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WINNSBBORO. S. C.
7URSDAtY, JULY 16, :I::IS1.
X. MEAXS DA Vi., E'IT0on.
JNO 8. REYNOLDS, ASsocIAT8 EDITOR.
In no department havo the bloss3
inge of D -mocratio rule been more
marked during the past year than
in the public schools. For the
first time sinco the in:Iugnration
of the system it lai ie,g:a to ho a
bonetit insto.d of a builrtea to the
people, and under the h.tand.i of tht,
otlicials who have thu1 f.rr wi un>;;t.
such an iwproveiiut it will c in
tinne to grow in popular favor. In
Fairfiold especially, the schools
have done well, the chief drawback i
being the want of muouey. It is
hoped that before long Fairfield
will be a banner county.
The practico of exuuining teach
ers, while it has boun distasteful to
0o13, has boon of gru.tt advant.tgo
in offacting an improveont in the
to tehors thu-i,vJs. '.h) pracoice
will be c;altin I pnl in.: tLiv, anid
entionued tl'.r)s will h. m1e,
year. after yo:ar, to raise the
standard. Arely tlo Stato l3iard
has taken a stop in th.tt dirertion.
(iostion: will ho prop uro0. by the
board, a dil'orent sorios fLr o tih
of the throe gra les, an I sn' to (1he
countion, the gntostions boilg se.l
until they arc brought into the ex
atnination room. In this way there
will bo 110 chance for favoriitisn
and the State Bar1 will be
satistiod of the coimlp;tenyov f thea
teachers admitted. Itorotofore it
has beon a stalldinlg Vxcust - of
applicalts that thlay are "rusty" in
their studios, and have had no timo1
for special preparutionl. This
excuse will0 not avail herofter.
h:tel applicant is expecte,l to pre,
pare himself or hor silf beforehand,
and any failurd in this respect is
of course the fault of the atpplicant
and no one olso. The exUinitions,
will not take place for several
i1onthls yet, and there is plenlty
of time for preparation. As there
is but one set of questions for
each grado, it will be seen that
there can be but one d ly for ex
amiunation, ol which all applie.ts
mtust present I themiiselves. The
exlrlamiationls cannlot st retch OVer1
ai dozen days as they did in the
sprinlg. Of'theo details, full notice
will be given at the propler tie,
mecanwhilo aplicanfts oan prepure
The Spirit of the Primaries.
Gen. Juo. Biatton, our Counaty
Chairman, lhas sent to the different
Dodoratic Clubs tihe following cir~
culari, explanatory of the true spirit
and intent of the primiary system of
FAR MINOTox, July 13, 1878.
To TuE PnEsIDENT ov -- CLUn .
As there seemas to be a mnisappro
hiension as5 to the operation of the
primary election sybteml, I denAm it
necessary to. call your attention
The very gist of thc pri:mary olec
tiuon mode of making our* part y
nlomlinations, is the porfect freedom
of individual muembersa of the party
to exercise peismnal preferee in
easting their votes for candidatos,
and tile perfect freedom of individu
al members ofthe paurty to become
candidates for the nomination. No
organized body of Democrats, und(er
without rsrcig ooo es
this fedm;adsc cino h
part of a rglrcu sicmxil
with the idea on wiich theprmy
election system is based, and vio-lates
the spirit of the rules and regnia.
tions recentliy adopted for the
government of our party.
You wvill tl:orefore se> to it th it
the tmda~t freedom b0 llIowedl to
thle members of your club, both as to
the nomination of can didates for the'
party nominations, and suIpportinig
their para'~on d p'oforon '.oi for the
H Candidates for our party nomna..
the party should evince his india
vidual ehoice in casting his voto.
No club pr other organizedl body of
Democrats shottld, by its8 action as
such, obligato its mlemlbers to' vote
for any amned candidate at a pri,
mary eetidti.- When, however, tile
party nobunation has been decided
at a pria'ary, election, by a majority
our organiz+tion is in full force, and
rc(ulir(s every member of our ) trty
to 11 p)rt it without yefe'rencO) to
person il proforeico or j'O gin)tlt.
