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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY 29, 1879. VOL. 111.-NO. 51.
RAIN ON THlE ROOF.
Saft falls through the gathering twilight
Tito rain from the dripping eaves,
And stirs,;with a tremulous rustle,
The dead and the dying loaves,
While afar. in the m dst of tho shadows,
I hoar tilo swoot voicoi of bolls,
Como borne on the nind of the autumn,
That fitiully iuses and swe.s.
They call and they a iswor oaoh other,
And atiswor and minglo again,
As the de-op and the shrill in an anthem
Make harmony still in t oeir strain ;
As t so voices of sentinols minglo
In mountainous regions of snow,
Till from the hill-tops a chorns
FLoats down to the vallose below.
Tio shalows, the irlright of oven,
The sound of the rain's distant chime,
Como bi ing ng, with rain softly di opp.ng
Sweet t loughts o1 a sha-owy time
The slunkberous sonse of soolusion,
1rom storm and intruders aloof,
We fool when we heat in the midulht
Tuo patter of rain on the roof.
The Midnight Cry.
lit the early days of it certain Western
State a crime was committed whielt hts
gained a place aniong the inals of dark
deeds. It was murder ; but the circum
stttnces surrounding it are so noteworthy
that we shall here transcribe them. They
present the most remarkable instance of a
young nman sealing his lips when his own
life was in Jeopardy, in order to conceal a
petty vice-the most. remarkable instance of
the kind oil record.
One night in March, 1831, a farmer
na:nied Buskirk left a town where, during
the day, he had disposed of a lot of hogs.
Ile rode a sorrel horse, and carried the pro
eeds of his sales in heavy leather saddle
bags. Tie money was mostly in silver
coini of the dollar denomination, and the
amouit, therefore, was quite weighty.
iutskitk, a fearless man, did not go armed,
but rode unconcernedly from town, a little
under the influence of liutior, but not drunk
enough to caii attention to the fact.
As lie lived but twenty miles froin the
mautrket, lie expected to reach home about
midnight. lut when the morning dawned
Zimri Buskirk wits still absent from his
farm. Ilis horse stood at the-stable door
neighing for admittance. The well-known
sadi le-bags were missing, which inlunedi
ately gave rise to a suspicion of foul play,
and search for the farmer was at once in
4 At i distance of five miles from hoie the
body of luskirk wts found lying by the
roadside, and not far away lay the saddle
baIs, riuled of their contents. The villain,
in his haste to get at the money, had cut
ils way to it, instead of unbuckling the
heavy sthaps. The farmer was found to be
quite dead; one side of his skull had been
crushed as if by a blow fr un a bludgeon, or
soie mnurderous weapon of that sort, and
his pockets, like the saddle-bags, had been
despoiled of their contents.
The excitement from the moment of the
discovery became intense. Zimri Buskirk
was one of the uat influential farmers of
the neighborhood, aad a man universally
liked. Ile was not known to possess an
enemty, and no one ever dreamed that the
murder had been committad for anything
but that of subsequent plunder.
Though the country was scoured for the
perpetrattor of the deed, no traces were dis
covered ; but a clew was suddenly furilshed
in a startling manner.
The body of the farmer had been discov
cred not, far from a farm-house occupied by
a family named Milligen, which consisted
of the piarents and two children, son and
daughter, who hadl passed their minority.
While the excitement still raged, Ellen
Milligan caime forward and desired to
make a statement that she said had tortured
her ever since the night of the murder. She
said that she had been the possessor of a
guilty secret which she could no longer
keel) ; she could not leep for it, and it w~as
the spectre of her wvaking hours.
'The girl then proceeded to state that she
was up at the hour of half-past eleven or
thereabout, on the night of the -thi, and
that she heaard a horse coming dIown the
frosty road( from the .directiod of P
Not regarding the sound of any mo
ment, she was about to re-cnter the
house, wvhen she heard an oath, followed
by a dull thud and a groan. Then she
heard a name uttered twvic'> in a tone of
mingled agony and supplication.
A moment later the sound of h'oofs came
again to her ears, -and the horse seemed0( to
be galloping towatrd the Butskirk farm.
The excitement that followed Miss Milli
gen's narration may be imagmned, for pen
cannot describe it. It was believcd that
the name she had heard was that of the
murdlerer, which had fallen from the lips of
his victim before insensibility or (leath fol
Iowced the blow. Th'le young girl visibly
hesitated when asked by the magistrate to
pronounce the name. Sheo covered her face
with her hands, and in all prob~ability would
have fallen If she lad not been sup~portedi
hby her brother Iiam. She did not like to
tutter the namie that might doom one of the
young mn-of her aequaliance to the gal
lows, for she could not believe him guility,
yet she had heard Zimri Buskirk call on
hhn11 to spare his life on that awful night.
Ellen Milligen was pressed to mention
the inme, and-fturthei' the ends of justice,
in which the whole country was interestedl,
and at last her lids parted.
"God help him and pity mo 1'' she said.
