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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY 8, 1879. O
NIGIr' ON THE TWE ED.
Night lingers--but tho wormu ! nold
Tile misfts along the river slowly croep,
The dull trees heavy with their wlegiat of
Their leavep around them oosely fold.
Fat fallas t'ie Uight-the thiol'(elning shailws
And like a lifeloss mnaqs the. great earth
1 'eound h horo exoopt V-o night-bird's
' c rlea4,
Nor motion. b t tile rivor'ti sluggish flow.
Thero tie black city 1101(111 its Hlout place,
The flitting lights have viWishod ono by one;
The crowded thousaud, with their day's
4ro sIumbariug somowhere in Its dark om1
Tile light is gone. anid 'larknoes covers all
Tie river-miits, tile troos, the distant Mille,
The sobbing of the tmy mountain rills -
Darknejs has fallon o'er thom aa f* pall.
The hours creep on--o ! quivering li;ht bams
Frorn red to rood along the rive r shoro;
The birds are whispering that the night is
The milout river gleaina like tinted glass.
Tio west is glhumnering-graya -and redn and
Growi. to splendor like a thing dIvino,
And in the east, over the mountain line,
Comes morning, floatitig on a tho.isand hues.
"lOh, you ought to see the iew genitle
man !" exclaimed Nellie Ford, as sio- rnsh
(id into the boarding-house parlor, where
tihe three eligible ladies of the house were
lounging. "Such -magnilficnt diamondl
.Just think, lie wears a pin as large as a fry
ing-pan and a ring to match, and he's a
Californian, an1d isn't man-led, and lie must
be as rich as Crosus, for he's taken the
rosewood rOOmns all to himnself. Ile is. look
ing for a wife, too; [ heard him tell Mrs.
Crumpet so myself. Isn't, it splandidl "
And Nellie clapped her hands and waltzed
around 11e room.
A rich bachelor looking for a wife ! The
ladies, as If electritle, started from their
apathy and eagerly besieged Nell, who had
been favored with a look at him, with all
sorts of questions concerning him.
"What is lie like?" asked Miss Bell, who
doted onl tall men. "is lie tall or short ?"
"Well," said Nell, hesitatingly, "he isn't
very tall ; inl fact, lie i' rather short and
prelty stunt too."
"1 !" exclaimed M iss Bell in impat ienco
and disgust ; "but he must hauve lots of
money, though," she .added, "'so one can
overlook defects. Is he handsome ill the
face, Nell ?'
"'Not rery,," said Nell again. 'You see,
his face is pretty red, and his hair too."
"Ah I wtather-beaten from exposure lit
the mines," said 'Mrs. .ee, an interesting
widow, on a sharp lookout for nimber two.
"Such a delig ful. rinm-^- -I * * .1
he nse t l orimans are so chivalrous,
ai such worshipers of our sex; and so
liberal, too, their gifts are often princely."
Here Mrs. Lee glanced comiplacently at her
pretty fingers as if i her mind's eye she
saw tile new gentleman's big ring flashing
. That evening brought our new guest,
whom (not knowing his proper name1) we
had christened "Diamonds"-a name that
stuck to him to the end of the chapter.
After dinner lie hold a kind of a court in
the parlor, at which all the lady-boarders of
Mrs. Crumpet's establislnent 'vere pre
sented. And never Oil any one1 occasion,
had they so vied Witli ec01h other in splendor
. ''Just think," said canid~i~ but wvorldly
minded Nell, '"if it wasn't for the maun's
diamonds, quite likely weo never shonid
speak to hhn,-for goodness knows there's
* nothing in his looks to recommlenld him."
.The others, less candidl, would not agree
with her. Is diamonlds and elaborate
dress rather enhlanced than hid a ruinlanly
look lie had, which they all called his
charminig piratical air ; and lie wvas sweetly
and playfully comp~ared to Captain Kidd,
Byron's Corsair, and scores of other dlarlings
He at onice became the lion of the house
yes, indleedl, in mere ways than 0110; for,
lIke the roaring lion, he wvent about seeking
whom lie mighlt dev'our, but was sensible
enough not to roar to scare away his prey.
lHe was consulted on all nmatters of busIness
by the gentlenien, who would sit absorbed
listeners to his accounts of mining, and(
desciptions of the countries he had traveled
through. But no one seemeId to notice tihe
fAct .that-he neover knew anything about the
matny personis whose nanmes wer'e muentioned(
to him, although the life lie decscribed as
having led nmust have brought him in close
contact wilth many of thenm.
It was Impossible for an outsider to tell
wvhich was Diqmond's favorite among- the
ladies. -After breakfast, hei wvould lounlge,
maorning p)aper in) hand, Into the parlor,
wijero the widow and Miss Bell were sure
Both ladles bore this partnership, wlt~h
good nature, as each one managed plenty of
undisturbedl interviews with him. Dia
nionds improved these interviewvs so well
that he soon~ became the afilanced hiusbandc
of tihe widow, and the ardent and favored
suitor of Miss Bell.
So each lady being uinder' the blissful
delusion that she was the sole object of his
choice, could, In her sweet securIty, illow
him to be gallant to her friend ; lhe was so
* "We will keep our enlgagemlet a sweet
secret, darling," he said to the widow, "un
til my birthday, just three weeks hence.
It seems) a long time to wait, dear one," lhe
*said, caressing lher', "bu~lt It woldc give mne
such pleasure. .to make It known on 'that
day. How atonished they will all be,
Won't they get ? Now just set your little
head' to tInking what pretty things you
would like me to get for you. Do not be
afraid te tellayhiat, you fancy, for whaitever
mney caln pnt'chase my wilfo shall bave."
There was no aced to makb any' Auch
reques~t of Mrs. Lee, for her little head had
First catne hits 'dIamond ring-add pin-each,
asNellig said, as lrgpeas a, frying- atn
iilohi she: already looked .nlpon as hoe own
"-is15 had tnst4fo a gntletian ts
matike sheli a'dlisplay, E' ehe said 1 to lorelif.
