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TRI-WEEKL Y ED .T 10N.} WINNSBORO. S. C.. T UESDA Y, JANUARY 28, 1879 VOL. 2. NO. 154
NA ;W LA WS oF T H19 ST 7AT III,.
AN ACT to Alter and Amend the
Law in relation to the Payment of
Debts of a Decedent.
110 it encted bj the Senate and
House of Representatives of the
State of South Carolina, now mot
and sitting in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same :
SECTIoN 1. That in the adminis
tration of the assets of a decedent,
mortgages shall not b entitled to
a priority over rents. debts by
specially, or debis by simiplo con
tracts, except as to the particular
parts of the estate affected by the
liens of such mortgagos.
SE. 2. That after the property
covered by the liens is xIausted,
the grade of the demand diall be
determined by the nature of the
instrument which the mortgago was
given to secure.
Approved December 14, 1878.
AN AcT to require all Clorks of
Courts, Sboriffs and Trial Justices
to make monthly reports of all
Licensos, Fines and Penalties
collected by them to the Auditor
and Treasurer of their soveral
Ile it enacted by the Senate and
House of Reprosentatives of the
State of South Carolina, now met
and sitting in Gonend Assombly,
and by the authority of the same:
S1c'ET1N 1. 'Ihat all clerks of
courts, sheriffs and trial justices be,
and they are hereby, required, on
the first Wednesday in overy month
or within ten days thereafter, to
mako, in writing, to the respective
auditors and troasurers of their
several counties, at full and accurate
statement of all moneys collected by
them on account of licenses, finos,
penalties or forfeitures during the
pasit month ; and, in dorailt thereof,
upon conviction theroof, shall be
liable to a fine not exceeding one
hundred dollars or imprisonment in
the common jail not exceeding two
months, or both, at the discretion
of the Court.
SEc. 2. All acts and parts of acts
inconsistent with this act are hereby
Approved December 28, 1878.
AN ACT to prevent Unjust Discrimi
nation by Common Carriers.
l1a it cnacted by the Sonato and
House of Relpresentatives of the
State of South Carolina, now met
and sitting in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same:
SECTION 1. That railroad cor
porations, and all other chartered
companies acting as common car
riors within tho limits of this Stato,
shall charge for the handling and
storag'e of goods, wares and other
property, and for the carrillge of
freighf and passengers, such rates
only as am o reasonable.
SEm. 2. That no chargo for the
carriage of gools, merchandiiso or
property, to or from any place or
station, shall be doomed reasonable
within the meanilig of this aci.
IwhIch i.1 in excess of tIe n.al and
established charge made by th
same corp~oration or combination of
corporations for the carliago of the
like kind, class and quantity of
freight for any greater distance
over their line or lines in the same
direction: Provided, That if such
corp~orati on or comnbination of cor
porations can show a greater neces
sary .exp~enso to itself, or to them.
selves, for the carriage of goods,
muerchandise or property over thme
shorter distance than that which is
incurred for like carriage over the
longer distance, a propeor propor,
tion of sueh excess of ..ecessary ex,
pense shall be deemed a reasonablo
additional charge. In the con
struction of this section t he sum
charged or received for the trans,
portation of freight shall include all
terminal charges, and the road of a
corp~ortion shall include all the road
in use by such corporation, whether
owaed or operated under a contract
or lease. But nothing in this
section shall be construed so as to
require any corporation or combi
nation of corporations to regulate
their charges for shorter distiances
by their proportion of through
freight beyond their line or lines.
SEc. 3. No railroad corp~oration or
other chartered compYany doing
business as common carriers within
the limits of this State shall charge,
demand or-receive from any person,
company or corporation for the
hauling, storage, loading or un
loading or transportrtion of freight,
or for any other service, a greater
sum than it shall at the same time,
charge, demand or receive from any
other person, company or corpora
tion for a like - service, up on like'
conditions, anid under the saine
circumstances ; and all concessions
of rates, rebates, 4rawkacks and
conitraots for .neoini rates shall be
open to and allowed to all persons,
conpanices and corporations alike,
at the same rate per ton per mile
and by the car-load, upon like
conditions and under .similar cir
cumstances ; and any discrimination
which violatos the spirit and mean
ing of this section shall be deemed
unjust and unreasonable.
