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_Ih Ee _ eO S__ _, JLaib .
TI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORtO, S. C., JUNE 24, 1879. VOL. IV.-NO. 10.
Tnw field stands white in the reaper's sight,
Teio sumter blessings fall
On the ripened wheat and the blossoms sweet,
And 1Ieaven stniles over it all.,
And the ioaper sings while the hot air rings
With the rush of his sickle keen ;
''Oh. I reap and I bind whatever I find,
And gather my s'.oaves at will.
"Tho grain grows high, but what care I ?
I walk with a giant's pa;o ;
Mon shiver and cry as I hurry by
And shrink from my tc+rrible face
And the maid grows white with dumb afright
At my kisses so d*np &nd obill,
But my arms are bold. 'to havd and to hold,'
And I gather any sheaves at will.
"The breeze that roves through the c .o
Is th.ok with a coming doom
And they drink in death from the perft tod
Of the fair magnolia bloom ;
Where once, through a flood of tears and
I gathered my groody fli,
I come again, and through woo and pain
I garner fresh sheaves at will."
Wise Lord of the harvest. stay his work !
Bid the cruel laborer cease ;
Spare the little grain that shall yet remain,
To ripen and fall in peaeo ;
Lot our prayers and cries reach pitying skies,
bid the fevered storm "be still ;"
Touch the striolion land with Thy healing
For the reaper bides Thy will!
Mrs. Gooch's Tongue.
If Mrs. Gooch had been born deaf and
dumb she might, have been a happier wo
tunan. She often said so herself. The
trouble that long tongue of hers had got. her
into no one knew-no one could know but
herself. No matter how important asecret
was, it was impossible for her to keep it.
And she did not even make a pretence of
confiding only in her dearest friends, as
some women do. She was as likely to
pour her confidences into the bosom of the
Even as a child she had done so. So
that there could not be a family tiff, a
question of economy, a bill overdue, or a
little comfortable back-biting of friends in
the domestic circle, but, all the worlh kne.w
it at once. Tilly rmee-that was Mrs.
Gooch's maiden name-told everything,
and told it to everybody.
After childhood had passed, and Tilly,
being pretty, found herself the object of
admiration in several quarters, it was ex
actly the same.
Tilly was "engaged" to flive different
young mnct before Mr. Gooch came along,
and her love affairs came to an unthnely
end by reason of her chattering each time.
Mr. (ooch, a wise, serious, silent man
pirofited by the troubles of his predecessors,
and wisely told Tilly nothing which he did
not desire to have repeated.. Therefore,
they came, at last, to their wedding-day,
and the long-suffering parents, sisters, broth
ers, and other relatives of long-tongued
''illy saw her transferred to another home
with sensations of .relief. Nott that Tilly
was not a good girl, but that the presence
of a sort of private detective at the fire side
was scarcely aigreeable.
In her new abode Mrs. Gooch became
comparatively harmless. She told all the
news as before, but the small, proper house
hold had no secrets whatever. Bills were
regularly paid. The traditional mother-in
law lived forty miles away. Mr, Gooch
kept his business affairs strictly to himself,
and was what old-fashioned people call "a
good provider." Consequently, Mrs. Gooch
found herself forced back on the delinquen
cies of the laundress and the evil deeds of
Bridget, the cook, for her conversation, and
peace reigned in the household of the
Gooeches. But, alas I upon an evil day Mir.
Gooech had a falling out wvith his business
neighbor,,Mr. Chubb, the grocer, who would
persist in filling up the pavenient under Mr.
Gooech's oflice windows with boxes, barrels,
hags and ether articles in 1n0 way con
nected with real estate. hIard words passed,
and in his excitement Mr. Gooch told the
facts to his wife. In the course of the niext
(lay that wvell-meaning, but indiscreet, lady
had spread the tale over the whole -town,
not omitting the statement thait Mr. Gooch,
in kicking a b)ox of tea from his premises,
had put his foot through it, and was obliged
to pay for the ten, which was gathiered up
in the mean-while by several beggar boy3s
and women andi cariiedl away.
-Moreover, that lie had also split1 his boots
in his effor'ts.
Glooch's friends joked hhin ; his enenmies
sneered. Gboch knew the grocer to lie ta
cit.tyn andl retioeht. - Uls wife had betrayed
him. That day he meditated. At tea thnem
lie did( not return to his domicile as usual.
IEight o'clock came; Tilnc, ten.. .Mrs. Gooch
felt alarmed,' and. cried a 'little, but'tt lialf
past ten tihe door opened and Gooch caine
in. HQ wore a very solemn countenance,
and mecrely nodded to her, and wvalked
upi to tihe fire, whkere lhe stood wvarming hi
Never before in his wedded life had Mr.
