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TII-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JUNE 28, 1879. VOL. IV.-NO. 12.
GROWING OLD GRAOEFULLY.
Softly 0 1 sof ly the years have swept by thee,
Touching thee lightly with tenderest care ;
Sorrow and oae did they often bring nigh
Yet they have left theo but beauty to wear
Growing old gra efully,
Far from the storms that are washing the
Nearer each day to the pleasant home light ;
Far from the waves that are big with commo
Under full sail and the harbor in eight
Growing old cheerfully,
Cheerful and bright.
Past all the winds that were adverse and
Past a 1 the islands that lured thee to ret ;
Past all the currents that wooed thee unwill
Far from the pert of the land of tde blest.
Growing old peaoofully
Peaceful and blest.
Never a feeling of envy or sorrow,
Whoro the bright faces of obildren are soon,
Nuvor a year from their youth wouldst thou
Thou dost remember what I oth between.
Growi .g old willingly
Gladly, I wean I
Rich in experienco that angels might covet
Rich in a faith that has grown. with thy
Rich in the lovo that grew from and above it ;
Soothing thy sorrows and hushing thy fears.
Growing old wealthily
Lo .ing and dear.
Hearts at the sound of thy coming are light
heady and willing thy hand to relieve ;
Many a face at thy kind words has brightened,
It is more blessed to give than receive I"
Growing old happily ;
lest,.we be teve.
"Now, .Jack, be very careful," said my
sister for the fiftieth time, as she stood by
my side on the platform of the village de
pot, from which the train was about to start
for New York; "remember the diamonds
are worth ten thousand dollars,"
"Oh, bother, yes 1" I exclaimed, impa
tiently ; "I am not likely to torget it. I
guess you've reminded me of the fact often
enough. Don't you suppose I know en
ough to take care of them ?"
"You're inexperienced, and. I'm afraid
you'll be imposed upon."
"Don't you worry. But here's the train;
good-bye I" and I leaped upon the platform
and entered a car with a sense of wounded
dignity. My sister Alice was to be married
two 'ays later at our country seat in the
village of B-, and I then a young man
of about twenty, had been deputed to visit
New York city, and withdraw the family
diamonds from their place of deposit in the
safe of a certain bank. These jewels had
been in the possession of my mother's fam
lly for penturies, and wer nly gsed on
grand occasions. During the greater por
tior of the year they remained safely locked
up in the bank vaults. They had not been
used for nearly a twelvemonth- now, but
were, on the following Wednesday, to adorn
the person of my sister at the wedding.
So many cautions had' been given me,
and so much doubt expressed of my ability
to bring the diamonds safe home to 13--.,
that 1 realized the respQnsibility of my posl
tiQn ftilly, and determiedl to uae the utmost
care to insure the safpty of the valuable
heirlooms. If, after all that had been said,
they should be lost, I should not dare to
alow my face in 1-- again, I thought.
I walked almost the entire length of the
car in my search for a seat, but every one
was ocoupied either passengers or their bag
gage,. I was about leaving for the forward
car, whon a soft hand tapped me on my
shouldler, and turning, found myself face to
face with one of the prettiest girls I had
ever seen. She was a blonde, with a spark
ling, piquant face, a wealth of golden hair,
and a lithe, perfectly rounded form. Rais
ing her eyes to mine, sho said with a be
"Hero is a seat, sir. See I have removed
Silo rescated herself, and motioned mec tQ.
take my place by her ie, -which I did1
with tihe greatest alacrity, saying to m.y
"Jack llaseomb, my boy, you are in
'I will confess that at that time my one
weakness was a fondness for the society of
pretty girls ; therefore I mentally congratu
l ated myself on my good fortune in secur
ing this fair stranger as a traveling comnpan,
ion. I was conbelted enough to fanef my
self alnOst irresistible, and I began to.exer
else niy finaginar fwer of faoinalton
upon the young lay Att ret shoW very
reserved and replied to my remarks' on the
weather and kindred subjects in mohosyl
lablos ; but she gradually grow more talka
tive,' and when we h'ad.been on our way an
hour we had been. engaged in an animated
and interesting conversation. My comnpan
ion was very cotnmunicative, -and in a short
time had informed me that her name was
Laura Glardnler ; that she lived in:Hartford,
and that she was riow on hec' way to the'
home of he'r aunt in NeW York city,. whore
she expected to spend 4'fortiih6 Blhd was
evidenutly a ptrson of refinrneot'au~d culture,
and I was quite fascinated by hr. -When I
tqld her my pamne, e,ery ef Purpris? escaped
"Whm l is. osil that you Ar6'Alice
Bascom a brother?" she asked.
"Ian," I roplied ; "you are acquainted
wi J~iy sister?V"
ps9j e ehe~b ahd I attended the N
boardtg soeiool at the saine time. You
muitst have heardhor me~ntion me."
