, ina add
new st~ylo-. I 11 tVe in'. to roAutjtion in prices w herover possible, rind spared no
ex peneoto p1too in your hantOi a pric' list that will holp,yoll tr) prhaso gouds.
hI repec lAy initeyo , to call and exam e any stobk aad pribes before pur
ohasing olsuwliero. (
Ordos by mail will rooive an miinh attontion as ifgiven in person.
It would make the list too larg6 t) do. oribe it copy all the different prices of
Parlor Suits, Diging Ro m, Of1loe. Stin ding, I~rlor aind Ldies' Desks, Seoreta
Pies, Dwarf LibrariQs, and .Book Casos, aatinfaotured by ino.
Thanking you for past favora, I remain, yours respectfully.
G. V. DeGRAAF,
147, 1471 and 149, IMOAD STREET,
.i"- N o charge for drayage or packing.
THE LATEST ARRIViLS
AT LOWEST PRICES!
HAVE just returned from the inarket, having selected one of the hand
somest, largest, and best assorted stocks over brought to this place, for
the especial benefit of the citizens of Fairfield, to which I respectfully
invite their attention. I
To the Ladies who would have the pretiest styles of fDRESSES,
GLOVES, LINGERIE, and the very daintiest SH-OES
Call on SOL. WOLFE.
To the Gentlemen who would get the very latest and nobbiest suits of
CLOTHING,,HA'kS, SHOES, BOOTS, and furnishing GOODS
Call on SOL. WOLFE.
To those wh,9 are in need of goods of 11 kinds, otions in great
TABLE LINEN, HOMESPUNS HOSIERY
DOYLIES, CHECKS, -BUTTONS"
TOWEtS,' TICKING, HAMBURG EDGING,
BLANKETS, BLEACHING, VALISES and TRUNKS:
-THESE MAY BE FOUND AT-.
Airrieod andl to Aiirb, Mon
sieting of Walnuta Oham~bei
Suites, Pisipted Cottage Suaites
Wardrobes, Sideboards, Safes,
Book Cases, -Bnreaus, Tables
"Chairs, Be~d teads, Cribs
. *psyrs, de~-~iks, 'Wash
stands, 1bounges, Sofas, Hall
8th'nds, I Hat Raeke,- ,Coat,
Ho'oks, Cornek Stahds-for
Design arid WYi-kmanship Un.
Sir Sav ~ghi bills by pu rchasing AT 403
A NEW SUPPL~ '",
RusTrc WrINOW SHADEs Iq'ip Vricey uiri~ -' '~~ot
will neverget out otsorder, and will last long p h 1yqt9e Shade
Spring Beds, Picture 1~ims 1 ictures, ra ckdet dht~o idre a~
Ciarriages. U BZ ,b il
Ang inil 1 at Prices totSuit te Times .:4 ~
Neatly done at mndorate Prices. tp~ n goj
Ik~bi b'n a fill 5Ulgpl of Mbthti ) C3I ases
pd Co na fifnest flish. A A pp e
u G id BjARDS
I *,wjq~jwy~1 1, a' totab~'k'dG OM e O~~idtlr Metehens
*h4I comtodenb andi centrally Iloato i l ~ t r1~l
j~~ii~IPrices paid for on, er efiAu; J.'
01.A< er&Oo., caraesten, 8.0O.
feb T-4t 1. 5s MeARLEY. sepn6~ 2a~