Gooech neglected the kiss of welcome..
Mrs. (Gooch looked at hhan in surprise,
and having taken the ,tea 1p0t from1its warn
lng place upon the hearth, sai softlys .
"'You,re late, dear."-.
"Yes,"~ said Gooech.
"Nothning unpleasant, 1 1hop)," said Mrs.
"Deuced unpleasant," responded Glooch.
"Ohmi whet lifit ?" said Mrs. Gooech steal
ing up to her humsband andl putting her handi
on his shoulder. . . ..
"'That's a pecret," spaId Geechi. "Yori
know what a long ltonmguo you huivo, Thilly.'
"t h, I can't think of it wvithm famne'ss.
G ne a cu of tea, Tilly. ~Deir I dear
He'took his seat at the table, swallowet'
the tes his wife poured out for him, and
stare@t the wvall behind.her, with suck r
hiorrogstricken look that she twice tuirnme
to see'Wbat he could be could be lookiing ati
on which deecgie Mr. Gooech remarked;
"No .n11 therenothhi' tiherp, Tdily.'
UN)( Goodh goue m#1 .? , it pos
hile.thd~t frd(ooh hadgone madi ' Mrs
Goobll attot feai'cd tict' ,kI 'w slyad; foi
as son o b had swalloWed lisa supper hi
retited withot aword.
Mi-. 'd6olid'h' folloWdc43d~eZxam i
but sleep did not visit her pillow. Mfr
G obgroned aloud and iuttered hm~
"Oh, dear, dear, dear I" said Mr. Gooch.
"l)o tell mne," said Mrs. Gooet.
"You'll never tell ?" said Gooch, solemn
ly in the darkness.
"Oh, no, no," said Mrs. Gooch.
"Well," said Mr. Gooch, "1 feel that 1
must unboson myself to some one. I've
li lled Chubb."
"What I" gasped Mlirs. Gooch.
"I've killed Chubb, the grocer. That'a
what kept me so late. Oh, dear !"
"lie is mad," said poor Mrs. Gooch.
"No, I'm not, Tilly I" said Mr. Gooch.
"No, I'i not I Indeed I'm not I He camte
into my offiee about that tea, you know ;
and I got angry and we had words, and
well, he'd brought his cheese-knife with
hini, and when he called mhe at rascal 1 just
Jabbed it into hini."
"Oh I" shrieked irs. Gooch.
"Well, there he was, dead, you know !"
said Mr. (ooch, "and murder Is a hanging
matter. So I felt I must hide it. I just
stepped out and got a barrel-an empty po
tato barrel. Ah I how often we'd quairreled
atbouit it-and brought it into the ofilee, and
let. down the blinds and tried to stuff hlm
into it. But Chubb is fat--was fat, I inean
"I shall- (lie I" noanued Mrs. Gooch.
"Don't aake any noise, Tilly I" said
Gooch, in an awful whisper, "I had to cut
hii into chunks, like pork, you know, to
get hin in."
"Oh I Alh 1" moaned Tilly.
"Then there was the floor to scrula, and
sinking the barrel in the cistern, "said Gooch;
"that old cistern that is never used, you
know. It was dreadful. And Chubb's
ghost standing just behind you all tea time.
No wonder I'm not myself, Tilly."
'But he said no more. Tilly was i hys
Poor Tilly Gooch I She sat alone next
day, after her husband had gone to his of
fice, and felt that the world had been turned
topsy-turvy. Here was a secret she must
keep--a horrible secret that she dared not
breathe to any one. Certainly it would kill
her. Oh ! she must tell her mot her. I ier
mother would know what depended on si
lence. She would be true. And then,
soiewhat comforted, Tilly put on her hat,
tied a vail over her eyes, and "ran over" to
the parential mansion.
In just ten niutes after her entrance old
Mrs. Since knew all about the. ilurder, and
was shaking from head to foot, and ejacula
"Oh! dear, they'll hang hin I Oh I dear,
they'll hiang hni on the gallows! Oh! dear
-what at dreadful thing I Oh I how wick
ed ! Oh I poor Mr. Chubb I Oh I"
At the sound of her mother's cries the
eldest. sister of the family, Miss Maria Samee,
rushed in, and demtanded explanation.
"I can't tell ; I can't tell," sobbed Mrs.
"Oh, Maria, you are my friend," sobbed
Tilly. "You wouldn't betray us." And
out caie the story again.
Now, Maria Smee was nervous, and given
to shrieking when terrified, and as soon ais
she had heard the awful facts she began to
ttter shriek after shriek, each shriller and
more prolonged than the last. The win
dows were open ;. neighbors heard and
The house was in comniotion. No one
kne.w what had happenled, and some one
sent for the family doctor.
