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WINNSBORO, U. U.
riuvaaD4r,7F. nnAAr 6, , .9871
R. MXAN8 DA VIB, IDITOR.
JXO. Be REYNOLDH. A8oclAT EDIrroa.
THE TELLER COMMITTEE will exam
Inc E. W. M. Mackey, J. B. Campbel
and Marshal Wallace in Washington
Won't they spin yarns?
INGALLS HAS nEEN re-elected Sens
tor from Kansas. All the oppositioi
combined against him, but he bee
theni by four votes, a tight squeeze
The best thing that has been said o
him is that he is not quite so bad a
the Republicans who ran against im
Tun BALTIMOnIE American got up
very pretty story of the way in whicl
the dusky Mrs. Bruce was beini
llonicod by Washington society. Bu
now come ruthless truth-tellers to sa:
the article is a pure invention, tha
none of the Cabinet ladies or Sena
tors' wives have called on the beaute
ous octoroon, and that they don't in
tend to. Bruce seems to be a ver:
quiet, well behaved fellow, and it is
pity that Radical correspondents wil
not suffer him to remain in the ob
scurity he seeks, and whieh Ie si
IT WILL nEu remembered that whei
Blain sent out his traveling circu
and menagerie with Teller as chie
clown, through the South, the lous
sent a committee to investigate th
antics of little Johnny Davenport whi
by prostituting his office of chic
supervisor intimidated, insulted o
imprisoned naturalized citizens is
New York to the number of seves
thousand or more. The investiga
tion reveals the most arbitrary con
duct, on a par with the acts of Federa
marshals in the South for the pas
eight years. A large number of wit
nesses, whose naturalization was per
fectly regular, testifled to the manue
in which they had- been treated
Several soldiers who had fough
through the whole war were thrus
like hogs in prison on election day
because they Intended to vote th,
Democratic ticket. Out of the thou
sands kept away and hundreds arrest
ed, not one Ropublican has bees
found. The Davenport iuvestigatioi
has discovered much more fraud am
intimidation than the Teller Commit
tee did. The South has yet to learn
good deal in the way of intimidatioi
from Northern Radicals.
AFight Over Fertilizers.
When the fertilizer manufacturer
held their meeting in Augusta an<
raised the price of their wares to fly
hundred pounds of lint cotton to th,
ton they hardly realized the store
they were raising about their heads
Dut it has come, and without being vers
long about it either. Not in any on<
section, nor any one Staite, but fron
all directions curses both loud an<
deep are pouring in volleys fron
farmers who protest that they will no
submit to this swindle, as they torn
it. About half the counties in Geor
gia have sp)oken out, and the farmer
of South Carolina are also movinj
solidly up in line. The resoulution
passed at Ridgeway, on the 1st inst. ar<
the mildest and most temperate o
any we have seen. They strike th<
keynote wheni they declare that the:
will become self-producers, and, b:
manufacturing their own manures, bi
able to dictate terms to sellers, or, a
least, not to be dependent on combi
nations and rings. The change pro
posed in Georgia is to raise the prica
from four hundred and thirty-thre<
pounds .to five hundred, and it is don<
on the plea that the fertilizer canno
be manufactured and sold at less thai
forty dollars a ton. On th~e othe:
hand it is contended that cotton doe
not now bring the cost of production
and that any increased proportionat<
expense W1ll only result in still great
er loss. This reasoning seems soun)d
The application of manure increasea
the yield in a certain proportion ; an<
It is merely a question of arithmeti
what the increase Is, and consequent
ly what proportion of the crop can b
devoted to purchasing the stimulants
If four hundred and thirty-thre
pounds last year was a just propor
tion of increase, then it must be jus
this year or for any year. A lowe
price for cotton does not, as farmer
know to their sorrow, make an in
creased yield per acre. There is som,
logic in allowlpg the money price o
lbrtilizers to fluctuate with the mone:
price of the crop, but the prop6rtioi
of the erop expended on fertilizer
shoiuld be a constant quantity. A
the justest rate for labor has beei
found'to be a fixed shar6 of the crop
great or small, so the proper price to
the inanure, that enters along witJ
labor ass a fctor, ought to l>e rogu
lated Ip the same manner. Let th
landlor'd demand a higher share o
the er0p. Ihn Ia.-s' a bat-o sha
and the manure man a higher share,
also, and where would tie poor
farmer be? We see no reason, if
cotton, which regulates the price of
everything, has come down, why the
cost of manufacturing fertilizers
should not also be less. Injustice
should be done to no one, and the
. proper course would be for the con
sumers and producers to agree upon
1 some price, with mutual concessions
instead of coming to a deadlock.
