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WINNSBORO, 8. 0.
N'SVDLY, AV a GVT1, : s 1878.
A. KfACS DA VI8, IDITOR.
JNO . 8.?NOLDS, AssAOIATi DITOA.
TnE RADIOALS in Chester have
waked up. A convention or mass ,
meeting was held last week to send
delegates to Columbia. During
the meeting a white man named
Bradley announced himself as a
Radical candidate for the Legisla
ture. This is but the beginning.
A Threatened Conflict.
The controversy between the
United States and South Carolina
in reference to the trial of the
murderers of Ladd is assuming
grave proportions. When Judge
Kershaw refused a transfer of the
case to the United States Circuit
Court, he intimated that he would
yield to the State or United States
Supreme Court, but to no other.
Governor Hampton desired that the
case should be taken up regularly
through the courts. This at first
was also the determination of
President Hayes and Attorney
General Devens. But Secretary
Evarts was called into consultation,
and opposed any such disposition
of the case. He thought that
Judge Bond should be sent down
forthwith with his pockets full of
writs of habeas corpus, and take
charge of the case and the revenue
affairs, nolens volens. A number of
the stalwart Republicans in tiiatod
that Hayes lacked backbone and
was afraid of Hampton, while
bloody shirt organs spattered Gen,
eral Kershaw all over as a boss
ku,klux and an incipient rebel. In
consequence Mr. Hayes has con
cluded to ignore the course of law
altogether, and to capture the
officials forthwith. He intimates
that force will be used to gain pos
session of them, if necessary.
What Judge Kershaw and Gover
nor Hampton will do is not known.
The decision of the former was
conclusive, that the killing of Ladd,
even if done in self-defence, was
a common law offence, and could
not be said to have been done in
the course of official duty. Things
have come to a pretty pass when
revenue officials can shoot mon
dead in their tracks and then escape
justice beneath the shadowv of the
United States Court. We hope
the State officials will stand firm
in their position, and take any
measures, short of actual bloodshed,
to maintain the supremacy of State
laws over criminals against the
The Fourth Congressional District.
The Radicals will make a desper
ate effort to secure the next House
in order to elect their president in
case the election is thrown into
that body. Besides making strenu
ous efforts in the North and West,
the national commnittee will organ
ize a fierce campaign in doubtful
districts in the South. Among
these is classed the fourth district in
South Carolina. Here is what the
New York Times, the leading Radli
cal paper of the Union, says on this
In South Carolina, if General
Hampton's professions of honesty
count for anything, and he can
carry out his avowed intention of
securing a fair election, the Re
publicans should carry the Firet,
Second, Fourth and Fifth Dis
tricts, which would be a gain of
one. The Fourth, now represented
by John H. Evins, a Democrat, was
carried against Alexander S. Wal~.
lace, by a majority of several thou..
sand. This result, however, was
due as much to the unpopularity of
the Itepublican candidate as to the
tactics of the notorious "up-country
white Jliners." The district is one
up.on which the Congressional
Conmmittee could with profit bestow
a great deal of attention. The
First) Second and ~Fifth Districts
wall certainly return Republicans,
if candidates can be found who will
take the risk of running, and any
reasonable assurance is given that
the colored voters will not be
molested while exercising their
Some $imu ago,.it was announced
that leading Republican orators
would canvass those dobat%ble dis
tricts and endeavor once more to
array the races in antagonism. It
is therefore wise to be on the aleit,
and throw as much enthusiasm and
earnestness into the Congressional
race as any other, A capture of
the House of Representatives by
the Radicals is a necessity.
They must do that or die. The
constitution provides that if no
presidential candidate shall have
received a majority of the electoral
vote, the three highest candidates
must be put before the House, and
the House will vote by States, each
State casting one vote which is
determined by a majority of the
delegation from that State. Where
a delegation is evenly divided the
State loses its vote. The present
House could not elect. For there
are eighteen Radical and eighteen
Democratic States, with two, Cali
fornia and Florida, divided. A
majority of the States is twenty.
The object of each party is to
control the delegations of twenty
States in the next House. South
Carolina is at present Republican,
having three Republican and two
Democratid representatives. There
is an opportunity for a lively little
fight. The Democrats must carry
at least three districts, in order to
transfer the State to the Demo
cratic column. Hence it is a
matter of still greater importance
than ever to return Colonel Evins
to Congress. Let the Democrats of
the district be on the alert.