The doctor came. Hle was a wise, be
nignant old gentleman, and he questioned
Mrs. Gooch kindly. "Something has agi
tated Mrs. Smeeand Miss Maria ?" he said.
"Yes," said Mrs. Gooch.
"And you are trembling, too," said the
They wore alone ini a little room, whither
he had led her to question her, and Mrs.
Gooch could not restrain her tongue.
"Oh, doctor," said she "you wouldn't
wonder if she knew all. Don't tell any
one." And then and there she told hin all.
Meanwhile the car of the "'up-stair's girl"
wasB at thec keyhaole.
"My dear', my13 dear, this is horarible 1"
said( the doctor. "YOU can't exp)ect me to
keel) a secret like that. Clompouand a mur
decr I Be a sort of alccom)plicealfterthae fact!
I can't I I canl't. Not is it wea'e my own
Mirs. G4ooch screamned, and1( Biddy IIng
germaaan left the keyhoe and1( rana to the po0
Thecre she mlade a1 statemnat of tihe facts
of the case. Chubb lad been anurdered.
MIr. Gooch .murdered haimi. The grocer's
remtalins were in a barrel in the 01(d clsterna
behaind the real estate office. She had all
Justice Spruce was an energetic aa. Inu
haalf an1 hour11 two stout pol1iceamen weae onl
thecir way to arrest Mr. Gooch1, whlo shortly
was led through the streets toward the sta
tilon, followed b)y a cr'owdl of boys, 'n
stared1 at from tha .windowd.
JustIce Sprdae was aan old friend of
Odo0chi's. iIe ad(van~ced to meet haim.
"Goocha," lie said, "I regr'et the part I've
b)een obliged to talie ina tis affair. I hope
It will prove a ridlicualous mnistatke. I hope)3
you did( net tell Mrs. Goocha tamt you1 haad
lturdered Mr. Ciibb,.and that hais 'efiis
wvere prekedl l a barrel In your elsterdl ?"
* "'dId,. thlugh," said( Gooch. "I don't
(dciy it. May I see iny wife In your pres
ence before I anm sent to prlsqna ?"
This privilege having beeaccorded, Mars.
Goql ch ws genit for. :She arrlved in the
cabli, a'enre wisp of nmisery ; fier lthiir dis
hiovelledi, her collar' uanpinnaed, heor eyes and
no0s0 swollen. With her.came allher reIa
'tives and'halfE the town.
Gochl tdod before lhis miserable wife
and3( looked atL her -with a queer epeso
ona lis face'. eirsi
"I Confided an awvful secret oar(whilchnum
lif,e depiended, to your w)fely bosom1, Tlilly, '
li. sa(1 "andlogi bietraysi 11e."
'Qh,' my d.ea.ar,h 1 nli y;dear I" moaned
Mrs. och. . !Si, didn't mneani to. Oh,
plejise hang ma, Mir.'Spruce, It's my fault.
L'etii-god .I did it1"Ohay oa, oh I"
The ladios:of 'the Sine family wept, spec
tatorssihook thei honds.' At 'thais -idisIipt
somebody was heard saying': "L,et meo get
througil folks (" iUtid in an istant more a
hftiky fbrni abyigtred before tihe justiee,
who stared at It in an astoishmaent.
I jbtonN&1mp~k. from market," said
tile n?eW;p.cr, ,oteerfully, aand I hear I'm
muhrdiered an%f Jed, hiuto a tater barrel
down Mr. GdOis cl'stern. - Now me amA
Qqoeh did haave shine worde, but '1I hhaV'
mwan enough to want him hung for Wu
dorig me so long as I aia't mutdered, i4pr
no aittemlpt been made.'3 Who las circlast
ed thais'1here etoiy' Ho1w' do do, 3oocih t
httbeutl1ing It, I beloid but I told
daughter, " cried old Mrs. Smtee; but. Till
put her hand under her husbatd's arm ai
they went home together.
"You won't publish the next secret
conilde to you, will you, Tilly ?" asked M
Tilly said nothing.
Findiag A Smugglers' Cave.