Whatever, however, may he the out
come of this war, if it results in lead
ing the farmer to increase his store of
farm-yard manure, it will have ac
complished much good.
t TIUPAX.IE O.bFhR~1TILIZERHI.
Views ofa Fairfileld Agriculturist on the
Recent Action of the Phosphate Com
To the Farmers of Fairfleld: Five
years ago, in an agricultural address
t before the Darlington Agricultural
r Society, I said that since the emancipa
t tion proclamation af Abraham Lincoln
- nogreatercurse had been entailed upon
. the agricultural interests of the South
- than the discovery of the phosphate
beds of Charleston. A reporter of the
i News and Courier, having reference
I to this portion of my speech, said that
- it was "visionary and was exceedingly
> impracticable." Was he correct, or
have rosutls verified my prediction?
Is it not a fact that the introduction of
1 these phosphates has immensely cur
i tailed the efforts to make domestic
f manures, and greatly diminished the
3 supply of them? Has not the cotton
3 belt been extended one hundred miles
> north, and are not the very large crops
f now being grown attributable solely
e to the introduction of phosphates? To
i argue the truth of the first two of
t these propositions would be to affront
- the intelligence of our farmers: they
- are-even disregarding the truth of
1 history-axiomatic, whilst whoever
t pretend i to attribute our large crops
- of cotton to the superior advantages
- of free labor, and to more scientific
r efforts of our farmers, convicts him ielf
. of narrow-mindedness and bigotry.
t But, say capitalists and manufacturers,
L the more that is made and the greater
the reduction in price, the more large
ly does your stap!e enter into the con
- nerce and the consumption of the
- world: therefore, large crops are best,
and hence it advantages the farmers
t to pu-:chase our manures, for here are
i adimissions, in fact, assertions, that to
them alone is to be attributed the in
cremuentin cotton crops. Admidst these
many conflicts of opinion and theories
of individuals, and difficult problems
in political economy, upon which
columns might be written, I will only
pause long enough to make the com
mon place plantation remark that "all
signs fail in dry weather." This,
Prcialy rendered, means that we
are living in abnormal times, and have
no right to expect that natural results
will follow, or that a rpeedy solution
of our agricultural and othier diflicul
ties ensue, or that usual remedies will
apply. We do kntow that cotton is
now below the cost of p)roduction, and
if we lose one-fourth of a cent in pro
ducing one pound, we are of course
out twenty-five cents on one hundred
pounds or $11l2.50 on one hundred bales.
SThis, it seems to me, should deter us
from paying old1 rates, and make us
much more chary of the increased
exo r bitant demands recently
exacted at the meeting h- Augusta.
The very large Increment in the
cotton yield, the result of the applica
tion of phosphates, has solely benefit-.
ted the seller and impoverished the
buyer--benefltted the seller, because
. the entire excess of crop has been ap
Prop)riated to the l!quidat ion of remnu
nerative phosphate bills; and impov
erished the buyer, because it has
exhausted his lands and cansed a reac
tini ho prico of cotton, which has
now put it below cost. Bunt, say some,
our lands have been Improved bf Its
use. This may be so; I shall doubt
no man's sts.tement, for I am awvare
that In some sections and under some
circumstances good results have been
attained by using it as a generator for
manure, but this I put upon record,
and defy successful contradiction
more lands have been injured by its
Splcation than have bestrgbeneftted
by its use. Now, if it is rcally a ma
nure, then the reverse of this proposi
tion should prevail, for any one mak
t Ing the same charges against compost
rwould be deemed an idiot. That pay
inlg results have at some times and
. under speoial circumstances followed
its use can not be denied, nor does this
Sadmission militate against any posi
rtion heretofore taken, for I have
argued generally, not, seially ; and
*yet numerous Instances can be ad
Sduced to prove that no visible benefit
i resulted from its application, but that
,positive injury has been done to crops
r, by the use of "Acids.'' Four years
i ago I purchased six tons of Acid Phios.
. phate at a cost prico of forty dollars
per ton, and applied it to land fhul of
f vegetable matter, for whilch it was con
a sidered peculiavly appropriates My
own Judgment, and that of other
farmers, pronounced the phos
phatod cotton inferior to that
immediately adjoining upon land of
the same texture and age.
