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TUZAD.Y "1rtL W.~ " Y8?fl.
- TERMs oF T m Naws AND HiEtRALD.
'w.-Tri-weekly edition, four dollars per
annumn, in advanci; weekly edition,
two dollars and fifty cents perannun,
in advance. Liberal discount to clubs
of five and upwards.
Ri.rEts oF ADvknTisIN.-One dollar
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fifty cents per'inch for each subseq sent
insQrtion. These rates apply to nIl ad
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are parable tlgtJ. yi iI dlnne. '1
tracts fdr 1i i,,x 'o t lv Ib 1$
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slit -local ' itees, fte cent br
line for the first insertion and seven
and.one-half cents per line for each
subsequent insertion. Obituaries and
tributes of respect charged as 'adver
tisements. Simple announcements of
marriages and dentils published free of
charge, and solicited.
All communications of whatsoever
nature; should be acidressed to the
WinnIISboroQ. 'ubUs Mug .. CyIpany,
Winnsboro,'Bi0. i r -
, -New Advertisements.
Notice-E. S. Chandler, Clerk of
An article on comnlon schools has
been crowded out of thi# issue, and
will oppear in the next.
Sheriff Ruff infdrins its tht. for tYic
first time since he has been In office,
there Is now not a single prisoner in
Purge out the iuorbid humors of'the
blood, by a dose or two of Ayer's
Pills, and you will have clearer heads
as well asogis, , I. e f.;9
The unveiling of the Confederate
Monument, in Columbia, will take
place on Tuesday the 13th of May, as
the 10th comes,on Stpud.y, a ,
Patrick Kelley, the tramp who in
dod Dr. Simpson's House last week,
was discharged yesterday morning,
upon condition that he pay costs. and
4 leave town. Hie did both.
A-Inild-form' of measleg is running
through the town. At one time
tweuty pupils of ta wdt e school' and
sixty of the colored were down with
it. No serious cases are reported.
TE SCHOOr-s.-Dr. Boyd is deter
mined to carry out fully the letter and
spirit of the school commissioner's
office. He has made a tour of inspectipn
of the schools in districts five, six and
-eight, and will visit the -other 'dis
tricts. This inspection is ~ of great
benefit, and .is - really the partioulai
thing for which a school commissioner
RELIGIOUS.-T.hn Hey. W. H. Milleu
.will, during the summer, snip1' the
pulpit, of the Associate Reformed
Church of this place three Sabaths in
each montha. Mr. Milleni preached lnis
trial surmion at the -las meeting :6'
Presby tory here. As lhe has jus.t"1
to the altar one of' Fan'1fid'a 'fir
daughters weO hope) he ill becogl9
permanently a citizen of the'- countN
The Rev. Mr. Todd Is fidw in TeNues
see, where the salubrious climate and
medicinal waters are recruiting his
* strength. -
KINCAID's BUDG.-A contract has
been awvarded to Mr. W. J. Crawford,
with Mr-. Iraneous Pope and Mr. D.
Ri. JFlennlken as sureties; for the
erection of a trestle ninety-eight yards
j. .long, leading to Kincald's bridge. The
bridge itself was completed some tie
ago by Mr. J. Murray Kirkland, and
is a fine piece of work. The charac
* ter and skill of' the contractors for 'thei
trestle ar'e a guarantee that it will
also be a substantial' and .lasting
structure. The county commissioners
Swill also build a bridge across Little
River on the Richland line, in con
Junction with the commissioners of
that county, Jia agoeor -With;agact
of the Legislature. -~
Views on a Sutdect that is Now Ez
citing Much Interest...The Cottou
Mania. rr- -
The exodus of 'tie eolored pqople
from Louisiana seems to be oreatig~
some sensation. Why tliis id he cass,
the unsophisticated cannot easily com1
prehend. We are not a deep thinker
or profo4nd.resso)mr, put-we can, at
least .to -some degree, comprehd
plain things. Froup our Btaidpoint
we should.say ,th.at more o(ton is
raised in the cotton 8t ts is
S frofitable to'the p.194ep~r, if~ the
'farmers were 'to 'consult rown
interest they certainly w make
I less. The colored peopi rform
nearly all the labort ps .sen
Cotn.''The Wilite m a will e~ulti
vate much cotton whent the tabor must
be performed~ by ,hls own hand. His
muscle is not sufficient to stand the
strain. Ho ;is over'power!ed by the
heat. The trus policy is, we thi.uk, to.
encourage the ?i6301.ed pe'ople to cmi
grate -to.: a graho,growing country
. whero he can raise"'kis own aupi -~
and add aomething to the "~e'i
eurplus, anm4 -dis .to sorno extent re.
duce the cotton or6g and the. price ,4p
prg) f1 4nc h 14g
fAIse sueha hue ant ery, about the
exodus of the colored people from the
cotton State t ue is incomprbonsiblo.
