Newspaper Page Text
WINNSBORO, 8. 0.
Tuesday, February 26. 1878.
R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor,
JNO. S. REYNOLDS. Associate Editor.
THE BILL DIVIDiNG Charleston and
Colleton counties was killed in the
House by one majority.
EUROPE Is STILL at peace. Neither
England nor Russia has captured
Constantinople. Bismarck is exert
ing a pacificatory influence.
MR. L. C. NonTHRor has been
triumphantly confirmed as United
States District Attorney for South
Gatrolina. This will set the minds
of the other aspirants at rest.
NEW YORK CITY was recently seized
with a spasm of economy and re
duced her expenses by cutting
down the salary of teachers, -while
the salaries of political offices were
left unchanged. As it is, the city
expends $3,399,000 for schools.
WE WERE TOLD that the passage of
a silver bill would depress the bonds
and chase gold out of the country.
Yet simultaneously with the passage
of the bill through both houses,
gold tumbled down and bonds went
up. The quidnunes are at a loss
to explain tLis.
A NEw EIGHT PAGE tri.weekly paper,
called, the "8traightout 1emnocrat,"
will shortly be established in Colum
bia, under the editorial management
of Maj. Henry S. Farley. Its pro
spectuu indicates that its politics are
to be "red hot." We extend a
welcome in advance to the new
courier, though we must say that
this is not an auspicious season to
WASHINGTON'S BIRTUDAY was cele
brated with great eclat in Charles
ton, the military parade being the
most imposing that had taken place
in twenty years. Governor Hamp
ton, Gen.iW. H. F. Lee, Gen. Brad,
ley T. Johnson and the Walker
Light Guard of Virginia were
Toasts and speeches wore prominent
features of the occasion.
Pope Leo XIII
The election of Cardinal Pecci to
the Pontificate seems to have given
satisfaction to all parties save the
ultramnontanes or irreconcilable
high churchmen. The new pope is
sixty seven years of age, of com
manding presence, and is distin..
gished for ability- During the late
pontificate he was an object of the
jealousy of Cardinal Antonelli, who
feared to have so dangerous a rival
near the throne, aind endeavored to
epress him. It is thought that the
nlew pope will refuse to recognize
the claim of king Humibert to be
temporal ruler of Italy.
Thero are three ways of electing
a pope'-by acclamation, by compro
mise or by ballot. The former is
also called the method by adoration,
and oceurs. when, after unsuccessful
balloting, or without a ballot, a
spnntaneous cry comeIs from all
tihe cardinals for one man, or all by
one impulse kneel before him*
The election by compromise takes
place by a delegwtion of powers by
the cardinals to several of their
number'who are thus charp~ed with
the choice of the pontiff' There
miust be-at least twvo of these dele
gates. They deliberate in a separate
apartment,. after taking an cath to
vote according to their conscience
They mnust give their decision in
writing. This formality accomn.
lis1he5l, the election is valid and the
pope is oleeted1. None of these
delegates enn vote for himself, but
if they aro.moroe-than two, they can
choose the pope from among their
number.. The usual method is by
tedious formnaltes. Eaah cardinal
ballost acoeaied te. The ot.
divided into fi've compartalents,. the
second and foorth being white. The
first contains the words "ag card"
(I cardinal); thed eoond contains
his name i the third, 'the pei-son
I oted for, and the fifth, a cabalistie
)e identified. After sealing, the 14
)ardinal places the ballots in the r
shalice. After all have voted three
bellers proceed to count the votes
ifter counting them in a second r
-halice. After reading, they are n
strung and placed in a third chalico. b
If two-thirds are recorded for any ,
,andidate, a second sarutiny and ]
verification take place, the ballots I
tro burned and the result is an- t
riounced. If no result is reached,
the electors proceed to the "acces
sion," which moans that each cardi- c
aal may announce his second choice. C
[f the first ballot and the accession
'ogether give any candidate two
thirds, he is elected. If not, a new
aallot is necessary. The -conclave t
votes twice a day, until a
result is reached.
A Alight indication to outsiders <
serves to convey an idea of what is oc
-urring in the conclave. The voting
papers are burned on a straw firein an
iron chimney established behind the c
iltar. The thick smoke escapes by
i tube issuing from a wall to the
left of the Grand Lodge of the
Bonedictines. If the vote has given
! result, the voting papers are burned
esewhero, and the usual pipe re
uains smokeless. It is by this
trifling circumstance that thu people
assombled outside at the hours
whlen the vote usually terminates
know when there is a new pope.
If the chimney smokes, the game
has to be played over again. On
the present occasion, three times
the smoke ascended from the chim- I
noy. At the last time, just as the
peopl(e were dispersing, it was an.
nounced that Pocci had been chosen.
