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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION.} WIjNN-SBOIO, S. C., riLURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1878. v 0- N"
From "Natural History in Gmall
Ohunks to Suit Small People."
(lBy (he Delroit M-ee Pres.; Man.]
"What is that boy doing ?"
"He is catching a whalo. The
whale is generally spoken of by
poets as 'the monstor of the doop.'
Do you see how lively he is ? The
whale is the sportive fish under
water. The shark can take a joke
and crack one, but for broad riffling
humor the whale knocks all tho
funny alanacsinto slivers."
'How long is a whale ?"
"Some whales are eighty foot long;
but if you ever see one, and rush
into a printing oflico to have an itom
built on the fact, it would bo bottor
for your children if you said that
the whale was forty foot long. The
world can forgive a man for exaggo
rating the facts of a tornado, freshot
or steamboat disaster, but the man
who lies about fish is gono up from
that moment. That's the roason
why' no true, good man ever goes
"Can a whale crack a hickory-nut
with his teeth ?"
"He can, but ho doesn't fool
around with such trifles. When he
opens his mouth to bite lie prefers
to crack a whalo- boat, or a bald
headed sea captain from Nantucket
-one of those tough old follows
who como back from the Artic seas,
and toll about soing four moons in
the sky at onco."
"Is a whale's mouth as large as
the capitol building at Washing
"That's according to whoso book
on whaling you havo confidence in.
Some writers can open a whal's
mouth wide enough to chuok in
most any building. while others who
want to go to Heaven stato that no
whale could gul) down a street car
without losing some of his teeth
The trouble is that no newspapr
man ever finds time to go on a
cruise after whales, and therefore
the public can secnre 0no reliablo
figures and statistics."
"How old do whales livc3 to be ?"
"You have got us now. We never
saw the same whale over three or
four times, aid whether they died of
grief over that fact, or swam away
to make new acquaintances, we
could never find out. When a man
tolls you that a whale lives to be
s3ven, seventy or seven hundred
years old, ask him to submit the
"Where are whales mostly found?"
"In the water. They never come
to land until they arQ tired of life
and ready for a chango."
"How fast can they swim ?"
"That is another disputed point.
A Nantucket captain says ho saw
one speeding at the rate of thirty
miles an hour, while a Now Bedford
captain saw one going at the rate of
a mile a minute. Horace Greeley
could have settled the dispute in his
'Recollections of a Busy Life,' but
he sooms to have avoided doing
so. However, if you are ever
chased by a whale, it will be prudent
for you to make a hundred miles an
( hour if you."
"Do whales prefer shelled corn to
corn on the cob 1"
"No. No wvell.'regulated whale
- would be in the least put out after
swallowing a wagon load of cobs."
"Do whales fight with each other?"
"Not often. If a whale comes
fooling around, blustering what he
can do, and putting on airs, he is
generally rolled in the mud to take
the conceit out of him, but, as a
rule, the whale prefers to rest his
nose on a coral reef and give him
self up to planning the social eleva
tion of tihe walrus and the squid."
"Is it cruel to harpoon a whale ?"
'It is. There should be a lawv
victims with a noosed rope, and
then stupefy them with chloroform.
Continue to be a good boy, and to
be glad that you are not a whale."
An~ UNDENIABLE TRUTlf ---You de..
serve to suffer and if you lead a mis,.
erable unsatisfactory life in this beau
tiful world, it is entirely your own
fault, and there is only one excuse
for you, your unreasonable preju
dice and skepticism, which has kill
ed thousands. Personal knowledge
and common sense reasoning will
soon show you that Green's August
Flower will cure you of Liver Com
plaint, or Dyspepsia, with all its
miserable effects, such as sick head -
ache, palpitation of the heart, sour
.stomach, habitual costiveness, diz
-ziness of the head, nervous prostra-.
tion. low spirits, &c. Its sale now
reaches every town on the Western
Oonatinent and not a druggist but
will tell you of its wonderful cures.
You can buy a sample bottle for 10
ents. Three doses will relieve von
EDGA It ALLAN PON.
What a San Franciscan Knows About
[ I1micisco ehroniCo.
"You say that Edgar Allan Poe
did not dio from the offocts of de
liberate dissipation I" asked a
"That is just what I mean ; and I
say further that he died from the
offocts of doliberato nurdor."