,Tho iitii)st freedom of 1rC1so)naLl
will inust be allowed at prti nltry
e'eetiols---tlhe stl i-testt Comtlpilimce
with t he m in ltes of the organiz,:a
tion must be observed in the general
You w ill see to it that there is a
proper understanding of this matter
in your Clnb. JNo. BRATTON,
'1'he E 1rope-in lro C(iong.es haS1s lap
palreit'y stli'ed ly) 'T'mrkey inl a way
t. >;tti.:d all the (Great Powers. All
of Turkey in Eu:"ope in- Cte of t he
B.lkans has been taken away.
Russia gets the city of Bitoum in
Asia. In the meantime Disraeli
hats procured the adoption of a
privato treaty between Groat
Brit.iin and Turkey, in which the
former protects the latter's interest
in Asia, and receives the island of
Cyprus for a taval stttion. Cyprus
is the most casitern of tho islands
in the Archipelago, and Coutnmtnmds
the Suez C.mal aw1 Asiatic Turkey,
tlls ensutnring lDritfish Dominion in
tih E iist. Disraeli, who is i de -
scen,ldcnt of the tribe of Judah, han
all along 1lO,k(el out. for tio inter
edts of his people, and his nnex.
pet ed stroke m:y be regarded as a
p trtiatl fultiithnent of till) l)l)lcho
that tho Jews will r('tu rn to
:P.lesl tin . British caplit'il and
0 it eprise ean work wol.lers in
tha t histo) r. reg5.ion. Motst er[ities
y '.tonl this feat of .1)isr.ieli as
rai.,ing him to the higihest pinlnaclc
of sittliship; but the New
York lc: -ul( pr'ofess.s t > seo only
a yiclliug byv Great Britain of
L'rmils prop,1.:el by 111.sia ve-irs
a1.go. . 1t. says I lit Nichol is offret
to let, Etghind have E;vpt in ex
. tan !o for T rkis i pr.vin 1. but
t' it l"'-..l i1.1 i a only rofuta I t ,
at ,ree in this sthe.i1, but aetilaly
inlugnirated the (imean w tar.
Now, twenty yc:ars lator, Eigh:nd
d1o.s juAt wh, t~t the Czrt N'irhla:s
prol)p.ed then. Tie veight of
criticism is. however, decidedly in
favor of 13oeconstiel.
lItlssia is agitatbl with Socialisml,
andl the authorities are tiking
singlent me- tisuires to prevent an
caCPIl. S)oilismi is now at a low
ebb in Germ myi sine tihe infamiiouis
1ani.LS on t he E.nperar. A largec
niiunber of airrests h ive' been) made1.
feared, will be ractionairv, ini con,
seq ueceI2 of public feelinig. anid it
is fearedi Iis.n trek niy curt ail somec
o.' the liberties now entjoyed by the
F"or a wondLer, wvhi 1 distuirlbances
are grifue overy where else, France
is t pc ice The great. Espoit ion
lu s drawn thlousands; from~I every~
where, iand ha:s alrieady (learl e x
penises. A t last Faax isq-i,
and t hat too under the tri--color of
A1 QUF.ES'nL0. AISW E R EgD.
Hlow the "Dark Corner" Got its Name.
.iesars. E:'litr : Wa have 50oon
several articles in your papler as~kingo
wvhy and how this caime to be called
thet D.urrk Corner. TPhe interr ogatory
to, yoiu, Miessrs. E.litors, maiy seeml
aprop)riat.e--ease you hain't never
bnen up here. Now, Messrs. Editors,
that is one thing I don't think you
can anisur' very accurately, case yon
hain't beenI ini existonece long enong~h.
No doubt. you would hive tz go to
same Indian chiiaf who is porb- ps
inh ibiting some of the lo wer regions
-- place we3 dan't suspect you
would like much tci reconnoitor.
My daddy told me his daddy told
him, and his daddy come here wid
de big revolution war, and it didn't
spriIso <tOm to talk about do Dark
Corner, for it warn't 110 nowv nae.o
mi ante- revolution days, but in (Ion
days 't.cas a place right. Dey hadl
one street day called Bull Street,
and it was a Bully street ; for de
way demi Bullys did fite on and
about lection times and muster days,
and it is indtulded inooceaionailly yet.