"The niame I heard was Abner Teniney's.'"
if a thunderbolt had fallenintotheobreath
less crowd, astonishm-ent would not have
been more complete. Moun started at the
niame, and women uttered cries that added
to the confusion.
*Standing near the witness was a young
man of flye and twventy, the only son of a
minister who watched over the little fleck
of believers that worshipped in -the church
hard by, and a youth of -exemplary habits
to the outer world.. Is face was as palo
as death, and at the mention of his name lie
started back with a cry and found the eyes
o~f~all ftxed upon him..
ils name was Aliner Teiiney.
He made no afforts -to fly, and when
strong hands were t upion hln, he smiled
and told the people ha would face thioaccu
atJI h oungIi a d*ii1W 1irrste&~
Ellen M~iign stanogi and broitghtne
tob roj ie. od le th
to the inquiry concerning his whereabouts
on the night of the crime.
"1 admit that I was not at home, but
where I was I will not tell I''
This answer was twisted, as it could easi
ly be by the excited community, Iuto broad
strands of guilt, and the young man was
remanded by the magistrate for a regular
trial at the next term of court.
There were a few who believed that lie
might be innocent. When it became gen
erally known, that lie had beeni a suitor for
I-va Huskirk's hand without the sanction of
her father, revenge was- added to the niotive
of the murder. Ellen Milligen's word was
believed ; she was a girl of violent passions,
but her veracity i this case was not drag
ged into question. She acknowledged that
she loved Abner Tenney-Ilence her reluc
tance to testify ; and after the preliminary
examination, she said that she regretted
having revealed the secret.
But it was out now, and the young m1au,
lying in the county jail, reiterated his inno
cence, but still lie refused to make known
his whereabouts and oceupation, On //th
It was strange that Ellen Milligen's testi
mony should remain uncorroborated in its
essential particulars; but there were sever
al parties who had seen the iccused near
the scene of the crime at that late hour of
Ie 1did not deny this, but persistently re
fused to explain his presence there.
His father visited him, and begged him
to unburden himself ; but to himin he invari
ably returned he'same reply :
'Were I to tell you, you would feel as
badly as though I had committed the imur
The young man was visited by many ac
qaintiances, to whom lie would not reveal
his secret, and it at last became more than
half suspected that lie had accomplices who
had concealed the money, not one dollar of
which had, as yet, been found.
Ellen Milligen continued to reallirm her
statenient. She was contident that she had
heard Buskirk call on Abner Tenney in
tones that left no doubt in her mind-that lie
addressed his murderer. As the time for
the trial approached, she lost her reluctance
and openly declared that she knew that the
accused had committed the crime.
11er brother, not having been at home on
the night of the nirder, was not sumnioned
as a witness. It was known that lie, too,
had visited the Buskirk homestead as a
suitor for Eva's hand, but that of late lie
had turned his attention to another lady,Lto
whom lie was paying hii' devoirs.
The excitement consequent upon the
farmer's violent death and Abner Tenney's
arrest did not for one moment abate during
his sojourn in jail. To a young man who
visited him lie said:
"Spare ile, John. You know where I
was that night; you kn.ow what I was do
ing. If I escape this time. I will be a better
man. The murder of my honor would send
my father to the grave as quickly as the
shedding of my blood by the law. Do not
come forward and try to save me by sacri
Ilcing my honor l"
"They will hang you if you. do not tell
all," was the reply. "Let us swear to the
truth. ~ D'o not let Eva believe that you
killed her fAther."
The last sentence dtrove Abner Tenney to
the wall of his cell with a groan. It seemed
to unnerve him.
"She will never believe it I" lie cried a
moment afterward. "In] her eyes I will
ever remain guiltless of her father's murder,
even though they hang meo for the crime."
The young man's visitor left, and joined
two other inen of his age if the corridor of
the jail. .
"What does lie say now ?" was asked
"Ile is still obdurate, -and declares that
we must not expose him.."
"Can we save him without* tihe expos
''We muist I We shall I"
The trio were youths of respectable
parents, but considered fast young men.
They had of late been Abnier Tenney's comn
panions, much to the regret of the few pious1
peop~le who had noticed the familiarity.
"Look here," said one, addr< sing his
complanions, "I hold myself in part respon
siblo for Abner's present situation. We
led him Jnto the habits that have fastened
themselves upon us. We must save him I"
The spokesman of the dissoltite party
was a younig student cof medicine, and it
was not long afterward that a learned medhi
cal gentlemnan of Clincinnati came to the~
county. The body of Zimri Buskirk was
exhumed and examinedl.
Jlohin French stood by ad watlced the
"Well 1" lie saidl at last..
"You say that she swore to hearing Mr.
Buskirk cry out after -the thud of two
"So she swore."
"The first blow must have produced in
stant death. It drove pieces of skull into
the bi-ain. A stab in the heart could niot
prove more instantly fatal than the initial
"Trhat is y'our op~inioni ?"
"I will swvear toit."