This wali a strange assertion
strange in 3ing a flat contradiction
of a fact., or otherwise a theory, re
corded in detail in the history of
American literaturo. The author of
tho amsortion was a well ktnown
member of the city's advanced and
inveterato Buhon;i, a gentloman
who has long since retired from the
activo pursuits of his profession and
spen(s his days in dreamy medita
tion, frequently one of the popular
resorts of tie craft, but mingling
little in tho idle babble of tho
throng. When drawn into conver
sation it is generally to correct some
error from his inexhau.tiblo mine
of reminiscence, and on such oc
casions his words arc few and pro
"Then you know something of the
poet and his history, Doctor ?"
"With a few others I was one of
his intimato associates for years.
Much that has been written of him
and regarding his death is false.
Poo was not what is called a peri,
odical drunkard, holding himself to
spells of sobriety, and then giving
way to violent bouts of intemper
anco: but he was a steady drinker,
and wlhen his meanif permitted lie
would drink to exceoss. His habitu
al resort was the Widow Meagher's
place. This was an oyster stand
and liqnor bar on the city front,
corresponding in some respects with
the coffee shops in San Francisco.
It was frequented much by the
printers and men engaged in tho
shipping offices, and ranked as a
respectable place, where parties
could read the papers, enjoy a game
of cards, or engage in social con
versation. Poe was a great favorite
with the old woman. You would
always see him sitting just behind
the oyster stand, and about as quiet
and sociable as an oyster himself.
He went by the name of the Bard,
and when parties cai into the
shop it was, 'Bard, comie up and
take a nip,' or, 'Bard, take a hand
in this game.' He was a sort of
pensioner on his acquaintances, as
fari as drinks were concerned.
Whenover the old woman met with
any incident or idea that tickled her
fancy, she wo)ld ask Bard to
versify it. Pop always complied,
writing many 'a witty couplot,
and at times poems of considera
ble length. Much of his poeti
cal work, quito as meritorious
as some by Which his name was im
mortalized, was thus frittered into
obscurity. It was in this little shop
that Poe's attention was called to an
advertisement in a Philadelphia pa
per of a prize for a meritorious
story, and it was here that he com
posed his famous 'Gold Bug,' wvhich
took the prize. I heard him read it
before lhe sent it to Philadelphia,
and.when it was announced that his
story was successful, the Widow
Meagher' gave him the money to go
oni and obtain the prize."
"But how about his death ?"
"Poe had been shifting between
Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
York for several years. He had
been away from Baltimore about
three months, and turned up one
evening at the widosv's. I was
there when lie camne in. Bard had
been making a little raise North,
and it was drinks all round, wvithi
rep)eat, until the crowvd were down
jolly. It was the night before an
election, and the party started up
town. There were four of us, and
we had not gone half a doz9n
squares before we weoro nabbedy
policemen who were looking utp
voter's to 'coop.' It was tihe practice
in those days to seize people, wheth
er drunk or sober, lock them up
until the polls wvere opened, and
then nmarch them to every precinct
in control of the party having
the 'coop.' This 000op was in the
rear of an engine house on Calvor t
street. It was part of the game
to sup)ply tho prisoners with drug-.
god liquor. The next day we
wore voted at thirty different places
and over and over, it being as much
as a man's life was worth to rebel.
roe was so badly drugged that ho
was carried on two or three rounila,
and then the gang said that it was
no use trying to vote a dead man
any longer, so they shoved-him into
a cab and sent him:.to the hosp ital
to get him out of the way."
"Well, lie died from dissipation.'
"Nothing of the kiind. He died'
from landanum or some other nO..
on that was forced on him in the
coop. He was in a dying condition
while he was being voted twenty
or thirty timos in Baltimore.
The story told by Griswold of
his having been on a wook's sproo
and being picked up on the street is
all a lie. I saw him shoved into the
"Well, what about the gencral
character given to Poe by Griswold
and others ?"
"I have nothing to say, only that
Poe was a great poet, and lie owed
me nothing when he died."
'UN WRITT27JN USTOt .