New York Revenue officers hav
long been con-vinced that aumong thl
most active and successful of th
smugglers of that place were .JmInte
Levy, alias "Slheeuy Jim." Bill Law
rence, sometimes called "Long Billy,
on account of his hlei.ht; '1'homss
Graham, Felix Dewey and James Wial
rean. These men lounged around tih
saloons on Staten Island in the daythm
but at night were rarely seen. The
were always well dressed. All ha
plenty of money, and were gay an
easy In their manner. '1'hey chatte
familiarly and freely with the revenu
Inspectors, but they always manage
to cover their tracks effectually. '1'he
have been see) pulling boats towar
Stapleton, but were never caught. B
the time the oflicers reached the laml
Ing the smugglers' boat would b
found empty and tied to a post beloi
the old ferry landing. A discover
near the water's edge on the land c
the olal Staten island ferry company I
Stapleton village, has evidently cleare
up the mystery. William Salge, a Get
man, while digging there last weet
thrust his spade through an entangle
ment of brushwood, and exiosed ti
mouth of what seemied to be a cave I
the uluf. Tle opening wits larg
ciough '1o admit his body, and I
crawled In and found himself in a nat
row and winding passage. Althoug
it was (lark, lie groped along for aboti
sixty feet, t urning several abrupt coi
ners, and at last entered a chambe
about twelve feet square. lie saw tLui
it, had been recently inhabited, as ther
was a stove and cooking utensils an
1)111 ks arranged for sleeping. Saige a
once reported the fact to Police Cal:
taun Blake, and the latter made a thou
ough examination of the cave. 11
found that owing to the winding pac
sage no light in the chamber could b
seen without. By the peculiar formsm
tion of the embankment the cave we
completely concealed. It was visite
by scores of persons. It is the opinio:
of the police that the cave has been tit
ren(lezvous of the smugglers who'su(
denly left their haunts about a n.ontl
ago. Revenue Inspector 'rodd believe
that the cave has been used for man
years for hiding smuggled goods, an
that hundreds of thousands of dollar
worth of, silks. velvets, opium, drugc
cigars and other dutlable goods hav
been secreted there.- The goods coul
be brought to this city by women, boys
and hucksters. The cave bol'hg withi
a m!nute's walk of the ferry-boat, th
goods could be easily removed in smal
packages after nightfall. The polic
filled ip the cave. -Inspector Todd be
lioves that there are other similar cave
along the shore between Quarantin
and Fort Griswold. It is certain thti
the Levy and Lawrence gang of smug
glers has quit the village of Stapletor
Legends of the Rose.
Imn tihe mneighiborhood of Jerusalem
a pleasanit valley, whIeh still bears Lih
nanie of Solomon's Rose Garden, an
where, according to a Mohammeda:
umythm, a commpact was made betwee:
time Wise Man and thme genmi of tim
Mornilng Land, which wvas written nc
1mn blood like time bond betweem Faum
and( Mephilstophmel es, mnor imn gall or lik
our modern treatIes, but wvith saffro
and rose-water upomi the petals c
white roses. In' the Catholic TIyrol, Il
time presemnt day, betrothed swamins am
expected to carry a rose dlurinig tIh
p)erlod of theIr be trothal, mas a warnimn
Lo younmg mmal(dens of their engage
stam$e. Roses have p)1 yed, and sti
play, an immportanit p)art of' popuin
usages ini mnany othmer parts of thi
world1. In Germany youmng girls dec
thmeir hair wlith white roses for thmel
commirumaton, their entramco ito th
wvorldi; and( when at time end of life
career, time aged granmiliothier depari
to lier eternal rest, a last gUft, imn th
shape of a rose garland, is 1la(d upo
her bier. A rose was figured on th
rieadismans axe mat thme Vehmgerlh
Many orders, fraterimities and( socetle
hmave takemn time rose as their badgi
The ''Rosicrucians' -may be imstane<4
'Tme Society of tihe Rose,' of Hlamnburj
anm assooiationi of leurned ladles of tIl
seventhm cemtury, is'a less knownm om
amuple. It was divided into four see
tions-thie "Roses, theo Lillies, the VIE
lets, amnd tihe Piaks. Thme hmoly Medaru
insttuted inm France time custom of !T.
Rosier,' by whIeh In certain localitiea
a money gift amnd orows of roses ai
bestowed oni time devoutest, and moe
iniduistrious ainal In time communs
[I Sea*on 1 le Notes,
Now is thme time to air.yoidr garden bed
Turn with,a spade.
To make sure of a big corn crop plal
your feet in tIght boots.' .
*If $fduii hops come out all right, skIps i
jummnps"of joy will be in omrdem';
* ribs now begin to glitb thmeir wAy 01
of .thme gronnid in. soareh of"grub."
If you are hungry, planit Boston bakt
beans whe the6y will do thTe ~mot good.
TheIr is considerable activity I.pi ou
shmares, and many a bank whll be brbk6 1
3 Oatmeal should b ewz iin pot of bo
ti water;'stir well lef6o planting on t1
r 0'o 4entaigis 4orm no espy
nn 6vthe eativybid. .
y Who Began It?
(1 "Aren't you two people ashamed of
I yourselves?" asked the court as they
r stood before the bar.
"Sihe began it!'' replied the lman.
"le began it!" replied the woman.
