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WINNSI3ORO, 8. 0.
Thursday, May 30. 1878.
X- MDANS DAVIS, EDITOn.
JXO S. $EYNOLDS. AvwOrAu EDITOR.
THa WASHINGTON .Post pays Colo
nel Evans a cormpliment, and recom.
mends his re-election.
GEoRoIA MUST be a great place
for religion. All of her statesmen
and politicians are conspicuous
members of the leading denomina
Tna OLD RADIOAL leaders in Co
lumbia boast that they will carry
Richland county this fall. Put 'em
in the penitentiary at once, and stop
AND NOW THEY SAY that Aleck
Stephens favored an investigation at
first, but got mad because he was
not consulted about the Potter
Tnv SAY THAT B3ast Butler has
gone into the Potter investigation
business only for a chance to throw
a few more brickd at Hayes for
recognizing Hampton and Nicholls.
ALEXANDER STEPHEN telegraphs
through the associated press that
he will stand for re-election in the
eighth tleorgia district; and the
Augusta Chronicle and Constitu.
tionalist is in doubt whether ho
means to stand as a Democrat or an
Independent. If as the latter, may
his shadow over grow less.
THE News and Courier suggests
that the mystery enveloping the
heart of Dr. Ezekiel Thomas may
be explained on the witch doctor's
theory of an "anaconda and a
bloody noun" chasing each other
around in his stomach. A bright
idea, but a trifle vague.
THEY ARE HAVINo a hard fight in
Congress over the reduction of the
army. In the committee of the
whole an amendmenft was passed
fixing the strength at twenty-five
thousand men; but in the House this
was defeated by a majority of two.
The final vote has not been taken.
The result will depend on the num
ber of Democratic absentees.
RADICAL ORGANs INVEIGI violently
against Damocratic partisanship in
turning out Republican congress.
men and seAting members of their
own party. Yet it is a strange
coincidence that while in many cases
the Democrats divide, the Radicals
always vote solidly for their man.
Are tbe Democratic claimants always
frauds, and the Radic~als honest ?
WE RENEW oUR suggestion thai
the election for sheriff and conmty
commissioners be held this fall.
There seems to be no constitutional
objection to it, and it will certainly
save the people much labor and
annoyance. Once in two years is
often enough for canvasses. Elect
the whole batch at once and get
through with it.
Now that the Democrats have
gained control of a number c;
States,.heretofore Republican, the
Radicals are becoming very clamnor
ous- for a fair apportionment ; yet
their gerrymandering has long been
notorious. In New Hampshire
eigh~t thousand Republican majority
* eleets sixty-twvo members of the
Legislature, while seven thousand
Democratic majority elects but
fourteen. In New Jersey it takes
ten thousand Demooratic majority
in, the State to have one majority ini
the Legislature. In Indiana about
thirteen thousand Democratio ma
jority is necessary to make the
, Legislature Democratic. In Ohio,
x at.the last election, with five thou -
sand nmajority in the State, the
RepublHeans elected twelve out of
twenty Congressmnen. In New
Terk, al,though the constitution
'requires an apportionment of the
+ Legislature every ten years,
'et the Republican Legislature hAs
sr istently refused to comply with
r aequisition for the past flye
k'~ju~. ~and it takes between twenty
New York city d Brooklyn, which I
are Domocrati,io swindled out of
at least a dozen members of the
Legislature, who are apportioned
among the Radical rural distriets.
Other Northern States are c.laily
gerrymandered. Yet because 1he
Democrats have recently fixed up
the Congressional districts of Ohio
and Missouri, the R-idical press has
sent uip a virtuous wail over politi
cal degeneracy; not because they
desired reform but because the new
arrangement is expected to give a
gain of eight or ten Democrats, a
change of sixteen to twenty votes
in the next House. The Radical
howl comes too late.
THE TEA PLANT.
The following article is copied
from the United States Agricultural
Report for 1860, and is an extract
from a special article on Tea
Culture, by Spencer Bonsall, of
Philadelphia, "from practical expe
pience, acquired by a residence of
six years" in Assam, one of the
l.rrgest tea districts in China :
The most suitable situation for a
tea plantation is a rough, hilly piece
of ground with a southern exposure,
intersected, if possible, by streams
of water. Poor yellow loam, in
which cotton tobacco or sugar-cane
would starve, suits the tea plant
perfectly. The soil should contain
no carbonate of lime --only traces
of phosphate and sulphate, their
iron almost wholly in tue state of
carbonate of iron, a widely different
compound from the simple oxides.
