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T 11 'W EE K L Y E D IT.( .N W IN N S13 . S . C . T U E S.D A Y , A P RL 1 , 187 9 iV O L . 3 N O .2 6
THE FIGHIT IN CONGRESS.
MfIIITA1tYlt UL11 OR CIVIL LIFTs$
Tk TIE INSUE oF T1IEC 110UI.
Op oning ot' tho Great Debate- -Speech.
es by Stephens, Garfold and Othere
Speaker o'andaln's Ruling.
WASHINGTON, March 29.-HousE.
j -~At 12A40 the House went into
,commnittee of the whole on the ariny
appropriation bill and the discussion
was resumed, Stephens, of Georgia,
opemng it. He argued in favor of
the relevancy and admissibility of
the section, but intimated his dis
sent from the theory that the rules
of one house governed the succeed
ing House unless readopted. '1here
was no question in his mind but
that the pending section was ger,
mane and was in th. direction of i
retrenching expenditures. Retrench
ment was not only possible and
probable but certain. He discussed
the laws of 1795 and 1807 and
argued that thoy did not apply to
the use of ti oops in civil cases, but
only in casoc of invasion and insur
rection. In civil cases troops wore
fl nished on the call of the marshal
as t )onc comnitatus, but such
provis,on as autlhoiizcd the presence
of troops at the polls never existed
on the statute book until 1865, and
all the change of legislation propos
ed by the suction in question was a
repeal of that law. Public senti
ment North and South was against
the empluymncut of troops at the
pols. Theto w.s no need for such
a ting. Thu country had got along
witbout it for three qu.trters of a
century. There would he no harm
dcnc, therefore, by the repeal of t: e
Lw. Alr. Stephens spoke for over
twenty minut.es in a clear voice and
attracted great attention.
After argument by Reed, of Maine,
atgainst the section und in support
ai t.he poir t of ordo:, the chairman
made a dec"ii,n over-ruling the
Poin.t of 01 r a+nl holding that the
sCeci at ivas gui mii,ano and would
retrenci expenditut es. An appeal
w.:s t.il;en and the decision sustained
by a vote of 115 to 107.
A geliota lieu,sion was then
open tu, by Gai field, his argunent
being that no vote would be taken
to-doy. Gat lield made a very
strong speech against the policy of
the Democratic party in Congress
declaring it to ho utterly revolution..
ary and tendin g to the subversion
of the govci nmenit. He showed
how, by the abstention of the
majority in either house from the
periorin.anc3 of their ledislative
duiaties, the gover"nmlent could be
br:ken, and declared that this was
the first time in American history
and tie fist time in two centuries
in England t.hat it had been propos
ed or insistetl upon that those vol.
untary powers should be used for
the destruction of the government,
and yet that was the programme
announced to the American people
to-day. If the pending proposition
was the simplest and umost inoffen,
sive. still when it was demlanlded as
a imatter of coercion, it had to be
resistedl. It was not against the;
proposition itself, buit against tihe
Demooort,tc e methods, that hIe spoke,
and what. was5 thle lw, onl the repeall of
which the~ DemlocraIt4 now inaisted
at the very peilli of tile national life?
It was5 the la1w pIroposed by tile
Democratic Senator, Powell, of
Ihonfucky, reported algainls by a
Rup ublic:m1 coilmmiittee and( passed
in both houseA by aL me.jority of
Denmociratic vetos, thle nmjori.y of
Repu)iblican vote-s being agaimst it.
lHe named tis vting for it Senators
.Hendricks, of Indiana, . Davis, of
K(on tucky, Johnson, Maryland, and
McDowecll, of California, and among:
t he Democratic Representatives
R.mndall, of Pennsylvania, WVood1, of
Newv York. and POndleton), of Ohio.
Tile speech creates groat excite
3noun AcquiTT1a.-A telegram'
was received herie yesterday an
noulntinlg that tile man B3runer,
clhar-gedl with tihe murder of tihe late
P. M. Murray, of this city, in Rock
Hill last summer, who was brought
to trial day before yesterday in!