Sec. 4. That any railroad cor
p-ortion or other chartered com
pany acting as common carriers
within the limits of this State,
which shall for itself, or for itself
and other chartored companies
acting in combination with it,
charge or receive any sum which is
unreasonable -within the meaning of
this act, sluall forfeit and pay to the
person, company or corporation
paying such overcharge twice the
amount so charged in excess of
reasonablo rates, to be recovered by
action in tihe proper courts of this
State: Provided, That the action
be commenced within ovo year from
the accrual of the right of action.
Approved December 24,1878.
EI~TT Ys. JONICH.
On tho 1st day of September,
1877, Tom Keitt, colored, former
ly a slavo of Col. Ellison S. Keitt,
was arrosted for bigamy. On the
Gth of tihe same nonth the follow
ing ariicle appeared in the New
York Times : "A private letter
received from South Carolina states
that Col. Keitt, of Nowberry, was
arrested at that place' on Saturday
last onl the charge of bigamy, and,
in default of bail, was held to await
the arction of the Grand Jury. This
ep)se has created a sensation in
South CarolinA, as the accused is a
near relative of the late Lawrence
M. Keitt, who figured so prominent
ly in Congress prior to the the
rebellion, and is connected with
somo of the best families of the
Col. Keitt wroto privately to the
Times stating the facts of the case ;
but instead of apologizing it replied
with atothor article more outrage,
ous than the first. This satisfied
Col. Keitt that the first article had
not been the result of any mistake,
but a deliberate attempt to vilify
and smirch his name ; and lie im
mediately began an action for libel
in the U. S. Court for the Distict of
New York against George Jones,
the proprietor of the Times, fixing
his damages at $50,000. The second
article is really too indeent to re
produce here. Col. Keitt's lawyers
are Smith & Leavitt, and George
Jones' are Everett, Southmado &
Testimony in this case was taken
in Newberry lastweek, Suber & Cald
well representing the plaintiff, and
W. L. Wait, Esq., of Greenville,
the defense. Thirtoon witnesses
were examined for the defense, with
the view of proving that Tom Keitt
has held prominent positions in the
8'tate since the war, and that he
is generally reputed to be related
(illegitimately, of course) to the
late Lawvronce M. Keoitt. It was
easy enough to prove that Tom had
been a member of the Legislature,
but in attempting to prove the lat.
ter the Times failed most signally.
Nor could any testimnmy be ob)tain
ed that Tom was ever known as
"Col. Keitt." If all these things had
b~een proved it would have gone far
to show that Times had only made
an innocent and natural mistake in
publishing the article.
The testimony here, was taken
before 0. L. Schumpeort, Esq., as
Notary Public, and was sent on to
New York. The case came up for
trial last week.-Newberry llerad.
T HE NEW HoRsE SmoE.-The Eng
lish agricultural and other press are
in raptures over the Yates horse
shoe, constructnd of cow hide. It
is composed of three thicknessas of
cow-hide compressed into a steel.
mould, and then subjectedl to chemi
cal preparation. It us claimed for it
that it lasts longer and wveighs only
one-fourth as much as the common
iron shoe ; that it will never cause
the hoof to split, nor have the least
injurious influence on the foot. It
requires no caiks ; even on asphalt
thme horse never slips. The shoe is
so elastic that the horse's step is
lighter and surer. It adheres so
closely to the foot that neither dust
nor wvater can penetrate betweon the
shoe and the hoof. If all that is
claimed for it be true, the new hide
shoe will prove a great improvement
upon the old. The~ idea, however,
is by no means a now one. At the
time of the Ronlan and Carthagin
ian wars, 1t was a fregn~ent practice
among cavalry men to bind the "feet
of their horses with rawhide, to pr'o
toot theie from Injury during an en,.
