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TI-WEEKLY EDITION.} WINNSBORO, S. C. THURSDAY, MARCH27,1879 NOL
TIE ELECTION CASES.
Duty of the Public--The Democrats
Must be Protected from Persecution.
( Mom the News and Courier.]
The expectation is that at tho'April
term of the United States Court,
which begins next Monday week, in
Charleston, a largen umber of cases
growing out of the elections of 1878
will be tried. There are, to begin
with, the cases which were continued,
or resulted in a mistrial, at the last
term of the Court. There will be
some now cases, and it will not be
forgotten that, with many offences
under the Election laws, the District
Attorney can proceed "by informa
tion,' it is called, and need not
submit the indictments to the
grand jury. Charleston, Colleton,
Hampton, -Sumter, Barnwell, Or
angeburg, Richland, Aiken and
Georgetown will be represented, it
is believed, and perhaps other coun
ties. The government, restrained
by the presence of an economical
Congress, is desirous of avoiding
any unnecessary expense, but there
is no roason to expect that there
will be either a halt or a retreat.
For its own justification the govern
inent is anxious to secure the con
viction of some prominent persons
who are accused of fraud or ,intimi
dation at the elections. It is a
political necessity, and the District
Attorney will be certainly instructed
to follow Grant's order to Sheridan
and "Push thinge !" The Govern
iont officors must take the law as it
stands, without reference to its coil
The drawing of juries for the
United States Courts is controlled
by the Federal oflicers. As well as
can be judged the grand jury is bad,
but. the petty jury is fairly good. The
all-important thing is to e:ire the
attendance of theso jurors. Appli
cations to be excused, it is said, have
been made by the most respectable
jurors on the list. It is not to be
expected that equilly respectable
jurors will be drawn in their plaev
The chances are largely against it.
In the hands of the bettor el iss of
jurors is the fate of the accuseo.
And we know that we express the
sentinents of the Democracy in
general.when we say that, in the
present condition of afl:irs, it is a
crime, and nothing less, for a
respectable citizen to seek to avoid
serving as a juror, boeause it will
interfere with his business or his
comfort. The failure to attend,
leaving his fellow-citizens without
protection, will hurt him far more
than temporary asbenceo from home
The accused should be repr,sented
by the ablest lawyers in the State,
and by auch an array of them as will
bear witness that these oleet:on
cases do not stand on the same level
as prosecutions for illicit distilling
or failinn to cancel a revenue stamp.
It should be mace n,nnif . t that li
is a question in which every Deino-.
crat is interested, and in which the
whole Sta' a is concerned. The
lawyers get their full share of the
public offices. They pick up the
i ruit when othe men shake the tree.
lb is their duty, therefore, to come
forward now, in a body, to offer
their services in defending the
accused. The members of the Bai'
in the country will do it. We hope
that there is no less spirit in
Charleston than there is in-B3arnwell,
Aiken, Edgefield or Sumter !
The plain truth of it is that the
Democratic party will be badly beat
en, in several counties, at the next
election, unless the communities
which enjoy the advantages of a
Democratic rule uphold and defend
the stalwart Democrats who "rani
the machihe" last autumn. In no
instance have- the Republicans failed
to take care of their men. Pender
grass is the latest example. In a
few days over five hundred dollars
were raised to pay the fine imposed
' upon him by Judge Mackey, upon his
conviction of libel. How long
would it take to procure 'the same
sum to discharge a similar fine
imposed upon a Demoerat ? Until
the political millennium shall come,
there will be a vast, amount of uin
pleasant work to be -done at every
election. The Republicans know it,
and their plan is to -deprive the
Democratic party of its most valu,
able agents, by deionstrating that
it cannot, or wvill not, protect theseI
F who make themselves, the targets of
the 1Republicanr p)olitidians by organ.i
izing Democratic victories. It rests
with the p)eople, at large, to say
wvhether the Republican scheme,
carry,ing in its train~ the pestoration,
of' lRacical rulde in several counties,
shall accomplishlii purpose, 0r nlot]
With an amplo defence fund wihl,
th' juries as dr awn, and with able
counsel to defend the "aoo'eed
before the court and the country,
there is nothing to fear for tle
accused, for the party, or for the
A POLICE COU'e INCIDLNT.-At the
request of Judge Wilson yesterday
John Sullivan stood up before the
bar of justice to answer to the
charge of drunkenness. Mr Sulli
van put in a plea of not guilty, and
stated to the court that he was a
hard working man, and had not
tasted a drop of liquor for six
"You promised me yoster lay that
you .would have your employer hero
this morning to testify that you are
a working man ; is ho on hand ?"
inquired the court.
