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TRi-WEEKLY EDITION.- WINNSBORO. S. C., SATfURDAY,1 DECEVMBER 1878 IvOL. 2. NO, 132
COMMENTS ON THE MESSAGE.
CRITICISMS AND COMIMENDrAT1ONS
OFA.PERRNCEAS TO THESOUTr,
What Mr. Stephens Has to Say--Com
ments of Other Leading Democrata
--Wrangling in the House.
[6brreipondence of the New York Herem,]
WASHINGTON, December 2.-The
message is received with general but
mild approval. Some people com
plain that it is a very unexciting
document, but the general opinion
is that this is one of its merits.
The soft money men are, of course,
irritated at the passages relating to
the currency. The Southern men,
almost without exception, are satis
fled with the President's reference
to the South and are disposed at
the time to grant the money asked
for to defray the expenses of trials
for violation of the election laws.
It is probable, however, that there
will be a lively disciissian on this
matter whenever it eoo. up. Mr.
Stephens, of Georgia, this evening
expressed to a Weral( correspon
dent what seems to be the gener -l
Southern opinion of the message.
Upon thle whole I think very well
of the miessage. Of course, I differ
with thle Preiident upon his finan
cial policy. The message upon the
subject of Southern outrages was
not different from what I expected.
I tbink, however, very exLggeatud
accounts have reached the Presi
dent as to South Caolina and
Louisiana, and when the facts come
to be inquired into it will be found
that a great deal of the newspapoe
statements are totally withoit
foundation. How it really is I do
not know. One thing, however, I
would say :-If there have been any
outrages or violations of law. they
ought to be redressed. I am a law
and order abiding man. The main
tenance of the majesty of the law is
the only hope of the preservation of.
the rights of a free people. Govern
muents. in the last resort, may be
put into two classes-the govern
ment of laws and the government of
arms-and all free people ought to
see that the laws are executed and
enforced, otherwise they mast in
the end have a government of arms.
But I think in the South generally
the elections were as free from ille
gal interfereae as in any part of the
United States. In Goor.-Iia I never
knew or heard of a more quiet oloc
tion. If in any of the recent elec
tions to Congress State laws haveI
been violated, North or South, the
proper remedy ought to be enforced
through the State judiciary. If any
federal law has been thus violated,
the wrong should be righte:1
through the federal judiciary, and as
it is the duty of the governors re,
spectively to see that the State laws
as expounded by the State courts,
are enforced, so it is the duty of
the President to see that the federal
laws, as expounded by the federal
courts, are enforced. But most of
those questions, it seems to me,
properly belong to the House of
Rlepresen tatives, which is the sole
judge of the election and qualica,
tion of its members.
Mr. Wilson, of WVest Virginia,
said he was a life long Democrat
but doubted the propriety of criti
cising the message for the sugges -
tions about the elections in South
Carolina and Louisiana. As long
as the act of Congress is on the
statutes Ie said it was the duty of
the President to see that the liw
wvas excnted. The fact that Mr.
Hayes called attention. to election
frauds in South Carolina and L'uis..
iana an4 not to frauds in New' York,
spoken of by Mr. Wood to-day, can
not be considered an effort on Mr.
Hayes' part to suppress any infor
mation ais to New York elections, as
his attention was not called to
them. lMr. Wood himself sai:1
there had .been no publicity giv en
Mr. Williams, of Michigan, Demo,
erat, thought that too much spa.ce.
was devoted to intimidation in the.
South. "He thoughtVthe Presidunt
should have referred'to intimidiation
at th Nort. Inhis district there
were $2,500 employes in shops who
were compelled to vote as directed
.by their employers, otherwise,
they would have been discharged.
Judge Mayhen, of New York,
Democrat, disapproved of the
reference so a rongly to Southern
done as a lover in the eledti,Me iin
the reference to Southern matters
was just what ho expected.
