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rIf.Y14EIY 9DIY1Irr. WI1BIO .C IIUSDY FBU R'7 8~ Y h3 OI
WH3AT A SINGL7 PAIt COST Tlr:
A Notable Example of Red-Tapolsm
A Little Claim Which Passod Through
tho Hands of Lieutenants and Cap
tains and Generals and Got into Con
It soms that the trousers and blank
et of Privato Wim. Hines, Company
F, Eightocuth United States
Infantry, are still before Congress.
A report on them has lately been
nade by the senate committee on
military affairs. Probably such an
exaggerated case of red-tapoisn
never occurred before. It illustrates
bettor than anything can the man
in which business is conducted in
Washington. It is no wonder that
the heads of bureaus and depart
nents are continually calling for
more clerks and messengers and
porters and laborers, notwithstand.
ing the fact that these employees
are now so thick they are continual
ly running against each othe:-, or
stepping on oaeh other, or waking
each other up with snoring. The
case of Private Hines, briefly stated,
is this: He was stationed with his
company at Aiken, S. C., in 1876 ;
and while asleep his tent caught
fire, from no carolesnoss of his, and
his trousers and blanket were "dan
aged to their full value," as certified
to by a board of survey appointed
by the commanding officer. The
"full value" of the articles was $8.65.
A gratuitous issue of a pair of
trousers and blanket was made to
Hines by order of the department
commander, and here began the
tsouble. In the first place linos
was not in condition to appear on
parade, even for the purpose of
intimidating the Ku klux of South
Carolina, and something had to be
hone. The accident was reported
to the sergeant, who reported it to
his captain, who reported it to the
.commander of the detachimont. He
ordered'a board of survey to esti..
mate the damage. A first lieuten
ant was detailed as president and a
second lieutenant as recorder. This
board sat, so to speak, on Private
lino's trousers and blanket, and
they mado a report in due form. As
before stated, a gratuitous issue of
the i r.:clo3 followed ai d At is suppos
ed Hines was satisfied. The ret urns of
the issue were for warded from one
Afficer to another until they reached
the quartermaster-genoral, This
officer (Gen. Meigs) disallowod the
issue for want of the approval of
the secretary of war. So the
:articles were charged against the
pay of Private Hinos.
THE PLOT DIEPENs.
Hero the correspondence began
in earnest. Hines 'captain wrote to
the adjutant general of the army
asking the permission of the secre-.
tary of war to credit Hines with the
money value of the articles. Gon.
Townsend, the esence of military
a)ropriety, returned tihe letter to
I-ines' captain through department
headquarters, calling hia attention
.to paragraph 451, army regulations,
:and saying that no gratuitous issue
of clothing could .be made, except as
provided in general orders No 98 of
1.867 and No. 23 of 1868. On its
way through the military lines Gen.
Ruger orderedl his adjutant general
to say th.at there was something
,defecti,e inl tile board of survey.
When it reached the' hands of the
post adjutant hIe slaps on an en
<dorsemnent, and directs the captain
-of Company F to report the facts.
The captain of Company F wvas
Thomas J. Lloyd. The post adjnt
tant made his endorwement, "By
order of Capt. Thomas J. Lloyd,"
and Capt. Lloyd returned to the
pest adjutant a long endorsement
.explainig the cir'cumstances and
recommending that all the papers be
sent to the secretary of wvar, "with
the view of having tile case brought
to the .attention of tile proper
committee.of Congress."' This, en
dorseont is made as th4 comnnand
or of Company F, and is sent to
himself as commanding the post.
He makes another endorsement ini
the latte.r capacity, and invites at
t,ention to his last endorsement.
Trhe sixth ehdoi'sement is by Gen.
Ruger, commanding the Department
of the South. HIe recommends to
the adjutant-.general that. Congress
~~ be solbcited to pass and act co'ver,
ing the case, and invites attention
ko CalpteLloyd's explaniation. The
vena enJdoremen is by Winfield
S. Hancock, major-general coMP
manding the Division of the Atlan
tic. He merely invites the atten
tion of Gen. Townsend to the pro
viOUS endorsements, and then Gen.
Towsend ondorses the papors to
the secretary of war. Among the
papors is a mass of orders and re
ports, some by Paymaster Roches
ter, some bS Deputy Quartormaster
General Ekin, and some'fron other
officers, showing how and by whom
the issue was made. A year ago
the secretary of war sent a copy of
all these documents and endorso
monts to the Hou so of Representa
tive and respectfully requested "the
sanction of Congress for the issue
of said clothing." Tho documents
were referred to the military coms,
mittee, and Gon. McCook made a
very elaborate report which is full of
grave humor. He commends the wis
doim of the captain, who coneluded
thatthe lionor:and dignity of the Uni
ted Statcs would be put in jeopardy
by IIinos appearing on duty ina pair
of trousers, "damaged to their full
value". The report says: "The
question of a gratuitous issue of
clothing is now settled, and while
Hines may be indifferent to the
trouble hte has given captains, colo,
nels, major-generals, a secretary of
war and a Congressional committee,
ho can content himself with the re
flection that he has neither worn
nor lout his troasers in vain." Tho
repoit closes as follows : "They
ca:ieot, however, dismiss the subject
without calling the attention to the
almost.perfect systcm of checks and
guards thrown around the issuing of
government property. The thought..
less may call it 'red tape' or cireum,.
locution, but without it Hines to
(lay would he in undisputed posses
of a pair of trousers and a blankot to
which he would have no legal title.