"1 don't suppose I can ascertain whc
began it," said his iIonor, but it seeul
curious to 11e why husbands and wivel
"She'd quarrel with an angel," said
e the old man.
"He'd pick a fight with the Bible !"
"Can't you two people live together
s happily? Can't you put up with each
other's faults and short-comings and
e getalong without breaking furniture?"
e "Well, she can't kick my boil l"
growled John Jones.
"Andi ie can't put his paws on my
throat !" said his wife.
"Now, then, if you will agree to go
home and live in peace I'll suspend the
sentence. If you won't agree, I'll put
you where iron bars will divide you.
What do you say ?"
"Well, I suppose I'll have to try?"
replied the old main, after a long pause.
e "Yes, I 'spose I can live through an
other month or two," added the wife,
y as she tied her bonnet strings.
She took his arm and they sailed out.
in what seemed to be a happy mood,
but as soon as they reached the walk
she gave him a slap across the mouth
r and a caf 'on the ear and went off on a
gallop. Such is earth.
He Could Say "No More."
A beggar accosted us tire other even
t ing. Ite said :
"I havi a wife and seven children. I
r. can say no more.
We walked on.
"I have been in this country for
years. I can say no muore."
t We walked on.
"I have had iothlrg to e'tt for three
days. I can say no more."
We walked on.
"I have lived on three rolls to-day
three (holding up three fingers). I
can say no more."
We walked on.
"I am alope in this great country,
and I know nobody. 1 can say no
o mo e."
- We walked on.
r "I cannot speak a word of English.
I can say no more."
y We walked on.
1 "I care sa.y &--, b..- the Young
s Men's Christian Association. But let
me tell you, you help no one. [ can
say no more.'
1 We walked on.
"You go to church every Sunday.
But you will not help a poor manr. I
can say no more."
1 We walked on.
"I have Just arrived in this Country,
and can find no work. [ can say no
e We walked on.
"I am an honest maan. I tell you no
lies. I can say no more."
We walked on.
"I sacrificed my life in the rebellion.
I can say no more."
We walked on.
5 Truo Grit.
S A Methodist parson ini Nevada has
Spubliciy declinred to abandon Johrn Chri
namnanr. Tire Rev. Mr. Ger'ber went to
Grass Valley iromr Sacramento, taking
t with imn a Mongoliorn man-of-ali-work.
STire memrbers of' tire lo.;k liked tihe
e shepherd, but hated tihe shephrerd's
Sdog, and it was not long before tihe
~board of stewards demanded the expuil
Ssiorn of tihe Chinrarmanr. Th'ie mlirster
assured threm that Johrn ihad lived with
irhim a very long time, was a tolerable
Christian, arid an exeeedingly good
Sfellow, and threre was no reason why
ihe shrould be discharged from service,
r The stewards subsequently renewed
Stire attack, and informed the parsoni
k that they would rnot pay iris salary if hec
r refused to dismiss the Celestial. Thec
e reply was, "Coame to church next Sunr
*day evening." Th'ie church was erowd
ed on the evening ini questiorn ard thet
Ssermnonr was awaited with breathless in.
n terest. Tire pastor's rdforence to th
e Ch inese questoar wase briet but ponrt'
ed. "Tire steward'(s llave told me thai
a unless I discharge the Chninamanr in my
,employ they will nio-longer be respon
Ssrble for my salary. My wife hai
learned to like John because he Is a
egood Christian, thinks so muchr of us,
and does his.work so faihfully. I nroi
. anrswer you once for all that tire Cina.
~. man shall stay with*tns and I shall corn
a tianue as pastor of this church until thr(
a Conrferenrco sees flt'otherwihse to direci
3, rme, salary or no salary, starve or n<
'e starve ! I have never yet been intimida
rt ted from what I consicter my duty as a
3. Christianr, and do niot propose to ba
nlow I Brethren, it strikes me pretty
forcibly tha't it would be. better for yor
to follow tire religion taught in the BD.
ble than thrat dealt out oan thre Sant
t Lots in -Sanr Francisco." -Prejudice Ii
.prejudIce, but grit Is also grit. Ther4
di was applause fromt #vry side of tin
church, and when thopreao.aer left thi
d congregartionl ateppet up to hin; an'
said : ' arson, yett have partsken o
hl amy ospitality ini $l.I PMq pirany a time
y Reolettam late,h-aing hangs 9i
'the outgideo when yotegme that way
SThere is a crust ibn my~ upboard -when
eyour salary falls." -
Conduct in case of Fire.
Every householder should miake each
person in his house acquainted with
the best means of escape, whether the
fire breaks out at the top or the bottom.