I Was6OtalPthat I never had, but I men
tally teoly.e4 that tbis young lady's ac
qualntatice shio~ bo oniltivAied by the fam
ily in, future,
"Do0 you renmatu lonig in New York I"
asked my coinpanion.
"No geoturn by eight r. ?.t, trai this
"Ahl.'in ; I was in hos your
ay *~ad og enopgh to permit df
you i atm aan7 fos, 14she
sumi~ anotlibwro thoe's eklg,boide*'
which lay in her lap ; "may I then flatter
myself that the thought of a future meeting
is not altogether an unpleasant one ?"
I thought that I was an Immensely elo
quent and fascinating fellow, and that she
knew it ; I think now that I was a fool,
and have reason to suppose that she was
quite aware of the fact.
She gently drew her hand from mine, ut
tered a half-suppressed sigh, and said :
"It is by no means an unpleasant thought,
"And dare I hope-?" I began.
She checked my impetuosity, saying :
"Remember, Mr. Bascomb, we have been
acquainted but a few hours."
"I feel as though I had known you a
lifetime," I said; "so pardon me If I re
peat my question ; may IFhope-?"
"You may hope for much in the future,"
she Interrupted gently ; "for the present,
however, It would be well to dtimiss the
Of course, I conld do no less than obey
her bidding, but I flattered myself 'that she
was considerably "struck" by me.
On our arrival in New York, I asked to
be allowed to escort Miss Gardner to her
aunt's house. But she replied thiat her
cousin had promised to meet her in the de
pot. I at once conducted her to the ladies'
room, where I requested the privilege of re
maining with her until her cousin's arrival.
But she could not allow even this, and I
reluctantly took my departure. She was
evidently anxious to get rid of me for some
purpose or other, and I concluded that it
would be impolite to oppose her wishes.
As I entered a car to go down to my hotel,
I looked back and saw at the window of the
ladies' waiting room my fair traveling com
panion, and by her side a tall, fine looking
man. They were both laughing heartily
For a moment I imagined that they were
laughing at me. But conceit soon came to
the rescue and banished that idea ; what
was there in my appearance to exoite morri
ment? The notion was absurd I
Thut afternoon I got the diamonds from
their hiding place in the bank vaults, and
deposited them in a safe corner of my valise
and said to myself :
"Now, tnen, tne man doesn't live who Is
smart enough to get them jewels away from
The valise was not out of my sight that
day, and when I took my seat in the eight
o'clock train that evening I placed it by my
side, and resting my arm upon it, mentally
congratulating myself on my superior saga
city and shrewdness.
Presently I drew the evening paper from
my pooket and was preparing to make my
self as comfortable as possible under the
circumstances, when my eye fell upon the
forii of a lady in front of me, the contour
of which seemed familiar. An instant later
I sprang forward, valise in hand, and ex
"Good evening, Miss Gardner 1"
For the lady was no other than my pretty
traveling companion of the morning.
She looked up, and I saw that her face
bore the evidences,of recent weeping.
"Ah, good evening, Mr. Bascomb," she
said, with an attempt at a smile.
She removed her bundles and I deated
myself by her side which, I imagined, might
have been rese'rvcd by her in expectation of
my arrival. I placed my valise on the floor
at my feet,
"You are returning sooner than you ex
pected," I remarked.
"Yes, Mr. Bascomb," was the tearful re
ply. "I received a telegram only an hour
ago, statingr that my poor papa met with an
accident this afternoon, and is lying in a
very dangorous condition. Of course I
started for home at onop."
I expressed great sympathy, ofTered any
and every assistance in my power, ana, in
short, did all I could to assure my compan
ion of the intense interest I felt in her wel
But my solioitude about Miss Gardner
was not so great as to banish from my mind
the responsibility which weighed upon it,
I did rnot forget that I had In my charge
ten thousand dollars' worth of diamonds,
whi.ch, possibly, some clever thief might
have his eyes on even now. I kept the va
lise tightly locked between my feet, and I
did not allow my vigilance to relax even
when I was the most assiduous in my at
tention to my fair companion.
"Will you be so kind as to close the win
dow ?" asked the lady presently.
Of course I sprang .o my feet, and exe
cuted. her bidding with alacrity ; not forget
ting the valise, ho,wever. When I turned I
half expepted that it would be gone, for I
was growing nervous aa the diptance to my
home lessened, but there it sat exactly as I
had left it, Froma that time until the train
stoppep at B--, at midnight, I did not
lose sight of the bag.
"Good-bye, Miss Laura," I paid, as I
pressed her little hand and arose to leave
-"'Good-bye, Jack," she responded, with
a bewildering glance from th'ose- wonderful
I was enchanted ; but already the train
had begun to move away from the village
station, so I was compelled to rush from the
presence of 1y3 Duloinea at a moest undigni
ged pace, pi'dtponing an expression of mny
raptures till some. future time.