The young man was satisfned, anid the
body, minus the head, was returned to the
"If lie will not sacrinice his honor to save
his neck, I will save it for him, and his
father need not know the truth."
These wordhs passed from John .French's
lips as he passed from the house with the
Firoin that day the young student and his
two frienids were not idle. They made many
trips from the county, and compared notes
on their return.
. The trial came at last, and the accused
plead "not guilty," in a firm voice.
Ellen Milligen repeated her testimony so
datnaging to the defense, and adhered to it
through a rigorous cross-questioning to
which she was subjected. She had heard
the ories After the blows ; she was positive
The ether dvidence offered by the State
was merely circumstantial. Trho defense
introduced the Professoi', who explained the
nature of the wounds, and swore that the
firat blow had produced instant death. This
p roduced a pensation in court. It staggercd
Ellen Milligen's testimony, until that hour
believed invulnerable, The blows that now
followed from the defense were hard and
No alibi was attempted. The accused
had forbidden such a plan, on the gr'ound
that it would reveal thet secret that he was
guarding so closely' .m the d nee be
came aggressive; it ed ti ira
'Wl igoe, Ellen'S brohewas .twhere ho
sai oe#ag'on the night of th~ autuder. As
t#otgman was not under arp-the
4urt feA4* th introdntcton oft
timidny, %w hen John French arose, and ex
"1 (10 now accuse him of the. murder of
Zimri IBuskirk ; my allidavit is in the room;
the Sheriff holds it at this moment. Look
at the man I Guilt is written on his face.
le is trying to leave the house. Catch
The confusion that now ensued was in
tense. Ellen Milligen, with at loud shriek,
fell forward on the floor, where she was
permitted to lie, for all eyes were turned
upon her brother.
Pistol ill hand, the young man wfas clear
ing a path to the door. No one dared to
lay hands on him, for lie threatened to shoot
the flrqt one who touched him, 1d
thus lie reaiched the do->r leading to the
On the threshold Ie( paused and faced the
excited occupants of the court room.
"You will never put me in Abner Ten
nay's place I lie cried. "If I did kill Zim
ri Buskirk, you shall not prove and hang
The next moment there was i loud re
port, and a human body, after swaying for
nll instant, fell heavily upon the Iloor.
Iliram 3Milligen had taken his own life I
This tingic occurrence, as might be sup
posed, put an end to Abner Tenney's trial.
It established his innocence in the eyes of
all, and the guilty was beyond the punish
ment of an earthly tribunal.
Upon her recovery, Ellen Milligen un
folded one of the darkest plots on record.
She confessed that her testimony was but a
tissue of falsehoods ; that she knew that
her brother had killed the farmer for the
purpose of getting his money, and accused
young Tenney, in order to prevent him
fron winning Eva luskirk. Ellen, piqued
at Tenney's refusal to court her, had enter
ed into the plot with revengeful spirit. But
the game had failed.
Of course the mniister's son was released,
and Ellen Milligen left the'country between
two days. She died several years later ti
a den of infamy in the South.
Abner Tenney led Eva Buskirk to the
altar several months after his release, and
became one of the solid men of the South.
I believe lie is still living, but his father,
the minister, is dead ; and the secret which
lie guarded so zealously at one time is no
It was simply this: Despite the holy in
fluences under which he had been raised,
he had departed from the paths of rectitude
and became a gambler, along witi John
French and his companions. On the night
ot the murder of Mr. Buskirk, the quartette
were in the inidst of a carouse which the
youth refused to confess for the sake of his
father, who never dreamed of his wild life.
But John French had saved the young
man. whom lie had led into vice, and kept
hin from the gallows. Tenney's secret
was told by him after lie had made a man
of himself ; but it puzzles many people who
know it not to this (lay.
The baby carriage made its appearance
recently for the season of 18979. It was oC
cupied by the usual baby, and it was pro
pelled by the woman who looks into all the
store windows as she goes along. A report
er who followed the carriage for an hour
found that it collided with live women, ten
men, six curb-blocks, four boxes and a
street car, and every collision only made the
woman more determined to occupy two
thirds of the side-walk if it took all sumner.
She succeeded. They all succeed. A
womani pushing a baby carriage in front of
her on the sidewalk is as dangerous asseven
roller-skatcra and' four velocipede riders
combined. She can't kill a full-grown man
quite as proii)tly as a runaway team, but
she can knock his shins to picces, tumble
him over, upset all his good resolutions
and leave him flint-hearted and evil-minded.
