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ri~b1~EE1IY DIT( ~.} 1NS~o. -. CTH URSDAY, SEp -'PT 5E 5,1T VOL.2.N.9
"TiIE FUN AT TEI FAIR I"
!f1'C EASON, ST124 TAG lRAAND HIPOILS
--TH11 T1I VNE'S #l1A E'S NESt
Some Lively Reminisconpes of the
Tinen that Tried Men's Souls--Tele
graims chat, w11ethor Genuine or
Bogus, are Mighty Interesting Leaf - .
74'nt Ilin New io:rk Tribuw, Awupst 29.)
There woro exciting timos in (io
luiabia, S. C., during tho early days
of Decombor, 1876. Two IRotises Qf
1opresentatives wore in sosmion in
the same room at the State--House,
each threatening to qjcet the other,
and only prOvqntad, from coming
into armed collision by the presence
of General Ruger and the Federal
troops he coinmandled. As early as
tho 2d or 8d of Deceinber it bocame
apparont that the State would be
counted for Hayes, and that an
attempt would be made tQ inaugu
rate Governor Chamberlain before
the close of the wqol. On t'he qt1
dispatclos1O mentioned the sudden
appearance in Columbia of several
thousand armed men, most of thom
with thoir blankets about thoir necks
and knapsacks at their backs, roe
pninding old rosidents of the city
very forcibly of the days yhei) Con
federato soldiers were oncaryped
about the Oapitol Qf the StatQ. The
presence of these riflo clubs at Co,
lunbia is history; how they were
brought is a story that has never
been told. The official account of it,
herewith given, prosents a vivid pic
ture of Southern society in timep of
great political oxcitewent.
The first in timation thlt Governor
Hampton would noed an armed
force at the Capitol is containeJ in
tho following tolograpn
CoiwMiniA, December 2, 187Q.
I. H. KENNEDY, VroonVille, S. G.
Fun expceted at the fair this
wock. Pripara for Iig"'h splort. IA,
best boys cease, but not too nl;Uiy,
uinloss well heeled.
V. 1!'. McBEE.
The next day the arr'ngeenonts
for ?securing a largo attendanceo at
the "fair" som to have boon much
nore complete, as the following
December 3, '76.
J. 11. EvlNs or T. H. BLESSINIGAME,
Spartanburg. S. C. :
For prudential roasons thought
best to securo presence of few true
,tnd prudeit men from different
counties. Can't you awd a few others
Come down to-nlQrrow ostensibly to
visit State fair T Can't you gQt
Captain DaviN to start q little earlier
and react Allston in time for pas
songara to reh Colnbia by 12
o'clock ? .If train does 1)ot nicot his
train at Allston, his train will be
allowed to run through to Columbia
as soon aS it roalehs Allston. Mon
will come from Greonville byr Air
Line road to-night to take Spartan
burg train for Columbia, Have
extra coach for them. Send this
telegram to some one in Union, that
some men thiere can come also.
T, S'ponp FannROW.
CoLMBAnn, December 4, 187g.
. M. Tuov, Julb IWill, S. C. :
Thadical plot discovered to eject
our members to-morrow. .Bring
forty or fifty men to--nighjt as a preft
caution. Be quiet and prompt.
E. M SIMs.
December %, 1q70,
JAs. AILEuN, Florence, 8. 0. :
Send up to-night all the right
men possible. Inauguration may
take place to-morrow. If' rifea can~
be concealed, ln'ing them. Don't
wait till to--morrow evening. Come
to State fair ostensibly.
Decelaber 8, 180
JA5. ALLEN, Filorence, S. C.:
Things are restless here, Chams
borlain xrayv attenmpt to be inauigu
rated to-morrowv. Prudential roa
sons demandl the presence of true
men from the-coountry. Could you
and others oo to-night to visit the
/isir ? U. G. HowAnp.
CoLmIunA, December 8, 1876.
W. L. MAUNDIN, Qreenyviloe:
I have telegrapheti Cagle too,
perhaps you had better consolidate r
n.n Fgtra train may leave droen-- I
'ille to-night, Bring best mpen, and I
oNl chest for fair. Answer.
