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_______t__ nub PetaLb.
TRl-WEEKLY EDITION.} l INNSBORO, s. C-., S T UR D A V JrV 197M v1CrT
Agents ! Read This I
We will pay Ag-its a salary of $10. pvr In )nth
and expenses to sell our New and Wonderful
Inventions. Arldroas 8ILItMAN & CO., Mar
PI A N B neans re r R G A N
$1000 Only 25. Superb Orand Square Planos,
price $1,100 only $255. Elegant pri ght Pinos,
price$830 only $155. New style upright Pianos
$112.50, Organs $85. Organs 12 stops $72.'0.
Church Organl3 16 stors price $.390 only $115.
Elegant $375 Mirror Top Oigans, only 105.
Buyers, come and see m at, lone : it I atn nrt
as represented. It. It. fare pail both ways and
Piano or Organ given free. Lirgo Illustrated
Newspaper with much information abaut cost
of Pianos and Organs se't free. Please ad
dress DANIEl. F. 13EATTY, Washington, N. J.
FOR A CASE OF CATAR RH
$50 That SANDFORD'S RADICAL CUIIIl
for Catarrh will not instantly relieve
and speedily cure. Reference. Henry
Wells, Esq., Wells, Fargo & Co., Au
rora, N. Y.; Win. Bowen, St. Louis.
5 Testimonials and treatise by mall.
Price, with improv.ed i nhiler $1. Sold
evert"where. VEEICS & t'OTTElt,
Proprietors, Boston, Mass.
PAItSON'S PURGATIVE I'ILLS make new rich
blood, and will completely change the 110 iin
the entire system in three months. Any per
son who will takn one pill each night from
one to twelve weeks may be restored to sound
health, If such a thing be possible. Sent by
- mall for eight letter stanps. I. S. JOHNSON
& CO., Bangor, Maine.
HAMPTON AND HOME RULE
The lews and Coide
A LIVE AND FEARLESS
DE MO CRA TIC NE W SPA PE R.
Largest Circulation n the City.
Largest. Circulation in tho State.
Largest Circulation in the Cotton States.
ALL TIfi NEWS ABOUT "iS'It CAiROLINA.
ALL H'lE NE\% S A BOtT'" 'iI E 80U''i.
ALL TIlE NEWS FROM EVERY WIIEIE.
1'uro Ind Undelled Dem iocracy
UNION! JUSTICE! EQUAL RIGh TS!
0Recognizing the paramtount interest felt, In the
approaching pollitcal canvass br every
Democrat who hopes to see ihe great
work of the Itedlcmpt ton of t he State
made complte and permnn"t so
that. the 1eople mlay 3 reap and
fully en oy the truit, of
THE NEWS AND COURIER will direct
all its energies and resources to pre
senting frot day to day, end
from wcek to is eek. full and
interesting account. of
the progress of the
t' To place the paper within the reach of
everybody during this exeiling contest we
have determined to offer to ,Mali Subscribers
Reduoed Rates for the Campaign :
TIlE NEWS AND COt?tlit;lt, D.tily Edit ion,
0 A'o nOths.... I..E.'...... 'eki.$400
TIlE NEWS ANI. D)tIlEt e1riV kly 0
Edition. (I months................. 200
THE WEEKLY NE% 8,6 months............ 75
Subscriptions will be r,.,"vei at. these rates,
FOl NAI. S1iSCRIIIEI'' ONLY, until May
15. I i all cases the cash must, accompany the
Friends of th.e cause of honest home rule in
all the counties are invited to aid ui in swelling
our Campaign Subscription List, which oug:1t
to include every intelligent voter in the State.
,flIORDAN & DAW SON, Proprietors,
March ls-tf CHIALILEST ON, 8. C.
WE are niow receiving a splendid
150 pieces Prints.
10 " Cambriosi,
10 " Crotones.