Yorkville had been acquitted. No
furthler particulars wvere received,
only about, Lhr ee imintost, but it is
p)reumedr. tha:t it was shown) to the
sattisfactionl of the court that the
shiooting was in self defence It
will be remembored that the killing
wasM done during the progress of an
A New OrleAts wotnan, whose
hiusbanld was killed by a pet boar,
haos sued its owner for $55,000 data.
. Cautionary Circular to the Grangers
of the United States.
[3Massachusells Ploughman. ]
At a special meeting of the "Mas-'
achusetts" Grange, P. of H. No. 38,
old at their headquarters in Bos
on, Juno 29, 1878, it was unani
uously voted that the Master of the!
VIassaclusetts State Grange be ro
inested to send the following cau
ionary circular to the local Granges
)f Massachusetts and to the State
iranges of the United States:
BROTHEnS-We think it our duty
;o caution Grangers against the
ncreasing sale of poisonous articles
n our markets.
Arsenic is now sold at wholesale
it about five cents a pound.
There has been imported into
his country in a single year, two
nillions three hundred and twenty
seven thousand seven hundred and
orty-two pounds. A single pound
ontains a fatal dose for about
wenty-eight hundred adult per
;ons. What becomes of it ?
We answer, a considerable porh
ion goes into our wall papers,
Sgured and plain, glazed and un
lazed ; the cheapest as well as the
rnore expensive. It is found in
white, blue, red, yellow, green and
>ther colors. The pale colors fre
quently contain more than the most
The editor of a leading Boston
paper has recently stated that about
eighty five per cent. of all wall
papers now manufactured contain
arsenic, and advises his readers to
abandon their use, and paint their
walls. The Boston Journal of
Uhemistry states that the Inanu
facture of these papers is increasing.
Arsenic is. also used in tickets,
paper curtains, covers of boxes,
papers containing confectionery, and
Arsenic and other poisons are
also now used in the coloring mat
t.r of ladies' dresses; gentlemen's
under clothing, socks, hat linings,
linings of boots and shoes. They
are found in woolens, silka, cottons
Professor Nichols, of the Massa
C'm3ette Institute of Technology,
found eight grains of arsenic in each
square foot of a dress.
Another of our chemists Tound
ten grains of arsenic in a single
A child recently died in Troy, N.
Y., by taking arsenic from a veil
thrown over its crib to keep off the
The Boston Journal of CYhemis
try states that they are now putting
arsenic into toilet powders used in
nurseries and by ladies, it being
cheaper than starch, of which they
were formerly made.
Many flavoring oils and syrups
contain poisons. It is well to avoid
them as far as possible.
Tea, coffee, cocoa and chocolate
are all liable to be adulterated and
to some extent with dangerous
I.t is well to buy only of the best
and most experienced dealers.
Drugs are largely adultered. It
is well to buy only of the most ex,
perienrced and reliable druggists.
Sewving silks and threads are made
heavy with lead, and poison those
who use them.'
Thousands of barrels of "terra
alba" or while earth, are every year
mixed in various forms with our
sugars and other white substances.
Its use Lends to produce stone,
kidney complaints, and various dlis
eases of the stomach. A large part
of our cream of tartar used in cook'.
ing contains fifty per cent. or mors
of "terra alba.".
It is also used extensively ini con
fec tion ery.
Mills in various parts of the
country are now grinding white
stone into a fine powder. It is
stated that they grind at home of
these mills three grades, soda grade,
sugar grade and flour grade.
We think it would be a paying
investment for the Grangers of each
State to employ a competent chem
ist to detect and publish adultera
bions, and then withdraw all p)atrons
age from those who manufacture or
sell such articles.
We think there is quite as much
mood of organizations in all our
States to en force laws for the pro
tection of public health, as there is
ror organizations to catch and pun
sh horse thieves.
In conclusion we can congratu -
ate the Granges that farmers are
3xempted from some of the dangers.
So which other classes are subject.
We make our own vinegar. It is
stated Ia the Scient 1$. American
that prol~ablpvhalf the, vinsger now
sold in onr cities is 'cank poison."