You can't dodge a baby cab. Your only
safe way is to jump from the curbstone or
climib a ladder. They go on wheels. TVhey
are sup~posedI to be a convenience which no
respecctable baby can (1o without. No mat
ter who first got the Idlea that jolting a ba
by aroundl town, bobbing him over curb
stones andl bouncing him over crosswalks
would sweeten his dtisposition-1-the. idlea Is
correct. Put a man in a vehicle of the sort
amid his back would 1be broken in an hour,
but babies have no backs. Theiy arc sim
ply great big hunks of sweetness. The
only reason why all the Union regiments i
thea late war we're not armied wvith baby car
riages wans blecauise the factories couldl not
supply them. Tlhey would have endeld the
war In one year. Th le woman with the ba
by carriage needs no0 advice. She knows
enough to heed the vehicle towards every
crowd she can see. Th le thicker the crow'd
the more busmness she has there. It Is her
duty to run to all fires with it, to select the
busIest crosswalks, and to get in front of all
runaway teams, and she perfectly under
stands It. If there Is-any country on earth
where these vehicles are not in use, It is n10
country to live in.
-.A Figh~tful Scone.
During an exhibitilon of some wild
beasts a short time ago at the theatre of
a small towu in Thutringia, a frIght ful
scene occured. A leopardl was not
nearly so submnissive to the taimer *as
ugual, and dashed wildly about the
cage. Suddenly two of the bars gave
way, andi the animal sprang wilth a
tremendlous bound amonig the spectors
in the pit. Trhe terrified peop~le rushed
poll-inlh to the door, but the beast at
taoked the hindermnost or them furious
ly ~with teeth and elawvs, andt in four
minutes had killed a womnan and chlk1(
and fearfully lacerated four other per
sons about the face and. neck. T1hie
moment the leopard escaped from its
eago, the beast tamer andl his asslstants
hurried after it, armed with spears bit
wvere unable to overdome it until it
dropped dead from its wounds. On
examining the broken .bars of tne cage
it was dilscored that they had been
Jiled. A n attendant, lately dismised
for drun ken ness, lias been urrested on
susphcion of being the author of this
1lvert ldtdg Chieat.
It has bume so common to wrIte the
beginnin(,f an elegant, .interestng
artlole and thon rud It Into some adver
tisdment that we avoidi al'l Suoh cheats
and simply call attention to thfinnfit,
of floeg Bitters in it plain hoet imns
esposuible, to iddb1tos jep a
jtin oditria a* od io kaW *s
thiib' Y~tilu 4% ee 4n7Ith6%lse.
A leading artist of St. Louis recentil
said "you cannot imagine how many of oki
nice society young metn, who figure in ti
most aristocratic circles, come to artists, 01
occasions, to get covered up the traces o
an all-night frolic left on their faces In th
shape of [)lack eyes, bruised noses, etc.
remember, not long ago, i clerk at one o
our leading hotel-1 won't iention hi
name, because it is not necessary, in th
first place, and in the next lie's a friend o
mine-came to ie in great haste one after
110011 an11d said, 'D) you ever paint ove
briuised flesh?' I said yes, and then ie in
forined me that he wished to take a lady t
a ball thit, evening, bit Ihat unfortunatel
a few days before, while out riding witI
her, the buggy had been overturned, an<
her face and arm were badly bruise-se
badly, in fact, that, unless tihe traces couh
be covered i) ii some way, it would be in
porssible for her to attend the ball. I toh
him to bring her up to the studio that after
11o11, 80 that I could do the work in flay
light, but they didn't inake their appear
aice until alter supper, Jmst as I was leav
ing for. the theatre. I said to her 'Now
caln fix this.so that no one can tell the dif
ference in the gas-light, but it will shov
plainly unless you come to ie in the morn
ing and get it painted over." "All right,
she said, and I went to work. IHer arn
near the elbow-It wias a beautiful arm,
tell you- as bluish black, as was also hel
right cheek, but the swelling had gone down
After I had Iinted her up and added a lit
tie pearl powder to hide the gloss of the oil
she admitted the deception was perfect.
met the clerk the next day and asked hin
if anybody had discovered that her face anl
arm were painted. 'INo,' said lie, 'not i
soul. But I tell you I took her houre i, :
hack; she lives in the western part if 'h
city, and this morning I discovered ,on
streak of white paint and powder on m
coat collar, and I want to know now what,
will take it off.' One imorning a younf
man engaged in the banking busines
caime ip to iny studio witi his eye bandage
i). 'Oh, you need not make iny explana
tion.' I said, as I 'saw himt stammer oul
something about being out the night befor<
with a few friends. I understood all aboul
it. I fixed the eye up. A few (lays after
wards we met at the Lindell. le shook im
warmly by the hand. 'You see,' lie re
marked, '1 got on a little spree that night,
and got into trouble somehow, I don't know
where. It was absolutely necessary for mi
to be down at the bank that morning. Mi
partner did not discover anything. If hI
had, lie would have dissolved partnershil
with me in a moment. The few daubs o
paint you put oni saved me $5h0,000. WhIka
artists, asi a rule, are ready to oblige thei
friends by covering up traces of their dis.
sipation in this way, theii generosity i
sometimes imposed upon. Apropos, Mr.
Miles remarked that while Iii New Yorl
several years ago, a bunmier caime into lih
studio one morning with a black eye, ant
aL C,- ---I r ..., )f s et ior.-l n 1.1d) nr hel
Lhan anythiig else, ho painted his eye over
The next'niorning there was another bum
mer with his face in a similar condition, and
the next a third. The artist generally put
tieni all i a presentable shape, free of
-harge. Before the end of a week they be
gan to come in at the rate of two or three t
Jlay. One morning in came another.