But why, mon of the plow, shall 'I
multiply evidence? Are you not con
scious that you are growing poorer .
and poorer each year? Do you need
anything other than the evidence of
the senses to tell you that you must
stop the purohade of all but nocessaries
of life, eschewing all luxuries, espe.
eially phosphates? And yet these
manufacturers, who have dealt in
rotten fish and marsh mud until their
original exorbitant natures have been
metamorphosed into veritable corno
rants, are not satistied with that sur
plus which has heretofore been the
result of the use of their manures, and
are now demanding more pay.
I suggest that each Democratio club
assemble at an early day, or that we.;
have a public meeting in the court
house for the double purpose of resist
ing this ring which has been formed
against us, and to form anti-phosphate
societies. T. W. WOODWARD.
Notice for Final Discharge.
NOTICE is hereby given that I will
apply to the Probate Judge of
Fairfield for a final dischargo as admin
istrator of the estato of Mary Lathan, C
deceased, on Monday, the 3d, of March t
next, A. D. 1879.
W M. B. WQODWA1RD,
fe 5-x4* Adm'r.
Notice for Final Discharge. P
N OTICE is hereby given to all whom i
it may concern, that I will apply to
the Probato Judge of Fairfield cnunty,on
Tuesday the 4th of March, 1879, for a
final discharge as Administratrix of the
Estate of J. '. ltabb, deceased.
IRS. N. K. RADB,
fob i -x4* Administratrix.
Citize s of F rfield.
W E have recently purchased for E
Y cash the entire stock of Dry U
Goods formerly owned by Sol.
Wolfe, and have made considerable
additions to it in ataple goods ; and
we are now offering the entire
stock at prices in keeping with the
dull, hard times that are upon us.
The stock contains many valuable
goods, consisting of Gents' Oloth.,
ing, Underwear, Fine Hats,
Shawls, Shirts, Hosiery,
Gloves, Collars, &c.
Ladies' and Children's Dress Goods,
Shawls, Hosiery, Gloves, in
.great variety, Notions and
Staple Goods generally.
We also offer special inducements in
100 pairs Gents' Gaiters, at 60 cents.
100 pairs Women's Shoes, at 50 2
cents, 75 cents and $1.00. 4'
100 pairs Children's and Boys' Shoes 1'
at one-fourth their value. 2
We mean what we say, and all 1t
ersons in want of bargains will
dowell to call and examine tile 5'
stock, as we intend to verify our
promises by actual proof.
There is also a lot of good substan
tial Table Cutlery, Pad Locks, L
Stock Locks, Steelyard %
Double-Barrel Guns, &c.,
Which we will give great induce-'
ments in, to clearlout. C
Remember to call at the old stand
of Sol. Wolfe. MR. FLEMING is N
in charge, and will take pleasure in
waiting upon all who may favor' him
with a call ; and should you not
find all you may want there, just
step down to
in the Gerig Building, and that
agreeable and polite young gentle- F
man, A. W. BROWN, will take
special pleasure in showing you the
large and cornp late stock under his
charge, from which you can supply
all your wants, at prices that will A
SUGENHEIMER & GROESCHEL,
Five Ladles' Paisley Shawls-cost
originally $20 and $25 each-will be sold 2
for $5 00 each.
SUGENHIEIMERI & GROESOHERL.
FOR THE SEWING MACHINE.
The Best Thing On Wheels.
The Four Wheeled Automatic r
T lHE machine alfn stands Airmly, p
..whiloe in use. lNo more liftin "heavy el
sewing machines. .Health and labor
saved by using this-eitstet. -Ptico $2.00. P
WVill fi any machine. To be had from
W. H. SMVITH
jan 7 Agent for DairAid.
NORTHERN APPLES. 1
HOTlI0E lIed Kings B l~&I'
This important organ weighs but about three
pounds, and all the blood in a living person (about
three gallons) passes through it at least once every
half hour, to have the bile and other impurities
strained or filtered from it. liile is the natural
purgative of the bowels, and IQ the Liver becomes
torpid It Is not separated fronT the blood, but car
ried thtough the veins to all parts of the system,
and in trying to escape through the pores of the
skin, causes It to tura yellow or a dirty brown
color. The stomach becomes diseased and Dys
4 pepsia, Indigestion, Constipation, Headache Bill..
ousness, Jaundice, Chills, Malarial Fevers, lles,
Sick and Sour Stomach, and general debility fol
low. MasLL's HUPArTNR, the great vegetable
discovery for torpidity, causes the Liver to throw
off from one to two ounces of bile each time the
blood passes through It, as long as there is an ex
ccss of bile; and the effect of even a few doses
4 upon yellow complexion or a brown dirty looking
skin, will astonish all who try it-they being the
first symptoms to disappear. rite cure of all bill
ous diseases ahd Liver complaint is made certain
by taking HRPAsrs in accordance with directions.