"Perhaps I ought not to mention
it in public," said Sullivan, looking
around with a smilo on his face,
"but my onployor had an episode in
his family this morning-weight ten
pounds ; mother and child doing
well, as the newspapers say-which
prevented him from coming ont."
"Is there no other person in the
citys who knows you have been
"Hundreds of them, your Honor,
hundreds of them."
"Perhaps l'ome of the officers
present could testify in your behalf,"
suggested the court.
"I have no doubt many of them
would be glad to do so," said Sulli
van, as he wiped his nose on his
"Four officers,one after the other,
swore that Sullivan was out every
night until a late hcur, carousing
around the wicke 1 places of the city,
add was drunk during the day on an
average of six times a week."
"It has often been hinted to me
thit the entire polico of Civcinnati
had an animo:ity against me, but
no one could have convinced inc of
the truth of it. I see it all row,"
"He puts us to more trouble than
any man in that part of the town,"
said another .oilicer.
"I don't I don't I don t" replied
the prisoner rapidly ; I've been
working almost day and night for
past six mour,hs"
"But whero's your witnesses ?" de
mando I the court.
"Didn't I tell you my employer had
an episode in his family, and couldin't
"And there will be an episode in
your famnity, Mr. Sullivan," said the
( irt. "it is in the shape of a
sentence agai1.st you of three
months in the workhouse. Pass
under the rod, and miako way for
that gent with the black eye."
A NEW THEORY REARDING DIun
MIEs.--Iaving observed that Egyp.
tian mummies could be divided into
two classes, one embracing thoee
bodies which had been emhbaluod
intact, and the other including those
bodios which had boon eviscerated,
Dr. Gauselback, a Swedish chemist
of reputo and Professor of the Un'..
versity of Upsal, has formed the
opinion that the -mnmmies of the
frtcasare not really dead, but
are only in a condition of suspended
animation, the secret of bringing
them again to life having been lost. In
support of this theory lie adduces
the result of his own researches and
expel'iments, one of which con%ists
in submitting a snake to a process,
the details of wvhich are, of course,
kept secret, whlich potrifies it. In
this condition it has beeni laid aside
for a year or two at a time, and it is
then restored to life by some equally
mysterious vivifying process. This
ha~s now been going on about fi:teen
years, and thie,snake does not seem
to dislike ist. Dr. Gauselback is
said to have applied to the Swedish
Government for leave to experiment
on a condemned criminal, the under,
standing being that if the experi
ment is successful tihe criminal shall
receive pardon, because of -the
service thus rendered to science and
possibly to humanity.-Jour~nal of
It is calculated that.the new ateel
brcech--loading Krupp -gun, which is
to be experimiented with ait Meppen,
in Westphalia,- next month, wvill
send a pro jectile ..VeIghirng. 1,000
pounds a distance of fifteen miles,
with a veloity, as. it. leaves th9.
muzzle, of. 1,640 feet per second; or
as the LondQn Times puts it "an'
energy of very nearly 81,000 foot
tons." . No armnon, plate yet c'on
strueted couldl successfully resist
such a force.
-The Washington (Ecy.) . .Watch
man says a mani in Nelson county
gave bis. childrenthe fo,llowpag
pe:Hnbrew Foshion, Marriage
Be1, Southern Soil, 4ndon Judge,I
CO USINV SALL,YDILLARD.
[By 7familn'C. Jones.]