(Fon T''u NFWS AND HERALD.]
THE MEETING AT SALEM.
llfessrs. Editors ; One of the
most pleasant days your corre
spondent over spent was at the above
place on Friday, the 26th of July, at
a barbecue and picnic. The affair
was gotten up by the Salem Demo
cratic Club, recently organized, and
the scholars of Mr. W. J. Keller's
school. The club now numbers
about fifty-four members, and is
rapidly increasing. But to the
pleasures of the day. The selection
of the ground was very judicious,
being in a beautiful grove. of wide
spreading oaks in front of the resi
dence of Mr. G. B. Pettigrew, to
whose active agency the success of
the day is partly due. By ton
o'clock the grounds were dotted
over by the beauty of Salem, accom,
panied by stalwart Democrats, with
a considerable sprinkling of the
sale race. Early in the day could
be heard the tuning up of violins,
and not long after, many couples
wero tripping the light fantastic toe.
This most innocent of all pastimes
for young peopl)1 was kept up to the
hour of dinnor. About eleven
o'clock the examination of the Salem
school was made by Rev. WV. Rich
ardson, our present efficient school
commissioner. The scholars by
their bright faces and ready replies
showed a high degree of proficiency,
which reflectedi great credit on their
aptness and applicaiion, and the
diligence and p)erseverance of their
teacher. At one o'clock dinner was
announced. There our pen begins
to fail. Woe wish there were somne
strouger word to apply to success
than complete. The table was one
hundred and fifty feet long, and
almost groaning under the wveight
of the varied good things piled
upon it. We can certainly say, in
fact everybody says, we never saw
as bountiful a supply of odiales put
before a hungry crowd. Everybody
got enough-ladies, childlren, men
and our colored friends. After
dinner dancing set in with a vim.
'Twas almost foolishness before, but
nowv everybody had got acqluain ted
with everybody else ; we all felt
good-felt that we had come to
gether, not only to eat, but to cole,
brate the disen thralmen t of glorious
old South Carolina. We felt that
four years age a barbecue, &c.,
could hardly be gotten up in our
county. 'We were then under a
yoke and could not enjoy it. But
now, howv different ! WVe give
pleasure free wings and let her soar
There were some speeches made
in the afternoon, but as your corre
spondent heard almost nothing of
them, he is unable to report. We
believe Messrs. Lyles, Clayton,
Richardson (this gentleman excluA
sively for the advancement of our
common schools) and Herron spoke.
The crowd seemed to be disap'.
pointed at the non,-appearance of
our present able representatives,
Mqssrs. H. A. Gailarda nd T. .
Brice. It was, however, stated that
Mr. Gaillard intended to bu with us,
but was compelled to stay at home
on account of toe illness of one of
All pleasant days must close. We
wore sorry, but old Sol's gradual
sinking to his virtuous couch told
us all to go and do likewise.
May the shades of Salem never
grow less. Our shadow never in~
tends to diminish as lon-, as we can
just occasionally get to such anoth.
or merry-making. Qur.
The diamond flashes all the more
brilliantly for its beautiful setting.
So that jewel, the mind, when con
tained in its casket, the body mado
beautiful by health, exhibits more
grandly its wondrous splendor.
And those desiring to enjoy that
high degree of health which pure
blood maintains should use Dr.
Bull's Bluod Mixture.
Attention 1 Fairfield Fire Engino
rII regular monthly meeting of this
1Company will be held in Town Hall
on Friday evening, the 2nd instant, at 8J
E. S. CIIANDLER,
aug I Secreth:ry.
FOR THE LEGISLATURE.
Messrs. lditors:-Please announce Mr.
J. W. ROBINSON a c.tdidato for a
seat in the Legislature. .% r. Robinson
is a gentleman of undoubted integrity,
honesty and intelligence.
augl-lt MANY FrIENDS.
LONGCLOTH and SEA ISLAND
BLEACHED and UNBLEACHED,
SHEETING! SHEETING I
L. C. HANDKERCHIEFS,
Call and Examine Our
BLACK ALPACA !