A fine lot of Wash Poplins, beautiful
line of white and figurod Contonnial
Sleached Homespuns, Sursuckers, Cotton
Diaper, Table Lineon and Damaskc,
and the prettiest assortmetnt Table
Cloths and Doylios to matoh
in the market, and many
other goods which
please call and
A full line of Straw, Pelt and Wool
-We hM*elstays taken a pride in ouer
Shoe departuient. We can, now say that
we have the most doinpieto stock of
she rboh to this market.
'~Gt S 58A ALL.
Columbia Business Cards.
I_ EADQUARTERIS for cheapest Gro
aerites and Hardware in Col, n.hia
to be found at the old reliable house of
LOIRICK & LOWRiANCE.
_ ~IX'S, Portraits, Photographs, Store
oscopcs, fc. All old pictures
copied. Art Gallery Building, 1211 Main
Street, Coluitbia, S. C Visitors are
cordially invited to call and examine.
IAILES ELIAS,formerly of Camden,
. iaw novo:l to Colnmbia, an opened
a large stock, of )ry Goods +tnul Notions,
Iloots, Shoes. Trunks and Valises. Satis
faction gnartnt -ed.
~ d~ CLIG'S GALLERY--Opposite
the Wheeler lIouie. Portraits,
Photographs, Ainbroty pes and Ferroty pes
finished in the latest style of the art
Old pletures copimd and enlarged to any
size. V. A. R1 ;KLING, Proprietor.
D JEW'KS & DAVIS, importers and
dealers in Watches, CIocks.-Jewel y,
Silver and Plated Ware, Ilouse Ft rnish
ing Guod4, &c. N. 11. --Watches and jeew
elry repaired. Columbia, S. t'. oct 27-y
FROM NEW YORK
AN elegant lot of Spring Prints, Can
brics, White Pique, Figured Piqut-s,
Long Cloth, t'ottonatles, Lalies' and
Gents' Hosiery, i'anitkerchiefs, Towels,
&e., and are offered at the lowest cash
prices. J. M. BEATY.
The celebrated "Bay State" standard
screwed and wire sewed Shoas,a specialty
at J. t. lEATY'S. Try them, and you
will be conviuced of their durability.
I in offering for sale "Grant's Yen t
Powders." every box gut antee,l to give
satisfaction, or moeov refunded Ilease
give it a trial. J. M. 13LATY.
Go to J. MI. B AT'S for the best
Family Flour, Moal, Grist, Rice. Hams
(Bran-leil "C'tallengo,") Larl, Bacon,
Snogr an: Coll -e, very low prica , Tea,
Cractkers, Catn.1y, Soap, Starch, Bluing,
do li, Con. Lye, Mustar 1, Peches, To
mattocs. Sardines, Salion, Popper,
Spice, Ginvor, Nutmet . an-l m-ny other
things ucessary for tamily coml'ort.
J. M. PEATY'S
S .EL, Swe-lo Ir n, Plow-motilds,
k.L Trace Chains, lalame, Back Ban s.
(irtin Cmiutllei, Soyt:ies. Ilra le's I fo s,
Shovels. Garlen I-lt an,t Rt1ok;. Nails,
IIorse and Mule S.toesa.id Nails, Cutlery
B B. Ro" Co lar I3nekets, Galvanized
Hoop (-tdar Buckets, Painted Buckets.
Well Buckets, Kegs, Measures, Brooms,
&c. Crockery and Tinware
TOTAL ABSTINENCE SAVING WINE TILL IT
There is a.curious story about some native
wines which are extensively advertiard nowa
days. and have only recently been put upon
the market. Dr. Underhill, the well-known
grape-grower of Croton Point, dit d in 1875.
Some of his heirs entertalntd temperance
views of such extreme kind, that they were
unwilling to allow the stock of wines then on
hand to be sold or any more to be made.