Among the topics referred to in
the message which attract the aitten
tion of thoughtful members of both
houses are the infoination that a
new commercial treaty with J pan
hos been framed, and thIt notsurves
are pending for more intitnate com
inercial relations wili S.>mth Amenri
can States; the suggesti.mn tliA In
dians shall be enlisred as an anxili.
ary military force ou ti.o plains,
which would, ill the opinli.l> of ool
potent exports, be one of the mijost
important and boneficial neasures
for civilizing the Indi.ms at a sm.il
cost ; the recommendation to relieve
the pressure of business. on the judi
cial courts, and the business on tile
federal courts and the Supreme
Court, by the cre:tion of a uuber
of additional circuit judges or by
some other means, a relief whien
the judges and the mumbers of the
bar know to be very neessary, and
the recommendation to const,uA!t a
new Congiomional library bu I ling'
Tije inre p,1isi os evidently i.d
f uit because Lao mcb:ttro de t. so
mullch witi the mae.ii int"r.ss o
t.e count.y. bu ou t1aAt 110ad the
peop"o will no agr0 withI Wom
OPENIN3 TIS BMLL ON TId '3OJrtZ3X
Thore is somothing frightfully
tedious an.l iaoton u3 about tW%j
fully of some of the Democrats.
They begin anew p'ocisuly whare
they loft off before. To- day, for
insiance, wuen the nessage had
been read in tao [lous.i, AL:. Fjr
nando Woo I, in the c.ap ,city or lead
er of the Houste, dragged his follow
Democrats into a qigmire, nd,
with the iloip of tie previ*a ques
tion left thol s.ickmng taore. It
seoimod to Mr. WoUd judOcious to
arraign the President for the ox
tremely moderate views of the nes
sage on the Southern eledios. He
thought a great deal too much hAd
been said of wiat was of no conse
quence, and duclacod Lhas the ex
treme or Radical wing of the Re
publicans had captured the Presi.
dent and made hii vacillate in his
policy toward tie South. Mr.
Wood am azed and startleA the
whol-3 House, and dealghted time
Rpublicasus as Inticli. dis he disgust
ed most of the Deawocr.,ts. He
gave Mr. Garfioid tho opportunity
to umi:k a judicious and extremey
effective rep,nder and Mr. i.1me tie
chance for a neat partis in appe4, '
and wherea.s, befoie he spoce, thel
extreme Republicans h.d been die - i1
posed to growl at the "n asige and 1
to quarrel witu the President, Mr. i
Wood's remarks brought them all
It must be said, to the credit of I
the Democrats, that at le ist three
quarters of them sat inl their se.Ats I
filled with indignation and disgust.
at what they saw to be a gross
blunder, and if Mr. Wood had not,!
by the use of the p.eiAN question,_!
stopped discusision af cer Mr. C->x h d.
adroitly done all he could to cover
up the mistake that had b)een made, i
Mr. WVooit wvould h .ve he ard somei<
plain langu ige from his own side. I
Several Demnorcrats said after the
adjourmnent h:at if they had had a
chance they wvouil have said precise- I
ly wh it Mr. Garfield said on the
q uestion,-and there is not the least (
doubt that r.t least three quarters
and probly seventh-eightbo of tihei
Democratic side wereC entirely con
tent with wvhat' the resijdent sail 3
about the South. The Soutamern I
men particularly were well s.atisfied,
and would have voted at once tne ad- i
ditiona4)rm ney asked for in the mnes- a
sage to carry on tihe election trials.
They say, very sensibly, that these
trials before federal courts will de-. I
monstrate to the country accourately,
not only how much, but howv little,
disorder and wrong w is co.ninitte 1
anywhere in the South during the
recent canv.ass i.nd election. Tauey
are confident tu it in this w ay the
exaggerated par t.isan accounts will
be showvn to be largely false, and
that tl.io regu iar trial according to
law is tihe best and only way to make
the truth known in the North, and
they are not afraid of the truth,
One o)f the proposeli amendrments
to the Constitution of iLouisia&na
fixes the loeation of the Capital,
and the vote seemis to have been
very close, all but five parishes
giving: For Baton Rouge 87,047,
for Nef0i-lans 87,995.