It was at first thought the final
result had been secured by adora
tion, but it is now claimed that he
received a two-thirds vote, and
that Cardinal Bilio having declined
to be a candidate, his partisans, I
numbering nine cardinals, gave their I
votes to Cardinal Pecci ; that when I
the votes were counted, all the car
dinals knelt at the feet of the pope, I
and that this act wts miseonstrued
as an election by adoration.
The new pope was crowned pri
Sunday, undcr i.he title of Leo XIII.
THE CO IV ORDINANCE.
JEditors NEWS AND HERIAb: Sev.
eral weeks ago a p)etition, signed
by a large number of citizens, was
handed to the Town Council setting
forth that the running at large,
within town Jimits, of cows and
other stock, wvas a nuisance, and
asking at their hands such legisla
tion as would prevent the same.
Rtumor had it that the prayer of
the people had been heard and
granted. As yet the Official Lamp
Post has failed to confirm Rumor.
As there are only two ways by which
the 1peopl1 are informed of the
doings of their Stewards (R. and
the favorite 0. L. P.), and as one is
not reliable and the other not
generally known, I ask you to make i
inquir~y and find out whose fault it
is, if such a law has been passed,i
that old Brin die still enjoys her "
old--timne freedom. Crr.
MAT TRRS LI-WASHINGOTON, 'U
Restoring Pensions--A Demorat Seat- I
ed fro'n Louisiana in the House.
[Cerrespondoece of 'rue NEwS AN HIEREAD.) (
\VAsHINoTON, Feb. 22.-Two bills
of interest to soldiers have been up'
dluring the past week. One, which i
passed the Senate and will proba~bly i
pass the House, restores to the
pousion rolls those 1812 and other
soldiers- who were dropped at the
commencement of the civil war.
It also gives pensions to 1812 i
soldiers who served fourteen dlays, I
the present requliremecnt being sixty C
days, and to the widows of such~ C
soldier~s if they were married prior C
to 1850. The bfll- is that giving a
pension of $8 per month to all I
soldiers of the Mexican war.. It is a
believed this bill, also,. will pass,
though it meets with opposition i
from those extvremie Radicals who01
will not vote money if any of it is
to go to the South. Mr., Powers, t
of Maine, many of whose con
stituents got a land warrant fronb C
the government because they lived X
on the line of the British Provinces i
during the mzaking of ta treaty with.
Great Brliti, leads the oppositijO
These warrants,. worth $L.76 each,
were given to hundredls 'who never
smelled gunpowde',y &nd for service
when there was no war. -It is the only
sontest ii which we ever gave up I
writory, and it hardly becomes the
3presentative of that clas of
eneficiaries to oppose a small
,ratuity to men who enlarged the tl
ountry's limits, gave it military
enown abroad, and are now, in .
any instances, suffering from the
ardships of their service.
At the conclusion of the Louisi
na contested election case in the p(
Iouse, when the new member, Mr. gi
LCklin, proceeded to the front of
he clerk's desk to be sworn in a l
itter went round among the Re.. o
iublicans because the Speaker
egan rending to him the iron-clad
ath which the Southern Demo- b
ratio Congressman has usually b
eoen under the awkward necessity E
if declining to take. But Mr.
Lcklin signified to the Speaker that a
t was all right, that he could take .
,he test oath and that it would not ]
)3 necessary to substitute the
nodified form. The reading was
ontinued and the stringent iron- '
lad oath was accordingly sub
cribed to in full by the new mem. S
ser. The mirthful Republicans d
fterward learned that Mr. Acklin,
vho is not much over thirty years g
f age, was a boy in his teens p
luring the "Rebellion." AUSTIN. b
SOUTH CAROLIKA NEWS.
A small balloon was picked up in
umter, last week, which had been 0
entup at Augusta, Ga., a few days f
Senator Butler will deliver the r
,unual address before the Literary 0
society of Erskine (ollege at Due $I
Vest on the 3rd of July next. c
Two lads recently disappear ed
rom Lexington, carrying with them 1
, sum of money, belonging to an t
mcle. They were traced to Colum- a
iia and thence to Atlanta, Ga. f
W. R. Berry, county treasurer,
uld John 0. Davis, county auditor,
f Pickons county, have resigned. 1
rovernor Hampton has accepted
heir resignations, and Pickens now C
tas neither treasurer nor auditor. a
A few days ago an unknown
olored man was run over by a train I
in the Air Line Railroad, near i
Cing's Mountain, and fearfully
nanglecd. He is supposed to have v
>een drunk an d asleep.