I record it as a sign that another
letion is proaching, and doy all
can't get ofRece.
Now, Mr. 'fdditor, some fellow
cotnes up in .your ,papor, calling
himself "Fair Play' ard talking
abont us hayin a Mdr'ay
een." If lie had'been he're one hun
dred yeart ag and bad' sicoha
as dat, ho could have t,ld you somes
thing about the origin of the n.tmo I
of the D.trc Corner. S.)m11 of our <
old fogies aliways held tp a n.onson- I
siealt feloso u that the loot)n1 had it
speik in it just ats it realchld over
dis place, but it has I)een diseivered
by someo of ou 111 111 .-- , Who 1
,will no doubt yet astoulnd the wt.xid,
that this doctrine is falso. Tihe
general theorlin now accepted is c
that the man in the moon, who we;,
have always hiearin so much about,
simply passes over with his right t
eye shot. It is thought that he
closes it 'bout the time he reichos F
Ieivver C -eek. and keeps is slh.t till 1
'!r0sseL .a.o ul Iiver, thits in.king
it atppe-lr as of thn) moon was alwiys
(lippedl. Of cour-se this is the
Cli)ped off (1rnor.
',Ud S-riu r:r .
P. S. Parehed C.>1 ul.tld in
March is sed to be growing luxuri- t
antly (being parched on accunlnt of
the severity of the weather). Of
course, tle crows did not interfere
with the stand, as he is somewhat t
partial to raw food. 13. S.
SUT '11 CAROLI N IS.
A bear five and h df feet long, and
1w(ighing thro hundred pounbds,
was recentlr killed in Aiken county
IIog cholora h.is i ide its appear
anlce- in Pikens county. Several
hogs htave died from it.
A c".)lOre.l W,)m! n:une.l R ichel
I1rown, died of reli. iouls excitieent
in C harleston last week.
A numnlb)r Of pr)nlinent R11publi
cans are up for Congress in C.iarles
ton, but it is said that Senator Taft
rules the roost.1
Th'e Spart.antburg and Ashevillo
Raihroad his been1 c)mlpletie.l to the
clliuimit of the hut. llidge, nine
iik from Hieulelso)ville.
The tirst annut il reuliion of tile
survivors of the old Sixth Iie;ilent,
toi t h Carolina Volunteers, will
taike platce at h Iester on1 tae first o.f
Aulgust. A fine ti le is anticip.ited.
The property of the Sa,ith Caro
lin: It Rtilrot.l C )m his been
att.io.1 for i deb of sevei th.)t
sInd (Ilars)cll dte to the Teople'S
S.aviugs In.ditiion of Chilr!estm.
Ex-Smi:ltor Otirge F. LIii.
tyr e i is bec agail arrested and
lodge?d in Wa'zlter ('irIo. jil, on thie
oult carge of tfaletion vlile
t.rtasurer of Collcto.n c'oui ty.
Go vernor Hamptoni has granted
another respite to Jeff 1avid, the
negro convieto.l of the murder of
Mc. Fralnkliin il his sister in Abbe -
siile county. Tie respite extends
to the 23rd of August.
The Ch triestt)n RIdials talk of
running a "straight' ticket, but they.
are willing to comipromizse. Th'e
De m<:eraits are not willing, and will
ncm.ini)lte anld elect a full straight
Thnnniver.saryv of Edigifefidks
day, August 12, 18'76, will bo ceo
brated with a granld nuiss meeting,
b)arbeencainndpicnic. Comm.it tees have
been appointed, aind Guvernior
Hfampltoni hans been invited to be
OUn Monday last Mary Smnalls, a
negro chiildl about eight ye.tra oil1,
plaiying, ini COmpany with two other
children, around a (el ~street well
in Aiken, fell head-foremiost in and
was inst-intly killed by the bre ikin?g
of the skull anid the neck in the f.ail.
Rtobert Sm 1lls is tunderstood to
have alro.idy declared his in tentlion
of being a candid ite for the next
Congress, an I ex J udge Wiright is
to locate iln Beufort for the par1
pose of hocoi:ng a member of thme
next General Assembly fromi this
IHarveyV Trerry. the "b:m buz
zird, hans been sentenced by ,Judire
Aldrich to p'y a fine of tive hmnd.o e
dollars, 01 be imnprison)ed for six
mont hs, for publishing in the
CI.arlo tto Observer* an~ article re
fleeting, in an offensive manner,
upon Judge Shalw.