Inmates at the first alarm should en
deavor calmly to reflect what means or
escape there are in the house. If in
bed at the time, wrap themselves in a
blanket or bedside carpe; open neither
windows or doors more than necessary;
shut every door after them. This is
most important to observe. In the
midst of smoke it is coinparatively
clear toward the ground ; consequently
progress through smoke can be made
on the hands and knees. A silk hand
kerchief, worsted stocking drawn over
the face permits free breathing and ex
cludes to a great extent the smoke fron
the lungs. A wet sponge Is alike of
fIcaeous. In the event of being una
ble to escape either by the street door
or the roof, the persors in danger
should immediately make their way to
the front window, taking care to close
the door after them, and those who
have charge of the household should
ascertain that, every Individual is there
assembled. Persons thus circum
stanced are entreated not to precipitate
themselves from the window while
there remains the least possibility of as
sistance. and even in the last extremity
a plain rope is invaluable, or recourse
may be had to Joining sheets or
blankets together, fastened one end to
the bedpost or other furniturn. -This
will enable one person to lower all the
others separately, and the last may let
himself down with comparatively' little
risk. Select a window over the door
way rather than over the area. 1)o not
give vent to the tire by breaking in un
necessarily from without, or if an in
mate by opening the door or windows.
Make a point of shutting every door
after you as you go through the house.
For this purpose doors enclosing the
staircase are very useful. Upon dis
covering yourself on fire, reflect that
your greatest danger arises from draft
to flames, and from their rising up
ward. Throw yourself en the ground
ahd roll over on the flame-if possible
on the rug or loose drugget, whicht
drag under you. The table cover, a
man1's coat, anything of the kind at
hand will serve your purpose. Scream
for assistance, ring the bell, but do not
run out of the room or remain in an
upright position. Persons especially
exposed to the risk of their dresses
taking fire, should adopt the precaution
in a weak solution of chloride of zinc,
alum or tungstate of soda.
Hunting In Luxurious Style.
A car arrived at Bismark, D. '1., re
ceutly that is worth noticing. It hail
ed from Worcester, Massachusetts, and
is the hunting palace car of Jerome
Marble. He is a *wealthy gentleman,
who has a mania for outdoor sport.
For four years he has taken in the
Northern Pacific country. his car
was on exhibition at Ohe Centen
nial, and Is considered a rare
piece of workmanship, The fittings of
the interior are his own. Mr. Marble's
family accompany him, with.a few in
vite.i guests. Thue car is a house in it-.
self. It hams a tine drawing room,
twenty-four feet long, which in turn
is used for dinliig room and sleeping
apartments. On thme Iloor is a velvet
carpet, with several easy chairs and
rockers, and an uprIght p)lano. The la
dles amsuuse theinsplues as in any well
regulated.mansion. There is a neat kit
chien, with all the Improved machinery
of that important apartment. There is
an armory and coat room, the outside
door has a door bell, and strangers are
expected to notice it when they call.
Under the car is a large coal anid Ice
box. The rear latformn is fenced In
for kitchen buckets and gamne. T1hiere
is also a comnmon car for the dogs, boats,
and other necessary articles not proper
in an elegantly ap)polnted residence,
The proprietor has a cont,ract with the
railroad company that requires any
train to couple on to his cgs' when lhe
signals for the same. D)uJRs. ehickeins,
geese and antelope have beeun their
How Fnint Arrow leadw were Made.
A young scientist in the Smithsoihian
lustitute, named Cushing, has just
made public thme diIscotery of the meth
od employed in making the stone and
volcanic glass arrow-heads, daggers,
knives, axes and razors of the pre-his
torne races. Up to this time this has
been a great piroblem to all antiquarian
students, biut no ijicory has ever been
advanced showing buolh practical ne
suits as Cushing's. Ho stsrted to solve
the dimtilty by putting himself in the
.identical position of the Astecs orMound
liuilders-without anythuing to work
with except sticks, various 'shaped
stones such as he could find on time
banks of any stream, and his hands.
after 'making .some -rude itnple
monts by chipping one finmt wvith an..
other, lhe discovered that no amount of
chipping would prodmee surfices like
'be.st of those lie was tryinug to imitate.
lIe therefore came to the conclusion
that there was.another way of doing it,
anil, by chance; cried pressure with the
r boInt of.a stick, Instead of -iippig by
bloeks of a stomi; when, presto I he,
i. founid that he cold break stonie, flint
and Qbaldian iti any shap~opphose.
s hortly hie had, mnade pear4heads and
daggers tha$ would cut. 1h.* razor, as
g op4 i any lie had Io bini, hmlhl
r hAd,been pioked dp Aj h
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
Those who hope for no other life are
dead even to this.
We are as liable to be corrupted by
books as by companions.
'Tihe great misfortune of all is not to
be able to bear misfortune.