. "Helre ye arc, after all, sir," said Patrick,
the old coachman, who met me as I stopped
upon.the, platform. '.Sure, the ladies have
been very nervous about ye, the whole day,
and they sent me to. mrpet ye wid the car
I muttere4 something not very compli.
mentary about the ladies, as I jumvped.into
"Sure, sor," said Patrick, as he leaped
Into the bus and started the horses; "did ye
have any throuble in gettiti' the diamonds
a feohere ?"
"Certriinly not, Patriok," I replied with
"ell, d'ye know, ser, there's been .a
dale o'iNdrfin' about ye at the,. onse this
'day. ,)y 'the way, soi-,-execuse thefbey
-wvho was that ,young lady I. seen -ye a
talkin' to ini the car?f"
"A young lady from Ilartford."
"An' ye made her acquaintance in. the
car, I'll be bound, sor."
"Well, Patrick, perhaps you are not fat
'from being right," i repied with' smile.
7"Misther Jack," burst forth Pat, '"the
glilswil e herui o y le, '1 he
nonthsatha hsl"h daons
eabe I'l t 1
'M stau mt the dianonds ' es any
The Old Masters.
An escaped Italian artist was industrious
ly engaged in placing a fresco of white
wash upon the fence of a northend resi
dence, when a man who had looked so long
upon the bloom on the rye that the cheer
ful color had been Imparted to his nose,
sauntered up the street. As he was mak
ing a tour of America on foot and had a
few minutss to spare, he leaned carelessly
over the fence, and watched the frescoer's
" How gracefully he applies the dazzling
mixture of aqueous fluid and lime," said
the man aloud, as to himself.
'['lie artist raised his head, took in at a
glance the seedy clothes and general bank
rupt appeareuce of the man, and then re
sumied his work.
"There is the grace of an Angelo in the
play of that arms as it wields the brush,"
continued the man in affected admiration.
The artist turned red in the face, but
as lie was then atriving paint around an iron
stanchion, he didn't look up.
"The g'enius of a IRaphaei lights'up that
countenance, while the enthusiasm of a
Murillo flashes from that eagle eye,".pur
sued the man.
One of the artist's eyes was game, and
considering this remark sonewhat personal
in its bearing, lie growled out:
"Wtiiat are you given us, anyhow, you
"is not that last effort a reproduction of
Turner's great masterpiece," exclcimed the
man, striking an attitude; "or do my eyes
deceive me ?'
"''tiey'll deceive you pretty soon, when
I knock 'emt both into one," said the artist,
scowling fiercely at the ian.
"And, if ['i not mistaken," pursued
the man, making an opera glass of his
hands, "upon yonder panel 1 behold an
exact reproduction of an exquisite Reubens
that I once examined In the Vatican.'?
"In jail, more like," said the artist, the
short hair on the back of his neck standing
out horizontally with anger. "Git off'n
that fence an' move along, or I'll paint that
blossom nose till your own mother wouldn't
"Descendant of the men who improved
nature upon canvas, do not let your passio
nate-" began the man, when the artist
caught him across the face with the brush,
covering him with the whitened mixture.
The man promptly jumped over the fence,
and a fierce engagement took place, in
which the brush did active service. When
the whitewash of battle finally cleared
away, the artists head was jammed into
the pail as if in search of i portipn of his
left ear, which was missing, while the man,
with the artists coat and hat in his hand,
was proceeding swiftly up the street, his
back ornamented with a fac-simile copy of
Napoleon crossing the Alps, while his fiery
nose looked out through three layers of
lime like a flaming -messenger of truth.
W1h a Madmuat,
It was a fine but cold evening in the be
ginning of March, 1860, and I was return
ing to my school, the best in Ireland, in my
humble opinion, vix: ]Poxtora Royal School.
I had enme that morning from "the beauti
ful city" to Dublin, where I had arrived
safe and sound about 2 P. M., if I remen
ber rightly. I remained in Dublin until
the last train from that city to Enniskillen,
which started about 5 P. t. The short
time I had in Dublin I spent first of all in
recruiting the inner man, which,by-the-by,
schoolboys don't often forget to do, and af
terward in making a few purchases, and
taking a quiet stroll, At fifteen minutes to
five 1 jumped into a cab and drove to the
Dublin and Drogheda terminus, where I ar
rived just in time to take my ticket. I
took a third-class ticket--I know gentlemen
don't often travel third-class, and I would
not have done so then, but having spent a
good deal of money in-Dublin on varIous
rrifies, I hiad not sufficient cash to purchase
a second-class ticket without encroaching
considerably on my packet money~ for the
halhf year, which I did not feel at allinclined
However I am in the trainl. "Whlere
for ?" says the guard. "Enniskillen."
"All right," he replies. The engine gives
a fiend-lik& shriek, puff, putf, and off we
The carriage I got Into was a riokoty old
concerai, full of cracks through which the
wind came ini far too large quantities to be
agreeable ; however, I determined to make
the beat of a bad matter. Fortunlately.I had
two rugs, so I arranged one as a couch
placed my carpet-bag as a pillow, but tieA
up my overcoat, took a long swig at a flask
wvhich I 11ad with me, and which I advise
no oneo who has to travel in winter to be
without, stretched myself oni my primitive
couchI, placed my other rug over 1me, and
was quickly in the arms of Morpheus.