Mr. Thoas B. Harney,. of Sumi
ter, reeently intlicted a cowhiding
upon01 Jno. A. Whittemore, a brother
of the R1ev. II F., and postmaster at
that place. It seems that W'hiitte
more had trumpe:d up a charge of
mail robbery against Mr. Harney, of
which the latter- was prIompltly
acquitted by the petit inry in the
United States Court.
Some experiments of irrigation
on a large scalo are now being
mado-in the centre of Fr'anco. In
the very minddle of the French
territory there exists a tract of
country which is not Only unpro-.
ductive of any valuable crops, but
also dangerous as a place of resi
donce. The. distric.t in question
is called the Plain of Foroz, and it
extends for some twenty five miles
in length, from north to sath, and
al?O'ut. twelve miles in breadth, from
the mnounltains of the -Forez to
those of the Beaujolies country,.
asar Saint Eticinne. -It has a'nar
Iy. Ad.aurface~ pIylded into two un
equal parts by the Lorne, and con-I
,tllins nbout. 155,00d acres. A
li1antity of )ools or lakes h:avo
)>ol t -ltt.ered. over this surf ice,
ii which for two years the water
viiiclh iuns down f'riimi the sur
'-) ldikNg lltll ttla rimg>s has. 1)ehn
tllow"d to acceutiiiilate, annl1 havo
itrved as fish pouds, in which 6i;h
vere put, bred,. and then caught
and eaten by tire neighboring in
ilittants. For the following two
rears the ponds have been drained,.
is well as could be, and the ground
ised for the cultivation of grass
aid some sorts of cereals. But
1eithier in the wet ye.ir: nor the
fry ye:ars, the season of corn or of
:trp, has4 the country been either
-o:tily dry or properly sublerged.
k st hgiLat mllorass 1a14 alway-i 'eel
he best (le3criptior lor the g:et, r
)art of this i>)tlr, and the miasat
trising therefrom has been. con..
ilutlly productive of disastrous
evers. This is the country upon
vhticlt the engineers employed by
io departnent have been oi king
'or soiu ye l1s past. It is now
said that their operations have
succueded, and that tho outlay of
upital is beginning to be remu1an
). ative. At the same Limo the
.'ainago water has been utilized
or purposes of irrig._tion not far
The Unitc.1 5t ites pays annually
;o other countries $100,000,000 for
m.gar and mltlass(es.
At ev.ry birth in l i Oil H tic's
inily, F:tber-in -law Zitch Chand
or ci ds a check for $20,003.
;1a nt arcal.i, .iti y Acadlumily,
WILMINGTO, N. C.
X.' Session begins 23r 1 of :'ptclm.
L Ur. A full corps ot competent in1
tOuet ,r'S. L >e.;i ln. 1un .lri> t;o i. ciiool
110r1 t".11v ettaipew1. an,l expenuses
to. t'rate. As oli at fe.v vacancies exist,
aost'e who desire to enter are rtlutestedt
o apply at once. For ca 11logu1es,
Aatatress .1J, 1. J. 1Uit((EtSi,
july 16 t31 1'.1rinipal.
THE PAPER TO TAKE.
ENTEni:IIS1.1. t itELIAB3LE }
LIE CHRONICLE & SENTINEL1.
(E.. abilisue.l 17d.j.)
wl) rarnas1 C.)asO1.I11T, Matrch 16, 1877.