Cheapest and .Beat in Town.
4J F. McMYaster & Co.
SPRINU HAS CO1YI,
NWow Style Goods
U IST A RRIVED, including, all hie
c novelties of thie season, at the Winns
boro Dry Goods, Fancy Goods and
MRS. BOAG wishes to return her sin
cere thanks to her friends and tdo public
generally for the p)ast patronage, solici
ting a continuan~eo of the same. She will
endeavor as heretofore and is determined
to please the mo1(st fastidious.
Milliner.y and Fancy Gloods Stock is
comple)lte, French Pattern Hats, trimmined
and u1ntrimm1ed,Straw Hlats and Bonnets,
Sun Hats and Sailors, liibbons, Silks,
Laees, Flowers, Feathers, illusions, Neck
T1ies, Rlufiling, Linen and Lace Setts,
HandkerchiefE, Corsets, Gloves, Buttons,
Second lot of Spring Calicoes, also a nice
lot of Dress Goods, Mohairs, Alplaonls,
Japanese silks, WVash Poplins,
andl other nice Materials and
T1rimmaings. Call and
see, Ladies, for yel.r
A lartiolot of Men's, Ladies' and
Childrens a hoes, Gents' r nd Roys' Fur
and Strawv Hats, fine and course,
A choice lot of Family Groceries, Can
dies, Cakes, 31aekerol. Tobacco Cigars,
Kerosene Oil, Hard ware, Wocodenwaro,
Tlnwvare, Crockery, &c.
A quantity of Lumber for saie low for
mn:arnhi 1' 0.r . unOa.
FRESH TURNIP SEEDS i
Mason's Preserving Jars.
Concentrated Lye, Starch, Soap
Hyson, Gunpowder and
Sulphur, Brimstone, Morphine, Qui
nine, Chloroforn, August
Flower, Pain Killer,
and a large Assortment of Fresh
McMaster & Brice.
FROM NEW YORK
A N elegantlot of Spring Prints, Cam
brics, White Pique, Figured Piques,
Long Cloth, Cottonades, Ladies' and
Gents' Hosiery, llantkerchiefs, Towels,
&c., and are offered at the lowest cash
prices. J. M. BEATY.
The celebrated "Bay State" standard
screwed and wire sowed Shoes,a specialty
at J. 1. BEATY'S. Try them, and you
will be convinced of their durability.
I am oforint; for sale "Grant's Yea t
Powder.,." every box gua--antood to give
satist'. ction, or money refutndled. P'lease
give it a trial. J. M. HEATY.
Go to .J. M. 3 ATY'S for the be s
Family Flour, 'Meatl, Grist, Rice. Hams
(Branded "Chall:.,") Lar(1, Bacon,
Sugar and oflr:e, very lhw pricee;, Tea,
Crackers, Candy, Soap. Starch, Blueimr;.
Sola, Con. ly'e, Mustard, Peaches, To
matoes, Sardines, Salnion. Pepper,
Spie, Gin^er, Nutmegs anl many other ,
things necessary for family comfort.
J. M. BEATY'S
1TE'lEL, Swede Iran, P'low-imulds,
k T1race Chains, Hlames, Back Ban .si, -
Grain Crad'les, Scythes, Brade's HIos.
Shoels. Gamrdenu Hoies andt, fl:l;os. Nails. 71
Hlori'o and 3Mule Shioos al Nails, Gutleg
B. B. Ried Celar Buckets, Galvanized
11001 Ca'dar Buckets, Painted Buckets,
WVell Buckets, Kegs, .Veasures, B3roomus,
&c. Crockery and Tinware.
In the Prica of
COATS' AND CLARK'S T HREAD.r
fad Five Cents a Spool. -iz
Dr y Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes
very low for Cash, in order to make room
for V'all Stock.
Sugeniheimer & Groeschiel,
ul y 30-tf
The State of South Carolina
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
1BU 0. R. TII0MPSOX, &q., Probate .Jwlye.
H IEREAS, D)avid R. Flrmnniken hath
mia'Ie.suit to mue to grant him
letters of administration of the estate and
effects of Alexandor McKenzie, deceased:
TLheso are, therefore, to cite and adimon
et :med, that they to and appear before me,
in the Court of Probate, to be held at
Fairfield Court House, 5. (*., oni the (Ioa
day of August next, after pub)lication
m.ereof, at 11 o'clock in thme 'forenoon, to
show cause, if any they have, why the said
admmnistration should not be granted.