Age that lesseim the enjoyment of
life, increases our de ire oi living.
Absennie destroys trilling intimaeies
but it itvigorates strong ones.
To the blessed eternity Itself there
is no other handle than this instant.
Let us search ourselves it the llrst
place, and afterwards the world.
If evil be said of thee, and it is true,
correct it;. if it be a lie, laugh at t.
IEmploymentt Is Nature's physielan,
and Is essential to human hb,pl;'ness.
No one will dare maintain that it is
better to do injustice than to bear it.
Flattery sits in the parlor when plain
dealing is kicked out of doo- s.
Show may be purchased, but happi
ness is always a homie-made article.
it lbs right to be contented with what
we have, never with what we are.
The silence of a person who loves to
praise is a censure suffielently severe.
Those beings only are lit for solitude
who like nobody, and are liked by no
Be severe to yourselves and indul
gent to others; you thus avoild all re
Good thoughts, like rose-leaves, give
out at sweet perfume if laid up in the
jar of memory.
If you propose to serve God at all,
have the mnanliness to begin Itie service
Our d1issAtisfactiol with any other
solution, is the blazing evidence of our
Streitgth of tind depends upon sobri
ety, for this keeps reason unclouded by
No indulgence of passion destroys
the spiritual nature so much as respect
Hluman life defined by a line is as
uncomfortable as would be the human
figure defined by a wire.
Nothing Is more amiable than true
modesty, and nothing is more contetmp
tible than the false. The one guards
virtue, the other betrays It.
Mental pleasures never cloy; unlike
those of bhe b'ody,. they are increased
by repetition, approved by refleetion
and strengthened by enjoyment.
The object of all ambition should be
to be happy at home, It we are not
hI.ppy there, we cannot be happy else
Ignorance, when it Is voluntary, is
criminal, and he may properly be charg
ed with evil who refused to learn how
lie might prevent it.
All skill ought to be exerted for uni
to others and ought to repay the kind
ness that he has r.eco.ved.
It Is from our hearts, and not from
an outward source, that we draw the
line which covers the web of our exis
Keep the head cool by temperance in
all things, and the feet warm by actual
exercise in the discharge of important
duties-deeds of kindness.
What commonly hinders us from
showing the recesses of our heart to
our friends is not the distruso we have
of themn, but that we have of ourselves.
Men trust rather to their eyes than
to their ears; the effect of precepts is
therefore slow and tedious, whilst that
of examples Is summary and effectual.
No man is ever good for 'anything un
til he has found two things--first, Se
tiing to love, mand seoond, somethiing to
The Infinite has sowed his name in
time heaenms in burning stars, bumt in
time earth HIe has sown ils name in tenm
Genius loves toil, impediment and
p)over.ty ; for from these it gains Its
strength, throws off' the shadows, and
lifts its proud head to Immorality.
Gentleness which belongs to irtue
is to be carefully distinguished,from
time meana spirit of cowards and time
t aw~ninug assent of sycopnan ts,
Pride is seldom delicate ; it will please
itself wih very meani 'advantages; and
enavy feels not its own happiness.; buit
when it miay be conspared with. time
misery of pthmers.
'Tears are tile gift which love bestowsa
upon the imienory of the absent and(
they. will a rail to keep the heart from
Ilow many usef'ul hints are obtained
by chlan(de, and ' how-often- thle mind,
hlurried by her own ardor, to distaint
viewvs, neglects time, truths that lie open
If you were as wiilIhgto bhas pleas
mant, and as anxfatie'o pleas6ii' your
own house, as you are in the company
of youtr neighb9rs, you would have the
hamppiest home in the 'world.
When the' flowers are full ,of heaveni
descended (lows they alwAys'htong their
heads; bitt meon hold theirs the higher
tihe more of the world they 'receive,
getting prouder as $hey get full.,
'Tis much easier to n peti with error
tihan to flind truthl; 'error iM on the sur
face, truth is hidden" in great debths;
and the .wa to;:seelk does 'not appear to
all the wo .d. .
Times ~1general oalamnity and con
ifusion h'EYe ever been produ9tive of the
greatest niinds. ' Tlie puttet oee eones
from the bottest furnaQe; the birightest
flaShh from1 thme darliesti eloti,1
If we w idl have p*werful znds we
must th n; 4f WOWti hP!O 4 fuh
hedrfte, Wemi4'1v;i Wmd
imave s$ k ie4~~ we' i~ ~~o
These Inclii e all theti yaltAbh itt e,
SNever -has one pekon fQto et ehis
stand the inote4' I'Iu $ito
use frorm i,hence outIf.- n V
ht 6o a1r$t
he found that the "flaking,'' which he
calls his process, on the old arrow-head
left grooves that all turned one way.