1Headacho is generally cured in twenty minutes,
and no disease that arises from the Liver can exist
if a fair trial'is given.
SOLD AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR PILLS
BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
Price Z5 Cents and, $1.00
The fatality of Consumption or Throat and
Lung Diseases which sweep to the grave at least
one-third of all denth's victims, arises from the
4 Opium or Morphine treatment, which simply stu
pefies as the work of death goes on. $ro,ooo will
be paid if Opium or Morphine, or any preparation
of Opium, Morphine or Prussic Acid, can be found
in the GLona l'LOUro COUGH SvSUP, which has
cured people who are living to-day with but one
remaining lung. No greater wrong can be done
than to say that Consumption is incurable. The
GLona FLOWRR COUGH sRuP will cure It when
' all other means rave failed. Also, Colds, Cough,
Asthma, Bronchitis, and all diseases of the throat
and lungs. Read the testimonials of the Hon.
4 Alexander H. Stephens Gov. Smith and Ex-Gov.
Brown of Ga., Hon. Gco. Peabody, as well as
those of other remarkable cures in our book-free
to all at the drug stores-and be convinced that If
1you wish to be cured you can be by taking the
GLOt I, .nWER COUGHf SYRUP.
Take no Troches or Lozenges for Sore Throat,
when you can get GL.OU FL.WRR SYaUP at same
price. For sale by all Druggists
PriceZ5 Cents and $1.00
Grave mistakes are made in the treatment of all
diseases that arise from Ioison in the blood. Not
one case of Scrofula Syphilis, Wilte Swelling,
Ulcerous Sores and skin Disease, in a thousand
is treated without the use of Mercury in some form.
Mercury rots the bonus, and the diseases it pro.
duccs are worse than any other kind of blood or
skin disease can be. 6 I)x. PnstunrTON's STtLm.x- i
GSA or 9.nnU's 4EL.tGHT is the only medicine
upon wich a hope of recovery from Scrofula, Sy
philis and Miercurial discases in all stages can be
reasonably founded, and that will cute banccr.
I$ o,ooo will he paid by the proprietors if Alercury,
o. cny ingedint not purely vegetable and harm.
Price by all Druggists $r.oo, eW
Gi.onn F u.owit CoUnsi Svnur and Manmr.1.L's
HII:-ATINn F'oR -run LI Vna for sale by all 1.'rug
gists in a cent and $i.w bottles.
A. F. MERRELL & CO., Proprietors,
rRESH GOODS !
-CONSISTING IN PART OF
L bbls. Molasses--all grades,
)O lbs. Choice Buckwheat Flour, 'I
boxes Crcam Cheese, 'I
boxds best Italian Maccaroni,
i bbla. Sugar, all grades,
t sacks of Coffee-10 Riio, 4 best t
) bbls. Choice Family Flour.
BAGGING AND TIES.
ARD in bbls., cans and buckets
acon, Best Sugar Cured Hams.
hoice Red Rust Proof Oats, Seed
Rye and Barley.
ails, Trace Chains, Horse and Mule
Shoes, Axle Grease, White
WVine and Cider Vinegar,
Raisins, Currants and Citron.
resh Canned Salmon, Peaches and
Tomatoes, Mixed Pickles, Chow
Chow and Pepper Sauce.
fine lot of BOOTS AND SHOES.
11 of whic3h *ill be sold cheap for y
nov 9 D. R. FLENIKEN.
1UE WINNSBORO HOTZL
MsR8. K~ W. BROWN.
rHIS1 Hotel, situated in the centre o
the town, offers and guarantees to the
iblio indueoements unmurpassed by gy
her 'house in/the place s'able sep.
lied with the best in the miarket. Qpm.
riable rooms andi polit. atteugoa.
0ame- lO.pe dq,y.
LO MAKE )MOMN
~4Z a e
NEWS AND HERALD
W I NIIUiD B 0 R 0,AT .
WINNSBORO PUBLISIING CO
T CONTAINB A RURA1RY O THU
LEADING EVENT3 OF TBS DAY.
Politiad News. Et
VIM XDITORIAL DZPARTE3NT
RECEIVES SPECIAL ATUTIOL.
THE LOCAL COLVEN.
a well Ailled with tow and eomaty newsI
he aim of the Publishes is te inse
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