VON VENTIONS 01 NOR THLEICn ME N.
The following call explains itself:
CHARLOTTE, N. C., Jan. 17, 1879.
To Northern Born icsidents of the
Soith, and ex-MIembers qt -the
Federal Army .iResident in the
At the convention of Northern
settlers in the Soutl held in Char-!
lotte, N.,C., January' 15, 1879, it
was unanimously Iesolved, that
Northern born re idents of the
South, and ex.-members of the Fed
oral army, resident in the Southern
States, mieet in convention at the
county Leats of their respective
counties on the 15th day of Februa
ry, 1879, to deliberate upon the
preparation for publication through
the press of the Uitted States and
otherwise of a pape setting forth
the soil, climate. rices, ease of
making a living, an social treat
.ment of the indi dual Northern
man in the Southei States; that
.these conventions . held regard
less of party politi and that the
same be excluded, , well as all
vexed questions; t at reports of
titeir!pmbetdings b, signed by the
miembers attending, *nd the samo
sont to N. Dmuout, at Charlotte,
1. C.; and further t tat these sever
al county c9ventioi on February
15, 1879, select del 'tes to State
conventions to' be held at the
capitals of their re ectivo States
to consider the same iatters, March
1, 1879, which Sta conventions
shall also send repo of their pro
ceedings as above, .nd shall also
appoint ten delegate from each of
the Southern Stitei to attend a
general convention t consider the
same matters, to be holden at
Charlotte, N. C., July 4, 1879, at
noon, to which time this convention
Will the persons coming within
the purview of the above resolu~
tions please convene in accordance
with it ? N. DUMONT,
President of the Convention.
CALEB CUsHuN.-ITe knew every
thing in the encycloi di, ,and could
talk about it, always quoting au
thorities. He once talked four
hours with a stranger, who in his
hearing said that he believed in
phrenology. Once the publishers
of the first edition of Webster's
Dictionary sent him from Spring.
field a presentation copy, requesting
in return a critical notice. Cushing,
having plenty of leisure time,
glanced at the first page and found
numerous mistakes ; he read the
second page and found as many
more. He road the entire book,
and wrote to the publishers that if
they expected that he was going to
write a complimentary notice of a
book with 5,000 errors in it they
were mistaken. The puplishern of
course found fault with his extra,
ordinary statement, and wrote back
to the effect that if lie would prove
this to the satisfaction of Professor
Porter, of Harvard, the editor of
the dictionary, they would believe
him. Angry at this imputation, he
read the gigantic book over again,
and wrote out the 5,000 mistakes
and mailed them to Professor Port
or. Mr. Cushing leaves no direct
heirs. His prope rty in Newbury
p~ort is estimated to be worth $80,
000. Besides this, he owned large
tracts of land at St. Anthony's falls,
in Virginia. and other places. His
total wealth is variously estimated
at from $800,000 to $800,000.
A prominent Democrat and citizen
of Georgia has sent a lengthy wvrit
ten argument to Senator Gordon, in
which lie endeavors to persuade
that gentleman that the only salva -
tion for th'e Democratic party in the
next campaign will be to nominate
Hayes for a second term, and ask
ing the co-operation of the di'
tinguished Senator in the consumn-.
mation of this measure. As might
have been expected, General Gor
don has r'eplied that he is in favor
of nominating a straightout Demo.
crat in 1880, and that he cannot
consider the plan proposed.
The Ebeclive of Egypt has lately
fallen in love with "Queen Anne fur
niture," and is having a room in his
palace, at Cairo, fitted up with it.
He lhes bought a cabinet at Paris
for $10,000, and given orders for
other articles in proportion.