V, E. Ic, p
COrUmI31A, Decomber 3, 1870. r
IV. b MAULDIN, Groonvillp, S, C.;
An extlra train will Iaye Spartan-.
mrg to-night, and If I don't' notify
rou that ono will leave Greenville
iou nwist talo Air Tino at 12 o'clock,
Lmd I will hold Spartanburg train
mntil you got thero.
Y. E. MABui.
Bo ready to leave at 12.
W. L,. MAUJLnIN, Qreonyille 3
Mako mozi bring blankets,
V. 1-. McBEE,
The business theso men hal at
,he State Fair sooms to havq been
very urgent, Tho two following
lispatches seom to rofer to the
same gathoring :
CuIAnLEstQN, Dec. 3, '70.
.IAJOn T. G. BARKERt, Columbia:
Hfave modified my views about
)loctoral voto. The course Hamnp
,on suggests is, I fear, necessary.
December 3, '70.
,ZEN. JAs. CONNEII, Charleston;
T11o Hunkadori Club on the way
bere for a row to-morrow. See
Pickens and delay train till ovenihig.
Was the course Hampton sug
gested, an4 which Opneral Connor
"feared" would bp necessary, ex
plaiipd by thp "row" the JiInkadori
Club was going to Colyipbia for ?
Of pourip Col. I-elton bad to be
consutlted at this critical juncture of
the affairs of the Democracy, and
the following very intelligible dis
uatcl NyaS therefqre pot to him:
COLUMBIA, December 4, '76.
WI. T. PEL'ON, Everett Houao,
Literati oligarchy roof insuifficient
f not whence losyitt's drear frou
tbbey reprobate palanquin imporish
tble with lottery republicato yith
,entu'ry boach citV, evaporrtod olints
mrly offic occlusion were shattered
>bsession paregoric imbricated
,vhen dints lot. (No. sig.)
Oou1ALA, December 5, '76.
Wu. T. PELTON, Everett House,
N. Y. :
Im potuouspaddle monody super
3xcellogk. oil to rogrpt ruddy by
punctiliQ sincere oil to Philippic
Stophen diary suot inconsolalo
ibsont still other your freestono
Itnds vernon bowl queen discontent
>d superstructuro ging ers here.
It is not at all remarkable that
0he "Queen" should be "discontent
3d" with the "suporstructure."
4lnost anybody would be.
On the 4th of December the Wal
ace (Don)ocratic) Houso of Ropro
tentatives withdrew from the State
EoiisO and thereafter met at Caroli.
ia Hall. On the same day, the
3uprome Court of the State heard
ruJo against Speaker Mackey (of
he Rtepublican House,) to shlow
~ause why he should not~ deliver the
oeturns received by him, as Sppaiker,
~o Gen. Wallace, Speaker of the
Democratic House. Mr. Mackey
masyered1, setting forth the facts ofI
uis election, an4 denied the juris
lictioni of the court over the ret urns.
What wyas going on outside of the
sourt roQom is briefly but graphically
lascribod( by one of the riflomen in
hxe following dispatch sent to a
riend at bomeo;
December 4, 1870.
['0 B~. L. DANNENMMEQ, Winnsboi'o,
All quiet now. Mackey speaking.
Killed'ten- Radicals. NAT,
Another dispatch of the sam~e
late is a good comrpanion--pioog for
December 4, 1876.
IDo N. A. HUFFMAN, No. 9 Germ~an
str.oot, Baltiore, Md.;
Send Jno, Agnew by express
wevlve thirty-two and six thirty
uight pistols. Greait excitement,
D'ull plate. AnTURn EMonY.
And here are more telegrates in
'egard tQ tihe assalage at the Stteto
Cnzts'in, S, 0,, December 4, '70.
i. 0. H AsKEIJ, Colunibia, S. C.:
Jim's telegraplhed for rmen. Do
fou want therm to-night ?
December 4, 1876.
Do Tnoms Biao, Bllackstock , F'air
field Co. :
We are all. safe. Kceep all your]
non in hand, and at horse, Please
:een your men in~ readiness so as tQ
aUoy at short notice.