It would' pr6bblyaflect dleteriously
the interests of some persons. The
merchant might.bo thus affected. Ills
success depends on the quantity of
goods sold 'and the price obtained. The
speculator.on?"oltrips" will doubtless
beileft in the. lurah. -The buzzards
would mi their annual feast on the
carcasses of the starved 'iila and
horses; .l t i. the little bull yearlings
.would 11v'p ajubilee-a freedom from
toil an ap ish ent. -Large land
holders ul psr Iaps feel the. delete
rious. efflcts for a time, on their in
terestsb hailig.fewer bull-1hrms to
look after; ut . in the end would be
more thiin compensat d' by' h'avh)g 'a
better cl sq of citieits who would pur
chase thlr lauds and help to liuild up
the waste places. White people will
not immigratq to' Suth Carolina or
any Otheri' ace hil;s crbw.ded with
negroes. N6 white man with a spark
Of self-rvapuot.,is willing, voluntarily,
to place bimAAolfIn a bosition' in which
he would have to con ete *lth negrbes,
wheu; kttsjho' ;custo!g . t'o prefer the.
negro.as a laborer and a ren#sr. . The
negro is a good laborer on a cotton
tarm, butis .a.bad citizen, We abuse
the negro on account of his ,ltadicalism
and his thI.vish propensitids,- but,
when he seems to be making a success
ful etofrt to getaway, then we discover
that he is a "great' institutfon." It is
our abiding conviction that he ever has
been and ever will be a curse to our
country. For this- he' is,"not alone
blatiewdrthy. His labor, - as now'
managed, is of very little. pecuniary
benefit to his employer. lie is a fail
ure -as a law-maker; but to his ranks
we may confidently look for recruits
for our prisons. The best of all is, lie
is a good shade in hot weather for a
lazy man. GUNTER.
QVA rn.G.V g,r.Y rp..
]Daete .8t .8phen's CAu rh---A
The day was lovely (and who ever
saw Easter Sundaay a rainy: day?) and
notwithstanding the frobty. weather of
the past two weeks, nature, both in
gaiden and forest, expanded the rose
andi the leaf, typefying the victory over
the grave; and in the balmy stillnuss
of the scenery could be imagined the
resolute announcement of the Redeem
er as he burst from his granite sar-s
cophagus--"I am the Rresurrection and
the Life." The services were conduct
ed by the Rev. Mr.: Obear,. assiyted by
Aaj. Charles E. Thomas, lay reader.
The venerable rector preached from
Job, 14th chapter and' 14th veree-'"I
~ 0i~.i1 ~ ~gwfin?.,All f.hA
days of my appointed time will ~wait,
till my change core."
*.The Architectureef this chureli is"ab
beautif\tl that the festooning and- dec4k
tAions showed to the very best advant
ae. On entering the vestibule the
rej~t thing that attracted the eye was
&beautiful wreath on wvhite ground,
1ache centre of whichi was a cross. On
tOie right'of the chancel were the
words, "Hie dieth no. more," and on
the left, '"Christ Is rise.n." The large
white marble font which was present
ed to this church by St. Chrysostom
Chapel, Newv York city, a fe* 'years
ago, was garlanded at its base with
cedar and white blooms, and fron .the'
basini stood out the Easter cyoss.S vith
Its crown) bf andr4iifes.' 1.pon
two small tables arrangad diagonaillyr
across the Monr-th'fmngne
were arranged white, pink ?&u& erlin
son geraniums. Over the. ommutdoIt
table was suspended tjie sentence, "In,
reme mberaqp 04 .jpe," 'and on the
chanicel gethiystlo letters I. H. .
and pver.and -abeve-.il,,.reachilng far
up Into.'the gothio roof were the-words,
"Glory to God in the Highest.". The
ladies did their work quietly and well.
The congi'gatidtmj waA'largeand atten
tive,' and "*ere inapt-eased with''the
solem,t:ri1d6ltg df tih Interrogation
contained i the text.