As it is, the system has boen vindi
cated, the right of the United States
to Hines' trousers fully established,
and his personal and pecuniary
A bill indemnifying Hines to the
extent of his loss ($8.65) was passod
by the House and is now before the
Senato. The military committee of
I the Senate debated the grave ques,
tion and wro.o another rep:)rt in
favor of the House bill. No doubt
in clue time the bill will pass the
Senate, be signed by the President
min. becomo a law. Before the relief
reaches Private Hines, of Comupany
F, if it ever does reach him in this
life, as much more red tape and
circumlocution will have been gone
through, and pray how much will all
this cost the government? The
printing alone must have cost more
than a hundred dollars. Was there
ever such rascally humbug in this
world as government rod tape ?
A CALIFORNIA THREAT OF SEcEssIoN.
-The San Francisco Daily Stock
Report, the oldest financial newspa
per on the Pacific coast, in urging
that a monster mass.meeting be
hold in San Francisco to demand of
President Hayes that ho sign the
Chinese bill, says : "Already such a
dread possibility as secession from
the Union, in the event of our fail.
uire to obtain the relief we demand
from the Chinese evil, is broadly
talked of in high circles. The Eamst
has uttedy failed to understand our
position, and to extend thme aid and
sympathy wec have the right to
expet from the sisterhood of States,
Leading men say that we hmave
pleaded, have exhausted arguments,
have cried aloud for relief, but our
most earnest appeals have been
treated withi indignity, and our
sufferings been made a meck. As a
last resort we will take advantage of
the geographical lines that surround
us, the vast extent of soil within our
boundaries, the exhaustless re.
sources of wealth that are ours, and
will set up an Occidental Republic
which, if it cannot rival the 01(d
Rlpublic in its glory of the >ast, will
at least be a magnificent Emnpire of
wvhite freemen, whose heritage shall
be pr.oserved to their chIldren and
their children's children forever."
THE HOMESTEA D EXEMPTION.-JIudge
Aldrich rendered a very important
decision last week on the question
of homestead exemption. The facts
were as follows.: Judgment was
obtained befor.e a trial jus'tice
against defendant, and. he claimed
the benenlts of the homestead law.
He owned not. land. Appraisers
were appointed to set him apart a
homestead in his personal propjerty.
The apraisers made their return set
tinag apart to defendant personal
property speciaed in the constitu'
tion as exempt -to the amount of
about $250, but refused to set ap)art
corn, bacon, &eur and fodder, those
articles in the judgment of the com,
missioners, niot being exenmpt by
lnw. Thn clefenant m,wnr1 the
trial justice for an ordor of reassign
ment on the ground that the corn,
foddor, bacon and flour should have
been set apart to him as exempt.
Tho trial justice decided against
him, holding that those articles were
not Oxempt except when the products
homestead ; that these articles wore
not the yearly products of defend
ant's homestead, because he owned
no real estate, and that they were
not exempt ats personal proporty
because they are not among the
articles onumerat.d as exempt in the
constitution. The defendant ap
pealed to the Circuit Court. Judge
Aldrich sustained the appeal, hold -
ing that the personal property of a
debtor of every iaeription to the .
amount of $5001 is exempt. We
learn that the judgment creditor
proposos to appeo4l to the Supreme
Court. That Court has already one
or more cases of r'1 exactly similar
character before I. its decision is
awaited with i orest--Newberry
Diatucr.-This was the name of
the most famous 1 hangman in Eng
lish history ; in fact, lhe was a prime
rapscallion at that nefarious busi
ness, who succeeded Btill, the earli
ost recorded hanginan, in 1593. At
Cadiz, Derrick hung ninety-five
men, and was egndemned to go
through the performance at the
other end of the r,po himself ; that
is, to be the choked instead of the
choker ; le made an assault on a
woman, an obstreperous method of
wooing, rendered necessary by the
odious nature of his profession. The
Eearl of Essex, however, interposed
and saved his life ; in return for
which kind office Derrick, in 1601,
cut off his presorvor's head. Derrick
was lucky, anmd grow dishonorably
old and rich, and inilly diod do.pis
od, lamentinlg pathetically that he
could not live to cut off the royal
head of Charles . Brandon, his
successor, was not aK great or as
fortunate a man ; ho was -twice con
demned for the crime of bigamy.