The grapes have sometimes been sent to
market, and sometimes left to decay upon
the vines. It is only now that the other heirs
have succeeded in arranling for a settlement
of the estate and the sale of the wines on
hand, A mong these i3 a wine cf the i intage
of z864j, described as a " Sweet UnIon Port,"
bet suggesting the Imperial Trokn y more
than any other European wine, and being
wholly unlike any other wvine of American
growth. Its purity, age and mellowness are
remarkable, and both physicians and wine
fanciers have a specIal interest in it as the
oldest native wvine now accessible in any con.
siderabhe quantity. The whole stock in the
had fthe wetlI-known wholesale grocery
house of the T1hurbers.-N. I. Tribuene,
Nov. i9, z&/7.
The above speaks for Itself, but we would
add dhat thIs Is the pure julce of the grape,
neither drugged, lignored nor watered: that it
has been ripened and mellowed by age, and
for medicInal or sacramental purpo.scs it is
unsurpassed. It can be obtained from most
of the leading Druggists throughout the
United States, and at wholesale from theI
undersigned, who will forward descriptive
pamphlet, free of charge, on applIcatIon.
H. K. & F. B. THURBER & CO.
Wed Onrdway, Reads and Hfudson Strst4
N order to oloso up the business of
sol. Wolfe, groat inducements wilt be
)ffered to Cash buyers for the next sixty
The stook of goods, consisting of Dry
3oods, Notions, Lacos, Ribbons, Hosiery,
ilothing, Hate, Trunks, Shoes ~&o., will
be offered at and below Now York eost,
B'OR OASHI ONLY.
Money must be raised, and cash pur
3haser will certainly find it to their
interest to call and exatnino the stook
nm be convinced of the above facts.
Jane 8-if8. 8. WVOLFE,
TO MARE MONEY
Pleasant1y and fa ,ents slioal'4 ad
ar.as FINL?Y. -HA vB ACO.n - At1n
I Never Shall IIorgt thei F"ir"sl
Ain. II. 11. 8Tasva :-- PROVIDENCE.
1) 'ar sir -1 I 1ve b'en a groat sulTerer trotr
Drop.-;y. I vai cottIld to 1iy It ie I ir
I hall at y ear. Iilx lnoiltts of the ttme I wva,
entirely lelples. I was obli,cd to have t w
linen helII mit in a' ot 0i t :. I IV-t swoller
UUnetedn illehe, 1La rr ttan mny onaturul,siz
uroll 'I Iny w tiit. I ~suffere'i all a in in cout
an ilive I tri.'t all rl"medies for :).opsy.
had il: 'e lTeret,t docto.is \ly frienis aI
expectedi I would (lini trt.n nigilts I wI ex
peeled to die b1fore rnornlig. Al. I t Vegettic
was sent me bv ai friend. I never rh:tll fo.-gel
the first do.;c I could realize 1i. (I )d eff,"etl
from tity to day : I Iai geit.I!g beL ter After
had taken somne five or six bot,t Ies I coilil sieejl
quite w'll at, nights I beg-in to ao1101
quito fait. After taking sonle tenl totttlc:..
could walk flom Oe p:art of tilly roon to til
other. tv api't ito was goo I : the dropsy hat
at.titi ine diappe:tIr'd I kept taking the
Vegetine utlt I regfaluil mnr usut:t1 hiralti
hr(l or at gra l in my cures by using VIegtin
after I got out tin I was able to atlead to i
work. I amn a cap'nler and bullli^r I wit
a1st$) tSc1V ithis elred an aunt. of n." wvifes o
Neuralgia, who had stiffored for more Ih 11
twenty years Si3e says she It 1i not had
Neuralgia for ("Iglll iloliths. I have giv,. I
to ne of liy c liitilre for Canker 1114lliir.
tivie nn oubt in mliy inl:l it will e.t - any' hi
nm tr ; ii Is it g. e:t. het n ter of I ii blood ; it I:
safe to give i child I will recomtn.'nil It toi i
weild. 313 fat her lI el i tt1- years o1-1, alid hI
Say, there is nott iglke It to give strengil
and if.e to an atgei p.1rsi. 1 cannot be to0
thanlk:tl fort(he usI i ao t.. I an,
Very grateluilly yours,
JOHN S. NOTTAGE.