The soil should be light and porous,
the prevailing color yellow or red
dish yellow, as the depth increases,
passing into sand. Some shade
trees should be left stzndng on the
land, as a full exposure to the hot,
glaring sun for a whole dlay during
a dry season would injure the plants.
On level ground, the earth should
be raised into ridges, about eight or
ten inches high, on which the plants
should be placed.
The Chinese plant as many seed
in each hole as can be held in the
double hand. Ten or fifteen of these
usually vegetate, and are allowed to
remain to form a thick bush They
rarely trausplant, aind when they do,
they set three or four plants to;geth
er. An acre of land will allow of
three thousand plants, set out four
feet apart-three feet in the row
planted so as not to be opposite to
each other in the row. A patch of
fifty feet square can raise one hun
dred and twenty trees, which the
third year will yield eleven pounds,
increasing until the sixth year, when
i, will yield forty.,five pounds.
The leaves can be plucked two or
three times during the season. Theu
first "spring crop" is in March, and
is the more delicate and finer quali
ty. The second crop is in M. y, the
third in July. If pluced in dry
weather, four pounds of tea loes
will make 01ne pound of tea ;ifn
wet weather, it requires six or 3s: \m
pounds, owing to the amount of
moisture col lected. The plucking
should not 1)e delayedl on account of
rain or anything else, for the growth
is so rap)id that the loaves soon be
come too old-. The best time for
planting thle seed is .Janunary, though
they can be planted in the fall,, and
muist be care fully shaded the first
year. The seed take from two to
three months to vegetate.
ROUND DANCING R EBUKED.
.In the Virginia Episcopal Council,
in session at Lynchbuirg recently,
Bishop Whittle delivered an elabo
rate adldress5, inl which lie earnestly
deprecated the evils of round danc
ing. After quoting the late Bishop
John's protest against round danc.
ing, Bishop Whittle says:
"I will not discuss its character'
and consequences, for while St.
Paul wrote to the Church in Ephe..
sus that it was a shame even to
speak of those things which were
done by some in secret, I should
feel ashamed even to speak as the
truth would require of this thing,
wvhich is done openly, before all.
I will only say that I trust no man
or woman will be presented for con
firmation who means to continue to
participate in this abomination, and
if the ministers of the church have
no atoiyto discipline communi..
cants as vldor wo praetise it,
siurely this Council should not fail
to clothe themi with such authority
This portion of the address was
referred to a committee, which re
ported a canon forbidding the holg
communion and confirmation to
persons who habitually indulge in
round dancipg&. Under the ruleR it
equred' a.two'thirde vote to rgs
at this session, and the canon as
oer, ded deporn. e sinful
Mr. Hassard, of the New York
'Iibu'n e, will assume the H iss rd
ons task of writing a life of Pius IX.
Grant is in' Paris, visiting the
'rench, and thinking of his ex-posi
tion, doubtless.-J'eokuc Consti
Dr. Eter is a good singer-sings
first bass. One would think he
would make a better pitcher.
With four thousand murder(rs
loose in Texas, it is suggested that
they hold a convention and nomi,
nato a State ticket.
The Czar has had melancholia for
ten years, id the events of the next
few inonths nay have the effect of'
continuing it for ten years longer.
Miss Platt, niece of President
Hayes, will be married at the White
House the latter part of June to
General Russell liastings, of Blinois.
Whittier, who wrote about "The
Man with the Branded Hand," is
about to set to music "i'he Voman
with the Brandied Pcaches."-Au,
Although Washburne lost so
heavily at the recent Minne.tpoiis
disaster, he donated $L,UJO towards
a fund for the relief of tue widows
and orphans of the killed.
Francis Henry Moran, the trun
peter who sounded the charge for
the "Noble Six Hunch ed," at Bala.
klava, has just died. Ho w is ba .ly
wound,d at the bravo i but disas
The genial old historian of our
school days, Peter Parley, started
"Merry's Museum," a popular chlu
dren's magazine. "Robert Merry,"
the editor w ho succeeded him, was
Rev. Stephen 'I'. Allen, an Episcopal
minister, in Aurora, Illinois, who
died on Monday.
The Rev. Frank Collins, a discip'e
of the Rev. John Jasper, is w .n:ed
at Vest Point, Virginia, for i iding
corn-cribs and chicken pens. The
people of that town are unanimous
in the opinion that corn and chickens
''do move," even if the sun does not.
Sir Charles Legard, M. P. an
English turfman of prominence.
intended to celebrate his m-trriage
by roasting two oxen who!e, the
meat to be given to the deserving
poor of Scarborough ; but the town
authorities have refused to allow
the barbecue to take place "for fear
of a riot."