. TJ.h6rkd k by fire.In three
yeardin 86uttC nolia alone is amaz.
nug, amnounting, In the.. aggregate to
oy;er tWojilhlons of dollars..-* In -1878,
under.. Radical, rule, Souths Carolia
lost $925,700;. In 1877, under mtodifidd
Radicalism, *819,200;' in''1878, uidei
DemoefMti '. gove'rnine'nt/~ *47410
makingg~grand lo's In thr&, yeara - of
$2,00,80.''' g 'am on, $O87,600.
was bpt,ne *. 7Ipsurance corapapies,
and Wle remainder, over on'e million.
of dollars, awas Bustained,. by... the
There Is no hQpe- of return 'fr'ora this
stupendous outlay. It6 is.irretrievably
oesteand Carolinlani sr'pMorer, save
1n experIenoeonta the extealt oh.n'e niil
lion dolLars,. thena they, 'oaght.Atoite:
Statistleshow'that the6 flr6s 'hav4
have not been confined to any 'particus
Jar class of building. Tthe F'bLaoknegs
of ashes" Je foud making the ,spot
whefe 'stood the palatial .maneloi and
te,rickety t4bethnt, low donvIgig
gins and soleton Qhurch)es. I:4 tpig
neot~I th ,' tiueques(fon arises,
can fe4fatur~q~o~N bunt
assume the risk aid sustati the los in
NMessrs. Editors:-I have been in
formed that my card of the 10th Ii t.
has. been misunderstood and miscon
strued. I cheerfully state that I had
no purpose of. reflecting upon Mr.
Miller in any way, either personally or
politically. T. 1. ROBERTSON.
MARRIED-On the evening of the
17th Inst., at the residence of the
bride's mother, by the Rev. C. B.
Betts, assisted by the Ret. R. G.- Mil
ler, tnv. W. II. MILLEN, of Chester,
R. C., to MIs J.:ssi.: M.-RA s, daugh
u;r'of the late Glazier G. Rabb, Esq.,
MARRIED-On the 3rd of April,
1879, at the residence of the bride's
mother, Mrs. J. C. Mothershed, at
Rome, Ga.; Mn. W. F. Ab Ams, of Ken
tucky, to Miss MAARY E. MOTIIElISHED,
SEALED bids for rent of stalls 1 and 2
of the 'market for.Qne year from the
first clay of May, 1879, .will be received
up to 12 o'clock, m.,. April 30, bids.. for
each stal .to be separate. Also, sealed
bids for .t,he samo.por.od will be received
up to 12 o'uloch;, m., .April 30th, for the
luinishing of oil fpr street lamps.. Bids
for furiishing lamps, ohibmoys, burners,
wicks, glass .and other fixtures, will he
received separately. ouncil reserve the
right to reject any and all bids.
E.. S CIANDLER,
april 22-td Cle.rk of Council.
PURE WHITE OIL.
-150 DEGRIEES FIRE TEST.
'W'E recommend- the .VESTAL
O0l,-a4 a safe illuminator. It is
as clear and -white as water, consequently
.gives a brilliant light, with' very' little
odor. Try it. The prico - is- less than
ever. J. M, BEATY & CO.
ALL persons are hereby notified not
to shoot fire-armts of any description
for any purpose wbatever, inside of -my
inclosure.' Any violation will be dcalt
with according to law.
April 12, 18,9. - JAMES L'EATY.
Whether for f tiN.use oriianufacturing,
Is tWia d6lbhtliroaddok-aitdh
It will last a lifetime-.dvery Machino
r HE Vertical Feed is lhe greatest ad.
1.vance mado in sowing meohanism
since the invention af sewing machines.
We' invite a careful examination of it,
believing no one can' fail to recognixe the
fact that it is- the most perfect Sewing
Machine- miade, combining simplicity
strengtn, durability, and economy. We
do not hesitate to claiin for the
in addition to its superior principles,
more absoluto perfection of workmanship
atid more complete adjustabrility than
pertains to any comipeting machine now
in the market. Among th various im
provemnents is the Im proved Shuttle,
Milled Shank Needle, Ad'ustable Neddle
Plate, New Patent Thread Controller and
Automatic Bobbin Winder. Every Ma.
chine is on good substantial rollers, for
which there is no extra charge. For
tucking,. oding, .. braiding, quilting,
rufl1hng, fringin ecmbroidering, shoe.
fitting, ~tailoring, dress-making, and
family use, - -
THE D'AVIS HAS NO EQUAL.
. Refer'ences to. thQse who have the Im
proveil. Davis Machino in use In Fair
Mrs. William McNall.
- Mrs. Williar P. Aiken
Mrs. A. W. tadd.
Mrs. J. 0. Rowe.
Mrs Dr. T. T. Robertson. - -
Mxa. Dr WY. K. Turner,
Mrs: J. W. B3olick.. -
Mi's. William Stevenson,
4les Mprgaret .Aiken.
M.rs. A..P., Miller.
Mts. Eliza Williams.
MX,Ja'mes Q. Davis.