H. J. CAMRJB0N.
Dpoombor 4, 187Q.
Lo S. H. CAMERON :
Don't be uneasy about mp, We
vill be up on to- tqorrow night. No
poro men leave our zeighborljood
mudor present orders.
H. J. 4MERON.
COLUMIA, December 4, 1876.
Vo U)n. W. E. AIKEN:
Men pouring in by hindrods,
Fampton sire ; inauguration to
norrow or aski1mishing. 1ring 14y
ylack suit. E W, AjKEN.
It soons, too, that BIr. 14anton
aarble had a finger in the South
Jarolia pie, as witnesq the follow
NEw YQRIf, 4, 187Q.
Jo. JOHN B. PALMER, 1resident 0.
C. and A. R'd, ;
Very important that AMarbleoor
Jotton Julia nix for iron or carbon
n SunIner do it July would 4e
FIruary. Auiswer filly. FAB*E.
"Fame" is cortainly miistakecn in
saying that Afanton Awarble was
'nix for iron or carbon il Sumnor,"
whuiatovor iqay havo been true in
'Cotton Julia," and he certainly did
lot deserve success if he expected
Lo postpone to July the payments
that were demanded in February
whQn the*electoral vote was countod..
South Carolina has a glorious
liistory, but no page of it will be
rogind nyoro profitable for study
than that which the Tribune pro
sonts to-day, written by her Qwn
09 UNATY PoXJIT'I
M.6sSr8S. Editors : Now that the
Democratic Fxecutive Comtynitteo
lave appointed the tine for t1bo
[iolding of the priniary elections,
nay we not hope that the candi
lates will give the people a respite
from their personal canvassing, so
%s to enable them to view calmly
ind soberly the long array of those
wlio aro willing to serve their coq.x
try "for a consideration"? TIhe
peoplo nood rest pqlitically. Tho
,ampaiga up to this time has boon
purely a personal one, and the
interests of the party have been
mbordinated to selfsli interosts.
phings should now change, anI
some thought be bestowed upon
the party. It is high tinie thlat
some attelition be given tq Jqo
phompson, Ike Miller, Andy Stew
irt, and other Bladiogl luminaries,
F or full two months we have heard
scarcoly anythiqg except the goo:1
rualitiog of this can4i4dto sounded,
>r tle bad qualities of t44 ono
ventilated. Various local issues,
volving no vital principles, have
rll been prominent in your colugna,
and a good naany Denmocrats have
songe to the conclusion that it is in
>rder now to say something in
achalf of Democracy- All the can
lidates are good a'd tru noenn, and
.t ma tters very little, so far as the
party is concerned, wvhich of them
r~ocoiyes the nomination; but it is of
the highest importango that the
lominees bo elected in Noyeinber,
und our people should now be lays
og their plans and concerting
11eaanres to bring about so deosira
bip a consummation. feet them
therefore quit shalsing bands with
oandiidatos, and leave off' ainswering
earnest inquiries about the health
of themnselvres and thqir families, and
gg to yorlk for Democracy, The
victory will surely be ours if we
Labor unceasingly for it, but if we
permit ourselves to be carried away
tyith enthusiasma for g friend, and
forgO4 our party in trying to secure
his nominlation, we will find it an
up-hill business to roqt the enemnies
of good govyernment.
We appeal .tboro'foro to the can
dides to 'igive us a rest." .Unloss
we organize ijow for victory, a
Ilomination on the 30th instant will
be an empty complimeont, Doemo
aratic supremacy is the ollief con,.
sidemtion not only in the eqirnty,
but throughout the State, and to
miake that certaill egr efforts
shoMld be pub fodh'at o400, It is
all..tsportant too that the people
be InQt distracted by local i1asues.
1'he only vital issue of the cam.,
paign is whether Demoracy or'
Radicalism shall prevail. - et the
pople continually boar this in mind,
and govern themselves accordingly.
GRADED PUBLIC SCHOOL
iroW THfIvy MAr DBP ORGWIA NZZI
4N1) $Uppp8gpUvJ1L Coyyjtjp.
suCess of the Experiment at Whine
boro--The Problem of Education
Solvad In South 0apolina.