"I and edel talklim Into giving th&n t<
me;- Wor ~ allb j ans I er<
are- th, L . te
I tible little school-girl Nell both tagging aftei
himl all the time. I believe they actually
imagine he cares for them."
That evening Dinanonds being left alont
in the parlor with Miss Bell, drew close tu
her, and bending over her, said tenderly,
and almost sadly:
"if you had not said somethinig I heard
you say once, I would have the boldness tu
ask a great favor of you. "
"'Why, what did I say ?" asked she co
"Youl said yon would never live out of
"WNVOll, what of that ?"
"Why, my home is in Stn Flral Pr iceo,
he aild, signihicimntly..
.lust. theln, to Miss Bell's great vexation
some one entered and interrupted limt; bu
the next day sho did a great deal of shop
ping, and began making her tro .ae im
The aftermnoons of Diamonds were devo
ted to businiess visits dowi-towl, so lie
said, and as he liked a willk for a constitu
tional, he generally managed to piass Nell's
school just as it was being dismissed, and
had the pleasure of escorting her home.
During these walks he so ingratiated him
self in her favor, and dazzled her by de
scriptions of his wealti and his honme in
California and of the mnagnificence he in
tended to lavish oi Ils wife, that she finally
consented to elope wit I him, partly because
it wits romantic.
"Dear mamma will be sure to forgive
mie," she thought. And she pictured her
self coming with her husband, in her own
elegant carriage, to ask her mother's for
giveness and receive her blessing, and of
then tarrying her off with her to her home
in Cailfornia, which her lover had so glow
The evening assigned for the elopement
arrived. Thme (lay folloiwing was to be the
much-talked-of birtlhday of DI)iamonds, on
which he was to make known to the house
hold. his betrothal to Mrs. Lee, and on
which also lie had, in a tdider, significant
tone, reqjuested Miss Bell to grait. him a
The household were Assembled in the
parlor al usuma,, engaged in merry chat.
Diamontds, Miss Bell, Nell, and Mrs. Lee
formed the liveliest group; and ..the hearts
of the ladies were beating high with their
varied emot ons. Little the three imagited
what was passing in each other's minds.
Poor little Nell trembled like a fijghtened
bird at the dreadful thin'g site was about to
do, and began to repent her rashness..
"pIn another hour, " she thought, growing
Lizzy as she looked at the clock, "we must
She dared not look at her lover ; she half
tIhought she hated him, and fervently
wished she had some girl friend Who could
go with her in her flight. She Was growing
more .and more nervous. and had just
"Oh, how I Wish something would hap
pen to prevent it I" when there was a sounsd
f strange voices Ili the hall, and after a
ilight commotion, a man walked coolly into
the parior, with the exclamation:
"Ahl, here lie is I"
And walking up to Diamonds,n le slappet
lm famillary onl the. c.bt giIi gle
Diamonds turned pale, but made no at
temlpt to escape..
"Was going to bolt to-night, wasn't you I"
mid the officer, for subih lie was. "I've
been up to your room, and saw all your
The excitement was dreadful.
"What is the matter I What does It all
mean?" cried everybody, in'a breath.
"It means this,"- said the detective.
"After a long chase I have arrestedl him for
shooting a man in Colorado, and abscond
ilg with his money, besides leaving a wife
and two pretty children Into the bargain."
"The awful wi-etch P!" exclaimed Mrs.
Lee and.Mliss Bell sinmultaneously, clasping
their hands in horror.
"Oh I4 cried Nellie, faintly, dropping
Into a seat..
Diamonds turned on them with r. fiendish
grin. Kissing lisa hand and bowing to
thenm in turn, lhe dlelivered hhnself .a~s fol.
"My sweet Nellie, our elopement wvill
hmave to be postp~onedl for a whiie-sorry to
dhisappIoinI youl. In half an hour wve would
have been off.
"Dear Clara, we ill have that little talk
ome other time.
"My own Helen, good-bye," bowinig
very low to thme widow. "'I am sorry our
niarriage cannot take plaice quite as soon as
'"The mnan must be crazy," cried the lady.
''What oni earth (lees lhe miean?"
Nellie buried her face In her mother's
lap and sobbed hysterically, but was finally
comforted b~y Fred. Itall, a young gentle
man wvho had long been. attached to her,
butt at lie had no diamonds, it is 'to be supl
p)Osedh that lie had been slow to find favor
in her eyes.
The door closed en Diamonds for the last
thnao, andl he left three wiser, if not better,
-wonmn behind hitn1.
.How to lireak effllud Hlabita.
Understand the reason, and all thme -reas
ons, why the habit is injurIous. Study time
subject until there is no lingering doubt In
your mind. Avoid the lalces, the p~ersons,
and the thought that leads to temptation.
Frequent the places, associate with theper
sons, Indulge in the thoughts thlat lead away
from the temptation. Keel) busy ; dleinetss
is the strength of bad habits, D)o not give
up the struggle when yout have broken your
resolution once, twice, a thiousapmd times.
That only shows how much need there Is
for you to strive. When you have brokenm
the resohution, just think the matter over,
and endeavor to underst and why It is you
failed, so that you may be on your guard
agalust a recurrence of the same circum
stances. D~o not think that it is an easy
thing that you have ~undm taken. It is a
folly to exp~ect to b~reak off a b~ad habit in a
day, whIch inay have been gathe~ring fom
(liven Ut. by nioctiora.
"Is It poessibi~o Lhat Mr. Godfrey Is up
aadidt1ork, niid'en~rediby soihnple a
"I assure you that it is trie that h. Ii
enirely cir~ed Mid W*itl nodbug bul
Hup Bitterat;.and only ton days ago hi1
doctors gave him up and salid he aluel
"Well a day T Jhat,,i remarkable!
ill this Alay and get 0som for mn)
poor G66. i k~oehops arb goad.'