A considerable time must have elapsed
before I awoke ; when I did so, I heard a
sti'ange kind of jabbering. I1 was still but
half awake when a loud peal of discordant
laughiter rang out from the end of the car
rIage, and ettectually aroused me. Aroused
me, did I say?i It did more. T9 use a
common expression, it frightened the wits
out of me. I sat up now fully awako, and
saw, at tihe furthler end- of tile carriage, a
man of about fifty-five 6r sixty years of age,'
of mniddle height, dressed in a threadbare
suit, with a hat to matchl, and wearing a
pair of spectacles, it was now pitch dark,
and tIle lamp placed in the roof but only
dimly illuminated the'carriage.
When my first alarmhad subsided caused
by this madman's demoniac laugh (r mad
man he truly was), I became mysel again.
My friend in the corner evidently now no,
icod me for the first time, and at last rose
f rom his seat, and walked towatrd me. 1No*
I can assure you; I was in no enviable statie
of min4; here I was, late at night, shtie up
ina third.class carriage with amda,
goodness knotsa how far from any stAtion,
and without, any means of communicating
with the guard. flowever, I though; ft
best to put a>bold face -on the matteW I
therefore rose from my seat, and adVaneed
to meet my fellow-passenger, .holdisg,
howe~ver, firmly in my hand rather a for-n.
idable looking. elaspknife which I had ur
ohsed-in'Dublin ;. but- the elderly gnte
ta before mentioned owhen her6hp
the window of the:oarrage, peaetob
attracted~ by oniething outsie,f6
sto ed ~ t his hedout of thie wbi6~
and ndule UtMotli f itdi1e diso4w
He thenl tt teMp6t'ia
voice, "ii6n h c o th'1o"An
thing happened ?" demanded my sister and
a dozen of her young lady friends, spring
ing to my side as I entered the drawing
"Bother I Yes I" I exclaimed. "I've
got the diamonds, and nothing has hap
pened either to them or ie."
"Well-well I" exclaimed my sister, im
patiently, "open the valise I Quick I I'm
dying to see thon I"
With much dignity I fitted the key into
the lock, and turid it. At first it resisted
in on unusual manner, but suddenly it gave
way, and the bag opened.
I started back. 'Tho contents of the va
lse were certainly not in the condition i
which I had left them.
"Why, what's this?" exclaimed Alice,
who had already begun an investigation.
"Why, Jack Bascomb, this bag is filled
with old newspapers and bricks I It's not
your valise at all I"
I sank into a chair, unable to utter a
"Didn't I tell ye so, sor ?" remarked Pat
rick, who had lingered by the door.
"And here's an envelope directed to you.
I tore it open, and on the dainty sheet
which It enclosed I read these words :
"MY DEAn JAoK :
It was all a put up job. When In the
future you travel alone, beware of pretty
and unprotected girls like Yours truly,
I will not linger on the scene which fcl
lowed. The memory of it is still painful.
My sister did not spare me, and I could not
say a word in self-defense.
My sister did not wear the diamonds at
her wedding, but she did very soon after for
they were recovered within a week by the
detectives who were employed to work up
the case, and to whom I made the liumilia
ting confession of my folly. I was sum
moned to. Now York one morning, three
days after the memorable trip of which I
have told, for the purpose of identifying a
noted thief named Bill Travers, who was in
the hands of the police. I found him to be
the very man whom I saw at the window of
the ladies' room in the depot in company
with "Laura Gardner."
"It's just as I thought," said the detec
tive when I fully identified the fellow; "the
pretty girl who roped you in was Travers's
wife. She's an old hand, Well, you can
go home now. You'll have the diamonds
back in a day or two, I give you my word."
Two days later the jewels arrived at
The story of the affair was in all the pa
pers, and for a long time I was the laugh
ing-stock of the whole neighborhood,
Said the Herald,'
"Mrs. Travers requested Mr. Bascomb to
close the window. Of course ho hastened
to obey ; and while he was engaged in a
conflict with the bolts and springs, she
skillfully substituted for his valise another
which was its exact fac-simile. With
this spurious valise the fascinating and fas
cinated youth unsuspectingly departed.
Young Bascomb evidently possesses a re
markably Impressible nature, and an un
limited amount of poffldenca in the integri
ty and virtue of his follow-man-and
woman. Let us hope that this occurrence
will be a lesson to hn."
Couldn't Stand the Pressuro.