WINNSBORo, August 22, 1873.
T0 the .Editor of the .1eo0 anl
Courier : As the question of graded
schools is boing agitated in a num -
bor of tho townis in our State, and
as information is sought as to the
mode of inangprating, eqndqcting
and supporting thenA, a few thoughts
on the subjeot may be of interest to
your roadprp. Ijet me prenuise by
saying that this article iq not in
tended for those who are already
familiar with the system through
the maedium of the admirable in..
stitutions now in operation in
Charleston, but fqr others who have
heretofore boon accustomed only to
the old-fashioned, unclassifed
schools. A graded school, in gen
oral terms, is one in which all the
pupils in the sanme grada sttdy tile
same losson, and each pupil studies
every branch embracpd in the
egrriculum of his grado. But in
the popular aecept4tion at prosent
in South Caroliga it seems to nean
in 44ditioq 4 school EpIpported
partly by piblic funds anid partly
y privut4 meaqs.. The method f
claoiifying anq conducating a graded
school can bo learned from worka
on the subject, sqch o Wplls on
Qraded Schools, or by application to
some of the principals of the ei.
collent schools in Charleston.. In
this connection the writer would
return his acknowledgements to H.
P. Archer, Esq., of your city, for
valuable sugqostiQns on this yery
As to the plan of organizing such
a school in any of the interior towns
of the State, a few facts concerning
one that is already in good working
order may f'irnish someo 11seful
hilits. 14 4anggry of tlhq urgiPnt
yeqr the peqple .f Wi'ensboro dp
'termined to utilixe the school fund
coming to the district of which the
town is a part. Up to that time
education was con4nod chiefly to
private sclools, of which there
were at least half a dozen, each
dragging oqt a precario4s existesee,
while a conIsiderahl9 naobpr qf
childron were not in attendance on
aly school. The public school
trustees rented the buildings of the
Mfount Zion Institqte, containing
one large a4d two engaller class
rooms. A rqale principal an4 two
kldy assistants were employed.. Thq
sehool was thrown open to pgpile
of both sexes within thb scholastic
age. The English branohes and
arithmetic were taught frie of
charge. It was stipulated -that
pupils in' ho higher 'mathpmatics,
~acigut and mnodern languages and
the sciences should pay a mnonthly
fee of two dollars and a half. Three
grades, reaching as lhigh as 4
"Third Reader," and embraeing
pnpila of both sexes, w.org plaee4 in
opo roaom, Tile remgainder of the
school was divided into four grades.
The boys in these grades were
s9ated in the rnzain room, uncl9r $11o
supervision of Lhpo principal., while
the lady assistant had chaa-go of the
girls in another room. Saparate
p~lay-gyQiunds were arrangedfr
the sexes, and hQ tr?apassin~g was
permittedi. Both sozes recitpd to
gpther, the classes being nmared
from rqom tq rop under mgonitors.
(Where the iroops are contiggons
the momters trp not goeded,) The
sphool openod in Februiary, and all
parties interested awaited the ren
sult. One hundred and fifty-?even
pmipils were enrolled the fjrst month,
aua this number was .jajntaind
during the session, the apotija ate
tendanco averaging aboutL one han,
dred and thirty Qf flyp, betweeg
twenty and thmr~y were *instrnctpd
in~ the extre :Jranchqs. The ez
periejlgt has thus far succeeded
admirably. Th~e school, 9witjg to
thle eiicellerice attainablp Wrongb
increased inumbers, has been better
than any of it~s prjedQgessorp for
years, and it hap been found that
the proseneq Qf $ho two sexes in the
same class is m~ost beneficial, each
stiraqlating the other to renewed
exertion&. IWarbes living in t he
country are making preparations to
send their children to ton and thp
increase will be still larger next
year. .It is contdonty hot d t$bat
in time 1Motnpt Sion insti uto will
again become e 40ogrishing acad emnio
School? with thegpublic Schooql s a,
permanent fooder. The roult will
be bonetlcial, not only in an educa.'