I Moderatinn Ia the sllken strine enn
Abraham Lincoli's stories are quite a
much a t part of his Administration 11 the
Emancipat ion Proclamation. President Grant
told a story eloquently when he wits "'un
bent," but he was not in the habit of telling
them promiscuously. President Ilayev does
not originate stories ats Lincoln did, but
often quotes theil. Charles Stunmier never
knew wiliat a joke was. Ilmor wias ei
firely absent 'from his natuore. Mortoni en
joyed stories, and told thei solnetiiles, I'umt
Ie was llways a1 very busy m lanla, and when
hie w-asn't inl bed, muffering tortulre iuldis.
eriblaible, lie was geinerally It work. Gen.
Sherman is an inveterate story-teller, and
you can catch iiiii at 111111y liel(qliaiers,
surrounded by his staff, reiating his expe
ieices, of whichI he 1eems to have hadil an
unusual amlioulit yf nll anmsing arllineler, or
describiig someW futiniy sight he lus seen, or
some funny thing he 1118 heard. I i has a
very keeni selse of ti( ridicilouis, and is
griliic in deseriplion, aiild very suerssful
inl mlimiery. Vice-Presidenit Whleelr en
joy0s i joke as well as ally inan ill Conigr'ess,
but seldom perpetrates one. Conkling is
ilnimitable when lie chooses to be. Tihere
i is no imil inl ailic life who lias coniversai
tio.i. powers e(ual to his. I b- e.m he in
terest iRig oil lilly topic tiRhit mailly enter a coil
versItioni, and when lie fairly lets himself
out, 1s he did iRn Fuihglind a1 year agoi last
sum1-riiii, people Mare lit him imitil lley lIre
overcoliv by faseinatlioll. Ilille is equallv
accomplished, but does not, display himselff
as Conkling does on stated occaonsow.
B31tilie is mllor-e geni.1l as8 a1 Commnil)Ii lilg,
but not so iyvrotechnic ill his displays. Glen.
Butler can make him5elf as interesting Its
any13 man11, when hie chooses, but his hinor
generally is of a grim kind, and lie tries to
lila ke people uncomifort abl(e. If Bhller
should sit down lit i dhinnerl' table witi
twelve srangers, before the coffee was
reached lie would find the telder spots inl
each IIIii's 1m11m01'. lIe las a (isa:greeablle
way of .finding out the weaknesses of thre
whom11 lie Coloes inl cont1at, an1d a11 (1lceited
a(ss or 1raggart iever' willnts to Ileet I[hith'-r
a second time. lie puts this flcllity of
alliking people un1icoliforl able to i very good
use sometimes; but he isn't always dia
greeable, but can lie as charming as8 sweet
sixteen when lie chooses. Mar'in J. Town
seld, Proctor Knott, Sullset ('ox, ('haruRles
Foster, and 1)r. Silewart were the strv
tellers of the last Iouse.
laper. iapkins are in Increased demand. t
A Boston firm have sod(1, some 250,0m.t of
themii since they were iltro(luced 11 yeir ago.
The place of mni1i1ifactulre of papei' n1apkiIIs
is not. divulged. They are said to be all
imported froi Japall, but. a suspicion pre
vails that some of themi are produced by ini
genious Yankee pfaper mikers, who mire lwell
content to mnopolize their limaintifailct ure
for the present. The napkins are whole
saled lit froi $6 to $10 per thousand, and
ire retailed at. at dollar to i dollar and i half
ai hundred. A pirty of two or three lmid
pecnse V\\nI ill ('T e 'i-N1iiid to '\vASWtr ill
use, also, the host or hostess is relieved of
all fear of having his table linen stolen;
and if all absent minded guest does happeni
to pat, his napkin, in his pocket after lie has
finished eating, he n'ed lot suffer aiy More
remorse than if lie hadt(] pocketed ai apple
core or i nut. shell.
A Rocky Mountain Nimnrod. -
'"Eli?" said Uncle Gabe, with a. hewild
''Oh, nothing," said I; "go on, don't let t
me interrupt you."
"Wien I was (own in the San JIuan coliun
try, 'bout five years ajo," continued he, "a
prospectin' around in Cuningham's Gulch
along of two or three more of the boys, we
saw somec goats cavortlin' arounid on whaxt
app~eared to us to be the tip-top of the miouni
taini. We maude up our mli'nds that those
goats belonged to us an' p~repared accordini'.
One of us pulled off his hoots an' began to
clmb1 up to drive the critters down while
the rest on us amnbnshed~ at the only place
where we thought they could comec. Pete
-that's the feller that clini upl-Pete when
lie got to the top found that lie wvas about a1
hiunidred foot above the goats, which was
stand(in1' on the edlge of a precipice, mlor'ni
300 foot, high. Pete riz up~ an' hollered an'
thrcew stones at the goats. Tlhie critters (did
niot 8st1) a iiminit to hold a couill 01n what
they should do, but juIst gin' one jmnpll and(
over tile precipice they wenit. We thought
we had 'cie lre-and~ though we'd a leetle
ruther shot 'emn-ymt we didn't hey no0 special
conlscienitious scuples agin eatin' a goat wh ich
had conunitted suicide. Ikit'we dlidn't eat
any of thenm goats, 1101 by no mlesil. Thley
just camne flyinI' downi thalt perpendl~ickleur
rock fer mor'n 300 foot, 'humupty, humplilty,
humllp, ' touchlin' the wahl onect ill 'bout, every
sixty foot unitil they reached the bottomi
whar they landed all right all' struck out
like 'lighutnini' for thb tilinber. I 'spose
't would a killed 'em If they'd julmpedl straight
down, buit'ye see they knew a tiick worth
two of thiet, all' by touchinl' the rock as they
comei 'twas 'bout1 the sanue thing, ye see, as
goin' down stairs. Now, I've hecerd folks
say the goats jump off of hlighi rocks an'
land on their heads, an' bein' kind of ac
eus~tomeld to buttin11' it dlidni't hurt 'emi none1.