Among the o'miosities at thei
dead letter oflae is a1lette cotin--* I'
ipig fifty dalr . and/ t4dre%sed . to
Hoboken, S,i*v Tid.leinks ,:
pig "dealers,:,~ .Hoffeusnipper's
Terrade (corner FiddIake, avenue
WEDNEsDAY, December 4, 1878.
The special committee reported
bIat Hon. Robert Fishburne, of.
Colleton, has not been shown to be:
10ligible to a set in the Sente.
A number of bills were intoduoed
Mr. Crittenden's bill to investi
Yate the li:biiity of the State on
3ndursenents to the Greenville and
jolu:ubi Railroad was passd.
Hou,s OF REPRESENTATIVES.
A comuittee of one from each
-ounty was appointed to consult
ipon the tuanner of equalizing as
A number of bills were introduced.
'he ways and means committee re- i
ported fiLvorably on - several joint
resolu.ions, amnlg them ona to fix
Lo tt tnd;.rd at which property
shatll be assessed. They also re,
rorted unfavorably on Mr. Callifon's
Jill to reopen the debt question.
The ju liciary committve reported
av,>.bly on a bill to make juror
tad witness tickets in State cases
:eeiv,tblo for taxes, on a bill to
)rovide for a codifination of the
.ws, and1 to amend the lIav provid
ng uniformity in holding courts.
V'hey reported that the Legislature
2is not the power to valid.tts sales
or ptrtition mide by probate
The enacting clause of a bill to
dlow counties that have issued
Iailroad bonds to retain the State
tx on railroa.Is for a sinking fund
;o pty the bouls was stricken out,
A bill to prevent stock from one
ount-y or township from trespass
ig upon lnds of an adjoining
'oun1ty or toWnsUCIP P Msed its sec
The repirt of the committee on
rivileges andl elecions in thie case I
)f Hastin1s G.mtt wAs alopte 1, and
.essru. Kenne-ly, Aldrich, Ceve
and, Perry and Lambson were ap
J4inte. oil the cotmittee.
A bill requiring a special license
)n dogs was killed.
TUURSDAY, Dicambar 5, 1878.
A number of bills an .1 resolutions
vere introduced, ra.d by title, and
The special order for 1 p. m.-.1
>il by Gou. M. W. Gary to repeal
"joint resilution providing a
ao.le of ascertainiuga the debt of the
tate and liquidating and settling,
ho stun)," -tpproved M rot 22,
.878--was taken up. Ganoral Gary
rad a lengthy speech in favor of
he propoe I repeal,
HOUsE OF REPRESENTATIVEs.
A number of bills were introduced,
ead by title and properly referred.
Mr. Blue introduced a bill requir
g25 per cent, of all moneys re
nived for liquor licenses throufihout
hie Stite to be patid into the State
A resolution to inquire as to the
ropriety of reducing the salaries of
ny or all of tihe executive and judi
MI odlecers of South Carolina who1
hall hereafter be elected t o Ofice
A bi to extend the time for the
ede:nption of forfeited, lands and
iie sale thereof was rejected.
T he House refused to reconsider
he vote bywhich the enacting words!
f a bill for the relhef of the couties!
I Spartanburg, Greenville, Union,
~ickens, Yorlk, - Chester, Lancaster
nd Onesterfield, which have sub
cribedl bondls in aid of certain rail
onds were stricken out.
A bill to make purchase money g
eon up.in personal property was
Mtr Mcoowan, from the commit
00 o13 the judicimey, reported the
ollowing reskointion, which was
Raesotlved, That it be referred to
~he Attorney General to examine
*ntQ the title of the State to -the
Blue Ridge Bailroad, and to take
uchb action in the premises to estab.
ish the rights of the State as the
acts roay reire.
The speci committee to wait
ipon H is Excellency Governor
Eampton made a report of the in-..
The en.toting words of the bill to
)rotect the rights of mortgagee.of
ersonai proporty were striOke6 -out.