This story first appeared upwards
of fifty years ago. We give it now
for the benefit of the junior members
of the bar and the respectable class
of law students who will soon bo
called to sift evidence in tho courts
of our States.
Scene-A Court of Justice in
A boardless disciple of Thomis
arises, and thus addresses the court.
"May it please your worships, and
you, gentlemen of the jury, since it
has bon my fortune (good or bad
I will not say) to exercise myself in
legal disquisitions, it has never
before befallen mo to be obliged to
prosecuto so direful, marked and
malicious an assault-a more willfull
violent, dangerous battery, and
finally a more diabolical breach of
the peace has seldom been your
duty to pass upon, one so shocking
to benevolent feeling, as this which
took place at Capt. Rico's in this
county. But you will hear from the
The witnesses being sworn, two
or threo were examined and depos,
ed. Ono said that ho had heard the
noise and did not see the fight
another that he saw tte row but
didn't know who struck first ; and a
third that he was very drunk and
couldn't say much about the scrim
Lawyer Chops-I am very sorry,
gentlemen, to have occupied your
time with the stupidity of the wit
nesses examined. It arises, gentle
men, altogether fromn misapprehen.
sion on my part.: Had I known, as
I now do, that I had a witness in
attendance who was well acquainted
with all the circumstances of the
case, an:] was able to make himself
clearly understood by the court and
jury, I should not so long have
trespasse(I on your time and
patience. Come -forward, Mr .Harris,
and be sworn.
Har ris-"Exactly"-giving the
lawyer a knowing wink, and at the
same limo clearing his throat. Capt.
Biles, he gin'a treat, and Cousin
Sally Dillard, she came over to our
house and axed Ime if' my wife
moutn't go. I told Cousin Sally
ily wife was poorly. being as how
she had a touch of the rheumatics in
the hip, and the big swamp was in
the road, ani the big swamp was
up, for there had been a heap of
rain lately, but howsomever, as it
was she, Cousin Sally Dillard, my
wife she moat go. Well, Cousin
Sally Dillard then asked me if Mose
ho niuta't go; I told Cousia Sally
Dillard that Moso was foreman of
the crop, and the crop was smartly
in the grass, but somohowever, as it
was she, Cousin Sally Dillard, Mloso
ho mout go.
Chops-In the name of common
sense, Mr. Harris, what do you mean
by this rigmarole ? )o say what
you know about the riot.
Witness-Capt. Rice ho gin a
treat, and Cousin Sally Dillard she
caine over to our house and axed mne
if my wife she mout go. I told
Cousin Sally Dillard
Chops-Stop, sir, if you p)lease
we don't want to hear anything
about Cousin Sally Dillard .and
your wife-toll us.about the fight.
Witness-Wol1l, I will, sir, if you
will lot me.
Chops- WVell, sir, go on.
Witness-Well, Capt. Rice, he gin
a treat and Cousin Sally Dillar'd she
camne over to my house and axed me
if my wife she moutn't go
Chops-=-There it is a gain ; wit
ness, witness, please to sitop).
WVitness.~Wo~Vll, sir, w:hat do you
Chops-We want to know about the
fight, and you must not p)roceedl in
this impertinent story, Do you
know- anything about the matter
before the court'?
Witness--To be suro I do.
Chops-Well, jon go on and tell
it ; and nothing else.
Witness-Well, Capt. Rice, he
gizg a treat
*Chops -This is intol orable. May
it please the Couit, I move that this
witness be committed for contempt.
Ho seems to bp trifling with the
Court-Witness, you are now
before a court of jusfice ; unlossi you
behave yourself in a more becomning
manner you ill be sent to jail ; so
begin and tell what you knoiv'df the
fgtat Capt. Rice's.
Witness. larmqd-Woll, gentle,.
men, COn t. )~j ~ in a treat, and
Cousin haIll i&r
Chops-I hop this., witnes may
be ordered into, custody,
Opurb (af ter . deliberating)-Mr.
Attorney, the Cour.t. is of opinion
ahet we may save time by tellinig the
,witposs to g ni i w ay
Proceed, Mr. Harris, with your
story, but stick to the point.