TIheml stories Is a llttre too tough for mie,
on' I advise ye, stranger, fer to t'ake no0
stock in an'ythinl' a man11 tells ye that1 lie
can't say lhe saw hhnself. Goats IR knowinl'
critters, thar's no dloubt~s about. that,, but
they dlon't do half the wonderful thinlgs
whIch fellers as haos no regard for truth let
Ioz) they dho. I did( see otue thing onet, how
shmndeaver, wvhich . I never' saw anything.
lIke it afore. "'Twas down among the
ISaiigre. do Ohriato range whar' I was lookin'
arounid lost fall. I saw an old goat walkin'
'bout-half way up a big pi-eciplce oii a little
shielvin' path, which the same)1 1 saw1 p~eteredl
.out 'botittj middle of the cliff. Thle goait
ddi''kgw .thib,.aai' canie trottin' alonig
s p*a'n' Aessy ifs you please. Pretty
Ia~~oi.caine akid follerin'1 an' then I
Iwi~-dhto41 was agQlnI to glti out
Iof that scrapk - T to path kep' get'tini' nareit
an' idarcrer till If' couldln't a been mlor'n1 six
iln aws,,w. an'.then: it ,ended Atltogether.
TJ e6'ild stope mnl seeniedt kind of
surpri c; it-sehelooked down-'twas
Itout 500 feet, I. guess-then she l'ooked uip
Ian' then she seenied to b)e thiinki' the mat
ter over. All at oncee she 1-I? up on her
hlind le an' stingin' one of 'emt over the
edge tulrned roundIon the tother as If on a
*pivot, an' thendra pin' down ,on all . ours
*ive a jnmp- o4d.t 'e kid au'' trotted back.
rho kid didn't sop to 4o0to 11h endsp( the
Ipath, but juet riz pg m' cople'd thq old6one's
."hhImaea Vn a'raDar I kQQa, 1ust
I don't believu no 1lh stories 'bout goats,
Jumping off rocks an' lightin' on their
heads." Upele Gabe calmly knocked tl<
ashes out of his pipe and with a growl of
disapprovaldof the men who were digging
ill) the streel for the waterworks, picked upi
hiv gun and114 departed.
Coniatia Aniong the Anhieontg.
The ancients were very fond of testing
the valor and dexterity of wrestlers in the
arena. The combatants were selected from
among the most brave and skilful men, anI
the judges Who he'ld the victorious garlands
were persons of Jhe highest rank and inleg
rity. These combats, however, were peci
liarly ferocious. The parties fought with
their fists, als do our prize lighters; bit, they
frequntly introduced balls of iron and
stonie, with which they often struck fatal
blows. Thd introdliced the Cestus which
wts i heavy glove or gauntlet of' thick
leather, -stlif led Witi nails which were
equally destructive. .Elhian speaks of a
Crelan Panomtist who dropped dowi dead
while they Were taking him to the judges
to receive -tle garland. Another prize
lighter, havlig received a blow in the
mouth which knocked in all his teeth, swal
lowed -theipi logether with the blood that
followed, to 4onecal from his antagonist ani
injury which ,Inight have induced him to
continue thoePonteat. There are many in
stances in an(Alunt timlies of ferociois bravery,
which at the present day would be discard
ed with indi nation. A bravo champion
who had beel. twjee crowned at the Olym
pic gaimes, fc.ght and conquered all who
mtered the li aagainst him, except the last.
311te--a man o owerful frame, who rushed
ijpon him, se Led him by the throat,.t rip
ping up his h.eIA at the same time, and
lctually stranred him on the spot but Cre
te expired f .a violent effort lie broke off
he toe of his adversary, which gave him
mIehIlt pain that ho died instantly, and the
judges ordered his dead body to be crowned
with the piInI !f victory. It was the fash
on for the Roman ladies to attend these
'Alihitions, and now and then they would
itep into the lists and have a set-to them
telves. Tiacittis and Juvenal both speak of
t; and although the Rtoman ladies on these
)censions were not as thittly clad as our
nodel artistes, yet they were dressed like
he SaniIiI os-wearing a shield c'aleulated
,o protect the breast and shoulders, and
rowing more narrow at the bottom, inl
)rdel to be used with greater convenience.
t wits during the reign of Nero and Domi
in that, those worthies introduced female
0ladiators, and Nero exhibited in one show
our hundred senators and six hundred
(luestriins. These may not have been
-alled duels, but savage pructices; and if
adies were Insulted in those times, they
>rocured no champions to fight their batt les,
mt. redressed their wrongs themselvep.
'evertheless, trifling wrongs-abusive latn
;uage, giving the lie, or striking a blow
v'ere not In those tiles, as they are at this
lay, considered Just grounds of mortal
oibilt by dubi. .Judicial trials by combat
vere common Iin the barbarogs1 (et. Dar
-I me ,%,'-.rvama of fhog of
Iontargis," In. I., are not acquainted with
ts origin. The tight between Miicaire and the
og belonging to Aubry took place in 1371,
t the Isle of Notre Dame. Charles tfie
'ifth wts present when the (log convictedi
lacaire of Aibry's murder by over-power
jg him in the tight, and for this crime
lacaire was hanged. A curious trial by
iattle took place in t620. Queen Cimidbage,
:onsort of the king of Lombardy, a celebra
ed woman both for beauty and unimpeach
Lhle virtue, had some insolent proposals
nade to her by an impertinnt, court-fly by
he name of Adahulf ; but instead of hand
ng him over to the laws for putishment,
lie mercifully banished him. In a fit of
evenge lie accused her to the king of hav
ng a lover, and that she Intended to poison
iii in order to marry that lover. TIhe
Ag, blided with rage, huured the queen
n a castle. As she was related to Clotai're,
dng of the Francs, lie demnandedl that she
thould he tried by a juicileal contest. Ada
utlf was commanded to meet a cousin of
he queen, called Pithen, who in the con
est got Adalulf dlown and cut his throat,
rhichi establishied the Innocence of the
iueen. Tihe clergy were also liable to trial
ty battle; andl Louis the Fat, In his charter
>f the Abbey of St. Maur, admitted that the
>riests possessed this right' The bishop of
Angus ordered certain monks to imaintaini
heir rights to tithes by cudhgeing each
)ther ; but William the Conqueror would
tot permit clerks of abbeys to fight without
lie permtission of their diocesan. Priests
n those timeos were good fencing-masters,
md, as chaplains to the army, had( a fair
)ortioni of the fight.