Ata. DIs' As1:s or Tx Bl.oO--If 'egeljne wil
rellive p-tin. ele tise. pit:l ft, andi cure suel
dIseases, restornl'.C the p illent 10 perfec
he:lith aftert,rvi 'i different pieviltllus, mnl
remedlles.suffering for years, i It, not, eiiet
siveprof, iIf you are ia sufferer, you l'tln b1
cured ? Vhy 1; I his letilcine perfoi ining suel
.niuli llres I It works in thir- bloo:l, ini Ihe eirl
cul.aiIg 1* flnid II call truly be called il
(Ireat Io' I PII'urier. ''he great su-i C' of dis
ease orlst'1-tes in the bioo.l : and 110 ilmedlelii
that dloe"s'a)t n''t :lirectly 11.)o:11P. to purify an(
renovate, lia; Jutst, latul u;on public attenliou
I Owe My ih[al i h to Your Valua.
bIe Yegit ine
Nr:WI'llT, KY., April 29, 1877.
II. It. STEVENs, Eseq.:
Dear Sl-) ltvi+g suff:'red from a brenkinl
out of Cankelous Sores for lur" than ilvi
year,s, caused by an at.eildent ui a f.'r:e
hone, whllie1 Italiure ranl into at 'runntnl
Rlot. and hatvinlg uled everythinlg
coul thitnk of and 1101 hing helped me
until I ha:ul Ia .en six b ,t.tle. of yourli valuli1
ntedls lue wlelh \lr. 31ilier the apothecarr re
c(mmntuledl Very' hIghly. Thew sixth hot.tI
('tired ie, d niltil I ca n say, is that I owe in,
he-tith i your v'Ilu:th:e Vegetine.
Yoatr mlo;t- Uldle.ll Si'rval1 n.
ALIIEIt' ON 1OLDEII.
$ It, IS 1'Te CCssa1"t fo'' m11 to Ptnumlerate thl
ditse.s- S. for whlich the Veget!1') should be used
I Kitw lft o tl ease which will not nlti, of it.
u;0 wit.h good results Almost. Int(tirabl
("omtpt.sints are calu41d by polsonous seerc
t!;i-i Iho blood w1iteh (,an; b, eatirely ex
Sleic'1 frn m the s.istem by the use of I
\ VEGETIINN \ hen the blood 1. perrectl;
cl'a ui se:1 ti cl--e.t t rt:ldly ylels all paltl
cease I he:lt.hv il :tno.l is p:unomiply rest,ored, an
tihe patient 'Is cured.''
Cured Mo 11 hen tho floetrr
CINCINN.\I"II, 0 , April 10, 1877.
Dn IT. It STiVss:
De it Si:'-I w.is s'rlousit tinutbl"d w* ,1 KI
tOV Complaint for a lonug time. I hu + con
sulitd the beii t, dcitors in thi; City. I hiav
-,u('d ('tIiu 'eget Inc fi'r t; disrasc. and It ha
cured m'" whin the doctors filed to do so.
Y I11" 11,ru v.
Eh NES' ltIJOAN Rrsid:'nce 62f Rae- St.
Place .o bus ies, oa ientral Avellue.
-I'll hI'AItED iY
II R. STEVENS,
Vegl'f.in, isvol.l by ill Druggis .
LONGCLOTH and SEA ISLgAND
BLEACHED and UNBLEACHED,
SHEETING I SHEETING I
L. C, HANDKERCIfFS,
Call and Examine Our
BLACK ALPACA I
.Cheapest and Best in Town.
*~ -E- r~~~'.
THE CAVES OF OLD BALDY.
EXPLAINING THE INTERIOR OF
Walli of Granite--Fresh Wisiires--The
Bottom of the Mountain Falling Out
(Correspondence ofthe Charlotle Observer.]