A gentleman just In from a Western trip
gives a laughable account of the trials of a
newly-wedded couple who boarded the
train at a wa statiou. He Pays as the train
drew near t e station the whole car was
aroused by the unusual din and noisy fare
wells, "wish you much joys," and repeated
kissinga of a jovial orowd of young folks at
the depot. The newly,married couple, ar
rayed in wedding costumes, and evidently
fresh from the final service, took seats In
the ncnter of the car and weie at one the
attraction. In a very few moments both
bride and groom gave evidence that there
was seome more overpowering agencies than
love at work In their systems. The groom
turned ever a seat In front and elevated his
pedals; lhe put his arm nmodestly upon the
back of the seat, while the air from the
windowv floated the white veil and the fla
vor of orange blossoms over his fae, 3Ut
bomething was on his mind, and he mo
mentarily grew more restless, and twisted
and squirmed In all manner of ways. The
bride, too, seemed to have the same symp'i
toira. She tried the easiest attitudes, no~w
with head lovingly upon the manry shoul
der, then suddenly arousing and looking
uneasily from the window as if In expec
tanoy of a disaster, or that she would meet
ilhe frown of an angry father." Budden
ly, when all eyes were attracted to the
couple, the groom evIdently receiving a
new and deeper twinge with misery depicted
In every feature of his face, lifted his right
leg and began tugging at a now boot which
some wicked shoemaker had inveigled him
into buying as a peffect fit. After pulls
and tugs which made the vain. stand out
on hisa face and tihe arteries 'In his neck
throb like a small engine, lhe succeeded In
releasing hIs foot, and a sense of happiness
stole across his manly face. The bride sur
veyed the smile, but It seemed only to in
crease her misery, She wiggled, she
fanned, and "finally in desperation she at
tacked the bottons of her new shoes with
as much vigor as her lord did his boots,
'aiiI one by one they dropped upon the
floor. Bothi sets of feet were placed. in' prox
Imity upon the overturned seat, and the
bride's 4awl hid them from the vulgar
gAs ebonnet was unlimbered from Its
pedestal, and the blushing bride dropped
eas1lf~ upon the shoulder of her husband,
and securely slept, as the train whisteled
and' stoliped and started. The passengers,
relieved of all anxiety, had settled to cat
naps and newspapers, and peanuts, w)ton a
long whistle was followed by the brakeman
putting his head in at the door and yelling
"Groat. Jerusalem, Julia! wake- up!
her4 we are,' shouted the 'bridegroom,
"and there's thorm-infernal boots."
liHe jumlied at them and tuge and
sweat.and swore, but those feet hdactual
ly grown about an Inch, and it wgs no go.
Tfhe statiot was reached, wrhm only one
foot mIas stuck half way In the og. The
fair Julia'hid encased her pedals slip-shod,
and'as "tlie and tid?" and railroad trains
"wait for nio man,' they gathered their
'traps andweat out , just .as they wOre,
"wlthat?onie ploy," to moot a crowvd of
friends assembled to greet the iewly 'Wed.
dod pair, As the train started, the brake
nfab the ear, rinarking,' "1, tell
yd11lAbat the depot ate hav ngg*fua
' the sudde 0 8 h~
'~ oex~ dRt4 see theJrb gbj,
'. veAIc n~"atifiable hmen um
Cleanliness is surely next to godliness.
do not think an individual can be physi
illy unclean and morally pure. One of
te greatest causes of skin diseases is the
ick of the use of water. There is et all
mes and under all circumstances a shed
ig of the epithelium of the skin. It comes
iT in scales, which if not removed, will
ose the pores of the skin and prevent the
cc respiration that is constantly taking
lace. One of nature's modes of disposing
f her surplus heat and waste matter Is by
nding them out through the pores of the
cin. In fact so essential is this to the
lysical economy, that if the body be cov
ed with a coat of varnis for even a short
me death will occur. Fiom this you will
serve how important it is for us to keep
rery pore open. To do this we must
ithe. I will not stop to speak of the
niefits to be derived from the employment
Turkish or other baths, but bathe regu
rly and often. Every man, woman and
illd should bathe twice a week at least,
id oftener when the employment followed
such as to render it necessary. Now it
ay be strange, but most people don't
ithe once a month on an average, and one
Oif of those who do, do it in such a way
at no good comes from it. While spong
g one's self off is better than not bathing
all, yet it is not as beneficial as it should
. It is not necessary that you have a
th room, with all the modern conYenicnc
. All you need is a warm room and a
w gallons of water, some soap and a
onge. It requires no skill to use them.
so the bath if you would presei ve your
alth. I remember of hearing a doctor
11 a patient to take a warm bath. The
itient afterward said: "That's the fust
ater that has touched my back in sixteen
airs." The man that will not wash him
if oftener than that Is a brute. Physical
we are a nation of invalids. We can
ver be aught else as long as we antago
ze all the laws of hygiene by our daily
res. The neglect of ekanhness is one of
e most flagrant causes of desease. Then
.cp your body clean, and my word for It
nu will instinctively lothe and abhor all
at is vile and filthy. A physically im
ire man or woman Is an object of aver
)n to everybody. Regard cleanliness as a
Tie Name and th Origiu of ua ta.
