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WINNSBORO, S. 0.
TUESDAY, JUNE 95, : : z1sa.
X. LEA.YS DAVIS, &DItOR.
JNO B. EYNOLDS, ASSOOIuTE RDITOS.
THE COLUMmOA Register calmly
dissects Swails, the canary-colored
carpet- bagger of Williamsburg,
who is putting on airs and prepar
ing to fight the Democracy. Will
Attorney General Youmans or some
other gentleman kindly look after
Swails and see that he is safely
ensconced in the penitentiary ere the
chilly blasts of November freeze
his young blood I
THE ADVERTISING columns of the
Edgefield Advertiser contain over
twenty nominations for the Logis
lature and nearly a dozen for coun
ty commissioners. The friends 6f
these gentlemen apprecinto the
value of printer's ink. That county
sends also a strong delegation to
the State Convention, the delegates
being Speaker Sheppard, Senator
Gary, U. S. Senator Butler, Con
gressman (by right) Tilhnan,
Solicitor Abney and "King" Calli
son. The Edgefield people are
California is a strange place. It
was settled with the odds and ends
of creation. And although many
of her citizens are the peers of any
one, she has a floating population of
the worst character. San FraT.cis
co is the loafing place and rallying
centre of all the tramps of the
the Pacific coast, containing about
ten thousand of these out of a voting
population of twenty-seven thous
and. Heretofore this vote has
fluctuated between the two great
parties. But not long since a man
named Kearney inaugurated the
Communistic movement, and rallied
around his banner all the tramps
bummers hoodlums" of the city to
gether with a number of disaffected
workingmen. The result was shown
last week. An election was held for
delegates to Constitutional Conven
tion, Such a body should be con,
posed of the ablost and purest citi
zens of a State. Kearney nominat
ed his candidates in every county.
The best citizens of both parties
combined against the Co munists,
anId brought ouIt a non,'par'tisan
ticket. Bour'bon Democrats and
RIadical Rspublicans also each nomi..
nated a ticket. In San Francisco
the Communists polled twelve
thousands votes, the. non -partisans
eight thousand, and the two straight
tickets, only seven thousand between
them. The Communists thus so
cured about one-fourth the regular
delegates to the convention, besides
possibly securing the thirty-two
delegates at large. The result is
not known, but the Communists
claim the convention This is a ter -
rible crew to have the fixing up of
A constitution for a State. This
war-cry is death or expulsion of
Chinamen, destruction of monopo
lies (a good thing) division of
wealth, and increased wages, regard
less of skili, all comprehended under
the sententious motto "the rights of
The progress of this 'movement
will be closely watched. California
will be fortunate if she escapes
without a serious injury. One les
son of importance here taught is the
necessity of unity. Had all the
good elements combined instead of
nominating three different tickets,
Kearney and his hoodlums would
have been summarily squelched.
Danger ever attenlds divisions,
One of the principal duties of
the next Legislature will be a
renewal of the action of its pre..
decessor in regard to the phosphate
interest. This interest ought to
be of great importance to the State.
If properly managed it is alleged
that the revenue derived from
phosphates will be sufficient to pay
off the debt of the State. In past
years gross mism.anagemont and
fraud have robbed the State of a
great portion of -the revenue. At
thme last session. two mannre wr,.o
proposed. Oue was to divide out
all the phosphate-bearing streams
among several mining companies,,
giving to each the exclusive right
to a certain territory. The other
scheme was to leave the business
open to competition, so that any
individual might dig the rock on
payment of the royalty. The form
or measure passed, whether by the
aid of a powerful lobby, as was
charged, or not, we do not know.
It is alleged that since the ad
journmont of the Legislature
tho territory granted to certain of
the companies is worthless; and
that in reality all the privileges of
mining are centered in two or three
companies under the same control,!
thus making an immense monopoly.