Torches and larters having been
prepared the night before, the
mountain was climbed early in the
morning. A circuitous route had to
be taken to reach the cave's mouth,
five hundred feet up the precipitous
and in some places perpendicular
mountain side. After much panting
and blowing (affording great amuse
ment to the guide) our party, con
sisting of Mr. Gray, of Charlotte,
the guide and the reporter, reached
the desired point, and no time was
lost in effecting an entrance
Torches and lanterns were lighted,
a matter acconlplished with some
difficulty on account of the rush of
the cold air passing out of the cave.
The entrance is only two and a half
feet high by four feet wide, so dowvn
we go on all fours and crawl through
for some five feet. We move cau
tiously forward, assisted by daylight
for the first twenty feet, when the
passage makes a bend to the left,
and to-ches are required for the
next hundred feet, daylight then
again being perceptible, coming I
in through a window four feet wide
and two feet high. Twenty feet
further the entrance passage is 'n
tersected by five other apartments
of the same character as the one by
which we entered, two of greater
and three of lesser dimensions, one
leading to the window opening upon
the perpendicular face of the inoun
tain, the other through the solid
gntiss Iunning faterally and at
light angles with the sides directly
tow.rds its centre, some ascending,
FOLLOWING TIE MAIM PASSAGE
- until daik, without the aid of our
toi ches, prevailed, a grand spectacle
was piesented. The rugged walls
rose mau.,estically on either si,.ofor one
h in:red feet, ra gged. sharp -pointed,
shaggy-looking rocks and huge
bolders, seemingly covered with
myriads of diamonds, each one re
flecting -rays of light, shining,
spraik.ing, flashing all the colors of
ti.e iainbow before our dazzled eyes.
Huge masses of granite jutted forth
on aa sides, small fissures nestled
away invisible except to close in,
spection, as if ashamed of their
sialness. A solitary bat, aroused
by the light, frightedly dashed itself
against tte walls in frantic efforts to
1egain its wonted gloom. Large
flakes of granite, some forty by
eighty feet, partly sc.led from the
sides, still iemained undetached
like a half- detached weatherboard
fastened at one end. Particles of
rock, some weighing tons and others
gr ound to powder, lay scattered
aroun(I in great profusion, and, far
above from where we stood, a sun -
beam famntly struggled through a
small crevice above the window,
barely tinging the darkened wall
like the touch of a fairy's golden
A better idea can be obtained of
the appearance and
CHARlACTER 01 THE cAVE
by imagining a large cavern running
over five hundred feet into the
mountamn, about three hundred feet
wide, ranging in height from twelve
to two hundred feet, and divided
into six smaller caves, separty
priionedb also gneiss, vary.
ing trmono to sixty feet in jhick
ness, all connected either above or
below the partitions. These caves
all have a junction inside, only two
obtaining egress to the mountain
side, one through the mouth and the
other through the window. The
mountain passage runs due east
directly into the heart of the moun-.
tain over three hundred feet dQwn
ward at first, and then changes its
coni se, wvinding almost spirally, in
some places perpendicularly, grow
ing g:adually smaller, until ob$tainis g
an altitude of two hundred feesj
gromn its bottom. '
The next two longest 'nearly
equal to the one just d eecihbed it!
extent,. but do not take a spiral
course. The other three have an
average size of about half the. fi
mnensions of the largest, the courses
of the five besring on evr~ po(~n
of the compass. Gneis, i$r1q
with seams of white Aint ansiQ~
slonally mica,. cowpase the oI
format4on of the *#91e e9ye,~
anineral oreso4 -)9found. I
WATER AND FIRE.
The cave was evidently re^ently
formed by a convulsion in the bow-.
els of the mountain. Not a particle
of rock could be seen with moss
clinging to it; the walls all seemed to
have been riven apart, every piece of
rock examined showing a newly
broken sur!aco. The inside of the
mountain is undoubtedly sir%king,
else where could the fallen rock have
gone ? Having sunk lower. a vacu
urn must have been created for their
reception. What created this vacu
um? The rock formation of the
mountain is solid gneiss, therefore,
water alone could not wear it out.