President Hayes received a letter
from an individual in Vermont, who
wrote : "Desiring to see Washing.
ton to the best advantage, I write
to ask you if I can make my head -
quarters with you at the Executive
aansion, as I have a prejndice
against stopping at hotels, and the
priivate boarding houses are not
quite up to my standard of living.'
Mr. Edison is thirty--one years
old and boyish in appe:irance. A
dis tinguisheo s1atranger called on him
M. ing ago. "There he is, sir,"
'2. i an emnploye,. pointing out the
gi oat inventor. The stranger took
a good look at him and saij1 "No,
no. I want to see the old man.":
The professor roared, and the
stranger was so dmbfounded that
lie was hardly able to explain his'
NEW GOODS !
Ecall the attention of the ladies' tc
:,ar new stock of
Lace and Silk Ties in varie,us shades,
Silk Bows in assorted styles,
Colored Silk Handkerchiefs,
Fans in great variety,
Fan, Handkerchiefs and Dress Girdoe,
A splendid assortment of I 'arasols,
Janil!a Brazilian, Boiled Silk, and
Calicoes, Cambrios, Muslins, Lawns,
Figured and Brown Linens.
OUR STOCK OF DRY GOODS,
Of every kind is complete and can be
Lota of other goods, whioh we cannot
nention here for .want df .roomi at
TRIAT WIT4 SZZL T1UEK
OFFrtCE COUNTY MDIIItox1:1tK,
WYr1sanono, S. C.. May 21, 1873.
S ALE) propo:msl for building a
' ltspe'tsion Brid..o over Lii.le River.
at Kincaid'.Ford, w ill b;e receivcl by the
ounty Commissioners up to Monday the
24th d.ty of Juno next. The i igo to be
built of heart lumber, and the contractor
to give bond and security for the faithful
performance of the work, an.i warrant it
for livo years. Tio Bridge to be covered
and weather-boardcd. The contractor
can use whatever material of the u1t
BIridge that may bo suitable. The Coun
ty Comnmissioners reserve the right tc
decline ail bids, if th.y deem pro .er.
JO:IN A. IiINNANT,
may 22-fxtd Ch'ml. B. C. C. F. C.
FOR TUE LEGISLATURE.
Messrs. Idilor"s:-Picase announce 11. A.
GAILLAIRD as a o:'ndidato for the Hous<
of Representatives, at the coming alec
tion. The course of Mr. Gaillard in pub.
lie life has given general satisfaction and
done ionor to old Fairft.ld. In recogni
tion of his services it is but proper that
ha should be sent to the House at th<
next election. This nomination ia made
entirely without the knowleoge of tle
may 16--tf MANY FRIENDS.
FOR THE LEGISLATURE.
At a meeting of the' 'akt tad D..n, crat
ic Club of towns'tip number six. held or
the 28th of April.. 1873, tie followini
resolution was adopted:
Resolved. Tiat t:iit t.lu-h, ecognizine
the tituoss an t abilit"v of lion. I. A.
G,aillaIrd as, a represenitativ.",. hereby
no inimto hin as a candidate for re.
elf. eti I.
Extract" fron the minute.,:
A. J. LAMAR,
may 1 --tx+f ..... ..
J. E. Ager&co,
137 anid 139 tie s-1 reeet,
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
IARDWARE, Cutlery, Guns, Sajd
dilery, liar Iron and Plow Steel, Cucum
Agents for South Carolina for the
Patent Steel Barb Pencing, and the
celebrated Partner's Friend Plows, one,,
two and three horse, at reduc.:d t;rices.
Liberal 'Ier'ims to the Trade.
Large aIssort-ment of Agricultural In
plcmentts. Agriculi ural Steels a sp%ialty
Bull Tong es, Turn Shovels, Scooters
Sweeas, Hieel lolts, also, rough stee
State Agents Tredel:ar hlorrs; and Mule
fra All orders shall receive prompi
and careful attentio'n.
J. E ADGER~ & CO.,
137 and 131 Meetinag Mitreet,
dee 16- Chareston, 8. 0
N'OTICEi hreby given that on the
twniet. ay of J1unae next, Blebn
P. Lnmiapkin anmd I roy' T. Lutmipkin,
Exteutors of the n ill of Abtrm F. Lumnp.
kin, deLceafsedl, will aply.)~ to the ;Judge 01
Pr'obate for Fairlield County. for a fina]
d ischarge mmn d letters dir.sisory.
it. P. LUM.~PK IN, i'.xcen'tor.
T RtOY T. LUllPKIN, Executor.
may 1(1 -im
TOTAL ABISTINEXCE SHVING WlIE TILL IT
TIhere is a curious story about some native
wines which arc extensively advertised nowa
days, and have only recently heen put upon
the market. Dr. Undherhill, the wvell-known
grape-grower of Croton Point, died in s87r.