One of the most singular proofs of
to foreign importation and perhaps of
e late arrival in Europe of the cat is
be found In its variors names. It is
Id that none of themn came from the
d Aryan source from which most of
ir language is derived. Most of them,
ke the familiar chat, are connected
Ith the late Latin catus, which took
e place of the earlier felis, when cats
eove out the former foes of rats and
ice. It seems to follow that eats came
to the West with the Iomans, but
hence d:d the Romans get the name
id the animal I M. Pietet traces the
1me to the Syriac qato, and the Arabic
it, out of which by an easy and natur
process we make kitten. Qitt and
to, however, are not the primitive na
ve forms of the cat's long-descended
6le, and we must go from Syria to
friea to fiad gada, kadiska and kaddiska.
s for the ancient Egyptian "mab,"
at Is merely the "mew oat." and the
pussy mew" of English nurseries.
ere, then, in Egypt is a native ono
atopie name of the eat, such as any
iman being might give It when he
,st heard the peevish, prolonged 'tote
his voice. The Indian names of the
t are not very old, and they are easily
plained. The eat is "tile housewolf,"
0 "rat-eater" (though snakes are the
,tters of some districts), and tihe "lee
micee." The endearing titie of the cat
mies from the land whence the most
easing speeimens of tile raee are al1so
irived. The Persian cat, wildw or
me, Is "pusechak,'1 which tihe A fghans
onounce "pischik," and tile Llthu
dlans, as old an Aryan-speaking race
any In Europe, "puije." The En
15sh "puss" Is olearly of tihesame famn
v of wods if "p)uss" in the long
in is derived ftrom a Suanscrit word for
"tail," there Is a citrious coiricidene
tweeni the word used by Hlerodotus
r tile Egy'ptian cat, "the ereatuare withl
aving tail," and the term found iln
mrsian, Lithuanian. and_English.
An I'net'a "enseN.
M. Treuvelot, a tfretgn scientifie obser
r, has, been experimenting with butter
es, in order so solve tihe disputed question
to$ the use of their antonde. HIe'found
at thley c6uld fly whlen deprived of their
tennm but with some hlesitation 6f'move
ont, it has been statedi by other entomo
ists that they fell.at once without any
wer of flght, When tenpoa blinded
eQvering the eyes with .ni nk, they
uldl fly with6ut dashids~ Into objects, pro
ded theO antena were, left cri, ut if cit
'they fell at once. When blinded they
I not pereive sugar by the antenue, but
tile stm,wore touch~ed withit the tiny
o aes at oiuce unrolled tn searchi
rU. Whdin th6 stumps weth~ covered
lthigammerabio, they were insensllite to
e seducotiois oi sugar water.. K~ Treuved.
Veonludesthat.the sense located in thle
tonna ja not mer9ly that ol' touchm, heat
rtaste, nor a co inAtioniof all 'th'reeo;
t'6n that' diffeif e'sentially froth aui~ ox
riebced by lhumani beings. 'It is a'k id
feeling arid smelling at.a great' distantce.
)*ost persons wo41 i~e tat te o
a onomg in it:L f~n and eay
s;-bt-it seemas thmt thle rose can .Ie made
quisite also to aftbir~ , det1u0
te tIid ar~o WconeVO
mtgteung hwaas f ~a4 d h*
asked how he was ; he did not, however,
deign to reply to my question, but gave an
other horrible yell of, "Much he cares for
At last he turned toward me, and began c
jabbering in a tone, at the same time slow- t]
ly advancing toward me ; I, however, fix- It
ing my eyes on his, remained perfectly still, ti
and after a short time, to my great deligtt i
(for 1 had no wish to to make a closer ac- 0
quaintaince with him), he returned to his c
old post-the corner of the carriage furthest f
from me. p
A few minutes after he had done so, we 0
arrived at a station ; I put my head out of 8(
the window, and tried to open the door, 8
but the door was fast. I then called P
"guard," but no guard came.- The whistle e
sounded, and off we went again. My friend ti
in the corner was now asleep, or at least 0I
lie appeared to be so, and thinking 1 could e
not do better than follow his example, I b
took another pull from my Ihask, and ro- b'
composed myself to sleep. 0
When I awoke, the madman was bending la
over me, feeling my pulset and muttering o
something about taking a little blood fron at
I remained perfectly quiet, and feigned I
to be asleep ; he brought forth a case of in- bt
struments from his pocket, and took a ]an- I"
cet out of it ; lie then began to turn up my 9
shirt-sieeve, in order, I suppose, to bleed n
me. I now did not know what to do ; I t
had no wish to be bled (perhaps to death) hi
by this madman, neither did I like to pro- b
vent him, lest he should become dangerous. "
Ie had now finished turning up my sleeve, e
and was on the point of opening a vein ; U
and while I was considering whether I U
should submit quietly or hit him between hi
the eyes, the train began to slacken speed. te
My friend returned his lancet to the case, h
and the case to his pocket, hastily pulled w
down my sleeve, and, stretching on the seat, y