-" e. Ilolort.Crdwford.
- e~is J. larvey, and others.
,Just'thikk.of itLa machine eelling for
$60 a sB)ert.tlime ago you dan now pur
ohage for .30,: frpm :. -
J. 0. BOAG,
Agent for FairAeld Oounty,
.Also agenit .forItwo .- other first-elsass
Improved Woed., .ioia~ n h
,0l:n J. O:BlOAGy. and get- the beat'
Fariiily:Soening Macinzes made,
Great rednott n in prics of Dress
Goods, Shes;, iIt, 'elothing, &e..-.
A4waya a. full an'd complete line of
Fainiry Grocerie Tobacco, ,Qigars, 0on
footionarles, F u Lt6 p,~ as oheap as the
Lumber and fur*itie for sale low for
S ~SOLMD BONE.
FO' DEIGN AND WORKMANSHIP UNEQUALED:
EVERYTHING WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
--PRICES LOWER THAN EVER-..
A now .supply- of Window
Shades, Picture. Frames, Pie."
tures, Wall Pockets, Brackets,
'Mirrors, Spring Beds, Mut.
tresses, and Child-en Car
For prices, call at the Srst
, F T UE '= U STOE? S
Before niaking your purchases hitli'ro.
LUMBER AT PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES.
REPAIRING NEATLY DONE AT MODERATE PRICES.
ALSO PREPARED TO MAKE TO ORDER.
I keep on hand a full supply of Metalic and Rosewood Oases ard
Coffins of the finest finish. Also, a cheap stock of Coffins.
act' 22 'R. W. PHILLIPS.
NAVASSA GUANO. BAY STATE SHOES. PIEDMONTGUANO
IS called to our New, Large and Well selected Stock of Dry Goods,
only a few. varieties of which (for want of space) we mention, to wit :
Alpacas, Victoria Lawns Calicoes,
Dress Goods, Piques, Cambrics,
Cassimeres, Swiss, . Jackonets,
Bleached and Brown Hoinespun, Cottonades, Plaid Homespun, Linen
Drills, Printed Lawns, Ticking, Table Damask, Towels, Napkins andDoilies.
OUR NOTION DEPARTMENT.
is full and complete, with all the Novelties and latest styles in Buttons,
Ladies' Scarfs, Fans, Gloves, Collars and dui, et.
We have just received as FuN a'Line of Ladies' Misses' and Children's
Shoes as can be found in the State, made epecially for our trade, and we
rcspectful-ly ask. the public .to.examine before .purchasing..
We have the Largest Stock of Mens' and Boys' Felt, Wool and Straw
Hats In Town, with some Specialties in Straw Goods.
A full line of Clothing that will astonish casli purchasers.
A full stock of Family and Plantation Groceries, Hardware, &c., &o.
REMEMBER, WE DON'T BAIT OUR. CUSTOMERS
by selling leadi'ng articles at less, than cost ; but we will sell all our goods
at a LIVING PROFIT, and as cheap as they can be bought anywhere.
F. ELDER &CO.
HOES. GRAIN CRADLES. PLOWS.
IT IS TIE
ONLY SEWING MACHINE
R IIICIi Il.* A*
Cc1 -"'hoadang Chu:ttl.
- -" - It has Sclt-Sctting Needle.
Never Breaks the Thread.
rover Skips Stitehes,
Is'th:e L!Dhtest D; lnlung.
A NO wand SImnpDevce
Winding the Bobbin,
Z " i Wl~thet r.Avn te ,n+ep f
. .'The t!mplost, Choeroct Du a4e%
and in every rospoot o
B'EST PAMILY SEWINO. MACHINE.
The "N t/ AMERICAN" is easily learned, 4oee not . -t out of ordet, and will do more wwlt
with kesa labor than any other machine. I:lustrated Circu.ar furis:e4 on app::catioa,
. ACr N T'W VANTIE ).
." ~ ~ 's --r . ' . '. " U. s Chal troot. E.Manorc, z.1.
J. O. *OAG, Agent for Fairfield.
- - THE WORtLRNOWNED
W:ILSON. SEWIN .MACHiNE
nworkni ~pf 'fL4aI; to a hronometer Watch,
as ele 41yf ~shdas a 'first-cIass, Piaado. It rece
hIe highost awards at the Vienna .and. Centennial E
-itIOns$.. T AIW*'.ONR-FOURTH FAS7ER than o*
aoL O . MAC ig -wilmited. They are mo
-J okiintfi United *at h
the eq ~ o ,i the .ol'hoetes. Th4 ISN 4
v1Ut~I A5 FR~ITf doin1all kinds o oarn.~