General Garlington Denies the 1'retty
Story About the Proposed Peace
A groat deal of unreliable matter
is constantly flooding the newspa,
pers under this attractive title. A
recent article from the New York
8un, which was printed in our col
uimns a few days ago, would seem to
bolong to this class of doubtful lit
oraturo. Gen. A. 0. Garlington,
editor of the Greenville )ailyNew8,
challenges the whole story in the
following mannor, and as he occu
pied the position of adjutlnt-gener.
al of South Carolina at the time, his
statement is worthy of the highest
The facts contained in an article
entitled "Unwritten War Histhry,"
according to our recollection (and
we wore then in a position to know
the facts), are not correctly stated.
The negotiations which wore begun
by Governor Pickens for the sur
render to the State of the govern.
ment forts and property within its
limits, did not fail, as is stated in
that article, "on account of the pro
aipitate action of South Carolina
troops in bombarding Fort Sumter."
The negotiations referred to had
como to a close sometime befo:e that
event, and the attack on Fort Sum
ter was hastened by secret informa
tion received from Washington that
% naval expedition had sailed for the
purpose of reinforcing and revictu
ding its garrison. Before this in
Formation was received, Mr. Fox,
issistant secretary of the United
States Navy, came to Charleston
with peaceful intentions, and by
permission of Governor Pickens,
visted Major Anderson, accompanied
b)y Captain Hartstein, who was then
in the service of the State. While
in the fort Fox succeeded in having
i private interview with Major An
lerson, and disclosed to him the
purposo and plan of the government
bo reinforce him. A letter written
y Major Anderson to the war de
partment, aftei- Fox had loft Charles
bon, and which was intercepted in
Lhe mail, gave this information. All
bhe facts which came to the knowl
,(ge of the Executive Department
it that time showed that Lincoln
was seeking to reinforce Sumter by
practising deception and artifice.
There is no doubt that such a proc
lamation, as is referred to in this i
irticle, was prepared; but the state -
iont that it was withdrawn on ac- f
count of the attack on Fort Sumter
is erroneous. Our iformation at
the time was that during the night:
uifter that proclamation wvas prepared,
the Washington government sud
donly changed its policy, and doe..
termined on coercive measures.
This was sometime beforeo tile attack
was made on Fort Sumter. The
corresp)onden)t wvho gives Mr. Cavis
as authority for his facts surely mis
understood Mr. Cavis ; if not, Mr.
Cavis himself is in error as to the
points we have made the subject of
OLD aI ON P'OLITICALL DECLINE.
"Politicks is gettin' ter be or
mnighlty 1po' bizncss," said Old Si as
he lighted the lamp.
"What makes you tink so 1"
"Well, dare's yarn-us sines 'roun
dat pints at de conelushin. Now,
in my young days only do fust folks
of the lain' engaged ini politicks
hit wor or perfosshun (den berlongin'
ter do leadmn' sitizens."
"And isn't it so now ?1"
"Well, you jess stan' 'round dose
co'ners one day an' see yorseff. I
tell yor, now, doro's purty nigh
mo' candidates in dis countyr dan dere
is tax payers, for or fack I'
"Thlat is rather a bad sign for the
"Dat's do very pint I wuz or
flingin' at, Yer see dero's too men
ny fokos in dose days dat's huntin'
up some way for to keep from wurk.
Doy's developin' overyt'ing doy's
got, 'ceptin dere mussel. flit's
gimme dis offis, an' don gimme dat
offls, tell er man joss hoz ter 'flij
'em off'en him wid rocks an' g,Iieksi'
"Well, Si, how do,you propo*e to
remedy the matter 1'
"Dat's or hard quesehin for er
nivilum nigger tao anser, u hn it'.
time in dis country for do fokos
an' when I sez fokes I moons fokes
-ter git up up an' 'tend tor dis
oflshoidin' bizness for dorsolbs.
Wo'so boon 'lowin' do walid-moootin's
too much rope in disyore bizness I"
"Well, now, give us your pian I"
"W'y lot do fokos come out an'
say dat doy's gwino ter take or han'
in do skirmish-lot 'em choose on
good mon an' stan' by 'om toll doy's
safely ankorod in dore placos, an'
don lot do conmtry hab some res'
fum dis hyar brigade or candi
dates. Dat's me, now I"
"Perhaps that would be a good
way to bring matters to a head."