We mnake our own pickles. A
EassBachusette ehiemist, who analy:
ed twelve packages of pickles put
up by twelvo difforont wholesale
dealers, found copper in ton of
We have pure milk and genuine
cream, and not the manufactured
material which so largoly supplies
our cities and populous towns.
It was estiinated by a medical
comiifission of the Boston Board of
Health, in 1874, that nearly $W00,
000 was paid in that city, in Ithat
year, for what purported to bo. but
was not milk.
In a similar period of Limo Ithere
were 487 deaths of "Cholera Infan
tutn" in Suffolk county, while in the
same population outsido the city
there were less than one hundrpd.
And lastly, we are not compelled
to eat oleoniargine ohocse, or any
part of the ninety million pounds of
oleomargarine butter, which 'it is
estimated will be made in' this
country this year, in which, as we
aro told by the Chicago Lice Atock
Journal, Professor Church has
found horso fat, fat from bones,
and fat such as is principally - used
for the making of candles, a d in
the preparation of which, a has
been recently widely pub shed,
upon what seems to be reliable
authority, not suflicient heat is used
to kill the parasites which enter
and brood in human bodies.
B1'\. P. VARE,
Macter Nif State Grange of Mass.
The above paper was prepared by
3rother George T. Angell, Cliaplain
of the "Massachusetts" Grange, of
Boston, and who is also director of
the American Social Ueienco Asso
ciation, an(d President of the Massa
chusetts Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals.
A SAD SUICIDE. - On last Sunday
evening Miss Julia Scott committed
suicide at White Pond, at the resi
dence of her brother. The circun
stances as told us were as follows :
While her brother's family was at
supper she told a colored woman
who was in the room with her to
go out and stay until she called her.
With one of her shoes in her hitnd
she followed the woman out of the
door into the piazza, wont to the
water bucket and returned to the
room. Almost inimnodiately the
report of a gun was hea:rd, and the
startled family rushed into the
room where they found her body on
the floor and tho gun lying by .,it.
One of her hands was blackened by
the smoke of the powder and her
clothing was on fire. It seems that
after returning to the room she had
cocked both barrels of the gun,
placed tho muzzle against her body
and pushed the trigger with her
foot. The charge passed through
her heart and caine out just below
the collar bone, producing almost
instant death. Miss Scott was
about eighteen or twenty years of
age. She had been in bad health
for some time and her untimely
death is v.ttributed to temporary
mental aberration. An inquest was
held on Monday by Trial Justice
A GENTLE HJINT.-tn our style of
climuite, with its sudden changesof
templera ture-rain, wind and sun -
shine, often intermingled iS a sin~
glo dap-it is no.wonder that our
children, friends and relatives aire
so frequently taken from us by
neglected colds, half the deaths re
sulting directly from this cause. A
.bottlo of Boschece's German Syrup
kept about your home for imo
diate use will prevent serious sic'k
niess, a large dloctor's bill, and per
haps Jeath, by the use of three or
foui' doses. For curing Consump
tion, Homnorr'ihn ges, Pneumonia,
Severe Coughs, Croup, or any dis,
ease of the Throat or Lungs, its
success is simply wonderful, as your
druggist will t(ll you. German
Syrup is now sold in every town
and village on this continent.
Sample b)ottles for trial,10Oc.; regnr..
lar size, 75cts.*
AN INGENIOUS GAMBLING IN8TRU
MENT.-An eXcedingly ingenious
apparatus, designed to facilitate
cheating at cards, was recently
captured in a gambling room in San
Francisco. It consists of an are
rangement of springs in a frame
which passes around the player's
arm beneath his coat sleeve, and
contains the cards designed to be
used in cheating. Attached to the
apparatus is a string which passes
around the player's body to his left
band. By means of the string the
pl1ayer can throw out the cards so
as to "stock" -his hand and with
draw those that he does not con
sider strong enough to play against
his opponent. The machine,. bore
evidence of long service, and has
doubtless emptied the pockets of
many a greenhrn -
HI.k FoQHT W1ITI 2IAXRS,
Jim Currie, the Murderer, as a "Brave
Union Soldter"--Detaile of The Texas
Lillle Rack (Ark.) Gazelle.