Mrs. Tennyson, the wife of the
poet, is and has long been an invalid.
A great part of the time she re
clines on a sofa in her drawing--room,
where she recives their guests, and
delights all by the wit, grace and
cleverness of her talk.
Hon. Jeff'erson Davis writes that
beo will tiever agtivelf enter politics
Mr. Talnage recently defended
in his lecture the sensational style
of pulpit talk, and said sensational
isimi is life.
u The Nevada Legislature has
nanimously adopted a resolution
in favor of rostricting Chinese im
The construction of the Southern
Pacific Railroad is said to be pro
gressing at the rate of two miles
Boston's fino Masonic Temple is
mortgaged for $265,000, and thei
Masons of that city dislike either to
shoulder the burden or to sacrifice
Congressman Morrison, of Illi..
nois, strongly favors Senator Bay
ard for the Presidency. The Rich
mond (Va.,) State, in a loading
editorial, takes the same position.
Gen. Butler already announces
his determination to run for gov.
ernor of Massachusetts again next
autumn, and he is confident that this
time he "will make the trip."
The Roman Catholic bishop of
Montreal has officially forbiddon
the presence of women in the
church choirs after Juno 1, and
many churches of his diocoso are
already dismissing the women who
have Eung for them.
The United States Court has
been trying the Arlington caso at
Alexandria, awl there is no doubt
that the decision will be in favor of
Gen. Custis Leo and against the
government. The goveinment will
then purchase the property.
'A favorable report has been sub
mitted to Congress by the commit
too on education and labor on the
bill to proimoto the education of the
blind. It appropriates $250,000 as
a perpetual fund ii aid of the edu.
cation of the blind in the United
States through the American.Print
ing House for the Blind.
A prize is to be awarded next
June to the student in any of the
Episcopal divinity schools of Can
bridge, Philadelphia, Alexandria,
Gambier or Sewanee, who is ad
judged "the most correct, intelli
gent and impressive reader of the
Bible and Prayer book in the ser.,
vices of the church."
From the number of bills which
have been introduced in the North
Carolina Legislaturo to prevent the
running of trains on Sunday and to
prevent discrimination on the part
of the roads in the matter of
freight charges, it would appear
that the present session of the Gen
eral Assembly of that State is likely
to give the railroads somo trouble.
In the United States Circuit Court
at Jacksonville, Fla., last week, Judge
Settle sentenced the Brevard county
canvassing board, convicted of mak
ing a false return of an election.
Leo, the county clerk, was sentenc
ed to three years. and Wright anri
Johns, sheriff and justice respowt.
ively, to one year each in Albany
penitentiary. Lee is also State
senator from B3revard county. All
the other election cases were con
tinued to the May term of the
George G. Vest, the new Demo
cratic Senator from Missonri, illus
trates forcibly in his political career
the eminent practicability of what
the gamblers call the doubling up
process. He first started out for
Congress. Being beaten lie doub
led the stake and played for govern
or. !iosing the governorship he
doubled again and went in for Unit.
ad States senator. He wvon. If he
had lost the senatorship lie would
have sailed in for the Presidency in
1880, and, judging from his last
piece of luck, would have been a
very troublesome candidate.
The Radicals are still . making
hurculean efforits to induce Senatos~
Patterson and Conove.r to agree to
vote for unseating Butler and seat,.
ing Corbin. Senator Hill has com-.
plated the minority report in this
ease, and will sub'mit it at the next
meeting of the committee.. It dle
clares that Butler's case is ree argu
dticata, and that Corbin's case turns
upon whether there was a quorum
in the Chamberlain Legislature,
and as there was no quorum, accord
ing to their o~vn showing, there was
therefore no election.
Evidence whieb, if admitted, wvill
effect a new trial for Kate 'Cobb, is
believed to' have boon discovered.
The New London, Cong., Telegram
publshe&a oiThursday' the sworn
statement of a lady residing in
another part of the Sigte to the
eflnet that wyhile riding with Oha*.