Some of his heirs entertained temperance
views of such extreme kind, that they wvere
umnwillin;; ti allow the stock of wvines then on
hand to be sold or any marc to be made.
The grapes have sometimes been sent to
market, and rometimes left to decay upon
the vines. It is only now that the other heirs
harve succeeded in arranging for a settlement
of the e~mate and the sale of tihe wines on
band. Anmon g these is a wvine of tihe vintage
of z864, described as a " Sweet Union Part,"
but suggesting the imperial Tokay mere
than any other Euro pean wine, and being
wvholl y unlike any other wine of American
growth. Its purity age anad mellowness are
remarkable, and oth physicians and wine
fanciers have a special interest in It as the
oldest native wine now accessible in any con
siderable quantity. Trhe whole stack is in the
hands of the well-known wholesale grocery
house of the Thurbers.--N, Y'. Tribune,
Not'. 19, z6e71.
The above speaks for itself, but we would
add that this Is the pure juice of the grape,
neither drugged, lquored nor swaterd; that it
has been ripened and mellowed by age, and
for medicinal or sacramental purposes it is
unsurpassed. It can be obtained from most
of the leading Druggists throughout the
United States, and at wholesale from the
undersigned, who wihi forwartd descriptive
pamphlet, free of charge, on application,
H. K. & F. B. TH URflE R & ('O.
West IMafway, Reade anrd IInt~a aSn'e,
Ompzcas GoUNTY OMMLSa1aNY itS,
SVINNsIoDIO, S. C., My 22 g,18
I that it they pass oyer i~~'
Brido ahey do I af ahI i'
E have just received a new and
pretty assortment of
The styles are now and pretty and the
prices wil i.uit the' times. a all ancd
look at them: they will bear the closest
inalapection, and we take pleasure in
s8.1.wing them. %% ill receive in a few
d:tya full assortment of all goods in our
McMASTER & BRICE,
SARSAPAIILA with Iodide of Po,
tassa, Liver Pilly, Anise Soothing
Drops, Extract of Bu1Chu, Cattle Powders,
Cough Candy, Cherry Pectoral. Drown's
Congh Mixture, Arnina Liniment. Ea
sotnce of Ginger, Elixir of Grindelia for
Asthma, Worm Loazenges", Hair Raterer,
Essenee of Lemon, Tooth Powders, &.
T ae-e Medieines will commerd them
solves to physicians and to thomo persons
who desir,' to know what they are' swal
lowing, e:in;ec the reeipe of each ;i praited
upon its labei.
?on s.tra iit
McMASTR & RRXCE.
AM RECEIVING daily fresh
Sugars, Coffce Green and Roast
ed, Ten, Flour, Grist, Meal,
Syrups, Molasses, Soda,
Soap, Starch, Bagging
and Ties, Bacon,
Lard---in Bbls.", Cans and Bucket&
Seed Oats, Rye and Barley, Nails,
Trace Chains, Horse and Mule
Shoes, Axle Greese,White Wine and
Fresh Cheese and Macearoni
New .Buckwheat Flour.
Cboiie new crop New Orleans
New Mackerel in kits, J, and (
OEir All goods delivered within
D. R. FLENNIKEN.
SPI4NG HAS COME,
Ne~w Style Geods
IUJfT ARRIVED, including, all mae
9 no0velties of the season, at the0 Winns
boro Dry Goods, Fancy GoodM and.
MRS. BOlAG wishies to return her sin
eere thamnkcs to her friends and the pulia
generally for thne past patronage, solici.
ting a continuance of the same. She will
endeavor as heretofore and is determined
to please thle most fastidious,
Alillinorv and Fancy Goods Stock is
complete, French Pattern Hats, trimmed
and untrimmed,Straw Hlats and B3onnels,
Run liats and Sailors, liibbons, Silks,
Laces, Flowers, Feathers, Illsone, Nook
iecs Ituffling, Linen and Lace Sette,
JHandkerchiefs, Corsets, Gloves, Biuttons,
Second lot of Spring Calicoes, also a nice
lot of Dress Good s, Mohairs, Alpaeag,
Japanese t'ilks, WVash PopdInei
andl other ie Materiats aiid
Trimng s. Call and
see, Ladieowfo.r your
A large lo6 of Mt~ n', Ladies d
Children's Shoes, Gent' tud Boys Yf
and Straw Hats, f1ie and Ootr~i
A oboloe lot of Family Groceries am
dies,' (skes Naokoeer Toba4oQgu,. n
lerose,iaSIl . Hatdw,are, oodq .,