If this allegation is true the Stato.
may well be alarmed. For as the
coal companies of Pennsylvania
combine to regulate production
and forco coal to an exorbitant!
figure, so the phosphate monopoly
can produce just so much rock as
is necessary not to violate the
charters of the respective compa
nies, and thus maintain the price
at the highest figure ; whereas, by
allowing free compotition the price
of the phosphates will be regulated
by the lawv of supply and demand.
The State desires not only to
utilize this dead capital but to
utilize it as rapidly as possible. A
monopoly prevents this. It is
argued that a large outlay of
capital is requisite to carry on the
business, and that the State must
protect this capital by granting it
exclusive rights. On the other
hand there are instances where
private individuals with only a flat
and a pair of oyster tongs have
achieved an independence by
gathering the rock from the river
beds and selling it to the factories.
It is absurd to say that every small
miner would establish his own
works. He would find it more
profitable to dry the rock and sell
it at the mills.
Besides, and above all this, is
the abstract principle that monopo
lies are a burden and a curse to
every country that suffers them to
exist. The railroad monopoly, the
telegraph monopoly, the coal
monopoly, have wrought incalcula
ble ruin upon the people at large,
and their effects should have
opened the eye of the public long
ago. This phosphate monopoly
appears to be another link in the
lengthening chain that binds the
masses hand and foot. Some steps
should be taken to see that the
State suffers no detriment Mass
meetings have already been held in
Charleston and Beaufort, and a
lively fight is promised in the
Legislature next fall. This phos
phate business has been a job from
the first. We do not charge any
bad faith on the part of the last
Legislat ure. Tbhey, doubtless, were
at sea, and voted in accordance
with the most plausible arguments.
The eyes of all should, however',
now be opened. A good Legisla.
ture will put down a monopoly
wherever it app)ears.
AN INTERVIEw WITH REDMloND.
Judge Field has just returned from
the mountains. He reports every
thing quiet and serene in that
section, and gave us the synopi
of a six hours' interview with Major
Lewis WV. Redmond. which, for
want of space, cannot be published
in this issue. Redmond is willing
for his whole life to be published to
the world, and aya there is nothing
in it whiich lie is ashamed of, unless:
it be his last raid on Gary, which
now his better judgment condemns,
but at the time his judgment was
overridden by recent and bitter
pelrecution at the handa of Gary.-..
A powverful bar magnet, in con
nection with a Grove battery, has,
been successfully used in Lsondon
in extracting a chip of steel from
the eye of a mechanic. Whben the'
magnet was four inches from the
eye, the chip of steel sprang from
the lens where it had lodged to the1
inner surface of the corner, whence,
it was removed without much
Baby Shows are the rage every
where, and we understand that the
universal.i'emedy used to keep the
$ypiap. It conitams pe* opiate.
THE GR4 TEFt7L POODLE.
One day a benevolent physician,
having found a stray poodle suor
ing from a broken leg, conveyed
the poor creature to his home, and
after setting and bandaging the
injured limb gave the little outcast
its liberty again, and thought no
more about the matter. But how
great was his surprise, 111)on open
ing his door one morning, some days
later, to find. the grateful poodle
patiently waiting there, and in i;s
company another stray dog, one of
whose legs, by some accident, had
The next morning the benevolent
physician found the two dogs,
beaming with gratitude, waiting at
his door, and with them two other
dogs-cripples. The cripples were
speedily healed, and the four went
their way, leaving the benevo'ent
physician more overcomo by pious
wonder than ever. The clay passed,
the morning came. There at the
door sat now the four reconstructed
dogs, and with them four others
requiring reconstruction. This clay
also passed, and another noining
came ;and now sixteen dogs, eight
of them newly crippled, occupied
the sidewalk, arl the people were
going around. By noon the brok:,n
legs wcre all set, but the pious
wonder in the good physician's
breast was beginning to get mixed
with involuntary profanity.' The
sun rose once more, and exhibited
thirty two dogs, sixteen of them
with broken legs occupying the
sidewalk and half of the street ; the
human spectators took up the rest
of the room. The cries of the
wounded, the songs of the he alo
brutes nd the comments of the
on -looking citizens made great an..t
inspiring cheer, but traffic was in
terrupted in that street. The
good physician hired a couple of
assistant surgeons and got through
his benevolent work before dark,
first taking The precaution to cancel
his church membership, so that he
might express himself the latitude
which the case required.