KL Cobb, J4, oneo 4ly ltst sprihe
ho told her, under a pledgo of socro -
cy, that ho was in the habit of talc -
ing Fowlor's solution of arsenio
medicinally. The lady says she
kept silenco during the trial partly
through a natural foninino droad of
being a witness and partly through
the belief Kato Cobb would be ao..
The memorial of Emilino .B. Wells
and Zina Young Williams, daughter
of the lato Brigham Young, prosent
od to the Houso by the Speaker
last wcok and referred to the coi
mittoo on the judiciary, asks for the
repeal of tho antipolygaimy law of
1862, and for logislation to protect
the women an d children of Utah.
Since the announcemont of the do
cision of the Snpremo Court in the
Reynolds caso there are no signs in
Utah of a change of sentiment in
regard to ,polygamny. The Congress
that pn:.eod and the court that sus
tained the law are denounced by
all Mormon oditors and proachers,
and thoro is a dotermination to ad
here to polygany almost universal
ly expr smud.
Baby Shows are tho rage every
Whore, and wo understand that the
universal remedy used to koop the
little ones quiet is Dr. Ull's Baby
Syrup. It contains no opiate.
Prico 25 cents.
T HE firm of Cummings & Co., is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
H. L. ELLIOTT,
JNO. P. MATTHEWS, JR.,
J. If. CUMMINGS.
January 1, 1879.
The busine.s will hereater be con
diucted under the firm namo of Matthews
& Co., the mcnibers of which fir it are:
JNO. V. MATTIEW8,JR.
J. H1. CUIMMINGS,
jan 2-1m T. K. ELLIOTT.
Whether for family use or manufacturing,
is the double-thread, lock-stitch
It will last a lifetime--every Machino
JrlHE Vertieni Feed is the greatest ad
.L vance made in sewing niechanismi
sinc the invention of sowing machines.
Wo invite at careful examination of it,
belioving no one can fail to recognize the
fact that it is the most perfect Sewing
Machine mado, combining simplicity
strength, diurability, and economy. We
do not hesitate to claim for the
in addition to its superior principles,
more absolute perfection of workmanshin
and .more complete adjustability than
pertanms to any conipoting machine now
in tie imarket. Amiong t lo various in
provements is the Improved Shuttle,
Milled Shank Noodlo, Adjustablo Noodlo
Plate, Now Patent Tliread Controller and
Automatic Bobbin Winder. Every Ma.
chine is on good Rubstantial rollers, for
which there is no extra charge. For
tucking, eordling, braiding,quilting,
ruffling, fringing, embroidermng, shoe..
fitting, tailoring, dress-nmaking, and
THlE DAVIS HAS NE EQUAL.
References to those wvho have the Im
proved Davis Machine in use in Fair
Mrs. William McNal
Mrs. William D. Aiken.
Mrs. A. W. Ladd.
Mrs. J. 0. Rowe.
Mrs D~r. T. T. Robertson.
Mrs Dr W. K. Turner.
Mrs. J. W. floliek.
Mrs. William Stevenson.
Miss Margaret Aiken.
Mrs. A.P. Miller.
Mrs. Eliza Williams.
Mrs. James Q. Davis.
Mrs. Robert Orawford.
Miss J. Harvoy, and others.
Just think of it-a machino soiling for
$60 a short time ago you can now pur.
chaso for $30, from
Agent for Fairfield County.
Also agent for two other ftmst-class
machines-the New American, and the
Call on J. 0. BOAG, and get the best
Family Sowing Machines mado.
Great rodncdon in pricos of Dress
Goods, Shoes, Hats, (Jiothming, &c.
.Always a faill and. complete line of
Family Groceries, Tobacco, Oigars, Con.
feotlonarios, Fruita, &e., as cheap as the
Lumber and Furnituro for ,sale low
for cash by
drgsI~ a f tA~~AOt