'Sit-a-y,' said lie, '1 collared too niucli
budge last night. Out .on a lark with c
frienid. There was a little scraping matcli
'twixt ie and a friend of mine, and lie pul
a head on me. What'll you charge to th
me up. There's a fellar- down here thal
only charges two bits. What'il you charge?
The nonplussed artist turned to him. '11crt
is half a dollar for you,' he said. Take il
down to that other 'fellar,' and have tih<
kindness never to darken my doors again.
How to Pint Nervous Babies to Sleep.
A biby Is a very iender thing, peo
p)Ie say, bunt most of them. are very fi
from knowIng how tender. Imnagiun
how nervous y'ou are in certain staten
-when recov'ering fe'om Illness say
wheni thne faill of at book or a slam of
door makes 'you quiver and feel faInt
It Is as if some one gave a blowv. A puf1
of wilnd will set it gasping, It's little
breath blown quito away. A noisn
nakes It shiver, a change of' suimme:
nitr makes It turn (leath cold. A babyb
is tine most nervouns of beings, and thn
tortures it suff'ers in going to sleep n
being awakened by careless sounds
when "drcopping ofi," are only comnpar
able to tie same experience of aii 01(de1
persoiinning the acute nei'vous head
niche. Young biabies otight to p~ass th<
Ilrst months of their lives In the coun,
try, for Its stilliness no less than iti
fresh air. But where silence is not t<
be commandied, banby. may be soothet
by folding a soft napkin, wet in wyarmi
ish water, lIghtly over thne top ot Iti
head, its eyes and 'oans. It is tine besl
wvay to p~ut nervous babies to sleep.
have tried it hundreds of times witha
child'so irritable that paregor'ie and
soothing syrup only. made it wide,
awake. A fine towel would boivet ani
laid over its head, the ends twisted
lttle till It made a sort of sknull cap
anid, though baby sometimes foughi
againist being blIndfolded in this way;
five minutes usually sent him off nt<
deep and'blismsfuul slumber. Thfe com
p~ress cooled the feverish little .brain
teadened sond ini his ears, and shn un
out everything that took his attention,
so that sleep caught him unawares
Teething babIes find this very comfort
able, for their heads are always hot
antd there is a fevered beating of ti<
arteries on eachn side,
A curious story comeis to us, upon tb<
authority of the Prefect of the Dlstric
of Caqueta, ini the State of Cauwa
on the borders of the Brazilian Empi'e
of hostilitles betwveen savhtgo Inyial
tribes whnich'are marked by the tr'oel
ties common to Central A frion, or th
islands of the 8outht Sea, On the dear
late sands of tine lower parts of th
river Cnqueta, liva two tribos of Indiani
--the Hlul6tes And Gasques-."betgeel
whomi appears to be an endia~ tued
What theorlginal cauwof the sanguin
ary wars betwo n he4 wo jrihoen
wena . tha $y I9o 4?I t tht I
destroy and annihilate each other in
the most horrible manner in the most
. horrible manner. Althiough the tribe
e of the Guvmaques engage in commerce
I with any who may visit their territory,
f they are nevertheless, veritable canni
bals so far as the 11 tiltotes are concern
ed. wvhom they hunt as they would wild
beasts, wiit the oulect o' making pris
ouers, whom they sell as slaves in Bra
zilian territory, or reserve for a worse
ifte, servinig up tihe still palpitating
1r bodies of their victimis as an article of
food in thoir horrible and disgusting
feasts. Tie 'rightf'ul orgies practieed
at these barbaric rites are deseribed by
a gentleman namned Guizmnan, a Colom
blan, who, for commercial purposes,
visited the conmitry inhabited by these
- tribes. The buildings or temples in
which the victims are sacrificed are
about thirty metres smiare with several
doors on either side, and will ac
coimodato about forty Individuals.
I lie victim selected Is led by the hand
by i chief several times up1) itid down
before the assembled savages amid
shouts and laughter the most infernal;
the trenmbling captive is obliged to pass
out and in through the various doors,
and at last is allowed to stand for a
few moments in the centre of the build
- Ing, In the midst o1' his savage destroy
ers. Then, without a word of warning
ithe savage chier attacks the helpless
creature with a club, knocking him
senseless or dead with the first blow,
and proceeds to dismember and divide
the body among those present, who do
Your tihe remains even without the for
mality of subniting them to the fire.
Like wild animals, crouched! upon the
mud floor, they procced to their unnat
ural and horrible feast. But the Gua
. ques are in turn exposed to the attacks
14 wandering partIes of Brazilian ne
3 groes, who at certain seasons of the
year ascend the Caqueta River, attack
d wellings and vilhges, making prison
ers of muen, women and childreni Indis
criminately, whom they carry off to
their houses and sell into slavery every
year, without protest on the part of the
local auithorities, or steps being taken
to put an end to the lafernal traffle.