Given under my hand, tils 22nd day of
July, Anne Domini 1878.
. 0, It. THOMPSON,
July 23-2w JT. P. F,O.
FRUIT JARS I FRUIT JARS I
M'fASON'S celebrated fruit Jars, with
.JYLioyd s' Porcelain iAned Covers, for
june 25 J. F. MeMAa8TER &c00
J& P.COATS' SPOOL THEAD.
005Dozen, just received, for sale
at retail at 60 cents por dozen
ah,adto merchanis at N~ew York,
july 27 \oMASTER & BRIOE.
.500 "o* ot'Cotton for sale at
Julyv27 J. F. Mar cnas. .n
TE are now receiving a splendid
150 pieces Prints.
10 " Cainbrics,
10 " Crotones.
A fine lot of Wash Poplins, bmautiful
ine of whi:o and figured Centennial
Bleached Hiomespuns, Sursuolcers, Cotton
Diaper, Table Linen and Damask,
and the prcttictassortment Table
Cloths and Doylies to match
in tho market, and many
other goods which
please call and
A full line of Straw, Felt and Wool
We have always th ken a pride in our
'hoe department. We can now say that
so have the most complete stock of
;hoes ever brought to this market.
GIVE US A CALL.
PIANOS & ORGANS
A F an ufacturers' Prices,
?VERY MAN HIS OWN AGENT
C.UDDEN & BATES,
SAVANNA II, GA.,
IllE Great Wholesale Piano and Organ
..Dnlers oft tie South, now sell In
truments from all leading Makers direct
n purchoaers on the No Agents, No
onmmission Plan, at Manufactuirer's Fac
ory PRICES, thereby giving , urchasers
he large commissions heretofore paid
Lints. From $70 to $10') aetua'ly saved
ni the purchasv of on Instrument under
his nm"w system. Write for particulars.
Ve can't be undersold.
'HAT BE~AT THE WORLD.
Oct. Pianos, $135. j4 Stop Organs. $55.
O ct I 'ana.w'~ 1. r;* 8 top Organ~ s, 60.
4 Oct. Pianos, I C:. 1) 0 top Org ans, 67.
r'dl Sq'e Pianos, 178. I 12 Stop I rgans,78
MASON & HAMLIN ORGANS,
7 Stops, $100. j 9 Stops, $108.
Send North ahmd be~ Swindled.
Not by reputable makers like Stain wvay,
hickering, S:eek, Knabe, but by Bogus
[annfarctnrer. who advertise $000) Pianos
>r $2m60; $650) Pianos for S175; $27(I Or
anis for $65. Deception and fraud are
nm all such absurd offers. Buy Instrui
ients made by3 old1 and always reliablo
hickering &sonsB, IKnahe & Co.,
[allet & Davis. IMathu mshek P'n o. Co.,
[nines Bros., IMason & Ilamnlin.
And you will have those that wvilI last
lifetime and please you better every
ay. All Instraments wvo sell bear the
iakers naL,es aind are guaranteed for six
Fifteen D)ays Tr'i'l
f desired. We pay all freight if not
siisfactory. Illustrated Catalogues free.
LUDDEN & BATE~S,
april12 -3m Savannah, Ga.
W. (G. ROCHE5
MEIRCHANT TA ILOR,
LiAs removed to the store next to the
ost-oflice,,where he will be glad to re
cive his friends and customrers.
A fuill line of Samples will be kept on
mand, from wvhih customers may make
elections lie now has the finest line of
Frenchm an d English goods ever brought
o this market.
Hie is also pirepared to cut or to mnak
mp goods for those who desire.
Garments of all kinds repaired and
jfo' Cleaning a specialty.
Thankful to the p)ublio for past patron
go, ha solicits a cntinuance of 'the
amoe, and guarantees satisfaction.
sept 18 W. G. RIOCHE.
BIE'.1) ry (Goeds House cin e ou
BAll express freights paiti where th
irder is $10.01). Write a Psa afor S amp
lesa and Price List.
e. MC A*D &BRO,