H ow 5muetta are Caurht, in Maine.
On the coast of Maine smelts visit the
rivers about the 20th of D~ecemiber, and1( re
inains almost all winter. For about two
inonths they take the hiook readily, 'andi arc
eaughlt in conslderable n'umbers th rough
lioles cut in the Ice. Fo'rmerly, on cold1
cilays, it wats very severe fishing, without
uhelter, except by p~iling uip cakes of Ice,
eivergreeni boughs, &c. Last winter one of
the fishermen imadle a canvats tent, andi it
provedl so comfortable that it has now be
conic the universal custom to fish In themt.
There are now on the ice, shove -the bridg
es, two village of these canvas houses, much
resembling an Indian encamnpmentt in winter
quarters. A light woodecn frame, wvith a
sharp roof, is put together, and thec whole
coveredI with a light canvas or cotton cloth.
Ini somel instantces the covering is painted,
to. resist the piercing north-west windas.
'The ordhinatry tent is about' six feet squaire;
occasionally one Is larger, for two p~ersonis.
VTe interior Is p~rovlded with a stove and a
bencht, upon which the angler sits while
Ilsiting. Tlhe whole rests upon runners, amnd
can be easily moved from place to p~lace.,
When the fIsherman reaches the place lie
cuts a hole through the ice, places Ils tent
over the same, builds a fires, closes the
door, drops hIs lInes through the hole and
wvalts for bites. Each man uses four lines.
T1hie bait usedl in this vicinity is the clami
worm, which Is found in the clam flats.
The upper end( of the line is fastened to a
rack above the fisherman's head, whuith the
hook from six to ten feet below the surface.
The fisherman sits on the bench beside the
stove lund patiently waits for the fish to bite.
There is act much skill in tbis kindl of ang
lhng, fol' When a smelt takes the hook the
niotion of thle line conveys the fact to the
fisherman, andl he quickly hauls him in.
The fish ite hetter ont cold; stormy days.
From tea to fifteen pounds is a fair day'.
work for one man,
pe hbliend, privately, ,eOmt
A Wonderfui Inituner.
In the early part of the present century
running matches were as popular as at the
present time. It was then excited by the
wonderfni and almost incredible perfor
lalnccS es of one m1an1. This 111111 was Me-nsenl
Eirnst, born in Bergen, Norway, on October
1., 17111. lie wa t son of a sea cap
taic, and when still a bo ,y entered the E'in
lish Navy. Although his powers as a run
ner were displayed eVeil in his bhoyood, he
made three voyages to the East Inidies, and
laid completed a three-years' cruise on the
frigate Caledonian, before he Imlh a vipublie
exhibitioni of t hem, which he first did by
running a race in Iondlon, whei nileteeln
yea1rs olh. 'T'lhou11gl up to) this t i hle Ithad
not) traiiing, and had evein lace-d at pedes
trian's ordiniry opportuiities for imuseular
developemnent, Ite wa24s fami1ed 111rolghout
Ile nvy a1s it rinier, and wonderful stories
asm to his extriaordiniry powers circulated
itilong all braunches Of t-he service. At last
a heavy minn11 (if money was wagered by the
(llhicers Of his ship that Menisen WOlld rn111
from London to PortsmI1iolthtl, it distanice of
seveiity-three mils, in less thian ten hours.
Tile feat wits litempt( an1d accollisheild,
the (iStanice liing covereud Iby the yo)uInig
sailor in.exactl nine hours. Shortly after
wards lie raint from London. to Liverpool,
distlice of I .5 miles, in thirti-l wo hours.
Although t0hi. iCTeRSt'ul a4 rm'm11er, Mlnseni
did no0t quit th 110 u lafter linig dib
inguished i % bravery in the h1battle of Na
varino, foupAit th-t. 241, 1827. Som after
liat htle ie bemike ai profsst-ioial runnier,
and1(1, aifter wilnning a muner of lesser
matches, wias induced to miidertake the great
feet of Muniing from iris to Moscow. lieI
started from the Place 'endome ait four
o'cloek ill the afterloolln of Jiunii I, 18i,
and entered thll Kiremlil lit ten o'clock .%.
m., of June 25; laving acclmplished the
distalce, 1, 7-60 lih-s, inl thirteen1 (IlS 111d
eighteenl hom-s. This feal creiled a (lecided
selslit ion throughout 1i urp, 111d the emi -
ploylme1nt of Mensen as a 1 collrier extra(ordi
nary by kiings and princes beene a popular
am111lusemet inl Eluropeanl courts.. Ile ran11
from Country to colintry aind from colut to
court, heirinlg coIIgIat uilat ion, endolence,
or (lspatches of greater import:ntic, and
whenever miatched against the r(gular
Illolulted Collriers easily succeeded in hent
mng them. lie alwaiys carried Willh him at
MapT, ak Compass, anid ats Imany histquits anld
ounces of rispherry sy1rup, as there were to
11e (1aysH OCCullied On1 his jOlurneV. In willter
he took witi him a pair of 'lig, slender
Norwegian siow-shoes, 11n1d in traveling lie
alwllys chose tie most direct line, turning
out neither for lloilltins n(or rivers, bnit
climbing the olne and swinming the other.
lie never wiilked, but invariably run, keep- t
ing ill) i long, swinging lope for hours it i
tile without rest. ills only refreshment.
one hiscuit andl(] one oumee of' raspherry Hy- i
rup per day, and t wo short rais Of ten or 1
fifteen milites elaclh ill twenty-four hours.