The perfectly contentedi man is also per
Try to see yourselves through the eyesof
those around you.
The ideal saint of the young moralist is
cut fron sappy timber.
The vigorous idea keeps warm though
Y u UUIhunnllo tu
millionaires and hogs.
Faith that asks no questions kills the
soul and stilles the intellect.
lie who thinks poorly of himself cannot
win the respect of his fellowd.
Ilappy is the man who has neighbors will
Ing to forgive his mistakes.
Appear to be better than you are, and
ain to be what you appear to be.
The trouble with many communities is
that their dead nii refuse to be buried.
Only infinite wisdom can distinguish the
difference between some mni and beasts.
Man believe that to be a lie which contra
diets the testimony of his own ignorance.
The gilded calf, having wealth without
soul, finds more worshippers to-day than in
the days of Moses.
Ie whose only claim to the title "gentle
man" is in his clothes, mud necessarily be
careful as to what lie wears.
Whether lie Is groat or si.nall, set that man
down for a fool whlo boasts that lie does iiot
read the local papers.
Trhe Lord call more easily have faith in
religion that wears an old coat. to church
than the man ini the coat can.
It is better to aiise-from your knees, and
shut your henls out of your neighbor's yard,
thtan to indulge in long p)rayers.
A itogm For Muiciden.
The stories of ruin every day at Monaco,
Italy, sometimes oni good authority, are
horrible. Fortunes, trust money, provision
for children and widows, the sums acquired
by the sale of commissions; sums raised. oii
house and land, have dlisappeared in a few
dlays or hours. Often It is the extravagance
of the companion that drives her victim
back and back to the tables, deeper and
dleeper. But women themselves are
the most reckless gamblers. TVhe common
computation is a suicide a month, anid there
sometimes come three or four together. On
the ramparts, or thie.garden of Monaco, there
are several p~oints from which ruined gain
blers have thrown themselves into the sea,
800 feet belowv. Only the other day a
"lady" threw herself out of lier third floor
chamber into the road. Tihere have been
incidents in the roomns of the basino, and
one at the table iself. IHaving staked and
lost his last franc, a gentleman stood up and
I dhrew a pistol and discharged it in his mouth.
For the-reception of such scandals therm is
provided a room, handy for the railway
whiieh passes almost directly under the Ca
sino. some inquest thier'mnust be, and It
is performed by the servants of the estab
hishment, But most of the victims go away
- and hide themselves and die like a sick dog,
,n some corner, where they hasten death or
t let a broken heart take its course. It is
impossible even to conjecture thue total
anmounit of the annual ruin; nor is that an
importanit matter, for the loss of a fe-. hun
brcds is as utter ruin to seine people as tens
of thousands Is to others. Wheon a man
'cannot meet his creditors, or even his wife
and children, it is all over with hhii, unless
lie is devoid of natural feelIng and lost 'to
shame. The mere excitement of a day's
3 gambling has boen known to kill people con
t stitutionally weak of heart or head, whether
they have w~on or lost. Ecstasy works the
effect of despair in such cases. People have
b;een known to go to Mfonte Carlo after b*
inlg assured by friends tind doctors thart ~
- will be their death ittheoy do, returnybiotni
e late, and die in a few: hotfrs. The tratic
.tion once. glen way to beconies irresistable.
o It is on this fact tlhat the bank chIoe y standh.
SIf a visitor loses, he leaves, the able 'and
their is aul end of hin. If he gains, he al
*ways returns and play's till he has lost ovet
VThe Prinoe la Wl ~reached
u ZhAadqd take~ 11~i64 t thE
William Wall, a veritable wolf-slayer,
lived recently in Eaton county, Michigan.
An interview with one of his sons disclosed
some very Interesting reminiscences of early
pioneer life In Eaton county. For several
years but. few settlements were made in the
county, but In 1842 Mr. Wall could boast
of quite a "clearing," and four neighbors in
a radius of as many miles. In that year
the settlers were annoyed by a mad wolf,
which would attack the stock in the night
and bite promiscuously all within reach,
the victim of the bit, invariably going mad,
and suffering terril a: igony until relieved
by death. It seen s peculiarity of the
mad wolves, that t1e, teavo the company,
or flock of wolves, nd, with remarkable
persistence bite and destroy every animal
within reach. The wolf in question had
succeeded li doing considerable da-mage,
and numerous attempts had been made to
destroy it to no purpose. One night in the
middle of June Mr. Wall was awakened by
the squealing of his pigs and bark of his
(log. Jumping out of his bed he ran to the
pen, which was made of logs, and saw a
wolf chasing and biting his hogs. le
leaped into the inclosmt, took the wolf by
the hnd legs, and attempted to dash its
head against the logs. The wolf had a firm
hold on one of the hogs, and would not let
go. Wall ran to the wood-pile, got a club,
and succeeded in killing the wolf, which
proved to be mad. 'T'he dog had taken
active enough part In the affray to get sev
eral bites, and with-tlre of the swine, went
mad and (lied. This adventure gave Mr.