It might be caused by a convulsion
deep down in the mountain, forcing
an opening even through solid rock.
But granting this, what is the
motive power of said convulsion ?
Steam, generated by the contact of
water with fire. is the most natural
conclusion. We know that water
penetrates through parts of the
mountain, springs flowing from its
top, pools sinking near its base, and
single drops percolating through
the solid r cck, sl1wly but steadily,
collecting gradu illy sufficient water
which, if encountering a heated
surface, generate sufficient steam
to make a fissure somewhere in its
effot ts to escape. Thaf there has
been, and does yet exist (perhaps in
a smaller quantity) fire in Bald
Mountains is a very piLusible theory.
Dozens of surrounding Mountains
have the same water action, yet no
rumblings, jars, splitting or inward
sinking have occurred. There is
positive evidence that Bald Moun
tain has experienced all of these,
not only once, but time and again.
Must not heat then exist in its
bowels, in connection with water, to
cause these convulsions, when no
other mountain without the aid of
heat of similar formation, is or has
been subject to them ?
THE SENSATIONAL FISSURE,
causing so much excitement a
month ago, was explored after
leaving the cave. Climbing to the
cave was bad enough, but like
walking down hill compared with
the latter ascent. The fiseure is
about a. thousand feot up the
mountain. nearly on the top, and
has not increased much in size sinco
first discovered. Its width varics
from one to eight feet. It descendd
into the mountain, in some places,
seventy feet, with nowhere a great-.
or width than ten feet, betideen
walls of solid granite. Unlike the
cave, it wa.s not caused by. caving
in, but in a separation cauged by
convulsions. For two hundred
feet it follows an easterly course,
almost parallel with that Of the
mountain, then branches off diago
nally to the south east for some
hundred and twenty feet. Just
above the old, a new fissure of
seemingly trifling dimensions runs
up towards the top at right angles
with the other about tw.snty, feet.
Fifty feet lower down, cracks can
be seen in the sli4 side , -:'the
mountamn, indicating an impencding
splitting or caving oft of this end.
WVhenever this does occur5 the
noise and concussion will be great.
enough to convince tho neighboring
people that B.tldt M~ountain has de
veloped into a first class volcano-a4
last. The neighbors. do not seeni
mn the least frightened by the late
dlevelopements, he -ne grown" ac-.
eustomed to "Baloy," as they fantil..
larly term him. F~our ye:ars ago,
when volcamec evidences ,first ap
pearedt all land ad'itedt)'to the
mountain cotl have been pu'rchde
ad for twenty flye cents an acre, but.
sow nothing less than full .valua..
bion can induce a sale. The widow,
Brackett and seven daughiters lie'
it the mountain -immedcIately unl
ier the cave, (the grand 'bliildreb'
were too numrerous to count)' in a
log cabin with craecks six inohes be
bween the loges. The old lady waA
>f course, interviewed, as sh61Md
been a resident of that iooality forr
four years, all the effor ts oic baej
neighbors to induce her, to logpv,
proving fretitless. Slie tes,tiie
that wvheix the split c'Aeured' it nioti
ago, ram~bling. -could ben 4106W4
plainly, accompanied Iyy jarg, ;I,'we
weeks since she had theard lon
rumblings but no shoe wase expei-.
anced, do the Wolse w attiti
to falliny bculdr kfor :dKye'Wt
rti-ast noise the Oa%oWe gdaddi
sovered,an. ever Sityeen tJ oggo
are, occasionaly. shew'ar ,
Thei re offeoraketh d'
she waes,' aftrid otobi i e b4
by sliding rockedr U' y
anyJ9w,"6sp l~1~,p ~j
use a-iiuovl ?EetupIto9