But some things have their limit.
When once more the nor-ning
dawned and the good physi ian
looked out upon a m.issed an f.r
reaching multitude of cl:unorous
and beseeching dogs, lie said "I
might. as well acknowledge it, I
have been fooled by the b:,oks ; they
only tell the pretty part of the story
and then stop. Fetch ine the shot.
gun ; this thing has gone along
f r enough."
He isstaed forth with his weapon,
and chanced to- step upon the tail
of the original peodle, -Who-prompt
ly bit him on' the leg. Now the
great and good work which this
poodle had been engaged in bad
engendered in him such a mlighty
and augmenting entlinsiasn as to
turn his weak head at last and
drive him macf A month later,
wvhen the benevolent ph ynician lay
in the death throes of hydrop hobia,
he called his weeping friends about
him and said:
"Beware of the books. They tell
but half of the story. 'Whenever a
poor wretch asks.you for help and
you feel'a ddubt.as to what result
many flow fr-om -your benevolence,
give yourself the benefit of the
doubt and kill the applicant."
Arnd so saying, lie turned his face
to the wall anid gave up the ghost.
-Mark Twain in Atlantic Month
GERUMAN SocIAMsar,-A dispatch
from -Paris says that there is still
agitation in Germany about the
measures wvhich the government is
alleged to be in rfavor' of taking for
the repression of Socialism. The
German newspapers, notwithstand
ing the absorbing questions before
the Congress, are continually r-.
porting arrests of Socialists and in
terruptions of meetings. The So .
cialist journal, the New Press,
asserts that the examining magis..
trate of one of tho Berlin courts
said that as far as the investigation
hand p)roceeded there wvas not the
least reason to suppose that No
bilgen was connected wvith the
HERiEsY.--The trustees of Van-'
derbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.,
have dIischargedi Prof. A. *Winchell1
for alleged heresy, the heresy con
sisting in a belief in evolution and
the Nebular theory.
A poultry expert informs the
Maine Farmer that the best way
to prevent hans eating their eggs
is to eat the hens.
Oorn:er of Broad and WVashington Streets,
TT AS been thoroughly renovated, re
...L.modeoled and newly furpishedl. It
Is located in tho centre of bns
Telegraph Ofmoe in the ilotel building.
Exp)ress Offioo in the same bilock. Post
OfHeeo only one block off. All other pu1b
lie conveniences close at hand.
.$0 The Of11ee of the Hotel will be
open during the night;.a~nd gnests will be
received or cmdIed at b y hour.
. - V V...-MOOR E,.Proprietor.
Rates ofB.oardi $2,00 per 'day,
pt2039. .............. . ... .,
TILE NEWS AND HERALD.
IN the campaign th at is now opening
TnE NEWs AND IEIaA1D proposes to keep
its readers fully 1osted as to events oc.
eurring in National, State and County
politics. It has heretofore labored earn
estly in the cause of good government.
and its efforts in future will be redoubled.
In order to accomplish the greatest good,
it desires to reach every citizen of Fairfie:d
County. To attain this end the follow
ing special rates are offerod for the cam
Tri-weekly, to the 15th November, $1.50.
Weekly, to the 15th November, - - 1.00.
t'- ('ash, in every case, must accompany
Cards nominating candidates will be
inserted at the following rates, in advaner:
For each candidate, 1 inch, one in
sertion. - - - - $1.00.
For the campaign, in Weekly and
Tri-weekly, - - - 5.00
Pledges of candidates at the same lates
as the above.
Proceedings of clubs or communica
tions, when they contain nominations,
come under the rules for advertising,
But the paper will be open for the legit.
imate discussion, within rcasonable
bounds, of the merits of all those candi
dates whose names are appearing in its
advertising columns. Equal privileges
will bo accorded to all true Democrats.