These rests lie took while stainding i tree or
other ollject (if support. At such times ho
covered his fa(e4. withli a handkerehief and
Wlept, an1d after 11c1 21 n2p h21le Would pirsue I
easy when compelled to b1e- (uiet. no,,i '1.. 1i
not sit still for ialt tinl hour without feeling
aI sense of sulfointion. liIe wis 11 Vei'V 1-011
able 111111, 24 favorite Withi all Who knew
him, and wa14ts 11a1de muc11h of by his Iovil.
patrons. Inl 18:1, he Started from Mnillch i
at I v. m., .1111 e 11, Withl dispitcles froi the
(inlg of liavaria lo his soi Otto, Kilg OI
(G1reece. ''hiese (lispiatcesli were delivered at
Naupli lit 9. %. mS., onl .1 ily 1; or seven dalys
sooler than it they hli d been Sent by the re
gular' post. II 8:14, while in the employ
of the lritish East. India C(ompany, Melsen I
was charged with the colvoying of dis
patches from Calcutt2a to C anti(ople
through Central Asia. The distance is
5,11 1 miles, Which the Imessellger aceom- t
plisled in lifty-ninte days, or in one third of
the time Made by the swiftest caravai.
On this Wonderful journey he made lis
waly across te'rriblle desertsi, awful salt
swamilps, wheire, for' hundicreds of miles, he
sawv no2 living hieing, and2( throlugh count ries
whose inhabilitants wer'e sava'lge robb~iers, 2and(
whoi( livedlIl ini stalte of conltinualll warfare.
iral powvers, and( his fameo spr'ead~ far' and2
w',ide. One~ of the mo1(st intere'stinig pro
b11oma1 of the ago being thle discolvery oIf theu
sources of the Nile, it was suggested that
this wonderful man01 he emp11loyed1 to follow
the course of thle river to its sources, and(
thus deterinie thiemt. Prince Puitkher Mums
kani, who had himlself traveled extenisively
in Egypt, and1( had madloe several ulnsuccess
fui aittemipts to p~ene(tra2te the heiadwaters (If
the Nile, oIffered( to2 defray all expenises and1(
rewaurd Meniseu handsomiely If hie wou2tld un
consenC1ted( to mallke the allttemplt, and2( on1 May
I I, 1842, set out fromi Mluskanl in Rilesia,
whence he ran to Jlerusaleim, where lie had
some1 biness11j to aittendo to. T'lenee 1conl
tinuied lis way to Cairo and( uip the western
baink of the Nile, through 4Lwer and1( MId
dlIe and( Into Upper Egypt. Here, juset ouit.
aide of tihe village of Synnle, he was seen oii
the morninig of Jian. -22, 1843, to stop and
rest, leaning agaInst a palm tree, with his
face covered by a hiandkerchief. Hie r'ested
80 long that some1 pers5ons tried( to wake
him, buit they tried in vin, for he" wasi
dead1(. H~e wans lburied at the foot of the
tree, andl it was years before hIs fiIends 1in
Eturope knewv whlat faite had biefalhen him.
Foumndlat hie IDuty.
It was a winter's nIght, many13 years ago ;
the ground wa~s covoeed wit h frozen snow,
and black snow choiuda hutng overhead,
while an intense cold1 was made(1 stihl keener
by the dlrivinlg wind wvhuich scuiddedl along
over the counitry 51ide, carryIng In its teeth
a storni of Icy snow flakes.
Tfhe clock ini the Parish towecr of Gray's
chimned the hour of nine, as Talbot, the
post-boy, prep~ared1 hinself anid his horee
"Beauty"' to carry the mail bagsg, filled with
theIr valuable letters, on to Checetham, ni1ne
miles away, over a ruiggedl road, up lull and(
down dale ; for In those (lays there -were no
Iron railroads traversed1 by snorting engines,
pulllng and1( shiriekiing on at the rate of forty
or fifty mile1s in the hour, and dilstanceshtad
to be reached by fast trottinlg and( hIgh niet
It wats a dlangerous deed( to ride over a
lonely country on such a nIght as this ; hut
no misgiving. clouided the lad's brave spirit.
lie was soon standing before the office door,
patting the sleek coat of his favorite, when
the door opened and the Postmaster ap
peatred with the bags.
"You'll have a hard lime of it to-night,
Talbot, my boy," 9aid hie. "I am thinking
w~hether you Ouglht to go thirough all this."
"Go through it l". was the reply. "What
would tiley do at.Cheetham in thb morning
without their letters? We're not afraid of
it, are we, B3eufly ?"
"But this. is the worst night I have ever
known ; you'll be losin. your way. Wlt
can tell the difference between road, ditel
anld tield inl tis snow F"
Bitt Talbot took thll hgS fromii the speak
er'a hand, and slung them on isA back.
"Lose oir Way, indeed ! Vly, sHi
knows every inch of the road ! Don't you
Beauty I It wonl't be the first time n'e'vi
cantered along by hundreads." And i
11aughecd lightly, springing to the saddhi
with ak bound; hbill hie adkded qulietly, "'l1
will be a rough ride to-night though, and 1
shall not he sorry to see tIe lighis of Cliee
Iham. If I get there all right, it wli! Ie on
to mny Score, that's Jill; for they'll know I
aim not afraict of a bit of wath'lier, Md the
win't have to say to ine alit I shirked.
(1o4)ud nigtril, mir."
Ilie hiltoned his c4t titIghly Iriouiild himl,
Sirned the cola1111 tilp over his ears, pulled hi,
'ap down close, gave Ileaiuiv the signill 11n1i
gtlloped awty into I lie dark.
". h, well, you ire a brave fellow, ani
*l'l see yoil doii't lose ainiythling by it,' siid
Ihe postnuaster, as he closed ihe tdot', mil
,1at dtown by his own fireside.
As Talbot, onl his trusty si'ed, rode dep
'r inio the lontely comtriy the cold b'caeic
lIe Wats Covered Withi sntin 111t fr-oze inl
o a cot ing of ice over' hinm, and e'vervt him,
tided it) sentd lis coul rtge dowin as low it
he It-lmiperatilet itsellf; hit le fought mntii.
Fully to keep up his spirits, althugh it w
itrd4 wNk, for' aitch at night 1a this hald not
)t1n kiiowti foryes.