"I kno's hit wood. Dero ain't
nuffin dem follors 'pisos mo dan ter
hoor dat do fokos is or movin' for
derselbs. I toll yor dar's goL tor bo
loss ob dis hyar markin' time an'
whelin' tor do lof' an' do rite, an'
[no' strate-forrord marchin' an'
a charging ob do onomy befo' tings
gits squar' agin 'round hyar I
Somebody's got ter blow do trum
p)it an' wake do sleopin', or dar'll be
inighty ruf' times 'long hyar by. an'
And the old man was dead in
Crying is a prime evidence of
pain. When the baby is fretful and
inclined to "crying-spells," remove
bho cause by usirAg Dr. Bull's Baby
REV. J. P. LUDLOW, WRITES:
178 BALTIC STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.,
II. November 14, 1874.
Dear ir-From personal benefit received by
ts use, as well as from personat knowledge of
hose whose cures have seemed almost miranu
ous, I can most heartily and sincerely recom
riend the N'Vge tio for the complaints which it,
8 claimecd to cure.
JAMES P1. LUDLOW,
Late Pastor of Cavalry Baptist Church,
SHE RESTS WELL.
SOUTH POLAND, ME., October, 11, 1876.
KR.* IT. It. STICVS:
Dear sir-I have been slek two years with
,he liver comipla nt, and (luring that time have
Aiken a groat- maLy different inedicincs, but,
lone of them did me any good. I was restless
it nights and had no appetite. Since taking
,he VEGilTINE I rest woll and relIsh my food.
Jan recommend the VEGICTINE for what it has
lone for me. Yours respectfully
MRS. Al-BERT II(ICI.
Witness of the above,
ilt. GEORGE M. VAUG(JAN
GOOD FOR THE CHILDREN.
BOSTON HOME 14 Tyler Street.
I1. 11. R. STSVRNS: 110STON, April, 187O.
Dear Sir-We feel that the children in our
tome have been greatly benefited by the Voge
[ti you have so kindly given uts from time to
line, especially those troubled with the scrof
Ila. With respect,
MRS. N. WORMELL, Matron.
REV. 0. T. WALKER SAYS:
PROVIDENCE, It. ., 10.1 Transit Street.
[.T. STIVNN, ESQ:
I feel bound to express with m nature the
uigh value I place upon your V11I1JNE. My
amiily have used it for the last two years. In
servous debili it. is invaluable, and I reco
nond it to all who nmay need an invigorating,
0. T. WALKER,
formerly Pastor of Bowdoln-squaro Church,
NOTHING EQUAL TO IT.
soUTH SA LEM, MASS., Nov., 14, 1878.
Nin. H. Rt. STasys:
Dear sir-I hal c b'on troubled withl serofula,
Danker and Liver uomplaint for t,hree years.
14othing ever did ime any Jcod until I comn
nenced using the VEGEJTI NE. I an now get.
lang along frtrate, and st,ill using thei Vege
Line. I consider t,hore is nlothing equal to it or
suchl comIllaints. Oaan heart.ily recommend it
tO everybody. Yours trua
MRS. IzzIE ~. PAOKARD),
No. 18, Lagrange Street, south salem, Mass,
RECOMMEND IT HEARTILY.
Dear air--I have takcn several bott,les of your
VEGEITINE. and am convinced it 1s a valuauble
remedy for iiyspopsla, Kidneoy Coamplaiant, and
aeneral Debilt,y of the system. I can heartily
recommlend( It, to all sufferers from t.he above
MuIJs. MUNROCE PARlKBR.
H. R. STEVENS, Boston, Mass.
Vegetine is Sold by all Druggists.
1 Tierce best aanvassed llams,
I Tierce best Lard.
1 Tierco New Rice,
Ground Rio Coffee.
Gunpowder and Young JIyson Toa,
A variety of Craokors and Tea Cakes,
lowest priocs, J.M 3AI't
AdGsefJN1t y T.* 00
Columbia Businoe Carde.
E ADqUARTERS for oheapest Gro.
ceries and Hardwaro in Columbia
to bo found at the old reliable house of
LORICK & LOWHANCE.
_ IX'S, Portraits, Photographs, Store.
.L4osoopos, &o. All old piotures
copied. Art Gallory litilding, 1241 Main
Street, Columbia, S. C. Visitors aro
cordially invited to oall and examino.
OlARLES ELIAS,formorly of Camdon,
has moved to Columbia, an I opened
a large stook, of Dry Goods and Notions,
Poots, Shoes, Trunks and Valises, Satia.