Wall the name of "William Wall the wolf
slayer," by which he was widely known.
Another time, while after his cows in the
woods, he lost his way and wandered till
dark, when the wolves commenced 1o howl
and had soon surrounded him, and began
closing in from all sides. lie could hear
them running through the underbrush and
howling in a frightful manner. The pros
pect of being compelled to spend the night
in the woods with these halt-famishe(d
'wolves was anything but pleasant. 'Tihe
wolves became more and more daring, and
occasionally one would dart past him and
snap at his legs in a very suggest ive man ner.
At length ho was compeled to take refuge
in a tree. lie climbed to a goodly height,
and was trying to settle himself idi a secure
pcsitlon for the night, when lie noticed a
light not far distant., and after a littlie cog
itation convinced himself that it was made
by a burning log-heap in a clearing, where
lie had been at work during the day. lie
decided to make a break for the clearing,
and for his protection cut a limb from the
tree and made a very formidable weapon in
the shape of a large club. The wolves
were howling and digging around the foot
of the tree in almost endless numbers.
Taking off his coat, lie made a bundle of it,
and when lie had descendcd near the ground
threw it as far as possible. It hardly touched
the ground before the wolves pounced upon
if and began fighting, each attempting to
ning for the clearing had gained considera
ble ground before he was discovered by the
pack, when they all sprang after him. It
was a hard run and a close race, but lie suc
ceeded in reaching a large burning log-heap
built around a stump, and jumping over the
smouldering logs reached the stunmil. The
wolves came withini a few rods of the fire
and began circulating around it, keeping up
always their unearthly howling. Mr. Wall
passed the night perched on top of the
stump, but found no time to sleep, as he
wats kept busy poking up the (lying embers
in order to keep the wolves at a respectful
distance. At daylight they dispersed, and
the prisoner hastened home to his family
who had expected to hear that. "William
Wall, the wolf-slayer," had been slain by
O ills Mind.
Hie mIght have been drinking a little
-Just a few drops of weak lemonade or
soinethfng of the kind-but yet he look
ed like a very resp~ectable young man11
as he leaned over the counter anid in
qutired for a diary for 1879,
"We have all styles andl prIces," reC
1p11ed the dealer as he displayedl th'e tot,
and in a short time a sale wvas alfeetedl.
Th'le buyer askedl for a peneil, and
standing at the counter lie Openied his~
diary and wrote:
"Jan. 1-Begin to save $10 a week.
"Jan. 2-Love your enemies and be
soft with everybody.
"Jan. 3-Give liberally to charity.
"Jan. 4-Pity every body's sorrow.
"Jan. 5-Set everyonie a good exam
"Jani. 0-Don't snmoke, chow, dIrink,
play cards, swear, stay out at nights,
lie, steal, borrow mtoney, speak uross
words, get in anyone's way, or talk
"Jan. 7-Buy a p~air- of wings and
fly to the better land "
"Thanks for the pencll," lhe said as
lhe folded the book. "Now that the af
fair ls off my mind for a year to come I
feel thirsty. Won't you go and take
A Vandild OpInion.
A Detroit lawyer, famuous' for his
wise and candid opinions, was the
other day visited by a young attorney,
who explained :
"I was admitted to thme Bar two
years ago, and I think I otught to know
something about laiW, yet the minute I
arise to address a jury I forget all mny
points and can say nothiug. Now~ I
want to ask you if this don't slhow a
lack of c:onfidence in myself, and how
can I OvercOme it?"
The wise attinny Ahut his egos and
studied t~hecas6 before uanswerilk:
"My young frjen4,ik its Iacit of dn~
fience in yourself it will somne day
vanish, but if t ils lack of brains y'ou
had better 261l but your ofies effects
and buy a piokax and lo0n tandled
sj ovl" "
utho~yk a e4 As gnM(~i
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-Simon Gonhil and wife, of Montpe
IlIer, Vt , are 98 aid 95 years old respec
tively, tani have beciiiarried 78 years.
-Dir. Gerhoard Kohles, the young
explorer lin Africa, who It was fearea
was lost, has been heard from In
-'The jtiaity of logs ad sawed tIm
her lying IaIong the opper waters of
t he Delai ware is said to be the "largest
since tho paie of 1873.
-Re1presentati ve Newberry, of Mich
iganii. Is said to be the wealtifest main
lit Congress. ie haid anl income last
year oi $250,000.
-Mr. S:tmiuel L. Clemens (Mark
Twaii), who Is now in Paris, will re
tiri to Hartford, Coini.. about Septem.
-There are over 07,000 Stnday
8elools in the United States, with an
aigtgregate attendance of 3,000,000 cli
-Mr. W. W. Corcoran will purchase
from Mrs. Fletcher Webster the por
lraits of Daniel Webiter and of Lord
Ashburton, which were saved from the
-Tile Germans, Italians,and French
are preparing for extensive exhibits at
tle Me.xiclan Exhibition of 188O, with a
view of iatei'rrpting the growig trade
between tihe United States and Mexico.