began to snore au::hly. 8
I remained quiet-until until we arrived at 13
the station, when I looked out of the win- n(
dow, and was heartily glad to find that I n
had arrived at my destination. lI'
I got out of the carriage as quickly as t
possible, and calling a porter, I asked him k
if lie knew the gentleman inside. le told P"
me that he did very well. lie was a doctor, i
who had been mad for many years, but was el
perfectly harmless. le was allowed by the si
railway officials to travel in a third-class cu
carriage whenever lie wished, and was in
the habit of taking short pleasure excursions
now and then. I was very glad to get rid
of the gent, as I think anybody in my posi
tion would, and ant happy to say that f tlI
never since traveled with a madman in a to
third-class railway carriage. a
The Khubar. 0I
From all we can learn, the Arabic word 1i1
khabar signifies news; and as used in India w
it means a method of communicating news
in some extraordinary manner which, it is
alleged, science fails to unravel. The speed d
with which the news travels is said to be tn
greater than that of the electric telegrapli ; in
but that we take leave to doubt. At any w
rate, should yon walk through an India', at
market-place to view the silks of Cashmere I
or stroll into a Turkish bar.ar in quest of a
serviceable saddle, your hospitable native 4
acquaintance will ask, "Have you heard uia
the news of so-and-so, or of such-and-such qc
a place?" Your reply being in the negative ti
he may probably proceed to tell you what tii
the khabar says on important affairs trans- A
piring at a distanee. ' To your astonishment A
you flnd, after a few days, or even weeks, LI
that your loquacious Hindoo, Turkish, Arab
or Persion friend has told you the truth
with tolerable correctness The Earl of II
Carnarvon, in his interesting little volume m
"llecollections of the Druses of Lebanon," h
makes this observation; "No great moral gI,
or religious movement can be confined to o
the country where it is first born; and
through all ages, sometimes by a subtle and c1
almost mysterious agency, the spark of in- 03
telligence lies flashed along the electric chain ti
by which the natIons of the East are darkly- va
boumd to each other." And In proof of the og
existence of this potent agency, he relates
that durIng the Bikhu war (1845.6) therec
were cases in which the news of defeat or D
victory forestalled tile arrival of any letters '&
on the subjeet ; and, further, that in the ta
late Indian-mutiny the somewhat exagger- pi
ated intelligence of Gen. Windham's ro- ar
ptulse at Cawnporc actually reached the
Indians of Honduras, and the liaorms of at
New Zealand in a manner truly astonishing. Ei
A relative of the wrhter of the present no- Il.
tioo states that when in Jerusalem during r
the Crimean war ho often found that the a
khabar of the bazars anticipated the ordina- be
ry chlannels of communication by many go
days, and generally with but little der
ture from accuracy. n;rious theories has
been adduced to accouud for the marvellous
rapidity with which news is transmtitted or
inteommunicated among nations who pos
sess neither the electrie powet -nor steam
power. Some even allege that a certaIn ve
mysterious phychie force Is brought to bear fil
between man and. man, separated by long as
distances from each other, in a manner th
soewhiat :similar to the revelations w, .an
sometimes hear of as givedl by one rOlative to
to another at a distance. But be it as It lo0
may, there ean be no doubt that there exists .~
in Eastern countries some theahs whtereby t3
Intelligence is conveyed with marvellous C0
celerity, without the aid of either steAmn or vi
A Olmsso bliot.
Away over aidl up in Douglas County,
Oregon, G. W. Smith shouldered his Hen
ryrfeand strolled into the woods. -There
was snow on the ground and trackis-bear t
tracks-on the snow. Two upiles acros a
Valley and up a hill the hunter followed th0
trail. All at once a huge cinnamon.,bear
appeared ini the path, walking leisurely ~
Along. .The crack of .the. -lIenry, a sharp
kever'beration among thte -crags, the thun-.
douns answer of thie beast,, and. the hxuster
took to his heels. On.boundod bruin. Smith
turned. .I,# terrible moment' the l)ear
ocsed.0Acd knocked the rifle Into the air nd
it weuo ile grouads As he fel h
Smit h ad th clear - e pf~ -a rifle, en
Stunned' as he we lie thpnkd is lucky or
tars that seefriqhl .hand had made It- efl
self I:' theridk m~ne, for the far 'ias 8g
l~ekd~'f~ ~er hs uerI
tbu ritd 104 ato~h me1b~~
ad so it must he e a~tto11 11
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-One hundred and eighty-three cot
ton mills have been built iu the South
slince the war.
--A wealthy Philadelphian spent
$1,400 in collecting rare china cups.
Tley sold at; auction ('or $259.
-Legislators in Missouri are paid
only $1 a day on the theory that poor
piay will shorten sesslons.