R ECKLING'S GALLERY--Opposite
the Wheeler Hotwo. Portraits,
Photographs, A mbrotypos and Ferrotypes
finished in the latost style of the art
Old plotures copied and onlarged to any
size. W. A. IEOKLING, Proprietor.
ERCKS & DAVIS, importers and
Ddealers in Watolices, Clocks,Jowelry,
Silver and Plated Waro, House Fornish..
ing Goods, &. N. 11. -Watches and jew.
elry repaired. Coluimbia, S. C. oet S7-y
AN ORDINANCE TO RAIPM SUPPLIEs Pon THP
MUNICIPAL YEAR 1878- 79,
B IT ENACTED AND ORDAINED,
JLJby the Intendant and Wardons of
the Town of Winnsboro, S. C., in Coun.
oil met., that
1. For the purpose of raising supplies
for tho year commencing the first of
April, 1878, and ending the first of April,
1879, a tax for the sums and Ina the man.
nor hereinafter mentioned shall be raised
and paid into the treasury of the said
town for the use and service thereof, that
is to say: two and one half mills ad valo
rem upon overy dollar of the value of all
the real and personal property within
the corporate limits of the said Town of
Winnsboro; throo dollars to be paid by
every male inhabitants of said town, be-.
tween the ages of eighteen and forty-five
years, in liou of working upon the stroots
of said town; and three per cout, upon
the amount of' all sales at anuotion.
2. All taxes assessod and payable
under this Ordinance shall be paid in
the following kinds of funds and no
other: Gold and silver cola, United
States Currency and National Bank
3. All taxes assessed hernin shall be due
and payable betwoon the first day of
October, 1878, and the thirtieth day of
November, 1878, inclusive; and all taxes
remaining due and unpaid on the first
day of December, 1878, shall be collooted
by distress or otherwise, as now pro.
scribed by law, together with all legal
4. All persons holding property in the
corporato limits of the said Town of
Winnsboro, are required between the
first day of August, 1878, and the six.
toonth day of Septembor. 1878, to make a
sworn return of said property for taxa
tion, to the Town Glork, and the tinid
rown Clerk is hereby required, whoit
property-holders fail or reluse to make
said sworn return, to add fifty per con
tum to the return of the previous muniv.
Done in Counoil this the thir.
L. R. ty-first day of July, A. 1)., 1878,
under the Corporate Sal of the
said Town Counoil.
JAS, A. B3RICE,
WU N. CHANDLER, Clerk,
THE PAPER TO TAKE.
ENTERPRISING I RELIADLE I
THE CHTRONICLE & SENTINEL,
Two PAPERS CONSOLIDATED March 18, 1877
r1HE CHRONICLE & CONSTITUTION
.L AL,IST, (Daily, Tri-Weekly and Week.
ly,) the only morning papeor published in
the oIty of Augusta, and the only paper
receiving thetelographie dispatches of the
New York Assoelated Press, The only
morning paper published in Eastern
Georgia and Western South Carolina,
Offers greater advantages to advortisera
than any paprn the South.
The Chroniolo & Constitutionalist Is
Democratic in politics, but perfectly in.
dependent in its comments upqn men
and measures. Its opinions upon~ all
important matters are fearlessly express.
ed, and resolutely mnaintai nodt, . urine
the.coming winter speeial correspon<tonts
in Washington, Atlanta, and Columbile
willkeel) our readera, fully informed 6f
the proceedings of Congress and of the
Legislat,ure, of Gecorgi a and South Caro.
lina. Its Commercial Reports aire eay'e.
fully compiled, and are full and accurate.
Now is the time to subsoribe.
Daily, $10 per annum ; TIri-Wookly, $5i
Weekly (a mammoth sheeot) *2, cash In
advance. Each edition sont free of post.
WALSH & WRIGHT,
july 14-tf Managers,
EXAMINATION 0OF TE3ACHE1RJ
N OTIOE is hereby given that the ox.
amination of app leants to tench in
the Free Schools of Fairfield 'oonsty
will commence on Saturday, th
day of October next, and be ogu
the. sueceeding $aturd , t-~ 6,
All persons desirnag o4rti doates rr notl.
fteA to appear in person beftoy ,tl ~ord
of Examiners at th times in ~t4 he
examinationi 1l1 be oonduo , kIri.
ting, at the Mount Zion Instituto rotms,
and .iill bekin ptoojsely,a alQ .o'41ppk,*a,