We ask that subscriptions and nomi
nation s be handed in at once.
.0 All business commaunications
s'ould be addressed to the
WINNSBOltO PUBLISIN3 CO.
SPI1N HAS CO1B,
New StyIe Goods
TJ ARRIVF.D, includling, all tue
-11noni I'it-, of the an,at the W\inins
hero Dry G, Hncy Goods and
MIIS. BOAG wishes to return her sin
eer: thanks to her friends and the public
generally for tue past patronage, solici
ting a continuance of the name. She will
endeavor as heretofore and is determined
to Ileaseir the muost fastidious.
Millinerv and Fancy Goods Stock is
;oualaht', French Patatr4:111 Ifats, trim ted
11(1 un t2rinunel,St raw 1 lats aniid Ibolnnets,
Sun llats nd1 Sailors, I.ibbons, Silis,
Laces, Flowers, Feathers, Illusions, Neck
Ties, Iti:fdling, Lione and. Lace Setts,
Ilandkerebhief. Corsets G.?loves, Buttons,
Second lot of Spring Calicos, ailso a nice
lot of Dress Goods, 31oi'iirs, Al pacas,
Japanese niliss. Wiash Popa ins,
and1, other nice Main-,f a, .m11
see, Ladies, for your
A large lot of .\en's, Ladie~s' and1(
ChIld ren's Shoes. Gents' r ud( Boyvs' Fur
and Strnaw Halts, line and1, cour! io.
A choice lot e' Famrily3 rocer'ios, Caon
dhies, ('akes. \lackerol. Tlobacco Cigars,
Kerosene Oil, l1iardware, W oodenware,
Tinw'are, Crockery, &c.
A quantity of Lumbar for salo low foi
muarch :M JT. 0. ]B( \sQ.
TIo mli ClIIAl'S nild( M alllI('(hetui'el's
(ilmnc;e, Smith & Co.
SOLICIToRs OF .PaTraNTs AND
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
American and Foreign Patents.
629 F St., Wnshiiligionl, D. C.
o fees in advance, nor until a Patent ii
all o w edh . .j'oIfsfe&r neth ing pre!lminry
Special attentiona piven ho Interfere ce
Cases before the l'aitmnt (flice, Infringe
ments Suit.s in tI-e diller int State's. an(
all litigation appertaining to Patents o:
Seud .Stamp for Pampidkl of si.rly page.
NTOTICE is given to all persons i:
IJ sany wise Interested in this thn
estate of William Dawkinms, deceased, tha1
8. M. Dawl ins, as ad ministrator of 5fal(
estate, will apply to the .Judge of Probat
at Winnsboro, 8. O0, oa.the 10th day o
July next, "i ' linal disol arge.
june l3--x i.in - 8. .\. DA'n KINS.
fastaddi5res NY, HARV T
Atlanta, Georgia. -. juna 18.-ly
ON!: DOLLAR A YEAR.
r "liE cirenlation of this popular now. i
J..paper has more than trebled during
the past year. It contains all the leading.
newv contained in the D.ur.Y HnRALD,
and is arranged in handy departments.
embraces special dispatches from all
quarters of the globe, together with un
biassed, faithful and graphic pictures
of the great War in Europe. Under the
are given the Tolographie Dispatches of
the woo; from all parts of the Union.
'Ths feature alone makes
THE WEEKLY HERALD
the most valuable newspaper in the
world, as it is the choapest,
Every week is given a faithful report of
embracing complete and comprehensivo
despatelhes .-om Vashington, including
full reports of the speetlles of eminent
politicians on the questions of the hour.
THE FARM DEPARTMENT
of the WEF:I Y IEnU.LD gives tho latest
as well as the most practical suggestions
and discoveries relating to tie duties of
the farmer, hints for raising Cattle, Poul
try. Grains, Trees, Vegetables. &c , &o,
with suggestions for keeping buildings
and fitaming utensils, in repair. This'is
supp l1tnited by a well edited depart
ment, widely copied, under the head of
giving recipes for practical- dishes, hints
for making clothing and for keeping up
with the latest fashions at the lowest
price. Letters from our Paris an.1 Lan..
don corre-ponderts on the very latest
fssh ion s The Home Department of tho'
WE:EKIY 11aIIALD wiil save the housewife
more than ono hundred times the Inice
of the paper,
ONE DOLLAR A YEAR..