He began his career by executing
Strafford, and was thought to be the
masked headsman who officiated at
at the last scene of Charles I' life
The ingenious machine for lifting
takes its name from the noted lifter
of men, and Oil City names a pen
driving machine af er hi'm.
Opium is the most dangerous
drug, especially when given to
children in the shapo of a soothing
remedy. Dr. Bull's Baby Syrup is
warranted not to contain opium in
any form and is the most innocent
and efficacious remedy for children
teething. Price 25 cents, *
The Pope has announced a jubilee
for Marcl', April May, as it is the cus
tom of Popes to. celebrate the first
year in the chair of St. Peter in
FLES1 iARDt)EN S[1,ED3! !
W' E ar seedin te largest stock of
garensedswe have ever had,
and are selling at
We hope to please all, foi' weooell
Buist's, Land reth's, B riggs' and F'erry's.
feb 1 iIcM1ASTER~ & BRIIOE.
J. M.B~EATY & CO,
Have in stock all kinds of Steel Plows.
Also Heel Bolts, grass Beds, Trace
for laying Plowvs, &c.
New Summer Cook.
pir DOES NOT II EAT THlE HOUSE
1Perfect for all kinds of Cooking anid Hloat
Always ready and reliable,
The most satisfactory Stove made and thme
.0" Send for oIreuas.
WHITNEY & BALL M~F'G. Co..
?-1y 1230Chestnut St., Phila
-5O YLLBS. Chok i-eatory Oh:eeseo
oJAct o as the low. J.1~WX/T
WE RLY N WS
'IE Weekly Nows contains live edito
rials, the latest tel grans, carefully
eleCted1 mail News, besides the following
Prizo stories, a chess column, an agri
ultural departmenut, Record of mar
iages aid deaths.
TII E EtEK LY NEJWS
Gives more for the money than any
thur Southern Weekly, Soo the prices:
ingle subscriptions por annum $ 2 00
eive subscriptions at $1 75 - - - 8 75
L'en subscriptions at $1 50 - - - 15 00
L'wenty subseriptions at$1 25 - - 25 00
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The Weekly News will be sent to year
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aonths subscribers for $1 50; to yearly
ubscribers of the Tri-Weekly for $1 5u.
RIOR)AN & D.i1VSON,
Oharlostmn, S. C,
The proprietors of the News and Cou
ir offer SItS', i)tjold, for the best serial
tory, written by a rosiuont of South
iarolina, illustrativo of southern life,
>efore, during or since tho war. The
;onditions are as follows;
I. The story to consist of not less than
weity chapters; the chapters averaging
en pages of foolseap or the equivalent.
2. The manuscript to bo sent to the
)roprietors ofThe Nou%s and Courier not
a1ter than April 1 next.
3. Eeh manuscrip t to be accompanied
by a scaled envelope containing the real
ine an1id the address of the author, and
saring on the outside a motto, which
;hall li kew ise be placed upon the manu
;cript; tho t;caled er.velopo to bo opened
nly when the award has been .nado.
4. The stories to be read by a commit
ce of three residents of Charleston, se
eeted by the proprietors of .'ho News
mil Coarier, who will make their decision
)1 or before April 15th.
The story which1 sha'l be declared to
is, the bust to be the absolute property
)f the proprietors of the '1'he News and
.eurier, and published as a serial in th
Ioeily News Rejected manuscripts to
)e returned forthwith to the atpthora,
C LUMBIA REGISTER.
)AILY, TRI-WEEKLY ANI) WEEK,Y.
[cost Newspaper ever Publislhed
APITAL OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
CIRCULATION LARGE AND CONSTAKTLV
WE respeetfully invite the attention
of the icading community to the
,xcellent, newspapers we are now
)ublishing in Columbia. THE REGIS
I'El is the only paper ever published at
he capital of South Carolina which is eon
litod as Pre the leading d}ili,s of
he principal cities of the e(.untry. We
iave an ablo and distinguished corps of
ulitors-gentlemen well known all over
he State for their learning, ability and
ound Democratic principloes;-men who
maye served the Stato and the South on
very occasion when the demand arose
'or their services, and who utay be safely
lepended upon as reliable leaders of the
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TIlE DAILY REGISTER is a twenty
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imtes, anid replete withm interestirag ntis,
,eilaneous r(ading. The LOCA14 NEWS
s full and interesting, one editor devot
nig his time exclusively to that depart
nent. Our correspond ence from Wash
ngton and other places of note gives amy
mtertaining resume of all theo imporLanit
vents of the clay,
THlE TRI-WEECLY REGISTE~R, with
olme mcinor ehanges, conipises the conp
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THlE WEEKLY lIEGISTER is a large,
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imus of reading *mater, egnbracinig all
he niews of the' woek and the most ijn..