Ine nIt le--t wo miles-thilee iilea of I lit
-ond( grot over, anid (heelham sit ilmill six mlihl-t
tw W'i Straight IAonwtiirdl lie urged lilt way,
vltere all Was ilartk before an11d on illwt'r
lidel, SatVV nw andl thent when11, as. he rodle
piiekly by, lit culd, lirough a coil AigIe
viimow, see at I clieeiful firelight gil'ami,
.vhl le fatcied there ua grolpil of thippli
'Iildtei arounl Ihle heN'rlh, withI thi r fteIrli
mId mtiithier, ail ll elsee makinog hiome
aright anid ha~ppy .
Then, perhap111S, hel thought11 of him ownVl
iole In G (rays, of lie t1hers 111 sisters
hiere, of his mt r, wilching an1d lok iing
mixiously thitigh ih ltlice, wonideriig
low he col d be firing iti tall I his, id prtv
nig fervenly for)I her boy, whio woui Ihe
1ome agitin tnIt the mrIirow it ill weint wtll.
Iht e'notgh of thil he must keep till
hotight for'himselt tiow, and tlight igiiist
his drowsiness ereepiig slowly over .hit.
Phere wis work to be dotie there were
inil btga to le preserved anild lelivered.
Thalt was his work, an14d lie would to it.
ix miles of the jotirnicy over ail sill three
1io'e to Cheethlain. lie had lost all sentse
f feeling by this time, andt scarcely knew
r the reins were in lisa iind, while tie tears
hll, would come froze upon his cheek.
'his was a light with terriile foes, bull
'leethaiti was only two miles aiway now,
nd courage must live a littlo longer. A way
id away ! Soho, Beauty ! FtrwartlI
'hlt was the word.
Two m14en1 stood out in High trI eet, tit
'heeltham. One wits the Post mnasterof that
wi, ad the other an hostler waiting to
L-ed Beaily 1111d bed her down for the night.
'he elouds were dispersing, the stnrs shoie
dtl one of the, sltampijiing his n1 1ihed feet
pon the grouilid.
'Very likely not. low goeR his time,
it up yet I"
'"Well, lie oight to be in very soon, if
e's coinli1g lit all," was the reply.
As they were speaking, a tore with its
ider came galloping in ; it Was Beauty
overed withl foam, who, with h11(er butrdeni,
ow halted before them. She knew the
lace too well to need any reigning in.
"elio, ''albot !" said the Postast e'.
'That's the way to (1o it I Nine miles
gainst wiId iad weather, and true to your
ie within a minute or two ! Unstrap the
lags, boy, and theni conie in andci have a
rarm." But there wias n(o illove.
'Coime, off with you, my man ! yotu
eemI overM fond of this, miore1 thiatn I am n ly
Still no0 aiiswer-silent andc elrct he sat
n t he sadkile.
The host let' iraised his lanternl to the ladl's
ace; thle featutres were rigid, thle eyes open
"W~hy, he is ill l'! lie exclaimedl. ''lie Is
rer'y bad1( I What shall we (10? 1 believr
ic Is dlyiing, sir."
Not dlyinig but deatd, for Death had iiet
11hn 0on the waty. F"ound~-foundi~ at lis
Th'le Postmaitster'lifted huimi off ini his strong
irms, but with difliuly, for thle boy wta
ro0zen fast to the sadd(le ad lisa knees wei'e
>re'ssedl tightly to thie horses shtles. ,Just
is lie wa'is taken do(wnt his face caime near
Betiuty's head1(, wuhien the~ panulting sleetd
tmllfed~ at it, expectinig the tmaster's kindly
u'vord and1( touch. Ah, Heaty ! You wuill
iever see your master tany mloreC I If y'ou
1ver0 able to think at all you never thought
you were carryitng his lifeless body the: lasI
nile of the jouirney.
TIhe Iitense cold hiad pierCedl lis brave
aeart and'(1death had stolen uponi hhnit in the
gise of sheep, raipidly sinking ito a slumi
ier to know no waking in thIs wiorklL
NothIng Mean Aboti6 Him.
A man ateppedl inito a sample-room (downa
owii a (lay or two ago and hnppe'ned to
ueet a friend there.
" Iave a beer ? " wais thte fist que'stloon.
''It's a little too early,'' relhied thte in
"Wtell, take a little wihisky ; Ptt ill
warm you upI."
"'I dlon't. thInk I care abotit whisky."'
''Try a lit tle rm, then ; now whait do
you say to a good, sharp, seducitive hot.
spleed rum, eh I
" Deliver me from rum ; I nlever couml~d
drInk it without getthlig sick or cautching aI
. "Won't you try some1 sherry ; thalt's
more poetic, anid will maike you feel good
for thei balanece of the day? i
" Will you kindly excuse mel from taking
sherry, si'? "
" of course ; bult won't you trya
"Not if I know myself."
"What's the matter; you're not offend
ed, are youtl?
"Not at all."
"IWell, thlen, won't' you take some
" o 1be sure I will; to be sure I wvil:
drink with you."
" Well, what will you takei"
"I'll toll you whuat I'll do, sir ; I'll taka
a glassful of. water and. you gve me the
toll cents. Hlow will that Wo *, ohi"
" That won't work at all," sid th6 othe
indlgtnantly, tnd then he took a %irInk alon
and w~lked~oto h~to
.The faith'of the ghaid is Awas .ti
work of It.964
A Japanese Hediciisltaber.
Of furniture, in oie senase of the word,
there is, inl a Japanaese houise, ah1niost none.
The casual visitor sces no sofa, chairs,
talblesa, stoves, curtinis or hat-rack. In the
parlor, or room for receiviig guests, are
seen in the tokononut, or raised space at
han(some sword-rack, flower-vases, bronze.s
or litc(iered ware. In the ladies' chamber
will be fonid btrcaims, itirror or toilet stands,
needlework-hoxes, eahinets, racks for
dresse's but all thees are Liliputian in size,
and it may be seen at a glance that they are
to be ised wheni kneeling or sitting on the
floor. The fact (l(hat everything is done on
11t floor <-xplains in great part why the
Jutainese are so courtly anid ceremonial in
lithir 'ustioms. What' is at hedehmber at
night, is usually put to some other use dirl
m Ig the daiy. liedtimle come, the sliding
loOr closets are openled, anid the bedclotheics
brought in. One or two quilts are laid upon
tIhe floor. Near the tipper one is laid the
pillow--a block of wood with a sm1a1l pald.