It is currently roporte d that an r
sraelitish lady in Columbia is k
bout to come into possession of I
everal million dollars' worth of I
)roperty, -by the death of a relative I
Ex--Judge Northrop has been 1
onfirmed by the United States f
ienate as district attorney for I
;otuth Carolifia. This wvas ini spite 1'
if the fach that the committee to (
rhomn his esse had been referred ii
eported adversely to him. s
Maj. WV. F. DeSchaimps' gin
Louse, near Sumter, was burned on v
h'ursday night by an incendiary. O
here was nothing in the hiotie r
xcept the machinery. Loss $500. ri
to insurance. Inacendiarism is be- ni
oming quite common in Sumter JE
Robert McEvoy, the murderer, has
>een sentenced by JudgeThomson to
'e hung at Aiken on the 15th of
larch. A petition to commute the
leath sentence to imprisonment for
fe has been drawn up by his coun
el, and it is said that some extenui- ai
ting circumstances hitherto un
:nown will be presented to Governor c<
The verdict of the coroneu' jury, t
a the case of Pickens Gcggins
ecently murdered near Good o
lope Church, Edgofield comtty, is o
hat John Goggins, Henry Gorgins Lb
nd Mrs. Emma Goggins. widow of
he deceased, (a girl of fifteen, and tiz
ut recently married) are the nur'.*
erers. The party were perfectly of
ool in giving their evidence, not a S I
ear being shed by one of them.
he widow is very pretty~ and was g
audily dressed during th( examina. cl
CoNSUMITION CuRED.-4n old hA
mhysician, retired from practice, hi
aving had p laced in his l4nds by di
*n ]!ast India mission y the p4
ormula of a simple vegetab reme- co
ly, for the speedy and ye anent th
ure of consumption, br chitle, acl
atarrh, asthnma, and all Lthr -and eh
ung affections, also, a posi and
adical cure for -nevous bility
nd all nervotts eetnplaints after we
aving tested its wonderful c ative ho
owers in tousands ,of case bag bu
slt it his duty to make it kn< ig o of
is suffeing fel!ows. Aetuat by dri
his.montive, and a deir to iove cui
uman suffering, I will send, f of A
har-ge,. to all who' desire it, js col
eoipe* in Gefmaw .repch, or, . d
gh with ?fplydir tios. forapr .. whu
sing, n by ' by or
'op . W. SheV mo Pow 'i
MOUNT ZION INSTITUTE.
D IJUING ihe ontinuance of the grad
ed school in connection with Mount
Zion, students in the Ancient and
Modern Langu ago Highor Mathcmatics
aId the Beiences will be received Into
the Institute upon the payment of
$2.60 per scholastic month of four weeks
IR. MEA.N8 DAVIS,
feb -sW Prinaipal.
Egg r'ogq for Christmas.
TlE undersigned respectfully calls
thE attention of the citizens of Fair
field to the fact that he has a full stock of
the finest LIQUORS and WINES in the
Boro, and guarantees its p)urity in every
instance. In his stook are the follow
Dupuy, Otard & Co.. Cognac Brandy,
Old genuine Jamaica Rum, genuine 1868
Cabinet Itye, genuhve 1868, Roanooke
Rye Whiskey, genuino Knickerbocker
Rye Whiskey, genuine N. C. Apple
Brandy, genuine N. C. Sweet Mash Corn
Whiskoy, gon uine Stone Mountain Sour
Mash Corn Whiskey, genuine Dauche,
Fils & Oo., Champagne, fine Pale Table
Sherry; and a full stock of all Domestic
Liquors, Wines, Ales, Cigars, Tobacco,
Pipes, &o., &c.l
eeS F. W. HAIBN ICHT.
rTHE subscriber has removed his Boot
I and Shoe Manufactory to a few doors
below W. It. Doty & Co.'s, grocery store,
and opposite J. M. Galloway's hardware
store, where he will be pleased to see his
friends and oustomers. He has lowered
the prices of all kinds of work in his
Fine French Calf Skin Boots to $10.
Shoes from $3.00 to $0.00.
Mending'and repairing promptly at
tended to at reasonable rates.
f. All work warranted.
jan 6 J. OILENDINING.
BY virtue of sundry exoeutions to me
directed, I will o~hr foi sale, before
the court-house door, in Winnsboro, on
the first ilonday in Mira'i next, within
he legal lhours of sale, for cash. the
ollo wing described real estate, viz:
All taat pieco, patrael or tract of land
being and situate, In the county of Fair
teld and State of -South Carolina, and
partly in the towp of Winusboro, con
taining TwVsN rY-1!v Aao.q, Inore or less,
bounded on the west by laiads belong
in, to James B. MLCants, on the south
lots lately belonging to %.rt. Hessio
Fraser, on the north by the public road
leading 'ut. of the town of Winnsboro to
Kincaid's Bridge, and on the east by
Scion Church and Garden Street, in the
town of Winnsboro, levied upon as the
roerty ot'no.A. P.rasr, 'at the suit of
, '9'. .. -*, AI . 0 huulsvs.
same defendant. . m
S. W. RUFF,
Sheriffs Office, S . F.