111 C.IIt\IUL'" & CON.'TI1'U1'ION
A L.', f, 1i)ally, Fri .Wee I an.l Week
.y,) the olv miornItig pape r1 puaished in
-t! . y o1 A1ti- ;st.1, tn i.tl t.,e o.lyi P tat r
-et'elv'Ill;t tlt, u ay1.. 1i..patt::es of t]10
ttw 1 e. . t' i"iatetl P'resis. iT ntO l
no01i ing l.iperL pitlisheii. I in Easterri
Jeot)1 a ou-, W esternl 5.)uth 0"ar1otIlna.
i.r grtater idva ntages to advettisers
ant1 ilny llaper ini ttie 04on hi.
a he C.lron i.. & (.x. it i i ml t is
dnicasilles.: itis. pinin upon'~lc' all
unpoI'rtan~t maIltter', areO featrlessly express
tu.e coing wintter sei&. nie r:.:,
U Wa,nIing4t on, Athrntti an lii Co.411lumia,
vrill keep 0.ar re.i.t.-; 1f1lly info>-mi -d of
lina.. Its l'onuneeiac ltRepor'ts aire care'
:u11ty coml jiledt, ian.i are full amiiil acec urUo..
Now~ is lie l.ime t.o subscibe.
Daily, :3 It per aun11tOi; Tri- Wuek ly, $5;
Weel,ly (ai mamml*tothi street) $2, cash in
tilvante. Eatch e.dit,iou se'nt treeolf post
july 14-tf Matnagers,
Iliet Stat(i of' North Carolli11a,
COUNTY OF FAIRIF[lI,J.
W HERtEAS, Thoimas W. Srni'g1 haith
maiide suit tol lmet to grant him i
r'tters of adm10inistation of (i thei estate1 and1
These5 are therefore to cite anid acd m. -nti:h
dii and( singumlaw thie kindred and ctrid-itors
fi thle said D)aniel S'o1tt, de4'4ois(ed, that
ii Probaite, to bhel a01i itt i'a:rneld Court i
I0tnse. S. I ., n thte 24th day13 of July3
'clock in Ohe foren'foon, to- show canseit, if
ny they' haive, why tihe sa.i adiistra-.
101 shiouldl not be granted.
Given under my hatnd, this Sah day
f July, Anno Donini 1875.
0'. RL. TilOMPSON,
July 9-txlaw2- J P. F. C.
r.O Preserving Fruits, Meats, Vogo
t. tables01, et--., *s rcomm1leRded( by3 Dris.
edin'igs, ' oalley, Diavoga, and othir
'ro).iin 1nt physicians. F"amiry flights,
12.00 each. A pply to
Agent, for Fatirtleld,.
)r to Jan'. A . innlfant or T. E. Bell.
july 4-t ximI
[N order to close up ther b-nineq, of
'o1. Wolfo, great iucoints will b
effered to Cash buyers for tho neoxt sx,ty
The stouk of goods, contsixting of Dtry
1ootd, Notions. Lamr3 Ribbons, Ilosiery,
llothing, H.tt.s, Trunks, Shoon &e., wvill.
eo ofred at and balow Now York' cost,
POR OASII ONLY,
Money miut bo mrised., aind easit pttr
basers will certainly find it to their
nterost to call 1and4 oxamino the stoek
nd be oonvinoed of the above faote,
ian, 3-isa . . A. WOLE,Vh
THE NEWS AND 1IERALD.
IN the campaign th at is now opening
TEua- N e ws .un I Ii.a.u,u pro poses to keep.
its readers ftlly 1 osted as to events oc
cturrin)g in National, Stato and' County
Spolitics. It has heretoforo labored earn
estly in the cause of good government.
and its tIorts in ftilro will be redoubled.
In order to aecomplish the greatest good,.
it desires toRvach every citizen of Fairfiod
County. To attain this end the- follow
ing sp cial rates. are offered. for the caln
'Fri-weekly, to t!e 1':th November, $1.50.
11 eekly, to the 15th November, - - 1.00..
:.I (ah, in crery case, must accompany;
Cards nolmin.atin,; candid'atcs will be
inserted at the toliowing rates,. in-ad'canco:
For each candidate, 1 inch, one in
sertion, - - - - $1.00..
For the campaign, in. Weekly and
Tri.weekly, - - - 5.00
Pledges of caudidates-at the same zates.
as the above.
Proceedings of clu-bs or comnmunica
tions, when they contain nominations,.
come unler the ruiles for advertising,
But the paper will be open for the legit
imato discussion, within- rasonablo
bounds, of the merits of all those candi
dates whoso names are appearing in its
advertising- columns. Eq,unl privileges.
will b accorded to all true Demoorat..
We ask that subscriptions and nomi
nations be handed in at once.