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imout; cad for twventy subscribers to
he Weekly, five dollars of the - algount.
48 aR~ AbVERTISiNG -MUDIOM, .the 'tegig.
er affords unequalled facilities, havan~
1arge circulation, and numibering
mong its . -patrons the well-to-do
)eople of the middle and upp eg
ortion of the State. Terms reaonable;
For any information desied ad.4rea
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-Columb,ia, 5. 0.
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itpplied onL Zapplicatjin
The Most P'opular Scientific Paper in the
Only $2.20 a year, including postage,
Weekly. 42 Numbers a year. 4,000
r lHE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN is a
? First-Class Weekly Newspaper of six
teen pages, printed in the tuast beautiful
style, profusely illustrated with splendid
engravings, representing the newest in
vontionf and the most recent Advancet
in the Arts and Sciences; iuclucing new
and intorosting facts in agriculture, hor,
tlouiture, the horn o, health, medical
progress, social science, natural history,
geology, astronomy, The most yaluablo
practi al papers, by eminent writers iii
all departmtnts of soilence, will be found
in the Scientific American:
Terms, $3.20 per year, $1.60 half year,
which includes postage, Pisoount to
Agents, Single copies, ten eepts. Sold
by all newsdcslers Remit by postal
order to MUNN & 00., Publishers, 37
Park Row, New York.
PATENTS. In connootion with thq
Scientific American, Messrs. Munn & Co,
a,e solicitors of American and Foreign
Patents, have had thirty-four years ex.
perienco, and now have the largest es
tablishment in the world. Patents are
obtained on the bAst terms. A special
notice is made in the Scientifio Ameri
can of all inventions patented through
this agency, with the name and resi,
dence of the patentee. By the immense
circulation thus given, the publio atten
tion io directed to the merits of the now
patent, and salse or iptrpduction often
Any person who has tnado a new dis
covery or invention, can ascertain free of
charge, whether a patent can probably
be obtained, by writing to tho underr
signod. We also send free our [land
Book about the Patunt I.aws, Patents
Caveats, Trado-Marks, their post, an
how procured, with hipts for procuring
advances on inventions. Address for
the paper, or concerning patents,
MUNN & CO.,"
37 Park Row, New York.
Branch Office, Corner F and 7th ste.,
Washington, 1), C.
r-11E bottom has been reached at lpst,
.. . and Sugenbeimor & Groesohel are
still ahead in I,OW PRJJJS.
We have this day .consolidated th.9
stock of goods recently purcha;ed pf S,
3. Wolfe with our stock pt the old atopd,
and for th.o next 30 days wiil ofer bar.
gains in every line of goods that wil'
convinae tbo closest cash buyers that w.
intend to maintain the well-earned
tation we now enjoy, .of giving .on nuq
Benoat of Our Jaragais,
We extend a cordial invitation to te
citizens of Fairfield to call and examine
our Ptock and pices, anid be ponyincedJ
th.at they can now buy goods .a, prices
tha4 defy comin petiti,on ;t home or abro.ad..
We olier sp.epial induoements in .tbo
following goouds Aor 3Q days only--n
crder to mae n.ecessary room for our
spring anJd summeir p'urobases;
50 Pices Standard Prints, .5 eente .
50 pieces Standard Prints, 6 oen.ts..
1.0 doz. Gents' Unlaun.drod Shir.ts,
worth 86 oents and $%.00 at 75 cents ang
15 doz. Gents'fmneFur IJats,
War.h $3.00 .to .4.00, $2.00.
200 paira Gents' Pants,
worth $5.00, $3.00,
100 pairs Gents' Gaiters, 50 eents.
Children's Shioes $5,, 50 and 75 ente
per pair. L,adies' .and Misses' Sh,oes at
greatly reduced prkees. D'ress Goode
10 cents to 25 aents, worth 156 to 40 cpt:e.
Our egiro stock of woo1eg gnig ~ood
without reserve at and4 below New Yor
One piece B3laek Brxoad Oloti, wort~
$5.00, at .$2.00, Ladies', Misnes' and
Children's ILosi0ry Ia white and faney
colors, at greatly redn.oed pries. Ladies5
Misses' .end Chlidren's O16ves in-all eel.,
era .at .5 to 10 0e74s per pair,
DoubWe-BarreledfJOnes, 8tooklooks an4
P'adlooks, Tablo Cutlery, &e., at half
price, to oloeA outi.
These goods were purehased for pasb,
at very low figures, ad we intend to
give our custropiers the benefit ,of the~
tlaat we saved in the purq*pse 44n.
:SUGENBXIMERl & G0GPI0HF,.
February 4th, 1819,
TH,E DAY STAT2
"Standard Serew" Shoes
will always give $AtS