Win.nsboro, S. C.,
February 11, 1878,&
IN ALL ITS DEPARTMIENTS DONE IN
TilE lEST STYLE AND &T THE
LOW EST IPRICES,
We are prepared to furnish, on short
BILL HEADS, NOTES
AW BLANKS, POSTERS5
1'OSTAL CARDS, ETC., ETC.
Terms fpr Jo0 Work--ash oig
A&f business. coiniriuttieoab shoulk be
aidressed to the
Winnsboro Publiahng Company,
W'INNSB0 6j 8, t.
To Inventors~ au4 *anaturer1,
SOIOPIO01p OWPAT! T4 AND
ATT9~y AT L&W
i lit on f9or ai..ratest and.
NE WS OF THE DA Y.
Kentucky has decid.ed to restore
Barnum has now accumulated
ghteen elephants for the next
ggest show on earth.
Gen. Joe Johnston has been ap
)inted a conmnissioner from'Vir
iia to the P"aris Exposition.
Eighteen huindred revolutionary
dies havo boon flogged by order
the Russian government.
A bill to abolish actions for
each of promise of marriage has
en introduced into the English
Ouso of Commons.
The number of Chinamen who
,rived at San Francisco in January
as only 228, while 882 returned to
Aeir native land.
The sheriff of New York is said
make a very good thing of keep
ig boarders in Ludlow street jail.
ome of them pay as high as' thirty
ollars a week.
Somebody recently proposed to
et up a subscription for the
arents of the lost Charlie Ross,
ut Mr. Ross declines to counten
nce the movement.
A tax of ten per cent. is levied in
'aris upon all tickets taken at
leatres, public balls, music balls,
r any other place of amusement,
>r the benefit of the poor.
WM. N. 'Stevens, a full-blooded
egro, is said to be one of the most
loquent speakers in the Virginia
enate. He is a graduate of two
olleges, and was born a slave.
The Hon. Alex. H. Stephens says
e wants to die in harness, and
hat, if his health continues reason
bly good, he will be a candidate
>r election to the Fortv-sixth
The Landon Standard's corre
pondent at Berlin says that Prince
lismarck considers Cardinal Pecci's
lection to the Papacy the most
uitable one at the present time.
Col. Forney writes from London
hat he dos not anticipate a
enoral European war,: because
Russia is too strong, Turkey too
?oak, England too prudent."
The Irishmen of the North are
3aking preparations on a large
cale for the celebration of the cen
enary of Ireland's favorite son,
tobert Emmett, on the 4th of
I rch. ..
ania girl of a lIively disposition,
married Mr. Joseoh Stock "just in
n. By-and-by she mai iied a Mr.
~overidge in (lead earnest, where-.
pen Mr. Stock turned up and had
arrio arrested for bigamy. Carrie
now in jail, and sho is trying to
e where the fun is.
The Democratic State ,Conveo-.
ention of Indiana elected ex.-Gov
eno Hendricks president, passed
-asoutions strongly in favor of the
stiremeont of the Nation~al Bank
tes, and bitterly denouncing the
lectoral frand by whj 1h a free
3ople wore cheated but of their
A .deaf mute reently died in
lorida, aifter gainingi th e reputa
en of being aL imit thorough
lographer'. .lHe made use of a
under of fils oivn Construction,
d received by placing his hand
rer it in such a tnanner that he
uld feel dlistinctly every vibration
When an est ate is sold in Ireland
e Irish bontd of works is empow
ed to advance a certain sum to
Ip a person who has been a tenant
the estate to purchase his farm,
e money being a first chnarge orn
e land sold. Lately, when an
tate was sold in Tyrone, flve-.sixths
it were bought by former ten
It is now stated on good authori.
that Pope ;Leo :XIII. was not
osnby Aidbr'atlon, bu$ by' the
4mmste majority of the votes of
s Conclave ; that Cardina~l Bilio
ving declhned to be a candidate
partisans, numbering nine Cav
als, gave their. otes to birdida
'cci ; that wvhen the votes were
anted all the Cardinals knelt at
i feet of the Pope, and that this
has been miscons trued as an
etion by adoration,
[ni 1852, a family of eight persons
re murderedlin .Brasil, and ,the
use0 contafig ,'t4. boedes was,
rned.. A rich planter and three.
his slaves, were tried for the
me, convicted upon purely cir~
nstantial evidenoe, an4 a1t(
mari 1M~ Iithae
fe sion, owiW*, e ii he
boledge of the parties yho,
e hanrged for t.'