The murder of Mr. B. 0. Porter, of
the Diplomacy dlranatic company,
was one of the most brutal known
in the long list of "Lone Star" death
dealing. Of course the people of
Texas, as tho people of all other
civilized States, look upon such a
transaction with horror. Addition
al particulars only show the mat
ter up in a moro murderous
light. J. S. Shopard and Earnest
Stanloy, of Emorson's Minstrols,
arrived in tho city recently, and
from them wo learn tho following
facts, they being present at the time
of the shooting
. - Previous to the murder, James
Currie met Shopard and Stanl,3y,
and seemed very mnuch dispo,ed to
creato a disturbance, insomuch that
that the two gentlemen avoided him.
On the following morning the Dip'
lomacy company was in a restaurant
at the (epot, as previously stated,
when the murderer, Currie, walked
in. M,aking an obscene remark, Mi'.
Porter very gentlemanly called him
aside and remonstrated with him,
telling him that he should not speak
so in the prseico of ladies.
"What the lh-Il have you got to
do with it ?" exclaimed the assassin,
drawing two revolvers.
Mr. Maurice Barryiore walked
up at this time, and, drawing off his
"We are both unarmed t but if
you will lay down your pistols, ITl
give you all you want."
Vithout saying -anything more,
and without. any other provocation,
Currie fired both pistols almost si
multaneously--one at Porter and
the other at Barrymora--and quick
as a fiash be fired both pistols again.
The first discharge intended for
Porter struck b'im in the lower part
of the body, and the next ball went
through his bowols. The first shot
intended for Barrymore missed, and
the next struck his right arm. Por
ter fell to the floor and died within
I forty minutes. lie suffered greatly,
his last words being, "Give me moro
A'ter Porter fell, Currio fired at
Miis' umming with both pistols,
and missing her, advanced and
placed the lie muzzles of both
weapons to her bosom. TLe affright
ed woman shrank back, and evaded
the deadly discharge. The brute
then turned and fired several times
at a boy, and then at some ono else;
and then, when lie saw no one else
whom ho desired to murder, to show
his utter lack of feeling, walked up
to a dog lying on the floor and
stamoped his head.
Of about forty mon who gathered
around the place, not one had nerve
enough to attempt an arrest. Cur
rie, after doing all he could, walked
back into tho restaurant, and in an
insulting manner demanded
"What do I owe here ?" and then
adding, "I'll see you again," walked
out and gave himself up.
Dallas ( Teas) Herald.
James Currie was born of highly
r'ospectable parents in New York.
A t the commencement of the war he
enlisted in the Federal armv and
served as a nonm-comnmissionec ofl1i
cer in President -Hayes' regiment
until,it closed. He then went to
Kansas and was employed as en
gineer on the Kansas and Pacific
road until 1867, when ho joined
General Forsyth in his indian Q;po
difion,.as a scout. ie was in the
fight on the Republican Fork, when
sixty Federal troops were .attacked
by the Indians and all biassaered
except ten, Currie -being~ one who
escaped. He again returned and
took a positi.)n on the Kansas Pacific
iraihoad. When in Kansas, it is said
he killed a cigar-manker for intimacy
with his mistress. He is smkid to 'be
feared by even the greatedt deepers
adoes. Bill Hlickock, known as
"Wild Bill," the most desperate man
in the Black Hills, and who was
there killed, used to state that ho
was afraid of but one man, and that
man was Jun Currie. His health
failing him in Kansas, he journeyed
south, and .was 9mployed as an
engineer on rhe Ncwv Orleans. St.
Louis and Chiesgo raiload. About
six years ago ho came to Texas and
was given employment on the Texas
and Pacific road as engineer. This
position lie held until' about two
years since, when he was selected as
a detective on the roads
Mrs, Ursula Hmupbreysville, of
Northfield, Conn., though one hun-~
dred And one years old, is still able
to be about. T wo rears ago she
rode a tuowing machmne, and drove
the hoream thiryugh th e 04
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