Witnoss-Yes, gentlomem ; well,
Capt Rico ho gin a treat, and Cousin
Sally Dillard she came over to our
house and axed me if my wife she
moutn't go. I told Cousin Sally
Dillard that my wife she was poorly,
being as how she had the rheumatics
in the hip, and the big swamp was
up ; but hlowsomever, as it was sho,
Counsin Sally Dillard, my wife she
iout go. Cousin Sally Dillard then
asked mo if Mose he moutn't go. I
told Cousin Sally Dillard as how
Mose, he was the foreman of the
crop, and the crop was smartly in
the gras,., but howsomovor, as it was
she, Cousin Sally Dillard,. Moso ho
mout go. So they go' on together,
Mose, my wife, and Cousin Sally
Dillard, and they come to the big
swamp, and it is up, as I was telling
you; but being as how there was a
log across the big swamp Cousin
Sally Dillard and Mose, like gentle
folks, they walked the log, but my
wife like a drattod fool hiosted up
her petticoat and waded through, and
that's all I know about the fight.
A PosER FOR TI E "HAWKEYE" MAN.
-A young man, who evidently rep
resents some St. Louis house, asks
me where I ahn from. I toll him.
His eye brightens. He;says :
"Do you know Gust. Hirsch,
No, I tell him, I do not.
"Know Marx Oppenheimer ?"
I don't know Marx Oppenheimer.
"Do you know Joe Holminghau,
I fail to remember Mr. H.
"Then do you know Chris. Er
I don't believe I do.
"But you must know Ernest
I think possibly that I may have
known some of him, and possibly a
great deal of him, at different times,
but I am quite positive that I never
knew him all at once.
The young man from the St.
Louis house looks amazed.
"Well," lie says at last, "you ain't
got much acquaintance in Burling
And I sadly remarked that my
acquaintance there is rather limited,
and he goes away.. Presently he
"Oh," he says, "them fellus I said
to you about lives in Davenport."
And I feel greatly relieved, for I
had beguti to think that I didn't
know anybody in Burlington.--R.
IrnTAx REMAINs.-In the French
Broad is an island containing about
three hundred acres. During the
first flood of. 1875, the soil from
about ton acres from its upper end
was entirely washed away. In culti
vating the sub-soil afterwards, the
plow went through beds of earthenr
ware so that now the surface is lit
erally covered with these fragments
of ancient pottery. On a fair esti
mate, enough of these remain on
every square rod to make a pot of
In nearly every instance where
ditches have been dug ~along the
banks, or where the high water has
taken awvay the soil, human pones
have been exhumed, and in many
p)laces entire graveyards have been
uncovered. In a certain locality on
Pigeon River, a branch of the Ten..
nessee, it is impossible to dig a post
hole ,without coming upon human
It is true that the banks of Ten
nesse River', from its source to its
mouth, are a continuous sepulchre,
in many' placee literally pp.cked with
human bones. Surely "those that
walk the earth are but a,handful to
the tribes that slumber in its
NOTICE is hrtreby given that an elec
tion for intendant and four war
dons for the town of Winnsboro, S. C.,
will be hold in the Town Hall on Mon -
dlay, t.hoseventh cday of April, 1879, b's
tween the hours of seven o'clock, a. mn.,
and five o'clock, p. in. TIhe following
persons,.are hereby ap)pointed managers
of said eleet.ion, viz: A. H1. Fleming, E.
S. Chandler and Willis Goode. The books
will be opena for registrrtion on Thurs
day, Friday and Saturday next preceding
the dlay of election, commencing at vix
o'clock, mn., and closing at six o'clook,
p. mn. order of Council:
WM. N. CHIANDLJER,
: inch 22-tdClerk,
DR. C. H. LAIDD,
Hl AVIN(G returned to Winnsboro, and
resumed the practice of mnedicino,
offers hisa professional services to-the oiti-.
zons of tho"townl and county,
;f' 00ic0 in .Bank 'Range, up stairs,
ext1to Newos and Herald ofiloc. Entrance
Pay yolar subscr'iption.
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