P All business communimto.ttions
shou-ld be addressed to the
WINN-SiiOltO PJllfIsuiN( Co.
'T'ho Most P'opular Scientific Paper in the.
Ohiy $3:20 a Year, Inoliiding Postnge..
5A'c.5 camas v mn. 4.000 iio0n rPaoEsa1
r1Ti.:'; CEN.'IIC AM'ETGC.\N (is a'
1lar::ir.at -class weekly nuws;aper of
-iS:tee. t, en, prinlted in t:it 11hiSt ben1r
tiftul st "l., protwely i-lustrated with
sll,n litt e'n:;ra%"cs r< presenting the
niw-st in 'entinuls ctanl the most recent
a,lv.aces in the arts and'sciences; inclu
dir4- llmeclhanic: and enlginceering, stean
('lginieering. railo'ay. 1amiing, civil, gas,
and IHydraulic engineering, mill wori,,
iron, steel and metal wors; chemistry
al chemical processes: Electricity, light,.
heat. sound: '.e!,ohnolngy, photography,
printing,. new m'"chinery, new prOcesses,
new re,"cip)es. imp,rov'mnucrlts peortaining'
to te"xtile inditstry, wea(ing, dyeing, col
oring new indlusi trial- pro<lu ts, aniial'
veg.-rable and nmieral new and interest
ing l.ems in agricitIture, hort'iculture, the
homa, healtIh. 1me lie.l process. acciatr
science, nat ulal hitory, geology,astrono-.
l1he' amost valuable practical' papers,
by~ enimient writers in all depaartumnts of
science, w..ill be fondl in the .Scientinoc
Am narican; the whrlolea pre'senlted in popua
lari lazmnage fr'efromi technical terrms,.
ill n't.r:ata-l witi a enr:.ving's,ma-l so ar
as .n led aas tn' i t :rg aend ii .','im all'
s cislit ile Amearican is promalotive oaf
k n ovledte and progress in every comn
tanunity wherc .it circuh.jes.. It sh'ould
have ahlce im every tfamily, reading
roiom, libramry, co;lego or sehcol. Tlormns
$3-''m per year', SI. ti half year, whlicli
iuilindes '.ah) pr iI(en-t Of poastage. D)is
cont to Cluhs anda Agents. SinfJ
:oplies ten'1 5em.9 co1ld by all1 Neuasd eat..
e'rs. Itemat by piOsil order to MUNN & *'4
CO)... Publishers.37 Park flow, New York.
PA TENTS. wa ~ ohe"t
"olite'trs of A.mei(rican andl Foreign Pal
tents, andl haive thme largest est,abliadunent
in the worblI. Patenats are tbtainedl on.
tihe hest termns. Models of neO'v inv'C
tions-andl sketachas eaxmnineod, and advie
t.ree. A sp.eci1.l-mntice is amade in the
ei entIifi e Ameaa'ricma a'r all in.ventions
Jpatenlte4d throangh thiis agenacy, with tho.
naimean itr re'si-lence of the patentee.
Plla e nient11ion1 is thmus di recte'd to the
T,riti oaf the ne'w ptat, and11 alesa or in
Aiay per'asaen w..hoa hats amamd a new dip
coEveryv or~ in v<-n Iion , cnn ascertain, f'ree
of clamrge, whetheri a pateant camn probaibly
beo obhtaine,'I lay writing. to the under
aigned. A'ddress for thlt Pamper, or con
Mt1NbN & C0,,
87 Par'k Row, New York,
lanah ofilee, Corner F anad 7th Streets.
.y 8..tf Washington, 1). U,
TO lIni entor's and( MIanlu'acturers..
Gilm'.'e, Smith & Co,
Souc'TOaRs OF I ATENTS AND
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
American and Foreign htents.
6i29 F, St., WashInden~, D. C.
o feos la advance, nor' until a Patont is
aill owed l. ho ,emJ/tr Ir6Ung prmleinar
Special attentilon given to Interfere co
(Caaes before (,h0 1'atnt Ofilco, .InfriDge.'
menatmi ita in the differenlt t'4tates, andic
alt litigation aptalitnning to P'atents or
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4YJ,114 BMy' o
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