'h paipt pillo hw-Case, in at well kept house,
is ienewed every, v day. An enormouts and
thickly padded loose coat, ainide of silk or
cott11on, is laid oi top, and fIts nicely to tlt
botly. This is the covering. On this sort
of ouenh aill .lapaniause haave slept from tilie
immemorial. Among at few of the richtest
families the lthling is of silk. With Ite
griaaI itmss of people it is of the usual dark
bhn'l, qluilted vottonl cloth. Teobject of'
the1 Ja1panlese pillow isa, evidenltly, 8o to rest
Ith hItadI 11 anot t disarranaige the coiffurte.
Wil h 1 he wan1, this is a Matter of ilpar
lance. sitce it suailly recpuires aan hour Inr
I wo a r flit work of arranging the hair.
I 1t1-1n (he priest, whose laid is shorn, does
ntot use at pillow Of Ihe usual kind, but at
mot luxiriois onte niade rouid and re
m!"mbling ours, though much smalle' r. This
is ailled the haqzu--makiera( or priest's pil
low. In a .uilaiantse lotel I always called
Ior om- of fIIh laiei r piattIeri. III siinner,
whe lt i 114 tluitat imsaike tiair appear'aitce
(for .1lpn is equally favored with the rest
or t- world with Ihtese pests,) mosquilo
etis art ft011d inl tvery houaseoltld Ilait can
afford ti-imi. 'h'e ntting is good antd
sir'onfg, hliuaglh rather coarse. It is mostly
pink Ir grtei. The neits (kaeho) are niade
inl th) 'orml of it ehae. Tl'hey aire Iung by
niss rings iii tht' woodwork on the corners
f the raom, occipying narly the entire
splac of the room. 'ihey thOroughly
a nswetr their puillpose. Whent a Jalpilese
widow choost'5 to consider it leap year, and
%% islis to sectire a piat ier', she simply hints
Ito i firvored suitor thlit, at' iloquilo-aict Is
too larg'e. Flor te healy's naips a smialler
oti it MPtvided.
.1ige- " Nw, yoing inan1, I eiteice
you to twenty years at hard labor in the
Stait I'rison for killing that man with at
cart rung. It'll lie a warning to other young
uen who spend flir evenings in har-room
uiot to go to such vile places."
Othler Youing 3Alan-"Plae, .sir, where
siall we go ? "
jludge.-"' (o 1o church.
Other Young Mani-" Whaat, every evena
S' 40) Ley~ 're anot opeli, either.'"
.1 udge--" Well, go--go-to a dime con
Other Younag Mai'-" Whatt sha1tll we do
flt' oter five week evenings3i "
j Iatdge-" Go-go-to see some respecta .
ble young aidles."
Other Yontig Man-" They wiant oysters,
ice cream and theatre tickets, Judge. (aii't
ailrord 'em o.i seven dollars a week."
.Judge-" Well, go-go-go-go to your
r1oo0Ms ad s(ty and beome a Judge, like
Aliy Other Yoting Matn.-4 Judge, it's
tjougl work stidying after working all day.
Did you get to be at Judge by studying? "
.J1iige- " Wh 1y yes, of course.'
Other Young Man-"tStuidyinig whati "
.Jiudge~ -"' 'olitics, (If course -- niO -I
mneana I studied r'eadlin', ritini', arithmetic
Any Othier Young Mani-" Yes, Jtid~ge.
Where do y'ou spendi your evenaings,
.Jtuige-"' Wetl, I genealluy dine at the
chlb and then taike a irun around town,
drop~l in iat a theatre antd at the Fifth Avenuet,
or a lacer tunntel, and somethnes I take a
spini arouttnd the corner at or up to
- , sttop ; what ami 1 saying i Young
man, I sp~endt any virtuous eveings inu the
bosoma of my virtuou~ts faily, and retire at
tean to my spiniig hedstead.'~
Othe'r Youmg Manu-" Well, JTudge, we
can'i afford these luxua les until we are
elecd .ludges. Wish you'd( tell us where
to go evenings."
.htudge-" Go-go-go to the dlevil I "'
All the Othera Young Men-"'Yes, Judge,
we're goinig there."
Economay on the Farma.
On the fhymn, and in all the various de
tails of rural and dionhestle lIfe, pruidence
andl just eCc)oomy of time and means are
iucumbaient in an emnennt degree. The
earth itself Is cdmuposed of atoms, and the
most giganit lc fortunes conshst of aggregated
items, Insilgnificant hai thenikelves, Individu
ally consldered, but majestic when contem
plated In uiiaty .and as a whole. In thei
anagemnent of a farm, all needless expenidI
ture should be systematieally avoIdeud, and
the Income made to exceed the outlay as fair
as possible. .Pecunaiaty ambarr'assmaent
should always bie regarded as a contingenoy
-of evil bodig, and If conteinded gaint
with eneorgy and persevering forti g,
must sa' be overcbome. D~ebt, W but
little hope of Its removal, Is a sR latonle
dragging us dowat, andt crushing t11 life
blood out of 'us. Be careful thatefore in
Incurring, any pecimiriry respon'ilbility
which does not presenut At clear deliverance
with the advantages, which annhIlgent.
action ought always to insure. A farmer
who purchases a good fahin and ftupay
down one-third of the price, iIot
gage for the other two-tid, a~~6e
the heart and resolution trk -ht
fully and welhl, enters upl ..htto
success. lie 'will labor wi th eo eo1 cgng
knowledge that each dp ya Oxtto will
lessen his Indebtednesstth )Igjlu rearer
to the goal whealh sal he " trled
and becomes a fr'e h6I6 i~~ oer
lng soee. - But ltWif, ~~y i
Avery deprtiient; b' ~ ~I
as in thbbarius and in.t
. late lif ~ r tui e
to g -e j pq~. .