IIe produced a like result by turning
his stick the easiest way from right to
left. lie therefore concludes that the
prehlstories were right-handed people
like ourselves. This conclusion 18 re
inforced by the fact that occasionally
an arrow head is found that has flakes
running from left to right, showing a
left-handed person. The mportance
of the discovery Is that it shows the
prehistorics to have been able to do
this thing without the use of iron or
bronze, a th'ng long doubted.
A Bravo Hoosier Girl.
Living in a plain cottage situated be
tween two farms on the main settle
ment near l'ortville, about seven miles
front Olean, Indiana, is It young womt
in named May Iangdon. 11er mother
has been almost a helpless invalid for
inany years. She hersel' has long suf
fered with a terrible cancer on the up
per part of her left arm. To cure this
Dr to alleviate the torment of mind and
body which it has caused, has been
her constant thought, her ever-present
care. The aid of competent physician,
had been called in and every kind of
treatment resorted to, but with no
hopeful result. Expert medical men
pronounced the case a hopeless one,
imd the poor-girl was regarded by all
imC by herself, as the doomed victim
f the dreadful disease. A lady doc
tor of reputed skill in the treatment of'
Nu cer recently visited the suflerer but
gave no word of encouragement. Af
ter site had gone Mlary shed no tears,
but resolved upon a desperate and
dangerous expedient, and wlhene
had resolved; speedily carried her de
sign into execution. She ran a stout
neeole beneath the cancer, drawing a
thread through it. With this thread
she tied the artery, using her teeth to
lid her. She then took a sharp table
knife and cut the cancer, which was of
utnusual size, out of her arm. This
]one, she took the mass of quivering
lesh which she had removed from her
m, and without a word to any one,
buried it In the rear of the cottage.
So quietly had the girl gone through
with the terrible operation that no one
in the house was aware of it until soime
Lime after. IIaving bound up and cov
ured the terrible wound in lier arm,
the went about her household as usual.
Of course the result of this fearful
piece of surgery is diflfcult to predict.
Ill effects, and it is sincerely to be
hoped that so much courage and endur
ince will be rewarded by a complete
Inrds as a Protection.
For the past two years I have been
xperimenting somewhat, feeding the
birds to proteot the fruit from insect
lepredations. For the spring of 1876
we fed something over twenty-five
bushels of oats, also keeping water for
them to drink. '1'his last summer we
fed probably one-third more oats, scat
tering some each morning, also putting
fresh water in the trough nearly every
morning. Tihe quail, robin and.black
bird tame the easiest. '1h.e dove raises
several broods during the seaison : I
frequently passed within two feet of'
where '.he dove was settinugon her eggs
without her flying away. The whip
p)orwllsB used( to comae every evening to
reed on the omts, at least they were ini
thie apple trees over my ont box. I
never allow a gun fired in the orchard
if I can help it. The orchard Is about
ano half mile from, the timber and I
have frequently noticed when a gn
was fired in the timber that the
birds would come in flocks to the or
Dhard. The birds ate and diestroyed1
from twent.y to thirty bushuelsof apples
also seome cherries. The cat-bird, kha5g
bird, robin and wvood-peeker are the
most destructive. Now for thec advan
tages: It is a pleasant thing to feed
thenm and hear hund reds of them sing
at once. The alple-wormi or eodiing
moth as it is ealied, destroyedt near
ly every apple tree ig some or
eihards8 not two miles fromi me. .We
raised and mnarketed some 3,000 bush
ols of apples, and I dlon't think there
was one b)ushel of wormy ones ini the
lot. 'This r.-ill be read by many who
bought apples of me, and they will
bear wItness for the birds. I am. free
to admit that two or three years is not
time to give anything of.thuis kind a
fair trial, as it may take, uder some
eiroumstances a longer time to tame
the birds. I hope that every fruit
grower will give the birds a fair trial
and see what advantage they are to
A Singular Ilird.
A strange bird which lives in China, call
ed the fork-tailed parus, which is quito an
acrobat. Hie is about as big as a robin,
and lie has a red beak, orange-colored throat,
green back, yellow legs,,blsek tail and red
and-yellow wings. Nearly all the colors
are in his dress, you .see, and lie is a gay
fellow. But this bird:has a trick known!by
no other birds that over, I heard of. -H
turne somersaults I Not' only does. be dp
this in his free life on.the trees, but also af
ter ho is cauight and put into a cage. ,He
just throws his head far backe, and -over
he goes, touchhi' tite barB of the cage, aud
alightng upo hs oeet on tihe fIpQr or,.
theperh. Hewill 49 1,t over and over
numL.or ,of times withpa estopping,f
lou h he ploght it get i>4 4
laz~ e b lsau 41 adhyr