There is a page devoted to all the
latest. phases c:f the bnsiness markets,
Crops, Merchandise. &e., &c. A valuable
feature is feund in the speciall) report
ed prie., and euonditions of
THE PRODUCE MAE 'ET.
Whil-a nIl the news from the last fire to
to the )iscovery of Stanley are to be
founed in the Wli:R.Y ILEnALD', due atten
tioi is give i to
SPORTING NEWS .
ait home and abroad, together with a
'tory every week, a Sermon by some
eininiulit d.vine, Lit erary, Musical, Dra
matic, P ersc nal and Sea Notes. There is
no pap er in the world which contains so
much news matter every week as the
WEEi HE..D, which is sent, postage
free, for One Dollar. You may s tbscribe
at any time.
THE NEW YORK HERALD
in a weekly form,
ONE DOLLAR A YEAR.
Papers publishing this prospectus
without being authorized will not neces
sarily receive an nxchange.
XEWT YORfK IRA LD,
BIroadlwayi andi Ann Street, New York.
T0TAL EIINCE SMOIl W!E THAE IT
There is a curious story about sonme native
wines wvhich are extensively advertised nowa
days, and have only recently been put upon
the market. Dr. U ndcrhill,* the well-known
. ape-growe.r of Creot Point, died in 187r.
'ome of his hcirs entertained temperance
views of such extreme kind, that they were
unwilling to allow the stock of wincs then on
hand to be sold or any more to be made.
The grapes have .sometimes been sent to
market, and sometimes left to decay upon
the vines. It is only now that the other heirs
have succeeded in arranging for a settlement
of the estate and the sale of the wines eon
hand. Anmon g these Is a wine of the vintage
of 1864, described as a "Sweet Union Port,*
but suggesting the Tm perial Tokay more
than any other European wine, and being
wholly unlike any other wine of Amercans
growth. Its purity, age and mellowness are
remarkable, and both physicians and wine
fanciers have a special interest in it as the
oldest native wvine now accessible in any eon
Isiderable qumantity. Trhe whole stock is in the
hiiands of the well-known wholesale grocery'
house of the Thurbers.-NT. Y. Triduns,
The above speaks for itself, but we would
add that this Is the pure juice of the grape,
neithe r drugged, liquored nor watered ; that It
has been ripened and mellowed by age, and
for medicinal or sacramental purposes it is
unsurpassed. It can be obtained from most
of the leading Druggists throughout the
United States, and at wholesale from the
undersIgned, who will forward descriptivo
pamphlet, free of charge, on application.
H. K. & F. B. THURBER & Co.
West B3nrdway, Reade and Hudsoa ,i5Ya,v
Notice to Taxpayers.
AUDIOR's th irea,
WsanNonuo, S. C., May 28, 1878.
rNHIs ofmco w ill b)o open from the 1s6
Iof .Juoo to tho '20th of July, 1878, to
receive Tlax Rloturm it for the 11iseal year
1878. By orders from the Comptroller
General the real estate will also be ro
assessedi at the sameo time. All male
persons betwveen the ages of twenty-one
and sixty years are liable to Poll Tax, and
I ilatend at the following places on
the days specified, for the purpose of
F'onsterville. ,Juno 14 and 16.
Monticello, June 17 and 18.
Jo,tinsville, Juno 19 and 20. '
?4orob, Juno 21l and 22.
Doko .lune 24 and 25.
Dear Creek, Juno 26 and 27.
RIdgeway. June 28 and 29.
Durham'si, July 1 and 2.
Gladden's Grove, July 3 and 4.
Woodward's, July 6 arid 6.
I.- N. WITHERS,
may SO...tA A...tor F. .