The following bills were read .the
econ'd time an d ordered to be ou
grossedll or a third readingT & 191il
to aanend act otilt Mn setyto
oimburge the of chlan
rorsons tried for orimes committed
while such persons wore offivers of
this State," approved March 1, 1878.
A bill to amend an act entitled "An
act to reduce the pay of witnesses
in State cases."
A bill to punish assault or assault
and battery with any fire-arms
committed on streets and places of
public resort war takan up. The
title wao amended so as to read : "A
bill to punish assault or assault and
battery with any fire-arms com
mnitted on streets and placei of pub
lic resort," and in this shape the
bills wa read a third time, passed
and ordered to the Senate.
WiY TALlAoE IS TIHA NKFUL,
In his thanksgiving sermon,
Talmage gave the following reasons,
among others, why he had cause for
"Year after year and under all
circumstances God is fulfilling the
promise made by the chapter I
read at the opening of the service:
--"Soed time and harvest, cold and
heat, summer and winter shall not
cease." Thank God, all ve churches
and storehouses and 'homes for
plenty of bread, not only enough
for us but for other nations ; broad
for us and broad for tho. Give us
a fill round slice, an honest, old
fashioned slice of country bread
such as your tuothers used to make,
and, I suppose, your wives make
better. (L.aughter.) What would
you want better than bread ? Do
you want cake? BreAd is more
easily digested; it makes more
muscle and bone. I never knew
any one worth anything to church
or State wto was brought up on
cake. Thank God for bread.
I make another dash into a
Southern plantation. The dusky
laborers are gathering rice-the
queen of all delicacies. The whip
ped lyllabubs of the English and
the meringue of the French go into
nothingness before one spoonful of
ho'itt American rice pudding.
Thank God for rice I Our next
dash is into a country orchard with
apples, russet and brown and red.
Solomon was very foud of apples,
for hA sId, "Jonfort mue with
apples." (Laughter.) Thank God
for apples. Another dash is into
a votton plantation. Summer snow
that the sun does not melt hanging
all over the field. Have the clouds
of heaven shaken off their fleece I
Most important of all the American
exports, in 1872, amounting to
$180,684,595 1 Thank God for
We have on this platform to.. day
products of all the country. What
a wonderful change I That is a
palmetto tree. Twenty years ago
the planting of such a treo as that
in a church would have created a
riot, but last night that tree was
planted by men who had been
soidiers in the Northern army.
(Applause.) North and South were
divorced . to-day I remarry them
under the palmetto tree, and this
moss from Southern forests shall be
the bridal veil. What God bath
joined together let not man put
INTIMIDATION.--We are not coun
sel for Mr. Sutherland or for
United States Marshal Brownfield,
but we would call to ther attention
a few cases of intimidation from the
western side of Wateree, as they
seem thus far to have neglected
that portion of th~ county. The
Reverend MarshaW McGraw, aged
eighty--six, andl who was in the wvar
of 1812, approached the polls with
two heavy sticks, and with those
sticks absolutely got to the polls
and voted the Democratic ticket.
We all feel proud of such patriot.
ism as this noble old gentleman
showed, and are inclined to give.
bim great praise for it. Then again
M.John H*ollis, nearly the same
age, rode fifteen miles to vote the
same ticket. These estimable old
gentlemen, it can be proved, went
to the polls each armed with sticlfs.
How many Redpublican voters they
knocked downu and kept away, we
dont know, Doubtless there are a
plenty of readcy tools who will make
the proper affidavits. Won't you
look after these good and true sons
of Kershaw 7 .They are both
patr'iots, and we can make the re
quiredl oath as far as the sticks go,
Comp now, Judge, hurry up, you
have,i not dr'agged any of the
Westetn Watermo boys before you,
and *'e don't .like tobe behind.
Timb is precious,--(Jmd?en Jour-.
Ne1~ither Philadelphia or WilmlnTg
ton, Del., I Oss any tazuow1 the
aee~ *q9 aa4'
Going to Work in Earnest-The Our
ronoy Question--The Texas Pacific
The Indian Bureau.
[CORIP3PONVENCH OF Tun NKWS AND JIRRALD.]