tiortal point of view, but also as
regards the raatprial interests of the
town. Rvery pupil retained at
liomo means a saving of a certain
sum of money, to bo otherwise ex,
Puring the first five months the
scbool was supported frqim tho
public finds. For the next session
fk will receive troo hundred dollars
from the Peabody fund, and the
citigens will subqoribe two or three
hundred more thus seooring, , at t%
private expoa4ituro of a fow hun
dred dollars, a year's instrgotjon of
a hqnjdred and ffty pupils 'whose
tuition fogs under the o14. system
woul4 havo anqountod to more than
throe thoilsand dollarst These
graded sohools solve the prohilom of
qduoation in poverty-stricken South
Carolina. WVithout them, thou
sands will grow up in absolute
The ahoVo is the result - pf thq
e;poritqent in Winyboro. What
Winnsboro has done, other towinq
can do, if the pqople are in earnest
and if competent teachers are em
For raising the necessary funds
three sources exist. The amount
supplied by the school fund should
be for a school of a hundred and
fifty pupils seven or eight hundred
dollars. Three hundred or four
hoqdrod and fifty may be secured
fropi the ?oabody fund. The b'al-.
ance can be raised by extra tqition
and by private sqbscription, To
maintaiij a school of the above
1pentigped size at lNast eighteen
hlundrP4 doll4rs shqqld be raised.
49 to Phe rmanner of obtaining aid
from the Peabody fund informatior
ca4 be had on application to
Superinton4ent If. 8. Thompson.
4 few points Connected with it may,
howeyer, be ifgetioned here, The
trustees of the fund will give three
hundred dollars to. every publia
school of one hundred pupils 'main,
tjpined for ten months with an
average attendance of eighty-,five
per cento or four hundred and fifty
dollars for a hundred and fifty
pupils the same time with an
avragJ pAtpPdance of eighty-five
p or cent., provided in each case that
the current funds from otheo
sources are double the amAup4
asked froin the JPeabody finqd
Application must be made at the
beginning of the year on blanke
furnished by the State superintend
ent of education. The prorAised
amount will be paid at the end of
the year on proof that all the con
ditions have been complied with.
A few words in conclusion con
cerning the third source of revenue.
It would be much better to revive
in incorporatQd tqowns, at least, the
prqyjsion fqr a Iqoal schooQ tax,
than tq trust to indivi4ual tubn
soriptions. SouIn argue that the
school fund ji alr.eady too large,
That this is qa error is conclusively
shown by comparison with other
States. South Carolina raises te
little over a dollar for every child
within the scholastic age. Many
other States raise soyen or eight
dollars per capita, savora1 othere
froin twyelvp to 4fteen, while Mas
saohusetts raises each year twenty,
one dollarp for overy child within
the prescribed ages. It is absurd
to say we pay too touch, or even to
hold that we. raise anything ikle
9.goggh, JBesides, it is easier oq
the Pidividigal to pay a tax than pay
tuition. A tas of four nmills on to
thousand dollars is require4 to
rajee forty dollars. Yet 'how ay
citizens worith no the half of ten
thousand dallaie now pay twice
forty dollars a year in tioe fgejs
4 local taz is th cheapest 'aen of
raising nloney, gvery one is awgre
of IhnP a)bsp of the local taz clrnng
the days of iRadicalism. ' W fcaf4
be so hedged around wit restrie
tions~ as never again to become "a
by4en. The slem is as follows;
Let it be pon~iiae to thdse towns~ irl
Whigh graded gebools are located,
het the pyrzme lirait of the levy
be fi;yd at, say, two mills, TLet. 4
yop of a majority of those personq
paying taxes other ehan pollvtqe, bq
r~eqired to levy it. The taxpsyers
will thben have the matter in~ theiu
.pwn hands, and cannof$ hp pom,
pelled to pay the tax against their
will. The restriction 'of the ypte tq
a certain class is perfectly e v
mate. The Constitution 'provdea
exprelssly that no coapitabo4 tgg,
leyied, tTi x is haeforQ
to be paid opl byv thop persp9
owning prqpp . And aas- ~p 11
Im;paegi Qrp not affeoted t~ he'
lovypf$419 extra tnz, they ha
righ to demand a vote; h~,A
ttax is leied, they are i~t