-Peas and beans contain nearly
doeble the lesh-forming matters that
are fount ili wheat, corn, oits or bar
ley. but far less starchy and heat-giving
matters, or fat.
-Cream Is composed of 2.7 Der cent,
tislh loriting inatters, 20.7 'per cent.
fatty matter, 2.8 per cen t. lacn, 1.8
per cent. saline matter and 0 per cent.
-Tno Anatnal business meeting of
the Anmeriean Bible Society was held
in New York on May 8, The-.sixty
third anniversary was helhi in the
-in 1856 the translation (if the Bible
into the Rissian langiuage was begun.
It, was finished in 1877, and last year
ii-w firAt. edition of 24,000 copies was
-T'he 1mpress of Attstria hits ex
piluied $10,000 on the house and stables
of Lord Laugiord's Sumiierklil man
.loi, 1in Ire in111d, widch she hits leased
for next year.
-In twenty years the United States
has increasedi 130,000,000 bsithels in Its
produonoit of wheat.; while the' Vaiue
ofits atrieuitural ipl l)emelit In uso
u1ponl farin hats u1creased1 $185,000,000,
and iti live stock $1,081,000,000.
-In Me)ifile, Ga., there was dug Up
a few dt ays ago a sweet potato, whlc ai
wheii sinail haid grown through an iron
ring in Ite ground, and - then had in
creased ini sizo uutil It completely sur
-Umlor a pew enactment of the
iia neti ly setlled. are taxed $50; each
hiorse eiered lIforia race, $25; each hull
fIrih . $50o; and life hisnraince comnpan
-Mai y Paul, a granddaughter of tile
famnous privateer, John Paul joies,
lately died in Scotland at tile age of
seventy-ilne. Ie'r ancestor's nane
was realily John Paul-when ho-enter
ed the pirivateering business ie added
-The Union Paielfle R:dlroad sold
duiist the first four months of this
yar 1 108,418 acres of land at ani nverage
of' $3.03 per acre the Kansas Paollie,
127.721 acres at an- average of $3.38,
and the Denver Palfie, 18,500 acres at
al average of $3.37 por acre.
--Tie recolpts of flour at Chicago
ilrinir the year 1878 amounted to
3,120,000 barr ls. - Tills is unprecedon
tad in. her istory. The aime may be
iaid of' wheat and corn. Of' the former
3J,000,000 bashiels werte rLeoived. anid
'of ihe latter 63,000,000.
-Illinois has 800,000 t'nllch cowvs.
To pr'operly care for thIem and their'
products re~quires the labor of 40,000
menx and 00,000 horse<; while they do
mandtc hfor' thair subalst'nee the use of -
over~ 3,000,000 acres of land. 'TheIr to
tal money value Is placed at $124,800,
-In 1800 Boston consisted of only
783 aceres of solid laiyl. Tlo-dity, It coy
er's 20,100 aceros. T1he nlflnnlationl then
was 23,00'); nxo' It is 360.000,'ahu 625,
000,people live withiin a ciirce of twveive
imiles 110rom the City Ihall. TIhe, total
valuation hias increased from $15,000,
000 to $030,000,000.
-Queen Victoria travels ini a railway
carr'iage whlieb' cost $30,000.' Ascorresi
puoident of' The Chicago Thnea says thxat
its wlndows are shaded with grein silk
earitains, timmeind wIth costly white
lace; 'Its ottomans are covered With
creamn-colored sik, embroidered with
the royali arms pnid mnoi.ogram, Ii; pur~
ple axmu gold, and a carpet, which cost
over $500, covers tihe floor.
-Thelx number of children in Banl
FranlcISCO bat ween the ages of five an d
seventeen is 55.800, of whom 283 at'e
negroca' and four Inxdians. Tue.inm
lbar unider live yeara, of all classes, Is'
80,288, of' whom 1505 are Mongolians.
Of' tile wvhito chlkiren of scho061 age,.
who have nxot attended any school diir
lng the p:ist year, ticeax are 10,147.
TViho retiurns do not mention any Mon
golian children as having attended any
-John C Hamilton, a St. Loui6 look
simihl. 13 8sa1d to have the jeysqf the
old Frenxch Bastlle. ' ,Yhtet,~ mob
toire Dc Lan'ney, thaflkfvernlof, to 1eoes,
one of tile revoluitionists, Leoich e by
name~l, scoured, the ke 'rThey .were
kept lIi thle Leheta 1nhlvl9 1852,
w h6n. Anitoine' Lehiid~ fil 94t to~
froin Lechastol; the ae be g A
.iteediA Qt 'ie jdltfa
thtsih , n~k L~il r~h~~
lya iU11i be s6a Th"ili0b .
hxnihes long, ismt deo ofi A p
d~4bi)~~ hy ".t