-A ili was recently given in a mine
at Gold 11111, Nevada, at it depth ol 1,040
feet under ground.
--The late i'rince Henry, of Holland,
left an estate of at least forty-one mil
-The largest steel rail mill in the
United States is to be erected at Bald
win, near liarrisburg, Pa.
-Reuben R. Springer, of Cincinnati,
is said to be the wealthiest Catholic in
-The grain receipts at.New Yoi-k last
year show an increas3 of 40,518,388
bushels over the prevlons year.
-An elegant and palatial -residence
at Newliort, R. J., which cost 400,000
was sold receutly for $201,000.
-Iowa has 20 savings banks, with
deposits aggregating $2,447,1U0; and 33
general banks, whose total assets
anotiut to $3,783,005.
-Twelve thousand prizes remain un
claimed, and 1,800,000 francs still re
main in the hatuis of the. adniistra
tioni of the French Lottery.
-In 1851 Great Britain imnported 71,
470,421 pounds of tea, Nt hile in 1870 the
total imports of tea reached the enor
m1ou1s aggregate of 185,098,190 pounds.
-There are about 1500 articles taxed
in our tariil', and the whole product of
domestic manufactures in this country
is ovee $4,000,000,000 per annum.
--Tile bycicle mnania does not seem In
the least to have diminished in England
and a company to manufacture tlese
imacliies has Jist been organized with
a capital' of $175,000
-Maryland has 1,989 schoole and3,071
teachers, instructing 150,274 'pupils.
The average attendance last year was
81,829. The expoudiirus for the
suliools amounted to $1,593.259,00..
-Tihe pay mre'its for duties at the Bos
ton Custom house for the month of
April amounted to $1,428,358.441 i gain
of $260,307,07 as comnpared witt4 the
corresponding mionti of last year.
-This has been a good season fof the
Newfoundland seal fishing. It Is
roughly estimated that 500,000 seals
have been taken, giving about 100,000
cwts. of oil.
-Dr. J. II, IIo.ith, of p3oston, a dis
tinguished student of Auierican anti
quitles and relics, is in Dallas, Texias,
with the ,keletons of 80 tamous Indian
- -Mr. iI. I1oughton, the oldest editor
In Illinois, died at,Gailna receurly. He
was appointed Anerltari Const I t9 the
Sandwich Islaius Ilii 1809 byGederal
-Senator Jones owns Santa Mon'ca,
which is to be the fashionable seaside
resort of California this samnier. It
has 36,000 acres, for whici lie paid a
quarter of a - million dollars five years
A peg-lg walking match of fifty
hours Is the latest novelty of pedestri
anisni. A one-legged man in Elmira
has issued a chatleige to all residents of
I'ennsylvania who have lost a leg by
-The sales of tobaccostamps at Rich
mond. Va., on May 1st, aggre ted
$200,000; at Lynchburg, $141,Ou; at
l)anmvlile, $142,207; at Ptel-I'sburg, $100,
000. From Lynuhburg over 1,000,000
pounds of manifat,tured tobacco were
recently shipped in one day.
-TIhe area o1 gold mines in thme p1us
siani empIiire occupies aibouat 2,100,000
1quare miles, and now fields yearly
amiout 80,000 lbs. of gold, In value up-,
wards of ?3,000,000 sterling. Th'ie to
tal aimnount of gold produced inl Russia
sInce 1752 has been upwards of 2,500,
--A 'iurmiouas incident occurred.i in tile
course of the recent run ona tile Alders
gate sireet branchi of the L.ondon and
County hank. An enhightenied ,butclier
camne into the banik oilee when the run
was at hIgh tide and 'arelessly threw
down ?600 ($3000) as "something to go
-To judge from the San Francisco
papelrs tuere wvould seem to be an extra
ordinary maaingn debvelopment on' the
Pacific Corst. 'They abound with' ani
nouncemlents of new comDpales ilh
$5,000.000, $10,000,000 ,or $20,000,000
capital, Ru then, it 6nly costs about
five dollars to start twenty -miltlons
capital In Califormula.
-Last year 1,152,525 births.were re
glatgreml in the United -Kingdom, pr 34
pe 00of the estimated population,
which, Ina the' milddlg pf the y'e'ar,' was
38.881,906. Theia deAtha regibtered were
710,105, ior -21 per tlogi$and .of popula
n111 awin mi exces QI Ii,I~.,vr
ixcess in 1b57'".
-n'.e ileport of 'the1Ainerlean Bible
society for 1878 shO W re.p pts $10S;274.
OIf this a unt$1%$55 p trouy, ga
IIOfB Ii 6 5 lcoidso
145;500 copies; purthaal abrod$O5687,
teal1AS,08 eqsis Iu, S 4a hayme,
---iig26 4 4iine'raty tbffouin
datin o IthiewatWieratd d tho
21st of A p'r'l&dwitht more 4t64:V* ob8tom
distin wIsbeV 0,jMq1 t',
mot ,*iahMaChl d