WASHINOTOx, Deceinbor 5,-The
TlouEo on yesterday, the second day
of the session. p.is'ed two approria
tion bills-the Fortification bill
amounting to $275,000, the same as
last year, and the West Point bill,
amounting to about $300,000. There
was no opposition and but little
discussion. The appropriation com,
mittee will have its bills ready as
fast as the House can take care of
then.9in the larger ones there will
of course bo debate, but everything
so far indicates a working rather
than a talking session. Even Sena
tor Blaine's buncombe resolution as
to the intimidation of voters, whIch
comes up to-day, will probably pass
with little or no discussion. The
Democrats will attempt to secure
amendments, but seem disposed not
insist on them. Senator Thurman
and perhaps one Southern Senator
will make short speeches, Many
bills on financial subjects have been
presented, but it becomes cleater
every day that none of thein will
ever receive consideration until
after the fixed day for resumption
Secretary Thurman prepared and
had submitted to the House and
Senate the bill providing for the
issue by government of certificates
for $10 and larger amounts, bearing
interest at 3.65 per cent., and oon.
vertible within a year into four per
cent, bonds. This will have the eart
est support of Secretary Sherman
and other members of the Cabinet.
The interesiL of yesterday's ses
sion was almost entirely confined to
the speech of Senator Stanley Mat.
thews in support of the bill in aid
of the Texes Pacific Railroad. Mr.
Mlatthows is a pleasant speaker, had
a subject just now attracting at
tention throughout the country,and
was attentively listened to through,
out, He claimed that the contem
plated aid would result in great and
general benefit, would not cost the
government a dollar, and was not .a
subsidy. The ablest men in the Senate
will be heard on this subject. The.
friends of the measure are very san
guine, and, apparently, with roto,
General Sherman and Quarter,
master-General Meigs yesterday
gave their opinion at length on the
subject of the Indian Bureau trans
fer. General Moigs is an officer of
experience and sense, and has the
confidence of Congreao to as great
an extent, perhaps, as any other
man living. His opinion will have
great weight. He thinks the trans.
for will be beneficial to both races,
General Sherman favors it also, but
General Sherman ia not a ran of
great influence with Congress. The
proposed change is certainly grow.
ing in favor. especially since .ecre.
tary Schurz says it is now impossible
for the Department to take are of
the Indians without a great dea6
more money and without saddling
upon the country a new and nurge
rouis class of office-holders. It is
safe to predict that government
money will not be spent as loosely
in the next few years. as Iu' the
past, and that the Secretary will
soon be laughed at who proposes to
increase the already absurdly large
number of officials. REx.
SERIoUs SHooTING SonApE.-Pur...
ing Saturday Mr. Thomas IU. Kir
ton had some difficulty with Mr. JO,
F. Berry. He related the fact to
Mr. J. T, Dozier, and expressed ap.,
prehensions of further trouble,s as
B3erry, he said, had inade threats
against him. To avoid a collision
with I3rrry, it appears (hamt Klirton
in going home about 6:30. .,
wvent a roundabout way, Mr.
Dozier seeing him,. and thinking
to play a practical joke: uspon Kir-.
ton, walked rapidly. tpwards him,
whereupon Ktirton Bred his pistoi,
he says, in the air. Dozier also
fired his, it is said, into the air,
whereupon K(irton, believin~ bi
eney asreally upori b1rm .e0i~
hslife, fird a decndshot, the bi'
passing through the body of Dozioie
They were perfectly friendly, and no'
one regrots the unfottunato A'aff
mome than Mr. Kirton..,Mffo#
2Ierchant and Far'moi
RUssuA'S GIr T TO THas AMzasa..The
Russian Khillut, or' gif4to .the
Ameer of Usbul, was a no~ p no.
nificent one. in a#tition o yaz.I
ous artlo1es, of plge. is aup4
splendid seV of jsweis ~ opclhy j
manufaotiurd by 4w'1 3own
F'rench i'F A hadso~b 's~o,
with brillbte,- fh & Oz'al?4
souveni, Wn 4 '%qetM